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GRE Formula Sheet

®
Use this sheet to help you remember your math content.

Triangles b° Angles c° d°
l1
x + y + z = 180° (interior angles) y° d° c°

a + b + c = 360° (exterior angles)



a = y + z; b = x + z; c = x + y height a° a°

1 c° d°
Area = × base × height l2
2 d° c°
Sum of any two sides > third side a° x° z°

Third side > difference of any two sides a + b = 180 l1 ║ l2
base

Right Triangles Side Ratios Circles


A B
(Pythagorean Triples)
3:4:5
5:12:13 C
d n°
60° 7:24:25 r O
c
a 8:15:17
Equilateral 9:40:41
b d = 2r n Arc ABC Area of sector OABC
a2 + b2 = c2 = =
c = 2πr or πd 360 Circum. Area of circle O
A = πr2
45°
x √2 360° around
x 60° 2x

x
45° 30° Order or Operations FOIL
Isosceles x x √3 PEMDAS — Parentheses, Exponents, First, Outer, Inner, Last
Multiplication and Division, (a + b)(c + d) = ac + ad + bc + bd
Addition and Subtraction

Quadrilaterals Sum of interior angles = 360° Other Formulas and Things to Know
Distance Sum of the terms Total Distance Quantity of A
Speed = Average = Average Speed = Rate =
Time Number of terms Total Time Quantity of B

w New Amount – Original Amount Original Amount – New Amount


% Increase = × 100% % Decrease = × 100%
Original Amount Original Amount

s l
A = s2 A = lw Exponent Rules Radical Rules Number Properties
a b = ab 0 is an even integer.
b1 (x) (x) = x2 (xa)b = xab 1 is not prime.
a a
1 xa = 2 is the lowest prime number and the
x –a = a = xa – b b b
x xb only even prime number.
h h a c + b c = (a + b) c
x0 = 1 (negative)odd = negative Mode: the most common
a+ b= a+b number(s) in a set
x x =x
a b a+b
(negative) even
= positive
b b2 ( a )2 = a Median: the middle term in a set of
ascending or descending
1
A = bh A = (b1 + b2 )h numbers; when the set has
2
Miscellaneous Work Formula an even number of
ab + ac = a(b + c) a+b a b ab numbers, the average of
= + T= the two middle terms
c c c a+b
Uniform Solids Only (odd)×(odd) and (odd) ± (even)
x% of y = y% of x | –x | = | x | yield odd numbers.
r
h
h
Coordinate Plane
w In the xy-plane, the y-axis is vertical, and the x-axis is horizontal.
l y2 – y1
Standard form of a line: y = mx + b rise
V = πr2h V = lwh
(where m is the slope, and b is the y-intercept)
Slope =
run
=
x2 – x1
SA = 2πr2+ 2πrh SA = 2(lw + lh + wh)

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