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DIESEL ENGINE DRIVE

20-53

11.3.2.4.3.4* A recirculation duct shall be permitted for cold weather operation provided that the following requirements are met:

(1)

The recirculation airflow shall be regulated by a thermo-

(2)

statically controlled damper. The control damper shall fully close in a failure mode.

(3) The recirculated air shall be ducted to prevent direct

(4)

recirculation to the radiator. The recirculation duct shall not cause the temperature at

is open, and not exhaust air from the room.

(5)

the combustion air cleaner inlet to rise above l 20°F (49°C) . The bypass shall be installed in such a way as to supply air

to the room when needed and when the control damper

11.4

Fuel Supply and Arrangement.

11.4.1

11.4.1.1 Plan Review. Before any fuel system is installed, plans

shall be prepared and submitted to the authority having juris- diction for agreement on suitability of the system for prevailing conditions.

General.

11.4.1.2* Fuel Supply Tank.

11.4.1.2.1 The

supply

fuel

tank

and

fuel

shall

be

reserved

exclusively for the fire pump diesel engine.

11.4.1.2.2

There shall be a separate fuel supply tank for each

engine.

11.4.1.2.3

There shall be a separate fuel supply and return line

for each engine.

11.4.1.3 Fuel Supply Tank Capacity.

11.4.1.3.1* Fuel supply tank(s) shall have a capacity at least equal to 1 gal per hp (5.07 L per kW), plus 5 percent volume for expansion and 5 percent volume for sump.

11.4.1.3.2 Whether larger-capacity fuel supply tanks are

required shall be determined by prevailing conditions, such as refill cycle and fuel heating due to recirculation, and shall be subject to special conditions in each case.

11.4.1.4 Tank Construction.

11.4.1.4.1 Tanks shall be single wall or double wall and shall be

designed and constructed in accordance with recognized engi-

neering standards such as ANSI/UL 142 , Standard for Steel

Aboveground Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids.

11.4.1.4.2

Tanks shall be securely mounted on noncombustible

supports.

11.4.1.4.3

Tanks

used

in

accordance

with

the

rules

of this

standard shall be limited in size to 1320 gal (4996 L).

11.4.1.4.3.1 For situations where fuel tanks in excess of 1320 gal (4996 L) are being used, the requirements ofNFPA 37 shall apply.

11.4.1.4.4 Single-wall fuel tanks shall be enclosed with a wall,

curb, or dike sufficient to hold the entire capacity of the tank.

11.4.1.5 Tank Connections.

11.4.1.5.1 Each tank shall have a fill connection.

11.4.1.5.1.1 Fill pipes that enter the top of the tank shall termi-

nate within 6 in. (152 mm) of the bottom of the tank and shall

be installed or arranged so that vibration is minimized.

11.4.1.5.2 Each tank shall have a drain connection.

11.4.1.5.2.1 A drain connection located in the lowest point of

the tank shall be 1 in. (25 mm) NPT.

11.4.1.5.3 Each tank shall have a vent connection.

11.4.1.5.3.1 Normal vents shall be 2 in. (50 mm) NPT or sized

in accordance with ANSI/UL 142, Standard for Steel Aboveground

Tanks for Flammable and Combustible Liquids, or other approved

standards.

(A) As an alternative to the requirement in 11.4.1.2.5.3.1, the normal vent shall be at least as large as the largest filling or withdrawal connection, but in no case shall it be less than 1 ~ in. (32 mm) nominal inside diameter.

11.4.1.5.4 Each tank shall have an engine supply connection.

11.4.1.5.4.1 The fuel supply pipe connection shall be located

on a side of the tank.

11.4.1.5.4.2 The engine fuel supply (suction) pipe connection

shall be located on the tank so that 5 percent of the tank

volume provides a sump volume not usable by the engine.

11.4.1.5.4.3 The tank connection shall be no smaller than the

fuel supply piping to the engine.

11.4.1.5.5 Each tank shall have an engine return connection.

11.4.1.5.5.1 The tank connection shall be no smaller than the

fuel return piping from the engine.

11.4.1.5.6 Each tank shall have a fuel level switch connection.

11.4.1.5.6.1 The fuel tank shall have one 2 in. (50.8 mm) NPT

threaded port in the top, near the center, of the tank to accom- modate the low fuel level switch required in 11.4.2.6.

maintenance

return connection.

11.4.1.5.7.1 The fuel tank shall have one minimum 1 in.

(25.4 mm) NPT threaded port in the top of the tank to accom- modate the connection of a line for the return fuel from an active fuel maintenance system.

11.4.1.5.7.2 Where there is not an active fuel system installed,

a plug shall be installed in this connection.

11.4.1.5.8 If a double-wall tank is installed, the interstitial

space between the shells of the diesel fuel storage tank shall be monitored for leakage and annunciated by the engine drive controller. The signal shall be of the supervisory type.

11.4.1.5.7 Each

tank shall have an

active

fuel

11.4.1.6 Vent Piping.

11.4.1.6.1 Vent piping shall be arranged so that the vapors are

discharged upward or horizontally away from adjacent walls and will not be trapped by eaves or other obstructions.

(1.5 m) from

building openings.

11.4.1.6.3 Outlets shall terminate at least 12 ft (3.7 m) above

the finished ground level.

11.4.1.6.2 Outlets shall terminate at least 5 ft

2016 Edition