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Welcome

to
Rushi Ion Exchange
Pvt. Ltd.
Address: 202/2 Angel Complex, Stadium Cross Road, Income Tax Circle,
Ahmedabad.
Web: www.rushigroup.com
email: info@rushigroup.com
Rushi Ion Exchange -
About Us Confidential

Establised by a Group of consultant.

Rich experience in the field

Water Treatment
Project Management Consultancy

Our Valuable Clients:


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Continue…..
Confidential

Growth Rate over 100%

A team of 40.

United as
Marketing,
Finance,
Engineering,
Rushi Ion Exchange -
What We Do Confidential

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Rushi Ion Exchange -
Our Approach
Confidential

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Confidential

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Rushi Ion Exchange -
Water Impurities Confidential

Constituent Difficulties Caused


Means of Treatment
Turbidity imparts unsightly appearance to water; deposits in coagulation, settling, and filtration
water lines, process equipment, etc.; interferes with
most process uses
Hardness chief source of scale in heat exchange equipment, softening; demineralization; internal
boilers, pipe lines, etc.; forms curds with soap, boiler water treatment; surface
interferes with dyeing, etc. active agents
Alkalinity foam and carryover of solids with steam; lime and lime-soda softening; acid
embrittlement of boiler steel; bicarbonate and treatment; hydrogen zeolite
carbonate produce CO2 in steam, a source of softening; demineralization
corrosion in condensate lines dealkalization by anion exchange
Free Mineral Acid corrosion neutralization with alkalies
corrosion in water lines, particularly steam and aeration, deaeration, neutralization
Carbon Dioxide
condensate lines with alkalies
pH varies according to acidic or alkaline solids in pH can be increased by alkalies and
PH water; most natural waters have a pH of 6.0-8.0 decreased by acids
adds to solids content of water, but in itself is not
demineralization, reverse osmosis,
Sulfate usually significant, combines with calcium to form
electrodialysis, evaporation
calcium sulfate scale
adds to solids content and increases corrosive demineralization, reverse osmosis,
Chloride
character of water electrodialysis, evaporation
adds to solids content, but is not usually significant
industrially: high concentrations cause demineralization, reverse osmosis,
Nitrate
methemoglobinemia in infants; useful for control of electrodialysis, evaporation
boiler metal embrittlement
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Water Impurities Confidential

Constituent Difficulties Caused


Means of Treatment
cause of mottled enamel in teeth; also used for adsorption with magnesium
Fluoride control of dental decay: not usually significant hydroxide, calcium phosphate, or
industrially bone black; alum coagulation
adds to solids content of water: when combined with
demineralization, reverse osmosis,
Sodium OH-, causes corrosion in boilers under certain
electrodialysis, evaporation
conditions
hot and warm process removal by
magnesium salts; adsorption by
scale in boilers and cooling water systems; insoluble
Silica highly basic anion exchange resins,
turbine blade deposits due to silica vaporization
in conjunction with demineralization,
reverse osmosis, evaporation
aeration; coagulation and filtration;
discolors water on precipitation; source of deposits
lime softening; cation exchange;
Iron in water lines, boilers. etc.; interferes with dyeing,
contact filtration; surface active
tanning, papermaking, etc.
agents for iron retention
Manganese same as iron same as iron
usually present as a result of floc carryover from
improved clarifier and filter
Aluminum clarifier; can cause deposits in cooling systems and
operation
contribute to complex boiler scales
corrosion of water lines, heat exchange equipment, deaeration; sodium sulfite; corrosion
Oxygen
boilers, return lines, etc. inhibitors
aeration; chlorination; highly basic
Hydrogen Sulfide cause of "rotten egg" odor; corrosion
anion exchange
corrosion of copper and zinc alloys by formation of cation exchange with hydrogen
Ammonia
complex soluble ion zeolite; chlorination; deaeration
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential

DIFFERENT WATER
FILTRATION METHODS
Distillation
Ion Exchange
Carbon Adsorption
Filtration
Ultra filtration
Reverse Osmosis
Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation
Nano filtration
Microfiltration
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Sources of Water
Contamination
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Second level
● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Water Treatment
Solutions
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edit MasterWater)
text styles
Water Softening Solution
Second
De-Mineralization level
Plants
● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level

Reverse Osmosis

Filtration

Mineral Water Plant


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Confidential

Water Softening
Solutions
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Water softening is the act of reducing the dissolved 

calcium, magnesium ion concentration in hardSecond


water.level
●Third level
Ion Exchange Process takes place inside water Softener.

