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Index

Page numbers followed by f refer to figure and fc refer to flow chart.

A Abundant callus, formation of 710f fulminans 1053


Abundant pale cytoplasm 1204f pathogenesis of 1053f
Aaron’s sign 853, 892 Acalabrutinib 368 resistant 1053
Abacavir 302 Acamprosate 1109 rosacea 1053
Abadie’s sign 853 Acanthamoeba keratitis 550, 550f venenata 1053
Abadie’s symptom 853 Acanthocytosis 588 vulgaris 1052
Abatacept 329 Acantholysis 1039, 1074 Acneiform scars 1080
Abbe-Estlander flap 657 primary 1039 Aconite 531
Abbernethy’s oblique iliac incision 893 secondary 1039 Acoustic neuroma 636, 1160
ABC transporters 129 Acanthosis 1038, 1041, 1046 Acoustic reflex 619
Abciximab 315, 346 nigricans 1067 Acquired via inhalation of spores 274
Abderhalden reaction 853 Accidental intra-arterial thiopentone Acrodermatitis enteropathica 1063
Abdomen 72 injection 1139 Acrodynia 529f
blood vessels of 93 Accordion sign 1185 Acromegaly large hands 835f
computed tomography scan of 1161 Acellular pertussis vaccine 258 Acromioclavicular joint 31
main veins of 95 Acetaldehyde 1109 Acrosome 133
plain X-ray 1207f Acetaminophen 527 Actin deficiency 406
planes of 72 poisoning 328 Actinobacillus 1080
Abdominal aorta 94 Acetazolamide 193, 570 Actinomyces 262, 1080
branches of 94 sun-ray appearance of 263f
Acetowhite epithelium 1027
Abdominal rectopexy 889 Actinomycetes 1078
Acetylcholinesterase inhibitor 784
Abdominal sling operations 1012 Actinomycetoma 275
Achalasia 878
Abdominal wall Actinomycin 424, 1034
cardia 878f
anterior 72, 73 Acyclovir 354, 1085
Achievement tests 1119
fascia of anterior 72 Adalimumab 315
Achilles tendonitis 718
Adam’s test 868
infections 875 Achondroplasia 1165, 1166f
Adamantinoma 657
muscles, actions of anterior 73 Acid Adamson’s fringe 1080
Abdominopelvic cavity 74f base disturbance 1152 Adapalene 1053
Abdominovaginal bimanual method 975 cycle, lactic 209 Addis count 854
Abducens nerve palsy 799 diuresis 525 Addison’s disease 845, 868, 1066
Abelin reaction 854 elution test 522 Addisonian crisis 845
Abemaciclib 368 fast Adductor canal 56
Aberrant renal vessels 903 eggs 282 Adductor longus 55f
Aberrations 538 parasites 277 Adductor pollicis muscle
Abetalipoproteinemia 588, 772, 866 staining 234 insertion of 1201f
Abiraterone cabozantinib 952 phosphatase 133 origin of 1201f
Abortion 982 secretion 324 Adenocarcinoma 933, 946, 951, 1025, 1029
etiology of 982 Acidic urine 1211f Adenohypophysis 6
threatened 982 Acidosis 404 Adenoid cystic carcinoma 958, 962
Abram’s pleural biopsy needle 811f lactic 302 Adenoid hypertrophy 647
Abrasion, age of 508 Acini, types of 18f Adenolymphoma 958
Abruptio placentae 985 Acitretin 1051 Adenoma
classification of 986 Acne pituitary 834, 955
Abrus precatorius 531, 1111 agminata 1053 pleomorphic 958f, 962
Absorption, sites of 173 conglobata 1053 sebaceum 789f
I-2 Sure Success MAGIC

Adenomatous polyps, nonfamilial 947 AIDS 295 Aliskiren 331


Adenomyomatosis 899, 1158f awareness symbol - red ribbon 487f Alkali secreting gastric antrum 883
Adenomyosis 1018 neuropathy 388 Alkaline phosphatase 221, 387, 745, 937
Adenopathy, mediastinal 414 respiratory system 298 placental 937
Adenosine Ailurophobia 1100 serum 387
deaminase deficiency 361 Air 1133 Alkaline urine 1212f
derivatives 222 bronchogram 1174 Alkaptonuria 193, 1167
Adenovirus 268 crescent sign 1184 triad 865
Adherent leukoma 549f embolism 385, 1132 Allantoic culture 267
Adhesion molecules 380 diagnosis of 1132 Alleles 436
Adhesive capsulitis 718 embolus, fluid 1152 Allen’s test 854
Adiana 991 fluid level 1175 Allergic
Adie’s pupil 792, 854 multiple 1207f bronchopulmonary aspergillosis 275
Adipocere 505 Airway contact dermatitis 1048
formation 517 assessment 1122 reactions hypotension 763
Adipose tissue 20 basics of 156 Allis’ forceps 1035
Adjustment disorders 1121 hyper-responsiveness 804 Allis’ sign 732f
Adolescent resistance 157 Allodynia 790
coxa vara 866 Akinesia 1113 Allogenic stem cell transplantation 411
kyphosis 866 Alanine 188 Alloimmunization 1152
Ado-trastuzumab emtansine 366 beta 188 Allosteric regulation 185
Adrenal 1175 Alar lamina 13 Alopecia 1051
arterial supply of 843 Albendazole 355 areata 1039, 1051, 1067, 1078
calcification 1180 Alcock’s canal 93 multiple patches of 1052f
gland 842 Alcohol 235, 1089, 1213 non-scarring 1051
development of 842 abuse 1091 scarring 1051
hyperplasias, congenital 691 breath tests 522 totalis 1051
medullary cells 322 dehydrogenase 221 Alpha blockers 331
metastases 846, 1175 method 1109 Alport syndrome 823
neuroblastoma, left-sided 696f intoxication, acute 1109 triad of 866
scan 1198 metabolism of 1108 Alprazolam 1115
sex hormones, synthesis of 847f testing for 1109 Altemeier’s operation 922
Adrenalectomy, left-sided 696f withdrawal 1108 Altemeier’s procedure 889, 1219
Adrenaline 321 symptoms 1109 Alteplase 763
synthesis of 322 Alcoholic Altruistic surrogacy 523
Adrenergic agonists, alpha 339 anonymous 1109, 1118 Aluminium
Adrenergic system 321 cirrhosis 817 paint 258
Adrenocortical carcinoma 846, 932 formalin 393 phosphide 531
Adrenoleukodystrophy, X-linked 361 liver disease 898 poisoning 534
Adriamycin 417 Aldehyde 235 Alvarado scoring system 892
Adson’s sign 854 dehydrogenase 1108 Alveolar
Aedes 450, 451f inhibitor 1109 concentration, minimum 1140
Aero otitis media 630 test 189 pressure 157
Aerobic diphtheroid 1056 Alder Reilly anomaly 410 process 1174
Aerobic glycolysis 207, 931 Aldoses 203 proteinosis, pulmonary 681
Aerobic gram-negative infections 349 Aldosterone Alveolaris 281
Aerosol transmission 261 antagonists 867 Alvimopan 339
Afferent loop syndromes 883 receptor Alzheimer’s dementia
Aflatoxin 936 antagonist 344 drugs for 343
Aflibercept 589 blockers 330 treatment of 1090
Ag-Ab complex 306 secretion, regulation of 844f Alzheimer’s disease 388, 1119, 1223
Agammaglobulinemia 772 synthesis of 843, 843f Amantadine 343, 354, 368, 782
X-linked 935 Alemtuzumab 315, 365 Ambient light 1129
Agar agar or agar 237 Alert line, concept of 977 Ambler classification 240
Agger nasi cells 639 Alexander’s law 854 Amblyopia 600
Aggravating factors 1042 Alexithymia 1112 classification of 600
Agnes hunt traction 712 Alfentanil 1146 toxic 601
Agoraphobia 1100, 1101 Algor mortis 503 Ambrisentan 760
Agricultural poisons 531 Alimentary tract 1161 Amebic liver abscesses 289, 897
Index I-3

Ameloblastoma 657 Amputations, types of 744f Anencephaly 14f


Amenorrhea 1006, 1016 Amsel criteria 1010 ultrasound of 973
lactational 989 Amsorb plus 1135 Anesthesia 1131, 1146
primary 1006, 1007 Amyand hernia 893, 896 basal 1153
secondary 1006 Amygdala 181, 1112 bulbar 1153
short period of 1015 Amyl nitrate 1111 dolorosa 1153
American Academy of Pediatrics 668 inhalation 878 electric 1153
American Heart Association Amyloid epidural 1138
Revision of Jones Criteria 678 light chain 1219 general 1154
American Psychiatric Association 1086 protein 386 Gwathmey’s 1153
American Society of Anesthesiologists 1130 Amyloidosis 386, 772, 822, 833 history of 1122
Ames test 389, 931 diagnosis of 387 hysterical 1153
Amidase enzyme 246 primary 1065 intratracheal 1153
Amifostine 367, 1195 Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 324, 783 intravenous regional 1138
Amikacin 337 Anabolic steroids 357 local 559
Amine oxidases 852 Anaerobic machine 1133
Amino acid 186, 222, 1227 glycolysis 207 continuous flow 1134f
activation 225 organisms 228 mixed 1153
basics of 186 Anagen 1051 monitoring depth of 1130
classification of 186 effluvium 1052 neuraxial 1138
color reactions of 189 Anal neuroleptic 1153
dissociation of 186 canal 82, 82f open 1153
metabolism 190 cancers 268 pudendal 1153
phenylalanine 322 fissure 890 rectal 1153
Aminoaciduria, neutral 194 refrigeration 1153
fistula, types of 1219
Aminoglutethimide 952
sphincters 83 regional 559
Aminoglycosides 337, 348, 350, 1154
Analgesia saddle block 1153
plus 262
adequate 927 segmental 1153
toxicity of 350
obstetric 1145 spinal 1136, 1138
Amiodarone toxicity 333
stage of 1130 splanchnic 1154
Amitriptyline 1056, 1114
Analgesic abuse, complications of 826 stages of 1130
Ammonia
Anaplasia 931 total spinal 1137
removal of 192
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase 868 tumescent 1154
transport of 191
Anaplerotic reaction 213 types of 1153
Ammonium urate 1213
Anastrozole 1018 Anesthetic
stones 906
Anchovy paste pus 897 agents, basics of 1145
Amnesia, retrograde 1118
Amniocentesis 427 Ancylostoma duodenale 276 breathing systems 1134
serial 966 egg of 279f circuits 1134
Amnioinfusion 966 Ancylostomiasis 455 general 1139
Amniotic fluid 965 Andersen Tawil syndrome 1217 inhaled 1140
abnormal colors of 965 Anderson triad 865 Aneuploidy 423, 982
assessment of 966 Andersson lesion 1163 Aneurysms 767
embolism 386 Andexanet alfa 345 Angel’s kisses 923
functions of 966 Androblastoma 1030 Angell’s sign 925
indicators 966 Androgen 913, 936, 1006 Angelman syndrome 435
volume 966 ablation 952 Angina 759, 760
Amniotic sac 267 receptor inhibitors 1006 pectoris 769
Amoeboid ulcer 549 Androgenetic alopecia 1051, 1052 prinzmetal 760
Amoxapine 1114 Anembryonic pregnancy 1183 stable 760
Amphetamine 323, 340, 706, 1051, 1110, Anemia 401 treatment of 761
1111 degree of 399 unstable 760
psychosis 1110 evaluation of 398 Angiodysplasia 886
Amphiarthrosis 24 megaloblastic 282, 402, 403f Angioedema 1038, 1063
Amphipathic molecules 131 microcytic 221 Angiomatosis retinae 789f
Amphixenosis 447 microcytic hypochromic 221, 401, 530 Angiosarcoma 942, 1041
Amphotericin B 353 myelophthisic 408 Angiotensin
Ampicillin resistance 250 pernicious 403, 772 converting enzyme 167fc
Amprenavir 303 severe 1212f inhibitors 331
Ampulla 999 types of 400f neprilysin inhibitor 760
I-4 Sure Success MAGIC

Angle closure, stages of 570 Antibacterial Antiretroviral drugs 301


Anglepoise lamp sign 1093 drugs, actions of 347 adverse effects of 302
Anhidrosis 794 therapy 347 Anti-streptolysin-O 244
Animal inoculation 267 Antibiotics, antitumor 363 Anti-TB drugs, first line 336, 337
Animal prion diseases 790 Antibodies 306 Antithymocyte globulin 316
Anisopoikilocytosis 406f chemotherapy conjugates 366 Antithyroid drugs 357
Anistreplase 763 monoclonal 364 Antitrypsin
Anitschkow myocytes 755 radiolabelled 1195 alpha-1 186
deficiency, alpha-1 1079
Ankle therapeutic 315
Anti-typhoid vaccines 254
brachial pressure index 918 Anticancer drugs 361
Antiviral drugs 354
edema 1067 Anticardiolipin antibodies 988
Antoni B tissue 389
joint 51, 52 Anticholinergic 343
Antral follicle count test 1023
lateral ligament of 51 drugs 321 Antrochoanal polyps 641
relations of 51 dry mouth 1114 Anus
ligaments of 730 Anti-cholinesterase poisoning 321 cancer of 949
sprains 730 Anticoagulant 345, 706 conditions of 889
Ankyloblepharon 601 and antiplatelet drugs, uses of 347 Anxiety 1119
Ankylosing spondylitis 747, 832, 1163 drugs 345 disorders 1100, 1121
Ann Arbor staging 416 Anti-craving agents 1109 Aoki’s formula 970
Anogenital warts 1056 Antidepressants 1114 Aorta 93
Anomers 205 classification of 1114 ascending 768f
Anopheles 451f Anti-desmoglein-3 134 branches of 94
mosquito 463 Antiemetics 338 ascending 93
Anorexia nervosa 1106 Antiepileptics 341, 1131 descending 94
Anovulatory dysfunctional uterine bleeding Antifibrinolytics 347 parts of 93
mechanism of 1015 Antifungal Aortic
treatment of 1015 drugs 353 Aneurysm
abdominal 927, 1213
Anoxic necrobiosis 528 eye drops 548
nephrotic syndrome 422
Ansa nephroni 16 Antigen 254, 306
arches 9
Anteater nose appearance 1186 detection 278
dissections, classification of 768f
Antemortem burns 518 presenting cells 313 opening 67
Antenatal corticosteroids 667 Antiglaucoma drugs 569 regurgitation 756, 987
Antenatal glucocorticoids 967 Anti-HIV root dilatation 988
Antenatal ultrasound 972 agents 301 septal defect 751
Antenna sign 1039 drugs 354 stenosis 749, 756, 771
Antepartum fetal monitoring 970 Antihypertensive 330 transection 926
Anterior chamber drug selection 332 Aortopulmonary window 1176
abnormal contents of 578f Anti-inflammatory agents 1079 Ape thumb deformity 714f
intraocular lens 561f Antimalarial drugs 355 Apergillus 548
Anterograde amnesia 1091, 1118 Antimetabolites 362 Apert’s syndrome 623
Anteromedial bundle tightens 728 Antimicrotubules 363 Apex of lung, relations of 67
Anthralin 1045, 1051, 1079 Antinuclear antibodies 830 Apgar score 661, 854
Anthrax 227 Anti-obesity drugs 340 Aphakia 537
bacilli 257f Anti-Parkinson’s drugs 343, 782 Aphakic eyes 573
pulmonary 257 Antiphospholipid Aphthous ulcer 1214
Anthropology 467 antibodies 988 Aplastic
anemia 407
Anthropozoonosis 447 syndrome 988
crisis 404
Anti-acetylcholine receptor antibodies 784 Anti-platelet 763
Apley’s grinding test 729, 824
Antiadrenergic drugs anticoagulant drugs 346
Apneusis 164
alpha 323 IgG antibodies 420 ApoB inhibitor 334
beta 323 Anti-progesterone 1005 Apocrine miliaria 1076
Antiadrenergic sedation 1114 Antipseudomonal antibiotics 1056 Apolipoproteins 202
Anti-amebic drugs 356 Antipsychotic Apoptosis 374, 375
Anti-androgens 952, 1006 adverse effects of typical 1113 detection of 375
Antianxiety drugs 1115 atypical 1113, 1115 functions of 374
Antiarrhythmic drugs mechanism of 375, 376f
medications 333 classification 1113 morphologic features of 375
side effects 333 neuroleptics 1113 principal mediators of 375
Index I-5

Appendicectomy 893 occlusion, mesenteric 1163 Aspirin 328, 346, 706, 762, 778, 1132
incisions for 893 pulse 749 adverse effects of 328
Appendices epiploicae 81 stenosis 1156 triad 866
Appendicitis 892 thrombi 385 Assman’s focus 807
acute 891, 892f Arteriovenous Asteatotic eczema 1050
signs in 891 fistula 1039 Astemizole 325
Appendix malformation, left occipital 1200f Asteroid bodies 389
duplication of 891 Arteritic aion 798 Asthenozoospermia 1020
mass 893 Arteritis, temporal 831 Asthma 804, 1154
Appetite 606 Artery 42 acute severe 805
suppressing 340 appendicular 891 classification of 682
Applanation tonometers, types of 565 radial 42 drugs for 334
Apple core stenosis, pulmonary 751 medications 1131
appearance 1185 subclavian 10, 768f pathology of 804
lesion 929 umbilical 974 treatment of 805
sign 1189 Arthritides 736 Astigmatism 537
Apple-jelly nodules 1058f Arthritis Astrocytes 6
Apprehension test, positive 720 mutilans 1045 Astrocytoma 933
APT test 406, 1223 psoriatic 1044, 1165 high grade 955
Aqueous humor 217, 564 reactive 832 low grade 955
composition 564 rheumatoid 328, 771, 827, 828, 1167 mulberry-like 789f
outflow 564 septic 738 pilocytic 955
secretion 564 Arthrodesis 712 Atavism 517
Aquino sign 637 Arthropod-borne diseases 449 Ataxia telangiectasia 314, 426, 866, 935
Arachidonic acid metabolites 215f, 326f, 381 Articular cartilage, thinning of 829 Atazanavir 303
Arachnodactyly 1187 Asbestos 936 Atelectasis, rounded 1173, 1222
Arachnoid mater 114 Atheroembolic renal disease 825
associated cancers 868
Arao-Perkins bodies 389 Atherosclerosis 193
bodies 810
Arbekacin 350 Atherosclerotic aneurysms 767
related pleural disease 1173
Arbitrary inference 1091 Athlete’s foot 1068
Asbestosis 810
Arc of Buehler 1185 Athletic pubalgia 896
Asboe-Hansen sign 854
Arc of Riolan 1185 Atlantoaxial subluxation 829, 1167
Ascaris
Arch of aorta, branches of 93 Atlanto-occipital fusion 1167
lumbricoides 276, 285
Arctic hysteria 1118 Atoll sign 1184
unfertilized egg of 279f
Arenavirus 271 Atonic uterus 978
Ascetic syndrome 1119
Areolar connective tissue 19 Atopic dermatitis 1049, 1049f, 1050
Aschheim-Zondek test 854
Argatroban 345 Atractyloside 211
Arginase 191 Aschoff bodies 755, 854, 1203f
Atracurium 1143
Arginine 189, 190 Ascites 817
Atraumatic instability of shoulder 720
supplementation 192 Ascoli thermoprecipitation test 257
Atrial fibrillation 756
Argininosuccinate synthetase 191 Ascomycetes 1068 Atrophic
Argyll Robertson pupils 854, 1083 Ascorbic acid 217, 220 gastritis, chronic 881
Argyria 1067 Aseptic meningitis 1066 papilloedema 796
Aripiprazole 1114 Asfotase alfa 370 rhinitis 640
Aristolochic acid 826 Ash leaf macules 789f, 1080 sinusitis 640
Arlt’s triangle 575 Ashby technique 854 Atrophy 372, 1038
Arm muscles 36 Asherman syndrome 1012 Atropine 321
Arnold’s nerve 125 Ashkenazi jews 194 Attack rates, secondary 448
Aromatase inhibitors 1005, 1018 Askin’s tumor 944, 1225 Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder 1098
Arrhythmias 764 Asoprisnil 1018 Atypia 993
Arsenic 525 Asparaginase 186 Auberger’s blood group 854
antidote 529 Aspartate 190 Audiogram otosclerosis 635f
delays rigor mortis 529 Aspartic acid 189 Audiometric tests 618
fatal dose of 528 Aspartoacylase, deficiency of 194 Audiometry 630
poisoning 528, 528f, 529f Asperger’s syndrome 1098 terminologies 619
trioxide 366 Aspergilloma 275 Auditory
Arterial Aspergillosis 274 canal, external 606, 613, 615
disorders 918 Aspermia 1021 hallucinations 1087, 1092
hemorrhage 885 Asphyxial deaths 506 information 616
hypertension, pulmonary 1172 Aspiration pneumonia 805 system, physiology of 613
I-6 Sure Success MAGIC

Auenbrugger’s sign 854, 921 Azapirones 1116 Baldwing’s test 892


Auer rods 854 Azathioprine 316, 830 Balkan endemic nephropathy 826
Augmented unipolar leads 752 Azithromycin 250, 337, 1081, 1085 Ball and socket joint 26f
Aura 777 Azoles 353 Ball’s sign 1183
Auricle Azoospermia 1020 Ballance’s sign 854, 921
external features of 605f Azotemia, prerenal 819 Ballooning degeneration 1057
sensory nerves of 102f Aztreonam 349 Balthazar score 901
Auscultation, triangle of 751 Azure lunulae 1067 Bamboo spine 1163
Auspitz’s sign 854, 1039, 1043, 1044f Azygos vein 96 Banana
Austin Flint murmur 756, 854 Azzopardi effect 389, 1224 bodies 389
Austin Moore’s prosthesis 726, 726f, 727f fracture 745, 1189
Autism spectrum disorder 1121 sign 973, 1189
B
Autistic disorder 1098 Bancroft’s sign 854
Autistic thinking 1092 B- and T-cell disorders, combined 313 Band keratopathy 552
Autoimmune Babesia 276 Bandl’s ring 981
adrenalitis 868 Babinski sign 854 Bankart’s lesion 720
connective tissue disorders 833 Bachman’s intradermal test 278 Bapat bed shaking test 892
hepatitis 816 Bacillary angiomatosis 299, 386 Bar diagram 442
polyendocrine syndromes 849, 868 Bacillary dysentery 253, 529
Baralyme 1135
Autoinfection, parasites causing 277 Bacillus anthracis 228, 257
Barany noise box 623
Autoinflammatory diseases 867 Bacillus cereus 228, 773
Bárány test 854
Autolysin 246 cereolysin of 243
Barbiturate 1111
Automated culture systems 455 Back pain 1012
blisters 523
Automatism 534 Baclofen 324, 1109
Bardet-Biedl syndrome 589, 826
Autonomic Bacteremia 853
Bare orbit appearance 1182
dysfunction 1089 Bacteria 275
Bariatric surgery 885
dysreflexia 1225 morphology of 230
Barium
nerves of heart 148 physiology of 230
enema 682f, 929, 1201f
nervous system 320 pigment-producing 229
hydroxide 1135
Autophagy 376 shapes of 228
meal 879
Autopsy Bacterial
study 1186f
points 506 capsule 230
cell wall 230 sulfate 1162
techniques 505
inhibition of 348 preparations 1161
Autosomal dominant
corneal ulcers 549 Barlow’s maneuver 854
adult polycystic kidney disease 904f
count 232 Barnett’s sign 1040
polycystic kidney 904
spinocerebellar ataxias 782 division 231 Barnum’s maneuver 981
Autosomal monosomies 423 endocarditis Barr body 436, 497f, 522
Autosomal recessive 429, 623 acute 767f Barrel plate 726f
conditions 430f, 431f subacute 767f, 824, 830 Barrett’s esophagus 879, 880f
disease 404 flora 1080 Barrier methods 989
lysosomal storage disorder 193 genetics 238 Bart hemoglobin 854
polycystic kidney 904 growth 232 Barth’s hernia 896
Autosomal trisomies 423 curve 232, 232f Bartholin’s ducts 997
Autosplenectomy 405 index 1061 Bartolomeo da varignana 522
Avascular necrosis 710, 711, 1197 infection, acute 1055 Bartter and Gitelman syndrome 825
Avelumab 368 keratitis 548 Bartter syndrome 825
Avogadro’s hypothesis 1152 meningitis, causes of 688 Basal
Avogadro’s number 217 overgrowth 883 body temperature 1022
Axilla 43 toxins 231 cell
Axillary ulcer 548f carcinoma 866, 956
artery 41 vaginosis 1010, 1010f degeneration 1046
lymph node 44, 912 Bactericidal drugs 318 ganglia 120
nerve 40 Bacteriological tests 457 calcification 1182
lesion of 40 Bag and mask, self-inflating 703f insulin 358
vein 41, 914 Bagassosis 810 lamina 13
Axis deviations 673, 754 Bainbridge reflex 152, 854 media 237
Axonal injury, diffuse 803, 1223 Bakri balloon 979 metabolic rate 851
Ayre’s spatula 1026, 1026f Balantidium coli 276 skull fracture 1183
Ayurveda system of medicine 443 Balbiani rings 854 signs of 790
Index I-7

Baseball finger 37 Bergman gliosis 1108 Binary fission 231


Basement membrane 1070f Bergman sign 1181 Bing’s sign 855
syndrome 824 Bergonie, law of 1191 Bing’s test 618
Basidiomycetes 1068 Bernoulli’s effect 1153 Binge-eating disorder 1107
Basilar membrane 610 Bernoulli’s principle 153 Binkley’s spots 1055
Basiliximab 315 Bernstein test 878 Binocular diplopia 599
Basophilic stippling 400, 406f, 530f Berry’s aneurysm 781 causes of 599
Bassen-Kornzweig syndrome 588, 866 Berry’s sign 867 Binocular vision, stages of 601
Bassler’s sign 892 Berylliosis 811 Biodegradable implants 992
Bastedo’s sign 892 Beryllium 811 Biological membranes, lipid ratio of 131
Bastian-Bruns sign 854 disease, chronic 811 Biological oxygen demand 458
Bat lymphocyte proliferation test 811 Biomedical waste
ear 628 Bestiality 521 and color coding, categories of 480
disposal 480
wings 1178, 1178f Beta lactamase enzyme, production of 242
management 480
Battered baby syndrome 517 Beta-2 agonists, inhaled 334
Biopsy 951
Battle’s sign 790, 854, 921 Beta-blockers 330, 706, 1051
Biostatistics 438
Battledore placenta 964 Beta-lactam
Biosynthetic apparatus 136
Baylisascaris 285 antibiotics 348, 349 Biot’s respiration 164, 855
Bazex syndrome 1067 ring 348 Bioterrorism 257
Bazin’s disease 1055 Beta-lactamase 348 Biotin 219
B-cell 307 enzymes 240 deficiency, triad of causes of 866
disorders 313 inhibitors 349 Biparietal diameter 972
Beak sign 1185, 1188 Betamethasone dipropionate 1079 Biphasic capnogram 1128, 1128f
Beam radiotherapy, external 1192 Beta-oxidation 200 Bipolar disorder 1089, 1096, 1115
Beanbag cells 389 Beta-pleated sheet 195 Birbeck granules 389
Bear’s claw sign 1188 Beta-thalassemia 405 Bird’s beak sign 1180, 1188
Bear’s paw sign 1188 major 405 Bird-of-prey sign 1180
Beating torture 510 minor 405 Birdshot retinochoroiditis 601
Beau’s lines 854, 1067 Beta-tryptase 1080 Birth
Beck’s triad 766, 854, 865 Bethesda classification system 1026 control 988
Becker’s nevus 1039, 1066, 1066f Betrixaban 368 pills 1131
Becker’s sign 854 Bevacizumab 315, 365, 366, 572, 589, 949 trauma 671
Beclard’s hernia 896 Bexarotene 365 weight, low 703
Bedaquiline 337 Bexarotene gel 1063 Bishop score, modified 977
Bedsores 866 Bezold’s abscess 632 Bismuth Corlette classification 932, 942
Beers-Lambert’s law 1129 Bezold’s triad 865 Bispectral index 1130
Bees, swarm of 1077 Bezold-Jarisch reflex 152, 855 Bisphosphonates 745
Beevor’s sign 854 Bicarbonate system 872 Bithionol 355
Behçet’s disease 830, 831, 1078 Bicondylar joints 25 Bitot’s spot 553f, 855
Behcet’s syndrome, triad of 866 Biconvex lesion 781f Biuret test 190f
Bekesy audiometry 619 Bicornuate uterus 1009f Bivalent vaccine 268
Bivalirudin 345
Bekhterev-Jacobsohn reflex 854 Biello-Sigel criteria 1184
Black grain mycetoma 275
Bekhterev-Mendel reflex 855 Bielschowsky’s head tilt test 800f, 855
Black pigment stones 899
Bell’s palsy 784, 833 Bilaminar disc 5
Black tongue 1080
Bell-shaped curve 1209f Bile
Blackburne-peel index 730
Bence Jones protein 855 acid 215, 334
Blackfoot disease 528
Benedict’s solution 855 duct 1185 Bladder 1194
Benedict’s syndrome 801 salts 215, 216 blood supply of 89
Benedict’s test 206f Bilharziasis 282 calcification 282, 1181
Benserazide 343 Biliary cirrhosis 899 cancer 951
Benzathine penicillin 1085 primary 388, 899 types of 951
Benzhexol 343 secondary 899 endometriosis of 1014
Benzidine test 522 Biliary duct system 84 interior of 88
Benzodiazepines 527, 1109, 1115, 1140 Biliary obstruction 387 ligaments of 88
Benztropine 321 Biliary tract 282 nerve supply of 89
Bera waves, types of 620 diseases of 899 relations of 88
Bereavement exclusion, removal of 1097 Biliary tree, pathology of 898 rupture 906
Berger’s disease 823 Biliopancreatic diversion 885 stones 282
Berger’s hernia 896 Billing’s method 989 wall calcification 1181
Berger’s wave 855 Bimastoid diameter 974 worm 281
I-8 Sure Success MAGIC

Blanchable erythema, diffuse 1055 products, shelf life of 1151 stem cells 380
Bland Altman plot 440 smear, peripheral 1208f transplantation 408
Blaschko’s lines 1064, 1075 storage of 1150 metastases 1163
Blast injuries, classification of 921 testis barrier 91 metatarsal 49
Blastocele 3 therapeutic range of anti-epileptics 1215 microscopic structure of 21
Blastocyst 3 transfusion 1152 morphogenic
Blastomeres 3 malaria 293 factors 1
Blastomycosis 274 massive 1154 protein 4
Blatchford risk score 885 vessel occipital 111
Bleaching powder 457 radius of 154 ossification of 21
Bleeding types of 154 pain, severe 404
disorders 419 viscosity of 154 pearls 518
per vaginum 1029 Bloody diarrhea, parasites causing 277 scan 1197, 1198
polypus of septum 646 Bloom Richardson grading 932 short thick 1166f
scan 1198 Bloom’s syndrome 426, 935 temporal 99
Bleomycin 363, 417 Bloor’s classification of lipids 198 tumors 740, 743
Blepharitis 1053, 1077 Blount’s disease 730, 867 primary 740
Blepharophimosis syndrome 602 Blue diaper syndrome 188 Bonney’s myomectomy clamp 1019
Blepharoplasty 926 Blueberry muffin sign 1182 Bonney’s test 1014
Blepharoptosis 601 Blumberg’s sign 855, 892 Bony cochlea 610
Blepharospasm 548 Blumensaat’s line 1187 Bony labyrinth 610
Blighted ovum 1183 Blunt abdominal trauma 902 Book test 716, 716f
Blindness 472, 604 Blunt trauma 927 Boot-shaped heart 676f, 1185
Control Programme 444 B-lynch compression sutures 979 Borchardt’s triad 866, 884
Boas’ point 855
sudden complete 798 Borderline tuberculoid 1059
Boas’ sign 855
trends of 472 Bordetella 227, 228
Bodansky unit 855
types of 604 pertussis 258
Body
Blistering Borges lines 1075
cells of 207
diseases 1070 Boric acid toxicity 534
dysmorphic disorder 1103
disorders, acquired 1071 Borrelia 233
fluid
skin diseases 1069 recurrentis 850
physiology 127
Blisters heal fast 1071 Borrmann classifications 932
volumes, measurement of 127
Blood Bortezomib 366
lice 1076
agar 229f Bosentan 760
mass index 851
alcohol 1109 Boston’s sign 855
weight, types of 1144
alcohol levels 1108, 1109 Boerhaave’s syndrome 877, 877f Botryomycosis 275, 1080
and blood products 1150 Boggy enlarged uterus 1018 Botulinum toxin 140, 257, 878
coagulation factors 421 Bohler’s angle 730 Botulism, types of 256, 257
collection Bohler’s test 729 Bouchard’s nodes 855
order of 1215 Bohler-Braun splint 712f Bouin’s fluid 1216
tubes, color codes of 395 Bohr’s mixing equation 158 Bouin’s solution 393
culture 237 Boiling point 1141 Bounding pulses 756
film, peripheral 277 Boivin antigen 254 Bourdon’s gauge 1133
flow Bolus insulin 358 Bourneville’s disease 788
disturbances, normal 385 Bomb blast injuries 516 Boutonniere deformity 829, 829f
low 1129 Bone 21 Bouveret’s syndrome 899
pulmonary 673, 1127 accessory 49 Bowel
flukes 282 age 661 anastomotic leaks 874
gas partition coefficient 1141 anchored hearing aid 626 ischemia 1186f
group of blood stain, detection of 522 cells 23f mesenteric side of 886
group types 443 components of 22 related signs 1179
leaving heart 672 conduction test, absolute 618 Bowen’s disease 953, 1067
lymphocytes, peripheral 424 cyst, unicameral 1187 Bowman’s capsule 16, 823f
oxygen saturation of 1129 density, generalized increased 1167 Bow-tie sign 1186
physiology of 397 diseases 746 Boyle’s apparatus 1132, 1132f
predetermined volume of 395 forming tumors, benign 740 Boyle’s law 1152
pressure 151 infections 737 Brachial artery 41
classification 768 markers 23, 710 branches of 41
measurement of 151 marrow 306, 411, 522 Brachial index 496
Index I-9

