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Section 1

Listening Comprehension
In this section, you will demonstrate your skills in understanding spoken English. There are three parts
in the Listening Comprehension section, with different tasks in each.

Part A
DIRECTIONS: In Part A you will hear short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each
conversation, a third speaker will ask a question about what the first two speakers said. Each conversation
and each question will be spoken only one time. Therefore, you must listen carefully to understand what
each speaker says. After you hear a conversation and the question, read the four choices and select the one
that is the best answer to the question the speaker asked. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of
the question and blacken the space that corresponds to the letter for the answer you have chosen. Blacken
the space completely so that the letter inside the space does not show.
Listen to the following example.
On the recording, you hear:
(man) Does the car need to be filled?
(woman) Mary stopped at the gas station on her way home.
(narrator) What does the woman mean?

In your test book, you read:


(A) Mary bought some food.
(B) Mary had car trouble.
(C) Mary went shopping.
(D) Mary bought some gas.
From the conversation you learn that Mary stopped at the gas station on her way home. The best
answer to the question “Does the car need to be filled?” is (D), “Mary bought some gas.” Therefore, the
correct answer is (D).
Now let us begin Part A with question number 1.
1. (A) Downtown (B) The main’s car is out of gas and
(B) In a taxi. needs a fill-up.
(C) Downstairs (C) The paint feels wet, and visitors
(D) In a hotel should be careful.
2. (A) Julie’s mother has no news to report. (D) The man needs to fill out the forms.
(B) Julie and Michael plan to get 7. [A) Have his clothes altered
married. (B) Weigh himself every day
(C) Julie’s mother has not decided yet. (C) Pay for new clothes
(D) Julie and Michael decided to buy a (D) Exercise regularly
new tie. 8. [A) Their bank is located nearby.
3. (A) The pool is not in the city (B) Their bank close too early.
(B) He doesn’t want to swim. (C) The banks are open at this hour.
(C) He is a city resident. (D) The river is overflowing its banks.
(D) Nine years is a long time. 9. [A) He is tired of sandwiches.
4. (A) Scheduling a departure. (B) It’s too late for sandwiches.
(B) Going out on a date. (C) He’s gained weight.
(C) Making an appointment. (D) He’s already had lunch.
(D) Discussing Peter. 10. [A) The woman went out with Nick.
5. [A) At a gift shop (B) The town has many nightclubs.
(B) In a delivery office (C) The woman finds Nick boring.
(C) In a bank (D) Nick plays tennis all the time.
(D) At a florist’s. 11. A) It’s difficult to say what Ralph is
6. [A) The man is invited to go along. thinking.
(B) The boys are doing well, and Ralph (C) The lettuce is in the salad she is
is not worried. making
(C) Ralph only seems worried, but he is (D) The lettuce needs to be rinsed
really not. before it is used.
(D) Ralph only seems worried, but he is 14. [A) Mary is an author of a book.
really not. (B) Historical novels are very popular
12. [A) She thinks that it is too short. (C) Mary must have married a
(B) She is not sure if she likes it. publisher.
(C) The color seems to be wrong. (D) The historian is getting married.
(D) The man should not buy it. 15. A) The management doesn’t allow
13. A) Let us wash up before we eat the complaints.
sandwiches. (B) Smoking in the lounge is prohibited.
(B) We like eating lettuce because it is (C) There is no light in number 8.
healthy. (D) The conversation in the lounge is
too loud.

Part B
DIRECTIONS: In this part of the test, you will hear longer conversations. After each conversation, you
will hear several questions. The conversations and questions will not be repeated.
After you hear a question, read the four choices in your test book and choose the best answer. Then, on
your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the
answer you have chosen. Remember, you are not allowed to take notes or write in your test book.
Listen to the following example:
You will hear:
You will read:
(A) He has changed jobs.
(B) He has two children.
(C) He has two jobs.
(D) He is looking for a job.
From the conversation you learn that Tom has taken an additional job. The best answer to the question
“Why is Tom tired?” is (C), “He has two jobs.” Therefore the correct answer is (C)

16. [A] The drawings are made.


18. [A] To increase the visual and auditory
[B] The artists are organized.
elements
[C] The story is created.
[D] The shots are framed [B] To add action to animation
17. [A] He isn't a child any longer. [C] To make cartoons a form of graphic
art
[B] He doesn't want to watch cartoons
[D] To speed up the feature plot
[C] He thinks his children should watch
19. [A] In a record company
educational programs
[B] At a movie theater
[D] His daughters are too old to watch
[C] At a gallery
cartoons.
[D] In a film studio

Part C
DIRECTIONS: In Part C you will hear short lectures and conversations. At the end of each, you will be
asked several questions. Each lecture or conversation and each question will be spoken only one time. For
this reason, you must listen carefully to understand what each speaker says. After you hear a question, read
the four choices and select the one that best answers the question the speaker asked. Then, on your answer
sheet, find the number of the question and blacken the space that contains the letter for the answer you have
chosen.
Answer all questions according to what is stated or implied in the lecture or conversation.
Listen to this sample talk.
You will hear:

Now listen to the following example.