● Fourth level

● Fifth
The water to be treated passes through a bed of the
• resin. level

Negatively-charged resins absorb and bind metal ions,


which are positively charged.

A cationic resin is used to remove calcium and magnesium


ions then regeneration is usually effected by passing a


concentrated brine, usually of sodium chloride 
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Inside a Softener Confidential

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Second level
● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Snapshots
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Second level
● Third level
● Fourth level
● Fifth level
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Standard Models
Model Flow (M3) Pressure (Kg/cm2) Output/Regenerati Salt Required
on (M3) (Kg)
Min Max Min Max

RIES-3 0.25 0.1 3.5 1 1 0.8


RIES-16 0.3 0.1 3.5 1.7 4 2.2
RIES-36 1.8 0.2 3.5 1.7 9 4.5
RIES-60 3 0.3 3.5 1.7 15 7
RIES-
3 0.3 3.5 1.7 25 11
100
RIES-
8.5 0.9 3.5 1.7 45 20
180
RIES-
12.5 1.2 3.5 1.7 65 30
260
RIES-
18 1.8 3.5 1.7 100 60
400
RIES-
23 2.3 3.5 1.7 200 100
800
RIES-
Output per Regeneration based on raw water hardness of 200 ppm as
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Reverse Osmosis Plants
•Reverse osmosis (RO) is a filtration method Click to edit Master text styles
that removes many types of
large molecules and ions from solutions by
Second level
applying pressure to the solution when it is on Third level

one side of a selective membrane. ● Fourth level

● Fifth level
•Reverse osmosis is most commonly known for
its use in drinking water
purification from seawater, removing
the salt and other substances from the water
molecules.

Pretreatment is important when working with


RO membranes.

The pump supplies the pressure needed to


push water through the membrane, even as


the membrane rejects the passage of salt
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Second level
● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level
Snapshots
Confidential
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
RO Flow Diagram
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Standard Models
Flow/Hr
Sr. No. Model
(lts)
1. RIER-50 50
2. RIER-125 125
3. RIER-250 250
4. RIER-500 500
5. RIER-1000 1000
6. RIER-1500 1500
7. RIER-2000 2000
8. RIER-2500 2500
9. RIER-3000 3000
10. RIER-4000 4000
11. RIER-5000 5000
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Mineral Water Plant
The demand for mineral water is increasing at a

rapid rate, as people become more health


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conscious and take precautions against water Second level
borne diseases.● Third level
Bottled mineral water provides easy ● Fourth level
transportability and assured water quality.
Fifth level

The Project involves machinery for


o
Water Purification.
o
Bottle Manufacturing.
o
Automatic Bottle Packing.
o
Bottle Labeling.
o
Pouch Packing. 

The Capacity of plant is ranges from 1000 LPH to


50,000 LPH.
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Why Do People Drink
Bottled Water?
Health

Convenience

Safety
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential

Snapshots

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Second level
● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level
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a
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Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential

Snapshots-Pouch
Packing
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Second level
● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential

Snapshots-Bottle Packing

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Second level
● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential

Sale Of Bottled Water


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Confidential
Standard Models
Sr. Model No. Flow UV Ozonator Pouch Bottling Jar
lts/hr Packing Washing
1 RIEM-500 500 √ √ √ X X
2 RIEM-1000 1000 √ √ √ √ √

3 RIEM-1500 15000 √ √ √ √ √

4 RIEM-2000 2000 √ √ √ √ √

5 RIEM-4000 4000 √ √ √ √ √

6 RIEM-5000 5000 √ √ √ √ √

7 RIEM-7500 7500 √ √ √ √ √
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
De-Mineralization Plants
Demineralization or Deionization is the process of

removing mineral salts from water by using the ion


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exchange process.
Second level
•A Typical two-bed DM Plant consists of two FRP/MS● Third level
Pressure vessels connected in series along with its ● Fourth level
internal fittings. ● Fifth level

The water obtained by this process shows


conductivity less than 20 µ S / cm at 25o C and total


dissolved solids less than 10 ppm.