Brachial plexus 38, 40f anomalies, congenital 44, 910 Bromhidrosis 1075
block 1139 blood supply of 44 Bromocriptine 343, 1023
formation of 39f cancer 366, 911, 912 Bronchi 65
injury 39 surgery terminologies 913 Bronchial
Brachiocephalic veins 95 trials 915 asthma 525
Brachioradialis 29 carcinoma 911, 932, 1209f collateral circulation 751
Bracht-Wachter bodies 766, 855 conditions 1006 Bronchiectasis 807, 1209f
Brachytherapy 959, 1193 conservation 914 nodular 807
types of 1193 therapy 912 Bronchiolitis 681
Bradycardia 321 conserving treatments 914 obliterans 681, 1071
Bradykinesia 782 engorgement 658 Bronchitis
Bradykinin 324, 326 histologic subtype and risk 912 acute 298
Bragard’s test 729 lesions 910, 915 chronic 806
Bragg effect 1190 milk 696, 697 Bronchoalveolar lavage 812
Brain 114, 181, 803, 954, 1182, 1194 composition of 697 Bronchodilator reversibility test 804
abscess 1200f jaundice 669 Bronchopulmonary
blood supply of 123 storage of 697 dysplasia 666
death 503 reconstruction 914 segment 65
certification of 502 tumours, benign 911 sequestrations 679
development anomalies 14 within breast sign 1184 Bronchospasm 321
disease of 1087 Breastfeeding, cardinal principles of 696 Bronchus, carcinoma 1067
fag 1118 Breath Brown adipose tissue 20
fever 444 alcohol testing 1109 Brown pigments stones 899
hemorrhages 791 cheesy odor of 194 Brown sugar 1110
herniation 776 fogging 1125 Brown’s syndrome 600
injury Breathing, work of 158 Brown’s tumor 842, 842f, 1166, 1166f
primary 777 Breech Browne’s area 642
secondary 777 delivery 981 Brown-red macular patches 1056
traumatic 1097 etiology of 980 Brown-Sequard syndrome 790
types of 803 extraction 980 Brucella 228, 259
lack of normal development of 14f management of 980 melitensis 259, 850
lobes of 179 presentation 980 Brucellosis 259
parenchymal injuries 777 Brenner tumor 1031, 1032 diagnosis of 259
scan 1198 Brentuximab vedotin 315, 366 Bruch’s membrane 574
stimulation, deep 343, 782 Breslau’s second life test 517 Brudziński cheek sign 855
toxoplasmosis of 298 Brewer infarcts 855 Brudziński neck sign 855
tumor 778, 954 Brigatinib 368 Brudziński reflex 855
associated syndromes, primary 954 Brighton criteria 867 Brudziński symphyseal sign 855
WHO classification of 954 Bright-red bleeding 890 Brugada syndrome 758f
vesicles 4 Brim sign 745 Brugia malayi 277
primary 12f Brimonidine 570 Bruns
Brainstem 325 Briquet’s syndrome 1103 ataxia 856
evoked response audiometry 620 Brissaud’s reflex 855 nystagmus 856
Branch retinal vein occlusion 586, 586f Brittle bone disease 736 Brushfield spots 856
Branched chain Brivaracetam 342 Bruton’s X-linked agammaglobulinemia 313
amino acids, disorders of 193 Broad ligament 999 Bruxism 1105
ketonuria 193 contents of 999 Bryant’s sign 921
Branchial fibroid 906 Bryant’s traction 712f
apparatus 8 Broad spectrum Bryant’s triangle 728
arch 613f antibiotics 351 Bubble sign, triple 1185, 1186f
derivatives 8 anti-helminthics 355 Bubonic plague 263
cleft derivatives 8 Broadbent’s sign 766, 855 Buccal coitus 521
cyst 924, 924f Broca’s aphasia 855 Buccal epithelium 497f
fistula 924 Broca’s phenomenon 1078 Buccopharyngeal membrane 4
Branham’s sign 855, 921, 1039 Brodalumab 315, 368 Buck’s traction 712
Braxton Hick’s contraction 517, 855, 969 Brodel’s bloodless line 87 Bucky ray therapy 1217
Break-bone fever 444, 850 Brodie, serocystic disease of 911 Budd-Chiari syndrome 818
Breast 909 Brodie-Trendelenburg test 855 Buerger’s disease 299, 832, 919
abscess, typical 910f Brodmann areas 115 Bulge sign 730
I-10 Sure Success MAGIC

Bulimia 1106 C spread of 932


nervosa 1041, 1106, 1107 surgery, laryngeal 654
Bulkeley’s membrane 1043 Cabot rings 856 testicular 952
Bull’s eye lesion 1184 Cadaveric spasm 503, 504f Candida 273
gut 1185 Cadler test 1123 infection 1078
liver 1185 Cadmium 530 Candidal diseases 274
stomach 1185 Caecal bar sign 892 Candidal vulvovaginitis 1009
Bull’s eye maculopathy 592f Caesium 137 1193 Candidiasis 274
Bulla Café au lait spots 1066 oral 656, 1210f
formation 1175 Caffeine 778 Candle bones 866
lower part of 1072f halothane contraction test 1147
Candle stain, sign of 1044f
spread sign 1071, 1072f Caisson’s disease 815
Candle-grease sign 1043
subepidermal 1080 Calamine lotion 1079
Cannabinol 1109
Bullous dermatosis 1072 Calcaneus gait 746
Cannabis 525, 1110
Bullous disorders 1074 Calcified myocardial infarct 1178
intoxication 1110
Bullous myringitis 259, 627 Calcineurin inhibitors 1045, 1079
sativa 1110
Bullous pemphigoid 1070, 1071, 1072f, Calciphylaxis 821
Cannabis/marijuana, therapeutic
1073f, 1075 Calcitonin 837, 841
use of 1110
direct immunofluorescence of 1070f gene-related peptide 778
Cantle’s line 83
histopathology of 1073f Calcium 182, 420
Capgras syndrome 1089, 1090
Bundle branch block bilirubinate 899
Capillary
left 754 channel blockers 330, 763
hemangioma 923, 961, 1208f
right 753 chloride 1135
hydrostatic pressure 129
Bunina bodies 392 hydroxide 1135
naevus 1205f
Bunsen solubility coefficient 1153 influx 140
telangiectasias 388
Bunyavirus 271 pyrophosphate crystals 223
Capnogram, normal 1128f
Buphthalmos 566 stones 905
Calendar method 989 Capnography 1127
Bupivacaine 1136, 1145, 1146
Caliber artery, persistent 885 Capreomycin 337
Buprenorphine 341
Caliciviruses 270 Capsular polysaccharide 247
Bupropion 936, 1114
Call-Exner bodies 1032 vaccine 246
Burch colposuspension 1014
Callway’s test 720 Capsule
Burger’s disease 866
Caloric restriction 378 internal 117
Burkholderia 228
Calot’s triangle 85, 922 opacification, posterior 562, 562f
mallei 262
Calve-Kummel-Verneuil disease 1167 Caput 672f
pseudomallei 262
Burkitt’s lymphoma 269, 416, 519f, 937, 947 Calymmatobacterium granulomatis 1081 medusae 856
Burkley’s membrane 1044f Camalote sign 1174 Carbamazepine 868, 1096, 1115, 1215
Burns Marshall technique 981 Camel hump during inspiration 1128 Carbamino compound 162
Burns Camp test, reverse 255f Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase-1 191
classification of 519, 876 Campbell de Morgan spots 927 Carbapenems 337, 348, 349
percentage of 519f Campylobacter 263 Carbenoxolone 338
Burnt rope 525 jejuni 228, 775, 783 Carbetocin 979
Burrholes 803 Canagliflozin 868 Carbidopa 343
Burrow ointment 1079 Canakinumab 368 Carbimazole 1051
Bursae 31, 32 Canal dehiscence syndrome, superior 623 Carbogen 1147
subscapular 31 Canaliculitis, chronic 594 Carbohydrate 393
Bursitis, prepatellar 718f Canavan disease 189, 194 absorption of 173, 206
Burtonian line 530, 530f Cancellous bone 21 chemistry of 203
Buruli ulcer 1058 Cancer tests for 205
Buschke-Lowenstein tumor 1057 chemotherapy-induced Carbolic acid poisoning 527
Buschke-Ollendorff sign 1040 bone marrow suppression 367 Carbon dioxide 232, 1133
Bush tea disease 388 GI toxicity 367 end tidal 1127
Bush-Jacoby-Medeiros classification 240 nausea 367 Carbon metabolism 194
Buspirone 1116 skin toxicity 367 Carbon monoxide 162, 527, 1142
Butcher’s wart 1056 vomiting 367 diffusion capacity of 160
Butorphanol 341 incidence of 907 poisoning 389, 534
Butterfly rash 828f pancreatic 943 Carbonic anhydrase 195, 221
Butterfly/bat’s wing pattern 1184 primary prevention modalities of 938 inhibitors 344
Button hole sign 1040 prostatic 952 Carboplatin 1033
Bypass incontinence 1014 scan 1198 Carboprost 979
Index I-11

Carboxyhemoglobin 214 Carney’s syndrome 946 Cavett test 1109


Carboxyhemoglobinemia 1129 Carney’s triad 946 Cavity, oral 655
Carboxypeptidase 221 Caroli’s disease 898 Cefaclor 350
Carcinoembryonic antigen 937 Caroticocavernous fistula 961 Cefadroxil 350
Carcinoid 850 Carotid Cefazolin 350
syndrome 947 artery, internal 123 Cefdinir 350
tumors 340, 947 canal 98 Cefepime 350
Carcinoma endarterectomy 919 Cefixime 1085
cervix, treatment of 1030 triangle 104 Cefoperazone 350
in situ 931 Carpal bones, ossification of 30, 30f Cefotaxime 248, 350
ductal 911 Carpal tunnel syndrome 717 Cefoxitin 350
large cell 939 Carpet tack sign 1039 Cefozopran 350
nasopharyngeal 269, 644 Carpopedal spasm 842f Cefpirome 350
urothelial 826 Carrier proteins, types of 128 Cefpodoxime proxetil 350
Card test 716, 716f Carrion’s disease 850 Cefprozil 350
Cardarelli’s sign 856 Cartilage Ceftamet pivoxil 350
Cardiac forming tumors, benign 741 Ceftaroline 350
arrest 929f types of 21 Ceftazidime 350
anticipated 926 Cartilaginous joint 24 Ceftibuten 350
refractory 1145 primary 24f Ceftizoxime 350
arrhythmias 756 secondary 24f Ceftriaxone 248, 249, 350, 1081
treatment of 759 subtypes of 24f Cefuroxime axetil 350
calcification 1178 Cartwheel appearance 1185 Celecoxib 947
catheterization 770 Carunculae myrtiformis 997 Celery stalk metaphysis 1189
Carvallo’s murmur 751
cycle 148 Celiac artery, branches of 94
Carvallo’s sign 856, 921
defects 995 Celiac disease 947
Carvedilol 763
disease associations, congenital 673 Celiac plexus block 1138
Casal collar 856
failure 769 Celiac sprue 772
Caseous necrosis 374, 383
indices 149 Cell
Casoni’s skin test 278, 281, 856, 897
medications 1131 alpha 849
Caspary-Joseph spaces 389
metaplasia 880 basics 372
Casper’s dictum 504
muscle 141 beta 849
Cast syndrome 1221
damage 388 body 135
Castellani’s paint 1079
myocytes 1203f cycle 378
Castenada’s method 259
output 150, 1127 regulators 934
Castleman disease 392
measurement of 150 Catagen 1051 specific anticancer drugs 366
physiology 147 Catalase negative 245 hyperplasia 378
poisons 525 Cataract 557, 580f, 1114 hypertrophy 378
reserve 150 congenital 561 injury 373
scan 1198 lamellar 557 lines 267
septa 10 surgery 559 primary 267
syndrome 759 complications of 561 secondary 267
tamponade 766 congenital 561 mediated immunity 1059
Cardiomyopathy 221 types of 557 membrane 131, 143
stress induced 1222 zonular 557 dynamicity of 131
Cardiopathia fantastica 1104 Catarrhal inflammation 380 proteins, functions of 131
Cardiopulmonary Catarrhal stage 258 metabolism 528
bypass grafting 769 Catastrophic thinking 1092 types of 379
exercise testing 771 Catatonic schizophrenia 1093 vacuolization of 1080
resuscitation 1149 Catch 22 syndrome 434 wall lipoarabinomannan 807
Cardiothoracic ratio 1185 Catecholamines 189 Cellular
Cardiovascular Caterpillar bodies 389 adaptation 372
disease 299 Catheter-acquired sepsis 1069 adaptive type 341
syphilis 1083 Cat-scratch disease 389 aging 378
system 9, 329, 748, 1176 Caudal epidural anesthesia 1137 physiology 131
Carey-Coomb’s murmur 751, 856 Caudal regression syndrome 1216 Cellulitis 244, 874
Carhart’s notch 635f Cavernous hemangioma 923, 961, 1208f orbital 961
Cariprazine 370 Cavernous sinus 125 Cement kidney 825
Carman’s meniscus sign 1180 relations of 125f Centchroman 992
Carnett’s sign 856 thrombosis 125 Central auditory pathways 614f
I-12 Sure Success MAGIC

Central dot sign 1186 canal 1021 Chaulmoogra oil 1062


Central Drug Research Institute 992 cancer 268 Cheatle split 874
Central Leprosy Training and cerclage stitches 983 Chediak-Higashi syndrome 314, 381, 1065
Research Institute 486 consistency 977 Cheese Washer’s lung 810
Central nervous system 304, 340, 776 dilatation 977, 994 Cheilitis 1049
Central nystagmus 622 graphical record of 977 Chemical
Central pontine myelinolysis 803 dilators 1035 injury 595
Central retinal dysplasia 1026 leukoderma 1066
artery occlusion 585 fascia, deep 105 peeling agents 1079
vein occlusion 586 ganglion tests 522
Central serous retinopathy 582f, 590, 591f inferior 109 Chemokines 382
Central sympatholytics 331 middle 109 Chemoreflex, pulmonary 164
Central tendency, measures of 438 superior 109 Chemotaxis 380
Central venous pressure 1130 Hamburger sign 1189 Chemotherapy
increased 1130 incompetence 983 agents 1195
measurement 1130 index 983 complications 367
procedure 1130 intraepithelial neoplasia 268, 1026 Cherney’s incision 872
Central vestibular connections 617 length 977 Cherry red spot 585f
Centriacinar emphysema 806 mucus causes of 585
Centrosomes 133 method 989 Chest
Cephalexin 350 study 1022 circumference 663
Cephalhematoma 672f muscles, superficial 105 computed tomography of 1161
Cephalic myotomes 15f pain 761
index 496 position 977 plain X-ray of 682f
vein 914 region 4 syndrome, acute 405
version, external 995 ripening 978, 1005 wall
Cephalopelvic disproportion 975 spine 1168 blood vessels of 63
Cephalosporins 348, 350, 1109 sympathetic Ewing’s sarcoma of 944
generations of 350 chain 109f layers of 66f
Ceramide 198 ganglia 109 nerves of 64
Cerbera thevetia 531 vertebrae 111 tumor 944
Cerebellar Cervix 998 Chevron incision 872
artery, posterior inferior 1222 carcinoma 1028 Cheyne-Stokes respiration 164, 759, 856
disease, clinical features of 791 dilatation of 966 Chiasmal compression 835
peduncles 120 ripening of 976, 978 Chiba’s needle 1186
Cerebellum 120 sign 683 Chickenpox 692
blood supply of 120 Cesarean section 974, 980, 993 stages of 691, 692
phylogenetic divisions of 120 Cestodes 276 Chilaiditi’s syndrome 1185
Cerebral Cetrorelix 1018 Childhood
blood flow 155 Cetuximab 315, 365, 949 glaucoma 565
autoregulation of 803 Chaddock reflex 856 metastatic tumors 961
circulation 155 Chadwick’s sign 856, 969 Child-Pugh score 898
cortex, functional areas of 115 Chaga’s disease 878, 1041 Children’s Hospital Eastern
edema 776 Chalcosis 595 Ontario Pain Scale 1226
poisons causing 526 Chalice sign 1181 Chimera 436
hemisphere, left 116f Chamberlain procedure 927 Chlamydia 228, 264
lesions 179 Chancre, tuberculous 1058 pneumoniae 805
palsy 529, 690 Chancroid 1081 psittaci 805
salt wasting 836 Chandelier’s sign 1039 trachomatis 1081, 1085, 1227
sulci 115 Chandlers index 456 Chloasma 1066, 1080
vasodilator 155 Characterless loop of Wangensteen 1179 Chloral hydrate 525
venous drainage 125 Charcot’s cholangitis triad 865 Chloramphenicol 348, 352
Cerebriform tongue sign 1039 Charcot’s joints 803, 1083 Chlordiazepoxide 1109
Cerebrosides 198 Charcot’s neurologic triad 856, 865 Chlorhexidine 1080
Cerebrospinal fluid 247f, 612f Charcot’s triad 899, 900 Chlorination 457
Cerebrum 115 Charcot-Leyden crystals 277, 289, 804, 856 Chlorine 236
white matter of 117 Chargaff’s rule 223 gas 457
Certolizumab 315 Charles Bonnet syndrome 801 poisoning 534
Cervical Charles law 1152 tablets 236, 457
Index I-13

Chloroform 1135 Chromopertubation 1022 Classical figure of 8 appearance 677f


Chloroquine 1067 Chromosomal Classical filariasis 287
Chlorpromazine 1113 abnormalities 1018 Classical gunstock deformity 722f
Choanal atresia 639 breakage syndromes 426 Classical ichthyosis vulgaris 1064f
Chocolate agar 229f disorders 433 Claude’s syndrome 801
Chocolate cysts 1017, 1201f syndromes 935 Claus model 911
Cholangiocarcinoma 942 translocations 410 Claustrophobia 1100
perihilar 932, 942 Chromosome 423, 423f Clavicle 27
Cholecystectomy, laparoscopic 900, 927 analysis, methods of 424 Clavipectoral fascia 43
Cholecystitis, acute 900, 1185 disorders 1165 Claw sign 1179, 1179f
Cholecystography, oral 900 typical 423f Claw-hand deformity 40f
Choledochal cyst 900 Chromothripsis 931 Claybrook sign 856
Choledocholithiasis 1163 Chronaxie 139 Clear cell tumor 1031, 1032
Choledochotomy 868 Chronic disease, anemia of 829 Cleavage lines 1075
Cholera 260 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Cleft
epidemiology of 261 exacerbations of 1148 lip 15, 926
homeland of 261 Chronic pancreatitis, causes of 902 palate 15, 926
prevalence of 261 Chronotropic incompetence 868 Cleidotomy 995
toxin 258, 260 Chunks of coal 390 Clergyman’s knee 718, 718f
vaccines 261 Churchill-cope reflex 856 Clindamycin 351
oral 261 Churg-Strauss syndrome 832 Clitoris 997
Cholesteatoma 631 Chvostek’s sign 856 Clomiphene citrate 1023
classification of 631 Cicatricial pemphigoid 1071, 1075 challenge test 1023
structure 631f Cidofovir 354 Clomipramine 1114
Cholesterol Cigar bodies 390 Clonidine 317
clefts 390 Cilia 134 Cloning 436
embolism 385 Ciliary Clonorchis sinensis 277, 283
stones 899 block glaucoma 573 Clopidogrel 346, 1132
Cholesterolosis 1158f body 574 Cloquet node 922
Cholestyramine 216 congestion 548, 575 Close shot entry wound of bullet 515f
Cholinergic system 320 processes 574 Clostridia 227, 228
Cholinesterase reactivators 321 Ciliated columnar epithelium 998, 999 Clostridial food poisoning 255
Chondroblastoma 741 Cimetidine 338 Clostridium 255
Chondroitin sulphate 1080 Cinnarazine 325 botulinum 256, 773
Chondroma 944 Ciraparantag 345 difficile 256, 338
Chondromatosis, multiple 866 Circinate retinopathy 584f perfringens 773
Chondrosarcoma 944 Circle of Willis 124, 124f sordelli 257
Chorine solution 457 Circular sodium iodide scintillation tetani 227, 256, 256f
Chorioallantoic membrane 267 crystal 1197 Cloxacillin 348
Choriocarcinoma 963, 1031, 1032, 1034 Circulus iridis major 574 Clozapine 1113, 1114
Chorionic villus sampling 427 Circumcorneal congestion 575 Clubfoot
Chorionicity 984 Circumflex nerve 40 acquired 734
Chorioretinitis 603 Circumoral pallor 1055 bilateral 735f
Choristoma 932 Cirrhosis 817, 898, 1108 congenital 734
Choroid 574 of liver 1185 Cluster headache 778
malignant melanoma of 958 Cirsoid aneurysm 768 Clutton’s joints 856
plexus cells 6 Cisatracurium 1144 CMV infection, congenital 694
Choroidal Cisplatin 1033 CNS
angioma 603 Citalopram 1114 disease 299
detachment 587 Citelli’s abscess 632 embryology 12
melanoma 958, 959f Citrate toxicity 1152 motor physiology 177
neovascular membrane 590 Citrated calcium carbide 1109 sensory physiology 173
osteoma 603 Citric acid cycle 211, 212f syphilis of 1083
Christmas tree pattern 1052 Cladophialophora carrionii 275 Coagulase negative staphylococci 242
Chromatids 436 Claparede’s paradox 1112 Coagulation
Chromatography 197 Clarithromycin 337, 1056 disorders of 420
Chromatoid body 288 Classic galactosemia 206 necrosis 374
Chromhidrosis 1076 Classic laryngeal mask airway, parts of 1127f system 382
Chromium molybdenum steel 1132 Classic nitrogen mustards 362 Coal workers pneumoconiosis 810
Chromoblastomycosis 275 Classical dinner fork deformity 714f Coanda effect 1153
I-14 Sure Success MAGIC

Coarctation of aorta 1178 Colonic Conical papillae 103


Cobalamin 219 lipoma 929 Conjoined twins 985
deficiency 402 mucosal disease 1163 Conjunctiva 17, 542
malabsorption 772 pseudo-obstruction, acute 866 Conjunctival
Cobb’s angle 1167 Colony stimulating factors 309 degenerations 546
Cobblestone papillae 544f Color codes 395 pseudomembranes 543
Cobra 533 Colorectal cancer 948 Conjunctivitis 543
Cobweb sign 1185 molecular pathogenesis of 948 acute hemorrhagic 544
Cocaine 323, 706, 1110, 1111 Colored haloes, causes of 565 adenoviral 543
abuse, chronic 1111 Colorless gas 235 angular 543
confirms diagnosis 794 Colostomy 887 bacterial 543
hydrochloride 1110 Colpoperineorrhaphy, posterior 1012 giant papillary 544
Colporrhaphy, anterior 1012 ligneous 543
overdose, acute 1111
Colposcopy 1027 Parinaud’s oculoglandular 544
Coccidioidomycosis 274
Colposuspension 1014 phlyctenular 544
Cochlea 612f
Columnar epithelium 17f viral 543
Cochlear
Coma 1148 Conley’s pointer 1217
canal, structure of 611f
nonketotic hyperglycemic 848 Connective tissue 19, 193, 394
duct 611 Comby’s sign 691, 856 basic components of 19fc
hydrops 636 Comitant squint 600 disease 736, 826
implant 627 Comma-shaped bodies 390 mixed 827
otosclerosis 635 Commissural fibres 117 Conscious sedation 1154
Cochrane’s test 440 Commotio cordis 771 Consciousness, normal level of 1091
Cockayne’s syndrome 589 Communication disorders 1121 Constipation 530
Cockcroft-Gault equation 1217 Comolli’s sign 856 drugs for 339
Codeine 1110 Complement pathways 309 management of 339
Codman’s triangle 856 Complete heart block, congenital 771 Consultation liaison psychiatry 1112
Coeur en sabot 1185 Complete hydatidiform mole 993 Consumer court 493
Coffee bean Complete tumor resection 846 Consumer Protection Act 490
nuclei 1032 Complex regional pain syndrome 745, 790 Contact
sign 1180 Composite virkud sling 1012 dermatitis 1048
Cohen syndrome 589 Compton effect 1191 eczema 1049
Coitus interruptus 989 Compulsory sickness insurance 444 lenses 539
Colcemid 424 Computed tomography scan 1158, 1160 ulcer 652
Colchicine 1051 Concavo-convex lesion 781f wounds 516f
Cold Concha bullosa 639 Contagion, theory of 443
agglutinins 259 Conchoidal bodies 390 Contagious disease 447
chain components 462 Concordant twins 436 Continuous cell lines 267
Colicky abdominal pain 530 Condoms 989, 992, 996 Contraception 988
Colitis, spastic 1103 Conduct disorder 1099 natural 989
Collagen treatment 1099 permanent surgical 989
fibres 19 Conduction, velocity of 147 Contraceptive
Conductive hearing loss 624 methods 991
types of 19
Condy solution 1079 steroidal 990
Collapsed cranial bones 1202f
Condylar joint 25f Contracted pelvic
Collateral ligament
Condyle humerus inlet 975
lateral 729f
lateral 723 types of 975
medial 729f
medial 723 Contraction stress test 972
tear 729 Condyloma acuminatum 1056, 1057f Contralateral hemiparesis 780
Collaural fistula 628 Condyloma lata 305, 1082 Contrast nephropathy 1162
Collecting tubule and duct 168 Cone biopsy 1027 Controller therapies 335
Colles’ fracture 714f, 724, 743 Congenital disorders 733, 1165 Contusion 509
Colloid 1151 Congenital heart disease age of 508f
goiter 907 acyanotic 674 pulmonary 926, 927, 1176
osmotic pressure 129 common mixing 676 Conventional antipsychotics 1113
Colon 80 Congenital toxoplasmosis, bilateral 579f Conventional laparotomy 991
blood supply of 81 Congestion 385 Conventional mechanical ventilation 1148
cancer 937 Congestive glaucoma, acute 571f Cooley’s anemia 405
carcinoma 932 Congestive heart failure 759, 865, 1178 Coomb’s and gel classification 311
cut off sign 928 high-output 405 Coomb’s test 418, 856
Index I-15

Copanlisib 368 Cortex, thinning of 742f Creeping


Copper 182, 852 Corti, tunnel of 614 angle closure 571
chelating agents 818 Cortical eruption 1077
dietary sources of 852 blindness 801 Cremasteric fascia 894
poisoning 530 dementia 1091 Crepitations, pulmonary 759
sulfate 528 mastoidectomy 633 Crescentic glomerulonephritis 823f
T 200 990 symptoms, higher 1091 Crest syndrome 827
T 380a 990 Corticosteroid 952 Cretinism 840
Coprinus atramentarius 1109 ointments 1049 Creutzfeldt Jakob disease 1183
Coproporphyrinogen 214 topical 1079 Cri du chat syndrome 434
Coprosterol 199 Cortisol, synthesis of 844, 844f Crichton-Browne sign 857
Cor bovinum 1083 Corymbose syphilide 1082 Cricoid pressure 1135, 1145
Cor pulmonale 759 Corynebacterium Cricothyroid 650
Coracohumeral ligament 31 diphtheria 227, 228, 548 Cricovocal membrane 1217
Cord Albert-stained smear of 250f Crile’s grading 838
clamping, delayed 978 biotypes of 250 Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 490
nephrogenic 5 minutissimum 1056 Criminal nerve of Grassi 79, 126
Corduroy cloth appearance 1187 pseudodiphtheriticum 227 Criminal procedure code 490, 491
Cori cycle 209 pseudotuberculosis 227 Crisaborole 368
Coriolis effect 617 species of 1080 Crizotinib 868
Corkscrew esophagus 1185 tenuis 251 Crocodile flush burns 518
Cormack and Lehane grading, Cotard’s syndrome 1088 Crohn’s disease 772, 774, 775, 1214
modified 1122 Cotton wool Crooke’s hyaline change 388
Corn meal agar 1068 appearance 742f Cross bridge cycle 144
Cornea 546, 547 spots 305, 583, 583f Croton tiglium 531
Coudability sign 1039
layers of 546 Crouzon’s disease 623
Cough, chronic 1222
Corneal Crowe sign 857, 1040
Couinaid’s segmental nomenclature 1226
abrasion 547f Crown rump length 972
Councilman bodies 390, 857
allograft rejection 555 Crucial angle of Gissane 730
Counter-current system 168
basics 546 Cruciate ligament, anterior 729f, 1186
Coup’d’Ongue sign 1039, 1069
clinical conditions 548 Crumpled tissue paper cells 1221
Courts 492
cystine crystals 193 Crural index 496
level of 493
dystrophies 552 Crutchfield tongs 712f
types of 492
nerves, prominent 548 Cruveilhier’s sign 921
Courvoisier’s law 857, 942
opacity, leukomatous 549f Cruveilhier-Baumgarten bruit 857
Couvade syndrome 1112
stem cells 379 Coventry osteotomy 747 Cryoglobulinemia 1213
stromal dystrophies 551 Cow’s milk 697 Cryoprecipitate 1150
transplantation 554, 555 Cowden disease 932 Cryosurgery 1067
Cornell’s sign 856 Coxiella burnetii 850, 1217 Cryptococcal meningitis 274
Corona phlebectasia 917 Coxsackievirus 269 Cryptococcosis 274, 305
Coronary angiography 769 Crab lice 1077 Cryptococcus neoformans 274, 299
Coronary artery Cracked nipple 909 Cryptomenorrhea 1007
disease 759, 852 Cranial base, internal surface of 99f Cryptorchidism 12
left 70 Cranial Cryptosporidia 299
right 69 bones 97 Crypts of Luschka 85
Coronary chemoreflex 152 meninges 114 Crystalloids 1151
Coronary heart disease 305, 769 nerve 121, 800 Crystals, types of 1211f, 1212f
risk of 769 nuclei 121 Csendes procedure 882
Coronary sinus 71f reflexes 123 CSF rhinorrhea 641
Coronavirus 271, 466 supplying eye 123 Cubital fossa 44, 1049f
Corps grains 390, 1074 neuropore 4 boundaries of 44f
Corps ronds 390, 1074 Craniopharyngioma 956 Cuboidal epithelium 17f
Corpus 998 Craniosynostosis 662 Culdocentesis 1034
callosum 117, 173 Craniotabes 1164 Culex 450
agenesis of 995 Craniotomy 995 Cullen’s sign 857, 921
cancer syndrome 1026 Craniovertebral joints 111, 114 Culture-bound syndromes 1118
luteum 1002 Creatine Cumbo’s sign 1174
Corrigan’s pulse 857 kinase, serum 142 Cumulative frequency diagram 441
Corrigan’s sign 756 phosphokinase 387, 762 Cuneiform 559
Corrosive poisons 525, 528 phosphokinase, serum 1120 Cupids bow contour 1187
I-16 Sure Success MAGIC

