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4.2.

3 EKG Conclusion Questions


Team Gray: Abbie Ottosen, Anna Behrman, Alex Churchill, Alison Stefansic

1. Anna’s autopsy revealed that she had an internal pacemaker. What does the pacemaker
replace in the heart? Explain.

A pacemaker replaces the SA node that sends electrical signals that make the heart beat. Without
this, the heart would not pump blood to the body and/or lungs, and the body would die due to a
lack of oxygen.

2. Given Anna’s medical history, describe the most likely reason she needed a pacemaker.

Anna had a high heart rate, so her heart was beating too fast for her heart to receive adequate
electrical signals. Because she did not receive enough electrical signals from the SA node, she
needed a pacemaker to fix this problem, and send signals to the AV note.

3. What do you think would happen in the heart if the AV node could no longer do its job?
Explain how this would affect the contraction of the heart and the movement of blood.

If the AV node doesn’t work, then the ventricles will not have the electrical charge needed to
contract. It takes the signal from the SA node, and uses them in the heart. The blood would not
move through the body, and the body would die from a lack of oxygen.

4. In the space below, explain what an EKG can tell a physician about the heart of a specific
patient.
An EKG can show a physician the electrical patterns of the heart, which could be irregular or
seriously wrong. It also shows the beats of the heart, so the doctor can see any irregularities in
that may occur.
Abbie’s EKG.

Alex’s EKG.
Anna’s EKG.

Alison EKG.
4.2.2 Blood Pressure Experiment Design
Anna Behrman, Abbie Ottosen, Allison Stefansic, Alex Churchill

Conclusion Paragraph:
Our hypothesis was correct. After running the blood pressure of each person increased. Before
running the mean blood pressure (mm Hg) of each person was 135 mm Hg, 90 mm Hg, and
111 mm Hg. After running, the mean blood pressure of each person was 144 mm Hg, 92 mm
Hg, 100 mm Hg. The running raised the blood pressure of the participants because the heart
needed to pump more oxygenated blood throughout the body to maintain functionality.

Blood Pressure Before Running


Blood Pressure After Running
4.2.1 Heart Rate Experimental Design Results
Gray team
Abbie Ottosen, Allison Stefansic, Alex Churchill, Anna Behrman

Conclusion:
We found that our hypothesis, if the body endures physical activity, then the heart rate
will increase, was correct. Person 1’s heart rate increased by 37.1 BPM, person 2’s
increased by 59.9 BPM, and person 3’s increased by 39 BPM. Of course there could
have been errors in the experiment, whether it be in the equipment or our use of the
equipment. It took several attempts to get accurate resting heart rate measures due to
the interference of wifi. Overall, we found that physical activity will raise the heart rate
significantly, whether it be one minute or not.

Run Heart rate average graph first, then Resting heart rate average. Grouped per page.

Person 1’s data. On top is their running heart rate, average of 101.1 BPM, and their resting
heart rate, average of 64 BPM.
This is person 2’s data. On top is their running heart rate, average of 119.9 BPM, and on bottom
is their resting heart rate, which is 60 BPM.
This is person 3’s data. Running heart rate on top, average of 130 BPM, and resting on bottom,
average of 91 BPM.