Sie sind auf Seite 1von 44

ROAD

SAFETY
Cover
Image courtesy of Roads and Maritime Services

Facing page
Image courtesy of South Australia Department of
Planning, Transport and Infrastructure

DISCLAIMER

Austrade does not endorse or guarantee the


performance or suitability of any introduced party
or accept liability for the accuracy or usefulness of
any information contained in this Report. Please use
commercial discretion to assess the suitability of any
business introduction or goods and services offered
when assessing your business needs. Austrade does
not accept liability for any loss associated with the use
of any information and any reliance is entirely at the
user’s discretion.

©Commonwealth of Australia 2015

This work is copyright. Apart from any use as


permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may
be reproduced by any process without prior written
permission from the Commonwealth, available through
the Australian Trade Commission. Requests and
inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should
be addressed to the Marketing Manager, Austrade,
GPO Box 5301, Sydney NSW 2001 or by email to
Marketing-Comms-Helpline@austrade.gov.au

Publication date: January 2015

2 ROAD SAFETY
WORLD-CLASS
ROAD SAFETY
SOLUTIONS

ROAD SAFETY 3
INTRODUCTION Australia is globally recognised as a leader in road safety
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW based on its world-class policy, research, innovation and
training. It has a long history of providing expertise to
INDUSTRY STRENGTHS international jurisdictions striving to reduce rates of road
COMPANIES AND crashes, injuries and death.
CAPABILITIES The country’s well-travelled roads stretch Australian specialists deliver road safety

FURTHER 907,000 kilometres1 across sandy desert,


snowy mountains, remote outback and
solutions, ranging from policy, planning,
engineering and design, to services and
INFORMATION congested cities. This road network is the technologies that make roads safer. They
leading mode of transport for passenger also provide world-class school education,
travel, representing some 280 billon graduated driver licensing systems and critical
passenger kilometres2 annually, and freight incident training to first responders to road
transport, with 207 billion tonne kilometres3 crashes and trauma victims.
a year.
This industry capability statement provides
Difficult terrain and highly variable an overview of Australian capability in road
environmental conditions have fostered safety, including examples of some of the
innovation in designing, monitoring and many Australian organisations with
managing this expansive network, resulting specialist expertise.
in sharp declines in the nation’s road
Talk to your local Austrade representative for
crashes, injuries and deaths. These declines
more tailored advice and information about
greatly reduce related social and economic
connecting and partnering with the Australian
costs to Australia. In addition, a large part of
road safety sector.
Australia’s economic success in agriculture,
resources, manufacturing and commerce austrade.gov.au
is the direct result of its safe, efficient and
well-designed roads.

4 ROAD SAFETY
The M1 Pacific Motorway in New South Wales state connects Sydney and regional hub Newcastle.
Image courtesy of Roads and Maritime Services

ROAD SAFETY
5
INTRODUCTION Australia’s road safety sector has
developed world-class solutions to
the decades, Australia and its states
and territories have introduced
of gross domestic product (GDP)
and an estimated US$1.86 trillion a
the nation’s formidable challenges. compulsory child restraints, improved year globally7. In addition, road traffic
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW These challenges range from large, lighting on urban streets, compulsory injuries remain among the three
crowded cities where cars, cyclists helmets for cyclists, lower speed leading causes of death for people
INDUSTRY STRENGTHS and pedestrians jostle for space to
the country’s vast outback where
limits and skid-resistant pavements on
the nation’s roads4.
between 5 and 44 years of age8.
Companies, research centres and
COMPANIES AND trucks haul food, minerals and
other freight across extremely long
Such innovations have fostered other organisations in Australia

CAPABILITIES distances.
Australia’s strong domestic road
safety track record. Over the past
have experience in projects which
contribute to reductions in road
The country’s road safety 30 years, the nation has reduced deaths and injuries, and have
FURTHER organisations have met these the number of road fatalities by 73 delivered these projects globally
INFORMATION challenges, resulting in one of the
safest, most efficient road networks
per cent. Over that same period,
the population and the number
including in India, China, Indonesia,
Thailand, Brazil, Costa Rica, Chile,
in the world. In the process, these of registered motor vehicles have South Africa, Egypt and Vietnam.
organisations and research centres doubled5.
Australian government agencies and
have achieved a depth of experience
A signatory to the United Nations commercial organisations have a
which is available for export to
Decade of Action for Road Safety depth of road safety expertise not yet
international governments seeking to
2011-2020 strategy, Australia has available in many other countries. This
improve road safety outcomes.
world-class capabilities across all expertise can be tailored and targeted
Australia is a pioneer in road safety. five pillars of the strategy6: road to assist with the specific needs of
In 1970, the Australian state of safety management; safer roads and such countries.
Victoria was the first jurisdiction in mobility; safer vehicles; safer road
the world to require vehicle drivers users and post-crash response.
and passengers to wear seatbelts,
According to the International Road
a change which dramatically
Assessment Programme (iRAP), road
reduced deaths on the road. Over
crashes cost two to five per cent

6 ROAD SAFETY
As the use of seatbelts, speed cameras and random breath tests has risen,
Australia’s road fatality rate has fallen
100

80
Graph courtesy of the Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics

60

40

20

0
6 8 0 2 4 6 8 0 2 4 6 8 0 2 4 6 8 0 2 4 6 8 0 2
r-6 r-6 r-7 r-7 r-7 r-7 r-7 r-8 r-8 r-8 r-8 r-8 r-9 r-9 r-9 r-9 r-9 r-0 r-0 r-0 r-0 r-0 r-1 r-1
Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma

Fatality Rate Seat Belts Random Breath Tests Speed Cameras

ROAD SAFETY 7
INTRODUCTION ROAD SAFETY Safety Program Manager Iain Cameron
from its 34 member-countries10.
states have won international awards,
including the prestigious Prince
MANAGEMENT Michael International Road Safety
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW Australia was one of the first countries
In the OECD’s October 2014
announcement, the organisation said
Award, for their life-saving initiatives.
in the world to adopt the Safe System
INDUSTRY STRENGTHS
Mr Cameron will chair the International Presenting his 2014 Decade of Action
approach to road safety. This approach Transport Forum Working Group, set Award to the Government of the state
is based on the view that people will up to reduce road fatalities and serious of Victoria, His Royal Highness Prince
COMPANIES AND always make mistakes on the road but
should not be killed or seriously injured
injuries by helping governments Michael of Kent said: ‘If this was an

