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D5B: POWER TRAIN I EXAMINATION

INSTRUCTOR COPY
D5B: POWER TRAIN I EXAMINATION
Pass mark: 60% Possible points: 60 Time allowed: 1 Hr 15 Min

These comprehensive exams are the questions for the Caterpillar Service Pro Program’s
“Power Train” Skill Sets found in SERV3700. The exams are organized by topic. Some
or all of the questions can be used as a knowledge assessment after the individual has
completed the relevant learning, or as a “test-out” if the individual has demonstrated
knowledge of the topics.

Tests:
1. Introduction to power train systems and basic components 38 points
2. Flywheel clutch 12 points
3. Manual shift transmissions 10 points

1: Introduction To power train Systems AND basic Components


Directions: Fill in the blanks or circle the best answer.

1. List four purposes of the power train. (4)


1.) Connect and disconnect power from the engine to the drive wheel(s)
2.) Modify speed and torque
3.) Provide a means for reverse
4.) Equalize power distribution to the drive wheels (enables the vehicle to
turn)

2. Work = _______ x Distance (1)


a. Pressure
b. Power
c. Force
d. Torque

3. Match each component with the type of power train that uses the component. (5)
(Note: A component can be used in more than one type of power train.)
Component Power Train
a Differential a. Mechanical drive
b Hydraulic Motor b. Hydrostatic drive
a,b Final Drive
a,b Engine
b Hoses

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D5B: POWER TRAIN I EXAMINATION
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4. Which type of drive provides no slippage, can handle high loads, and allows (1)
distance between the drive shaft and the driven shaft?
a. Gear
b. Friction
c. Fluid
d. Chain

5. Torque Converters are an example of which type of drive? (1)


a. Fluid
b. Friction
c. Mechanical
d. Chain

6. This gear is actually a screw. (1)


a. Herringbone
b. Hypoid
c. Worm
d. Spur

7. This gear is used in slow speed applications because it is noisy. (1)


a. Spiral bevel
b. Straight spur
c. Herringbone
d. Rack and pinion

8 Backlash is the clearance that allows a slight backward movement of the gears. (1)

9. Driving a large gear with a small gear results in a torque advantage. (1)

10. A bull gear final drive is an example of a countershaft gear drive. (1)

11. Which of the following gear drives does not allow power to "turn a corner?" (1)
a. Planetary
b. Rack and Pinion
c. Bevel and Pinion
d. Worm

12. List four components of a planetary set. (4)


1.) Sun Gear 2.) Ring Gear 3.) Planetary Gear 4.) Planetary Carrier

13. In a bevel and pinion set, which gear is the larger gear? (1)
Bevel Gear

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D5B: POWER TRAIN I EXAMINATION
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14. Which type of gear drive allows a high gear reduction in a small area? (1)
a. Countershaft
b. Rack and Pinion
c. Planetary
d. Worm
15. A hydraulic motor changes hydraulic energy into mechanical energy. (1)
16. In an impeller/turbine system, the driven member is the turbine. (1)
17. What type of gear changes the direction of the driven gear so it turns the (1)
same direction as the drive gear?
a. Idler gear
b. Bevel Gear
c. Pinion Gear
d. Worm
18. Which component connects the power to the wheels or tracks? (1)
a. Coupling
b. Differential
c. Final drive
d. Transmission

19. A large gear and a small gear are shown in the above graphic. What is (1)
the small gear called?
Pinion

20. The drive gear in the above graphic is turning clockwise. In what direction (1)
is the driven gear turning?
Counterclockwise

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D5B: POWER TRAIN I EXAMINATION
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21. In the above graphic, if gear 1 is turning at 100 RPM (revolutions per (1)
minute), at what speed will gear 2 turn?
50 RPM

22. Gear 3? (1)


100 RPM

23. In what direction will gear 3 turn? (1)


Clockwise

24. In the above graphic, which gear set will deliver the most torque: 1 or 2? (1)
1

25. The highest speed? (1)


2

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D5B: POWER TRAIN I EXAMINATION
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26. In the above graphic, when gear 1 makes 1 turn, how many turns will gear (1)
2 make?
2

27. The gear ratio is 1:2. (1)

28. In the above graphic, identify the type of gear shown by tooth pattern. (1)
Spur

2: Flywheel Clutch
Directions: Circle the best answer for each question or fill in the blank.
1. The flywheel clutch is used with manual shift transmissions. (1)

2. What is the purpose of a flywheel clutch? (1)


Connect and disconnect the power between the engine and transmission

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D5B: POWER TRAIN I EXAMINATION
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3. The driving disc in the dry clutch is splined to the: (1)
a. shaft
b. engine flywheel
c. front pressure plate
d. brake drum

4. The cam link mechanism on the dry clutch is moved back and forth by the: (1)
a. front pressure plate
b. yoke and sliding collar
c. relief springs
d. rear pressure plate

5. A driving assembly, a driven assembly, and an actuating assembly are all (1)
found on:
a. the dry clutch
b. the oil clutch
c. both dry and oil clutches
d. neither dry or oil clutches

6. Why is a brake drum located on the end of the shaft of the flywheel clutch? (1)
To stop the shaft and allow shifting

7. The controls in the cab move the: (1)


a. actuating collar
b. driving disc
c. brake drum
d. flywheel

8. Oil flowing through an oil clutch does which of the following? (1)
a. Cools the clutch parts
b. Lubricates the clutch parts
c. Aids in engaging plates and discs
d. All of the above

9. A wet clutch has _______________ discs compared to a dry clutch. (1)


a. less
b. more
c. the same amount of

10. The ______________________ snaps overcenter to hold the flywheel clutch (1)
engaged.
a. actuating collar
b. control linkage
c. cam link or roller

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D5B: POWER TRAIN I EXAMINATION
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11. Why are springs located between the two pressure plates in the flywheel (1)
clutch?
To push the plates and discs apart when the clutch is released.

12. What component is the arrow pointing to in the above illustration? (1)
Actuating collar

3: Manual Shift Transmissions


Directions: Circle the best answer for each question or fill in the blank.

1. The sliding gear transmission typically contains _______ gears. (1)


a. helical
b. worm
c. bevel
d. spur

2. The collar shift transmission typically contains ____________gears. (1)


a. helical
b. worm
c. bevel
d. spur

3. Sliding gear transmissions and sliding collar transmissions use a flywheel (1)
clutch as a coupling. Why?
The shafts must stop to slide the gear or the collar

4. The driven gears of a sliding gear transmission are: (1)


a. rotating on sleeves
b. splined to the shaft
c. splined to clutches

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D5B: POWER TRAIN I EXAMINATION
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5. The driven gears of a collar shift transmission are: (1)
a. rotating on sleeves
b. splined to the shaft
c. splined to clutches

6. What type of synchronizer is used in some Caterpillar Backhoe Loaders? (1)


a. Block
b. Disc and Plate
c. Plain
d. Pin

7. What is the purpose of a synchronizer? (1)


Match the speed of the input to the output without stopping the input shaft

8. The gears in countershaft transmissions are constantly in mesh. (1)


a. True
b. False

9. What is the purpose of a countershaft? (1)


Transfers power from the input shaft to the output shaft

10. In sliding gear, collar shift, and synchromesh transmissions, the gears or (1)
collars are moved by means of a shifter fork, which fits in a groove in the
collar or gear.

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