Cupola sign 1179 Cystinosis 193 Davidson body 497f, 522


Curare notch 1128f nephropathic 193 Dawn formula 970
Curative radiation programs 1193 Cystinuria 193 Dawn phenomenon 849
Current nomenclature 876 Cystoid macular edema 581f Dawson’s fingers 783, 857, 784f
Curschmann’s spirals 804, 857 OCT of 582f Daytime sleepiness 1106
Cusco’s self-retaining bivalved Cystosarcoma phyllodes 911 De Clerambault’s syndrome 1089
speculum 1035f Cytochrome-C oxidase 852 De Lancey’s classifications 1012
Cushing’s reflex 152 Cytogenetic methods 424 De Musset’s sign 756, 857
Cushing’s syndrome 844, 846, 1005 Cytoid bodies 390 De Quervain’s disease 718
Cushing’s triad 152, 857, 865 Cytokeratin 134, 1037 Deafness, sensorineural 435
Cushion sign 929 prekeratin filaments 387 Death, signs of 503
Cutaneous larva migrans 456, 1077 Cytokines 309, 382 Debakey’s classification 768
Cutaneous leishmaniasis 1077 Cytomegalovirus 268 Decarboxylation, oxidative 193
Cutis laxa 20 Cytoplasm 207, 208, 372 Decidua 963
Cutis marmorata 1214 Cytoplasmic side 129 basalis 963
Cyanide Cytoreductive surgery, primary 1033 capsularis 963
nitroprusside test 189, 193 Cytoskeletal proteins 377 spongiosum 978
poisoning 527 Cytoskeleton 133
Cyanotic congenital heart disease 675 Decidual reaction 963
Cytostatic agents 926 Decision tree 432f
Cyclical hematuria 1014 Cytotoxic drugs 706
Cyclical mastalgia 1006 Decubitus ulcer 866, 1012
Cyclooxygenase 215f, 326f Deep tendon reflexes, loss of 222
Cyclophosphamide 362, 1034 D Deep vein thrombosis,
analog of 362 ultrasonography of 918
Dabigatran 345
Cycloplegic drugs 536 Deferasirox 405
Dacarbazine 417
Cyclopropane 1133 Deferiprone 405
Daclizumab 315
Cyclops lesion 1188 Defibrotide sodium 368
Dacryoadenitis 594
Cycloserine 337, 349 Deflazacort 356, 368
Dacryocystitis 593, 594f
Cyclosporine 316, 830, 1016, 1045 Deformity, clinical photograph of 714f
Dacryocystorhinostomy 594
Cyclothymic disorder 1097 Degenerative non-inflammatory 736
Dactinomycin 363
Cylinder pressure gauge 1133 Deglutitive inhibition 170
Dactylitis 404, 1044
Cylindroma 867 Dehydration 701, 848
Dactylography 500
Cynophobia 1100 assessment of 701
Dagger sign 1163
Cyproheptadine 325 treatment of 701
Dagher maneuver 857
Cyproterone acetate 1053 Deiodinase 221
Dahl’s sign 857
Cyst Delafloxacin 368
Dalbavancin 241, 349
congenital 1008 Delavirdine 303
odontogenic 656 Dalén-Fuchs nodules 857
Dalrymple sign 857 Delbert’s classification 726
popliteal 718 Delikan’s warning sign 1123
retention 657, 909 Dalteparin 345
Dalton’s law of partial pressures 1152 Deliriant poisons 525
thyroglossal 1207f Delirium 1087, 1089
Cystadenocarcinoma Damage control 871
resuscitation 871 stage of 1130
mucinous 1032
surgery 871 Delorme’s operation 889
serous 1032
Danazol 1006 Delphi method 440
Cystadenoma
Dance’s sign 857, 921 Delphian nodes 922
mucinous 1031
Danger space 1216 Delta hepatitis 271
serous 1031
Cystathionine beta synthase deficiency 193 Dangerous wound 523 Deltoid 34
Cysteamine bitartrate 193, 368 Dapagliflozin 368 ligament 51
Cysteine 189, 190 Dapsone syndrome 1062 Delusion 1088
Cystic Daptomycin 349 of control 1088
degeneration 1018 Darier’s disease 1039, 1067, 1070, 1074 of doubles 1089
fibrosis 173, 431f, 681, 833 Darier’s sign 857, 1039 of grandeur 1088
glandular hyperplasia 1015 Dark dot disease 1080 of guilt 1088
lymph node 922 Darling’s disease 274 of jealousy 1089
medial necrosis 768 Darunavir 303 of persecution 1092
swelling 14 Darwin’s finches 931 primary 1092
Cysticercosis 577 Darwin’s tubercle 628 sharing of 1089
Cystine 189 Datura poisoning 532 Demeester’s scoring system 878
crystals 193f Datura seeds 532f Dementia 1089
stones 905 Daunorubicin 363 Alzheimer’s 1090
Index I-17

frontotemporal 1090 Desmoplakin 1036 Dick test 243


Lewy body 1090 Desmoplasia 931 Dicloxacillin 348
multi infarct 1090 Desmosomes 1036 Dicrotic pulse 749
normal pressure hydrocephalus 1090 Destot’s sign 857 Dicyclomine 339
praecox 1092 Destructive operations 995 Didanosine 302
subcortical 1091 Detergent worker’s lung 810 Diencephalon 118
types of 1090 Detoxification 1109 Dietary copper, restriction of 818
vascular 1090 Deuel’s sign 1183 Diethylpropion 340
Deming’s sign 925 Deutetrabenazine 368 Diethylstilbestrol 952, 936
Dendrites 135 Developing brain, parts of 12 Dietl’s crisis 826
Dendritic Deviated nasal septum 642 Dieulafoy’s disease 1180
cells 306 Deviation, measurement of 598 Dieulafoy’s lesion 885
ulcer 549, 550f Dexamethasone 356, 707 Dieulafoy’s triad 865, 892
Denervation hypersensitivity 145 suppression test 1119 Difenoxin 339
Dengue 444 Dexlansoprazole 338 Diffusion
Denham’s pin 712 Dextrans 1151 hypoxia 1142
Denileukin diftitox 365 Dextrosaline 1151 tensor imaging 1160
Denis three-column concept 731f Dharmendra lepromin 1061 Digastric triangle 104
Dennie-Morgan fold 857, 1049 Dhat syndrome 1118 Digestive tract 1194
Denosumab 315, 952, 1008 Dhobi’s itch 1069 Digoxin 329
Dense connective tissue 19 Di George syndrome 313 immune fab 315
Dent’s disease 825 Diabetes insipidus 836 toxicity and treatment 329
Dental cyst 656 nephrogenic 1115 Dihydrocodeine 1111
Dental numbering systems 499, 499f Diabetes mellitus 584, 847 Diisopropylphenol 1140
Dentigerous cyst 656, 1225 diagnosis of 848 Dille Koppanyi test 534
Denver’s classification of chromosomes 424 drugs for 357 Dimorphic fungi 273
Deoxycholate citrate agar 253 skin manifestations of 1055
Dimple sign 1040
Deoxyribonucleotides 222 Diabetic
Dinoprostone 979
Depersonalization disorder 1102 bullae 1055
Dinutuximab 370
Depolarizing muscle relaxants 1143 cheiroarthropathy 1041
Diphenoxylate 339
Depot medroxy progesterone acetate 404 dermopathy 1055
Diphtheria
Depression 851, 852, 1095, 1101, 1106, 1119 ketoacidosis 848
laryngeal 251
melancholic signs of 1096 maculopathy 583
toxin 250
severe 1088 nephropathy 822, 824, 824f
Diphtheric colitis 529
Depressive disorder 1095 retinopathy 583
Diphyllobothrium latum 277
Dermabrasion 926 Diacetylmorphine 1110
Diplegia, spastic 690
Dermatitis 1048, 1050 Dialysis dementia syndrome 534
herpetiformis 1070, 1071, 1072f, Diameter index safety system 1133 Diploid 423
1074f, 1075 Diamniotic placenta 1202f cell lines 267
histopathology of 1074f Diapedesis 380 Diplopia 599, 632
Dermatofibroma papules 1059 Diaphragm 67 horizontal 795
Dermatoglyphics 500 anatomy of 682f physiological 599
Dermatologic therapy 1079 developmental sources of 15f Dipyridamole 346
Dermatology 1036 embryology of 15 Direct immunofluorescence 867, 1070
Dermatome, lateral 5 low 1175 Direct ophthalmoscopy, procedure of 542f
Dermatomyositis 827, 828, 1041, 1063, 1067 urogenital 93 Disability adjusted life year 445
signs of 1064 Diaphragmatic hernia 682f Disaccharides 204
Dermatopathic lymphadenopathy 1063 congenital 682 Discharging sinuses, multiple 275
Dermatophilus congolensis 1080 Diaphragmatic surgery 927 Discoid
Dermatophytosis 1068 Diaphyseal aclasis 735, 866 eczema 1050
Dermoid cyst 1031, 1032 Diarrhea lupus erythematous 1051
Descemet’s membrane 819 acute 773 Discordant twins 437
Descending optic atrophy 797 drugs for 339 Discrete episodes 1096
Desferrioxamine 405, 526, 819 secretory 340 Disease modifying anti-
Desflurane 1140, 1141, 1142 Diarthroses 24 rheumatoid drugs 329
Desipramine 1114 Diarylquinoline bedaquiline 337 Disinfectants, classification of 236
Desirudin 345 Diastolic murmurs 750, 751 Dispersion, measures of 438
Desloratidine 325 Diazepam 1109 Disruptive mood dysregulation
Desmin 134 Diazoxide 1016 disorder 1097
Desmoglein 1036 Dichotomous thinking 1091 Disseminated intravascular coagulation 422
I-18 Sure Success MAGIC

Dissociative Double aortic arch 10 Ductus deferens 91


amnesia 1102 Double bleb sign 1184 Ductus venosus 974
disorders 1101, 1102 Double bubble sign 684f, 1185 Dugas test 720
identity disorder 1102 plain X-ray of 1186f Duke’s criteria 766
Dissolved oxygen 161 Double decidual sac sign 1184 Duke’s staging 932, 948
Distal Double density sign Duloxetine 1056, 1114
radius fractures 743 cardiac 1178 Dumping’ syndromes 883
tubule 168 shoulder 1178 Dunhill classified 907
Distichiasis 601 skeletal 1178 Dunlop’s, Smith’s traction 712
Distressing pain 1103 spine 1178 Dunphy’s cough tenderness sign 892
Diuretics 1131 Double duct sign 1180 Dunphy’s sign 857
hydrochlorothiazide 1131 Double lumen’ tubes 1124 Duodenal atresia 684, 684f, 891, 1186f
triamterene 1131 Double puncture laparoscopic Duodenal cap, absence of 882f
Diurnal periodicity 286 visualization 1017 Duodenal fistula 883
Diverticulitis 886 Double ring sign 641 Duodenal ulcer 881, 883
Diverticulosis 885 Doughnut sign 683 chronic 882f, 884f
Diverticulum, pharyngoesophageal 879 Dowling Degos disease 1080 complications of 882
Diwali poisoning 528 Dowling lines 1064 Duodenal wall, proximal 885
Dix-Hallpike test 857 Down’s syndrome 433, 433f, 1167, Duodenum 79
Dizygotic twins 437 1209f, 1227 blood supply of 80
DNA Downe’s score 667 parts of 79
analysis 222 Downstream vascular resistance 974 Rose Thorning of 1180
binding motifs 195 Downward drift’ hypothesis 1094 Dupilumab 368
fingerprinting 222 Dowry related offences 491 Duplex system, bilateral 903f
fragility 935 Doxacurium 1144 Dupuytren’s contracture 718
ligases 224, 1224 Doxepin 1114 Duquenois levine test 534
polymerase 224 Doxorubicin 363 Dura mater 114
gamma 1220 Doxycycline 260, 1053, 1081, 1085 Dural puncture 1137
synthesises 224 Dracunculus medinensis 277 Dural tail 1188
replication 224 Drainage implants, artificial 568 Duret hemorrhages 388, 522
structure 223 Draped aorta sign 1185 Duroziez’s murmur 751
topoisomerases 224 Drawbacks of gift 1024 Duroziez’s sign 857
viruses 266, 268, 937 Dream theory 1214 Dutcher bodies 390
classification of 265 Dressler’s syndrome 764 Duverney’s foramen 76
Dobutamine 322 Dried venoms, fatal dose of 533 Dynamic hip screw 726f
Docetaxel 952 Drinking water, classification of 457 Dynamic intestinal obstruction,
Docosahexaenoic acid 1222 Drooping eyelid 602 causes of 887
Doderlein’s bacilli 998 Drooping lily sign 1179, 1181 Dysarthria 791
Döhle bodies 857 Drop metastases 933 Dysdiadochokinesia 791
Doi’s sign 857 Drug 1131, 1136 Dysgammaglobulinemia 313
Dolutegravir 304 eruption, fixed 1050, 1050f Dysgerminoma 1030, 1032
Domino transplantation 312 intoxication 1111 Dyskeratosis 1074
Donaldson’s line 612 reactions, adverse 317 Dyslipidemia, drugs for 333
Donepezil 1090 susceptibility testing 453 Dysmenorrhea 982, 1007, 1017
Donovan bodies 390 toxicity 305 Dyspareunia 1017
Donovanosis 1081 Drugs and Cosmetics Act 490, 525 non-organic 1112
Dopamine 321, 322, 803, 1119 Drummond marginal artery 81 Dysphagia
decarboxylase inhibitor, peripheral 343 Drummond syndrome 188 lusoria 879
depletion 782 Drumstick appearance 497f progressive 878
hydroxylase 852 Dry eyes 553 Dysphonia plica ventricularis 653
Doppler ultrasonography 974, 1156 tests for 553 Dysphoria 340
Dorsal types of 553 Dysphoric disorder, premenstrual 1097
aorta, right 10 Dubin-Johnson syndrome 389 Dysplasia 931
column 177 Dubois sign 1040 mild 1026
interossei 716f Duck walking test 729 moderate 1026
pterygium formation 1046 Duckett Jones criteria 677 severe 1026
Dorsett’s egg 252 Duct Dysplastic nevus syndrome 935
Dory flop sign 1040 ectasia 910 Dyspnea 804
DOTS 487f submandibular 108 Dyssomnias 1104
Index I-19

Dyssynergia 791 Ectopic pregnancy 988, 1005 Elvitegravir 304


Dysthymic disorder 1096 ultrasound of 1183 Embalming 505
treatment 1097 Ectopic sebaceous glands 1076 Embden-Meyerhof pathway 207
Dystocia 976 Ectopic ureteric orifice 928 Emboli 832
Dystonia, acute 1113 Ectothrix 1068 Embolism, types of 385
Dystroglycan 142, 143 Ectropion 601 Embolization agents 1163
Dystrophic Eculizumab 315 Embryo
calcification 915 Eczema 1048 culture 1024
epidermolysis bullosa 1075 nummular 1050 transfer 1024
Dystrophin 142 Edaravone 368 Embryoblast 3
Dysuria Edema 1130 Embryology 1
grading of 699 Embryonal carcinoma 953, 1031
external 1084
Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma 638
internal 1084 periorbital 125
Embryonal sarcoma 960
pulmonary 987
Embryonated egg inoculation 267
Edrophonium test 784
E Embryonic period 4
Edward’s syndrome 433, 434f
Emerging diseases 466
Ear eFAST signs 1157
Emperipolesis 392
anatomy of Efavirenz 303 Emphysema 20, 806
external 605 Effluvium 1052 paraseptal 806
inner 610 Egawa test 716 radiology 1175
blood supply of inner 611 Egg shell calcification 1170 types of 806
cleft, parts of middle 607f Eggs, bile staining of 278 Emphysematous cholecystitis 256
cleft, anatomy of middle 607 Ego defense mechanisms 1117 Empty amnion sign 1184
congenital abnormalities of external 628 Ehlers-Danlos syndrome 19, 1012 Empty glenoid sign 720f
development of 613 Einthoven’s triangle 752, 752f Empyema, aetiology of 926
disease of Eisenmenger’s syndrome 675, 988 Emtricitabine 302, 1214
external 627 Ejaculation, premature 1112 Emulsin 527
inner 635 Ekbom’s syndrome 1112 Enantiomers 205
middle 629 Ektacytometry 406 Enasidenib 368
fluids, inner 611 Elastic fibres 20 Encapsulated bacteria 230
inner 613 Elastic tissue 154 Encephalitis 269
medial wall of middle 608f Elbasvir 370 Encephalocele, occipital 14f
middle 608 Elbow Enchondroma 741
ossicles, middle 609f conditions 722 End of worm, anterior 279f
polyp 631f fishtail deformity of 1188 End tidal carbon dioxide, uses of 1127
suppuration, middle 632 joint 32 Endemic syphilis 1084
surgery 632 dislocation of 723 Endemic treponematoses 1084
syringing 628f Elective cesarean section 979 Endocarditis 274
Eating disorders 1106, 1107 Electric injuries 518 acute 766
etiology 1106 Electric mark 518 subacute 766
physical characteristics 1106 Electric torture 510 Endocervical brush 1026, 1027
Eberth Gaffky bacillus 227 Endocervix 249
Electrical alternans 754f
Endochondral growth 22
Ebola virus disease 466 Electrocardiogram 751
Endocrine 1113
Ebstein anomaly 1115 Electrocardiography paper 752f
disorders 1165
Eccrine glands 18 Electrocochleography 620
function of kidneys 169
Echinocandins 353 Electroconvulsive therapy 1118
hormones, signaling pathways of 834
Echinococcus Electrogenic pump 129 pancreas, function of 849
granulosus 277, 281 Electron transport chain 211 system 356, 834
multilocularis 281 inhibitors of 211 therapy 912
vogeli 281 Electrophoresis 197 types of 913
Echocardiography 1157 Electroretinography 593f Endocytosis 130, 381
Echolalia 1093 Elek’s gel precipitation test 251 Endoderm 7
Echovirus 270 Elemental iron content 402 cells 4
Eclampsia 987 Elephantiasis 287 Endodermal sinus tumor 1031, 1032
Ecthyma ELISA 281 Endogenous
contagiosum 1080 Ellipsoid joint 26f burn 518
gangrenosum 1056 Elschnig’s spots 590, 857 catecholamines 321
Ectoderm 4, 6 Eltrombopag 420 infection 240
Ectopia lentis 563, 563f Eluxadoline 370 water 872
I-20 Sure Success MAGIC

Endoluminal therapies 878 Entonox 1133 Episodes, stroke-like 435


Endolymphatic duct 611 Entrapment neuropathies 717 Epispadias 90
Endolymphatic sac 611, 612 Entropion 601 Epithalamus 118
Endometrial ablation Enuresis, non-organic 1099 Epithelia, classification of 16fc
methods of 1015 Enzymatic method 206 Epithelial keratitis 549
surgeries 1015 Enzyme 132, 182, 937, 1216 Epithelial tumor
Endometrial aspiration biopsy 1025 activity mixed 1030
Endometrial atrophy 1015 factors influencing 183 serous 1032
Endometrial biopsy 1022 measurement of 185 Epithelioid cells 812f
curette 1035f classification of 183 Epithelium 16, 548
Endometrial carcinoma 1025 inhibition 184, 363 squamous 17f
Endometrial hyperplasia 1024 therapeutic uses of 186 transitional 17
Endometrial thickness 996 Eosinophilic gastroenteritis 772 Epitope 306
Endometrial tissue, deposits of 1201f Eosinophilic granuloma 1165, 1167 Eponymous signs 853
Endometrioid 1025 Eosinophilic granulomatosis 832 Epoprostenol 760
tumor 1030, 1031 Eosinophilic Hürthle cells 908f Epstein’s pearls 658, 857
Endometriosis 906, 1005, 1017, 1018 Ependymocytes 6 Epstein-Barr virus 269
complications of 1017 Ependymoma 955 Eptifibatide 346
diagnosis of 1017 Ephedrine 323 Epulis 657
treatment of 1017 Epiblast cells 4 Epworth sleepiness scale 1106
Endometrium 998, 1000 Epicardial coronary artery, Erb’s palsy 40f
functioning 1017 focal spasm of 760 Erb’s point 40, 40f
spiral arteries of 1002 Epicondylitis, medial 37 formation of 40f
ultrasound patterns of 1002 Erb-Duchenne palsy 39
Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis 268
Endonuclease 437 Erdheim’s disease 768
Epidemic typhus 850
Endophthalmitis, acute 563f Erectile disorder/impotence, male 1111
Epidermal cells 1057f
postoperative 562 Ergosterol 199
Epidermal-melanin unit 1037
Endoplasmic reticulum 132 Ergot alkaloids 1216
Epidermis 1036
Endoscopic biopsy 880 Ergotamine tartrate 778
Epidermodysplasia verruciformis 1057
Endoscopic retrograde Erosion 1038
Epidermolysis bullosa
cholangiopancreatography 900 Erotic delusions 1089
acquisita 1071
Endoscopic ultrasound 944 Ertugliflozin 368
congenital 1070, 1074
Endosteal scalloping 1188 Erysipelas 244, 1055
Epidermophyton 1068
Endothelial cells, normal 541f Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae 1055
Epididymitis 925, 1085
Endothelial injury 385 Erythema 1210f
acute 1085
Endothelin 152 annulare centrifugum 1054
antagonist 760 Epidural anesthesia 1138 chronicum migrans 1054
Endothrix 1068 Epidural hemorrhage 780 gyratum repens 1054, 1067
Endotracheal intubation 1125, 1126 Epigastric hernia 895 induratum 1055
Endotracheal tubes 1123 Epigastric pain 884 infectiosum 268, 693, 1054
parts of 1124f Epiglottitis, acute 680 marginatum 1054
size of 1125 Epilepsy 786 multiforme 1054
types of 1124 drugs for 341 major 1054
End-stage liver disease, model for 898 myoclonic 435 nodosum 1053
Enflurane 1141 temporal lobe 1088 pernio 1055
Enfuvirtide 304 Epimenorrhea 1007 toxicum 658, 1054
Enneking classification 740 Epimers 205 Erythematous nodule 1077
Enoxaparin 345 Epinephrine 322 Erythrasma 1056, 1069
Entamoeba histolytica 276, 289 Epiphrenic diverticulum 879 Erythroblastosis fetalis 664
Enteric fever 254 Epiphyseal plate, structure of 22f Erythrocyte
Enterobacteriaceae 252 Epiphysis, types of 23 antigens 1150
Enterobius vermicular, planoconvex Epiphysitis, traction 719 sedimentation rate 398
egg of 278f Epiploic foramen 76 Erythrocytic schizogony 292
Enterobius vermicularis 276, 285 boundaries of 76f Erythrodermic psoriasis 1043, 1043f
Enterocele 895 Epirubicin 363 Erythroid hyperplasia 401
repair of 1012 Episcleritis 556 Erythroid marrow hyperplasia 404
Enterocutaneous fistulae, Episiotomy 994 Erythromycin 251, 1056
management of 887 mediolateral 979, 994 Erythrophobia 1100
Enterovirus 270, 867 scissors 996f Erythroplasia of Queyrat 388, 953
Index I-21

Erythropoietic porphyrias 216 anatomy 610f F


Erythropoietin 397f disorders of 629
Escherichia coli 252, 1080 dysfunction 630 Face 101
enteroinvasive 252 function, tests for 629 dangerous area of 639
enteropathogenic 252 Eutocia 976 mask, simple 1129
enterotoxigenic 252 Evening primrose oil 1225 presentation 981
Escitalopram 1114 Evisceration 995 sensory nerves of 102f
Escobar’s pathological stages 1221 Ewald’s law 617 Facial artery 101
ESI Act, 1948 480 Ewart’s sign 857, 921 branches of 101
Esomeproazole 338 Ewing’s sarcoma 741 transverse 101
Esophageal diaphyseal lesion 742f Facial block 559
atresia 682 Exacerbate porphyria 1139 Facial edema 1067
cancer, developing 745 Exaggerated lumbar lordosis 733 Facial nerve 634
constrictions, distances of 77f Exanthema subitum 269, 693 lesion of 1202f
detector device 1125 Excess apoptosis, diseases of 375 palsy 1213
disorders 877 Excess salivation 529 Facial nucleus, corticonuclear
diverticula 879 Exclamation mark hairs 1052f connections of 785f
intubation detector 1125 Exclusive breastfeeding 301 Facial pallor 530
opening 67 Excoriation 1038 Facial vein 102
perforation 877 Exertional dyspnea 759 Factitious disorder 1104
spasm, diffuse 879 Exfoliative cytology 389 Factories Act, 1948 479
tracheal combitube 1124 Exfoliative toxin 241 Fagerstrom’s test 867
Esophagectomy, radical 944 Exocytosis 130 Faget’s sign 857, 921
Esophagus 76 Exo-erythrocytic schizogony 292 Fairley’s skin test 278
carcinoma 943, 944f Exomphalos 895, 1210f Falciparum incidence, annual 464
constrictions of 77 major 895 Fallen Fragment’ sign 1187
distal 1146 minor 895 Fallopian tube 999
tumor of 944 Exon 437 ampulla of 1, 3, 988
Esotropia 599 Exonuclease 437 cancer 1033
classification of 600 Exostoses 741 Falloposcopy 1022
Estimated glomerular filtration rate 821 multiple 866 Fallot pentalogy 771
Estrogen 965 Exotoxin 231, 256 Fallot tetralogy 675, 676
natural 1004 Extenso-supinator muscles 37
False labor pains 976
receptor agonists 913 External auditory canal, nerve supply of 606f
False Mantoux reactions 452
receptor positive tumors 911 External canal, furuncle of 627
False negative sweat test 681
uses of 1005 Extradural hematoma 781f
False positive Schilling test 403
Eszopiclone 1115 Extra-embryonic mesoderm 5
Famciclovir 354
Etavirine 303 Extrahepatic post-sinusoidal portal
Familial adenomatous polyposis coli 947
Eteplirsen 368 hypertension, causes of 818
Familial dysautonomia 866
Ethambutol 336 Extraocular muscle 596
Familial malignancies 935
Ethanol abuse, chronic 389 palsies 799
Ether 1140, 1141 Extrapulmonary infections 259 Familial malignancies/cancers 934
advantages 1141 Extrapulmonary tuberculosis 809 Familial medullary thyroid carcinoma 933
disadvantages 1141 Extrapyramidal tracts 177 Family Planning Programme 444
Ethidium bromide 424 Extrophy bladder 1207f Fanconi’s anemia 426, 935
Ethionamide 337 Exudative pleural effusion criteria 811 Fanconi’s syndrome triad 865
Ethmoidal polyps 641 Exudative retinal detachment 588f Faraday cage 1159
Ethosuximide 342, 1215 Eye Farber bodies 390
Ethyl alcohol 235 banking 554 Farmer’s lung 810
Ethylene 1133 dry 553 Fasanella Servat operation 602
oxide 235 lens of 6 Fascia lata 55
Etomidate 1140 movements, conjugate 801 Fascia of thigh, deep 55
Euchromatin stains 424 of tiger sign 1188 Fascial disorders 717
Eukaryotes 230 structures, embryology of 535 Fasciola buski 277
Eumelanin 1037 Eyedrops 1131 Fasciola hepatica 277, 283
Eumycetoma 275 Eyelids egg of 279f
Euploid 423 diseases of 601 Fasciolopsis buski 283
Euryblepharon 601 gland of 18, 602 Fastrach laryngeal mask airway,
Eustachian tube 610 Ezogabine 342 components of 1127f
I-22 Sure Success MAGIC

Fat Femoral sheath 55 Fetishism 521


cells 20 Femoral triangle 55, 55f Fetomaternal condition 977
droplets 1204f Femoral vessels, erosion of 953 Feto-placental circulation 6
embolism 385 Femoropopliteal shunt 1213 Fetoprotein
malabsorption 588 Femtosecond laser-assisted alpha 937
necrosis 374 cataract surgery 561 component of 852
pancreatic 1079 Femur 46 Fetus in utero 975
traumatic 910 compressing popliteal artery, Feulgen reaction 424
Ostmann’s pad of 610 lower end of 1202f Fever 293, 850
purity of 199 fracture mediterranean 259
soluble vitamins 217 neck of 726, 727, 727f rheumatic 244, 677
suppression techniques 1159 shaft of 727, 728 undulant 850
Fatal asthma 805 length 972 uveoparotid 812
Fatty acid 198, 199 lower end of 47 Fexofenadine 325
breakdown 200 shaft of 46 Fiberoptic laryngoscope 1125
chains, unsaturated 131 upper end of 46 Fibrates 334
degradation 200 Fenfluramine 340 Fibrinogen scanning 1199
essential 199 Fentanyl 1146 Fibrinoid necrosis 374, 1203f
saturated 131 Ferguson’s reflex 969 Fibrinolytic agents 763
unsaturated 199 Ferments inulin 245 Fibrinous inflammation 380
Fatty degeneration 1018 Ferric Fibrin-specific plasminogen activators 763
Fatty infiltration 408 chloride test 192, 527 Fibroadenoma 911
Fatty liver 1108, 1211f citrate 370 Fibroblast 19, 20, 522
causes of 816 Ferriman-Gallwey score 1017, 1217 growth factors 1
Faucial diphtheria 251 Ferrous Fibrocartilage rim 31
Faucial tonsils 647 fumarate 402 Fibrocystic breast disease 1006
Fausidil 1221 gluconate 402
Fibrogenolysis 763
Favus 1069 sulphate 402
Fibroid 1018
Febrile convulsions 689 Ferruginous body 810
submucus 1019
Febrile neutropenia 367 Ferry’s line 548
Fibromas 1031
Febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, acute 1065 Fertility awareness based methods 989
Fibromuscular supports 999
Febrile seizures, recurrence of 689 Fertilization 3
Fibronectin assay 982
Fecundability 1019 Fertilized ovum, implantation of 988
Fibronectin nephropathy 825
Felbamate 342 Fetal alcohol syndrome 995
Fibroplant 992
Feline esophagus 878, 1188, 1213 Fetal
Fibrosarcoma 944
Felon 725 blood 967
Fibrosis 1130
Felson’s Silhouette sign 1169 bradycardia 971
pulmonary 815
Felypressin 1146 breathing movements 6
Fibrous
Female cardiac function 974
ankylosis 739
anopheles mosquito, distribution of 451 circulation, physiology of 672, 967
athlete triad 865 complications 995 histiocytoma, malignant 926
condom 989 death, radiology of 1183 joints 24
external genitalia 997, 997f development 967 subtypes of 24f
factor infertility, treatment of 1023 heart 672 Fibula 49
genital organs 1008 rate monitoring 971 shaft of 730
genitourinary tract 244 hematopoiesis 967 Fick’s law 1152
infertility, causes of 1021 lung maturity, tests of 966 Figure of 8 heart 1185
nematodes, types of 284 membranes 963, 965 Filamentous hemagglutinin 258
pelvic organs, anatomy of 997 movement count 972 Filaria detection tests 465
sex hormones 521 parts 993 Filarial nematodes 286
sterilization 991 postnatal derivatives 10 Filarial worms 286
urethra 11, 90 scalp blood sampling 972 Filariasis 287
Feminization, testicular 1006 skull stages of 464
Femoral artery 55f, 59 diameters of 974 treatment of 287
Femoral canal 55 widest transverse diameter of 974 Filiform papillae 103
node 922 station 977 Filovirus 271
Femoral head, blood supply of 47 urine formation 6 Fimbria 231
Femoral hernia 895 varicella 692 Final metabolic pathway summary 211f
Femoral muscles, posterior 1225 weight, estimation of 970 Fincham’s test 565
Femoral nerve 50, 56 Feticide 517 Fine-needle aspiration cytology 838
Index I-23

Finger Flucloxacillin 348 Fordyce spot 18, 1076


in glove sign 1185 Flucytosine 353 Forearm muscles, actions of anterior 37
infections 269 Fluid Foreign bodies, types of 594
printing 500 attenuation inversion recovery 1159 Forensic ballistics 513
bureau 444 output 872 Forensic medicine 490, 522
ulnar deviation of 829 replacement 876 Forensic odontology 498
Finkelstein’s test 858 Flukes 282 Forensic psychiatry 517
Finn test 1048 Fluocinonide 1079 Forgotten tendon 1221
Firearm weapon, parts of 513 Fluorescein staining 547f Formaldehyde 235
Firearms, types of 513 Fluorescence in situ hybridization 424 Fosamprenavir 303
Firing gun, products of 514 Fluoride therapy 635 Foscarnet 354
First life test 517 Fluoroacetate inhibits aconitase 213 Fosfomycin 349
First order kinetics 317 Fluoroquinolones 352 Fossa navicularis 997
First pelvic grip 976f Fluoroscopy 1156 Fossa ovalis 10
Fischer’s exact probability test 440 Fluothane 1142 Fossa, popliteal 56
Fischer’s grading 781 Fluoxetine 1114 Foster Fuch’s spot 537f
Fish odor syndrome 1076 Flupenthixol 1114 Fothergill’s operation, steps of 1013
Fish-tank granuloma 1058 Fluphenazine 1114, 1223 Fothergill’s repair 1013
Fissure 1038 Flurazepam 1105 Fothergill’s sign 858
Fistula in ano 890 Fluticasone 1079 Fournier’s gangrene 875
Fistula test 623 Fluvoxamine 1114 Fourth nerve palsy 799
Fitz Hugh Curtis syndrome 249 Focal Fovea coccygea 889
Fitzpatrick sign 1040 bone erosions 829 Foveolar hyperplasia, massive 884
Fitzpatrick skin type classification 1065 fat 1157 Foville syndrome 801
Fixations systems 712 morbid adherent placenta 980 Fox’s sign 858
Flaccid paralysis 294, 355 nodular hyperplasia 940 Fox-Fordyce disease 1076
segmental glomerulosclerosis 405 Fracture
Flag sign 700f, 1040
Fodere test 517 clavicle 721, 722
Flagella 231
Fogarty’s catheter 929f greater tuberosity of humerus 721
Flagellar antigen H 254
Folate antagonist 362 healing, stages of 710
Flagellar VI antigen 254
Folate deficiency 402 Le Fort classification of 643f
Flail chest 927
Foley’s catheters 929f multiple pathological 742f
Flame figures 390
Folic acid 219 neck femur, bilateral 726f
Flash burns 518
Follicular adenoma 908 orbital wall 595
Flashback phenomenon 1110
Follicular aspiration 1024 pathological 742f
Flatbush diabetes 848
Follicular cells 907 three sites of 643f
Flattened hemidiaphragm 1175
Follicular hyperplasia, reactive 1221 unsolved 1221
Flavivirus 270
Follicular phase 1000 Fracture-ala signature 512f
Flavodoxin 195 Folliculitis decalvans 1051 Fragile-X syndrome 428
Flea bitten kidney 824 Folstein mini-mental status Framboesiform syphilide 1082
Fleischer’s ring 548 examination 1090 Framingham study 769
Fleischner lines 813 Fondaparinux sodium 345 Francisella tularensis 257
Fleischner sign 1180 Fonsecaea pedrosoi 275 Frank and Ingram procedure 1008
Fleshy tumor 949 Food Frank Starling law 150
Flexometallic tubes 1124 borne 259 Frank’s sign 858
Flexor pollicis longus 716f toxicants 478 Fredrickson classification 203
Flexor retinaculum 54 vessel 1088 Free radical induced cell injury 377
Flexor surfaces 1071 Foot Free-floating anxiety 1101
Flexor withdrawal reflex 176 dorsum of 58f French paradox 1222
Flexures, reticulate dry gangrene of 1211f Frenkel’s skin test 278
hyperpigmentation of 1080 skeleton of 49 Frequency polygon 440
Flipping effect 1213 Football sign 1179 Fresh frozen plasma 1150
Floating membrane sign 1185 Foramen ovale 10, 98 transfusion 1150
Floating teeth appearance 1165f Force theory, couple of 977 Fresh gas inflow rate 1135
Floret cells 390 Forced alkaline diuresis 525 Freshman’s nerve 54
Flower cells 390 Forced postures torture 510 Freud’s topographic theory of mind 1116
Flower petal appearance 581f Forceps 994 Friedreich’s ataxia 589, 783
Flowmeters 1134 Forchheimer sign 1040 Friedreich’s sign 858
types of 1134f Forchheimer spots 858 Frog’s egg colony 250
I-24 Sure Success MAGIC

Froment’s sign 716, 716f, 858 Gallium scan 1198 Gastric cell types 173
Frontal gait disorder 746 Gallows traction 712, 712f Gastric contents, aspiration of 1126, 1144
Frontal hairline recession 1052 Gallstone 899, 1185 Gastric emptying, factors regulating 171
Frontalis sling 602 complications of 899 Gastric lavage 526f
Frozen section biopsy 882 ileus 888, 899 Gastric lymphoma, primary 946
Frozen shoulder 718 Galton system 500 Gastric motility, types of 170
Fructose 208 Galvanic skin response 1120 Gastric operations 883
metabolism, disorders of 207 Galvanic test 622 Gastric polyps 946
Fruity breath odor 848 Gamete intrafallopian transfer 1024 Gastric rugae 884
Fruity signs in radiology 1189 Gamma alcoholism 1108 Gastric secretion 173
Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy 552 Gamma amino butyric acid 342, 1094 Gastric ulcer 881, 882, 882f
Fundoplication 878 Gamma camera 1197 benign 1180
Fundoscopy 582 Gamma interferon 314
complications of 882
Fungal Gamma irradiated blood 1150
malignant 1180
cysts black 1203f Gamma knife radiosurgery 1194
types of 882
infections, deep 273 Gamma radiation 236
Gastric vagotomy, proximal 882, 883
keratitis 548 Gamna-Favre bodies 858
Gastric volvulus 884
skin infections 1068 Ganciclovir 354
Gandy-Gamna Gastrinoma 850
ulcer 548f triangle 884, 885
Fungi bodies 388
nodules 858 Gastritis 881
imperfecti 1068 acute 881
morphological classification of 1068 Gang rape, punishment for 491
Ganges delta 261 Gastroenteritis 255
Fungiform papillae 103
Ganglion 718 acute 254, 268
Fungus 275, 1109
cell triad of 531
ball 275
absence of 684 Gastroesophageal reflux disease 338,
Fusidic acid 351
death 566 877, 1213
Fusion inhibitor 302, 304
submandibular 108 Gastrointestinal
Gangliosides 198 distress 304, 402
G Gangrene 918 hormones 171
G6PD deficiency 209, 406 Gangrenous necrosis 374 illness 261
GABA derivative 324 Ganser’s syndrome 1102 motility 170
Gabapentin 342, 1056 Gaol fever 850 stromal tumors 946
Gadolinium 1159 Gap junctions 135 structures 76
Garden classification 726 system 338, 772, 877, 1179
Gaenslen’s test 1216
Gardner and Venkataraman tract 9
Gail model 911
classification 260 Gastrojejunocolic fistula 883
Gaillard Thomas incision 872
Gardner syndrome 935 Gastrojejunostomy 883, 883f
Gait 746
Gardnerella vaginalis 1010 Gastroschisis 15, 1210f
cycle 746
Gargoylism 866 Gaucher’s cell 388
dyspraxia 1090
Garland’s triad 1184 Gaucher’s disease 1221
shuffling 782
Garrod’s pads 858
Galactokinase deficiency 206 Gaussian distribution 1209f
Garrod’s tetrad 193
Galactose Gay-Lussac’s law 1152
Gartner duct cyst 1008
and lactose metabolism, disorders of 206 Gaze evoked amaurosis 961
Gas
binds 867 Gaze palsy, horizontal 802
embolism 875
epimerase deficiency 206 Geiger-Muller counter 1197
laws 1152
Galactosemia 935 Gel filtration chromatography 1227
Gas-bloat syndrome 878
Galantamine 1090 Gaskin’s maneuver 981 Gelatins 1151
Galeazzi fracture 724f Gasless abdomen 928 Gelineau’s syndrome 1105
dislocation 723 Gasserian fissure 606 Gelle’s test 618
Galeazzi sign 732f Gastric acid Gelsemium poisoning 526
Gallavardin effect 750 hypersecretion 885 Gemtuzumab 315
Gallavardin phenomenon 858 neutralization of 338 Gender dysphoria 1121
Gallbladder 85, 897, 898, 900 secretion, reduction of 338 Gendre’s solution 393
adenomyomatosis of 1158f Gastric arterial venous malformation 885 Gene 437
cancer of 942 Gastric cancer 937, 944, 946 therapy 361
carcinoma 932 TNM staging of 945 potential complications of 361
cholesterolosis of 899 Gastric carcinoma 932, 944 transfer 361
wall 1158f prognosis of 945 methods 361
Index I-25

