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CRIMES AGAINST NATIONAL CRIMES AGAINST THE CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER CRIMES AGAINST CRIMES RELATIVE TO

SECURITY AND LAW OF NATIONS FUNDAMENTAL LAWS OF THE PUBLIC INTEREST OPIUM AND
( Arts 114-123) STATE PROHIBITED DRUGS
Treason: Arbitrary Detention

i. offender is a Filipino i. offender is a public


or resident alien; officer or
ii. there is a war in w/c employee;
the Philippines is ii. he detains a person;
involved iii. the detention is
iii. Offender either (a) without legal
levies war against grounds;
the government or
(b) adheres to the PUBLIC OFFICER: whose official duty
enemies to make an arrest and detain persons
e.g Policemen, Brgy. Chairman
TWO WITNESS RULE – No person
shall be convicted of treason unless on
the testimony of 2 witnesses to the
same overt act. If the overt act is
separable, two witnesses must also
testify to each part of the overt act for
conviction;
Conspiracy to Commit Treason: Delay in the delivery of detained
i. there is war in w/c persons to the proper judicial
the Philippines is authorities
involved; i. offender is a public
officer or
ii. two persons come employee;
tot an agreement to ii. he detains a person
(a) levy war against for some legal
the govt (b) adhere ground;
to the enemies, iii. he fails to deliver
giving them aid or such person within
comfort – 12 hrs; 18hrs;
iii. they decide to 36hrs
commit it;
Delaying Release
Proposal to Commit Treason: i.
i. there is war in w/c
the Philippines is
involved;
ii. at least 1 person
decides to (a) levy
war against the govt
or (b) adhere to the
enemies, by giving
them aid or comfort
iii. he proposes its
execution to some
other persons
Misprision of Treason: Search warrants maliciously obtained
i. offender owes and abuse in the service of those
allegiance to the legally obtained
govt (not a
foreigner);
ii. he has knowledge
of conspiracy to
commit treason
against the govt;
he conceals or does not disclose the
same
Espionage: Prohibition, Interruption and
i. by entering without Dissolution of Peaceful Meetings
authority therefore, By any public officer or employee
a warship, fort or who:
naval or military i. shall prohibit or
establishment or interrupt the
reservation to holding of a
obtain peaceful meeting;
information or ii. shall hinder any
other data of a person from joining
confidential nature lawful association;
relative to the iii. shall prohibit or
defense of the PH; hinder any person
ii. by disclosing to addressing any
the representative petition to the
of a foreign nation authorities for
the contents of data redress of
or information w/c grievances;
he had in his
possession by
reason of his public
office;
Piracy Interrruption of Religious Worship
i. i. by public officer or
employee;
ii. who prevent or
disturb religious
Qualified Piracy ceremony

Offending the religious feelings


i. by anyone who
ii. shall perform acts
notoriously
offensive to the
feelings of the
faithful
iii. in a place devoted
to religious worship
or during
celebration of any
religious ceremony;
Mutiny in the High Seas