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03

ENERGY
env20:
introduction to environmental
engineering

ENGR. ELISA G. ELEAZAR


2
Outline
• Energy Sources
• Problems Associated With Energy Development
• RA 9367: Biofuels Act of 2006
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Introduction
• Main Causes of Environmental Disturbances
▫ Population Explosion
▫ Urbanization
▫ Industrialization
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Energy Sources
Energy Income Energy Capital
Hydroelectric Energy Crude Oil
Tidal Forces Natural Gas
Geothermal Heat Coal
Biomass Nuclear Fission
Wind Synthetic Oil
Solar Input
Ocean Heat
Problems Associated With Energy 5

Development

• availability
• toxic substances
• machine / plant efficiencies
• energy equivalence
▫ arithmetic energy equivalence
▫ conversion energy equivalence
Problems Associated With Energy 6

Development
Determine the arithmetic and conversion energy equivalents
between gasoline and refuse-driven fuel. The energy value of
SP1
RDF is 5,000 BTU/lb and that of gasoline is 20,000 BTU/lb.
Assume 50% of the energy produced by RDF is used to
process it.
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RA 9367: Biofuels Act of 2006
• An act to direct the use of Biofuels, establishing
for this purpose the Biofuel Program,
appropriating funds therefore, and other
purposes
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References
• Mihelcic, J.R. and Zimmerman, J.B.,
Environmental Engineering Fundamentals,
Sustainability, Design. USA: John Wiley & Sons,
Inc., 2010.

• Davis, M.L. and Cornwell, D.A., Introduction to


Environmental Engineering, 4th ed. USA:
McGraw Hill, 2009.
9
Outline
• Energy Sources
• Problems Associated With Energy Development
• RA 9367: Biofuels Act of 2006
03
ENERGY
env20:
introduction to environmental
engineering

ENGR. ELISA G. ELEAZAR