Generalized anxiety disorder 1101 Giant hypertrophy 884 Glucocorticoid 785, 840, 982
cardinal features 1101 Giant platelets 410 synthesis inhibitors 356
treatment 1101 Giardia intestinalis 289 treatment 840
Genetic 423 Giardia lamblia 276 Glucogenic amino acids 208
disorders, classification of 428 Gibbon’s hernia 896 Glucokinase 208
Geniculate body lesions, lateral 793 Gibbs-Donnan effect 130 Gluconeogenesis 208
Geniculate ganglion 1214 Gibson’s murmur 751 functions of 208
Genital Gluconeogenic pathway 209f
Giemsa stains 1082
Glucose 128
herpes 1082 Gille’s de la Tourette syndrome 1113
estimation of 206
homologues 11 Gilmore’s groin 896 polyol pathway of 205
infections 269 Gingivostomatitis 269 transporters 206, 359
organs 969 Gitelman syndrome 825 Glutamate 190
ridge 5 Glaister keen rod 1222 Glutamic acid 404
tuberculosis 1011 Gland 18 Glutamine 189
ulcer 1085 classification of 18fc Glutaraldehyde 235, 393
warts, treatment of 1057 deep part of 108 Glutathione, functions of 188
Genitalia 1050 of Zeis 18 Gluteal artery, superior 728
development of external 997 pituitary 834 Gluteal hernia 895
external 997 sublingual 108 Gluten-sensitive enteropathy 772
male 925 submandibular 108, 958 Gluteus medius gait 746
Genitofemoral nerve, genital branch of 894 Glans penis 953, 1050 Glycerol 208
Genitoulcerative disease 1085 Glyceryl trinitrate 332
Glanzmann thrombasthenia 420
Genitourinary fistulae 1013 Glycine 187, 190, 195, 215
Glasgow coma scale 920
Genome 437 Glycocalyx 131
Glasgow outcome score 921 Glycogen 210
Genomic imprinting 435fc
Glasgow score 901 fungus 393
Gentamicin 350
Glaucoma 567, 604 metabolism 210
Geometrical isomerism 205
absolute 573 storage disease 210
Gepirone 1116
angle recession 573 synthetase 210
Gerhardt’s sign 858
basics 563 Glycogenesis 210
Germ cell
congenital 566f Glycogenolysis 210
primordial 3 Glycolysis 207, 209
lens related 572
tumors 954, 1030 characteristics of 207
malignant 573
non-seminomatous 953 inhibitors of 207
neovascular 572
Germ layer derivatives 6 irreversible steps of 207
phacolytic 572f
Germ theory of disease 443 Glycoprotein 205
steroid-induced 572
German measles 693 transferrin 401
Gestational age 973, 993 Glaucomatocyclitic crisis 573
Glycopyrrolate 321
Gestational diabetes mellitus 987 Glaucomatous optic nerve 567f
Glycosaminoglycans 204
Gestational sac 973 Gleason score 932 Goblet cells 542
Gestational trophoblastic Glecaprevir 369 Goeckerman regimen 1045
diseases 1031 Glenohumeral ligaments 31 Goetz sign 858
neoplasia 1034 Glenoid labrum 31 Gold chloride 522
Gestrinone 1006 Glioblastoma multiforme 955, 1208f Gold standard test 905
Ghon complex 807 Gliomas 954 Goldmann applanation tonometry 565f
Ghon focus 807 Glipizide 317 Golf hole ureter 809
Ghost cells 390 Global hunger index 445, 1217 Golfer’s elbow 37, 722
Globus hystericus 657, 1102 Golgi complex 132
Ghrelin 172
Glomangioma 386 Golgi tendon
Gianotti Crosti syndrome 1080
Glomerular capillary pressure 166 organ 175
Giant cell 383, 831
reflex 175
arteritis 778, 798, 812f Glomerular filtration 167
Gomez classification 698
astrocytomas, subependymal 788 barrier 166
Gomori’s methenamine silver 393
hepatitis 671 Glomerulonephritis, acute 244
Gomorrah, sin of 521
multinucleated 808f Glomerulosclerosis, nodular 824f Gomphosis 24f
tumor 742f Glomus tumors 386, 637, 923, 1206f Gonadal dysgenesis 935, 1006
benign 745 Glossopharyngeal nerve 924, 1214 Gonadoblastoma 1031
late feature of 742f Glottic cancer 1224 Gonadotropin
Giant condyloma 1057 Glucagon-like peptide 172, 357 natural 1003
Giant fibroadenoma 911 Glucagonoma 850 releasing hormone 1003
Giant granules 390 syndrome 1067 Gonda’s sign 858
I-26 Sure Success MAGIC

Gonioscopy 564f Greater sac 76 Haglund’s deformity 868, 1214


Goniotomy 566 Greater sciatic notch 46 Hailey-Hailey disease 1070, 1074, 1074f
Gonopak medium 249 Greater tubercle 28 Hair 499, 1064
Gonorrhea 227, 1039 Grenz ray therapy 1079, 1217 basics 1051
Goodell’s sign 858, 969 Grenz zone 1041 cells 611, 614
Goodpasture’s syndrome 822, 823f Grey Turner’s sign 858, 921 inner 614
Goodsall’s rule 858, 890 Gridiron’s incision 893f outer 614
Gordon’s sign 858 Griesinger’s sign 632 follicle tumors, benign 1080
Gorlin’s sign 1041 Grievous hurt 512 growth phase 1051
Goserelin 1017 Grievous injury 512 miniaturization of 1052
Gossypiboma 884 Griffin classification 726 Hairy cell leukemia 413, 414f
Gottron’s papules 858, 1064 Griffith’s sign 858 Hairy leukoplakia, oral 269
Gout, drugs for 329 Griseofulvin 353 Halban’s sign 1018
Gower’s sign 142, 858 Groin hernia, NYHUS classification of 894 Haldane’s carmine 534
Graafian follicle 1022 Groin pain 1012 Haldane’s effect 163
Gradenigo’s syndrome 632 Groove sign 1040 Half and half nails 1067
Gradenigo’s triad 865 Growing skeleton 710 Hall’s stain 393
Grafts, types of 312 Growth hormone Haller cell 639
Graft-versus-host disease 833, 1152 related drugs 356 Haller, layer of 574
Graham Steele murmur 751, 858 secretion, regulation of 834 Hallervorden-Spatz disease 589
Graham’s law 1152 Growth plate healing 747 Hallpike maneuver 621
Gram negative Growth retardation 192, 221 Hallucinations
bacilli 228 Growth, laws of 661 gustatory 1087
cocci 228 Guanylate cyclase stimulator 760 olfactory 1087
enteric bacilli 252 Guanylin 172 Hallucinogen 1111
rod 1081 Guardian of genome 378 Hallux valgus 718
Gram positive Guarnieri bodies 390 deformity
bacilli 228 Gubernaculum testis 12 bilateral 719f
cocci 228 Guillain-Barre syndrome 525, 783 radiographs of 719f
classification of 239 Guinea worm 455 Halo sign 641
lactobacilli 998 Gull wing appearance 1188 reverse 1184
Grand multipara 995 Gunn’s sign 858 Halogens 236
Granular immunofluorescence 823f Gunpowder 515 Halo-pelvic traction 712
Granular layer, prominent 1046 residue, tests for 515 Haloperidol 782, 1113, 1114
Granulation tissue 1081 Guselkumab 369 Halophilic vibrios 261
Granulocyte colony stimulating Gustilo-Anderson classification 713 Halos sign 1183
Gut
factor 314, 397f Halothane 1133, 1140-1142
malrotation of 927
Granuloma 383 hepatitis 1142
walls of 5
annulare 1055 pharmacology 1142
Gut-derived neurotoxins 817
inguinale 1081 shakes 1142
Guthrie’s test 192
noncaseating 812f, 1059 systemic effects of 1142
Guttate psoriasis 244
peribronchial 283 Halsted’s radical mastectomy 914
Guttman’s sign 1139
Granulomatosis infantisepticum 263 Hamartoma 932, 1171
Gutzman’s pressure test 1224
Granulomatous disease 833 Hamartomatous polyp 932
Guyon’s tunnel syndrome 717f
chronic 314, 381 Hamburger sign 1040
Gynecomastia 338, 910
Granulomatous inflammation 383 mesenteric 1189
right-sided 910f
Granulomatous inflammatory disease, Hamilton Norwood scale 1052
chronic 811 Hamilton ruler test 720
Granulomatous uveitis 1083 H Hamman’s sign 858, 921
Granulosa cell tumor 1032, 1033 H7N9 avian influenza 466 Hammer thumb 37
Grapes sign, bunch of 1189 Haab’s striae 566 Hampton’s hump 858
Grattage test 1043, 1044f Habit tic dystrophy 1067 Hampton’s line 858
Grave wax 505 Hacek organism 250 Hand 38
Graves’ disease 838, 839 Hadlock’s formula 970 deformities 725
Grayhack shunt 1226 Haemophilus fine tremors of 529
Grazoprevir 370 aegyptius 227 foot
Great cardiac vein, continuation of 71f ducreyi 250, 1081 and mouth disease 1057
Great saphenous vein 59 influenzae 227, 249, 405, 548, 805 syndrome 367, 404
Greater auricular nerve, enlarged 1200f meningitis 688 spaces of 45
Index I-27

Handbag stomach 884 assessment of 617 Helcine arteries of penis 90


Handkerchief test 641 disorders, congenital 623 Helfet test 729
Hang glider sign 1076 loss 624, 630 Helicase 224
Hanger yoke 1133 noise induced 625 Helicobacter pylori 880
Hanging curtain sign 1040, 1047 sensorineural 624 eradication 880
Hannington-Kiff sign 858 tests, types of 617 Heliotrope rash 1064
Hansen’s disease 444, 1058, 1200f Heart 68, 70, 1194 Heliox 1154
Haploid 423 block 757 Helium 1133
Haptens 306 blood supply of 69 Helix, alpha 195
Haptic hallucinations 1088 borders 72, 1176 Heller’s cardiomyotomy 878, 878f
Harada’s disease 587 conducting Heller’s myotomy 922
Hard cataract 559 system of 71, 147 Hellin’s rule 985
Hard exudates 584f tissue of 71f HELLP syndrome 986
Hard palate 104 disease 987 Helly’s fixative 393
Hard water, classification of 457 congenital 674, 756 Helminths 276, 280
Hardness of water 457 rheumatic 755, 759, 767 Helper T cells 307
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium 436 external features of 68 Hemangioblastoma 955
Harmonic scalpel 874 failure 1140 Hemangioma 941
Harp syndrome 589 congestive 760 Hematogenous metastases 951
Harrison’s groove 859 newer drugs for 760 Hematogenous spread 912
Harrison’s sulcus 1164 inferior surfaces of 70f Hematologic disorders 827
Hartman’s solution 1151 irregularities of 769 Hematoma
Hartmann’s procedure 886 murmur 750 large extradural 781f
intensity of 750 of auricle 627
Hartnup disease 194
myxoma of 770 subdural 781f, 1090
Hashimoto thyroiditis 908f
nerve supply 71, 148 subperiosteal 1164
Hasner’s valve 639
posterior aspect of 71f Hematopoiesis, normal 397f
Hatchcock’s sign 859
rate Hematopoietic system 324
Haverhill fever 850
age predicted maximal 868 Hematospermia 826
Head
calculation of 753, 753f Hematoxylin bodies 389
and neck
factors affecting 150 Heme
bones and joints of 97
sound 749 catabolism 214
ganglia of 110
second 750f oxygenase 214
nerves of 109
surface of 68 synthesis 214
cheese sign 1189
tube Hemiarthroplasty, bilateral 726f
circumference 662
embryological derivatives 9 Hemiazygos vein 96
computed tomography scan of 1161 main subdivisions of 10f accessory 96
engagement of 974 tumors 770 Hemidesmosomes 1036
halter traction 712 valves 69, 767 Hemiplegia, spastic 690
injuries 512 Heat and cold injuries 518 Hemivertebra 735
lice 1076 Heat burn 878 Hemochromatosis 759, 819, 935
light sign 1040 Heat capacity, specific 1153 secondary 819
malformations 688 Heat cramps 518 Hemodialysis 525
of pancreas, carcinoma 1180 Heat exhaustion 518 complications of 821
shake test 623 Heat prostration 518 Hemodynamics 385
thrust test 623 Heat stress index 476 basics of 152
trauma, severe 803 Heatstroke 518 Hemoglobin 195, 213
Headache 332, 778, 954, 1106, 1137 Hebephrenic schizophrenia 1093 modifications 214
lumbar puncture 778 Heberden’s node 859 structure 213
postspinal 1137 Hedonism 1096 Hemolysins 241
thunderclap 778 Heel drop test 892 Hemolysis, chronic 404
worst 781 Heel pad sign 1187 Hemolytic anemia 403
Healed scars 509f Heerfordt-Waldenstrom syndrome 812 microangiopathic 407, 420
Healing, earliest signs of 1164 Hegar’s dilators 1112 Hemolytic bacteria 242
Health adjusted life expectancy 445 Hegar’s sign 859, 970 Hemolytic uremic syndrome 253,
Hearing Hegglin anomaly 410 420, 824, 865
aids 626 Height, factors affecting 1136 Hemophilia 421, 431f
principle of 626 Heimlich maneuver 1136 Hemophiliac arthritis 1166
types of 626 Hektoen enteric agar 253 Hemoptysis, massive 926
I-28 Sure Success MAGIC

Hemorragica histrionica 1104 Hepatocellular carcinoma 933, 936, 941 High pressure system 1133
Hemorrhage fibrolamellar variant of 942 High progesterone levels 965
flame shaped 796f Hepatocellular injury 987 Higoumenaki’s sign 1040
postpartum 978 Hepatocyte cytoplasm, replacement of 1204f Hildreth’s sign 859, 923
splinter 766, 1067 Hepatolenticular degeneration 867 Hilgenreiner’s line 734
subarachnoid 330, 781 Hepatotoxicity 336 Hill Sachs lesion 720
subdural 780 Herbert’s pits 545f Hill’s criteria of causal association 485
subendocardial 528 Hereditary angioneurotic edema 1006 Hilum 1169
subepidermal 1078 Hereditary hemochromatosis–autosomal Hilus cell 1000
subhyaloid 584f recessive 819 tumor 1032
suprachoroidal 1214 Hereditary spherocytosis 406, 407f Hinchey classification 886
types of 871 Hereditary tyrosinemia 193 Hind Kusht Nivaran Sangh 1059
vitreous 573 Hering-Breuer Hinge
Hemorrhagic cystitis 268 deflation reflex 164 brace 729
Hemorrhagic pancreatitis, acute 921 inflation reflex 164 joint 25f
Hemorrhagic shock, classification of 871 Hermansky Pudlak syndrome 1065 Hip
Hemorrhoidal plexus, inferior 890 Hernia 894, 895 bone 45
Hemorrhoids dual 895 conditions 725
external 890 internal 887 congenital dislocation of 733
four degrees of 890 lumbar 895 dislocation 727
internal 890 obturator 895 joint 49, 50
treatment of 890 paraumbilical 895 ligaments of 49
Hemostasis, tests of 421 repair 896 stabilisers of 49
Hemotympanum 790 sciatic 895 transient synovitis of 738
Hippocrates maneuver 720
Henderson-Patterson bodies 390 sliding 895
Hippocratic face 859
Henneman principle 145, 146 surgery, basics of 896
Hippocratic fingers 859
Henoch-Schonlein purpura 686, 824, 832 umbilical 895
Hippocratic nails 1067
Henry’s law 1109, 1152 Hernia-en-glissade 895
Hirano bodies 392
Hensen’s node 4 Heroin 706, 1110, 1111
Hirschberg test 859
Heparin 345, 346, 1051, 1080 Herpes genitalis 1010
Hirschsprung’s disease 684, 891, 1201f
induced thrombocytopenia 419 Herpes gladiatorum 1056
Hirsutism 1016
Hepatic adenoma 940 Herpes labialis 269
Histamine 324, 381, 1080
Hepatic angiosarcoma 936 Herpes progenitalis 1082
challenge 804
Hepatic artery 1220 Herpes simplex 1056
H1 receptor blockade 1114
Hepatic cysts 904 keratitis 549
receptors and actions 324
Hepatic encephalopathy 817 virus 269 related drugs 325
Hepatic failure 1114 Herpes viruses 268 test 1062
Hepatic lobule 84 Herpes zoster 692, 1051, 1056, 1078 Histidine 188-190
Hepatic microsomal enzyme inducers 318 ophthalmicus 300, 550, 550f, 1056 Histiocytosis 1165f, 1167f
Hepatic porphyrias 216 oticus 1056 Histocompatibility complex, major 312
Hepatitis 1082 uveitis 577 Histogram 440
A 271 Herpetic whitlow 1056 Histoid leprosy 1060
B 271 Hertoghe’s sign 1040, 1049 Histone deacetylase inhibitors 365
prophylaxis 272 Hess test 859 Histoplasmosis 274
serology 273 Hesselbach’s triangle 894 Hit and run drugs 318
B virus 272, 937, 1080 Heteroplasmy 437 Hitzelberger’s sign 606
mutants 272 Heteroploidy 437 HIV 300
C 271, 1214 Heterozygotes 404 chronology 295
chronic 898 Hexokinase 208 diagnosis of 301
virus 937 Hexosaminidase, beta 1080 infection 297
virus essentials 273 Heyde’s syndrome 887 stages of 296
D 271 HHH syndrome 1219 structure of 295f
E 271 Hiatus hernia 879, 1180 Hobnail cell 1031, 1032
neonatal 388 types of 879f Hockey stick sign 1183
serum 271 Hide Porter’s disease 258 Hodgkin’s cells 415f
viruses 271 Hidebound sign 1188 Hodgkin’s disease 366
Hepatobiliary scan 1198, 1199 Hidradenitis suppurativa 1075, 1075f Hodgkin’s lymphoma 414, 415f, 416,
Hepatoblastoma 942 High attenuating crescent sign 1185 417, 937
Hepatobronchial fistula 897 High court 492 types 414
Index I-29

Hofbauer cells 964 immunodeficiency virus infection 833 Hydrogenation 199


Hoffmann’s sign 859 male cell 423 Hydrolytic enzymes 133
Holladay formula 560 menopausal gonadotropin 1023 Hydronephrosis 1200f
Hollenhorst plaque 859 oncogenic viruses 937 Hydrophidae 533
Holmes Adie’s pupil 792 organs act, transplantation of 490 Hydrophobia 462
Holocrine glands 18 papilloma virus 268, 1028, 1056 Hydrophobic amino acids 1227
Holoprosencephaly 14, 995 parvovirus B19 693 Hydropneumothorax 1175
Holthouse hernia 896 placental lactogen 964 right sided 1176f
Homan’s sign 859, 1040 plasma derivatives 1151 Hydrops fetalis 268, 405, 665
Homatropine 321 porphyrias, classification of 216 causes of 665
Homeobox 1 prion diseases 790 nonimmune 665
Homocystinuria 193 T cell leukemia virus 937 Hydrops tubae profluens 1033
Homogentisic acid oxidase, Humerofemoral index 496 Hydrostatic test 517
congenital deficiency of 193 Humerus 28 Hydroxy acids 1079
Homologous glands 997 fracture Hydroxychloroquine 316, 329
Homovanillic acid 1119 shaft of 721 Hydroxyurea 364
Honeycomb surgical neck of 721 Hymenal tags 658
exudates 298 supracondylar fracture of 722 Hymenolepis nana 276, 282
lung 1171, 1189 Humidification 1153 egg of 279f
scutula 1069 Humphrey analyzer 568f Hyoid fracture, adduction type of 507f
Hoogsteen base pairs 223 Hunner’s ulcer 388 Hyperaldosteronism 843
Hookworm 284, 455 Hunt and Hess scale 781 Hyperbaric decompression sickness 815
Hoover’s sign 859, 864 Huntington’s disease 430f, 782, 1113, 1119 Hyperbaric oxygen therapy 163, 815
Hopkin’s cole test 189 Hurler’s syndrome 866, 1182
Hyperbilirubinemia
Hoppe-Seyler’s test 534 Hurthle cell 388
treatment of 670
Hordeolum externum 867 tumors 908
unconjugated 669
Hormone Hutchinson’s freckle 859
Hypercalcemic symptoms 417
dependent tumors 938 Hutchinson’s pupil 859
Hypercarbic respiratory failure 1148
estimation 1022 Hutchinson’s sign 550f, 859
Hyperchromatic irregular nuclei 1057f
replacement therapy 1007 Hutchinson’s teeth 859
Hyperchromicity 223
Horner’s syndrome 40, 794, 790, 794, 1139 Hutchinson’s triad 859, 865
Hypercoagulability 385
Horner-Tranta’s spots 544f Hyaline arteriolosclerosis 769f
Hyperemesis gravidarum 986
Horseshoe kidney 902, 903f, 904f Hyaline degeneration 1018
Hyperemia 385
Hospital addiction 1104 Hyaluronic acid 217
Hyperhomocysteinemia 193, 771
Host 291, 446 Hybridization 437
Hyperinflation on X-ray 1175
Hot cross bun sign 1189, 1218 Hydatid cyst 897
Hot tub lung 810, 1217 layers of 281 Hyperkalemia 754f, 1147
Hourglass stomach 884 Hydatid disease Hyperkalemic hypochloremic acidosis,
Housemaid’s knee 718, 718f malignant 281, 898 syndrome of 951
Houston’s valves 82, 1222 polycystic 281 Hyperkeratosis 528, 1039, 1046, 1080
Howell-Jolly bodies 400, 406 Hydatid fluid 281 subungual 1044, 1046
Howship’s lacuna 23f Hydatidiform mole 992, 993f, 1202f Hyperkinetic syndrome 1098
Howship-Romberg sign 859 partial 993 Hyperlinear palms 1049
HPV vaccines 268 persistent 1034 Hyperlipidemia 203, 1114
HSV Hydralazine 331 Hypermature cataract, types of 559
infection, neonatal 694 Hydrocele 1201f Hypermetropia 536
keratitis 550f acquired 925 treatment of 536
Hudson-Stahli line 548 congenital 925 Hypermetropic fundus 537f
Human surgery 929f Hypernephroma, triad of 866
breast milk 697 treatment of 925 Hyperosmolar coma 848
chorionic gonadotropin 964 Hydrocephalus 776, 921 Hyperparathyroidism 841, 1166
chromosome 424 Hydrochloric acid poisoning 528 clinical features of 841
karyotyping of 522 Hydrocyanic acid 527 primary 841, 842
development index 445 Hydrogen radiology of 842
female cell 423 bonded 19 severe secondary 867
genome project 423 ion concentration 184 Hyperphenylalaninemia 192
growth hormone 1104 nuclei, rearrangement of 1159 Hyperpigmentation 1046, 1066
hemoglobin, normal 213 sulfide 525 diffuse 1066
herpes virus 269, 937 gas 521, 1222 syndromes 1066
I-30 Sure Success MAGIC

Hyperplasia 372 Hypomenorrhea 1007 Idiopathic polyneuritis, acute 783


types of 1025 Hypoparathyroidism 842 Idiopathic polypoidal choroidal
Hyperplastic arteriolosclerosis 769f Hypopigmentation 1065 vasculopathy 592
Hyperplastic goiter, diffuse 907 Hypopituitarism, causes of 836 Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis 866
Hyperplastic primary vitreous, Hypoproteinemia 884 Idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis,
persistent 592 Hypopyon 831f diffuse 1168
Hyperplastic TB 886 sign 1038 Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura 419
Hyperprolactinemia 1023 uveitis 831 Idiosyncratic reactions 1113
drugs for 356 causes of 831 Idiot-Savant syndrome 1098
Hyperpyrexia, malignant 1127, 1142, 1147 Hypospadias 90 Idoxuridine 354
Hypersecretion glaucoma 573 Hypospermia 1020 Idraparinux sodium 345
Hypersegmented neutrophils 402 Hypotension 1137, 1138, 1139 Ifosfamide 362
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis 810 Hypothalamus 118 IgA nephropathy 687, 1204f
Hypersensitivity reactions 311 functions of 118 IgA protease 246
Hyperspermia 1020 Hypothenar muscles 38 Igawa’s test 716f
Hypertension 768, 769f Hypothermia 665, 851, 1146, 1152 Ileal dysfunction 772
benign 769f adverse effects of 1146 Ileocaecal tuberculosis 1180
malignant 795, 824 beneficial effects of 1147 Ileostomy 887
ocular 568 therapeutic 1147 Ileum 80
portal 817 Hypothesis 439 Ileus 890
pregnancy induced 986 Hypothyroidism 987, 1213 Iliac artery, branches
primary pulmonary 760, 988 clinical features of 839 of external 95
pulmonary 1106 congenital 194, 690 of internal 95
treatment of 769 treatment of 840 Iliac crest 45
Hypertensive choroidopathy 590 Hypotonia 193, 206, 433, 686, 690, 791 Iliac horns 1067, 1187
Hypertensive intracranial hemorrhage 803 Hypotonic crystalloids 1151 Iliac spine, anterior-inferior 747
Hypertensive retinopathy 590, 590f Hypotonic saline 424 Iliohypogastric nerve 896
grading of 590 Hypovolemia 1129 Imiglucerase 369
Hypertensive urgency and emergencies 332 Hypoxemic respiratory failure 1148 Iminodiacetic acid 900
Hyperthermia 850, 1191 Hypoxia 163, 927 Imipramine 1114
malignant 143 Hypoxic cell sensitizers 1195 Imiquimod 354
Hyperthermic isolated limb perfusion 957 Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy 667 Immature skeleton 710
Hyperthyroidism 1066 Hysteria 1101 Immune hydrops fetalis 665
treatment of 840 Hysterical fits 1102 Immune reconstitution
Hypertonic saline 1151 Hysterical gait 746 inflammatory syndrome 300
Hypertrichosis, lumbosacral 14f Hysterosalpingogram 1009f Immunity
Hypertrophic gastritis 884 Hysterosalpingography 1022 active 307
Hypertrophic obstructive Hysteroscopic method 991 adaptive 307
cardiomyopathy 765 passive 307
Hypertrophy 372 types of 307
Hypervascular tumor 949
I Immunodeficiency
Hyperventilation syndrome 1103 Iatrogenic urologic injury 906 diseases, primary 313
Hypoactive sexual desire 1111 Ibuprofen 778 syndromes 935
Hypocalcemia 1152 Ice Immunology 306
Hypocellular bone marrow 408 cream cone sign 1183 Immunoproliferative small intestinal
Hypochondriasis 1103 pack test 784 disease 947
Hypocretin, deficiency of 1105 Iceberg Immunosuppressive drugs 316
Hypogammaglobulinemia disease 769 Impedance audiometry 619
acquired 313 phenomenon of disease 445 Imperforate anus 889
transient 313 sign 1174 Imperforate hymen 1008
Hypoglossal nerve 108, 924 tip of 1184f Impetigo 1055
Hypoglycemia 849 Ichthyosis 1049, 1064 contagiosa 244, 1055
causes of 849 acquired 1067 herpetiformis 1043, 1043f
neonatal 668 Idarubicin 363 Impulse
Hypoglycemic agents, oral 1131 Idarucizumab 345 conduction speed of 147
Hypoglycemic drugs, oral 359 Idiopathic alveolar hypoventilation control disorder 1052, 1107, 1108
Hypogonadism 305 syndrome 1154 In utero exposure, potential effects of 1194
Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 1006 Idiopathic clubfoot 734 In vitro fertilization 1021, 1023
Hypokalemia 754f Idiopathic neonatal hepatitis, causes of 671 Inability of oxidation 192
Index I-31

Inactivated intranasal influenza vaccine 784 Inhalational agents 1141 Internal carotid arteries, intracranial
Incidentaloma 845 electrical activity of 1141 branches of 124f
Incisions 872 Inhalational anesthetics, Internal disease, skin manifestations of 1053
Incomitant squint 600 metabolism of 1143 Internal jugular vein, right 748
Incontinence, mixed 1014 Inherited blistering disorders 1074 International Classification of Diseases 444
Index finger, proximal phalanx of 719f Inherited hyperbilirubinemias 669 International Classification of ROP 591
India Newborn Action Plan 470 Inhibit glutamate release 783 International normalized ratio 853
Indian Evidence Act 490 Inhibit hormone synthesis 357 International Prognostic Index 417
Indian Lunacy Act 490, 517 Inhibit mycolic acid cell wall synthesis 336 International sensitivity index 853
Indian Mental Health Act 490 Inhibitors, entry 302 International staging system 853
Indian Motor Vehicles Act 490 Inhibitory interneurons 140 Internuclear ophthalmoplegia 802
Indian Penal Code 490 Injectable contraceptives, combined 992 Interosseous membrane,
Indirect ophthalmoscopy, procedure of 542f Injection, subcutaneous 1137 calcification of 1187
Indurated seminal vesicle 1080 Injury Interparietal hernia 895
Infant parasite rate 464 mechanism of 713 Interphalangeal joint
Infanticide 517 penetrating 771 distal 1044
Infantile Ink blot appearance 582f of thumb 716f
autism 1098 Inlet of larynx 650 Intersegmental artery 10
esotropia 599 Inlet, level of 975 Interstitial fluid volume 127
hypertrophic pyloric stenosis 683, 891 Innate immune system 307, 308 Interstitial hernia 895
Infantometer 663f Innate immunity against malaria 294 Interstitial implantation 963
Infarction 386 Inner ear, nerve supply of 611 Interstitial keratitis 552, 1083
Infection 1152, 1172 Inorganic dusts 810 Interstitial line sign 1184
nematode routes of 283 Inotuzumab ozogamycin 369 Interstitial pneumonia, nonspecific 815
Insall Salvati index 730
Infectious diseases, Interstitial pneumonitis 815
Insect bite hypersensitivity 1077
skin manifestations of 1055 nonspecific 298
Insect borne diseases 449
Infectious hepatitis 271 Intertarsal joints 52
Insomnia 1096, 1105
Infectious mononucleosis 830 Intertrochanteric fracture 727
Insufficient apoptosis, diseases of 375
Infectious purpura fulminans, acute 1080 Intervertebral disk calcification 1167
Insulin 357, 1131
Infective endocarditis 766, 767 Intestinal diverticula 886
inhaled 359
Infective proctitis, causes of 889 Intestinal epithelium 208
like growth factors 1
Infectivity, periods of 449 Intestinal flukes 283
resistance 357, 358, 1016
Infertility 1016, 1017, 1019 Intestinal human nematodes 283
Insulinoma 850
Inflammation Intestinal lymphoma 772
Integral proteins 131
acute 327, 380, 910f Intestinal metaplasia containing
Integrase inhibitors 302
anemia of 401 Intelligence quotient 1099 goblet cells 880f
cellular events of acute 380 Intelligence test 1119 Intestinal obstruction 887, 888, 1179
Celsus signs of 856 Intensified diarrhea control fortnight 471 acute 889
chronic 383 Intensity modulated radiation therapy 1195 types of 887
serous 380 Intentional tremor 791 Intestine 387
Inflammatory bowel disease 774, 1054 Interatrial septum 10, 69 large 80, 81
extraintestinal manifestations of 775 Intercellular connections 134 small 772, 946, 1108
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor 868 Intercostal muscles 62 Intimal tears 768
Inflammatory pustular infection 1068 Intercostal veins, posterior 63f Intra-articular fossae 32
Information Technology Act 1228 Interferon Intracavitary fibroid 1019f
Infrahyoid muscles 106 alpha 314, 950, 957 Intracellular accumulations 377
Infrapatellar bursitis, infected 718f beta 314 Intracellular protein buffers 872
Infrared thermography 1161 gamma release assay 454 Intracerebral brain hemorrhage 1208f
Infundibulum 999 properties of 309 Intracerebral hemorrhage 780
Ingram regimen 1045 types of 309 Intracranial calcification
Ingram sign 1040 Interleukin 397f abnormal 1182
Inguinal bubo 1085 Interlocking nailing 728f normal 1182
Inguinal canal 894 Intermediate syndrome 531 Intracranial hemorrhage 780
boundaries of 894 Intermembral index 496 Intracranial hypertension, benign 795
Inguinal hernia 896 Intermittent claudication 918 Intracranial pressure 865
Inguinal lymph nodes 953 Intermittent explosive disorder 1108 Intracranial space occupying lesions 795
Inguinal region anatomy 894 Intermittent hydronephrosis 826 Intracytoplasmic sperm injection 1021
Inguinal ring, deep 894 Intermittent positive pressure Intralesional corticosteroid 1051
Inguinal syndrome 1081 ventilation 927 Intraneuronal inclusion bodies 392
I-32 Sure Success MAGIC

