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DISCUSSION

We had successfully done this experiment california bearing ratio test (CBR).
Calculation for 30 blow, penetration 2.5mm is 21.76 % and calculation for penetration
5.0mm is 27.82 %. Normally the CBR value at 2.5mm penetration which is higher than at
5.0mm penetration which is reported as the CBR value of material. The general procedure
is if this criterion does not fulfill by the test should be again repeated and if the value of
CBR at 5.0 mm again comes more than 2.5 mm penetration then the higher value of the
three test specimen is reported as the CBR value.

No. of blows Dry CBR (%)


Density(g/cm3) 2.5 mm 5.0 mm
10 0.1938 26.08 31.65
30 0.1969 21.76 27.82
65 0.2142 28.10 32.6

There may be certain errors for the initial concavity of the load-penetration curve are;

a. The bottom surface of the plunger or the top surface of the soil specimen not being
truly horizontal, with the result the plunger surface not being in full specimen
initially
b. The top layer of the specimen being too soft or irregular.
c. There may be error in loading at a rate of 1.25 mm/ minute

The CBR value is measured the penetration of plunger and the load that is recorded.
Also, the compaction of the soil should be exactly perpendicular to the soil surface to
ensure the compaction is satisfied. As the surface of the soil is not smooth or irregular in
shape, the penetration of the soil cannot be recorded correctly and hence affects the
result. In realistic, honestly, the volume of the air void cannot be neglected. No matter
how the compaction is perfect, the air void still exists. Moreover, the size of the
aggregates is different, the gap between the aggregate becomes void.Therefore, the
effect of the air void in the experiment cannot be determined correctly and hence affects
the result.
A correction is applied for curves curving concavity upwards. A tangent is drawn from
the steepest portion of curve to intersect the x-axis as which is the origin for this specimen.
The penetration value are measured from this corrected origin .Minimum two sample
should be made and test for CBR, but we test only one sample which is not the basic rule
we followed. So we have to test at least for two sample specimen and the result should
be taken as mean of two which is reported as CBR value of this sample after correcting
if error in curve occurs. According to Indian standard soil code the CBR value between 8
to 20 falls in the range of well graded sand, our result within this range. For the optimum
moisture content at least three sample should be tested but we test only one sample
which is not correct OMC value of this subgrade soil. Although we had successfully done
this experiment. Hence we conclude that the soil sample is well graded sand and the CBR
test should be again done for the correct result and conformation of single sample
observation data. This CBR value is more useful for the flexible pavement design of
roads.

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