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Practice Improvement Cooperation Innovation

PCS-9611 Feeder Management


Relay

NR Electric Co., Ltd.


PCS-9611 Feeder Management Relay
• Application

- Protection for feeder, bus-coupler, capacitor

- Backup protection for Transformer or transmission line

Protection
Monitoring

Control

Fault
Recording
Metering

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Application Scheme
• Protection for Feeder

Feeder

• Backup protection for transmission line

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Application Scheme
• Backup protection for transformer

PANEL 1
CB
PCS-
9671

PCS- PCS-
9611 9611

CB

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Application Scheme
• Protection for capacitor

PCS-9611

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Functions of PCS-9611
• Metering function (for distribution feeders)

Voltage Active power

Current Reactive power

Frequency Power factor

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Functions of PCS-9611
• Bay control function (for distribution feeders)

Open

Local control

Remote control

Close

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Functions of PCS-9611
• Monitoring function

Gateway Remote

I, U, F, Cos, W, Var, BI,


SOE

Local

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Functions of PCS-9611
• Time synchronization

SNTP

GPS Receiver Unit

10 Syn+ PPS Signal


11 Syn-

12 GND IRIG-B Signal

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Hardware of PCS-9611
• Hardware structure

Conventional AI A/D
Binary
CT and VT module A/D Inputs

Electronic Main
CT and VT DSP Binary
Outputs

Network
DSP ARM
Time
SNTP or
Synchronization IRIG-B
HMI
Print
LCD LED
Power Supply PS
Keypad Communication To SCADA
For all modules

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Protection program flow chart
• Protection program flow chart

Main Program

Sampling Program

No FD Yes
Pickup?

Fault Calculation
Regular Program
Program

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Hardware of PCS-9611
• Front View

PCS-9611
FEEDER RELAY

HEALTHY

ALARM

C GRP

ENT
ES

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Hardware of PCS-9611
• Rear view of PCS-9611
1 2 3 4 6 7 8 9

NR4106A NR4412 NR4521 NR4503 NR4304

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Hardware of PCS-9611
• CPU module 4106AA 4106AB 4106AC

TX
RX

TX
RX

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Hardware of PCS-9611
• CPU module
4106AC

TX

RX

TX

RX

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Hardware of PCS-9611
• AI module (6I5U)

Device Settings/Opt_CT_Measmt
4412
=0 metering current is based on protection CT
301 302 =1 metering current is based on metering CT
303 304
305 306
307 308
No. Description No. Description No. Description
309 310
311 312 301 Ua 310 I02n 319 I0s
313 314
302 Ub 311 Ia 320 I0sn
315 316
317 318 303 Uc 312 Ian 321 Not used
319 320
304 Un 313 Ib 322 Not used
321 322
323 324 305 Ux 314 Ibn 323 Not used
306 Uxn 315 Ic 324 Not used
307 U0 316 Icn
308 U0n 317 I01
309 I02 318 I01n www.nrec.com 16
Hardware of PCS-9611
• AI module (9I5U)

Device Settings/Opt_CT_Measmt
4412
=0 metering current is based on protection CT
301 302 =1 metering current is based on metering CT
303 304
305 306
307 308
No. Description No. Description No. Description
309 310
311 312 301 Ua 310 I02n 319 I0s
313 314
302 Ub 311 Ia 320 I0sn
315 316
317 318 303 Uc 312 Ian 321 Iam
319 320
304 Un 313 Ib 322 Iamn
321 322
323 324 305 Ux 314 Ibn 323 Ibm
325 326 306 Uxn 315 Ic 324 Ibmn
307 U0 316 Icn 325 Icm
308 U0n 317 I01 326 Icmn
309 I02 318 I01n www.nrec.com 17
Hardware of PCS-9611
4503
• BI module 01 BI_01+

