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Index

Issue C
Date 30/04/03 Page A

Cuplok DATA SHEET CONTENTS

ACCESS
Description Code No Page No

Components
Verticals -------------------------------------------------- 270100 / 200 / 300 ------------------------ 1
Horizontals ---------------------------------------------- 271130 / 180 / 250 ------------------------ 2
Intermediate Transoms ------------------------------ 272056/78/120/130/180/250------------ 3
Inside Board Transom (1 / 2 & 3 Boards) ------- 273101 / 200 / 300 ------------------------ 4
Hop-Up Brackets & 1 Board Support ------------- 274200 / 300 / 279300 ------------------- 5
Plan Braces for Access ------------------------------ 278011/16/26/31/41/46/51/66/71/76/81
& False Work Scaffolds 86/91/278101/106/111/116/126/131 -- 6
Face Braces -------------------------------------------- 276150/153/180/202 --------------------- 7
Base Jacks AB9 & ANAB Adjustable Base ----- 279010 / 555609 -------------------------- 8
Return Device / Handrail Post /--------------------- 279240 / 279280
Spigot Pin & Ledger Adaptor 271900 / 279340 --------------------------- 9
Ledger Brace ------------------------------------------- 277531 / 277551 -------------------------- 10
Bridging Ledgers --------------------------------------- 271920 / 271930 -------------------------- 11

Applications
Use of 5.0m Bridging Ledger-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 16
Use of 7.5m Bridging Ledger-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 17
Assembly Instructions for Ledger Brace ----------------------------------------------------------- 18
Tubular Access – Use of Two & Three Inside Boards ------------------------------------------ 19
Tubular Access – Use of Single Inside Boards --------------------------------------------------- 20
Tubular Access – Use of Two & Three Inside Boards ------------------------------------------ 21
Tubular Access – Use of Single Inside Boards --------------------------------------------------- 22

Loadings
Tubular Access – Safe Working Loads on Components --------------------------------------- 31
Tubular Access – Safe Working Loads on Components Cont. ------------------------------- 32
Cuplok Access – Introduction ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 49
General Requirements --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 50
Unsheeted - with Foot Ties ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 51
Unsheeted - without Foot Ties------------------------------------------------------------------------ 52
Netted - with Foot Ties --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 53
Netted - with Foot Ties --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 54
Netted - with Foot Ties --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 55
Sheeted - with Foot Ties ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 56

© SGB
CUP001c.DOC
Index
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page B

Cuplok DATA SHEET CONTENTS Cont.

OMEGA
Description Code No Page No

Components
1.3m / 1.8m &2.5m Omega Transom ------------ 275130 / 275180 / 275254 -------------- 151
Omega Board Support (1 Board) & Omega
Hop-Up Bracket (2 & 3 Board) --------------------- 275510 / 275520 / 275530 -------------- 152
Omega Corner Piece (2 Board) ------------------- 279120 --------------------------------------- 153
Steel and Timber Battens --------------------------- 274512/517/525/613/617/625 ---------- 154
Omega Return Transom / Toeboard Clip for
Timber Battens / Toeboard Clip for Steel
Battens --------------------------------------------------- 275550 / 279180 / 279200 -------------- 155

Applications
Toeboard Arrangements ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 161
Use of Two and Three Inside Boards --------------------------------------------------------------- 162
Use of Two and Three Inside Boards --------------------------------------------------------------- 163
Use of One Inside Board ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 164
Use of Single Inside Board ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 165
Omega Access Scaffold – Staggered Horizontals ----------------------------------------------- 166

Loadings
Transom 2.5m, One Board Support & Hop-Up Brackets Two & Three Board------------ 171

CIRCULAR ACCESS SCAFFOLDS


Description Code No Page No

Applications
Circular Access Scaffolds------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 211
Circular Access Scaffolds------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 212
Circular Scaffold Outside the Structure------------------------------------------------------------- 213
Circular Scaffold Inside the Structure --------------------------------------------------------------- 214
Some Typical Layouts ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 215

Loadings
Circular Access Load Carrying Capacity Tying & Bracing ------------------------------------- 221

© SGB
CUP002A.DOC
Index
Issue A
Date 01/05/99 Page C

Cuplok DATA SHEET CONTENTS Cont.

