Sie sind auf Seite 1von 40

AMTI 5

N t
Networking:
ki Di
Discovery,
Communication Collaboration
Communication,

Antonius Rachmat C
Networked Devices

• N
Networked
t k dd devices
i are devices
d i th
thatt
communicate with a network.
• Technologies include laptops
laptops, PDAs
PDAs, cell and
smartphones, wikis, intranets, and extranets,
GPSs, POS terminals, and RFID which allow
i f
information
ti tto be
b rapidly
idl collected,
ll t d processed,d
shared, and acted upon for competitive survival
and
a d ad
advantage
a tage ta
taking.
g
• Feature-rich wireless devices make collaboration
easier and more productive which indicates a
more integrated,
i t t d always-connected
l t d business
b i
environment and lifestyle.

Copyright 2010 John Wiley & 4-2


Sons, Inc.
iPhone dan BlackBerry
Local Area Network (LAN)
• LAN consists of the following components:

– LAN file server is a repository of various software and data files


for the network

– Nodes are the client machines on the LAN

– Wired or wireless communication media that connects the


devices

4
Local Area Network (Continued)
(C ti d)

• LAN network interface card (NIC) is a special adapter


that links an individual device to the communication
medium and specifies:

– The rate of data transmission;

– The size of the message units;

– Addressing information attached to each message

– The network topology

• Network operating system (NOS) manages the server


and routes
ro tes and manages comm
communications
nications on the
network. 5
Network Operating System

1-19
Wide Area Network (WAN)
• Wide area networks (WANs) are networks that cover
large geographic areas.

– WANs typically connect multiple LANs

– WANs have large capacity and combine multiple channels


(fiber optic, satellite, microwave, etc.)

– WAN
WANs are provided
id d b
by common carriers,
i such
h as
telephone companies (Sprint, AT&T, etc.)

• Value-added network (VAN) are private, data-only


networks managed by outside third-parties that provide
these networks to multiple organizations.
7
Going Wireless
• Wifi - simple wireless networks

• WLAN - expanding the wireless connection

• WiMax - Long-range wireless

8
What is Wi-Fi?
Wi Fi?
• Short for wireless fidelity.
• It is a wireless technology that uses radio
frequency to transmit data through the air.
• Wi-Fi
Wi Fi iis b
basedd on th
the 802
802.11
11 standard:
t d d
– 802.11a
– 802.11b
– 802.11g
802 11g
• 802.16 WIMAX
802 11 Standard
802.11
• 802
802.11
11 is
i primarily
i il concernedd
with the lower layers of the
OSI model
model.
• Data Link Layer
– Logical Link Control (LLC).
– Medium Access Control (MAC).
• Physical
y Layer
y
– Physical Layer Convergence
Procedure (PLCP).
– Physical
Ph i l M Medium
di D
Dependent
d t
(PMD).
Bluetooth and WiFi Intelligence
Revolution

is the trade name for the popular wireless


technology used in home networks, mobile phones,
4-11
video games and more.
Bluetooth
• Bluetooth adalah sebuah teknologi komunikasi
wireless (tanpa kabel) yang beroperasi dalam pita
frekuensi 2,4 GHz
• Menyediakan layanan komunikasi data dan suara
secara real-time antara host-host bluetooth
d
dengan jjarak
k jjangkauan
k llayanan yang tterbatas.
b t
• Application Area:
– D
Data
t and d voice
i access points
i t
– Cable replacement
– Ad hoc networking
Bluetooth class
Bluetooth Layer
Bluetooth Profile
Voice Communication
• Examples
p of Internet telephony
p y ((VoIP))
The Network Computing
Infrastructure

Chapter 4 17
Framework for IT support of
Communication

Chapter 4 18
Finding Information

Chapter 4 19
Search Engine
Four Largest Search Engines

Google

Yahoo

Microsoft Network

Ask

Copyright 2010 John Wiley & 4-21


Sons, Inc.
Metasearch Engines

Surf-Wax

Metacrawler

Mamma
Metasearch Engine: sends user requests to several other search engines
and/or databases and aggregates the results into a single list or displays them
according to their source