You will hear:
You will read
(A) By cars and carriages
(B) By bicycles, trains, and carriages
(C) On foot and by boat
(D) On board ships and trains
The best answer to the question “According to the speaker, how did people travel before the invention
of the automobile?” is (B), “By bicycles, trains, and carriages.” Therefore, the correct answer is (B).
Now listen to another sample question.
(Narrator) Approximately how many people are employed in the automobile service
industry?
You will read:
(A) One million
(B) Ten million
(C) Twelve million
(D) Ninety million
The best answer to the question “Approximately how many people are employed in the automobile
service industry?” is (C), “Twelve million.” Therefore, the correct answer is (C).
You are not allowed to make notes during the test.

20. [A] Approximately 60,000 [C] Convenience and department


[B] Over 90,000 stores
[C] Between 5,000 and 7,000 [D] Video rental business
[D] Between 300 and 600 23. [A] Few Stores in big cities rem
21. [A] Convenience stores videos.
[B] Big chains of stores [B] It’s includes fast-food restaurants
[C] Distribution networks [C] Rental space can be hard to find.
[D] Motion picture studios [D] It’s competitive and volatile
22. [A] Vehicle rental agencies
[B] Large motion picture studios
..
STOP

This is the end of Section 1.


Read the directions for Section 2.
Do not read or work on any other section of the test.
Look at the time before you begin work on Section 2.
Use exactly 25 minutes to work on Section

Section 2
Structure and
Written Expression
Time: 25 minutes
This section is designed to test your ability to recognize language structures that are appropriate in
standard written English. The questions in this section belong to two types, each of which has special
directions.
DIRECTIONS: Questions 1-15 are partial sentences. Below each sentence you will see four words or
phrases, marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Select the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence.
Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that contains the letter for
the answer you have chosen. Fill in the space completely.
Example I
Drying flowers is the best way ________________ them.
(A) to preserve
(B) by preserving
(C) preserve
(D) preserved
The sentence should state, “Drying flowers is the best way to preserve them.” Therefore, the correct
answer is (A).

Example II
Many American universities ________________ as small, private colleges.
(A) begun
(B) beginning
(C) began
(D) for the beginning

The sentence should state, “Many American universities began as small, private colleges.” Therefore, the
correct answer is (C)

1. Rhododendrons would rather ____ in shady c. more earlier


places, and so would azaleas.(001) d. more early
a. to grow 5. The spectators were sitting quietly in the
b. grow stand ______ had just been completed (034)
c. grown a. which
d. growing b. it
2. _____ are prepared from flour or meal c. which it
derived from some form of grain (001) d. who
a. bakery products
b. while bakery products 6. Hollywood, the heart of America’s motion
c. they are bakery products picture industry, ________ of Los Angeles a
d. with bakery products century ago (034).
3. Although the name was not popularized until a. quiet suburb only was
the Middle of Ages, Engineering _____ b. only quiet suburb was
Civilization.(014) c. was only a quiet suburb
a. as old as d. suburb was quiet only
b. that is old as 7. Florida has not yet ratified the Equal Rights
c. is as old as amendment, and ______.(030)
d. as old as that a. several other states hasn’t either
4. The chairman arrived _____ than all the other b. neither has some others states
board members.(029) c. neither have several other states
a. the earliest d. some other states also have not either
b. earlier
8. The cyclist _______ he crossed the main c. others
street.(030) d. other
a. had looked cautiously before 10. The construction if the Alaska Highway
b. looked with caution after ____________ in 1939 and led to a economic
c. was looked cautious when boom and population growth in Northern
d. looks cautious when Territories. Soal B
9. Gardeners transplant bushes and flowers a. was begun
by moving them from one place to _______. b. has been begun
soalD c. it began
a. each other d. was beginning
b. another

DIRECTIONS: In questions 16-40 every sentence has four words or phrases that are underlined. The four
underlined portions of each sentence are marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Identify the one word or phrase
that makes the sentence incorrect. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in
the space that contains the letter for the answer you have chosen. Fill in the space completely.
EXAMPLE I
Christopher Columbus has sailed from Europe in 1492 and discovered a new land
A B C
he thought to be India.
D
The sentence should state, “Christopher Columbus sailed from Europe in 1492 and discovered a new
land thought to be India.” Therefore, you should choose answer (A).

