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# 1.

## Differentiate turbojet and turboprop propulsion engines with suitable diagrams

2.A turbojet engine operating at a Mach number of 0.8 and the altitude is 10Km has the following data.
Calorific value of the fuel is 42,899 kJ/Kg. thrust force is 50 kN, mass flow rate of air is 45 kg/s,
mass flow rate of fuel is 2.65 kg/s. determine the specific thrust, thrust specific fuel consumption, jet
velocity, thermal efficiency, propulsion efficiency and overall efficiency. Assuming the exit pressure is
equal to ambient pressure.

3. Write the equations to calculate propulsion efficiency and thermal efficiency of an aircraft.

4.A turbojet aircraft flies at 875 Kmph at an attitude of 10,000 m above mean sea level. Calculate i) air
flow rate through the engine, ii) thrust, iii) specific thrust, iv) specific impulse v) thrust power and TSFC
from the following data: Diameter of the air at inlet section = 0.75m Diameter of jet pipe at exit = 0.5m
Velocity of the gases at the exit of the jet pipe = 500m/s Pressure at the exit of the jet pipe = 0.30 bar Air
to fuel ratio = 40
5.Explain the principle of operation of a turbojet engine and state its advantages and disadvantage.
6. A rocket engine has the following data. Combustion chamber pressure is 38 bar, combustion chamber
temperature is 3500 K, oxidizer flow rate is 41.67 Kg/s, mixture ratio is 5, and the properties of exhaust
gases are Cp/Cv = 1.3 and R = 0.287 kJ/KgK. The expansion takes place to the ambient pressure of 0.0582
bar. Calculate the nozzle throat area, thrust, thrust coefficient, exit velocity of the exhaust and
maximum possible exhaust velocity.

7. Explain briefly about the propellant feed system of a liquid propellant rocket engine with suitable
schematic sketches.

8. A rocket has the following data: propellant flow rate = 5 Kg/s, Nozzle exit diameter = 10 cm, Nozzle
exit pressure = 1.02 bar, Ambient pressure = 1.013 bar, Thrust chamber pressure = 20 bar, Thrust = 7 KN.
Determine the effective jet velocity, actual jet velocity, specific impulse and the specific propellant
consumption. Recalculate the values of thrust and specific impulse for an altitude where the ambient
pressure is 10 m bar.
9. Explain with a neat sketch the working of a gas pressure feed system used in liquid propellant rocket
engines
10. The effective jet velocity from a rocket is 2700 m/s. The forwared flight velocity is 1350 m/s and the
propellant consumption is 78.6 kg/s. Calculate: thrust, Thrust power and propulsion efficiency.

11. A long pipe of 0.0254 m diameter has a mean coefficient of friction of 0.003. Air enters the pipe at a
mach number of 2.5, stagnation temperature 310 K and static pressure 0.507 bar. Determine for a
section at which the mach number reaches 1.2: i) Static pressure and temperature, ii) Stagnation
pressure and temperature, iii) Velocity of air, iv) Distance of this section from the inlet and v) mass flow
rate of air.

12. Explain with a neat sketch the working of a gas pressure feed system used in liquid propellant rocket
engines.

13.A turbojet propels an aircraft at a speed of 900 km/hr, while taking 3000 kg of air per minute. The
isentropic enthalpy drop in the nozzle is 200 kJ/kg and the nozzle efficiency is 90%.The air-fuel ratio is 85
and the combustion efficiency is 95%. The calorific value of the fuel is 42,000 kJ/Kg. Calculate: i) The
propulsion power, ii) Thrust power, iii) Thermal efficiency and iv) Propulsion efficiency.
14. Explain with a neat sketch the principle of operation of a ramjet engine and state its advantages and

15. The diameter of the propeller of an aircraft is 2.5m; it flies at a speed of 500 km/hr at an altitude of
8000 m. For a flight to jet speed ratio of 0.75, determine: the flow rate of air through the propeller,
thrust produced, specific thrust, specific impulse and thrust power.