Intraocular lenses 560 Irreversible cell injury 373, 1223 Janeway lesions 766, 767, 859
Intraocular pressure 564 Irritable bowel syndrome 1103 Japanese detergent suicide
Intraosseous injection 1137 Irritant contact dermatitis 1048 technique 521, 1222
Intraparenchymal hemorrhage 780f Irving’s method 991 Japanese encephalitis 444, 465
Intrapleural pressure 156 Isapirone 1116 vaccine 461
Intrauterine Isavuconazonium sulfate 370 Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction 1084
contraceptive device 990 Ischemia Jaundice 216, 988
growth retardation 992 mesenteric 886 neonatal 669, 995
insemination 1021 reperfusion injury 374 Jaw osteonecrosis 745
pregnancy 988 Ischemic attacks, transient 780 Jeep disease 889
Intravascular dye 1129 Ischemic colitis 887, 1180 Jehovah’s witnesses 1152
Intravascular injection 1137 Ischemic optic neuropathy, anterior 797 Jejunal biopsy 588
Intravenous Ischemic stroke Jejunal diverticula 886
anesthetic agents 1139
acute 1160 Jejunum 80
infusions 1141
right 1200f Jellinek’s classification 1108
urogram 1181
Ischial tuberosity 45 Jendrassik maneuver 859
Intravitreal avastin 572
attachments of 46f Jenkin’s rule 874
Intrinsic factor of castle 403
Intrinsic renal azotemia 820 Ischiorectal fossa 93 Jerky pulses 749
Intubation ISGEO classification 571 Jervell and Lange-Nielsen
granuloma 657 Islands of sparing 1065 syndrome 623, 753, 758
technique of 1125 Isoflurane 1140, 1141, 1142 Jewett nail 726f
Intussusception Isolated well-developed skills 1098 Job’s syndrome 314
acute 1179 Isomerism 86 Jockey’s itch 1069
parts of 1207f Isomers 205 Jod-Basedow phenomenon 840
Invasive mole 1034 Isoniazid 336 Joffroy’s sign 859
Invasive ventilation 1148 Iso-osmolar non-ionic dimer 1162 Johannes de Ketham’s fasciculus
Inverted papilloma 643 Isopropyl alcohol 1080 medicinae 867
Invertogram 1185 Isoproterenol 322 John Thomas sign 859
Involuntary muscle 146 Isosorbide 570 Johnson’s formula 970
Iodinated contrast Isospora belli 299 Joint 24
agents 1162 Isotonic crystalloid 1151, 1213 anomalies, multiple 995
media, uses of 1162 Isotonic formula 876 erosions 829
Iodinated water soluble contrast agents, Isotopes 217 functional classification of 24
classification of 1162 Isotopic phenomenon 1078 Jolly’s test 859
Iodine 457, 478 Isotretinoin 706, 1051 Jones criteria 859
Iodine-131 hippuran 1197 Isovaleric acidemia 193 Jones dye testing 593
Iodophores 236 Istanbul protocol 523 Jones silver stain 395
Ion pumps 129
Isthmus 998, 999 Jones’ fracture, radiograph of 710f
Ionizing power 1190
Itai-Itai disease 530 Jordans’ anomaly 391
Ionizing radiation 936
Itchy urticarial plaques 1071 Joubert’s syndrome 826
cellular effects of 1191
Ito cell 84, 388 Joule burn 518
types of 1190
Ipilimumab 315, 365, 958 IUGR, causes of 703 J-shaped sella turcica 1182
Ipratropium 321 Ivabradine 760 Judicial electrocution 522
Iridium-92 1193 Ivacaftor 369 Jugular foramen syndrome 637
Iridocorneal endothelial syndromes 573 Ivermectin 355 Jugular fossa lymph node 922
Iridocyclitis 575 single oral dose 1076 Jugular vein
acute 831f Ixekizumab 315 external 95
Iris internal 95, 924
hamartomas 932 Jugular venous pulse 748
J
nodules 580 Juvenile court 493
Irish node 868, 922 J stent right side 1207f Juvenile Justice Act 490
Iron 182, 548 Jaboulays procedure 925 Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma 645
absorption 401 Jack-knife position 868 Juxta-articular osteoporosis 829
factors influencing 401 Jackson’s staging 932, 953 Juxtaglomerular apparatus 166f
deficiency 294 Jacobson nerve 125
anemia 401, 402f Jacquemier’s maneuver 981
causes of 401 Jacquemier’s sign 969 K
metabolism essentials 401 Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram 470 Kahn test-tube flocculation test 1083
regulatory hormone 401 Janani Suraksha Yojana 470 Kala azar 444
Index I-33

Kallmann syndrome 1003 Kerckring’s center of ossification 100 Kleihauer-Betke test 406, 665
Kamino bodies 391, 1080 Kerion 1068 Kleine-Levine syndrome 1112
Kanagawa phenomenon 261 Kerley A lines 1170 Kleptomania 1107
Kanamycin 337, 350 Kerley B lines 1170, 1177 Klinefelter’s syndrome 434f, 435, 935
Kanavel’s four cardinal signs 725, 1224 Kerley C lines 1170 Klippel-Feil syndrome 735
Kanavel’s sign 859 Kerley lines 860 Klisic test 732f
Kangaroo mother care 697, 697f Kernicterus 670 Klumpke’s palsy 40, 40f
Kaplan-Meier method 1226 Kernig’s sign 860 Klüver-Bucy syndrome 1112
Kaplan-Meier survival curve 440 Kernohan-Woltman notch Knapp-Ronne type 958
Kaposi’s sarcoma 298, 299, 933, 1041 phenomenon 803 Knee
Kaposi’s varicelliform eruption 1050 Keshan’s disease 221, 1221 conditions 728
Kappa receptor 340 Ketamine 1140 joint 50, 51
Karman’s suction cannula 994 Ketoacidotic diabetics 274 fibrous capsule of 50
Kartagener’s syndrome 134, 807, 865 Ketoconazole 952, 1006 ligaments of 50
Karyosome 288 Ketoglutarate, alpha 208 posterior dislocation of 1202f
Kasabach-Merritt syndrome 923 Ketolides 351 stabilisers of 50
Kasai procedure 922 Ketonic breath odor 848 locking of 51
Kashima surgery 922 Ketoses 203 unlocking of 51
Kastle Meyer test 522 Kevorkian sign 1218 Knott’s concentration technique 287
Katayama disease 282 Keyhole’ sign 687 Knuckle sign 813
Katayama fever 282 K-F ring 547f Knuton’s two-hit hypothesis 935, 959
Katayama test 534 Kidney 87 Koch postulate, molecular 227
Kattan nomogram 952 anomalies, congenital 685 Koch’s bacillus 807
Kauffmann-White scheme 254 blood supply of 87 Koch’s disease 444
Kawamoto technique 294 Koch’s phenomenon 226
congenital anomalies of 902
Kawasaki’s disease 831, 1075 Koch’s postulates 226
coverings of 87
Kayser-Fleischer ring 819, 859 Kocher’s maneuver 720
disease
Kearns-Sayre syndrome 589 Kocher’s subcostal incision 872
chronic 820
Kegel’s exercises 1013, 1222 Koebner’s phenomenon 860, 1046
improving 820
Kehr’s sign 860, 921 reverse 1078
duplex right 1181f
Keith Wagner Barker grading 590 Koebner’s pseudoisomorphic
embryology 11
Kelling-Madlener procedure 882 phenomenon 1078
injury
Kelly’s plication suture 1014 Koenen tumor 789f
acute 819
Kelly’s sign 860 Koeppe’s nodules 860
biomarkers of acute 820
Kenawy’s sign 860, 1222 Kohn test 522
internal structure of 87
Keratinization, zone of 1036 Koilocytosis 388, 1057
Keratinocytes 1036 intravenous pyelography of 1200f Koilonychia 221, 1067
intense mitotic activity of 1036 large 824 Kojic acid 1079
Keratinophilic fungus 1068 pole of 1211f Koplik’s spots 691, 860
Keratitis 1053 posterior relations of 87 Korner’s septum 609
Keratoacanthoma 866 specimen of 1207f Korotkoff’s sounds 151, 860
Keratoconjunctivitis 269 transplant recipients, urine of 268 Korsakoff’s psychosis 389
Keratoconus 540, 551, 551f Kikuchi’s disease 392 Korsakoff’s syndrome 1091, 1108
Keratocyst, odontogenic 656 Killian’s dehiscence 647, 647f Kozelka test 1109
Keratodermic sandals 1048f Killian’s triangle 879 Krabbe’s disease 388, 1183
Keratolysis 1080 Killip classification 764 Kraissl lines 1075
Keratolytic agents 1079 Kimura’s disease 392 Krebs cycle 211, 212f
Keratomalacia 553 Kinesin and dynein motor molecules 134f Krebs-Henseleit cycle 191
Keratomycosis 548 Kinetoplast 288 Kroener method 991
Keratopathy, band-shaped 552f Kinin system 382 Krouse lymph node 922
Keratoplastic agents 1079 Kirklin complex 1180 Krukenberg’s spindle 548, 573
Keratoplasty Kirner’s deformity 736 Krukenburg tumor 1032
lamellar 554 Kite’s angle 734 Kübler-Ross model 1112
penetrating 554 Klatskin tumor 898, 899f Kunkel’s test 534
types of 554 Klebsiella Kupffer cells 940
Keratoprosthesis 555 granulomatis 1081 Kurt Schneider’s first rank symptoms 1092
Keratosis follicularis 1070, 1074 ozaenae 227 Kussmaul’s breathing 164, 860
Keratosis obturans 628 pneumonia 227, 253 Kussmaul’s respiration 848
Keratosis pilaris 1039, 1049 rhinoscleromatosis 227 Kussmaul’s sign 749, 860
I-34 Sure Success MAGIC

Kustner’s incision 872 Laryngectomy tube 1124 Lemon sign 973, 1189
Kustner’s sign 978 Laryngocele 652 Lendrum staining 522
Kveim sitback test 812 Laryngomalacia 651 Lenegre’s disease 753
Kveim test 860 Laryngoscope 1125 Lens
Kwashiorkor 700f blades, types of 1125f anatomy 556
triad of 866 Laryngoscopy basics 556
Kyasanur Forest disease 444, 850, 852 first direct 1125 biochemistry 556
Kytococcus sedentarius 1080 technique of 1125 physiology 556
Larynx 649, 1183 spectacle 538
L carcinoma 654 Lenvatinib 370
divisions of 653 Leonine facies 1059, 1060f
Labia
essential anatomy of 649 Leopold’s maneuver 860, 976
majora 997
examination of 650 Lepirudin 345
minora 997
Labor nerve supply of 650 Lepra reactions 1061
arrest of 982 neurology of 650 Lepromin test 1061
induction of 977 parts of 653f Leprosy 1058
obstructed 981 structures of 653f classification of 1059
pains, true 976 Lasègue’s sign 860 indeterminate 1059
preterm 981 LASIK 540 lepromatous 1059, 1060f
prolonged 982 bladeless 540 lucio 1060
third stage of 978 contraindications 540 multibacillary 1062, 1062f
trial of 975 enhancement 540 multidrug therapy of 1062f
Labyrinth 325 indications 540 paucibacillary 1061, 1062f
Laceration 509 Lasmiditan 778 pure neuritic 1059
Lachman maneuver 860 L-asparaginase 364 subtypes 1060
Lacosamide 342 Lassar’s paste 1079 treatment of 1061
Lacquer cracks 537f Latent autoimmune diabetes 848 tuberculoid 1059, 1060f
Lacrimal disorders 593 Lateral cord, branches of 39 types of 1059
Lacrimal gland tumors 962 Latissimus dorsi muscles 33, 34f, 914 Leptomeningeal metastases 933
Lactase deficiency 206, 772 Latte’s crust method 522 Leptospirosis 263
Ladd’s bands course 927 Latzko’s triad 1033 Leri’s disease 866
Ladin’s sign 860 Lauren classification 945 Lermoyez syndrome 636
Lafora bodies 391, 392 Laxative abuse 339 Leser-Trélat sign 860
Lambert Eaton myasthenic syndrome 784 Le Fort’s repair 1013 Lesions of larynx, congenital 651
Lamina dura, loss of 842, 1166 Lead 527 Lesser sac 75
Lamivudine 300, 302 palsy 530 Lesser tubercle 28
Lamotrigine 1115 pipe comb sign 775 Letermovir 369
Lancisi’s sign 860 poisoning 529, 530f Letrozole 1005
Landolff’s sign 921 chronic 530 Leucine 189
Langer’s lines 1075
sulfide 530 Leucocytospermia 1021
Langerhans cell 1037
Learning disorder, specific 1121 Leukemia 410, 1212f
histiocytosis 392
Leasgue test 731 Leukemoid reactions 421
Language disturbance 180
Leather bottle stomach 1189 Leukocoria 960, 960f
Laninamivir 354
Leber’s congenital amaurosis 361, 592 Leukocyte adhesion deficiency 314
Lansoprazole 338
Laparoendoscopic single site surgery 875 Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy 799 Leukocytoclastic vasculitis 832
Laparoscopy 875, 1022 Lecithin 198, 215 Leukodystrophy 194
complications of 875 Lee Jones test 527 Leukoencephalopathy,
Laparotomophilia migrans 1104 Leflunomide 329 progressive multifocal 789
Lapatinib 913 Leg Leukoerythroblastic blood 408, 409
Laplace, law of 154 anterior compartment of 53 Leukonychia 1067
Lardaceous spleen 387 paresis 859 Leukoplakia, oral 656
Large intestine, diverticulosis of 886 Legionella 228, 262 Leukotriene 326
Larrey’s sign 860 pneumophilia 261, 805 receptor antagonists 335
Larva migrans 1077f Leiomyoma 944, 1209f Leuprolide 1017
neural 285 Leishman donovan bodies 1077 Lev’s disease 753
Laryngeal lesions, acquired 652 Leishmania 276 Levaditi’s for tissue sections 1082
Laryngeal mask airway Leishmaniasis 290, 1077 Levator resection 602
complications of 1126 treatment of 1077 Levetiracetam 342
types of 1126 Lembert sutures 927 Levine’s sign 860
Index I-35

Levobupivacaine 1145 Liraglutide 340 Loeffler’s methylene blue 231


Levodopa 343 Lisch nodules 788f, 860 Loeffler’s serum slope 229f, 250
Levonorgestrel intrauterine system 990 Lisker’s sign 860 Lofgren’s syndrome 812
Levosimendan 1223 Lissencephaly 14 Lombard effect 860
Lewy body 388, 392 Lister’s tubercle 29 Lonafamib 366
disease 1091 Listeria 228 Long bone
Lhermitte’s sign 783, 860, 1194 monocytogenes 263 growth of 22
Libman-Sacks endocarditis 767 LITA tube 1124 parts of 21, 21f
Lice infestation 1076 Lithium 1051, 1097, 1115 Long QT syndrome, congenital 758
Lichen nitidus 1047, 1047f pharmacokinetics of 1115 Loop diuretics 344, 1131
Lichen planus 1043, 1045, 1046f, Lithotomy position 922 Loop of Henle 16, 168
1051, 1067, 1078 Litten’s sign 860 Loop stomas 887
Lichen simplex chronicus 1050 Littre’s hernia 895 Looser’s zones 1164, 1165f
Lichenification 1038, 1049 Live attenuated vaccine 459 Lop ear 628
Lichtenberg’s flowers 518 oral 261 Loperamide 339
Lid edema 548 Live birth, signs of 517 Lopinavir 303
Liddle and Gordon syndrome 843 Livedo reticularis 343 Lorazepam 1115
Lie detector 518 Liver 83, 816, 897, 942 Lorcaserin 340
Liebermeister rule 860 abscesses, aspiration of 897 Lords operation 925
Liebmann’s test 534 anatomical lobes of 83 Lorenzo’s oil 1221
Ligament bare area of 84 Los Angeles classifications 878
connecting atlas 111 basics 83 Lou Gehrig disease 783
medial 51 biopsy 941 Louis-Barr syndrome 866
Ligamentum flavum 1136 needles 816f Louvel’s sign 860
Light bulb sign 720 blood supply of 84 Love test 923
Lignocaine 1136, 1145, 1146 cirrhosis 210 Lovibond angle 1040
Lilly cyanide antidote kit 527 development 9 Lovibond profile sign 1040
Limb disease 816 Lovset maneuver 981
ischemia, critical 918 chronic 898 Lowenberg’s sign 860
shortening 733 late stage 833 Lower limb 45
Limbal dermoid 546f enzymes 816 bones and joints of 45
Limbic system 121 failure, acute 671, 898 fractures 709
Linagliptin 1216 flukes 282 nerves of 56
Lincomycin 351 function tests 304 structures of 55
Lincosamides 351 functional lobes of 83 Lown Ganong Levine syndrome 758
Lindsay’s nails 1067 histology of 84 Luc’s abscess 632
Line chart/graph 441 hydatid cyst of 897f Lucio phenomenon 1078
Linear energy transfer 1190, 1191 injury, drug-induced 816 Ludloff sign 728
Lineweaver-Burke plot 184, 184f metastases, synchronous 942 Ludwig’s angina 656
Linezolid 337 multiple hydatid cyst of 897f Ludwig’s staging 1052
Linguine sign 1184 overlap sign 1180 Luftsichel sign 1184
Linitis plastica 885 parenchyma, subdivisions of 84 Lugol’s iodine 840
Linton classification 726 transplant recipients 268 Lumbar vertebra, typical 112f
Lip of cervix, anterior 1035f transplantation 898 Luminol spray test 522
Lipid 131, 377 tumors Lund and Bowder chart 520
bilayer 143 benign 940 Lung 67, 1194
cell tumor 1030 malignant 941 abscess 1177
lowering drugs 333 Living organisms, classification of 276 chest X-ray of 1177f
storage diseases 200 Living, standard of 444 alveoli, epithelium of 16
Lipoarabinomannan 1215 Lobar emphysema, congenital 679 blood supply of 67
Lipofuscin like granules 391 Lobar pneumonia 1203f cancer 528, 938
Lipopolysaccharide 231, 260 uncomplicated 806 TNM staging of 940
Lipoproteins, ultra-centrifuge Lobes of brain, functions of 179 carcinoma 939
patterns of 202f Lobster claw sign 1188 chemotherapy of 939
Liposuction 926 Locard’s exchange principle 518 compliance 157
Lippes loop 990 Lochia 986 factors affecting 157
Liquefaction necrosis 374 Locked-in syndrome 803 diffusion capacity of 160
Liquefactive degeneration 1046 Lockwood’s operation 895 disease
Liquid nitrogen, applications of 1057 Locomotor ataxia 1083 chronic 759
I-36 Sure Success MAGIC

occupational 810 M Malecot’s catheter 929f


restrictive 159 Malformations, congenital 668, 735
fluke 282, 283 M’Fadyean’s reaction 257 Malgaigne’s hernia 896
hamartoma 932 Maastricht classification 1213 Malherbe’s epithelioma 866
injury 926 modified 926 Malignant hyperpyrexia,
acute 1152 MacCallum’s plaques 755 presentation of 1147
lesions, congenital 679 MacDonald triad 860 Mallampati classification 1123f
medial surface of 67 Maceration 517 Mallampati criteria 1122
pathology 679 MacEwen’s sign 861, 921 Mallet finger 37
scan 1199 MacEwen’s triangle 609, 609f Mallory hyaline 387
secondary tuberculosis of 809f MacFarlane system, Mallory-Weiss syndrome 877f, 1219
small cell carcinoma of 784, 1224 Sullivan modification of 932 Mallory-Weiss tear 877
transplantation 814 Machado-Joseph disease 782 Malnutrition
volumes 158 Macitentan 760 classification of 698
weight of 517 Macrolides 337, 351 evaluation of 700
Lupus erythematosus 1063 Macrosomia 1210f grade of 698
Lupus nephritis 827f Macula 537f, 585f severe 701
Lupus vulgaris 1058 Macular corneal opacity 549f Malt worker’s lung 810
Lupus, drug-induced 827, 828 Macular degeneration, age-related 589 Malta fever 259, 850
Lurasidone 1114 Macular function tests 560 Malunited supracondylar fracture 722f
Luteal phase, management of 1024 Macular hole formation 585f Mammary gland 6, 44
Lymph node 20, 809, 922, 1170 Macular roseola 1082 breast 44
Lymphadenitis, tuberculous 809 Madarosis 601 Mammography 914
Lymphangioma orbit 961 Madelung’s collar 736 Manchester operation 1013
Lymphangitic sporotrichosis 275 Madelung’s deformity 736 Manchester system 1193
Lymphangitis 874 Madlener’s technique 991 Manganese 182
Lymphatic drainage 999 Maduramycosis 275 Mania, acute 1115
Lymphatic filariasis 464 Mafucci syndrome 923 Manic-depressive psychoses 1092
Lymphedema Magic angle phenomenon 1189 Manning’s score 971
causes of 925 Magic bullet 227, 874 Mansonoides 450
obstructive 287 Magill’s forceps 929f Mantoux test 452, 861
primary 925 Magill’s position 1125 Map diagram/spot map 442
secondary 925 Magistrate’s court 492 Maple syrup urine disease 193
tarda 925 Magistrate’s inquest 492 Mapleson circuits 1135
Lymphoblastic leukemia, acute 402, 412 Magnan’s sign 861, 1111 Maprotiline 1114
Lymphocyte 214, 307, 415, 522, 908f Magnesium 182 Marasmus 700f
Lymphocytic leukemia, chronic 411 oxide 525 March fracture 710f
Lymphocytic lymphoma, small 416 sulfate 982, 987 Marchetti test 1014
Lymphogranuloma venereum 1081 Magnetic resonance imaging 1159, 1160 Marchiafava-Bignami syndrome 1112
Lymphoid disadvantages of 1160 Marchiafava-Micheli syndrome 1112
interstitial pneumonitis 298 types of 1160 Marcus Gunn jaw winking syndrome 602
leukemia, acute 1193 Magneto-encephalography 1161 Marcus Gunn pupil 861
malignancies 411 Malabsorption syndromes 217, 772 Marfan’s syndrome 988, 1012
organs 306 Malabsorption, tests for 772 Marijuana 1110, 1111
system 306 Malakoplakia 388 Marinesco bodies 392
Lymphoma 410, 414, 947, 954, 955 Malaria 291, 293, 294, 463 Markle’s sign 861, 892
diagnostic testing of 416 distribution of 291 Marquee sign 391
lymphoblastic 416 epidemiology of 463 Marquis reagent 534
mediterranean 947 measurement of 464 Marrow stem cells 380
Lymphoreticular system components 306 merozoite-induced 293 Marsh test 529
Lyre’s sign 638 resistant 404 Marshall Marchetti Krantz surgery 1014
Lysine 188 transmission of 276 Marston classification 887
Lysogenic conversion 239 modes of 463 Martel’s sign 737
Lysosomal acid lipase 1220 vaccines 294 Masaoka staging 932
Lysosomal enzymes 381 Malarial chills 525 Mask airway, laryngeal 1126
Lysosomal storage Malassezia orbiculare 1048 Maslow’s hierarchy 1216
disease 1180 Male Mass miniature radiography 452
disorders 585 infertility, causes of 1020 Mass spectrometry 197
Lysosomes 133 urethra Mast cell
types of 133fc epithelial lining of 89 degranulation 1080, 1214
Lysyl oxidase 221 gross anatomy of 89f stabilisers 335
Index I-37

Mastectomy 914 Mechanical ventilation 1148 Meningioma 954, 955


super radical 914 advantages 1148 parasagittal 1090
Master and Johnson’s technique 1112 disadvantages 1148 Meningitis 248
Mastitis modes of 1148 neonatal 263
acute 910 Mechlorethamine 362 Meningocele 14
periductal 910 Meckel’s diverticulum 81, 886 Meningococcal conjugate vaccine 248
Mastocytosis 772 Meckler’s triad 865 Meniscal cartilage, calcification of 1187
systemic 1080 Meconium aspiration syndrome 666 Meniscus sign 1184
Mastoid antrum 609, 609f Meconium ileus 685, 891 Meniscus, medial 729
landmark of 609 Medial cord, branches of 39 Menisus/crescent sign 1173
Mastoidectomy 634 Medial wall of duodenum, Menkes disease 222
radical 633 Rose Thorning of 1186 Menopause 1007
Mastoiditis, acute 630, 631 Median nerve injury 715 premature 1007
Maternal low 715f Menorrhagia 990, 1007
Mensouria 1014
complications 995 Medical Council of India 496
Menstrual
criteria 994 Medical gas cylinders, color of 1133
blood loss, normal 1007
death 988 Medical negligence 495
cycle 1000, 1001, 1001f
hyperthyroidism 987 Medical Termination of
disorders 1006
mortality, cause of 978 Pregnancy Act (1971) 983
physiology 1000
pelvis 974 Medicine regulation 994
serum alfa-fetoprotein 973 homeopathy system of 443 Menstruation, precocious 1007
Mathew Duncan’s method 1222 types of 444 Mental
Mature ego defense mechanisms 1117 Medulla oblongata 119 disorder 1086
Mature teratoma 1031 Medulloblastoma 867, 932, 933, 954, 955 functional 1087
Mauriceo-Smaellie-Viet technique 981 Meduna’s mixture 1147 organic 1087
Max Joseph space 1046 Medusa head 1189 Health Act 517
Maxilla/face, fracture of 643 appearance colony 257f Healthcare Bill 490
Maydl’s hernia 895 Medusa locks sign 1186 retardation 192, 193, 1099, 1194
Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Mee’s lines 529f, 861, 1067 classification of 1099
syndrome 1006 Megakaryocytes 420 spitting 1092
Maylard incision 872 Megathrombocytes 420 status examination 1087
Mayne’s sign 861 Meibemian gland carcinoma 602f Mentzer index 401, 861
Mayo’s operation 895 Meig’s radical hysterectomy 1034 Mephenesin group 324
Mazindol 340 Meiosis 437 Mercedes Benz
Mazucchi vaccine 257 Meissner’s corpuscle 174 incision 872
McAfee Johnson regime 986 Meister’s cycle 188 sign 1186
McArthur’s incision 893f Melanocytes 1037 Mercurial erethism 529
McBurney’s incision 893f Melanoma 937, 957 Mercuric chloride 529
McBurney’s point 861, 893f malignant 957, 959f Mercury poisoning 529
McCall culdoplasty 1012 metastatic 1066 Merke’s test 729
McConnell’s sign 861 ocular 942 Merkel’s cells 1037
Mesangial cells, number of 1204f
McCune-Albright syndrome 1165 Melasma 1066, 1080
Mesenteric ischemia, acute 886
McDonald’s operation 983 Melatonin 1105
Mesentery 75
McDonald’s rule 969 Mellignhoff’s sign 861
Mesial temporal sclerosis 1183
McDonald’s sign 861 Melorheostosis 866, 1187
Mesoderm 4, 7
McEvedy’s incision 872 Melting sign 813
Mesometrium 999
McEwan’s sign 705 Memantine 1090 Mesonephroid 1030
McFarlane classification 846 Membranes, premature rupture of 982 tumors 1031
McLeod’s media 252 Memory 1091 Mesonephros 11
McMurray test 729, 861 aid 1197 Mesosalpinx 999
McNaughten rule 518 loss 1091 Mesothelioma, malignant 940
McRoberts maneuver 981 confabulation 1091 Mesovarium 999
Mean arterial pressure 875 Mendelian disorders 429, 432 Metabolic acidosis 193, 820, 848, 1140
Means-Lerman scratch 861 Mendelson syndrome 993, 1154 Metabolic processes, sites of 207
Measles 444, 691 Menetrier’s disease 884 Metabolic syndrome 769
immunoglobulin 692 Ménière’s disease 635 Metabolism
vaccine 460, 692 Ménière’s syndrome 636 endproducts of 322
Mebendazole 355 Meninges 114 inborn error of 194
I-38 Sure Success MAGIC

Metacarpal bones 31 Midostaurin 369, 413 Molluscum sebaceum 866


Metacarpal sign 1187 Mifepristone 992, 1018 Molotov cocktail 516
Metacarpophalangeal joint 26 Migraine 77, 332, 777 Molybdenum 182
Metachromatic granules 231, 250, 250f basilar 777 Mometasone 1079
Metal poisons, heavy 526 classification 777 Monckeberg’s medial calcific sclerosis 767
Metallic irritants 530 diagnostic criteria for 777 Mondor’s disease 910
Metanephros 11 familial hemiplegic 778 Mongolian spot 658, 658f
Metaplasia 373, 931 ophthalmoplegic 777 Moniz sign 861
Metastases 932, 951 prophylaxis of 778 Monkey fever 850
secondary 1031 retinal 777 Monoamine oxidase inhibitors 1114
types of 933 treatment of 778 Monobactams 348, 349
Metastatic disease, drugs for 952 Mikulicz cells 391 Mononuclear phagocyte system 398f
Metastatic tumors, adult 961 Milia 658 Monosaccharides 203
Metathalamus 118 Milian’s ear sign 1040 Monosodium urate crystals 737
Metformin 1023 Miliaria 1075 Monosynaptic stretch reflex 181
Methadone 1111 crystallina 1075 Monteggia fracture dislocation 723
Methanol poisoning 389 profunda 1075 Montgomery tubercle 18
Methemoglobin 214 rubra 1075 Montreal cognitive assessment 1089, 1090
Methemoglobinemia 214, 1129, 1145 Milker’s nodules 1080 Mood disorders 1095
Methenamine silver staining 299 Millard Gubler syndrome 801 etiology 1095
Methergin 979 Miller Fisher test 861 treatment 1096
Methicillin resistance 240 Miller’s lung 810 Mood disturbances 1089
Methimazole crosses placenta 987 Millon’s test 189 Mood stabilizers 1097
Methionine 189 Milnacipran 1114 Mood stabilizing drugs 1115
Methohexitone 1140 Minamata disease 529 Morel-Lavallée lesion 747
Methotrexate 329, 1043, 1045, 1131 Mind, structural theories of 1116 Morphine 341, 763, 1110, 1146
Methoxyflurane 1135, 1140 Minilaparotomy 991 analogs 340
Methyl alcohol poisoning 532, 798 Minimal access surgery, advantages of 875 Morphological index 1061
Methylating enzyme 322 Minocycline 1053 Morphological kidney appearances 824
Methylene blue 3 swab test 1013 Minoxidil 331, 1016 Morquio syndrome 1167
Methyl-phenyl-tetrahydro-pyridine 782 topical 1051 Morris parallelogram 87
Methyltetrazolethiol 1109 Miosis 321, 794 Morulae 391
Methylxanthines 335 Mirtazapine 1114 Morular Mott cells 294
Metoclopromide 778 Misophonia 1215 Moscowitz repair 1012
Metoprolol 763 Misoprostol 979 Mosquito
Metreleptin 370 Mission Indradhanush 469 borne diseases 450
Metrifonate 355 Mitochondria 132, 211, 212, 372 control measures, classification of 451
Metronidazole 356, 897, 1085, 1109 Mitochondrial encephalopathy types of 450, 450f
topical 1053 lactic acidosis 435 Moth eaten
Metropathia hemorrhagica 1015 Mitomycin C 364 alopecia 1082
Metrorrhagia 1007 Mitosis 437, 931 skull 1182
Meyer Overton rule 1153 Mitoxantrone 364 Motor disorders 1121
Meyer’s loop 793 Mitral regurgitation 755, 987 Motor neuron, alpha 140
Mianserin 1114 Mitral stenosis 751, 755, 987, 988, Motor vehicle injuries 510
Michaelis Menton equation 184 1177, 1177f Mounier-Kuhn syndrome 1184
Michaelis-Gutman bodies 391 Mitral valve 767f Mouth, dry 833
Michel’s fixative 393 gross appearance of 755f Movement disorders 180
Mickey Mouse sign 917 prolapse 756, 1101 Moyamoya disease 1183
Microcephaly 995 Mitsuda lepromin 1061 Mucocutaneous candidiasis, chronic 313
Microcytic hypochromic red cells 406f Mivacurium 1144 Mucopolysaccharides 204
Microemboli 1152 Möbius sign 861 Mucoproteins 205
Microfilaria, detection of 287 Möbius syndrome 600 Mucormycosis 274
Microlaryngeal tubes 1124 Modafinil 1226 Mucosal scarring 1071
Microsatellite instability pathway 948 Möebius syndrome 1222 Mucous membranes,
Microscopes 233 Mohs micrographic surgery 956 whitish coating of 1210f
Microsomal enzyme system 214 Moist heat 235 Muehrcke’s lines 861
Microsporum 1068 Molecular weight kininogen, high 420 Muehrcke’s nails 1067
Micturition 169 Molluscum contagiosum 268, 1057, Muir and Barclay formula 876
Midbrain 119 1057f, 1204f Mulberry bodies 391
parts of 119 virus 1081 Mulberry cells 391
Index I-39

Mulder’s sign 861 spindles 174 Myocardial infarction 374, 761, 769
Muller’s maneuver 815, 861 splitting incision 893 acute 761
Muller’s sign 756, 861 stretch 175fc reperfusion of 1203f
Muller’s syndrome 1139 superficial 33 temporal changes 1203f
Mullerian agenesis 1008 tongue 103 treatment of 762
Muller-Munro-Kerr method 975 upper limb 33 Myocarditis
Multicentric disease 914 weakness, ascending 783 parasites causing 277
Multicystic dysplastic kidney 685, 928, 1227 Muscular dystrophy 1143 rheumatic 1203f
Multiload Musculoskeletal Myocardium 1203f
Cu 250 990 disease 241 normal 1203f
Cu 375 990 tuberculosis 739 Myoclonic jerks 788
Multinodular goiter tumors Myodesis 747
microscopy of 908f benign 740 Myoglobin 195
toxic 840 malignant 740 effects of 162
Multiple endocrine neoplasia Mutations 224, 428 Myoglobinuria 1147
syndromes 849 Mutton fat 575 Myoma screw 1019f
Multiple large masses, chest X-ray of 1176f Muzzle imprint 516f Myomesin 142
Multiple organ dysfunction 853 Myasthenia gravis 602, 784 Myopia 536, 537f
Multiple pregnancy, complications of 985 tests for 784 treatment of 536
Multiple sclerosis, drugs for 343 Mycetoma 275 Myotome, middle 5
Multipolar neuron 136 Mycobacteria, atypical 252 Myringoplasty 633
Multisystem autoimmune disorder 827 Mycobacterium Myringotomy 632
Multi-unit smooth muscle 146 avium complex 298, 772 Myrobalan 1223
Mumps 444 intracellulare 227 Mysophobia 1100
Munchausen syndrome 1104 kansasii 298 Myxoma associated syndromes 770
Munro’s microabscesses 1041 leprae 227
Mupirocin 351
Murmurs
organ of 1060 N
paratuberculosis 227
continuous 750, 751 N-acetyl glutamate 191
tuberculosis 227, 229, 251, 251f, 298, 807
systolic 750, 751 NACO guidelines 301
prophylaxis against 297
Murphy’s eye 1123, 1124f Naegele’s formula 969
ulcerans 1058
Murphy’s sign 861 Naegele’s pelvis 975
Mycology 273
Murphy’s triad 892 Naegele’s rule 861
Mycophenolate mofetil 821
Muscarinic antagonist 321 Naevus flammeus 923
Mycophenolic acid 316 Nagayama’s spots 867
Muscle 26, 27, 62
Mycoplasma 227, 229, 259 Nail
abdominal walls 73
hominis 259 blue 1067
arm 35
pneumoniae 805 changes 1044, 1046, 1064
back 33
biopsy 285 Mycoses hyperpigmentation of 1067
chest wall 62 fungoides 1041, 1062 involvement 1051
contractile proteins 142 subcutaneous 275 patella syndrome 866, 1067
contraction 144 Mydriatics 536 pitting of 1044f, 1067
cutting incision 893 Myelin 136, 173 polish 1129
diaphragm 15f Myelodysplastic syndrome 410 psoriasis of 1044
eustachian tube 610 Myelofibrosis 409 pterygium of 1067
fascicular arrangement of 27 Myelography 1161 stroke of 1069
fibre Myeloid bodies 826 thickening of 1067
physiologic anatomy of 142 Myeloid leukemia, acute 412 Nakamura test 747
types of 145 classification of 413 Naked fat sign 929
gluteal region 52 etiology 413 Nalbuphine 341
infiltrating tumors 951 treatment 413 Naldenedine 369
larynx 650 Myeloid leukemia, chronic 411 Nalorphine 341
lower limb 52 Myelokathexis 410 Naloxone 340
mastication 102 Myeloma, multiple 417, 417f, 418f, 1197 Naltrexone 340, 1109
neck 105 Myelomeningocele 14, 14f Namaskar sign, reverse 1041
pectoral region 43 Myeloproliferative disorders 409 Nanose 203
physiology 141 Myelosuppression 367 Naphthalene camphor ball 210
posterior abdominal wall 74 Myer cotton staging 657 Napkin eczema 1048
relaxants, nondepolarizing 1143 Myers Kouwenaar syndrome 287 Naproxen 778
scapular region 34 Myerson’s sign 782, 861 Narcoanalysis drugs 518
I-40 Sure Success MAGIC