There are four distinct stages in the operation of


Deionizers

• Service 
• Backwashing 
• Regeneration
• Rinse/remix
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Snapshots
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Second level
● Third level
● Fourth level
● Fifth level
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Standard Models
Sr. No. Model Flow (M3) Regenerates Output/Regenera
Min Max Acid Base tion (M3)
(M3/hr) (M3/hr) (30%) (Kg.)
1 RIED-10 0.2 0.05 3 1 0.35
2 RIED-20 0.4 0.1 7 2 0.65
3 RIED-30 0.6 0.12 10 3 1
4 RIED-50 1 0.2 15 4.5 2
5 RIED-100 2 0.5 30 8 4
6 RIED-150 3 0.75 43 11 5.5
7 RIED-200 5 1 60 17 7.5
8 RIED-300 7.5 1.5 85 25 10.5
9 RIED-400 10 2 115 32 14
10 RIED-500 15 3 150 40 17
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Filtration
•Filtration is used to separate particles and fluid
Click
to edit Master text style
in a suspension.
Second level
which Third level

Microfiltration is
• a filtration process
removes contaminants from a fluid (liquid & gas) ● Fourth level
by passage through a micro porous membrane. ● Fifth level
A typical microfiltration membrane pore size
range is 0.1 to 10 micrometres (µm).

•Ultrafiltration (UF) is a variety of membrane


filtration in which hydrostatic pressure forces a
liquid against a semipermeable membrane.

Nanofiltration (NF) is a cross-flow filtration technology which ranges


somewhere between ultrafiltration (UF) and reverse osmosis (RO). The


nominal pore size of the membrane is typically about 1nanometre
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Snapshots
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Second level
● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level
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Confidential
Water Treatment
Solutions
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Second level
(Waste Water)
● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Types of Reuse
 Urban Reuse  Industrial Reuse
 Irrigation of parks,  Cooling water
highway medians, golf  Boiler make-up water
courses, etc.  Industrial process water
 Commercial uses such as  Agricultural reuse
vehicle washing, window  Environmental and
washing, etc. recreational
 Fire protection  To create, restore,
 Dust control and concrete
and/or enhance wetlands
production  Recreational and
 Toilet and urinal flushing
aesthetic impoundments
 Groundwater recharge

 Augmentation of potable
supplies
Reclaimed wastewater is an increasingly important source of
supply
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Wastewater Treatment
for Reuse
Challenges Solutions Economic Benefits
Variable Advanced Reduced raw water
wastewater flow separations costs
and concentration technologies Reduced discharge
Fugitive emissions Production Process costs
High operating cost modification Increased
Solids Disposal Segregation of sustainability
waste streams New Revenue source
Compliance
Zero liquid Faster permitting
discharge time
Sell effluent
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Confidential
Technology Exists to Reuse
Wastewater
Inorganic Organic Waste Heavy Metals /
Waste Complex
UF + EDR MBR + RO Waste
ZLD
UF + RO MBR + EDR
Rushi Ion Exchange -

Water Supply Solutions Confidential

•Water resources are sources of water that


are useful or potentially useful to humans.
Uses of waterClick to edit Master text styles
include agricultural, industrial, household, recrSecond level
eational and environmental activities. ● Third level

● Fourth level
● Fifth level
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Engineering Solutions
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Second level
● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Project Management
Consultancy
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Second level
● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential

Consultancy Cycle
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Second level
● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level

Clien
t
Rushi
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
Boiler Feedwater

Purification
Boiler feedwater water and
steam purity requirements

• Methods of pretreatment of
feedwater

• Pretreatment Equipment for


boilers
– RO in front of demineralizers
– RO replacement of softeners
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Boiler feedwater quality Confidential

considerations
 Boiler pressure and superheater/turbine
steam purity requirements generally define
pretreatment and feedwater quality
requirements.
In general –
 Softened or single pass RO-quality make-up
< 600 psig
 Generally demineralized/MB or RO/EDI
make-up > 900 psig
RO – Reverse Osmosis
EDI - Electrodeionization
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Resin Based Pretreatment Confidential

Performance
System Typical Effluent Typical Boiler
Quality Operating
Pressure (psig)
Softener 0.2-1.0 ppm hardness 0 to 600
(no TDS reduction)
Dealkalizer 50 to 90% alkalinity 0 to 600
reduction
(no TDS reduction)
Standard two-bed <10 µmho 400 to 900
demineralizer <200 ppb silica

Two-bed demineralizer with <5 µmho 900 to 1,200


counterflow regeneration <50 ppb silica

Two-bed demineralizer with <0.1 µmho 1,200+


mixed bed polisher <10 ppb silica
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Questions Confidential

How do you determine what filtration method to use to remove


contaminants in a water sample?
Consider the size of the contaminants, the relative cost of the
filtration methods, and the water use
Rushi Ion Exchange -
Confidential
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