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HW on Pressure

Homework on Pressure
Year 8 Checkpoint Science

Answer key
included!
HW on Pressure Name: ...................................................................... Date:........................
Solid Pressure
1. Write the formula for solid pressure.

2. The SI unit for pressure is N/m2. 1 N/m2= ...............................


3. ............................. is the force produced on an object due to gravity.
4. Figure shows four different positions of a person. Observe the figure carefully and answer the questions
below.

a) At which position the person is exerting the greatest pressure? Give a reason.
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b) At which position the person is exerting the least pressure? Give a reason.
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5. Two boys X and Y each have the same total weight and are standing on soft ground.

Which boy is more likely to sink into the soft ground and why?
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HW on Pressure
6. A pin is squeezed between finger and thumb.

Complete the sentences using same as/ greater than/less than


a) The force on the pin head is ............................... the force on the thumb.
b) The pressure on the pinhead is ................................. the pressure on the thumb.

7. A small table weighing 40 N stands on four legs, each having an area of 0.001 m2. What is the pressure of the table?

Liquid pressure
8. Write the formula for liquid pressure.

9. Four beakers contain the same liquid.

a) At which point is the pressure the greatest? ........................................


b) At which point is the pressure the least? ........................................
c) Which property of liquid pressure you used to explain the above questions.
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HW on Pressure

10. The diagrams show liquids in containers.


a) Which column of liquid exerts the greatest pressure on the
base of its container?

b) Which properties of liquid pressure you used to identify the


correct answer for the above questions.
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11. The diagrams show, to the same scale, the vertical sections of a set of circular vessels. Each vessel
contains the same depth of water.

Complete the sentences using same as/ greater than/less than (you can use the same choice multiple times)
a) The pressure exerted by the water on the base of vessel P is ................................ that on the base of Q.
b) The pressure exerted by the water on the base of vessel Q is ............................... that on the base of R.
c) The pressure exerted by the water on the base of vessel R is ............................... that on the base of S.
d) The pressure exerted by the water on the base of vessel S is ...............................that on the base of P.
d) Which property of liquid pressure you used to answer for the above questions.
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12. Figure shows a car jack which is an example of hydraulic machines.
a) State the principle used in hydraulic machines.
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HW on Pressure
b) Why do hydraulic systems use liquids instead of gases?
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c) Using the ideas about particles, explain what happens if there is an air bubble in the tube connecting the
pistons.
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d) If A1 = 0.01 m2, F1 = 15 N, calculate F2 if A2 = 0.1 m2.

F2 = ..........................................
Pressure in gases
13. The atmospheric pressure on Earth is about ......................................... We do not feel the pressure of air
pressing us down because air pressure acts ......................................................................................................
............................................................................................... Objects on Earth do not get crushed because the
pressure of air pushing the object down is ................................ by the pressure of air under the object to push
upwards. Air pressure at high altitudes ................................
14. What’s the name of the tube that helps equalize pressure in the ear?
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15. Ear popping
Use the appropriate words to fill the blanks: balance/ imbalance/ a difference in/ equal/
When we on Earth, the pressure inside the ear is ............................ to the atmospheric pressure. When we
climb a hill or fly by airplane, the middle ear experiences ................................... pressure. This
.............................. in the pressure makes our eardrum to bend outwards. The nerves in the ear communicate
to brain that your eardrum is bent out which is perceived by the brain as pain.
HW on Pressure

16. Figure shows a sink plunger and the questions are based on it. Tick the appropriate box
a) Before pressing the plunger
i) the pressures A and B are equal not equal
ii) the pressure B is acting downwards upwards
iii) the pressure A is acting downwards upwards
b) After pressing the plunger
i) the pressures A and B are equal not equal
ii) the pressure B is high low to keep the plunger in position.
iii) the pressure A is high low to keep the plunger in position.

17. Observe the picture carefully and fill in the blanks using
appropriate words:
low high equal pushes up pushes down
The .........................air pressure acting on the surface of the liquid

....................................... the liquid through the straw.

18. Crushing the can


HW on Pressure
Explain what happens in each step.
step1: .......................................................................................................................................................................
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step2: .......................................................................................................................................................................
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step 3: ......................................................................................................................................................................
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19. a) Hovercrafts are vehicles that can ride on air and travel over water. Label the parts of the hovercraft
shown.
1. ...........................................................................................................
2. ...........................................................................................................
3. ...........................................................................................................
4. ...........................................................................................................
b) Give the function of parts 1, 2 and 4
1. ...........................................................................................................
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2. ...........................................................................................................
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4. ...........................................................................................................
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