Narcolepsy 1105 Nelfinavir 303 Neurocognitive disorder 1089


Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Nelson syndrome 1066 major 1089, 1121
Substances Act, 1985 525 Nematode 277, 283 and mild 1121
Nardi test 861 classification of 283 Neurocutaneous diseases 787
Nasal Neocortex 181 Neurocysticercosis 1182f
carriers 240, 251 Neonatal cold injury 518 Neurofibrillary tangles 394
cavity, lateral wall of 639f Neonatal diseases 664 Neurofibromatosis 788f
decongestants 323 Neonatal pustular melanosis, transient 658 Neuroleptic malignant syndrome 1113
diphtheria 251 Neoplasia 931 Neurologica diabolica 1104
intubation 1126 Neoplasm, benign 992 Neurological visual field defects 792
polyps 641 Nephrectomy, radical 950 Neuromuscular blockade 350
septal perforation 642 Nephritic syndromes 686, 822 assessment of 1144
septum, blood supply of 642f Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis 1162 Neuromuscular diseases 1148
Nasmyth’s membrane 1214 Nephron Neuron 135
Nasolacrimal duct obstruction 1223 anatomy 165 parts of 135
Nasotracheal intubation 1126 types of 165 types of 136
Natal teeth 658 Nephronophthisis 685 Neuro-ophthalmology 604
Natalizumab 315 Nephropathy 530, 1082 Neuropathy, peripheral 304
National AIDS Control Organisation 486 Nephrotic range proteinuria 1219 Neuropeptides 382
National AIDS Control Program 473 Nephrotic syndrome 293, 686, 821 Neuropsychiatric, side effects 1116
National Deworming Day 471 acute 1082 Neuroretinitis 794, 795f, 1083
National Health Mission 467, 487f congenital 686 Neurosis 1087
National Health Policy 472 primary 686 Neurosyphilis 1083, 1084
National Immunization Schedule 458 Nephrotomes 5 Neurotransmitter 176
National Institute of Nephrotoxicity 350 abnormalities 1094
Mental Health and Neurosciences 486 Nerium odorum 531 Neutropenia 367
Nutrition 486 Nernst equation 130 Neutrophil 314, 390
Occupational Health 486 Nerve alkaline phosphatase 409
National Rural Health Mission 467 damage, peripheral 1062 extracellular traps 392
National Strategic Plan 455 degeneration 141 Nevin staging 932
National Tuberculosis Institute 486 fibre Nevirapine 303
National Urban Health Mission 467 classification 139 Nevus 1066
Natural killer cells 307 susceptibility of 139 flammeus 866
Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic injury 140 of Ito 1066
surgery 875 peripheral 14f of Ota 1066
Natural sexual offences 520 Seddon’s classification of 140 Niacin 213, 218, 334, 807
Navjat Shishu Suraksha Karyakram 470 musculocutaneous 41 Niclosamide 355
Nebular corneal opacity 549f obturator 57 Nicoladoni sign 855
Necator americanus 276 peripheral 1060 Nicotinic acid 334
Neck 924 physiology 135 Nifedipine 982
dissection 924 reflexes, peripheral 181 Night blindness, causes of 592
selective 924 sciatic 57, 173 Night terrors 1105
triangles of 104 sheath tumors 954 Nightmare disorder 1105
Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum 1055 unopposed stimulation of 256 Nihilistic delusions 1088
Necrolytic migratory erythema 1067 Nervous diarrhea 1103 Nikoladoni’s sign 1039
Necroptosis 376 Neseritide 369 Nikolsky’s phenomenon 1078
Necrosis 374, 383 Nestrone 992 Nikolsky’s sign 241, 861, 1071, 1074
types of 374 Netarsudil 369 Nimodipine 330
Necrotizing enterocolitis 684, 891, 1210f eye drops 369 Nipah virus 466
Necrotizing fasciitis 244 Neufeld’s capsule swelling reaction 246 Nipple
Necrozoospermia 1020, 1021 Neural tube 4, 13 conditions 909
Needle-stick injuries 927 defects 13 confusion 996
Nefazodone 1114 Neuraminic acid 203 discharge 909, 910
Negri bodies 391 Neuritis treatment of 909
Negus hydrostatic dilation 878 peripheral 336 eczema of 909
Neisseria retrobulbar 795 papilloma of 909
gonorrhoeae 227, 229, 248, 248f, 1081 Neuroblastoma 695, 932, 936 puffy 910f
meningitidis 247, 247f, 405 abdominal 696 Niraparib 369
Nelaton’s line 728 olfactory 646 Nissl granules 136
Index I-41

Nitabuch’s membrane 964 Nothnagel’s syndrome 801 Oculocutaneous albinism 1065


Nitisinione 193 Notochord remnants 1214 Oculomotor nerve 125
Nitrafezole 1109 Nottingham prognostic index 912 palsy 799
Nitrates 329 NPCB logo 487f Odland bodies 391
Nitric acid 528 NSAIDs, classification of 328 Ofatumumab 315
Nitric oxide 152, 382 Nuclear Offenses 493
inhaled 1154 bag fibres 174 Ogilvie’s hernia 896
Nitrogen scavengers 192 cataract 559 Ogilvie’s syndrome 866
Nitroglycerine 763 chain fibers 174 Ohm’s law 152
Nitroimidazole delamanid 337 medicine 1197 Oil drop sign 1040, 1044
Nitrosoureas 362 regulatory proteins 934 OK sign 1201f
Nitrous oxide 1133, 1140-1142 Okazaki fragments 224, 1224
Nucleic acid 222, 223, 395
pharmacology 1141 Olanzapine 1114
amplification test 249, 1084
systemic effects 1142 ziprasidone 1114
Nucleoside 222
Nivolumab 417 Olaparib 370
reverse transcriptase inhibitors 302
Nocardia 262 Olaratumab 369
Nucleotide 222
Nocturnal enuresis, treatment for 1099 Oligemia 673
Nocturnal periodicity 286 excision repair 1062 Oligodendrocytes 6
Nodules, subependymal 788 metabolism 223 Oligodendroglioma 955
Nodulocystic acne, severe 1053 Nucleus ambiguus 121 Oligohydramnios 966, 987
Noguchi classification 932 Numerical chromosome abnormalities 426 Oligomenorrhea 1007
Nonbullous impetigo 1055 Nursemaid’s elbow 722 Oligomycin 211
Non-diphtheria corynebacterium 251 Nutcracker esophagus 879 Oligophrenia 517
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma 299, 414, Nutrient foramina, direction of 22f Oligosaccharides 204
416, 1062, 1071 Nutrients, absorption of 173 Oligozoospermia 1020
types 415 Nyctalopia, causes of 592 Oliver’s sign 862
Non-hypoxic cell sensitizers 1195 NYHA classification 1131 Ollier’s disease 866
Nonionic over ionic contrast agents, Nystagmus 791 Olopatadine eyedrops 325
advantages of 1162 peripheral 622 Omalizumab 315, 336
Nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase Nystatin 353 Omega classification 199
inhibitors 302 Omega sign 1095
Nonorganic hearing loss, tests for 618 Omega-3 fatty acids 199
Nonphotochromogens 252 O Omental bursa 75
Non-rapid eye movement 1210f O’ Donoghue’s triad 862, 866, 1187 Omental cake 1189
Non-selective aromatase inhibitors 913 O’Brien test 720, 862 Omentocele 895
Non-stress test 970 Obesity 701, 1108 Omeprazole 338
Nontreponemal tests 1083 Obiltoxaximab 369 Omphalocele 15
Non-typhoidal salmonellae 254 Obligate anaerobes 232, 255 Onchocerciasis 577
Noonan’s syndrome 435 Obligate intracellular parasites 277 Oncocytomas 132
Noradrenaline 321 Obsessions, types of 1100 Oncofetal antigens 937
Noradrenergic agents 340 Obsessive-compulsive disorders 1100, 1121 Oncogenes 933
Norepinephrine 322, 1119 Obstetric shock index 979 Oncolytic virus therapy 958
Normal chest X ray 1169 Obstruction, acute 888 Oncotic pressure 129
cardiothoracic ratio 1169 Ondansetron 1109
Obstructive sleep apnea 1106
lung fissures 1169 Ondine’s curse 1154
hypopnea syndrome 815
right hemidiaphragm 1169 One and half syndrome 802
Obturator artery, abnormal 95f
superior mediastinum 1169 One muscle cell 142f
Obturator test 892
trachea 1169 Oneroid schizophrenia 1094
Normal labor 976 Occipital cortex
Oniomania 1108
mechanism of 977 anterior 793 Onion peel
stages and duration 976 tip of 793 appearance 742f
Northern blotting 222 Ochronosis 193 diaphysis 1187
Northern exposure sign 1180 Ochsner’s clasp test 714f sign 1174
Nortriptyline 1114 Ochsner-Sherren regimen 1219 Onion skinning 391
Norwegian scabies 1076 Ocrelizumab 369 Onodi cell 639
Nose Octreotide 340, 356 Onychogryphosis 1067
chronic diseases of 640 Ocular Onycholysis 1044, 1066
essential anatomy of 638 movements 598 Oocyte
fracture of 643 muscle palsies 801 classification 1024
sign 1040 signs 503, 584 formation of secondary 3
vestibule of 17 trauma, penetrating 594 insemination 1024
I-42 Sure Success MAGIC

Oogenesis 2 Orgasmic disorder 1112 Osteophyte formation 736


stages in 3f Oriental spotted fever 850 Osteopoikilosis 1187
Opacity, grades of 549f Ormeloxifene 992 Osteoporosis 193, 743
Open fracture treatment 713 Ormond’s disease 866 Osteoprogenitor cells 22
Open ring sign 1182 Ornithine 191 Osteosarcoma 741, 743, 933, 937
Opera glass hand 1165 cycle 191 radiological features of 742f
Ophiasis pattern 1051 transcarbamylase 191 Ostwald solubility coefficient 1153
Ophitoxemia 533 Orphan Annie eye 388, 909f Otic polypoid mass 299
Ophthalmia neonatorum 249, 545 Orphan drugs 319 Otitic barotrauma 630
Ophthalmology 535, 589 Orthodromic conduction 138 Otitis externa
Ophthalmoscope Orthokeratosis 1039, 1046 diffuse 627
direct 542f Orthomyxovirus 270 malignant 627
indirect 542f Orthopaedics, history of 708 Otitis media 261, 630f, 692
Ophthalmoscopy 541 Orthopantomogram 1189, 1189f complications of 631
Opioid 341, 1110 Orthopnea 759, 804 secretory 629
analgesics 340, 1146 Orthotolidine 457 Otoacoustic emission 620
antagonists 339 Orthotolidine test 522 Otogenic brain abscess 632
intoxication, acute 341, 1110 Ortivancin 349 Otolaryngology 605
receptors, characteristics of 340 Ortolani test 862 Otomycosis 627
uses of 341 Osborn wave 862 Otosclerosis 634
withdrawal syndrome 1110 Oseltamivir 354 Otoscopy 630f
Opipramol 1114 Osiander’s sign 969 Ototoxicity 350, 625
Oppenheim’s sign 862 Osler’s node 766, 862 Ottawa ankle rules 730
Osler’s sign 862, 1040 Ottawa charter 478
Oppositional defiant disorder 1098
Osmia, types of 645 Otto Veraguth’s fold 1095
Optic atrophy 796
Osmolar ionic Ovarian ablation 913
ascending 797
agents, high 1162 Ovarian artery 999, 1000
bilateral primary 798
dimers, low 1162
primary 797f Ovarian cancer 1031
monomers, high 1162
Optic chiasma 792 Ovarian cortex 1000
Osmolar non-ionic monomers, low 1162
Optic disc changes 567 Ovarian drilling, laparoscopic 1016
Osmosis 128
Optic nerve Ovarian ectopic pregnancy 996
Osmotic fragility test 406
glioma 961 Ovarian follicles 1002
Osmotic pressure 129
sheath meningioma 961 Ovarian fossa 999
Osteitis deformans 745, 866
Optic neuritis 336, 794 Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome 1023
Osteitis fibrosa cystica 841, 842, 842f
Optic neuropathy 797, 1108 risk of 1023
Osteoarthritis 736
Optic radiation, temporal 793 Ovarian medulla 1000
Osteoblast 22, 23f
Optic tract 792 Ovarian neoplasms 1031, 1033
Osteoblastic metastases 1163
lesions 792 Osteoblastoma 741 benign 1031
Optimum iron concentration 251 Osteochondritis malignant 1031
Optochin sensitive 245 dissecans 719 Ovarian phase 1000
Optokinetic nystagmus 540, 622 types of 719 Ovarian reserve, quantitative marker of 1023
Oral Osteochondroma 741 Ovarian stimulation 1024
iron therapy, complications of 402 Osteoclastoma 741 Ovarian tumors
opening, test of 1123f Osteoclasts 22 classification of 1030
rehydration solution 701 Osteocyte 22, 23f histology 1032
Oraya fever 850 Osteogenesis imperfecta 736 Ovarian volume 1016
Orchidometer 664f Osteolytic metastases 1163 Ovary 999, 1195
Orchiectomy 952 Osteomalacia 852, 1164 forming, surface of 1201f
Organ of Corti, structure of 614f Osteomalacic pelvis 975 functional cysts of 1030
Organ space infection 874 Osteomeatal complex area 639 histology of 1000
Organ, abdominal 83 Osteomyelitis ligament of 999, 1000
Organic amnestic syndrome 1091 acute 737 suspensory ligament of 999
Organic irritants, active principles of 531 chronic 737 Overactive bladder, treatment of 1226
Organisms, motility of 228 special types of 738 Ovulation
Organochlorines 531 Osteonecrosis 710 diagnosis of 1021
Organophosphate 321, 525 Osteo-onychodysplasia 866 ultrasound signs of 1183
binding 321 Osteopathia striata 1187 Ovulatory dysfunctional uterine bleeding,
poisoning 531 Osteopetrosis 1187 treatment of 1015
Index I-43

Oxalic acid poisoning 527 Pandora’s pneumonitis 1184 Paraurethral glands 997
Oxaloacetate 208, 213 Panic disorder 1101 Paraxial mesoderm forms 4
Oxamniquine 355 cardinal features 1101 Paresis of insane, general 1083
Oxazepam 1115 treatment 1101 Parietal optic radiation 793
Oxazolidinones 351 Panitumumab 315, 365, 949 Parietal pleura, subdivisions of 66
Oxybutynin 321 Panniculus adiposus 1038 Parietal region, left 1200f
Oxygen 232, 1133 Panniculus carnosus 1038 Parinaud’s syndrome 803
administration 927 Panobinostat 370 Park Williams 8’ strain 250
consumption 155 Panretinal photocoagulation 572 Park’s classification 890, 1219
delivery methods 1129 Pantoprazole 338 Parkins applanation tonometry 565f
extraction ratio 161 Pantothenic acid 213, 218 Parkinson’s disease 782, 867, 1119,
flowmeter 1134 Panuveitis 575 1215, 1223
flush 1134 Pap smear 1027 clinical features of 782
hemoglobin dissociation curve 161 Papain 186 drugs for 343
pressure failure devices 1134 digestion 310 Parkland formula 876
saturation, normal 1129 Papez circuit 121 Parks-Bielschowsky three-step test 799, 800
toxicity 1129 Papillary dermis, superficial 1037 Paromomycin 350
transport 161 Papilledema, established 796f Parona’s space 725
Oxytocin 707, 834, 979 Papilloedema 795 Paronychia 725
Ozenoxacin 369 chronic 796 Parotid capsule 107
Papilloma Parotid duct 108
adult 654 Parotid gland 6, 107, 108f
P
squamous 944 parasympathetic innervation of 108
Pachyonychia congenita 1067 Papillomatosis 1080 processes of 107
Packed cell volume 398 Papovaviridae 268 relations of 107
Paclitaxel 1033 Papular acrodermatitis 1080 structures inside 107
Paget’s disease 743, 745, 866, 1167, 1197 Papulovesicular lesions 1076 Parotid tumor, typical 958f
breast 912 Para-amino salicylic acid 337 Paroxetine 1114
nipple 909, 1204f Paracetamol 1080 Paroxysmal nocturnal
penis 388 poisoning 328 dyspnea 759
Pagetoid phenomenon 1078 Paracoccidioidomycosis 274 hemoglobinuria 407
Pain Parafollicular C cells 837 Paroxysmal positional vertigo, benign 623
abdominal 848, 884, 941, 988 Paragonimus westermani 277, 283 Paroxysmal supraventricular
and inflammation 886 Parahaemolyticus 261 tachycardia 756
disorder 1103 Parakeratosis 1039, 1041 Pars flaccida 629
Palatine tonsils 647 Paraldehyde 525 Partogram 977
Palbociclib 370 Parallel fasciculi 27 Parvovirus 268
Palliative Radiation Programs 1193 Paralysis, medullary 1130 Pasireotide 370
Pallidotomy 343 Paralytic ileus 890 Passenger injuries 511
Palls’s sign 813, 862 Parametric tests 440 Pastia’s lines 244
Palmer’ sign 970 Paramyxovirus 270 Pastia’s sign 862
Palmoplantar keratoderma 1047 Paranasal sinuses 1188 Patau’s syndrome 433, 433f
Palms, hyperkeratosis of 528 carcinoma 644 Patch test 1048
Palpable purpura 832 Paraneoplastic pemphigus 1067, 1071 Patchy bilateral infiltrates 1176
Pamidronate 745 Paranoid schizophrenia 1089, 1094, 1110 Patent ductus arteriosus 677, 751
Panacinar emphysema 806 Paraphilias, types of 521 Paterson-Kelly syndrome 880
Pancoast syndrome 67 Paraphrenia, late 1094 Patey’s mastectomy 914
Pancreas 85, 897, 901 Parapox virus 1080 Pathergy phenomenon 1078
carcinoma 928 Parapsoriasis 1043 Paton’s lines 796
development 9 Parasite Patrick Yesudian sign 1040
ducts of 86 density index 464 Patrick’s test 862
relations of 85 incidence, annual 464 Patulous eustachian tube 629
scan 1199 life cycle of 276 Pauly’s test 189
Pancreatitis 902 tests for 278 Pautrier microabscesses 391, 1041
acute 901, 1213 Parasitic diseases 278 Pauwels classification 726
chronic 902, 928, 1163, 1213 Parasomnias 1104 Pavilizumab 315, 354
Pancuronium 1144 Parasympathetic nervous system 180 Pavithran’s nose sign 1040
Pancytopenia 407, 413 Parathyroid gland 840 Pawlik’s grip 976, 976f
Panda’s sign 1041, 1183, 1184 Parathyroidectomy 842 Peabody’s sign 862
I-44 Sure Success MAGIC

Peak flow meter 1210f Penicillinase 348 Pervasive developmental disorders 1098
Pear heart 1185 Penicillium Pes planovalgus 829
Pear sign 1072f, 1075 chrysogenum 348 Pessary treatment 1013
Pearl index 991 notatum 348 Pesticide toxicity labels 481f
Pearl necklace gallbladder 1186 Penile urethra 11, 89 Petechial hemorrhages, small 803
Pear-shaped bladder, causes of 1181 Penis 90 Peterson hernia 896
Peau d’orange appearance of skin 1207f cancer of 953 Petrositis 632
Pectoral girdle 31 carcinoma 932 Peutz-Jeghers syndrome 932, 935, 946
Pectoral region 42 in situ of 953 Peyr’s test 729
Pedestal sign 1187 nerve supply of 90 Pfannenstiel incision 872
Pedestrian injuries 511 ventral aspect of 997 Phagedenic ulceration 1081
dynamics of 511f Pentazocine 341 Phagocytic cells 381
Pediatric Pentose phosphate pathway 209 Phagocytic disorders 314
cardiovascular system 672 Pentoxifylline 1220 Phagocytosis 380, 381
CNS conditions 688 Pepper pot 842 Phagolysosome 133
elbow 30f Pepsin digestion 310 Phakomatoses 787
endocrine conditions 690 Peptic ulcer 325, 885 Phalanges, subperiosteal resorption of 842
epilepsy syndromes, common 689 disease 338
gastrointestinal conditions 682 Phalen’s maneuver 862
drugs for 338, 884 Pharmacology, basics of 317
hematologic conditions 687 perforated 1186
renal conditions 685 Pharyngeal arches 7f
Peramivir 354 Pharyngeus 657
Pediculosis 1076 Pergolide 343
Pediculus humanus capitis 1076 Pharyngitis, pseudomembranous 251
Peribulbar block 559 Pharyngoconjunctival fever 268
Pedigree charting, symbols used in 429 Pericarditis 771
Pedophilia 521 Pharyngotympanic tube 610
, acute 754f
Peg cells, secretory 999 Pharynx anatomy 646
Pericardium 68
Pel-Ebstein fever 414 Phemister’s triad 1187
Perichondrium, devoid of 25
Pelger huet anomaly 410 Phencyclidine 1089
Perinatal ischemic brain injury 388
Peliosis hepatis 902 Phenobarbitone 1215
Perineal body 93
Pelvic Phenol poisoning 527
Perineal pouch, superficial 92
diaphragm 93 Phenol red thread test 1216
Perineal region 1056
fluid 1181 Phenomena 1078
Perineal tear 979
fractures 725 Phenophthalein test 522
degree of 1034
hematoma 1181 Phenoxybenzamine 331, 1139
management of 980
inflammatory disease 906, 990, 1010 Phentermine 340
Perineum 92
kidney 902 Phenylalanine diet, low 192
mass 1033 Perinuclear halo 1057f
Periodic fluctuation 449 Phenylephrine 322
pain 1017, 1029, 1033 Phenylketonuria 192
Pelvis 745 Perioral pallor 1049
Peripheral resistance, factors affecting 154 Phenylpropanolamine 340
square-shaped 1166f Phenytoin 1109, 1016, 1215
types of 974 Peristalsis 170
Peritoneal cavities 5, 75 Pheochromocytoma 846, 1223
Pemberton’s osteotomy 733
Peritoneal ligament 75 Philadelphia chromosome 411
Pemberton’s sign 862, 922
related signs 1179 Phlebogram 748, 748f
Pembrolizumab 315
Peritoneum 74 Phlegmasia alba dolens 385
Pemphigus 1039, 1070
Peritonsillar abscess 244, 647 Phlegmasia cerulea dolens 385
direct immunofluorescence of 1070f
Peritrichate flagella 254 Phloxine tartrazine 522
foliaceus 1071, 1072f, 1073f
histopathology of 1073f Periungual telangiectasia 1067 Phobias
vegetans 1039 Periventricular white matter disease 780 specific 1100
vulgaris 134, 1071, 1072f, 1073f, 1078 Perkin’s line 732f, 734 treatment of 1100
histopathology of 1073f Perkin’s sign 732f Phocomelia 707f
Pen test, negative 715f Perkin’s traction 712 Phonasthenia 653
Penciclovir 354 Perl’s iron 393 Phosphate compounds, high energy 211
Pencil point cortex 1164 Peroneal nerve, common 57 Phosphate system 872
Pendred’s syndrome 623, 924 Peroxisome 133 Phosphatidylcholine 215
Penicillamine 526 Personality disorders 1104 Phospholipid 131, 420
Penicillin 244, 251, 348, 443 Personality tests 1119 Phosphorus poisoning 528
allergy 1084 Perthes disease 747, 852 Phosphorylation
G 348 Pertussis toxin 258 oxidative 211
V 348 Pertuzumab 364 substrate level 207, 213
Index I-45

Phossy jaw 528 Pityrosporum orbiculare 1048 Plocquet’s test 517


Photochromogens 252 Pivot joints 25, 25f Plummer’s disease 388, 840
Photoelectric flame photometer 1216 Pivot shift test 729 Plummer’s nail 862
Photokeratitis 552 Placenta 963, 985 Plummer-Vinson syndrome 880
Photopatch test 1048 accreta 980 Plus disease 591
Photophobia 125, 193 extrachorialis 964 Pneumatic balloon dilation 878
Photophthalmia 552 maternal portion of 963 Pneumatocele 1172
Photoretinitis 867 membranacea 964 chest X-ray of 1173f
Photostress test 540 premature detachment of 985 Pneumococcal diseases 246
Phototherapy 671f previa 980, 986 Pneumococci, capsule of 245f
Phren’s sign 925 dangerous type of 986 Pneumoconiosis 810
Phrenic nerve 15f spuria 963 Pneumocystis 298
Phthiriasis palpebrarum 1077 Placental implantation, abnormal 986 jirovecii 298, 1203f
Phthirus pubis 1077
Placental separation pneumonia 1174
Phthisis bulbi 603
cleavage of 963 Pneumolysin 246
Phycomycetes 1068
methods of 1222 Pneumonia 680
Phyllodes tumour 911
signs of 978 classification of 680
Physaliphorous cells 1187
Placido disc 541f Pneumoperitoneum 1179
Piano key test 747
Piblokto 1118 Plague, pneumonic 257, 263 Pneumotachograph 1154
Pica 1107 Plantar fasciitis 718 Pneumothorax 1157, 1172
Picadli’s circle 639 Plantar warts spontaneous 806
Pick disease 388, 392 deep 1056 Pohil-Pinkus marks 391
Pickering syndrome 868 superficial 1056 Poikiloderma 1064
Picket fence fever 850 Plaques 784f Pointing index sign 714f
Pickwickian syndrome 1106 Plasma cell 418f Poiseuille-Hagen formula 152
Picornaviruses 269 disorders 417 Poisoning 526
Pictogram 442 Plasma exchange remains 420 acute 528
Pie/sector diagram 442 Plasma membrane 131 chronic 528, 529
Pierre-Robin syndrome 623 Plasma protein 128 Poisonous snakes 533
Pigment stones 899 Plasma values, normal 872 Poisons, classification of 525
Pigmentary demarcation lines 1075 Plasmacytoid cells 307 Police inquest 492, 521
Pili 231 Plasmapheresis 418, 783, 784 Polio vaccines 459
Pillow sign 1040 Plasmid 238, 437 Poliosis 1066
Pilonidal sinus 889 classification of 238 Poliovirus 269
Pilot balloon 1123 Plasmodia 293 Pollicis brevis, abductor 715f
Pimavanserin 369 Plasmodium 288, 291 Polyangiitis 832
Pimecrolimus 1079 falciparum 293 Polyarteritis nodosa 831
Pin index 1133 knowlesi 291 Polychromasia 400, 406f
Pinard’s maneuver 981 life cycle of 292, 443 Polychromatic cells 407f
Pink disease 529, 529f vivax, life cycle of 292f Polycystic kidney, congenital 11
Pinna Plaster casts 711 Polycystic ovarian disease 1016
development of 613f
Plateau iris 571 Polycythemia 409
perichondritis of 628
Platelet 1151 causes of 409
Pinocytosis 381
activating factor 382 Polydipsia 193
Pins’s sign 921
and vessel wall, disorders of 419 Polyembryoma 1031
Pipecuronium 1144
destruction, peripheral 420 Polyene group 353
Pipeline inlet connections 1133
Piper’s forceps 981 disorders 419 Polygonal squamous tumor cells 958f
Piperazine 355 Platinum compounds 362 Polygraph 518
Pirenzepine 321, 338 Platypnea 804 Polyhydramnios 966
Pirfenidone 370 Plecanatide 369 Polymenorrhea 1007
Piribedil 343 Pleiotropy 437 Polymerase chain reaction 222
Pisiform 30 Pleomorphism 931 Polymorphonuclear leukocytes 392
Piskaçek’s sign 862 Plerocercoid larva 282 Polymorphous light eruption 1065
Pitch fork sign 1179 Plethora, pulmonary 673 Polymyositis 827, 828
Pituitary fossa, ballooning of 1182 Pleurodesis 926 Polymyxin B and colistin 351
Pityriasis Pleuromutilins 351 Polyneuritis, sensory and motor 528
alba 1049 Plexiform neurofibromatosis 788f Polyomavirus 268
capitis 1069 Plexiglass gelatin microspheres 878 Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia 1165
rosea 1047, 1047f, 1078 Plica semilunaris 542 Polypeptide, pancreatic 850
I-46 Sure Success MAGIC

Polyploidy 423 Potassium Primary vasculitis, classification of 831


Polyproline helix 19 dichromate 522, 1109 Prinzmetal angina 330
Polysaccharide 204 ferrocyanide 527 Prion diseases 790
capsule 246 iodide 840 Pristinamycin 351
protein conjugate vaccine 246 Potent androgen 1006 Probing and irrigation test 593
vaccine 248 Pott’s disease 809 Procainamide 333
Polythene debris, high-density 1227 Pouch of Douglas 998 Procarbazine 364
Polyurethane 989, 1123 Povidone iodine 1080 Processus cochleariformis 1214
Polyvalent snake antivenin 533 Powder burn spots 1225 Prochlorperazine 778
Polyvinyl chloride tubes 1123 Poxvirus 268 Proctocolitis 1081
Polyvinylpyrrolidone 236 Poynting effect 1153 Proctoscope 930f
Polyzoospermia 1020 Prader-Willi syndrome 435, 1222 Profound metabolic acidosis 1147
Pomalidomide 369 Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Profunda brachii, branches of 41
Pomeroy’s tubectomy 991 Abhiyan 471 Profunda femoris 59
Pompholyx 1050, 1050f Pralidoxime 321 Progestasert 990
Ponder’s stains 231 Prandial insulin 358 Progesterone 963, 965
Ponderal index 704 Prasugrel 346 serum 1022
Pons 119 Pratt’s sign 862 therapy 1015
cut-section of 619f Prayer sign 1041, 1123 uses of 1005
Pontine dysfunction 803 Praziquantel 355 Progestins 913
Popcorn calcification 1184 Prazosin 1109 Projective test 1119
Popliteal artery 59 Pre-botzinger complex 1216 Prokaryotes 230
aneurysms 927 Precipitin test 522 Prokaryotic gene regulation 1228
Precorneal tear film 553 Prokinetic drugs 878
Porencephaly 14
Pre-deciduous teeth 658 Prolactinoma 835
Porins 1226
Prednisolone 840 Proliferating parietal epithelial cells 823f
Porphobilinogen 214
Preeclampsia 987 Proline disrupts alpha helix 195
Porphyria cutanea tarda 1069
Pre-embryonic period 3 Promontory sign 1041
Porphyrias 216
Pre-erythrocytic schizogony 292 Pronephros 11
Porta hepatis 84
Pregnancy 332 Propamidine isethionate 551
Portal acinus 84
absolute signs of 970 Propantheline 321
Portal hypertension, classification of 818
acute fatty liver of 988 Prophylactic cranial irradiation 939, 1193
Portal systemic anastomoses, sites of 97
diagnosis of 969 Prophylaxis 246
Portwine stain 789, 866, 923
intrahepatic cholestasis of 988 Propofol 1140, 1147
Porus acusticus 612
multiple 984 Propranolol 840
Positive and negative syndrome scale 1095
positive signs of 970 Proptosis 125, 603
Positive end expiratory pressure 1148 pustular psoriasis of 1043f Propylthiouracil 840, 987, 1051
advantages 1148 syphilis in 1084 Prostaglandins 326
disadvantages 1148 ultrasound signs of 1184 clinical uses of 327
Positron emission tomography 1160 Preiser’s disease 724 Prostate 92
Post kala azar dermal leishmaniasis 1077 Prematurity 704 cancer 937, 951, 1195
Postcaval ureter 903 complications of 704 TNM staging of 951
Postcoital test 1021 features of 704 carcinoma 932
Posterior cord, branches of 39 Premenstrual syndrome 1103 cell 952
Postherpetic neuralgia 1056 Prenatal diagnostic techniques 996 metastatic cancer of 387
Postmenopausal bleeding 996, 1015 Pre-operative cardiac risk assessment 771 specific antigen 937, 951
investigation of 1016 Presbycusis 624 Prostatectomy, radical 952
Postmortem Presbyopia 538 Prostatic acid phosphatase 937
burns 518 Pressure 1152 Prosthesis, artificial 635
caloricity 503 immobilization 533 Protease inhibitors 302
changes 502, 527 regulator 1133 Proteasome inhibitors 366
clot 522 system, low 1134 Protein 131
lividity 505 Presynaptic blockade 140 classification of 194
Postpartum mood disturbances 1097 Prick testing 1048 denaturation 196
Postpone labor 982 Prickle cell layer 1036 energy malnutrition 699
Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, Prickly heat 1075 intermediate filaments 134
acute 686, 824 Prilocaine 1145 outer membrane 248
Post-traumatic stress disorder 1101, 1121 Primary angle closure glaucoma 570 peripheral 131
Postural reflexes 179 Primary open angle glaucoma 566 precipitation reaction of 196
Index I-47

regulatory 142 Pseudoneurotic schizophrenia 1094 Pulseless disease 867


secondary structure of 198 Pseudo-Nikolsky sign 1075 Pulseless electrical activity 770
separation and purification methods 196 Pseudo-obstruction 889 Pulsus alternans 749
shape of 194 causes of 889 Pulsus bisferiens 749
structure of 195 Pseudoparalysis 852 Punch biopsy 1027
structure, study of 197 Pseudopelade of Brocq 1051 Punchi’s sign 1041
tertiary structure of 198 Pseudo-pseudo-hypoparathyroidism 842 Pupillary light reflexes, pathways of 791f
transmembrane 131 Pseudoseizures 1102 Pupillary reflexes 791
Proteinuria, quantifying 851 Pseudostratified columnar epithelium 17f Puppe’s rule 516
Proteus 227, 253 Pseudothrombocytopenia 419 Purandare’s sling cervicopexy 1012
Proton beam therapy 1190 Pseudouridine 222 Pure tone audiometry 618
Proton pump inhibitors 338, 885 Psoas sign 892 uses of 618
Proto-oncogenes 933 Psoriasis 1041, 1042f, 1043, 1044f, 1067, 1078 Purine antagonists 363
Protoplasmic poison 528 extent, measures of 1045 Purine bases 222
Protozoa 276, 288, 289 rupioid 1042 Purity mania 1119
Protriptyline 1114 treatment of 1045 Purkinje cell loss 1108
Protrusio acetabuli 1164 types of 1042 Pustular psoriasis 1043
Provocative tests 571 vulgaris 1042 acute generalized 1043f
Proximal femur, inner margins of 1165f Psychiatric illnesses 1119 subtypes of 1043
Proximal humerus, chondrosarcoma of 742f Psychiatry 1086 Putamen circuit 121
Prozone phenomenon 1084 classification 1086 Putti’s triad 734
Pruning 1172 tests in 1119 Putty kidney 825
Pruritic excoriated papules 1077 Psychoanalysis 1116 Pyelonephritis, acute 1181
Pruritus 988 Psychological and neuropsychological Pyloric stenosis 884
Psammoma bodies 389, 391, 1032 diagnostic tests 1120 Pyloroplasty 882
Psaros triangle 885 Psychomotor activity 1096 Pyoderma gangrenosum 1054, 1054f,
Pseudoachalasia 879 Psychosexual development, stages of 1117 1067, 1078
Pseudoarthrosis 736 Psychosis 1087 Pyogenic granuloma 924
Pseudobulbar palsy 803 postpartum 1097 Pyramidal tracts 177
Pseudocalculi 825 Pterygoid plates 643f Pyrazinamide 336
Pseudocommunity 852 Ptosis 602, 794 Pyridostigmine 784
Pseudocoxalgia 852 congenital 602 Pyridoxine 218, 336, 343
Pseudocritical temperature 1153 treatment of 602 Pyrimidine bases 222
Pseudo-Cushing’s syndrome 845 Puberphonia 653, 1224 Pyromania 1107
causes of 845 Puberty, precocious 690 Pyrophobia 1100
Pseudo-Darier’s sign 1039 Pubic lice 1077 Pyroptosis 376
Pseudodementia 852 Pubic rami in osteomalacia, Pyrosis 878
Pseudoexfoliation superior and inferior 1165f Pyruvate 208
glaucoma 573 Pubic symphysis 892f carboxylase 213
syndrome 573f Pudendal artery, internal 95 dehydrogenase 1218
Pseudofractures 852, 1164 Pudendal canal 93 kinase 207
Pseudoglioma 960 Pudendal nerve 93 deficiency 207
Pseudogout 737 Puerperal mastitis 995
Pseudohemoptysis 852 Puerperium 986
Pseudohypoparathyroidism 842 Pugilistic attitude 519f
Q
Pseudohypopyon 578f Puhl’s lesion 807 Q fever 850, 852
Pseudologia fantastica 1104 Pulmonary Q tip test 1014
Pseudolymphoma 852 arteriography, computed tomography Quad test 428
Pseudomembrane 543f of 1212f Quadrantectomy 913
Pseudomonas 229, 262, 1080 circulation, regulation of 156 Quadratus lumborum 45, 74
aeruginosa bacteremia, edema, acute 759 Quadriceps 736
skin manifestation of 1056 embolism, diagnosis of 813 Quadriplegia, spastic 690
infection 1069 hypertension, onset of 759 Quadrivalent vaccine 268
mallei 262 vascular obstructive disease 760 Quadruple therapy 881
organisms 262 Pulse Quarantine 448
pseudomallei 227, 262 oximeter 1129, 1129f Queckenstedt’s maneuver 862
Pseudomycosis 1080 Polio Immunization 461 Queckenstedt’s test 632
Pseudomyxoma peritonei 1031 pressure 1219 Queen Anne’s sign 1040
Pseudoneuritis 537f types of 749 Quellung reaction 246
I-48 Sure Success MAGIC