CAPABILITIES as a consequence, and the road


implement the Safe System approach.
The working group comprises 28
award for past achievement alone it
would be highly justified, but it also
transport system should be designed top-level road safety experts from 23 recognises the constant striving for
FURTHER and managed to keep road users as countries and from the World Health further improvement that characterises
INFORMATION safe as possible. Organisation (WHO), the World Bank,
the International Road Assessment
the Victorian, and the Australian,
approach to road safety.’12
In 1992, Australia’s federal, state and
territory transport ministers established Programme (iRAP), the Global New
the first National Road Safety Strategy, Car Assessment Programme (Global
NCAP) and the FIA Foundation, an
The Safe System
setting out an integrated framework
for country-wide collaboration on international charity established by approach has
improving road safety. The ministers
formally adopted the Safe System
the Fédération Internationale de
l’Automobile. been at the core of
approach in their 2001–2010 strategy9. Australia’s latest report, The National Australia’s road safety
This strategy has been at the core of Road Safety Strategy 2011–2020, is
framed by the guiding vision that no
management ever
Australia’s road safety management
ever since the nation’s first strategy person should be killed or seriously since the nation’s first
report and has led to a 34 per cent injured on Australia’s roads. It presents
a 10-year plan for reducing the annual
strategy report and
reduction in road deaths over the
decade to 2010. numbers of both deaths and serious has led to a 34 per
Australia’s reputation for expertise in
injuries on Australian roads by at least
30 per cent by the year 202011. Four cent reduction in road
this area is recognised worldwide.
For example, when the Organisation
key areas form the centrepiece of the deaths over the decade
plan: Safe Roads, Safe Speeds, Safe
for Economic Co-operation and Vehicles and Safe People. to 2010
Development (OECD) was searching
for a chairman of its newly formed Australia’s road safety regulation is
group of international experts to managed nationally and implemented
implement the Safe System approach consistently by government authorities
worldwide, it selected Austroads Road at state and local levels. Several

8 ROAD SAFETY
SOUTH AUSTRALIA’S STARS ON
CARS WINS INTERNATIONAL
ROAD SAFETY AWARD
South Australia’s Stars on Cars programme,
part of the Australasian New Car Assessment
Program (ANCAP), won the Prince Michael
International Road Safety Award in 2014.
The ANCAP system gauges a vehicle’s ability to
protect its occupants in a crash, with five stars
the highest rating. The system was created
to educate consumers on the importance of
vehicle safety when buying a new car.
However, South Australia popularised the
programme through strategic educational
campaigns dubbed Stars on Cars. Under the
state-run programme, new car dealership sales
staff underwent rigorous training on the ANCAP
safety rating system with a view to passing the
information on to prospective new car buyers.
Image courtesy of South Australia Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure

In addition, the state targeted new car buyers


through advertising campaigns.
This educational element plays an important
role in South Australia’s Road Safety Strategy
2020, ‘Towards Zero Together’.
Car dealers pass Stars on Cars information to prospective buyers.

In 2010, 40 per cent of new cars sold in


South Australia had five-star ratings. At the
end of March 2014, the figure had jumped to
71 per cent, remaining ahead of the national
average since the launch of the Stars on Cars
programme in January 2011.
ANCAP is supported by all Australian and
New Zealand motoring clubs, the Australian
Government, the New Zealand Government,
Australian state and territory governments,
the Victorian Transport Accident Commission,
NRMA Insurance and the FIA Foundation.
ancap.com.au

ROAD SAFETY 9
INTRODUCTION RESEARCH AND Australia’s holistic approach to road
safety incorporates evidence-based
One example is alcohol interlocks,
now used in five states in Australia.
TECHNICAL STANDARDS research, as well as coordinated In Victoria, any driver or motorcycle
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW Australia’s world-class research has emergency response systems, medical rider whose licence or learner permit
received international recognition. treatment and crash re-creation to is cancelled due to a drink-driving
INDUSTRY STRENGTHS At its 2010 conference in Oslo, the identify technical issues that can
prevent future occurrences.
offence must pay more than A$1600
to have an interlock fitted into their
International Council on Alcohol,
COMPANIES AND Drugs and Traffic Safety presented the
Queensland University of Technology’s
For example, Australia’s state and
vehicle or motorcycle. Installation
ranges from at least six months for a
CAPABILITIES Centre for Accident Research & Road
territory governments have well-
established systems for collection and
first offence to four years or more for
Safety (CARRS-Q) with the Widmark serious and repeat offences15.
categorisation of crash data, enabling
FURTHER Institutional Award13. valuable statistical analysis. State authority VicRoads has said the
INFORMATION CARRS-Q was the first organisation in This ongoing body of research
alcohol interlocks have been proven to
reduce repeat drink-driving by up to 64
the Southern Hemisphere to receive informs new Australian standards
the Widmark award, bestowed per cent16.
and legislation. These standards
only once every three years to an are coordinated and developed
organisation that has demonstrated nationally with the involvement of state CARRS-Q was the first
an outstanding, sustained, meritorious
contribution to the international field of
government authorities. Standards
include road surface materials, bridge
organisation in the
alcohol, drugs and traffic safety14. engineering, signage, roadway design, Southern Hemisphere
vehicle design and crash testing,
CARRS-Q is well-known for its
Advanced Driving Simulator, innovative safety equipment and crash barriers. to receive the
technology that allows researchers Australia’s research capabilities, as Widmark award
to observe, challenge and record well as its technical standards, include
a driver’s reactions and skills in a traffic modelling and optimisation
controlled, safe environment with strategies, the impact of driver
precision accuracy. The simulator distraction and the effects of alcohol
enables research into impaired driving, and drugs. It also includes driver
unfavourable road conditions and education and licensing, prevention
human behaviour. of pedestrian accidents, and shaping
community attitudes to road safety.

10 ROAD SAFETY
The CARRS-Q Advanced Driving Simulator can simulate driver fatigue, hazardous conditions and
other threats to road safety. Image courtesy of CARRS-Q Photo by Sonja de Sterke

ROAD SAFETY
11
INTRODUCTION INFRASTRUCTURE AND Australian expertise has been at the

ENGINEERING
forefront of the development of the AUSTRALIA DEVELOPS MODEL
iRAP star rating and investment model.
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW When it comes to delivering road The Australian Road Research Board FOR IDENTIFYING HIGH-RISK
infrastructure, Australia is known for its (ARRB Group) helped research the ROADS
INDUSTRY STRENGTHS innovative funding models and public- crash models, design the software,
and undertake the first pilot studies. The Australian National Risk Assessment Model
private partnerships (PPP), as well as
(ANRAM) provides Australian road agencies
COMPANIES AND its reputation for management of large-
scale, complex projects to achieve
The nation’s road safety audits and
road design skills are also well- with a system for identifying sections of road
CAPABILITIES safer outcomes and sustainable developed and include transit lanes, with the highest risk of severe crashes. This is
achieved through a nationally consistent, risk-
solutions. busways, cycleways, pedestrian
FURTHER pathways and safety barriers. based road assessment programme.
Australia’s first PPP was the Sydney
INFORMATION Harbour Tunnel in 1987. Nearly 30 Effective asset maintenance is key to
maximising the effective working life
ANRAM builds on existing Australian and
international risk-based, road-rating systems
years and 130 PPPs later, decades of
of costly infrastructure. such as AusRAP and iRAP.
road infrastructure development have
contributed to a depth of expertise Australian engineers have a global The programme provides a mechanism for
among Australia’s public and private- reputation for their expertise in identifying, measuring and reporting severe
sector participants when it comes to designing multi-use roads such as crash risk. It prioritises investment options to
raising money for major projects and freight corridors which integrate with address the highest risk sections of Australia’s
seeing them through to completion. private vehicles as well as pedestrians. road network. It is a nationally agreed approach
funded and endorsed by road agencies through
Capabilities include geotechnical, civil,
umbrella organisation Austroads in partnership
structural and road safety engineering
with AusRAP.
as well as traffic modelling, bridges,
tunnelling and pavement expertise. ANRAM includes a toolkit which enables
scoping and comparison of proactive road
safety mass-treatment programmes. Such
programmes may range between high-cost
Safe System transformation works to low-
cost systemic improvements across the road
network.
arrb.com.au

12 ROAD SAFETY
Brisbane’s Legacy Way road and tunnel system will link the Western Freeway and the Inner City
Bypass, reducing congestion and travel time.

