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Sequence Impedance
Sequence Networks Most Searched Terms
Transposition of
Conductors
Definition: The sequence impedance network is defined as a balance equivalent Star Delta Starter
Symmetrical network for the balance power system under an imagined working condition so
Peak Value, Average Value and RMS
Components that only single sequence component of voltage and current is present in the
Value
system. The symmetrical components are useful for computing the
Bus Admittance
unsymmetrical fault at different points of a power system network. The positive Active, Reactive and Apparent Power
Matrix
sequence network determines the load flow studies in power system.
Electrical Bus-Bar and its Types
ABCD Parameters of
Transmission Line Every power system has three sequence network (positive, negative and zero Emf Equation of a DC Generator
sequence networks) and these networks carrying three sequence current. These
Insulation Co- Electrical Earthing
sequence currents interconnect in different ways to represent a different
ordination
unbalance fault condition. These sequence current and voltage are calculated Two Wattmeter Method of Power
Circuit Analysis of 3 during the fault due to which actual current and voltage can be determined. Measurement
Phase System –
Reciprocity Theorem
Balanced Condition The positive network is considered in the analysis of symmetrical fault. The
positive sequence network is the same as that of the sequence reactance or Eddy Current Loss
Solid Grounding
impedance network. The negative sequence network is similar to the positive
Excitation System
Single Line Diagram of sequence network only difference is that the negative sequence network is of
Power System opposite sign to that of the positive sequence impedance. The zero sequence
network will be internally free of the internal fault point and the flow of current
Single Line Diagram of being caused by the voltage at the fault point.
Power Supply System
New Additions

Methods of Measurements
Sequence Network For Fault Calculation
Common Terms Wagner Earthing Device

Synchronous Machine The fault in the power system means the system is put into an unbalanced state Power in AC Circuit
of operation. The unbalanced position of the power system is replaced by the
Regenerative Braking Optical Pyrometer
balanced, positive set and a symmetrical balanced negative sequence set and a
Thevenin’s Theorem single phase zero sequence set. When the fault occurs in the system, it is Photoelectric Tachometer
considered that the three sequence set is injected into the system. The post
Auto Transformer Difference Between LVDT & RVDT
fault voltage and current are determined by the response of the system of each
Armature Winding component set. Difference Between Active & Reactive
Power
DC Machine For determining the response of the system three sequence component is used.
Considered that the each sequence network is replaced by the Thevenin’s Maximum Demand Indicator
RLC Series Circuit
equivalent circuit between two points. The each sequence network can be Hot Wire Anemometer
RS Flip Flop reduced to a single voltage and single impedance shown in the figure below. The
sequence network is represented by the box in which the one point is the fault Difference Between Eddy Current &
Power Triangle
point, and the other is the zero potential of the reference bus N. Hysteresis Loss
Parallel Resonance

Categories

Circuit Theory

Comparisons

DC Machines

Electrical Drives

Electrical Instrumentation

Electrical Machines

For positive sequence network, the Thevenin voltage is the open circuit Electrical Measurement

voltage VF at point F. The voltage Vf is the pre-fault voltage in phase a, at the Electrical Terms
fault point F. The Eg also represents it. Thevenin voltage in negative and zero
sequence networks are zero because the negative and zero sequences voltage Electronic Instrumentation

at the fault point are zero in the balanced system. Electronic Terms

The current Ia flows from the system into the fault, thus its component Ia0, Ia1, Induction Motor

and Ia2 flow away from the fault point F. The symmetrical component of the
Magnetic Circuit
voltage at the fault point may be written as
Power Systems

Special Machines

Switchgear and Protection

Synchronous Machines
Where Z0, Z1 and the Z2 are the total equivalent impedance of the zero, positive
and negative sequence network up to the fault point. Transformer

Related Terms:
 0 Circuit Globe
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1. Symmetrical Components

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 4. Single Line Diagram of Power System


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5. Line-to-Line Fault


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 0 The active power is the useful power


and the reactive power is the waste

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