02 BI_01-

03 BI_02+

04 BI_02-

05 BI_03

06 BI_04

07 BI_05

08 BI_06

09 BI_07

10 BI_08

11 BI_09

12 BI_10

13 BI_11

14 BI_12

15 BI_13

16 BI_14

17 BI_15

18 BI_16

19 BI_17

20 BI_18

21 BI_19

22 Opto-

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Hardware of PCS-9611
NR4521C
• BO module 01
BO_01
02
03
BO_02
Tripping contact 04
05
BO_03
Input Signal 06

& 07
BO_04
08
Fault Detector (FD) 09
BO_05
10
11
BO_06
12
Signaling contact 13
BO_07
14
15
BO_08
16
Input Signal
17
BO_09
18
19
BO_10
20
21
BO_11
22

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Hardware of PCS-9611
• Power supply module
Pin No. Sign Description
1 SIG_COM Signal common output terminal
NR4304 2 BO_Fail_Device Failure signal output

3 BO_Alm_Device Alarming signal output


01 4 The No.1 programmable tripping and closing binary output.
02 BO_01
It is also a self-latched output contact.
03 5
04 6
05 The No.2 programmable tripping and closing binary output.
BO_02
It is also a self-latched output contact.
06 7
07 8
08 BO_03 The No.3 programmable tripping and closing binary output.
09 9
10
10
11 BO_04 The No.4 programmable tripping and closing binary output.
12 11
13
12
14 BO_05 The No.5 programmable tripping and closing binary output.
15 13
16
17 14
BO_06 The No.6 programmable tripping and closing binary output.
18 15
19
20 PWR+ 16
BO_07 The No.7 programmable tripping and closing binary output.
21 PWR- 17
22 GND
18
BO_08 The No.8 programmable tripping and closing binary output.
19

20 PSW+ DC power supply positive input

21 PSW- DC power supply negative input


NR4304A 22 GND Grounded terminal
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Hardware of PCS-9611 Bit No. Corresponding Binary Output
0 B09.BO_01

• XXX.OutMap: 0~0xFFFFF 1 B09.BO_02


Option module 2 B09.BO_03
B03 B06 B09
3 B09.BO_04
NR4521C NR4521C NR4304
4 B09.BO_05
01 01 01 SIG_COM 01
BO_01 BO_01
02 02 02 Fail_Device 02 5 B09.BO_06
03 03 03 Alm_Device 03
BO_02 BO_02 6 B09.BO_07
04 04 04 04
BO_01
05 05 05 05 7 B09.BO_08
BO_03 BO_03
06 06 06 06
BO_02 8 B06.BO_01
07 07 07 07
BO_04 BO_04
08 08 08 08 9 B06.BO_02
BO_03
09 09 09 09
BO_05 BO_05 10 B06.BO_03
10 10 10 10
BO_04
11 11 11 11 11 B06.BO_04
BO_06 BO_06
12 12 12 12
BO_05 12 B06.BO_05
13 13 13 13
BO_07 BO_07
14 14 14 14 13 B06.BO_06
BO_06
15 15 15 15
BO_08 BO_08 14 B03.BO_01
16 16 16 16
BO_07
17 17 17 17 15 B03.BO_02
BO_09 BO_09
18 18 18 18
BO_08 16 B03.BO_03
19 19 19 19
BO_10 BO_10
20 20 20 PSW+ 20 17 B03.BO_04
21 21 21 PSW- 21
BO_11 BO_11 18 B03.BO_05
22 22 22 GND 22
19 www.nrec.com
B03.BO_06 21
Hardware of PCS-9611
• Example
- 50/51P1.OutMap

-F67 PCS-9611
-TS3 -TS4
-XT2:1 9 10 601 602 12 11 -XT2:2
To Lockout Relay

-XT2:3 17 18 603 604 20 19 -XT2:4


Spare

-XT2:5 605 606 -XT2:6


To Fault Record

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Functions of PCS-9611
- 64 latest fault record (COMTRADE file format)