16. Explain with a neat sketch the principle of operation of a turbojet engine and state its advantages

## 17. Derive the thrust equation for rocket engines

18. The effective jet velocity from a rocket is 2700 m/s. The forward flight velocity is 1350 m/s and the
propellant consumption is 78.6 kg/s. calculate: Thrust, Thrust power and Propulsive efficiency

19. Explain with a neat sketch the working of a turbo pump feed system used in liquid propellant rocket.

20. A rocket has the following data: propellant flow rate 5.0 kg/s, nozzle exit diameter = 10 cm; nozzle
exit pressure = 1.02 bar; ambient pressure = 1.013 bar; thrust chamber pressure = 20 bar; thrust = 7 kN.
Determine the effective jet velocity, actual jet velocity, specific impulse and the specific propellant
consumption.

21. Calculate the thrust, specific impulse propulsive efficiency, thermal and overall efficiencies of a
rocket engine from the following data: Effective jet velocity = 1250 m/s Flight to jet speed ratio = 0.8
Oxidizer flow rate = 3.5 kg/s Fuel flow rate = 1 kg/s Heat of reaction of exhaust gases = 2500 kJ/kg.
22. A rocket nozzle has an exit area ratio 3:1 with isentropic expansion. What will be the thrust per unit
area of exit and specific impulse if the combustion chamber temperature is 2973 K and pressure is 20
bar. Assume atm. pressure is 1 bar and R=0.287kJ/kg K and γ =1.3.
23. A turbo jet engine propels an aircraft at a Mach number of 0.8 in level flight at an altitude of 10 km
The data for the engine is given below: Stagnation temperature at the turbine inlet =1200 K Stagnation
temperature rise through the compressor = 175 K Calorific value of the fuel = 43 MJ/Kg
Compressor efficiency = 0.75 Combustion chamber efficiency = 0.975 Turbine efficiency =0.81
Mechanical efficiency of the power transmission between turbine and compressor =0.98
Exhaust nozzle efficiency =0.97 Specific impulse =25 seconds
24. Calculate the orbital and escape velocities of a rocket at mean sea level and an altitude of 300 km
from the following data: Radius of earth at mean sea level = 6341.6Km Acceleration due to gravity at
mean sea level = 9.809 m/s²

25. Explain the principle of operation of a turbojet engine and state its advantages and disadvantages.
26. Explain the working principle of turbofan engine and turbojet engine with a neat sketch.
27. A turbojet engine, flying at an altitude, receives air at 0.6 bar and 255K and it is compressed
through a compression ratio of 8, with an isentropic efficiency of 80%. Fuel with heating value of 40
MJ/kg is used to raise the temperature to 1200 K before entering the turbine with isentropic
efficiency of 95%. The mechanical transmission efficiency is 97%. A convergent nozzle with an exit
area of 0.5 m2 is used to produce a gas jet. Determine the jet velocity, thrust, and specific fuel
consumption.
28. An aircraft flies at 90 Km/hr. One of its turbojet engines takes in 40 kg/s of air and expands the
gases to the ambient pressure .The air –fuel ratio is 50 and the lower calorific value of the fuel is 43
MJ/Kg. For maximum thrust power, determine: (a)jet velocity (b) thrust (c) specific thrust (d) thrust
power (e) propulsive, thermal and overall efficiencies and (f) TSFC
29. An aircraft propeller flies at a speed of 440 Km/hr. The diameter of the propeller is 4.1 m and the
speed ratio is 0.8. The ambient conditions of air at the flight altitude are T = 255K and P = 0.55 bar.
Find the following: i) Thrust ii) Thrust Power iii) Propulsive efficiency.
30. Explain with a neat sketch the working of a gas pressure feed system used in liquid Propellant
rocket engines.

31. Draw the sketch of a pulse jet engine. Write down its main advantages and disadvantages.
32. Calculate the thrust, specific impulse propulsive efficiency, thermal and overall efficiencies of a
rocket engine from the following data:
Effective jet velocity = 1250 m/s
Flight to jet speed ratio = 0.8
Oxidizer flow rate = 3.5 kg/s
Fuel flow rate = 1 kg/s
Heat of reaction of = 2500 kJ/kg.
exhaust gases
33. What are the advantages and disadvantages of liquid propellants compared to solid Propellants?

34. A rocket has the following data: propellant flow rate 5.0 kg/s, nozzle exit diameter = 10 cm;
nozzle exit pressure = 1.02 bar; ambient pressure = 1.013 bar; thrust chamber pressure = 20 bar;
thrust = 7 kN. Determine the effective jet velocity, actual jet velocity, specific impulse and
the specific propellant consumption.
35. Why the composite materials are used in aircraft. Explain in detail.

36. What are the aircraft structural components made of composite materials?