ROAD SAFETY
13
INTRODUCTION INNOVATIVE In addition, Charles Sturt University,
based in the Australian state of New
TECHNOLOGY AND South Wales, conducts specialist
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW TRAINING professional training for experienced
international police officers from the
INDUSTRY STRENGTHS Australia has widely adopted the
use of intelligent transport systems
United Kingdom, India and Canada.

and effective training to strengthen Specialist school-based education,


COMPANIES AND domestic traffic management initiatives driver education and fleet

CAPABILITIES at minimal additional cost. management training programmes are


also areas of expertise for Australian
Smart systems include law organisations.
FURTHER enforcement technologies that
School-based programmes can start
INFORMATION
monitor vehicle speed and traffic light
compliance, as well as automated with teaching primary schoolchildren
hazard detection and electronic tolling. to cross the road safely and include
Road safety equipment, such as crash risk education for 16-year-olds about to
barriers, high-visibility signage and learn to drive.
lane markings, also enhance safety in A study by the Royal Automobile Club
a cost-effective manner. of Victoria (RACV) found road and
Australia’s road safety training workplace trauma could be reduced
expertise extends to government through improved fleet-management
authorities, police and emergency- procedures18.
response teams and medical care, as ‘Fleet-purchasing policies should only
well as technical training in the areas allow for the purchase of 5-star rated
of road standards and engineering. vehicles and greater use of vehicle
For example, CARRS-Q researchers safety technologies,’ the RACV said in
are developing a smartphone app that its research report.
will warn cyclists and vehicle drivers ‘There is also evidence that some
they are about to collide. According driver-based interventions, such as
to CARRS-Q’s Dr Sebastien Demmel, monitoring, media campaigns, and the
the SafeCycle app, in the test phase, development of a good safety culture
can track movement through a have the potential to improve fleet
mobile phone’s GPS system, project safety.’
oncoming movement and, if gauging
a reasonable chance of collision, can
display an alert17.

14 ROAD SAFETY
INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY
SCATS® is an adaptive urban traffic management
system that synchronises traffic signals to optimise traffic
flow across a whole city, region or corridor.
The Sydney Coordinated Adaptive Traffic System
has been developed over 40 years by the state road
authority in New South Wales and is used
throughout Australia.
In addition, SCATS and the related TRAFF® software are
licensed to operate in more than 37,000 intersections
worldwide, including in Bangladesh, Brazil, Brunei, Chile,
China, Ecuador, Fiji, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Jordan, Laos,
Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines,
Poland, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa,
Thailand and the United States.
scats.com.au

TRAINING
Image courtesy of South Australia Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure

In 2011, the National Transport Commission (NTC) began


to engage with the Australian business sector about a
collaborative programme which would encourage more
businesses to introduce road safety initiatives. The aim
was to highlight the role that the business sector, in
addition to communities and governments, could play in
the National Road Safety Strategy 2011-2020 objective
of reducing Australian road deaths and injuries by 30
per cent by 2020.
The National Road Safety Partnership Program offers
a collaborative network for Australian organisations to
build and implement effective road safety strategies
Cameras monitor unsafe speed.

in the workplace. The programme offers organisations


the resources to improve road safety that best fit their
individual operations and, at the same time, improve
business productivity by reducing the time and money
lost through safety incidents.
nrspp.org.au

ROAD SAFETY 15
INTRODUCTION INTERNATIONAL United Nations Decade of Action for
Road Safety 2011-2020
World Road Association

COLLABORATION AND Australia’s road safety experience is


INDUSTRY OVERVIEW RECOGNITION
The nation’s companies and research
institutions actively collaborate with
recognised worldwide and evidenced
by the major roles Australian

INDUSTRY STRENGTHS Australian companies and leading international organisations companies and organisations play
organisations have more than 20 responsible for road safety issues and in global efforts to minimise crashes
years of experience assisting offshore research. Australian experts are well and save lives.
COMPANIES AND governments with road safety issues. represented on the United Nations
For example, the World Road
CAPABILITIES These companies have worked on aid-
funded, as well as commercial, projects
Road Safety Colloboration, iRAP,
Global NCAP and Global Road Safety
Association, formerly the Permanent
International Association of Road
Partnership to name a few. Australia is
FURTHER
across continents, each with varying Congresses (PIARC), recently
climates, terrains, cultures, languages one of 100 countries sponsoring the
awarded a contract to the ARRB
INFORMATION and legal systems. UN Decade of Action for Road Safety
2011-2020 and its five pillars of action:
Group (Australia) to produce the
Their success is due in part to second edition of the PIARC Road
Australia’s mix of cultures. Australia’s • Road safety management Safety Manual.
labour force is one of the most • Safer roads and mobility The manual will align with the pillars of
multicultural, multilingual and educated • Safer vehicles the Global Plan for the UN Decade of
in the world. Its highly skilled, flexible, Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 and
• Safer road users
innovative workers are equally at home will provide a state-of-the-art resource
in western and Asian cultures. • Post-crash response.
to assist countries in meeting their
The goal of the Decade of Action for road safety improvement objectives20.
Road Safety 2011-2020 is to reduce
the forecast level of road traffic
fatalities around the world by 202019.
Australia has applied this approach for
the past 20 years and has
achieved a depth of experience in
these areas, which can be exported
and adapted overseas.

16 ROAD SAFETY
Australia’s multicultural workforce is equally at home in western and Asian cultures.

ROAD SAFETY
17
INTRODUCTION Austroads Guide to Road Safety Prince Michael International Road
Safety Award
Australian Road Research Board
In support of the Decade of Action, The ARRB Group is the first iRAP
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW Austroads will make its extensive
Guide to Road Safety freely available
The Australian state of Victoria
has pioneered many road safety
global centre of excellence under
a Memorandum of Understanding

INDUSTRY STRENGTHS
to countries and government bodies innovations that are now being signed by the heads of both non-profit
engaged in not-for-profit initiatives in admired and replicated around the organisations in 201023.
the Asia-Pacific region21. world. Since 1987 it has assisted with
COMPANIES AND Austroads is the association of
projects in Asia, Europe, Africa and the
‘We are excited at the prospect
of building on our already strong
CAPABILITIES road transport and traffic agencies
Middle East.
relationship with ARRB, which is one of
in Australia and New Zealand. Its It has also conducted significant the world’s leading authorities on road