- 1024 latest supervision events, 1024 latest control operation events

- 1024 SOE events, 1024 user operation records

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Function Diagram
• Function diagram
Busbar
1
PCS-9611

52
79 25 VTS
3

27 59 47 59G 81U 81O 81R


3

50P 51P 67P CTS 49 46 46BC 50BF


1

50G 51G SOTF 67G


1

51SG 67SG FDR

Feeder
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Functions of PCS-9611
• Overcurrent protection
- Four-stage independent phase overcurrent protection

- Stage 1 to 4 can be controlled by voltage control element, directional


element and second harmonic blocking element

- Stage 3 and 4 can be set as IDMT overcurrent protection

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Functions of PCS-9611
• Directional element for OC protection
Phase of Operate
Polarizing Voltage
protection current
Phase A Ia> Ubc
Phase B Ib> Uca
Phase C Ic> Uab
operate -90°

- Forward direction
Ua Ia
90  arg U  arg I  RCA  90restrain
+90°
- Reverse fault RCA Ubc

90  arg U  arg I  RCA  270


Uc Ub
Ubc

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Functions of PCS-9611
• Example
- 50/51P.RCA: -45°

- 50/51P.Opt_Dir: 1 (forward direction)

forward
Ia_ang_max=135° Ia
Ua

reversal
RCA=-45° Ubc

Uc Ub
Ubc

Ia_ang_min=-45°
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Functions of PCS-9611
• Directional element for OC protection
- If the setting 50/51P.En_VTS_Blk is 1, when VT is failed, overcurrent
protection will be blocked

- If the setting 50/51P.En_VTS_Blk is 0, when VT is failed, overcurrent


protection will revert to no-directional

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Functions of PCS-9611
• Inverse definite minimum time overcurrent protection
2.50
- 5 IEC IDMT curves
Ip=2A, Tp=0.05s
- 7 IEEE IDMT curves
2.00

- 1 programmable curve

1.50
standard inverse
 k 
t  
 C   TP very inverse

 (I I P ) 1
extremely inverse
 1.00

0.50

0.00
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22

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Functions of PCS-9611
• Inverse definite minimum time overcurrent protection
Setting Standard Time Characteristic k α C
1 IEC Standard inverse 0.14 0.02 0
2 IEC Very inverse 13.5 1 0
3 IEC Extremely inverse 80 2 0
4 IEC Short time inverse 0.05 0.04 0
5 IEC Long time inverse 120 1 0
6 IEEE(ANSI) Extremely inverse 28.2 2 0.1217
7 IEEE(ANSI) Very inverse 19.61 2 0.491
8 IEEE(ANSI) Inverse 0.0086 0.02 0.0185
9 IEEE(ANSI) Moderately inverse 0.0515 0.02 0.114
10 IEEE(ANSI) Long time extremely inverse 64.07 2 0.25
11 IEEE(ANSI) Long time very inverse 28.55 2 0.712
12 IEEE(ANSI) Long time inverse 0.086 0.02 0.185
13 User programmable www.nrec.com 30
Functions of PCS-9611
• Zero-sequence overcurrent protection
- Two groups of zero-sequence overcurrent protections

- No.1 group has 6 stages, No. 2 group has 4 stages

- Stage 1 to 4 can be controlled by directional element and harmonic


blocking element.

- Stage 3 and 4 zero-sequence overcurrent protection can be set as


inverse definite minimum time(IDMT) characteristic

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Functions of PCS-9611
• Directional element for ROC
- Forward direction

90  arg U 0  arg I 0  RCA  90


- Reverse direction
90  arg U 0  arg I 0  RCA  270 operate

+90°
restrain
3I0
RCA
3U0

Ubc

-90°
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Functions of PCS-9611
• Example
- 50/51G1.RCA: -135°

- 50/51G1.Opt_Dir: 1 (forward direction)

3I0_ang_min=45°

3I0

RCA=-135°
3U0
Forward

reversal
3I0_ang_max=225°
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Functions of PCS-9611
• Negative-sequence overcurrent protection
- Two -stage negative-sequence overcurrent protection

- Stage 2 can be set as inverse definite minimum time(IDMT)


characteristic

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Functions of PCS-9611
• Broken conductor protection
- The relay is based on the ratio of negative to positive sequence
current (Ι2/Ι1).