MOBILE TOWER
Description Code No Page No

Components
Timber Deck, Toe Board & Castor Wheel ------ 279080 / 279100 -------------------------- 251

Applications
General Arrangements for Mobile Tower ---------------------------------------------------------- 261
Platform Levels 1.9m to 10.9m for Mobile Tower ------------------------------------------------ 262
Platform Level 4.9m Detailed Example for Mobile Tower-------------------------------------- 263
Schedule of Components & Make-Up of Mobile Tower ---------------------------------------- 264

STAIRCASE
Description Code No Page No

Components
Staircase Unit 1.5m & 2.0m Lift -------------------- 279400 / 279420 -------------------------- 301
Staircase Unit - Public Access / Guard Rail ----- 299898 --------------------------------------- 301A
Guard Post ---------------------------------------------- 279380 --------------------------------------- 302
4 Leg Stair Tower -------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- 303

Applications
General Arrangment of 8 Leg Tower---------------------------------------------------------------- 312
General Arrangment of 10 Leg Tower -------------------------------------------------------------- 313
General Arrangment of 10 Leg Tower (Public Access)----------------------------------------- 313A
1.5m Base Lift -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 314
4 Leg Stair Tower ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 314A
Details of Tying & Bracing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 315
Summary--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 316

Loadings
Permissible Heights & Loading Detail for Staircase Tower------------------------------------ 321

MISCELLANEOUS
Description Code No Page No

Components
Tension Joint-------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------ 351

© SGB
CUP003A.DOC
Index
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page D

Cuplok DATA SHEET CONTENTS Cont.

LOADING TOWER
Description Code No Page No

Components
Board Bearer & Knee Brace------------------------- 108590 / 583090 -------------------------- 401

Applications
Guidance Notes for Timber Use with Loading Tower ------------------------------------------- 411
General Arrangement for Loading Tower ---------------------------------------------------------- 412
Platform Levels (4.2/4.7/5.2/7.7m approx) Loading Towers----------------------------------- 413
Schedule of Components & Make-Up of Loading Tower -------------------------------------- 414

Loadings
Maximum Load Carrying Capacity for Loading Tower------------------------------------------ 421

SUPPORT
Description Code No Page No

Components
Verticals & Horizontals-------------------------------- 271060/90/100/120/127/160------------ 451
Internal Adjustable Braces--------------------------- 279810 / 279820 -------------------------- 452
400mm / 500mm Jacks, Adaptor & Socket
Baseplate ------------------------------------------------ 279500/540/550 / 289530 --------------- 453
170mm, 150mm, & 75mm Forkhead-------------- 279650 / 279653 / 279657 -------------- 454
Cantilever Frame 1m Deep & 1.5m Deep ------- 279610 / 279615 -------------------------- 455
Metriform Drophead &
Drophead Bracing Adaptor -------------------------- 289160 / 446700 -------------------------- 456
Guard Post Bracket ----------------------------------- 279700 --------------------------------------- 457
75mm / 150mm Bracing Forkhead &
Bracing Plate-------------------------------------------- 279510 / 279676 / 279681 -------------- 458
Bracing Coupler, Jack Brace Type S & L -------- 279710 / 279720 / 279740 -------------- 459
Beam Bracket------------------------------------------- 279780 --------------------------------------- 460
Swivel Base Plate & Rocking Forkhead---------- 279520 / 279686 -------------------------- 461

© SGB CUP004A.DOC
Index
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page E

Cuplok DATA SHEET CONTENTS Cont.