FURTHER Austroads’ Guide to Road Safety


examines road accident costs and
outreach programmes in developing
countries throughout the
safety research and technology,’ iRAP
Chief Executive Rob McInerney said at
INFORMATION road agencies’ duty of care to provide Asia-Pacific region. the time.
safe travel. The manual explains the
In 2004, VicRoads received the Prince ‘With this agreement in place, we are
Safe System approach as the guiding
Michael International Road Safety another step closer toward our vision
principle for road safety management,
Award in recognition of its innovative of a world free of high-risk roads,’ he
and examines the merits of an
and workable road safety programme, said.
evidence-based approach to
which has been duplicated worldwide.
selected road safety measures. London-based iRAP has since added
In congratulating VicRoads, Prince
to its group of global of centres of
Michael emphasised the importance of
excellence. However, the ARRB Group
international collaboration.
remains one of only six in the world24,
‘Your Transport Accident Commission and continues to play a lead role in
is succeeding in solving a conundrum iRAP’s Global Technical Committee.
most other high-income countries
have not yet even recognised: how to
complete the cycle of accountability
in road safety while at the same time
properly accounting for the social,
health and economic costs of road
traffic injuries,’ Prince Michael said.
Emphasising the importance of
international collaboration he added,
‘VicRoads has a vital task in enhancing
infrastructure safety and is exporting its
expertise throughout the wider Asia-
Pacific region’22.

18 ROAD SAFETY
Road safety education and community consultation are some of the areas of expertise that
VicRoads has exported to Asia, including Hong Kong and China.

ROAD SAFETY
19
ARRB’s engineering capability keeps children safer on their way to school
Case Study Paul Hillier, AARB Group National
Technical Leader, Incident Investigations
The manual provides background
information on road safety engineering
‘Young children are
When US energy multinational Chevron
began operating in Kai County in
and Reviews, Safe Systems, said about principles and details of road safety risks among the most
half of the 1.3 million lives lost on roads commonly found around schools.
Sichuan Province, traffic through the
worldwide are motorcyclists, cyclists and It also describes basic, yet highly vulnerable road users and
area rose sharply.
pedestrians. effective, pedestrian road safety any project that involves
To help resolve the increased traffic treatments and signage.
snarls, Chevron partnered with the Asia
Of these deaths, 92 per cent occur in low
and middle income countries, and many As a result, the ‘Walk Wise’ programme
enhancing the safety of
Injury Prevention Foundation (AIPF) to
investigate several road safety aspects of
occur as a result of routine activities such continues to be rolled out over schools schoolchildren must be a
the developments, with a particular focus
as travelling to and from school,
Mr Hillier said.
in the region and is currently in place at
37 schools.
priority, including giving
on heavy vehicle operations.
‘Young children are among the most ‘ARRB Group is very proud of its them skills to serve them
Looking at schools in the region, they
found that during the 2011-2012 school
vulnerable road users and any project
that involves enhancing the safety
contribution to the ‘Walk Wise’
programme in the Sichuan region of
well into future’
year, 43 per cent of students reported
of schoolchildren must be a priority, China and similar programmes in other - Paul Hillier, National Technical Leader,
having been involved in road-traffic
including giving them skills to serve developing countries,’ Mr Hiller said. Incident Investigations and Reviews,
accidents, and 76 per cent rarely felt safe
them well into future,’ he said. Safe Systems, ARRB Group
on the road on the way to school.
To this end, an ARRB road safety expert
In November 2012, the ‘Walk Wise’
visited the Sichuan Province to assess
programme was launched based on
several high-risk sites. Using information
the principles of road safety education,
from the assessment, a team from ARRB
enforcement, encouragement and
developed a manual of road safety
engineering.
measures to reduce risks to pedestrians
ARRB was engaged to work on the around schools. This manual assists
engineering sector of the project, which school staff and the local community
includes guiding all road users, including in identifying major road safety risks
pedestrians, through trouble spots or encountered by children on their journey
unusual sections of road, such as high to school and developing appropriate
traffic areas. ways to reduce road risks.

20 ROAD SAFETY
In China’s Sichuan Province, the Walk Wise program helps keep schoolchildren safe.
Image courtesy of AARB Group

ROAD SAFETY 21
Cardno: Evaluating Australian-funded roads in Eastern Indonesia
Case Study A secondary objective of the project
was to improve road safety through road
‘Ultimately, the monitoring and evaluation
programme reported on the overall
‘Ultimately, the
Since 2012, Australia’s Cardno has
assisted with the Indonesia Road
widening, shoulder treatments, signage, benefits to road users and community monitoring and
road surface condition, improved road through EINRIP and provided lessons
Survey Services (IRSS), a five-year,
alignments, and other treatments. The that can be applied to future roads evaluation programme
A$2.9 million project which is part
of monitoring and evaluating the
project team identified construction projects,’ Cardno’s Deputy Business Unit reported on the overall
non-conformities, including safety- Manager, Rhys Thomson, said.
Australian aid-supported Eastern
Indonesia National Roads Improvement
related matters, and initiated a reporting
Cardno, founded in 1945, is
benefits to road users
Project (EINRIP).
process that ensured compliance.
headquartered in Brisbane. The and community through
EINRIP, supported by a A$300 million
The outcome was a significant
improvement in project compliance
infrastructure and environmental
services company has about 8000 staff
EINRIP and provided
loan from the Australian Government,
involved 20 major road projects across
levels across 400 kilometres of AusAID- in 290 offices in 85 countries. It is listed lessons that can be
funded EINRIP road projects throughout on the Australian Stock Exchange.
nine provinces. The project covered
the eastern region of Indonesia, which in applied to future roads
nearly 400 kilometres of national roads
in Eastern Indonesia.
turn achieved an improvement in safety
standards. The Government of Indonesia
projects’
The initial programme was undertaken has recognised the benefits and is - Rhys Thomson, Deputy Business
to improve access across Indonesia’s implementing EINRIP design standards, Unit Manager, Cardno
east and increase the lifespan of as well as the project audit and
the region’s roads. The programme contract compliance management
identified that construction quality procedures nationally.
standards did not conform to contract
requirements, which in turn created
safety issues. These issues included
sight distances that were not in
accordance with the design, wrongly
positioned guard rails, unsatisfactory
pedestrian facilities and serious traffic-
management deficiencies.