Quetelet’s index 851 Radiosensitivity 1195 Red phosphorus 528


Quetiapine 1114 Radiosurgery, stereotactic 1193, 1194 Red pulp 86
Quinacrine pellet 991 Radiotherapy 1190 Red rubber catheter 929f
Quincke’s disease 1063, 1136f intraoperative 1195 Reddish-orange perifollicular papules 1065
Quincke’s sign 756, 862 long-term effects of 1194 Reductometric methods 206
Quincke-Babcock needle 1136, 1137 subacute of 1194 Reed-Sternberg cells 384, 415f
Quinidine 333 Radioulnar joints 32 presence of 414
Quinolones 337, 348 Radioulnar synostosis, congenital 735 Reese Ellsworth classification 960
Radium-226 1193 Reflex
Raindrop pigmentation 529f ileus 890
R
Raindrop psoriasis 1042 non-optical 802
Rabies 462, 463 Raindrop skull 1214 primitive 659
antemortem diagnosis of 867 Raloxifene 913, 1007 Refraction, basics of 535
basics of 462 Raltegravir 304 Refractive procedures 539
virus 270 Ramelteon 1105 Refractory period 138
types of 462 Ramsay Hunt syndrome 628, 1056 Refsum’s disease 623
Rabiprazole 338 Ramstedt’s pyloromyotomy 683 Refsum’s syndrome 589
Raccoon eyes 790 Rancke complex 807 Regional injuries 508
Rachischisis 14 Ranibizumab 315, 589 Rehydration 701
Rachitic pelvis 975 Ranson Imrie scoring 901 Reid index 806, 1027
Racing car sign 1183 Rapamycin 316 Reinke’s crystal 1032
Racoon’s sign 1041 Rape 520 Reinke’s edema 652
Radial and circular muscles, and sex-related topics 520 Reinsch tests 529
contraction of 574 examination in case of 520
Reisser’s sign 1167
Radial collateral ligament 32 Rapid eye movement 1105
Reiter’s syndrome 832
Radial nerve 37 desynchronized 1105
Relapsing fever 850, 852
injury 716 paradoxical 1105
Relaxed skin tension lines 1075
palsy Rapid immunochromatographic test 294
Release sign 892
high 716 Rapunzel syndrome 884
Remifentanil 1146
low 716 Ras gene 1217
Renal agenesis 685
treatment of 717 Rasagiline 343
pathology of 1201f Renal aplasia 902
Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram 471
Radiation 236 Renal arteriography 1182
Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram 471
adverse effects of 1194 Renal artery
Rasmussen aneurysm 807
derived units 1192 aneurysm 928
Rat poison 421
dose 1161 multiple 903
Rayalaseema phenomenon 516
exposure 1161 Raygat’s test 517 stenosis 1163
physics 1191 Raymond’s syndrome 868 Renal biopsy 686, 823
preventive and social medicine Raynaud’s phenomenon 830 Renal blood
aspects of 1196 Reactive attachment disorder 1121 flow numerics 166
schedules 1193 Reboxetine 1114 vessels 769f
sickness, acute 1194 Rectal bilharziasis 889 Renal cell carcinoma 932, 949, 950, 1211f
Radical hysterectomy Rectal prolapse 889 Renal collecting systems, duplex 1181
modified 1034 Rectouterine pouch 998 Renal disease 299
types of 1034 Rectum 81 end-stage 820
Radical mastectomy, extended 914 Rectus abdominis 73 Renal dysfunction 986
Radical mastoidectomy, modified 633, 914 Rectus palsy, lateral 801f Renal ectopia 902
Radical neck dissection, modified 924 Rectus sheath 73 Renal failure 193, 347, 420, 820, 1216
Radioactive iodine 907 Red cell acute 374, 420
Radiobiology 1191 aplasia, pure 408 risk of 1131
Radiocapitular joints 724f appearances, common 399 Renal Fanconi’s syndrome 193
Radiofrequency 638 casts 1205f Renal halo sign 928
surgery 1220 concentrate 1150 Renal osteodystrophy 820
Radioiodine 987 distribution width 398 Renal pelvis
Radionuclide lifespan 401 and ureter 950
imaging 1197 morphological abnormalities of 400f duplex 903
scans 1197 Red degeneration 1018 squamous cell carcinoma of 950
Radioprotective agents 1195 Red eyes, acute 543 Renal physiology 165
Radiosensitive tumors, highly 1195 Red man syndrome 349 Renal scan 1197
Index I-49

Renal stones 905 Retina 583f Rhinoscleroma 641


clinical features 905 basics of 580 Rhinosporidiosis 640
etiology 905 gross anatomy of 580 Rhizopus 274
Renal system 344, 819, 902, 968 layers of 581f Rho kinase inhibitor 1090, 1221
Renal transplantation 821 microscopic anatomy of 581 Rhodopsin 794
Renal tuberculosis 825 Retinal degenerations, peripheral 587 cycle 794
Renal tubular Retinal detachment 587, 1221 Rhythm method 989
acidosis 825 Retinal ganglion cell pathways 794 Rhytidectomy 926
fluid 872 Retinal hemorrhage 1212f Rib 60
Renal vein thrombosis 826 Retinal necrosis, acute 578 atypical 60, 61
Renbok phenomenon 1078 Retinal pigment epithelium 587 classification of 60
Renin angiotensin system 166, 167fc Retinal tamponade 588 fracture, multiple 927
Renshaw cell 140 Retinal vein occlusion 585 typical 60
Reoviruses 270 Retinal vessel occlusions 585 Ribavirin 354
Reperfusion therapy 763 Retinitis Riboflavin 213, 218
Reproductive and Child Health Program 468 pigmentosa 588, 588f, 589 Ribonucleotides 222
Reproductive organs punctata albescens 588 Rice grain calcification 281, 1182f
male 90 Retinoblastoma 578f, 932, 959, 960, 960f Rice water stools 260
sensitivity of 1000 genetics of 959 Rich focus 807
Resembling natural diseases 525 Retinoic acid 1079 Richter’s hernia 895
Reservoir sign 641 Retinoids 365, 1045 Ricinus communis 531
Resistance vessels 154 Retinoschisis 587 Rickets 1164
Reslizumab 336 Retinoscopy 535, 536 Rickettsiae 229
Resorcinol 1079 Retract posterior vaginal wall 1035f Rickettsial diseases 264
Respiration 164 Retrobulbar block 559 Ridley-Jopling classification 1059
paradoxical 927 Retrocaval ureter 928 Riedel’s thyroiditis 840
regulation of 163 Retrochiasmal pre-geniculate Riesman’s sign 862
Respiratory optic tract lesions 797 Rifabutin 337
apparatus 64 Retrocolumellar vein 642 Rifampicin 336
disease 298 Retro-orbital pain 632 Rifapentine 337
common 160 Retroperitoneal Rifaximin 370
distress syndrome fibrosis 928 Rifled firearm, calibre of 513f
acute 1176f lymph node 953 Right facial nerve, infranuclear lesion of 785f
neonatal 666 structures 74 Right iliac fossa, greenish
failure 814, 927 zones 893, 893f discoloration of 505f
infections 679 Retrosternal goiter 907 Right popliteal fossa, boundaries of 56f
movements 62 large 922 Right upper quadrant signs 1179
paralysis, stage of 1130 Retroviruses 271 Rigler’s sign 862, 1179
physiology 156 Rett’s syndrome 1098 Rigler’s triad 888, 899
quotient 155 Reversible cell injury 373 Rigor 293
sounds 679 Revised cardiac risk index 771, 1131 mortis 504, 504f, 517, 526
syncytial virus 354 Revised National TB Control Program 453 Riley-Day syndrome 866
syndrome, severe acute 466 Revlimid 366 Rilpivirine 303
system 334, 968, 1168 Reye’s syndrome 388, 818 Rim sign in nephrogram 1181
tract 282, 810 Reynolds Braude phenomenon 1078 Rima glottidis 650
Rest tremor 782 Reynolds number 153 Rimantadine 354
Resting membrane potential 130 Reynolds pentad 862, 866 Ring occlusion test, deep 894
Restless leg syndrome 782 Rhabdomyoma 1215 Ring pessary, uses of 1013
Restrictive food intake disorder 1107 Rhabdomyosarcoma 960, 1033 Ring-enhancing lesion 1182
Resuscitation protocol 702 Rhabdovirus 270 Ringer lactate 1213
Retapamulin 351 Rheumatic chorea, severe 1214 Ringworm 1068
Reteplase 763 Rheumatic fever, diagnosis of 677 Rinne test 862
Reticular dermis, deep 1037 Rheumatoid Rising sun sign 1174
Reticular fibres 20 arthritis, drugs for 329 Risperidone 1114
Reticular system 306 factors 829 Ritgen maneuver 977, 979
Reticular veins 916 Rhinitis, types of 645 Ritodrine 322
Reticulocytes 398 Rhinolalia 653 Ritonavir 303
Reticulocytosis 404 Rhinoplasty 926 Ritter’s disease 241
Retigabine 342 Rhinorrhea, paradoxical 641 Rituximab 315, 365, 420
I-50 Sure Success MAGIC

Rivastigmine 1090 Rubula 444 Samson-Young classification, modified 1122


Rivociclib 370 Rucaparib 370 Samter’s triad 804, 866
RNA 224 Rufinamide 342 Sandblom, triad of 865
synthesis, blocks 336 Rule of 9 519 Sanders-Retzlaff-Kraff formula 560
viruses 266, 269, 270, 937 Rumination disorder 1107 Sandwich sign 1186
classification of 265 Rumpel-Leede sign 863 Sandy patches 826
Robert’s pelvis 975 Runner’s knee 730 Saphena varix 916
Robert’s sign 1183 Runyon’s classification 252 Saphenous
Robin hood effect 1139 Russell viper venom test 1223 eye 917
Robson staging 932 Russell’s bodies 391 nerve 56
Rockall and Blatchford scores 1213 Russell’s sign 863, 1041 vein
Rockall risk score 885 Russell’s traction 712 long 59
Rocker bottom foot 736 Ryle’s tube 930f reverse 1213
Rocky mountain spotted fever 850 short 60
Rocuronium 1144 small 60
S SAPHO syndrome 1214
Rodent ulcer 866
Rokitansky Aschoff sinuses 85 Saber-sheath trachea 1175 Sapropterin dihydrochloride 192
Rokitansky’s hernia 896 Sabin Feldman dye test 278 Saquinavir 303
Romana’s sign 862, 1041 Sabouraud’s dextrose agar 238, 1068 Sarcoglycans 143
Romano ward syndrome 753, 758 Saccharic acids 205 Sarcoidosis 811, 812, 830, 1051
Romanus lesion 1163 Sach’s buffered glycerol saline 253 microscopic appearance of 812f
Romberg test 621, 862 Sacral agenesis 1216 microscopy of 812
Romiplostim 420 Sacral plexus 57 Sarcolemma 143
Rooftop incision 872 Sacrococcygeal teratoma 4 Sarcoma 931
Root of nose, fracture of 643f Sacroiliac joint dysfunction 1216 botryoides 1033
Sacroiliitis 1045 Sarcomere 142
Rosai Dorfman disease 392
Saddle joint 26f Sarcoptic mange 1076
Rose bengal card test 259
Sade’s classification 638 Sarcotubular system 143
Rose position 649f
Sade’s grading 629 structure of 143f
Rose’s sign 862
Safety pin 1081 Sargramostim 314
Rosenbach’s test 862
Sarilumab 371
Rosenmuller lymph nodes 997 Safinamide 371, 867
Satellite lesions 548f
Roseola infantum 693 Saint’s triad 866, 879
Saturated sodium chloride solution 526
Rosette cataract 560f Salbutamol 322
Sausage digit 1189
Rosette, types of 387 Saline diuresis 525
Savva’s test 1122
Rosiglitazone 1018 Saline infusion sonography 1022
Saw tooth appearance 1186
Rossman fold 196 Saline, normal 1151
Sawtoothing 1077
Rossolimo’s sign 862 Saliva 867
Scabbard trachea 1187
Rotator cuff Salivary gland 107
Scabies 1076
injury 720 major 107
incognito 1076
signs of 721 minor 107 mite 1076f
tear 720 scanning 1199 nodular 1076
tendons 720 sublingual 108f varieties of 1076
Roth’s spots 766, 862, 1212f tumos 958 Scala communis 612
Rotten egg 525 Salivary secretion 172 Scala media 611
odor 521 Salivary tumors, malignant 958 Scala tympani, lower 610
Rotter’s nodes 922 Salmon patch 866, 923 Scala vestibule, upper 610
Rouleaux formation 417f, 418 Salmonella 254, 773 Scala vestibuli 611
Rouvier nodes 922 osteomyelitis 254, 404 Scale, types of 1038
Roux-en-Y esophagogastrojejunostomy 882 shigella agar 253 Scaling, peripheral 1068
Rovsing’s sign 863, 892 typhi 227 Scalp 100
Rubeanic acid 393 Salt and pepper skin 1080 arterial supply of 100
Rubella 693 Saltatory conduction 138 lack of normal development of 14f
congenital 693 Salter and Harris layers of 100
Rubeola 444, 691 classification 719, 719f nerve supply of 100
Rubeosis iridis 572, 572f physeal injury 719f sensory nerves of 102f
Rubin/Leech Wilkinson cannula 1022f Salter’s osteotomy 733 Scalpel blades 872
Rubin’s criteria 1221 Salus’s sign 863 Scaphoid fracture 724
Rubin’s maneuver 981 Salvarsan 227 Scapula 27
Rubner’s test 534 Samitz sign 1041 fracture 722
Index I-51

Scapular anastomosis 41 Sclerema neonatorum 1078 Selegiline 343


Scar 1038 Scleritis 556 Selenium 182, 221
Scarlet fever 243, 244, 1055 posterior 556 sulfide shampoo 1069
Scatter/dot diagram 441 Scleroderma 830, 1080 Selenocysteine 221
Schaeffer’s sign 863, 1221 limited 827 Sellick’s maneuver 1135, 1145
Schamroth’s window test 863 linear 1051 Semaglutide 371
Schatzki’s ring 879 renal crisis 830 Seman’s squeeze 1112
Schaumann bodies 390, 812f Sclerosing cholangitis, primary 899, 1163 Semantic memory 181
Scheele’s green 528 Sclerosis 1038 Semen analysis 1020
Scheuermann’s disease 866 multiple 324, 783 parameters 1020
Schiller’s Duvall bodies 1032 subchondral 736 Semicarpus anacardium 531, 532f
Schiller’s test 863 systemic 830 Semicircular canals 610, 617
Schilling test 403, 772, 863 tuberous 770, 788, 789f, 935, Seminal fluid, tests for 520
Schindylesis 24f 949, 1069, 1080 Seminal vesicles 12
Schiotz tonometry 565f Sclerotome, medial 5 Seminoma 952
Schirmer’s test 554f, 863 Scoline 1143 A 1204f
Schistocytes 407 Scoliosis 1167 testis 1211f
Schistosoma 277 structural 868 Semipermeable membrane 128, 131
haematobium 278f, 951 Scopolamine 321 Semi-synthetic colloids 1151
intercalatum 282 hydrobromide 518 Senile cataract, types of 559
japonicum 278f Scorpion Senile deafness 624
mansoni 278f sting 534 Senile ectropion 601f
ova of 826 venom 534 Senior-Løken syndrome 826
Schistosome eggs 278, 282 Scotch tape test 278 Sensory anomalies, tests for 599
Schistosomiasis 282, 830 Scotochromogens 252 Sensory polyneuropathy, distal 299
Schizencephaly 14 Scotophilia 521 Sentinel loop 928
Schizophrenia 1087, 1088, 1092, 1119, 1121 Scott test 534 Sentinel lymph node biopsy 954
acute 1113 Scrambled egg appearance 1180 Separation anxiety disorder 1099
disorganized 1093 Scratch sign 1069 treatment 1099
dopamine theory of 1094 Scrofuloderma 1058 Sepsis 519, 853, 1137
drug treatment of 1094 Scrotal scan 1199 neonatal 667
etiology 1094 Scrotum 91 severe 853
pathognomonic of 1092 swelling of 1201f syndrome 853
pathology 1094 Scurvy 1164, 1164f Septal anatomy 642
prognosis 1094 prevention of 443 Septal hematoma 642
simple 1093 Sea snakes 533 Septal lines 1170
treatment of 1094 Seagull sign 1186 Septic embolism 385
type 1 1093 Seasonal affective disorder 1097 Septic shock, refractory 853
types of 1093, 1094 Sebaceous cyst 867 Septicemia 255, 853
Schmorl’s nodes 1187 multiple 1205f Septum primum 10
Schober test 863 Sebaceous glands, ducts of 17 Septum secundum 10
Schoemaker’s line 728 Seborrheic dermatitis 299, 305, 1039, 1048 Serine 189
School phobia 1099 Seborrheic psoriasis 1043 threonine kinase inhibitors 366
Schroeder’s ring 978, 981 Secnidazole 371 Serological tests 454
Schuller’s view 1188 Secretomotor nerve Seromuscular sutures 927
Schultz-Charlton reaction 243 pathways of 108f Serotina 963
Schwabach test 618 supply, pathways of 108f Serotonin 324, 381, 803
Schwann cell 136, 783, 1060 Secukinumab 315 high levels of 947
Schwannoma 955, 1204f Segond fracture 1186 Serpent’ sign 1174
Scimitar sign 1185 Seitz filter 281 Serratus anterior 33, 33f, 914
Scimitar syndrome 926 Seizures 786 Sertoli cells 1
Scirrhous carcinoma 868 types of 786 Sertraline 1114
Sciwora 733 Seldinger technique 1182 paroxetine 1101
Sclera 555 Selective aromatase inhibitors 913 Serum
blue 736 Selective estrogen receptor acid phosphatase, raised 387
diseases of 555 downregulator 1005 anti-mullerian hormone test 1023
Scleral buckling 587 modulators 364, 913 Serum-ascites albumin gradient 817
Scleral calcific plaques 603 Selective progesterone receptor Sesamoid bones 23
Scleral discoloration 556 modulators 1018 Sessions court 492
I-52 Sure Success MAGIC

Severe acute malnutrition, dystocia 981, 995 Skeletal maturation


assessment of 698 maneuvers for 981 accelerated 1165
Severe combined immunodeficiency hand syndrome 745 delayed 1165
314, 361, 935 joint 31 Skeletal muscle 141, 142
Sevoflurane 1135, 1140-1142 stabilisers of 31 contraction, molecular
Sex posterior dislocation of 720f mechanism of 143fc
chromosomal monosomies 423 Shrapnell’s membrane 606 damage 388
cord stromal tumors 1030 Shrinking lung syndrome 1184 relaxants 324
determination of 496, 498 Sialic acids 203 relaxation 144fc
differentiation, disorders of 690 Sibson’s fascia 1214 Skeletal system 1163
therapy, dual 1112 Sibutramine 340 one-liners 1186
Sexual delusions 1089 Sickle cell 1208f Skeleton, race determination of 496
Sexual dysfunction 1111, 1118 anemia 404f, 405f, 1166 Skewness, measures of 438
Sexual harassment 491 disease 254, 404 Skin 1036, 1194
Sexual paraphilias 521 trait 428 affection 1082
Sexually transmissible microorganisms 1081 Siddha system of medicine 443 cancer 528, 956
Sexually transmitted disease 249 Siderophore 260 color 1037
Sezary cells 1063 Siderosis 595 diseases 299
Sezary syndrome 1063 Siegel’s murmur 751 disfiguring lesions of 1084
Shakir tape 700f Siegrist streaks 590, 863 disorder 1067
Sham rage 179 Sigmoid colon 886 primary 1051
Shawl sign 1041, 1064 Sigmoid sinus thrombosis 632 dry 1049
Shear stress 153 Sigmoid volvulus 1185 epidermis of 17
Sheehan’s syndrome 388, 979 radiological features of 1180 grafts 876
Sheklakov sign 1075 Signet ring cells 1032 full thickness 876
Shenton’s line 734 Signs of death, immediate 503 survival of 876
Shepard’s formula 970 Sildenafil 760, 1112 histology of 1037f
Sherren’s triangle 863, 892f Silicone rubber 1123 lesions 1038
Shick test 251 Silicosis 810 primary 1038
Shigella 229, 253, 773 Silverman Anderson score 667 secondary 1038
flexneri 832 Sim’s position 922 papules 1082
infection, complications of 253 Sim’s speculum 1035f peeling of 658
Shimida index 932 Simmond’s focus 807 reactions, drug-induced 1076
Shine dalgarno sequence 1227 Simmond’s test 863 snip test 278
Shiny corner sign 1163 Simple columnar epithelium 17f tests 278
Shirodkar’s operation 983 Sims-Huhner test 863, 1021 thickening 1055
Shirodkar’s sling 1012 Simvastatin 1018 tractions 712
Shish kebab technique 736 Singer’s nodes 652 tubercular infections of 1058
Shock Single incision laparoscopic surgery 875 Skip metastases 933
index 979 Single photon emission computed Skull 97, 745, 1182
modified 979 tomography 1161 anatomical position of 97
lung 867 Single port access 875 bone 97
monitoring of 871 Sinus salt-pepper appearance of 842f
septic 853 bradycardia 756 lack of normal development of 14f
stages of 870 congenital 927 major foramina of 98
syndrome, toxic 241, 243, 244 development of 639 plain X-ray of 842f
treatment of 871 thrombophlebitis, lateral 850 Sleep
types of 870 Sinusitis 1067 drug-induced 1111
Shone’s complex 863 Sipple syndrome 935 spindles 1210f
Short segment Barrett’s 880 Sirolimus 316, 821 stages of 1105
Short stature 663 Sirtuins, role of 378 walking 1105
causes of 663 Sisomicin 350 Sleep apnea 1106
disproportionate 664 Sister Mary Joseph cardinal features 1106
proportionate 663 nodes 922, 943 Sleep disorders 1104, 1105
Shot-silk appearance 537f nodule 863 management of 1115
Shoulder Sitophobia 1100 stages 3 and 4 1105
conditions 719 Sixth nerve palsy 799, 801f Sleeping pulse rate 838
dislocation 719 Sjogren’s syndrome 826, 827, 830, Sliding filament theory 144
posterior 720 833, 852, 1216 Slim disease 444
Index I-53

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis 735, 866 Solar retinopathy 867 Spina bifida 13
Slit diaphragm 166 Soldier’s plaque 755 cystica 14
Slit lamp biomicroscope 541f Soles, hyperkeratosis of 528 occulta 14, 14f
Slit skin smear 1061 Solid ankle-flexible-endoskeletal 1222 ultrasound of 973
Small bowel Solitary bone lesion 743 Spinal accessory nerve 924
barium enema 772 Solitary pulmonary nodule 1171 Spinal anesthesia, complications of 1137
obstruction 1186 benign 1171 Spinal conditions 730
study 772 malignant 1171 Spinal cord 4, 112, 178, 526, 1083
Small cell Somatic human nematodes 283 blood supply of 113
carcinoma 1175 Somatization disorder 1103 compression 1160
lung cancer 1175, 1193 Somatoform autonomic dysfunction 1103 disease 790
Small contracted kidney 824 Somatoform disorders 1103, 1104 gray matter of 140
Small intestinal Somatosensory pathways 177 injury methylprednisolone 803
carcinoids 947 Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy meninges of 113
crypt epithelial stem cells 379 885, 947, 1199 Spinal metastases 1225
Small intestine, histology of 80 Somatostatinoma 850 Spinal motor neurons 136
Small stones 1158f Somnambulism 1105 Spinal nerves 112
Smallpox 257, 268, 443 Somogyi effect 849 Spinal poisons 525
vaccine 227 Sonic hedgehog 1 Spinal shock 178
Smoky stool syndrome 528 Sorafenib, side effects of 366 Spinal surgery 1221
Smooth bore firearm, cartridge of 514f Sound, conduction of 615 Spinal trauma 731
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum 132 South American blastomycosis 274 Spine 745, 1160, 1167, 1194
Smooth muscle 142, 145, 1224 Southern blotting 222 of Henle 609
congenital 1039 three-column concept of 731
South-Western blotting 222
contraction, mechanism of 146 Spinnaker sign 1184
Spalding’s sign 1183
single-unit 146 Spiral groove 28
Spectinomycin 249, 350
types of 146 Spiral lamina 610
Spectral karyotyping 424
Smooth pursuit movements 802 Spirochetes 229, 394
Spectroscopy 522
Snake venom 422 Spironolactone 1006
Spectrum 478
Snellen chart 540 Spitz nevi 1080
beta lactamases, extended 240
Snellen letter, construction of 541f Spleen 20, 86, 1186
disease 478
Snowman 1185 functions of 86
health 478
Snowstorm 993 histology of 86
Specular microscopic photography 541f
Social phobia 1100 ligaments of 86
Speech 1096
Soda lime 1135 microscopic structure of 1201f
audiometry 619
Sodium rate 464
amobarbital 1119 disorders 652 ruptured 921
amytal 518 normal 652 Splendore-Hoeppli
bicarbonate 848 Sperm 2 deposits 391
calcium edetate 526, 530 parts of 2f phenomenon 1078
channels 136, 1145 pathways of 1 Splenectomy 406
dependent glucose transporters 206 preparation 1024 unresponsive 420
excretion 872 Spermatic cord 894 Splenic flexure 1180
hypochlorite 236 Spermatic fascia, external 894 Splenic tissue 526
independent glucose transporters 206 Spermatogenesis 1 Spliceosome 225
nitroprusside 332 stages in 2f Splints 711
pentothal 518 Spermatozoa 2 Split thickness skin grafts 876
thiopentone 1139 Spermicides 989 Spondyloarthropathies 832
urate crystals 223 Spermiogenesis, process of 2f seronegative 832
valproate 342, 343, 1115 Sphenoid bone 99 Spondylolisthesis 1168
Sodomy 521 Sphincter urethrae 89f Sponge kidney, medullary 928
Soft cataract 559 Sphincter vesicae 89f Spongiform pustules of Kogoj 1041
Soft exudate 583f Sphingolipidoses 200, 585 Spongiosis 1048
Soft palate 104 Sphingomyelins 131, 198 Spongy appearance 1186
Soft sore 1081 Sphingophospholipids 198 Spongy bone 21
Soft tissue Spider cells 1215 Spontaneous generation, theory of 227, 443
disease 241 Spiderweb cells 391 Spoon shaped nail 1067
infections 261 Spiegelberg criteria 996 Sporangiospores 1068
neck, plain X-ray of 680f Spigelian hernia 895 Spore-forming bacteria 229
I-54 Sure Success MAGIC

Spores, disinfection of 236 Steele Richardson syndrome 803 subdivisions of 78f


Sporicidal agents 236 Steeple sign 680f venous drainage of 78
Sporogony 292 Stein-Leventhal syndrome 1016 Storage diseases 759
Sporothrix schenckii 275 Steinman pin 712 Stork bites 658, 866, 923
Sporotrichosis 275 Steinman test 729 Stormy fermentation 255
Sports hernia 896 Steinman’s second test 729 Strabismus 598
Sportsman’s hernia 896 Stellate ganglion block 1139 Strachan’s syndrome 1080
Sprengel’s shoulder 735 Stellate wound 516f Straight leg raising test 731f
Spurling’s test 863 Stellwag’s sign 863 Strain injuries, chronic 719
Sputum Stem cell 379 Strangulation 887
disinfection methods 453 adult 379 causes of 887
disinfection of 236 factor 397f Stransky’s sign 863
microscopy 452 grafting 555 Stratum basale 1036
purulent 807 pluripotent 380 Stratum corneum 1036, 1039
types 804 Stemmer’s sign 922 Stratum functionale 1000
Squamous cell carcinoma 953, 957, Stene Johnson syndrome 1075 Stratum germinativum 1036
958f, 1029, 1211f Stenger’s test 618 Stratum granulosum 1036
pure 951 Stenosis, subglottic 657 Stratum lucidum 1036
Squamous cell tumor 1030 Stensen’s duct 108 Stratum spinosum 1036
Squared’ patella 1166 Stenver’s view 1188 Strauss syndrome 1098
Squat test 729 Stepladder fever, persistent 254 Strawberry
Squeeze sign 929 Stereopsis 598 cervix 1010f
Squint, paralytic 600 tests for 598 gallbladder 1189
Squirting papillae 1041 Stereotactic body radiation therapy 1193 lesion 889
Stab wound 510f Sterile pyuria 825 sangioma 923
Stable plaque psoriasis 1042 Sterilization 234 scrotum 1205f
Staghorn calculus 906f, 1188 laparoscopic 991 skull 1189
Staining techniques 233 male 991 tongue 244
Stalactite growth 263 Spaulding classification of 236 Streak retinoscope 541f
Stallworthy sign 986, 1218 Sternal angle 42 Street virus 462
Stammers hernia 896 Sternoclavicular joint 31 Strep bovis endocarditis 245
Standard nasal cannula 1129 Sternocleidomastoid muscle 924 Streptobacillus moniliformis 850
Stanford classification 768 Sternomental distance 1122 Streptococcal pneumonia 890
Stapedectomy 635 Sternum 61 Streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxins 243
Stapedial reflex 619, 620 ossification of 61 Streptococci
Staphylococcal scalded Steroid 1131 classification of 242
skin syndrome 241, 1075 inhaled 1131 group A 243
Staphylococcus oral 1131 group B 244
aureus 125, 227, 240, 275, 548, related points 356 Streptococcus 243f
773, 805, 995, 1172 resistant nephrotic syndrome 686 agalactiae 244
colony of 240f synthesis inhibitors 1006 gallolyticus 245
epidemic strain of 241 systemic 1045 mitis 245
infections, treatment of 241 Stierlin’s sign 1180 mutans 245
typing of 241 Stiff-Person syndrome 868 pneumoniae 238, 245, 405, 548, 805
epidermidis 242, 548 Still’s murmur 863 pyogenes 243
hemolyticus 242 Stimson’s maneuver 720 salivarius 245
saprophyticus 242 Stipple sign 1182 sanguis 245
Staphyloma 556 Stochastic effects 1194 Streptodornase 186
Starches 1151 Stocker’s line 548 Streptogramins 351
Starry sky appearance 519f Stomach 77, 526 Streptokinase 186, 763
Starvation 188 arterial supply of 78 Streptomyces 1080
deaths 522 bed of 78 Streptomycin 337, 350
Stasis eczema 1050 bowel test 517 Stress
Static lung volumes 158 carcinoma 890 disorder, acute 1121
Static test 517 disorders 880 relaxation 146
Status epilepticus 787 lymphatic drainage of 79 urinary incontinence 1014
Stavudine 302 mucosal folds 528 mechanism of 1014
STD color-coded kits 1085 nerve supply of 78 Stressor-related disorders 1121
Steatosis 1204f perforation of 526 Stretch receptors 174
Index I-55