EXAMPLE II
As the roles of people in society change, so does the rules of conduct in certain situations.
A B C D

The sentence should state, “As the roles of people in society change, so do the rules of conduct in
certain situations.” Therefore, you should choose answer (B).

11. It is not known why many seeds undergo a period of dormancy even during the times
when
A B C
conditions for their growth is favorable.
D
12. Milwaukee, settled in 1818, drawn a large number of immigrants who arrived in search
of
A B C D
jobs and inexpensive housing.
13. Parallel beams of light converge and can be eventually brought into focus when pass
A B C
through a convex lens to produce a real image on a screen. B 30
D
14. Sedatives are a group of drugs that legally prescribed and should be taken as directed.
A B C D

15. Maps that show detail landforms are commonly used in physical geography and geology.
A B C D
16. When the minerals needed for corn to grow are lack, the husks may be stunted.
A B C D
17. Rembrandt was forced to declare bankruptcy in 1656, and his possessions were sale.
A B C D
18. In some states, it has against the law to ride a motorcycle without a helmet.
A B C D
19. Paper was so expensive during the Middle Ages that it has to be used sparingly.
A B C D
20. Without water, food, shelter, and clothing, person could not survive a prolonged
exposure
A B C
to the elements.
D
21. Pasteurization is the process of heating milk to destroy disease-caused organisms and
A B C
bacteria.
D
22. A little land animals live in the polar regions which are covered with snow year round.
A B C D

23. Australian aborigines adhere to their tribal traditions and few marriage outside the
tribe.
A B C D
24. Roman doctrine stipulated every man was born with a spiritual who guarded him
against
A B C D
travail.
25. In group dancing, couples step in tandem, bow, join hands, and change partner.
A B C D

Section 3
Reading Comprehension
Time: 55 minutes
DIRECTIONS: In this section you will read several passages. Each passage is followed by a series of
questions. For questions 1-50, you need to select the best answer, (A), (B), (C), or (D), to each question.
Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that contains the letter of
the answer you have selected. Fill in the space completely.
Answer all questions following a passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage.
Read the following passage:
A tomahawk is a small ax used as a tool and a weapon by the North American Indian tribes. An
average tomahawk was not very long and did not weigh a great deal. Originally, the head of the
tomahawk was made of a shaped stone or an animal bone and was mounted on a wooden handle. After
the arrival of the European settlers, the Indians began to use tomahawks with iron heads. Indian males
and females of all ages used tomahawks to chop and cut wood, pound stakes into the ground to put up
wigwams, and do many other chores. Indian warriors relied on tomahawks as weapons and even threw
them at their enemies. Some types of tomahawks were used in religious ceremonies. Contemporary
American idioms reflect this aspect of American heritage.
EXAMPLE I
Early tomahawk heads were made of
(A) stone or bone
(B) wood or sticks
(C) European iron
(D) religious weapons

According to the passage, early tomahawk heads were made of stone or bone. Therefore, the correct
answer is (A).
EXAMPLE II
How has the Indian use of tomahawks affected American daily life today?
(A) Tomahawks are still used as weapons.
(B) Tomahawks are used as tools for certain jobs.
(C) Contemporary language refers to tomahawks.
(D) Indian tribes cherish tomahawks as heirlooms.

The passage states, “Contemporary American idioms reflect this aspects of American heritage.” The
correct answer is (C).

After you read the directions, begin work on the questions.

Questions 1-12

Since the world has become industrialized, there has been an increase in the number of
animal species that have either become extinct or have neared extinction. Bengal tigers, for instance,
which once roamed the jungles in vast numbers, now number only about 2,300, and by 5 the year
2025 their population is estimated to be down to zero. What is alarming about the case of the Bengal
tiger is that this extinction will have been caused almost entirely by poachers who, according to
some sources, are not interested in material gain but in personal gratification. This is an example of
the callousness that is part 10 of what is causing the problem of extinction. Animals like the Bengal
tiger, as well as other endangered species, are a valuable part of the world's ecosystem. International
laws protecting these animals must be enacted to ensure their survival, and the survival of our
planet.

15 Countries around the world have begun to deal with the problem in various ways. Some
countries, in order to circumvent the problem, have allocated large amounts of land to animal
reserves. They then charge admission to help defray the costs of maintaining the parks, 20 and they
often must also depend on world organizations for support. With the money they get, they can invest
in equipment and patrols to protect the animals. Another solution that is an attempt to stem the tide
of animal extinction is an international boycott of products made from endangered species. This
seems fairly effective, but it 25 will not, by itself, prevent animals from being hunted and killed.
.