22 ROAD SAFETY
Cardno replaced side ditches with the safer, drivable V-drain and pipe system which improves drainage and slope stability.
Image courtesy of Cardno

ROAD SAFETY 23
Universities in Australia and Singapore link to measure road-safe behaviour
Case Study SSI programme investigates safety
problems and devises innovative
While other pedestrian groups comply
with directives to use designated
‘The findings of this
Queensland University of Technology’s
Centre for Accident Research and Road
solutions to prevent injuries and death. crossings, elderly pedestrians tend to study will be useful for
cross indiscriminately due to longer and
Safety (CARRS-Q) is a key player in Collaborative studies conducted so
perhaps more physically challenging road safety campaign
the international pursuit of road safety far have covered some of the most
and an active educator of road safety persistent problems facing vulnerable
designated crossing paths – and the planners to be more
risks can have deadly consequences.
and injury prevention researchers and
practitioners in the Asia-Pacific region.
road users – aggression among
motorcyclists and widespread refusal In a separate study on rider behaviour
focused in the target
The award-winning CARRS-Q also has a
among the elderly to use designated among motorcyclists, the collaboration group as well as
growing international profile in new areas
pedestrian crosswalks. devised a questionnaire to pinpoint
impulsive sensation-seeking, aggression
those who employ
such as injury prevention among young
adults, motorcycle and bicycle safety,
The first collaborative project
undertaken by the team is the
and risk-taking behaviour. motorcyclists for their
intelligent transport systems, road safety use of cutting-edge statistical and By clustering the crash risk using a type delivery businesses’
infrastructure, workforce safety and econometric modelling techniques to of algorithm, the specialists developed
professional road safety training. identify potential road safety issues for a model for measuring the relationship - Dr MD Mazharul Haque, CARRS-Q,
pedestrians in Singapore. between rider behaviour and the risk and Professor Chin Hoong Chor,
In late 2013, CARRS-Q researcher National University of Singapore’s
being involved in an accident.
Dr MD Mazharul Haque began a Results from the study highlight specific Safety Studies Initiative
collaboration with the National University concerns which are particularly relevant in ‘The findings of this study will be useful
of Singapore’s (NUS) Safety Studies cities. The higher likelihood of pedestrian for road safety campaign planners to
Initiative (SSI), led by Professor Chin fatal injury at night suggests that night be more focused in the target group as
Hoong Chor, a road safety expert and visibility may warrant further detailed well as those who employ motorcyclists
an accredited road safety auditor. Dr study. Location considerations, such as for their delivery businesses,’ Dr Haque
Wang Yueying, an emerging researcher high-speed roads, median dividers and and Professor Chin said in their report.
at SSI, is also involved in the research school zones are also identified as high-
The research collaboration aims to
collaboration between CARRS-Q and SSI. risk factors associated with Singapore’s
facilitate a re-examination of road
road-infrastructure design.
The collaboration aimed to investigate design in Singapore to enhance safety.
safety issues in Singapore for vulnerable Elderly pedestrians and their interaction
road users such as pedestrians, with road crossings is another factor
the elderly and motorcyclists. The under study.

24 ROAD SAFETY
Elderly pedestrians are among the most vulnerable road users.
Image courtesy of CARRS-Q

ROAD SAFETY 25
Cohda moves from trial phase to production in GM’s first intelligent car
Case Study ‘The recent announcements by GM and
Delphi move Cohda from the trial phase
Cohda’s hardware and software
products are being used in more
‘The recent
When General Motors’ (GM) first
intelligent cars roll off the assembly
to the production stage in the market than 60 per cent of all V2X field trials announcements by GM
development of V2X technology,’ Mr worldwide today. The company’s
line in about two years, their
Gray said. customers include many carmakers, tier and Delphi move Cohda
communications technology will use
software supplied by Australia’s Cohda The US Department of Transportation
one suppliers, automotive chipmakers, from the trial phase to
road authorities and new market
Wireless. has said in a report25 these safety apps
are life-saving, estimating they could
entrants. Cohda’s products are used the production stage in
Cohda is supplying the complete
software stack for Delphi Automotive,
prevent as many as 592,000 crashes
in the United States, Europe, Australia,
Japan, China, and South Korea.
the market development
which will supply GM with connectivity
and save 1083 lives per year.
Cohda also supplies V2X roadside of V2X technology’
technology to allow cars to ‘talk’ to one According to GM Chief Executive Mary
equipment to road authorities around - Paul Gray, CEO, Cohda Wireless
another and provide drivers with critical Barra’s recent announcement, Cadillac
the globe. This equipment can be
safety information. will build GM’s first V2V-equipped car
integrated into traffic light controllers,
in the 2017 Cadillac CTS in about two
Cohda’s software comprises 10 safety or in stand-alone deployments. Cohda’s
years.
apps including Left Turn Assist (LTA) roadside equipment supports important
and Intersection Movement Assist ‘Using Cohda’s software, Delphi will V2I road safety applications such
(IMA), according to Cohda Chief be first to market with V2V and V2I as Signal Phase and Timing (SPaT)
Executive Paul Gray. communication technology that broadcasts, Curve Speed Warning
significantly advances driver safety,’ Mr broadcasts, Ice Road
The apps, used in Delphi technology,
Gray said. Warning broadcasts, and Traveller
make up part of a movement by
Information Messages.
the global vehicle industry towards Delphi’s technology can signal a
Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) and Vehicle- number of traffic situations, including
to-Infrastructure (V2I) implementations road condition hazards, road work,
of connected car technology, which are emergency vehicle warning, stationary
collectively referred to as V2X. or slow-moving vehicles, traffic jams
and accidents, as well as traffic signals
or signage indicators.

26 ROAD SAFETY
Cohda’s software will be used in GM vehicles, allowing cars to communicate and providing drivers with critical safety information.
Image courtesy of Cohda Wireless

ROAD SAFETY 27
Global Road Technology gets Brazil’s roads ready for Olympic gold
Case Study Mr Santana said GRT’s polymer dust-
suppression and road-stabilisation
GRT is an international company
founded in Australia. It addresses road
‘As Brazil’s economy
Australia’s Global Road Technology
(GRT) is working across Brazil on road
products provide fast, cost-effective stabilisation and dust control problems, develops, we need
solutions to rebuilding and repairing as well as other operating challenges
projects valued at US$220 million as
Brazil’s existing road networks, many within the infrastructure sector. The to continue to create
the country builds new infrastructure
ahead of the 2016 Rio Olympic Games.
of which are congested and require company works on all types of roads quality infrastructure for
immediate attention. from major highways and freeways
GRT’s range of surfacing and
GRT has the ability to create roads at
to haulage, industrial and rural roads, the country to maintain
stabilisation products underwent
rigorous independent and government
a speed of one kilometre a day with
plus tarmacs, hardstand areas, water-
repellent pavements and military
growth’
a trained crew, which means fewer
testing to ensure they would meet the applications. - Adelmir Santana, President,
inconvenient closures and fewer
demands posed by South America’s GRT Brazil
delays. This means that roads can be GRT’s technology, which comes out
largest country and its diverse
reopened sooner resulting in improved of its research and development
landscapes.
accessibility for commuters. headquarters in Australia, can be
As a result of its public and private applied to clay, silt, sand and gravel
GRT is developing road systems in
sector contracts in Brazil, GRT opened materials.
Petrolina, Brazil’s agricultural hub in the
an office in the nation’s capital, Brasilia,
north-west of the country as well as
working on infrastructure projects
Bahia, on the north-east Atlantic coast.
across the nation in the lead-up to the
2014 FIFA World Cup. The largest project is the development
of a road network in Roraima state in
‘As Brazil’s economy develops, we
the Amazon region, one of the most
need to continue to create quality
remote, challenging parts of the country.
infrastructure for the country to maintain
The 2000-kilometre project will take five
growth,’ said GRT Brazil President,
years to complete.
Adelmir Santana.

