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STRUCTURAL BEHAVIOUR OF PLAIN CEMENT CONCRETE

WITH MARBLE DUST POWDER AND STEEL FIBERS


A DISSERTATION

SUBMITTED TO RAMGARHIA INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND


TECHNOLOGY (PHAGWARA,PUNJAB) IN THE PARTIAL FULLFILMENT
OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE OF

MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY
IN
(STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING)

(PART TIME)

BY

AKSHIT MAHAJAN

(ROLL NO. 1350652)

IKG PUNJAB TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY


KAPURTHALA, PUNJAB
INTRODUCTION

GENERAL
The wastes which are coming from the industries and quarry sites cause environmental as well
as health problems, so to avoid such kind of problems it is necessary to reuse the waste
materials so that less burden on natural resources occurs for sustainable development goal.
Marble dust powder is a By-product and it is one of the waste materials which are obtained
during quarrying process from the marble rock having rich in lime content. Due to the presence
of lime in the marble dust powder, there is evidence of some Pozzolanic properties within it
when introduced to moisture and due to its fine particle size it can be used as partial
replacement of cement in concrete mix, may lead to saving in cost as consumption of cement is
reduced. Also the past available literature suggests the efficiency of marble dust powder in
concrete as partial replacement of cement.

PROPOSAL FOR CURRENT STUDY

To marble dust as a replacement of cement in concrete mix, the introduction of steel fibres at
random will be included in this study. The main and prime reason for this is to enhance the
tensile and flexural strength of standard concrete to be used in various RCC works and if the
aim is achieved, it may lead to lesser consumption of steel in concrete making it economical
with crack bridging mechanism. Fibres in the past have proved to be efficient in attaining above
goals with enhanced compressive strength and split tensile strength providing added
advantages. The past literature is rich with efficiency of fibres to produce good results.

LITERATURE REVIEW

Vaidevi C (2013) has reviewed the use of marbles waste in different percentages
5%,10%,15% and 20% with replacement of cement compared to the total quantity of normal
concrete , with best results attained at 10% replacement at 14 and 28 days for concrete as well
as mortar.
Nutan patel et.al (2013) has investigated that the waste is used for making a marble waste
concrete with the aim to evaluate recovery of natural resources and use marble waste in
making a low cost concrete.

Prof. Veena G. Pathan (2014) Results from their research work that the compressive strength
and tensile strength of normal concrete can be increased significantly up to 10% with a scope
for more durable and consistent concrete with this waste.

F.Gamiero et.al (2013) suggested the use of fine aggregates from the marble industry as
replacement to natural aggregates in structural concrete without compromising the use of
these secondary aggregates to produce an effective concrete.

Singh and Bansal (2015) resulted from their studies that replacement of 12% of cement with
waste marble powder attains maximum compressive and tensile strength for mixed concrete.
The optimum percentage for replacement of marble powder with cement and it is almost 12%
cement.

Chank (2004) suggested that ductility of concrete can be enhanced using steel fibres with
application of FRC to tunnel linings, pavements, slabs, shotcrete, airport pavements and bridge
deck slab repairs. FRC can also be used to produce roller compacted concrete (RCC) but beyond
1% by weight of concrete, these supplements proved to be uneconomical.

Patric(1999) presented a study on benefits of using steel fibres reinforced concrete with
hooked end steel fibers of length 31mm , dia 0.50mm and aspect ratio – 60 at a volume fraction
of 2% in seismic resistant beam-column joints , providing added ductility at these joints with
hoop spacing increased by 50% at such joint with better efficiency and resistance to cyclic loads
at the joint , helping cost saving also.
TESTS TO BE PERFORMED FOR CUBES, CYLINDERS AND BEAMS
( TO CONTROL AS WELL AS MIXED CONCRETE)

1) Compression strength test


2) Split tensile strength
3) Flexural strength test

VARIATION / DOSE FOR THE PROPOSED STUDY

The steel fibres are to be placed randomly to avoid parallel planes of failure. The tests will be
conducted as per the dose given below:-

Table1: Proposed Variation for The Study In Line


S.NO CEMENT(%) MARBLE DUST POWDER (%) STEEL FIBERS
(CEMENT IN CONCRETE) (PARTIAL REPLACEMENT) (SUPPLEMENTS )
1. 100% 0 0
2. 95% 5% 0
3. 95% 5% 0.5%
4. 95% 5% 1%
5. 95% 5% 1.5%
6. 90% 10% 0%
7. 90% 10% 0.5%
8. 90% 10% 1%
9. 90% 10% 1.5%
10. 85% 15% 0%
11. 85% 15% 0.5%
12. 85% 15% 1%
13. 85% 15% 1.5%
14. 80% 20% 0%
15. 80% 20% 0.5%
16. 80% 20% 1%
17. 80% 20% 1.5%

NOTE:- In case the desired results at optimum are not achieved, then minerals/additives may
be introduced on later stages.
Hence, the 17 proposed variations/combinations suggest that the experimental scheme may
comprise of compressive strength tests at 7 and 28 days requiring (51 + 51 = 102)cube
specimens of 150 X 150 X 150mm size to be cast, cylindrical specimens each with 150 X 300mm
height at 7 and 28 days testing requiring (51 + 51 = 102) to be cast for split tensile strength and
(51 + 51 = 102) beam prisms of size 100 X 100 X 500mm to be cast for finding flexural strength.

OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT

The main objective of the project is to use waste material such as Marble dust powder and waste
steel fibres to improve the properties of standard concrete and hence to find the optimum
variation producing best results. Also, being waste materials lesser consumption of natural
resources will be there, leading to sustainable development and goal and may help in curtailing
environmental hazard if good results are attained.