1. The above passage is divided into two [a]. a specific and general
paragraphs in order to contrast information
[b]. a statement and an illustration
[c]. a comparison and contrast
[d]. a problem and a solution 8. What does the word “this” refer to in
2. Which of the following is closest in line 9?
meaning to the word “alarming” in [a]. poachers who speak personal
line 6? gratification
[a]. dangerous [b]. sources that may not be accurate
[b]. distressing [c]. endangered species that are
[c]. gripping increasing
[d]. serious [d]. bengal tigers that are decreasing
3. The word “defray” in line 19 is closest 9. The author uses the phrase “stem the
in meaning to which of the following ride” in line 22-23 to mean
[a]. make a payment on [a]. touch
[b]. lower [b]. tax
[c]. make an investment toward [c]. save
[d]. raise [d]. stop
4. The word “callousness” in line 9 could 10. Which of the following could best
best be replaced by which of the replace the word “case” as used in
following? line 6?
[a]. indirectness [a]. act
[b]. insensivity [b]. trade
[c]. incompetence [c]. contrast
[d]. independence [d]. circumstance
5. The word “poaches” as used in line 7 11. Where in the passage does the author
could be best replaced by which of discuss a cause of extinction?
the following? [a]. since the world ..... down to zero
[a]. concernd scientists [b]. country around......for support
[b]. enterprising researchers [c]. with the money.....dangered
[c]. illegal hunters species
[d]. trained hunters [d]. what is alrming......personal
6. Which of the following could best gratification
replace the word “allocated” in line
17?
[a]. organized
[b]. combined 12. What is the main topic of the
[c]. set a side passage?
[d]. taken off [a]. endarged species
7. Which of the following best describes [b]. the Bengal tiger
the author’s attitude [c]. international boycotts
[a]. forgiving [d]. problems with industrialization
[b]. vindictive
[c]. concerned
[d]. suprised

Questions 13 – 20

The symptoms of hay fever include watery and itchy eyes and a runny, congested nose. People
suffering from hay fever may experience occasional wheezing and repeated bouts of sneezing and
may even lose their sense of smell. Some victims of hay fever may develop the symptoms associated
with periodic asthma or a sinus infection. The allergen-antibody theory does not fully explain allergic
reactions because the membranes and glands in eyes and ears are controlled by the independent
nervous system, which keeps these organs in balance. But in the independent nervous system itself is
part of the emotional-response center and may cause the feelings of anger, fear, resentment, and lack
of self-confidence in reaction to allergy-causing substances.
The most common cause of hay fever is the pollen of ragweed, which blossoms during the
summer and autumn. When airborne pollen particles, as well as mold, come into contact with the
victim’s membranes, they can cause allergic reactions that release histamine and result in a virtual
blockage of air passages. To prevent hay fever or to decrease the severity of its symptoms, contact
with the ragweed pollen should be reduced. Although some communities have attempted to
eliminate the plants that cause the reactions, elimination programs have not been successful because
airborne pollen can travel considerable distances. Antihistamine can help with short but severe
attacks. Over extended periods of time, however, patients are prescribed a series of injections of the
substance to which they are sensitive in order to increase immunity
and thus be relieved of the seasonal allergy

13. It can be inferred from the passage


that the phrase “hay fever” refers to 17. It can be inferred from the passage
(A) fodder for cattle that a frequent source of allergy-
(B) a lung disease causing irritants can be
(C) viral bacteria (A) ear membranes
(D) a seasonal discomfort (B) human contact
14. According to the passage, the (C) larynx infections
symptoms of the allergy are (D) organic matter
predominantly
(A) abdominal
(B) intestinal 18. According to the passage, to avoid
(C) chronic incidents of hay fever, patients need
(D) respiratory to
15. What can be inferred from the first (A) avoid interactions with other patients
paragraph? (B) avoid exposure to pollen
(A) The nervous system balances allergic (C) increase their self-confidence
reactions. (D) take doses of prescribed medicine
(B) People should not have an emotional
response to allergic reactions.
(C) Hay fever may cause severe allergic 19. Which of the following is not
reactions and even death. mentioned in the passage as a cause
(D) The cause of allergic reactions has not of allergies?
been determined (A) injections
(B) mold
16. According to this passage, patients (C) flowers
suffering from hay fever may also (D) pollen
experience 20. It can be inferred from the passage
(A) mood swings that hay fever
(B) hunger pains (A) can be likened to a breakdown
(C) sensory perceptions (B) has no effective antibodies
(D) nervous blockages (C) is rooted in the human psyche
(D) has no known cure

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