28 ROAD SAFETY
GRT addresses road stabilisation and dust control problems.
Image courtesy of GRT

ROAD SAFETY 29
SMEC helps improve Tajikistan’s Regional Road Network
Case study SMEC often operates in remote and
often harsh environments, giving rise
SMEC was responsible for the overall
project management of the repair and
SMEC has been
SMEC, formerly the Snowy Mountains
Engineering Corporation, has its
to operations around the world. The reconstruction of 130 kilometres of the involved in a number
company aligns technical expertise main Dushanbe-Kyrgyz Border Road
origins in an iconic Australian project
with local knowledge to address the and 70 kilometres of rural roads; an of projects in Tajikistan
launched 65 years ago that stands
today as one of the world’s great
needs of its diverse client base and integral part of a regional road network such as the Dushanbe-
has delivered thousands of projects in in Central Asia that directly links
engineering accomplishments.
more than 100 countries. Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan, to Krgyz Border Road
The Snowy Mountains Scheme,
involving roads, hydropower and
SMEC has operated in Tajikistan
the Kyrgyz Republic.
rehabilitation project
other infrastructure, was undertaken
since 1999. SMEC’s first project
there involved technical assistance
The project included earthworks,
granular pavement construction,
funded by the Asian
between 1949 and 1974. Its Australian
Government-funded pricetag of
to the Government of Tajikistan in asphalt placement, construction of Development Bank
the implementation of policies and four new bridges, rehabilitation of nine
A$820 million translates to
institutional reforms to improve the bridges, installation of 27 kilometres
A$6.13 billion in today’s terms.
Transport and Energy and of precast concrete side drains and
In 1997, the American Society of Civil Renewables sectors to meet the safety improvement works.
Engineers recognised the project needs of a market economy.
SMEC also supervised the project’s
as an International Historical Civil
Since then, SMEC has been involved civil works contracts and monitored
Engineering Landmark, ranking it
in a number of projects in Tajikistan and reported on project performance.
alongside the Panama Canal and the
such as the Dushanbe-Krgyz Border SMEC’s scope of services was
Eiffel Tower.
Road rehabilitation project funded by subsequently extended to include
the Asian Development Bank, assisting design and documentation for the
the Tajikistan Government to restore procurement of works.
network links vital for sustaining
economic growth.

30 ROAD SAFETY
SMEC has assisted the Tajikistan Government with restoring network links vital for sustaining economic growth.
Image courtesy of SMEC

ROAD SAFETY 31
VicRoads exports best-practice road solutions to India
Case study John Edney, VicRoads Business
Development Manager, discussed
In nearby Karnataka state, it is assisting
with a similar undertaking in a
‘Because of what
VicRoads, the State of Victoria’s road
agency, exports best-practice road
the programme at the March 2014 US$1.1 million road safety programme we have achieved in
Australian Road Safety Showcase. funded by the World Bank.
solutions around the world and has
The event, held in the South Indian Australia, we have a
successfully delivered projects to India Meg Holmberg, VicRoad’s Manager,
since 2001.
city of Chennai, was organised by the
International Projects, said VicRoads is number of people who
Australian Trade Commission.
The agency’s projects in India have
‘Heavy vehicle rollovers are a terrible
well known and well regarded in India.
are considered experts
ranged from a World Bank-funded
US$1 million programme to improve
problem throughout India with up to
‘We have a good reputation for our
work in road safety and we work from
in best-practice roads
the efficiency and effectiveness of
one-third of the country’s 140,000 road
fatalities each year involving heavy
the knowledge that Victoria ranks as solutions’
road-sector management in Mizoram one of the safest places in the world for
vehicles,’ Mr Edney said. - Meg Holmberg, Manager,
state in north-east India, to an Asian safety on the roads, Ms Holmberg said.
Development Bank-funded US$900,000 The programme has been well received International Projects, VicRoads
‘Because of what we have achieved in
programme of road policy, planning and by government as well as private
Australia, we have a number of people
execution for Madhya Pradesh state in operators in the transport and logistics
who are considered experts in best-
the nation’s centre. industries.
practice roads solutions, so we have a
VicRoads has also shared more VicRoads currently has two far-reaching big pool of expertise to draw on if our
specialised programmes, including its projects underway in India. In south- consultants find that there’s a technical
Truck Rollover Prevention Program. The west India’s Kerala state on the Malabar issue they need to solve,’ she said.
programme provides organisations Coast, the agency is developing
with information on training and programmes to improve road safety
awareness presentations. In addition, and increase public awareness of
the programme provides a framework safe behaviour on the roads. It is also
for the development of a code of developing a relevant legal framework
behaviour that establishes the rules for to support the programmes.
safe heavy vehicle operations.

32 ROAD SAFETY
VicRoads’ Truck Rollover Prevention Program in India is an effort to train heavy-vehicle operators in the areas of safe behaviour and awareness of risks.
Image courtesy of VicRoads

ROAD SAFETY 33
INTRODUCTION
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW
INDUSTRY STRENGTHS
COMPANIES AND
CAPABILITIES
FURTHER
INFORMATION

The following table provides some


examples of organisations and their
capabilities.
Contact your local Austrade
representative for assistance with
connecting with the Australian
businesses that best suit your
requirements.

austrade.gov.au

34 ROAD SAFETY
Andatech

Automapic
ARRB Group

Byron Group
and Technology

B&R Enclosures

Cohda Wireless

Centre (C-MARC)
Company name

APV Safety Products

Driver Safety Australia


Bartco Traffic Equipment

Security (Griffith University)


Centre for Automotive Safety
Research (University of Adelaide)
Centre for Accident Research and

Curtin Monash Accident Research


Centre of Excellence in Policing and
Australian Institute of Health Science
and Security (Charles Sturt University)

Road Safety - Queensland (CARRS-Q)


APV Engineering and Testing Services

Australian Graduate School of Policing


Inst
itut
ion
a l str
eng
Sta t he
nda ning
rds
and
pol
Veh icy
icle dev
elo
stan
dar pm
ds ent
Dat test
ac ing
olle and
ctio
Governance Systems

na cer
nd tific
Roa atio
ds ana n
Road Safety Management and

afe lysi
ty a s
war
Cra ene
sh i ss p
nve rog
stig ram
me
Tra
atio
na s
ffic nd
mo rec
del ons
ling truc
Networks
Transport

Tra , sim tion


nsp ulat
ort io na
plan nd
ning ana
lysi
Roa
d sa
and s
opt
fety imis
aud atio
its a n
Roa nd
de ana
ngi lysi
nee s
ring
Con and
stru des
and Design

ctio ign
na
Ass nd
e pro
reh t ma
abi j ect m
Engineering, Construction

litat nagem ana


ion ent gem
, ins ent
Pav pec
em tion
ent
tec and
hno
Ele log
ctro ies
nic
tolli
ng
Tra
ffic
sign
al s
Sig yste
nag ms
furn e, l and
itur ine- opt
e ma imis
rkin atio
Roa
g, li
ght n
ds ing
afe
ty e a nd
roa
Em qui d
e pm
ent
equ rgenc
ipm y re
Technology

ent spo
nse
Enf veh
orc icle
em s an
ent
tec d
Op hno
era log
tion ies
al /
cus
Inte t om
llige ised
nt t soft
ran war
spo e
Tec rt sys
hnic tem
al c s
ons
ulta
Em ncy
erg ser
enc vice
y, p
olic
Driv e and
er t me
rain dic
ing al t
rain
Personnel

