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# TRANSFORMERS

Transformers are devices that are able to change the size of the _______ and consequently the size of the
______ of __.C. electricity.
They are able to do this by using the __________ Currents to create changing ______ fields in the iron
core at the centre of a coil of wire that has a known number of coils.
This, the first coil the electrical energy passes through, is called the ______ coil .
These changing magnetic fields are carried through the ____ core, and these fields then spring in and out
of the iron core to cut another ____ of ____ with a different number of coils than the first.
This second coil that the electrical energy passes through is called the _________ coil. As the changing
________ field lines cut through the _________ coil they create changing ________. The more coils there
are in the secondary, the more ________ that is created by the field lines cutting through them.
ALTHOUGH THE VOLTAGE MAY INCREASE, _______ CANNOT BE CREATED NOR
DESTROYED AND SO THE_______ MUST DECREASE TO KEEP
THE POWER IN AND THE POWER OUT THE SAME.
THIS MEANS TRANSFORMERS ARE (ALMOST) ____% EFFICIENT.

iron core VS = NS = IP
IP IS VP NP IS
VP NP NS VS
POWER OUT = POWER IN
VS x IS = VP x IP
Where VS is the ………………………………………………..
Vp is the ………………………………………………..
IS is the ………………………………………………..
IP is the ………………………………………………..
NS is the ………………………………………………..
NP is the ………………………………………………..

The ratio of coils is the same as the ratio of _________, and the inverse of the ratio of __________.
If the voltage increases it is a STEP ____ transformer. If the voltage decreases it is a STEP ____.

## NP NS Vp IP POWER IN VS IS POWER OUT Up/Down?

100 1000 200V 6A x = x =
2500 500 3000V 1A
200 50 000V 1000V 10A
2000 5A 5000W 200V
10000 250A 4000V 10 000W
200mA 2MW 30A

## Where would you find the step up transformers?

Where would you find the step down transformers?