Stretta catheter 878 Sulfuric acid poisoning 527 Symptothermal method 989
Striatum 181 Sullivan’s index 445 Synaptic knobs 136
String sign of Kantor 775 Sulphur test 189 Synaptic transmission 140
Stroke Sun protection factor 1079 Synarthroses 24
less common causes of 779, 780 Sunburst periostitis 1182 Synchisis 587
location of 779 Sunderland’s classification 141 Synchondroses 24, 24f
risk of 1095 Sunscreens 1079 Syndactyly 736
treatment of 779 inorganic 1079 Syndesmosis 24f
types of 778 organic 1079 Syndromic management 1085
Strongyloides stercoralis 284 Superior radioulnar joint 25f Synergism 317
Strontium 1199 subluxation 724f Synergistic spreading gangrene 874
ranelate 1008 Superoxide dismutase 221, 852 Synesthesia 1110, 1111
Stroop test 863 Supine chest X-ray, typical 1168f Synovial
Strümpell’s sign 863 Suppurative otitis media cells 26
Strychnine 140, 525, 526 acute 629 fluid 217
depresses 532 chronic 630 inflammation 829
poisoning 532 Suprabasal intraepidermal split 1073f joints 25
tests for 533 Supracondylar fracture types of 25
Stuck Foley’s catheter 906 flexion type of 721f Syntaxin 140
Student’s elbow 722 type of 721f Synthetic somatostatin receptor agonist 340
Student’s T-test 440 Supraglottic airway device 1126 Synuclein defect, alpha 1090
Sturge-Weber syndrome 789 Suprahyoid muscles 106 Syphilis
Styloid process 99 Suprameatal triangle 609 congenital 694, 1084
Subaponeurotic areolar tissue 100 Suprapapillary thinning 1041 early latent 1084
Subarachnoid cisterns 114 Suprapubic bulge 978 etiology 1082
Subclavian artery, branches of 94 Suprapubic cystostomy 927 latent 1083
Subcorneal pustular dermatosis 1038 Suprarenal glands, arterial supply of 843f primary 1082, 1084
Subcutaneous fat 1038, 1218 Suprasellar calcification 1182 quaternary 1083
necrosis 1079
Supraspinatus tendonitis 718 secondary 1082, 1084
Subdural
Supreme court 492 serologic tests for 1083
haemorrhage, chronic 1218
Suraksha clinic 487f, 1085 stage of 1084
hematoma
Surfer’s ear 628 tertiary 756, 1083
acute 781
Surgery 869 treatment 1084
chronic 781
laryngeal 651 Syphilitic aneurysms 767
Submucus fibrosis, oral 656
noncardiac 1131 Syringomyelia 790
Substance abuse disorders 1108, 1110
ocular 559 Systemic carbonic anhydrase inhibitors 570
Substantia nigra 782
Surgical anesthesia, stage of 1130 Systemic disease, severe 1131
Substrate saturation curve 184f
Succinate dehydrogenase 1215 Surgical wounds, types of 870 Systemic illness, acute 1067
Succinylcholine 1143, 1147 Surrogacy (regulation) bill, 2016 523 Systemic inflammatory
systemic effects of 1143 Suspension torture 510 response syndrome 852
Suchi-bai 1119 Sutural diastisis 1182 Systemic lupus erythematosus 827
Sucquet-Hoyer canal 923 Suture, serrate type of 24f Systemic sclerosis, diffuse 827
Sudamina 1075 Suvorexant 370
Sudden death 769 Suxamethonium 1143
Swan neck deformity 829, 829f, 1188
T
Sudeck’s atrophy 745
Sufentanil 1146 Swarming motility 253 T cell lymphomas 947
Suicidal attempt injury 521 Sweat gland T lymphocytes, atypical 1063
Suicide 521, 1097 disorders 1075 T sign 1184
attempt 521 tumors, benign 1080 Tabes dorsalis 1083
enzyme 1222 Sweating, malodorous 1075 Tachycardia 756, 1147
hesitation marks indicates 509f Sweet’s reticulin stain 395 ventricular 764
inhibition 185 Sweet’s syndrome 1065 Tachypnea, transient 666
Sulfasalazine 329 Swelling 657 Tacrolimus 316, 1045, 1049, 1079
Sulfenamide 338 Swimmer’s itch 282 azathioprine 821
Sulfhydryl enzymes 528 Swimming pool granuloma 1058 Tactile hallucination 1088, 1111
Sulfonamides 348 Swiss cheese pattern 1015 Tactile receptors 174
Sulfonylureas 1109 Swyer syndrome 1007 Tadalafil 760, 1112
Sulfur containing amino acids, Sympathetic nervous system 180 Taenia
disorders of 193 Symphysis 24, 24f coli 81
I-56 Sure Success MAGIC

multiceps 281 Temporomandibular joint 103 Thick intertwin membrane 1202f


saginata 277, 280 Ten horn sign 892 Thiersch’s graft 876
asiatica 281 Tenecteplase 763 Thiersch’s operation 889
solium 276, 280 Tennis elbow 722 Thigh muscles
Tafluprost 371 Tenofovir 300, 301, 302 anterior 53
Tailor’s ankle 718 Tenosynovitis 725 medial 53
Tailor’s muscle 53 Tense blisters 1071 posterior 53
Takayama’s hemochromogen Tensilon test 784 Thimble bladder 809
crystal test 522 Tension Third nerve palsy 799, 801f
Takayasu’s arteritis 831 band wiring 730 Third trimester bleeding 985
Takayasu’s disease 867 glaucoma, normal 568 Thomas dictum 975
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy 765 headache 778 Thomas splint 711f
Talipes equinovarus, congenital 734 pneumothorax 813 Thomas test 863
Talocalcaneal angle 734 chest X-ray of 1172f Thompson’s prosthesis 727f
Talocalcaneal parallelism 734 premenstrual 1103 Thoracic
Tamoxifen 913 Tenting sign 929 aorta, branches of 94
Tandem mass spectrometry 192 Teratogenic drugs 705 artery, internal 63f
Tandem repeat sequences 437 Teratoma 953, 1031, 1032 cavity 156
Tangier’s disease 203 Teratospermia 1021 duct 64, 64f
Tannic acid 525 Terbinafine 353 inlet 62
Tanycytes 6 Terbutaline 322 myelomeningocele 14f
Tapeworms 280 Terfenadine 325 surgery 1124
classification of 280 Teriparatide 1008 tumors 944
Target cells 406f Terminalia arjuna 1223 vertebra 112
Target hemolysis 255 Termination of pregnancy, methods of 992 typical 112f
Target sign 641 Terry’s nails 863, 1067 wall
Tarsal bones 49 Terry-Thomas sign 863, 1187 anterior 63f
Taste 103 Testicular tumor, specimen of 1207f veins of 63f
Tastzellen cells 1037 Testis 91, 952, 953, 1195 Thoracocentesis 66
Tattooing 502 descent of 12 Thorax 60
Taurine 215 interstitial cells of 1000 blood vessels of 93
Tay-Sach’s disease 585 seminoma of 1209f bones of 60
Tazarotene 1045, 1051, 1053 torsion of 925 main veins of 95
T-cell 307 Tetanospasmin 256 nerves of 62
Tea-pot stomach 884 Tetanus, prevention of 465 Thorn apple poisoning 532
Tear drop sign 1187 Tetrabenazine 782 Three-swab test 906
Teardrop bladder, causes of 1181 Tetracyclic antidepressants 1114 Throat abscesses 649
Technetium-99m 1198 Tetracycline 260, 348, 351, 401 Throckmorton’s reflex 863
scans 1199 oral 1053 Thromboangiitis obliterans 832, 866, 919
Tectorial membrane 614 uses of 352 Thrombocytopenia 367, 420
Teeth 498 Tetrahydrocannabinol 1110 drug-induced 419
Teichmann’s hemin crystal test 522 Tetraiodothyronine 837 Thrombocytosis 401
Teicoplanin 349 Thacher’s scoring 1164 essential 409
Teixobactin 371 Thalamus 118 Thromboembolism 385
Telangiectasias 803 Thalassemia, alpha 405 Thrombolytics 347
Telavancin 241, 349 Thalidomide 316, 366, 706 Thrombophlebitis
Telenzepine 338 Thallium 525 migrans 1067
Telephone scatologia 521 Thanatophobia 1100 superficial 915
Telithromycin 351 Thayer Martin medium 248 Thrombopoietin 397f
Telltale triangle sign 1179 Thenar muscles 38 receptor agonists 420
Telodendria 136 Theophylline 336 Thrombosis 385
Telogen 1051 Thermal injury 518 Thrombotic thrombocytopenic
effluvium 1052 Thessaly test 729 purpura 420, 824
Telotristat 370 Thiabendazole 355 Thrombus formation 771
Temazepam 1111 Thiacetazone 337 Thudicum’s nasal speculum 1035f
Temperature method 989 Thiamine 213, 217, 1109 Thumb
Temporal bone 1188 deficiency 1218 print 258, 1180
Temporal headache, deep 632 Thiazide 344 sign 929
Temporal horns, anterior 1112 diuretics 706 sign 680f, 1184
Index I-57

Thymectomy 784 Tirofiban 346 Toxin


Thymic aplasia, congenital 313 Tissue demonstration of 251
Thymoglobulin 316 culture 267 mediated diseases 241
Thyroid embolism 385 Toxocariasis 577
cancer 907, 933 factor 420 Toxoplasma gondii 276, 291
disease 833 paper scar 1083 Toxoplasmosis 299, 577
enlargement 907 Tizanidine 324 congenital 291, 693
eye disease 839 TNF-alpha inhibitors 329 Toy soldier sign 1041
follicles 908f TNM classification 949 Trabectedin 370
gland Tobacco mosaic virus 227 Trabeculotomy 566
development 15 Tobey-Ayer test 632 Trachea 65
histology of 837f Tobramycin 350 Tracheal tumor 944
hormones Tocolytic agents 982 Trachelectomy, radical 1030
regulation of secretion of 838f Tocolytic drugs 982 Tracheoesophageal fistula 682
synthesis of 837f Todd’s paresis 864 Tracheomalacia 652
inhibitors, classification of 357 Tofacitinib 329 Tracheostomy 655
medications 1131 Tofisopam 1115 suction 1215
nodules, malignant 907 Togaviruses 271 Trachoma 545, 604
operations 907 Tolcapone 341, 343 corneal metabolism 547
papillary carcinoma of 909f Tolfenamic acid 778 etiology 545
scan 1199 Tolterodine 321 scar 545f
secretion, regulation of 838 Tom Smith arthritis 738 treatment and prevention 545
storm 840 Tombstone iliac bones 1166f Trachyonychia 1046
Thyroiditis, painless 840 Tongue development 15 Tranexamic acid 763
Thyromental distance 1122 Tonic pupil 792 Trans fatty acids 199
Thyrotoxic crisis 840 Tonicity 129 Transabdominal sacral colpopexy 1013
Thyrotoxicosis 525, 759, 838 Tonsillectomy 648, 1042 Transairway pressure 157
Tiagabine 342 types of 648 Transcellular fluid 127
Tianeptin 1114 Tonsillitis 647 Transcervical method 991
Tibia 47 acute 244, 647 Transdermal patch 992
blood supply of 49 Tooth Transduction 238, 437, 616
intercondylar area of 48f enamel 6 Transesophageal echo 1157
lower end of 49 numbering systems 499 Transfusion
shaft of 48, 730 Toothpaste sign 1187 chronic 405
upper end of 47 Tophus formation 737 reactions 1151
vara 867 Topiramate 342, 1109, 1215 Transillumination test 640
Tibial artery Topoisomerase inhibitors 363 Transitional cell
anterior 59 Torches infections 693 cancer 950
posterior 59 Torre syndrome 1080 carcinoma 951, 1182
Tibial nerve 58 Torsades de pointes 757, 758f Transitional epithelium,
Tibialis anterior 27 Torsion, testicular 925 microscopic structure of 17f
Tibolone 1007 Torticollis, congenital 735 Transmembrane pedicle glycoprotein 295f
Ticlopidine 346 Torture methods 510 Transmigration 380
Tinea 1068 Torulosis 274 Transmission 264, 296
barbae 1069 Torus aorticus 1224 Transmural pressure 157
capitis 1051, 1068, 1069 Torus tubaris 1213 Transplant rejection, classification of 312
corporis 1069 Tositumomab 315 Transport across cell membranes 127
cruris 1069 Total body iodine content 837 Transpulmonary pressure 157
faceie 1069 Total proteins, quantation of 196 Transvaginal ultrasonography 1022
incognito 1069 Tourette’s disorder 1102 Transverse lie 981
manuum 1069 cardinal features 1102 Transversus abdominis 73
nigra 1069 treatment 1102 Trapezius 33
pedis 1068 Towne’s view 1188 Trastuzumab 315, 364, 913
unguium 1068 Toxalbumin 531 Traube’s sign 756, 864
versicolor 1069 Toxemia 251 Trauma 920
Tinel’s sign 864 Toxic Trautmann’s triangle 612
Tinsdale medium 250 epidermal necrolysis 241, 1075 Trazodone 1114
Tipranavir 303 optic neuropathy 798 Treacher-Collins syndrome 623
Tiprolisant 325 Toxicology 525 Tree bark 1083
I-58 Sure Success MAGIC

Tree-in-bud 1173f Trochlear nerve palsy 799 Tumor


Treitz hernia 896 Troisier’s sign 864 cells 413, 1211f
Trematodes 277 Trolley/tram track sign 1163 large 1204f
Tremors 181 Tropheryma Whipplei disease 772 nests of 959f
Trench fever 850 Trophoblast 3 evolution 931
Trendelenburg’s gait 746 proliferation 993 invasion 938
Trendelenburg’s position 922 Trophoblastic tumor, placental site 1034 large intestine 947
Trendelenburg’s sign 50, 864 Trophozoites 288 larynx 653
Treponema 233 Tropical sprue 772 lysis syndrome 962
pallidum 227, 1081, 1082 Tropicamide 321 malignant
Treponemal tests 1083, 1084 Tropomyosin 142 bone forming 741
Trepopnea 804 Troponin 142, 217, 762 cartilage forming 742
Trethowan’s sign 735 markers 937
Trosseau’s syndrome 1067
Tretinoin 365, 1053 mediastinal 944
Trotter’s triad 866
Triage color codes 478 meningeal 954
Trouser leg appearance 1183
Triamcinolone 1079 necrosis factor 309
Trousseau’s phenomenon 385
Triaxial reference system 752f neuroendocrine 1163
Trousseau’s sign 864
Triazines 362 neuroepithelial 954
Tribadism 521 True test 1048 neuronal 954
Tricarboxylic acid 211 Trummerfeld zone 1164 nonfunctional 850
cycle 212f Trumpet sign 1187 ocular 604, 958
Trichiasis 601 Truncal ataxia 791 orbital 604
Trichinella 284 Truncal vagotomy 883, 883f pineal 954
spiralis 277 Trunk, branches of 39 pituitary 954, 1208f
Trichloroethylene 1135 Trypanosoma progression 931
Trichomonas vaginalis 276, 289, 1009, 1010f brucei 276 radiosensitivity of 1195
Trichomoniasis 1010f, 1084 cruzi 276, 289 suppressor gene 934
Trichomycosis axillaris 251 Trypanosomes 229 thecoma-fibroma group 1030
Trichophyton 1068 Tryptophan 188-190 Tuning fork tests 617
rubrum 1068 Tubal patency 1022 Tuohy needle 1138f
schoenleinii 1069 Tubal ring sign 1184 Turban tumor 867
Trichotillomania 1052, 1107 Tube Turnbull’s blue 393
Trichuris 284 coagulase 241 Turner’s syndrome 434f, 435, 1006, 1032
trichiura 276 design 1123 Turner-Warwick’s incision 872
egg of 278f material of 1123 Twin 984
Tricuspid atresia 754 Tubectomy, laparoscopic 991 dichorionic diamniotic 984f
Tricyclic antidepressants, Tubercular epididymitis 1080 monochorionic 984, 985, 985f
adverse effects of 1114 Tubercular otitis media 634 monochorionic-monoamniotic 1219
Trietz, ligaments of 80 Tuberculids 1058 monozygotic 437
Trifluridine 354 Tuberculin 452 peak sign 1184, 1202f
Trifoliate duodenum 884, 884f, 1186 skin test 812 pregnancy 1202f
Triglycerides 131 twin transfusion syndrome 985
Tuberculoma 809, 1182
Trihexophenidyl 343 Tympanic cavity 608
Tuberculosis 453, 807, 808f
Trilaminar embryonic disc 6 anatomic divisions of 607
control 452
Trilaminar germ disc, stage of 4 contents of 608
drugs for 336
Trimesters 969 Tympanic membrane 606, 607, 607f, 608f
infection, prevalence of 451
Trimethylamine, excretion of 1076 blood supply of 606
Trimipramine 1114 intestine 886 diseases of 628
Trinucleotide repeat diseases 428 larynx 652 hydraulic effect of 615f
Tripe palms 1067 latent 453 nerve supply of 606
Triphenyltetrazolium chloride 764 Research Institute 486 parts of 606
Triple and quadruple test 428 verrucosa cutis 1058 retracted 628
Triple helix structure 19 Tuberous sclerosis, triad of 788 three layers of 607f
Triple sugar iron 253 Tubocurarine 1143 traumatic rupture of 628
Triradiate pelvis 1164 Tubular functions 168 Tympanic plexus 609
Triskaidekaphobia 1100 Tubular necrosis, proximal 530 Tympanic reflex 619
Trisomy 13 433 Tubule function, proximal 168 Tympanicum tumors 637
Trisomy 18 433 Tularemia 257 Tympanogram, types of 619
Trivandrum 1215 Tumbling bullet sign 1187 Tympanomastoid fissure 99
Index I-59

Tympanometry 619 Uranium 1193 Urticaria 1049, 1063


Tympanoplasty 633 Urea 128 pigmentosa 1039
Tympanum, six boundaries of 608f cycle disorders 191, 191f, 192 Usher’s syndrome 589, 623
Typhoid 886 Urease 186 Ustekinumab 315
fever 254 positive organisms 228 Uterine anomalies 1008
Typical cervical vertebrae 111 Uremia 820 Uterine
Typical Kerley B lines, chest X-ray of 1171f Uremic encephalopathy 820 artery 999
Tyrosine 189, 190 Ureter 87, 1181, 1200f Doppler 974
hydroxylase 189, 322 abdominal part of 88 bleeding, dysfunctional 1015
kinase inhibitors 364 blood supply of 88 contractions 981
metabolism, disorders of 192 constrictions of 88 fibroids 1005
Tyrosinemia 935 course of 88 incision 993
Tyson’s gland 18, 1076 duplex 903, 1181 leiomyoma 1018
Tzanck test 269 relations of pelvic part of 88 prolapse
Ureteric stones 905 classification of 1012
Ureterocele 903 treatment of 1012
U
Ureterovaginal fistula 1013 tube 999
Uchida method 991 Ureterovesical fistula 1014 Uterosacral ligaments, stretching of 1012
Uhthoff’s phenomenon 864 Uterotonic drug 979
Urethra
Uhthoff’s symptom 783 Uterovesical pouch 998
development of 11
Ulcer 1038 Uterus 969, 998
male 89
protectives 338 body of 998
membranous 11, 89
Ulceration conditions 1006
prostatic 11, 89
neuropathic 1055 displacements of 1012
Urethral discharge 1085
recurrent 883 involution of 986
purulent 249
Ulcerative colitis 774, 1054 position 998
Urethral injury 927
Ulcerative keratitis, peripheral 552 septate 1009f
Urethral meatus 927
Ulcerative tuberculosis 886 Utricle 617
Urethral opening 997
Ulna 30 Uveal effusion syndrome 578
Urethral pus 248f
Ulnar Uveitis 574
Urethral sphincters 90
artery 42 acute anterior 833
Urethral syndrome 1084
collateral ligaments 32 anterior 300, 575
fovea sign 747 Urethral valves, posterior 687, 1182
classification of 575
nerve 717, 1214 Urethritis 1084
posterior 575
injury 715 chronic 249
Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty 1106
palsy, signs of 716 Urethrovaginal fistula 1013
paralysis 1041 Urge urinary incontinence 1014
paradox 715 Uric acid stones 905 V
Ulnocarpal stress test 747 Urinary bladder 88, 1200f Vaccines 248, 258, 458, 463
Ultrashort acting insulins 358 embryology 11 associated reactions 461
Ultrasonography 1156 nerve supply of 89f vial monitors 461
duplex 1163 Urinary casts 820 Vaccinia 268
Ultrasound, types of 1157 Urinary fistulae 906 Vacutainer tubes 396
Ultraviolet radiation 936, 1068 Urinary frequency 825 Vacuum aspiration 994
Umbilical cord 965 Urinary incontinence 1012, 1014 Vacuum cleft sign 1167
blood 379 types of 1014 Vacuum extractor 996f
diseases 665 Urinary output, minimum 872 Vacuum tube method 395
Unani system of medicine 443 Urinary retention 1137 Vagabond’s disease 1077
Undernutrition, WHO classification of 698 Urinary stones 745 Vagina 17, 969
Uniocular diplopia 599 Urinary system 11, 1181 development of 997
causes of 599 Urinary tract instrumentation 1085 Vaginal agenesis, treatment of 1008
Universal antidote 525, 534 Urine Vaginal atrophy 1015
Unnatural sex 521 acidification of 1110 Vaginal bleeding 658, 1015
Unterberger test 864 discoloration 525 painful 985
Upper body rash 221 Urogenital Vaginal contraceptive 989
Upper limb 27 sinus 11 sponge 989
bones and joints of 27 system 5 Vaginal delivery, operative 995
fractures 708, 723 Urokinase 186, 763 Vaginal discharge 658, 1029, 1085
regions of 42 Uroporphyrinogen 214 serosanguinous 1033
I-60 Sure Success MAGIC

Vaginal epithelium 997 Vasovagal reflex 606 Vertebral


Vaginal hysterectomy 1013 Vastus medialis 736 crush fractures 743
Vaginal opening 997 Vault prolapse 1013 fractures 708
Vaginal prolapse Vector transmission, first evidence of 276 levels 113
classification of 1012 Vecuronium 1144 osteochondrosis 1167
treatment of 1012 Vedolizumab 370 scalloping 1188
Vaginal repair 1012 Vegetable poisons 531 Vertebrobasilar arteries,
Vaginal submucosal lesion 1033 Vein intracranial branches of 124f
Vaginal tubectomy 991 pampiniform plexus of 894 Vertical eye movements 802
Vaginal vault 1026 portal 10, 96, 1185 Vertical gaze palsy 802
Vaginismus, non-organic 1112 thrombosis, deep 764, 917 Vertigo 325
Vagotomy 882 umbilical 974 Vesico-ureteric reflux 687
selective 883 Velaglucerase 369 Vesicovaginal fistula 906, 1013
types of 883f Velamentous placenta 964 Vesicular transport 130
Vagus nerve stimulator 1221 Velocardiofacial syndrome 1095, 1221 Vessel 62
Valacyclovir 354 Velocity 153 fusion 874
Valbenazine 370 Velpeaus hernia 896 pulmonary 1172
Valganciclovir 354 Vemurafenib 366, 958 Vestibular apparatus, peripheral 617
Vallecular sign 1184 Vena cava Vestibular evoked myogenic potential 621
Valley fever 274 inferior 71, 96 Vestibular function 621, 622
Valproic acid 342, 1097, 1215 superior 71, 96 assessment of 621
Valsalva aneurysm, ruptured sinus of 751 Venereal disease research Vestibular hydrops 636
Valve stenosis, pulmonary 675 laboratory test 1083 Vestibular nerve 616
Valvular heart Venereology 1081 Vestibular schwannoma 636, 954
Venetoclax 370
disease 987 Vestibular system
Venlafaxine 1114
lesions 755 disorders of 623
Venomous snakes 533
van Gogh syndrome 1094 peripheral receptors 616
Venous
van Nuys index 912, 1224 physiology of 616
disorders 915
Van Urk reagent test 534 Vestibule 611, 997
drainage 63, 611, 843
Van’t Hoff’s law 129 Viagra 1112, 1131
thrombosis 1156
Vancomycin 241, 348 Vibrio cholerae 259, 773
Ventilation
Vapor pressure 1141 Vibrio parahaemolyticus 773
assist control 1148
Vardenafil 1112 Vibroacoustic stimulation test 972
controlled mechanical 1148
Varenceline 1116 Vicar’s knee 718
intermittent mandatory 1148
Varenicline 1109 noninvasive 1148 Vidarabine 354
Variceal bleeding 817 pressure support 1148 Videofluoroscopy 1180
Varicella 692 types of 478 Vidian nerve 125
neonatal 692 Ventilator power outlets 1133 Vietnamese time bomb disease 262
pneumonia 1171 Ventral pontine lesions, acute 803 Vigabatrin 342, 343
zoster Ventricular fibrillation 764f Village Health and Nutrition Day 471
immunoglobulin 693 Ventricular myocardium, recovery of 757 Villaret syndrome 637
virus 268 Ventricular system, Villi, primary 5
Varicella-zoster virus, reactivation of 1056 congenital stenosis of 795 Villous edema 993
Varicose veins 916 Ventricular tachycardia, polymorphic 758f Vimentin 134
Variegate porphyria 216 Ventricular wall rupture 764 Vinbalstine 417
Variola 268 Ventriculo-peritoneal shunt 1219 Vinca alkaloids 363
Vas deferens 91 Venturi mask 1129 Vincristine 1034
Vascular diseases 767 Veress needle 875 Vinyl chloride 936
Vascular disorders, pulmonary 759 Vermiform appendix 81 Violent cough 258
Vascular invasion 949 Vernal keratoconjunctivitis 544, 544f Violet border 1054
Vascular lesion, benign 924 Vernet syndrome 637 Viper 533
Vascular malformations 923 Verocay bodies 391 Viperidae 533
Vascular phenomena 767 Verruca plana 268 Vipoma 850
Vascular physiology 152 Verruca vulgaris 268, 1056 Viral
Vasculitis 831 Verrucous carcinoma 1057 DNA polymerase inhibitors 354
Vasectomy 991 Verrucous epidermal nevus 1080 growth, detection of 267
Vasodilation 380 Vertebra 1167 inclusion bodies 267
Vasomotor reversal of dale 323 lumbar 112 infection 1152
Vasopressin 834 plana 1167, 1167f meningitis, causes of 867
Index I-61

neuraminidase inhibitors 354 Vitiligo 1041, 1043, 1065, 1069 Warthin’s tumor 958
skin diseases 1056 acquired 1066 Warthin-Finkeldy cells 692
structure 295 Vocal cord Warts
warts 1056 positions of 651, 651f common 1057
Virchow’s node 864, 922 surgery 922 histopathology of 1057f
Virchow’s triad 385, 385f, 864 Vocal nodules 652 mosaic 1056
Viridans group streptococci 245 Vogt Futcher’s lines 1075 myrmecia 1056
Viridans streptococcal bacteremia 245 Vogt’s striae 551f Washerwoman’s hand 508f
Virology 265 Vogt’s triad 866 Waste, incineration of 481
general 266 Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome 578, 1066 Wasting syndrome 298
Virulence factor 240, 243, 246, 247, Voice disorders 652 Water
250, 258, 260, 262 Volcano sign 1077 boiling of 457
Virulence marker antigen, detection of 253 Volkmann’s ischemic contracture 723 chlorination of 253
Virus Voltage-dependent sodium channels, pollution 458
cultivation of 267 inhibition of 341 soluble vitamins 217
fixed 462 Volumetric modulated arc therapy 1195 Waterborne disease 282
shapes of 266 Volvulus 685, 888, 891 Waterhouse-Friderichsen
size of 266 von Braun-Fernwald’s sign 864 syndrome 248, 388
Visceral leishmaniasis 1077 von Domarus law 1092 Water-lily sign 281, 1174
Vision von Graefe sign 864 Water-washed disease 1076
low 472 von Hippel-Lindau disease 749, 789f Watery diarrhea, painless 260
sudden diminution of 794 von Rosen view 734 Watson’s water hammer pulse 864
temporal island of 1214 von Willebrand disease 420 Wax drippings 518
Vismodegib 366, 370 von Zumbusch psoriasis 1043 Weaver’s bottom 718
Visual Vorapaxar 346 Weber’s syndrome 801
acuity 795 Voretigene neparvovec 370 Webster’s incision 872
testing 599 Vortex keratopathy 552 Wegener’s granulomatosis 646, 832
cortex disease 801 Vulva 997 Weibel’s classification 64
cycle 794 blood supply of 997 Weigert focus 807
field 588 nerve supply of 997 Weight gain 967
defect 567, 793f, 835 Vulvar lesions 1046 Weight loss 701, 815, 986
hallucinations 1087 Vulvovaginal infections 1009 Weight-Mayer rule 903
illusions 1111 Vulvovaginitis 249, 274 Well leg traction 712
pathway, neurons of 791 Well’s clinical prediction rule 867
symptoms 1023 Wellen’s sign or warning 864
Vital signs 1154
W Wells criteria, modified 813
Vitamin 217 Waardenburg’s syndrome 623 Wermer’s syndrome 935
A 220, 1051 Wada’s test 864, 865 Werner classification 840
deficiency 552 Waddell’s signs 864 Wernicke’s encephalopathy 1108
prophylaxis 692 Waddell’s triad 864 Wernicke’s hemianopic pupil 792
B complex 1109 Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia 418 Wernicke’s, treatment of 1109
B1 217 Waldeyer’s fascia 1224 Wertheim’s hysterectomy 1013
B12 219 Waldeyer’s ring 647 Wertheim’s radical hysterectomy 1034
deficiency 282, 402 402 Wall abnormalities, inferior 768 West Nile virus 267
B2 218 Wall myocardial infarction, inferior 762f Westermark sign 813, 864
B3 218 Wallace’s lines 1075 Western blotting 222
B5 218 Wallace’s rule 519 Wetzel’s test 534
B6 218 Wallbridge classification 891 Wharton’s duct 108
B7 219 Wallenberg syndrome 1213 Wharton’s jelly 965
C 220 Walthard cell nests 1032 Whiff test 1221
deficiency 852 Wanstaker’s classification 1019 Whiplash injury 511
D 220, 706 Warburg effect 931 Whipple’s disease 772, 1066
activation of 841f Warburg hypothesis 208 Whipple’s operation 902
D3 analogues 1045 Ward Mayo’s operation 1013 Whipple’s triad 850, 866
E 220 Warfarin 345, 527, 706, 1131 Whirl’ sign 1174
H 219 therapy 421 White adipose tissue 20
K 220, 706 Warmth receptors 174 White dermographism 1049
dependant clotting factors 421 Wartenberg’s sign 1041 White grain mycetoma 275
excess 669 Warthin’s starry silver stain 394 White heroin 1111
I-62 Sure Success MAGIC

White phosphorus 528 normal 869 Yersinia infection 1065


White pulp 86 infections, severity of 927 Yersinia pestis 229, 257, 263
White pupillary reflex 960 shotgun 514f Yersiniosis 263
Whitfield paint, modified 1079 strength 384 Yoke block 1133
Whitmore’s bacillus 262 treatment, local 462 Yolk sac 267, 967
Whitmore-Jewett system 951 Wredin’s sign 921 tumor 953, 1031, 1032
Whole cell vaccine 258 Wredin’s test 517 Young linseed plant 527
Whooping cough 258 Wrisberg nerve 125 Young red cells-reticulocytes 400
Wickham’s striae 864, 1046 Wrist Young’s prostatectomy 867
Widal test 254 drop deformity 1201f
Widmark’s formula 1109 joint 32
Z
Wigand Martin technique 981 Wry neck 867
Wilcoxon rank sum test 440 Wuchereria bancrofti 277 Zachary cope 892
Wilcoxon signed rank test 440 Würgstimme 1112 Zalcitabine 302
Wildermuth’s ear 628 Zaleplon 1115
Wilkie’s syndrome 884 Zanamvir 354
William’s syndrome 434
X Zatuchni Andros score 980
William’s-Beuren syndrome 20 X chromosome inactivation 522 Zavanelli maneuver 981
Wilms tumor syndrome 695 Xanthoma 1055 Zellballen 388
Wilson’s disease 547f, 816, 818, Xanthoproteic Zellweger syndrome 133
819, 859, 867, 1067, 1219 reaction 528 Zenker’s degeneration 518
clinical features of 819 test 189 Zenker’s diverticulum 647f, 879
Wilson’s risk score 1123 Xenon anesthesia 1135 Zero-order kinetics 317
Wimberger’s line 1164 advantages 1135 Zidovudine 302
Wimberger’s ring 1164 disadvantages 1135 Ziehl-Neelsen stained smear 251f
Wimberger’s sign 1187 Xenophobia 1100 Zieve’s syndrome 407
Windkessel vessels 154 Xeroderma 833 Zika virus 466
Windswept deformity 829, 1187 pigmentosum 426, 935, 1062 Zimmerman hypothesis 959
Wine maker’s lung 810 Xerophthalmia 604, 833 Zinc 182, 525
Winking owl sign 1182 WHO grading of 552 acetate, oral 818
Winquist and Hansen classification 728 Xerostomia 833 phosphide 525
Winterbottom’s sign 864 causes of 833 protoporphyrin 530
Wire loop lesions 827, 827f Xiphoid process 73 supplementation 817
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome 314, 361, 935 X-ray 1155 Zoledronic acid 745
Wobble base pairs 223 abdomen supine 1180 Zollinger-Ellison syndrome 884
Wolf’s isotopic response 1078 chest 676f Zolpidem 1105, 1115
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome 758, 758f darkrooms 1156f Zona
Wolman disease 1180 dental 1161 occludens toxin 260
Wood’s lamp 747, 1069, 1069f humerus bone 842f pellucida 3
Wood’s light examination 1056 paranasal sinus 1188f Zonisamide 342
Wood’s screw maneuver 981 wrist 1164f Zonula occludens 134
Woodruff’s plexus 642 Zoo-anthroponosis 447
Wool Sorter’s disease 257 Zoonotic bacteria 229
Word recognition 619
Y Zoophilia 521
World Health Day 1218 Yaws 1084 Zopiclone 1111
Worm infestations 455 Yellow elastic fiber atrophy 1037 Zuska’s disease 910
Wormian bones 1166 Yellow fever 270, 921 Zygoma fracture, left 643f
Woronoff’s ring 1043, 1044f vaccine 461 Zygomatic abscess 632
Wound transmission of 443 Zygosity 984
botulism 256 Yellow nail syndrome 1067 Zygote 3
closure and healing, classification of 869 Yeoman’s test 864 intrafallopian transfer 1024
healing 384, 869 Yersinia enterocolitica 405, 775 Zymogen 80, 173, 196