Veh ing
icle
flee
tm
ROAD SAFETY
Training, Education and

ana
Tec gem
hnic ent
al t
rain
ing
35
36
GHD

(NTRI)

NICTA

Optalert
MetroCount
iOmniscient

Centre (MUARC)
Logix Engineering
Company name

Mader International

ROAD SAFETY
KSI Global Australia
Intelematics Australia

Real Serious Games


Martin Small Consulting

Polite Enterprises Corporation


Global Road Technology (GRT)

Pavement Management Services


Intelligent Transport Systems Lab

National Trauma Research Institute


(Swinburne University of Technology)

Monash University Accident Research


Inst
itut
ion
al s
tren
Sta gth
eni
nda
rds ng
and
pol
Veh icy
icle dev
elo
stan
dar pm
ds ent
Dat test
ac ing
olle and
ctio cer
Governance Systems

na tific
Roa nd atio
ds
afe
ana n
Road Safety Management and

lysi
ty a s
war
Cra ene
sh i ss p
nve rog
stig ram
me
atio
na s
Tra nd
ffic rec
mo ons
del
ling truc
Networks
Transport

Tra , sim tion


nsp u latio
ort
plan n and
ning ana
lysi
Roa
d sa
and s
opt
fety imis
aud atio
its a n
Roa nd
de ana
ngi lysi
nee s
ring
Con and
stru des
and Design

ctio ign
na
Ass nd
reh et ma pro
abi ject
litat nagem ma
Engineering, Construction

ion ent nag


, ins em
Pav pec ent
em tion
ent
tec a n d
hno
Ele log
ctro ies
nic
tolli
ng
Tra
ffic
sign
al s
Sig yste
nag ms
furn e, l and
itur ine- opt
e ma imis
rkin atio
Roa
g, li
ght n
ds ing
afe and
ty e roa
Em qui d
e pm
ent
equ rgenc
ipm y re
Technology

ent spo
nse
Enf veh
orc icle
em s an
ent
tec d
Op h n olo
era gie
tion s
al /
cus
Inte tom
llige ised
nt t soft
ran war
spo e
Tec rt sy
hnic stem
al c s
ons
ulta
Em ncy
erg ser
enc vice
y, p
olic
Driv e and
er t me
rain dic
ing al t
rain
Personnel

Veh ing
icle
flee
tm
Training, Education and

ana
Tec gem
hnic ent
al t
rain
ing
Services

VicRoads
Transmax
Saferoads

UGL Engineering
Seeing Machines

SenSen Networks

URaP International
Traffic Tech Pty Ltd
Road Safety Audits

SMEC International
Company name

Wave International
Redflex Traffic Systems

Traffic Technologies Ltd


Strategic Safety Solutions

Accident Research (USCAR)


Transport and Road Safety (TARS)
Strategic Road Safety Advisory

University of the Sunshine Coast


Research (University of New South Wales)
Inst
itut
ion
al s
tren
Sta gth
eni
nda
rds ng
and
pol
Veh icy
icle dev
elo
stan
dar pm
ds ent
Dat test
ac ing
olle and
ctio
Governance Systems

na cer
Roa nd tific
atio
ds ana n
Road Safety Management and

afe lysi
s
ty a
war
Cra ene
sh i ss p
nve rog
stig ram
me
atio
na s
Tra nd
ffic rec
mo ons
del
ling truc
Networks
Transport

Tra , sim tion


nsp u latio
ort n a
plan nd
ning ana
lysi
Roa
d sa
and s
opt
fety imis
aud atio
its a n
Roa nd
de ana
ngi lysi
nee s
ring
Con and
stru des
and Design

ctio ign
na
Ass nd
reh et ma p roje
abi ct m
Engineering, Construction

litat nagem ana


ion ent gem
, ins ent
Pav pec
em tion
ent and
tec
hno
Ele log
ctro ies
nic
tolli
ng
Tra
ffic
sign
al s
Sig yste
nag ms
furn e, l and
itur ne- i opt
e ma imis
rkin atio
Roa
g, li
ght n
ds ing
afe
ty e a nd
roa
Em qui d
e pm
ent
equ rgenc
ipm y re
Technology

ent spo
nse
Enf veh
orc icle
em s an
ent
tec d
Op h n olo
era g ies
tion
al /
cus
Inte tom
llige ised
nt t soft
ran war
spo e
Tec rt sys
hnic tem
al c s
ons
ulta
Em ncy
erg ser
enc vice
y, p
olic
Driv e and
er t me
rain dic
ing al t
rain
Personnel

Veh ing
icle
flee
tm
ROAD SAFETY
Training, Education and

ana
Tec gem
hnic ent
al t
rain
ing
37
INTRODUCTION GOVERNMENT INDUSTRY AustRoads

Bureau of Infrastructure, ASSOCIATIONS Austroads is the association of


INDUSTRY OVERVIEW Transport and Regional Australian Automobile Association
Australasian road transport and
traffic agencies. Its purpose is to
Economics
INDUSTRY STRENGTHS The AAA is the peak organisation improve Australian and New Zealand
representing Australia’s motoring transport outcomes by providing
BITRE provides economic
clubs, with a combined membership expert technical input to national road
COMPANIES AND
analysis, research and statistics
of seven million Australians. It aims to and transport policy development,
on infrastructure, transport and
CAPABILITIES regional development issues to represent and advance the interests
of the constituent motoring clubs
improving the practices and capability
of road agencies, and promoting
inform Australian Government policy
operational consistency by road
FURTHER development and wider community and their members to the Australian
Government and other national and agencies.
understanding.
INFORMATION bitre.gov.au international stakeholders. austroads.com.au
aaa.asn.au
Intelligent Transport Systems
Department of Infrastructure and
Australasian College of Road Safety Australia
Regional Development
The Australasian College of ITS Australia promotes the
The Department of Infrastructure
Road Safety is the region’s peak development and deployment of
and Regional Development is
membership association for road advanced technologies to deliver safer,
responsible for the design and
safety professionals, advocates and more efficient and environmentally
implementation of the Australian
members of the public who are sustainable transport across all
Government’s infrastructure and
focused on saving lives and preventing public and private modes. It is an
regional development policies and
serious injuries on our roads. independent not-for-profit incorporated
programmes.
acrs.org.au membership organisation representing
infrastructure.gov.au
ITS suppliers, government authorities,
National Transport academia and transport businesses
Commission and users. Affiliated with peak ITS
organisations around the world, ITS
The NTC is an inter-governmental Australia is a major contributor to the
agency charged with improving the development of the industry.
productivity, safety and environmental its-australia.com.au
performance of Australia’s road, rail
and intermodal transport systems. It
is jointly funded by Australia’s state,
territory and national governments.
ntc.gov.au