Copyright 2010 John Wiley & 4-22


Sons, Inc.
Web 2.0
2 0 examples
• RSS delivery of content
• Blogs – Web logs + comments
• Wikis – content created in community
• Instant Messaging + SMS,
• Voice over IP – Ex: Skype
• Podcasting
Folksonomy / Tagging
• Folksonomi merupakan hasil pengategorian oleh
pengguna.
• Secara demokratis p pengguna
gg menerapkan
p tag
g sesuai
dengan kecocokan mereka terhadap isi materi.
• Folksonomi mengatasi kerumitan konsep kategori yang
terstruktur formal dan bertingkat yang disebut taksonomi
taksonomi.
• Kelemahan folksonomi misalnya tidak luput dari derau
(noise), bisa terjadi ada banyak tag/label yang
kosakatanya salah
salah, tidak semua user tag/label tersebut
cocok
Tagging
THE 1% RULE
applications
pp g
get better
1% Contribute
the more people use
them
10% Comment

100% Consume
Fitur Web 2.0
20
• Search
– Th
The ease off finding
fi di iinformation
f ti ththrough
h keyword
k d
search.

• Links
– Link g
guides to other relevant information.

• Authoring
– being the creation of a few to being constantly
updated.
– In wikis,
wikis the content is iterative in the sense that
users undo and redo each other's work.
– In blogs, content is cumulative in that posts and
comments of individuals are accumulated over
time.
Fitur Web 2.0
20
• Tags
T
– Categorization of content by creating tags: simple,
one-word
one word user-determined
user determined descriptions to facilitate
searching and avoid rigid, pre-made categories.

• Extensions
– Powerful algorithms that leverage the Web as an
application platform as well as a document server
server.

• Signals
– The use of RSS technology to rapidly notify users of
content changes.
Social Networking
Social Web / Network
• Identitas: siapakah Anda?
• Reputasi: apa pendapat orang tentang Anda?
– Karma?
• Keberadaan: dimanakah Anda?
• Hubungan: Anda terhubung dengan siapa? Siapa
yang Anda percaya?
– Social g
graph
p / friends
• Kelompok: bagaimana Anda mengorganisasikan
hubungan?
– Clique
• Percakapan: apa yang Anda diskusikan?
– Komentar-komentar
• B
Berbagi:
b i content
t t apa yang Anda
A d sediakan
di k b bagii
yang lain untuk beriteraksi?
– Status
Social Networking Shrinks the World

• S
Social
i l networking
t ki via
i mobile
bil phones
h iis shrinking
h i ki
the world to the size of a small screen.
• Micro-blogging is the sending of messages up to
140-160 characters.
• With more than 3 billion mobile handsets in use in
the world (1 for every 2 people on the planet) a
powerful force for changes in business and
collaboration as well as politics and societies
have emerged.
• News media,, universities,, public
p safety,
y, and other
organizations are using the technology to deliver
information to a wide audience quickly.

4-31
Adv & Disadv of Social Network
• Advantages
Ad t
– More Coverage
– Mobility
– Save time:upload a photo to Flickr in this two- or three-minute
gap while waiting for a bus
– Other capabilities: GPS

• Disadvantages
– text input speed (Qwerty? 2 vs 10 fingers)
– Screen size (Qvga, be very aware of image rendering speeds)
– Bandwidth & cost (be aware of download)
– No yet standards
Social Network Service
Collaboration….
Collaboration
Collaboration refers to efforts of two or more entities
(individuals, teams, groups or organizations) who work
together to accomplish certain tasks.
– Work group
– Virtual group (team)

• Groupware: e-Groupware
• Tele conferencing/Teleseminar: Adobe Acrobat
Connect
• Video conference : YM, Skype, Netmeeting
• Web
W b conferencing:Microsoft
f i Mi f Office
Offi Live
Li MMeeting,
i S
Soho
h
• Real time collaboration tool: Google Wave

4-34
Workflow and Groupware Technologies

4-35
Wiki System

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_wiki_software
Wikis: what for?
• Wiki
Wikipedia
di
• Documentation
• Collaboration -> flexible, simple freeform
project management
• Intranet or extranet based
• Great for unstructured content, can be
g
structured with categories, , tags,
g , data
trackers
Why use a wiki?
• Easy to learn – no HTML required
• Easy way to share knowledge
• Easy way to collaborate
• Ability to revert back to old versions
• Ability to track who’s
who s done what & where
• Collaboration among friends and/or
colleagues
Wiki features
• U
Use a standard
t d d web-browser
bb
• Shared,, editable
• Wysiwyg + wiki syntax for simple links and
formatting
• Powerful revision control: Every single
change
h iis ttracked.
k d Wh
Who/what/when
/ h t/ h + ability
bilit
to show the difference
• Email notification of changes (opt-in)
NEXT
• E-Business & E-Commerce