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Chapter 27 : Charged Particles

Q1- Predict the direction of the force on a charge moving in a magnetic

Field.

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Test Yourself 1: In the diagram in Figure 27.5, radiation from a
radioactive material passes through a region of uniform magnetic field.
State whether each type of radiation has positive or negative charge, or
is uncharged.

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Q2- Recall and solve problems using F = BQv sin θ

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Example
Q3- Describe and analyse qualitatively the deflection of beams of
charged particles by uniform electric and uniform magnetic fields

1- Deflection by uniform electric field:

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- Deflection by uniform Magnetic field:


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Test yourself 2- A beam of electrons, moving at 1.0 × 106 m s−1, is
directed through a magnetic field of flux density 0.50 T. Calculate the
force on each electron when a the beam is at right angles to the
magnetic field, and b the beam is at an angle of 45° to the field.

Test yourself 3- Positrons are particles identical to electrons, except


that their charge is positive (+e). Use a diagram to explain how a
magnetic field could be used to separate a mixed beam of positrons
and electrons.
Test yourself- An electron is travelling at right angles to a uniform
magnetic field of flux density 1.2 mT. The speed of the electron is 8.0 ×
106 m s−1. Calculate the radius of circle described by this electron. (For
an electron, charge e = 1.60 × 10−19 C and mass me = 9.11 ×10−31 kg.)

4- Explain how electric and magnetic fields can be used in velocity


selection

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This question is about the velocity selector shown in Figure 27.11.

a) State the directions of the magnetic and electric forces on a


positively charged ion travelling towards the slit S.

b) The speed of the ion is given by the equation: V=E/B

Calculate the speed of an ion emerging from the slit S when the
magnetic flux density is 0.30 T and the electric field strength is 1.5 × 103
V m−1.

c )Explain why ions travelling at a speed greater than your answer to b


will not emerge from the slit.
Q5-

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Test yourself 6- An electron beam in a vacuum tube is directed at right
angles to a magnetic field, so that it travels along a circular path.
Predict the effect on the size and shape of the path that would be
produced (separately) by each of the following changes:

a) increasing the magnetic flux density

b) Reversing the direction of the magnetic field

c) Slowing down the electrons

d) Tilting the beam, so that the electrons have a component of velocity


along the magnetic field.

Q6-

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8 A Hall probe is designed to operate with a steady current of 0.020 A


flowing through a semiconductor slice of thickness 0.05 mm. The
number density of electrons in the semiconductor is 1.5 × 1023 m−3.

a) Determine the Hall voltage which will result when the probe is placed
in a magnetic field of flux density 0.10 T. (Electron charge = 1.60 ×
10−19 C.)

b) Explain why the current in the Hall probe must be maintained at a


constant value.

9 Suggest how the Hall effect could be used to determine the number
density of conducting charges in a semiconducting material.