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1 FLOOD LOADING (ASCE 7-10, CHAPTER 5 + FEMA 259)

Flood Loads: The project Structural Engineer shall determine flood elevations based on published FIRM maps but
the flood elevation shall not be taken lower than the PROGRAM flood elevation due to global warming
(per SDC)
rising seawater.
The PROGRAM has established a Base Flood elevation of 10.00 ---- (FIRM MAP 12086C612L)
SDWWTP sea level rise / storm surge design elevation: EL 19.0 ---- (DFE – Design Flood Elevation)

Coastal zone – AE (See the attached FIRM MAP) ___ (FIRM MAP 12086C612L)
Base flood elevation (BFE) – 10.00 ___ (SDC / Page 2 of 5)
Ground elevation, G – 13.88 ___ (#DWG S-2)
Design Flood Elevation (Storm Surge), – 19.00 (At Global Warming Rising Seawater) ___ (See above)

Hence, further using the DFE as critical flood elevation for load calculations. DFE = BFE + Freeboard

The updated BFE1 = DFE – 1ft freeboard


= 19.00 – 1 ft = 18.00
∴ Local still water depth (ds),
ds = 0.65(BFE1 – G) = 0.65(18 - 13.88) ___ (Eq. 5.4-3)
ds = -2.678-ft
∴ Water depth (ds) during storm surge condition,
ds = storm surge design EL – Ground EL = 19.00 – 13.88
ds = 5.12-ft


a) Breaking wave loads on CMU walls (space behind the vertical wall is dry),
Net wave force, Pmax = Cp w ds + 1.2w ds = -0.71-ksf ___ (Eq. 5.4-4)
Ft = 1.1 Cp w ds + 2.4w ds
2 2

Fd = 2.41 kip per unit length of structure, acting at still water level
w.salt water = 64-pcf (Sea water)
Cp = 3.2 (Table 5.4-1, Risk C.-III)
F1 = (1.1 x 3.2 + 2.4) x 0.064 x 2.552.

b) Breaking wave loads on concrete column,


Net wave force, Ft =1.1 Cp w ds2 + 1.9 w ds2 ___ (Eq. 5.4-7)
w.salt water = 64-pcf (Sea water)
Cp = 3.2 (Table 5.4-1, Risk C.-III)
F1 = (1.1 x 3.2 + 1.9) x 0.064 x 2.275
Fd = 0.789 kip per unit length of structure, acting at still water level.

Note: Use 1.5Fa for ASD load combinations and 2Fa for LRFD combinations. (ASCE 7-10, CL2.3.3 & 2.4.2)