38 ROAD SAFETY
National Road Safety Partnership ASSESSMENT BODIES RESEARCH National ICT Australia
Program
Australasian New Car Assessment ORGANISATIONS NICTA is Australia’s National Information
The NRSPP offers a collaborative Communications Technology (ICT)
network for Australian organisations Program Australian Road Research Board Research Centre of Excellence and the
to build and implement effective road ANCAP provides consumers with Group nation’s largest organisation dedicated
safety strategies in the workplace. It independent and transparent advice to ICT research. Its primary goal is to
For over 50 years, ARRB Group has
offers organisations the resources to and information on the level of occupant pursue high-impact research excellence
provided trusted advice, technical
improve road safety that best fit their protection provided by vehicles in and, through application of this research,
expertise and solutions to transport and
individual operations and improve serious front and side crashes. Since to create national benefit and wealth for
road agencies across the world. ARRB’s
business productivity through less time 1993, ANCAP has published crash test Australia. It aims to be one of the world’s
member agencies include federal, state
and money lost through safety incidents. results for more than 400 vehicles. top ICT research and development
and local government bodies, and it is
The NRSPP aims to help Australian ancap.com.au centres. NICTA’s Infrastructure, Transport
a not-for-profit entity. ARRB is a Global
organisations develop a positive road and Logistics business team draws
Centre of Excellence for the International
safety culture and become an example Australian Road Assessment on NICTA expertise in areas such
Road Assessment Programme.
for others to enhance road safety. Programme arrb.com.au
as optimisation, networks, computer
nrspp.org.au vision, machine learning control and
AusRAP is a programme run by the
The George Institute for Global software systems to deliver solutions
Roads Australia Australian Automobile Association and
that transform the efficiency, safety and
state and territory automobile clubs, Health
Roads Australia is a not-for-profit, sustainability of transportation systems
dedicated to saving lives through
non-political industry association. It The George Institute for Global Health and infrastructure networks.
advocating for safer road infrastructure.
provides a forum for policy development, is a world-class centre for research into nicta.com.au
AusRAP is aligned with the global
networking and communication for the prevention of premature deaths
International Road Assessment
Australia’s road transport system, and from a variety of causes, including
Programme.
seeks to ensure that information and road accidents. A supporter of the UN
ausrap.org.au
decision-making in relation to roads Decade of Action for Road Safety, The
and road transport is well informed and George Institute is leading international
reflects an appropriate level of priorities. studies in India on the economic and
roads.org.au social impacts of the country’s ever
increasing traffic volume. In China,
the institute is involved in a study
examining the effectiveness of a training
programme for novice drivers in Beijing.
In Vietnam, it is examining the economic
cost of road injury.
georgeinstitute.org

ROAD SAFETY 39
INTRODUCTION STATE ROAD REFERENCES 9. Department of Infrastructure and
Regional Development, Transport
AUTHORITIES 1. Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Infrastructure Council, National
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW The following state and territory road
and Regional Economics, Australian Road Safety Strategy 2011-2020,
Infrastructure Statistics, Year Book August 2011 infrastructure.gov.au/
authorities are members of Austroads:
INDUSTRY STRENGTHS Roads and Maritime Services
2013 bitre.gov.au/publications roads/safety
2. Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport 10. A
 ustroads, Austroads Road Safety
New South Wales
COMPANIES AND rms.nsw.gov.au
and Regional Economics, Australian Program Manager leads new

CAPABILITIES
Infrastructure Statistics, Year Book international road safety group,
Roads Corporation Victoria 2013 bitre.gov.au/publications October 2014 austroads.com.au/
vicroads.vic.gov.au news-events
FURTHER Department of Transport and
3. Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport
and Regional Economics, Australian
INFORMATION Main Roads Queensland Infrastructure Statistics, Year Book
tmr.qld.gov.au 2013 bitre.gov.au/publications
Main Roads Western Australia 4. Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport
mainroads.wa.gov.au and Regional Economics, Australian
Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure Statistics, Year Book
Infrastructure South Australia 2013 bitre.gov.au/publications
dpti.sa.gov.au 5. VicRoads, VicRoads – A proud
Department of State Growth Tasmania legacy of road safety, May 2014
stategrowth.tas.gov.au businessworld-australia.com.au

Department of Transport Northern 6. United Nations Road Safety


Territory Collaboration, April 2014
transport.nt.gov.au who.int/roadsafety

Territory and Municipal Services 7. International Road Assessment


Directorate Australian Capital Territory Programme, A Business Case for
tams.act.gov.au Safer Roads irap.org/en/about-
irap-2
8. United Nations Road Safety
Collaboration, April 2014
who.int/roadsafety

40 ROAD SAFETY
11. Department of Infrastructure and 18. RACV, Work-related Road Safety, 25. N
 ational Highway Traffic Safety
Regional Development, Transport and January 2014 racv.com.au/wps/wcm Administration, US Department
Infrastructure Council, National Road of Transportation, Federal Motor
19. Australian Government Department
Safety Strategy 2011-2020, August Vehicle Safety Standards: Vehicle-
of Infrastructure and Regional
2011 infrastructure.gov.au/roads/ to-Vehicle (V2V) Communications;
Development, Decade of Action for
safety Executive Summary xvi, August 2014
Road Safety 2011-2020, July 2014
Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications:
12. Roadsafe, Royal Award, May 2014 infrastructure.gov.au/roads/safety
Readiness of V2V Technology for
roadsafe.com/news
20. World Road Association, Road Safety Application gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg
13. Queensland University of Technology, Manual, April 2013 piarc.org/en
CARRS-Q drives away with
21. Austroads, Decade of Action for Road
international award, September 2010
Safety austroads.com.au/road-
qut.edu.au/about/news
operations
14. ibid.
22. R
 oadsafe, Royal Award
15. VicRoads, Changes to the alcohol roadsafe.com/news
interlock programme, October 2014
23. ARRB Group, Launch of Life-Saving
vicroads.vic.gov.au/licences
iRAP Centre of Excellence at ARRB,
16. ibid. October 2010 arrb.com.au/home
17. Queensland University of Technology, 24. iRAP, Centres of Excellence,
Using mobile phone technology to irap.org/en/about-irap
keep cyclists safe, Dr Sebastien
Demmel, CARRS-Q, March 2014
carrsq.qut.edu.au/qipn

ROAD SAFETY 41
Many road safety measures are straightforward and cost-effective.

42
Image courtesy of South Australia Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure

ROAD SAFETY
Acknowledgement
For his assistance in the preparation
of this report, Rob McInerney, Chief
Executive Officer, International Road
Assessment Programme (iRAP)

The Australian Trade Commission –


Austrade – contributes to Australia’s
economic prosperity by helping
Australian businesses, education
institutions, tourism operators,
governments and citizens as they:
• develop international markets
• w
 in productive foreign direct
investment
• promote international education
• strengthen Australia’s tourism industry
• seek consular and passport services.
Austrade helps companies around the
world to identify and take up investment
opportunities in Australia as well as to
source Australian goods and services.
Our assistance includes:
• p
 roviding insight on Australian
capabilities
• identifying potential investment
projects and strategic alliance partners
• h
 elping you to identify and contact
Australian suppliers.

W www.austrade.gov.au
E info@austrade.gov.au

ROAD SAFETY 43
austrade.gov.au