SET I2/I1>[50BC.I2/I1_set]
EN 50BC.En T_I2/I1 0
& [Op_I2/I1]
EN 50BC.En1
BI 50BC.Blk

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Functions of PCS-9611
• Switch-onto-fault protection (SOFT)
- Optional SOFT mode
- Independent setting for overcurrent protection and zero-sequence
overcurrent protection

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Functions of PCS-9611
• Under frequency protection
- 4-stage under frequency protection

- The protection will be blocked when the frequency is less than fn-15
Hz or higher than fn+15 Hz for more than 200ms

SET Uab>[81.Upp_VCE]
SET Ubc>[81.Upp_VCE] &
SET Uca>[81.Upp_VCE] T_UF1 0 81U1.Op

SET F<[81U1.f_Set] &

EN 81U1.EN

BI 81U1.EN1

BI 81U1.Blk

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Functions of PCS-9611
• Auto-recloser
- Auto-recloser ready conditions

 CB is closed manually and tripped position (BI_52b) is 0

 Any protection element is not in pickup status

 Blocking signal of AR “79.Blk” is 0

 the binary input of the operation circuit status of the CB (BI_LowPres_Cls) is 0

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Functions of PCS-9611
- Auto-recloser ready conditions

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Functions of PCS-9611
- Auto-recloser startup conditions
 Protection elements initiate auto-reclosing relay

Overload element, frequency element, BF protection etc. will not


initiate auto-reclosing relay

 Take into account the current to improve the reliability

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Protection Functions
• Time sequence diagram for a successful 2 shots AR
Instant of fault
operate reset operate reset

protection
Tripping coil CB closing coil CB Tripping coil CB closing coil CB
energized open energized close energized open energized close

Circuit breaker

AR ready

process

Dead time
Dead time Dead time

Reclaim time
Reclaim time
Reclaim time
t

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Protection Functions
• Time sequence diagram for an unsuccessful 2 shots AR

Instant of fault
operate reset operate reset operate reset

protection
Tripping coil CB closing coil CB Tripping coil CB closing coil CB Tripping coil CB
energized open energized close energized open energized close energized open

Circuit breaker

AR ready

process

Dead time
Dead time Dead time

Reclaim time
Reclaim time Reclaim time
t
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Functions of PCS-9611
• Auto-recloser blocking logic
- Open CB manually or from remote tripping command
- Dead check mode is active but [VTS.Alm_SynVT]=1 or [VTS.Alm]=1
- Control circuit of CB is failed (Alm_TCCS=1)
- Receive external blocking signal (79.Blk)
- CB is not in healthy status (BI_LowPres_Cls=1)
- The last auto-reclosing command has been issued

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Functions of PCS-9611
• VT circuit supervision
- Protection VT circuit failure supervision
1. U1<30V and any phase current is greater than 0.04In
2. U2>8V
Any one of the two conditions is satisfied, VTS_Alm signal will be issued 10s
later.
When VT status returns to normal condition, VTS_Alm will release 1.25s later.

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Functions of PCS-9611
• CT circuit supervision
1. The calculated zero sequence current is greater than the setting
[CTS.3I0_Set]
2. The calculated zero sequence voltage is less than the setting
[CTS.3U0_Set]

The two conditions are all satisfied, CTS.Alm signal will be issued 10s
later.

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Thanks for Your Attention!
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Version 2012
Copyright 2012 NR Electric Co., Ltd. All rights reserved