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One of the major concerns in today's world is the pollution and contamination of soil.

The use of chemical


fertilizers and pesticides has caused tremendous harm to the environment. An answer to this is the
biofertilizer, an environmentally friendly fertilizer now used in most countries. Biofertilizers are organisms
that enrich the nutrient quality of soil. The main sources of biofertilizers are bacteria, fungi, and
cynobacteria (blue-green algae). The most striking relationship that these have with plants is symbiosis,
in which the partners derive benefits from each other.

Plants have a number of relationships with fungi, bacteria, and algae, the most
common of which are with mycorrhiza, rhizobium, and cyanophyceae. These are known to deliver a
number of benefits including plant nutrition, disease resistance, and tolerance to adverse soil and climatic
conditions. These techniques have proved to be successful biofertilizers that form a health relationship
with the roots.

Biofertilizers will help solve such problems as increased salinity of the soil and chemical run-offs from the
agricultural fields. Thus, biofertilizers are important if we are to ensure a healthy future for the generations
to come

Researcher

Biofertilizers are defined as preparations containing living cells or latent


cells of efficient strains of microorganisms that help crop plants’ uptake
of nutrients by their interactions in the rhizosphere when applied through
seed or soil. They accelerate certain microbial processes in the soil
which augment the extent of availability of nutrients in a form easily
assimilated by plants.

Very often microorganisms are not as efficient in natural surroundings


as one would expect them to be and therefore artificially multiplied
cultures of efficient selected microorganisms play a vital role in
accelerating the microbial processes in soil.
Researcher

Biofertilizers are defined as preparations containing living cells or latent


cells of efficient strains of microorganisms that help crop plants’ uptake
of nutrients by their interactions in the rhizosphere when applied through
seed or soil. They accelerate certain microbial processes in the soil
which augment the extent of availability of nutrients in a form easily
assimilated by plants.

Very often microorganisms are not as efficient in natural surroundings


as one would expect them to be and therefore artificially multiplied
cultures of efficient selected microorganisms play a vital role in
accelerating the microbial processes in soil.
There are five biofertilizers viz. ... Rhizobium, Azotobacter, Azospirillum and blue
green algae(BGA) have been traditionally used as Biofertilizers. Rhizobiuminoculant is
used for leguminous crops such as pulses. Azotobacter can be used with crops like
wheat, maize, mustard, cotton, potato and other vegetable crops.Jul 26, 2011