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Name: _________________________ Date: _____________________

Yr. & Section: ___________________ Score: ____________________


Activity 2. Matter Classification

1. Fill in the Blanks. All matter can be classified as either a 1. _______________2. ______________.
Your answer in number (1) can be divided into 3.________________ and 4. ___________________.
Your answer in number (2) can also be divided into 5.____________ and 6. ____________________.

2. Complete the concept below on the classification of matter.

Matter

1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6.

Oxygen Carbon Dioxide Dirt

Lemonade

3. Classify each of the following as either substance or mixture. If it is a pure substance, write element
or compound in the appropriate column. If it is a mixture, write heterogeneous or homogeneous in the
appropriate column. Be ready to defend your answer.

Type of matter Pure Substance Mixture(s)


Chlorine (Cl2)
Water (H2O)
Lucky Charms
Salt water
Nitrogen (N2)
Salt (NaCl)
Rocky road ice cream
Rubbing Alcohol
Pure air
Iron (Fe)

4. Label each substance listed below as an element (E), compound (C), heterogeneous mixture (He),
or homogeneous mixture (Ho)
1. _______ Barium (Ba) 9. _______ Baking Soda (NaHCO3)
2. _______ Carbon Monoxide (CO) 10. _______ Jelly with fruits
3. _______ Soil 11. _______ Gold (Ag)
4. _______ Kool-Aid 12. _______ Milk
5. _______ Brass (CuZn) 13. _______ Sand
6. _______ Air 14. _______ Orange juice w/o pulp
7. _______ Vegetable soup 15. _______ Orange juice w/pulp
8. _______ Carbon (C)
Physical vs. Chemical Changes
Background Information:
- In a physical change, the original substance still exists. It has only changed in form.
- In a chemical change, a new substance is produced. Energy changes always accompany
chemical changes.

Directions:
Classify the following as being a physical (P) or chemical (C) change.

_____ 1. Sodium hydroxide dissolves in water.

_____ 2. Hydrochloric acid reacts with potassium hydroxide to produce a


salt, water, and heat.

_____ 3. A pellet of sodium is sliced in two.

_____ 4. Water is heated and changed to steam.

_____ 5. Potassium chlorate decomposes to potassium chloride and oxygen gas.

_____ 6. Iron rusts.

_____ 7. When place in water, a sodium pellet catches on fire as hydrogen gas is liberated.

_____ 8. Evaporation of alcohol.

_____ 9. Ice melting.

_____ 10. Milk sours.

_____ 11. Sugar dissolves in water.

_____ 12. Wood rots.

_____ 13. Pancakes cooking on a griddle.

_____ 14. Grass growing in a lawn.

_____ 15. A tire is inflated with air.

_____ 16. Food is digested in the stomach.

_____ 17. Water is absorbed by a paper towel.

______18. Grinding coffee beans

______19. Shredding up your homework (please DO NOT do this)


______20. Baking chocolate chip cookies.
Name:_________________
Matter Classification
Worksheet
All matter can be classified as either a substance or mixture. A substance is an element or a
compound. A mixture is heterogeneous or homogeneous.

Matter

Substance Mixtures

Element Compound Homogeneous Heterogeneous


(Solution)

Oxygen Carbon Dioxide Dirt

Lemonade

Classify each of the following as either substance or mixture. If it is a substance, write


element or compound in the appropriate column. If it is a mixture, write heterogeneous
or homogeneous in the appropriate column. Be ready to defend your answer!!!

Type of matter Substance Mixture


Chlorine (Cl2)
Water (H2O)
Lucky Charms
Salt water
Nitrogen (N2)
Salt (NaCl)
Rocky road ice cream
Rubbing Alcohol
Pure air
Iron (Fe)

Label each substance listed below as an element (E), compound (C), heterogeneous mixture (He), or
homogeneous mixture (Ho)
1. _______ Barium (Ba) 9. _______ Baking Soda (NaHCO3)
2. _______ Carbon Monoxide (CO) 10. _______ Jello with fruit
3. _______ Soil 11. _______ Gold (Ag)
4. _______ Kool-Aid 12. _______ Milk
5. _______ Brass (CuZn) 13. _______ Sand
6. ________ Air 14. _______ Orange juice w/o pulp
7. _______ Vegetable soup 15. _______ Orange juice w/pulp
8. _______ Carbon (C)
Name:

Physical vs. Chemical Changes


Background Information:
- In a physical change, the original substance still exists. It has only changed in form.
- In a chemical change, a new substance is produced. Energy changes always accompany
chemical changes.

Directions:
Classify the following as being a physical (P) or chemical (C) change.

_____ 1. Sodium hydroxide dissolves in water.

_____ 2. Hydrochloric acid reacts with potassium hydroxide to produce a


salt, water, and heat.

_____ 3. A pellet of sodium is sliced in two.

_____ 4. Water is heated and changed to steam.

_____ 5. Potassium chlorate decomposes to potassium chloride and oxygen gas.

_____ 6. Iron rusts.

_____ 7. When place in water, a sodium pellet catches on fire as hydrogen gas is liberated.

_____ 8. Evaporation of alcohol.

_____ 9. Ice melting.

_____ 10. Milk sours.

_____ 11. Sugar dissolves in water.

_____ 12. Wood rots.

_____ 13. Pancakes cooking on a griddle.

_____ 14. Grass growing in a lawn.

_____ 15. A tire is inflated with air.

_____ 16. Food is digested in the stomach.

_____ 17. Water is absorbed by a paper towel.

______18. Grinding coffee beans

______19. Shredding up your homework (please DO NOT do this)


______20. Baking chocolate chip cookies.