SUPPORT Cont.
Description Code No Page No

Applications
Structures - Height Make-Up -------------------------------------------------------------------- 472
Structures - Top & Base Adjustments---------------------------------------------------------- 472A
Structures - Height Tables for Standard Combinations-------------------------------------- 472B
Preferred Construction --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 473
Rows & Towers------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 474
Typical Arrangement with Timber -------------------------------------------------------------- 475
Details of Bracing --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 476
Bracing of Jacks & Forkheads ------------------------------------------------------------------- 477
Jack Bracing with Bracing Adaptor ------------------------------------------------------------- 478
Use of Cantilever with Forkheads--------------------------------------------------------------- 479
Bracing & Use of Cantilever Frames in 1.8m Wide Bays ------------------------------------ 480
Use of Beam Bracket in a Structure ------------------------------------------------------------ 481
General Rules for Bracing------------------------------------------------------------------------ 553

Loadings
Index for Grade 50 & 43 Verticals -------------------------------------------------------------- 491

Grade 50 Verticals
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork & all Main Lifts------------------------------------ 492
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Top Lifts 1.0m ---------------------------------- 493
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Top Lifts 1.5m ---------------------------------- 494
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Top Lifts 2.0m ---------------------------------- 495
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Top Lifts 2.5m ---------------------------------- 496
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 1.0m (1.3m Bays) ----------------- 497
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 1.5m (1.3m Bays) ----------------- 498
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 2.0m (1.3m Bays) ----------------- 499
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 1.0m (1.8m Bays) ----------------- 500
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 1.5m (1.8m Bays) ----------------- 501
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 2.0m (1.8m Bays) ----------------- 502
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 1.0m (2.5m Bays) ----------------- 503
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 1.5m (2.5m Bays) ----------------- 504
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 2.0m (2.5m Bays) ----------------- 505
- Permissible Loads on 1.5m and 2.0m Lifts -------------------------------------------------- 506
- Permissible Loads on 1.5m and 2.0m Lifts acc. to BS5950 and BS5975 - UK---------- 507
- Permissible Loads on 1.5m and 2.0m Lifts acc. to BS5950 and BS5975 - UK---------- 508
- Permissible Loads on 1.5m and 2.0m Lifts acc. to BS5975 - UK ------------------------- 509

© SGB CUPLOK04.DOC
Index
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page F

Cuplok DATA SHEET CONTENTS Cont.

SUPPORT Loadings Grade 43 Verticals Cont.


Description Code No Page No

Loadings
Grade 43 Verticals
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork & all Main Lifts-------------------------------------- 521
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Top Lifts 1.0m ------------------------------------ 522
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Top Lifts 1.5m ------------------------------------ 523
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Top Lifts 2.0m ------------------------------------ 524
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Top Lifts 2.5m ------------------------------------ 525
- Permissible Loads - Braced Head and Base Jacks ------------------------------------------- 526
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Jack Extension ----------------------------- 527
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 1.0m (1.3m Bays)------------------ 528
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 1.5m (1.3m Bays)------------------ 529
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 2.0m (1.3m Bays)------------------ 530
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 1.0m (1.8m Bays)------------------ 531
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 1.5m (1.8m Bays)------------------ 532
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 2.0m (1.8m Bays)------------------ 533
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 1.0m (2.5m Bays)------------------ 534
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 1.5m (2.5m Bays)------------------ 535
- Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Base Lifts 2.0m (2.5m Bays)------------------ 536

Safe Loads on Beam Bracket------------------------------------------------------------------------- 537


Strength of Cuplok Node Point ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 538

Guide to Designers - General Formwork----------------------------------------------------------- 551


Guide to Designers - General Remarks Cont. ---------------------------------------------------- 552
Permissible Loads in Verticals Design Example ------------------------------------------------- 554
Permissible Loads in Verticals Design Example Cont 2.--------------------------------------- 555
Permissible Loads in Verticals Design Example Cont 3.--------------------------------------- 556
Permissible Loads in Verticals Design Example Cont 4.--------------------------------------- 557
Permissible Loads in Verticals Design Example Cont 5.--------------------------------------- 558
Permissible Loads in Verticals Design Example Cont 6.--------------------------------------- 559

Upgrade Loads on 43c Cuplok (INTERNATIONAL ONLY)------------------------------------ 600

© SGB CUP006A.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 1

CUPLOK Verticals

3m Vertical Dia 11 hole. Locking pin


Weight 16.6 kg Standard version has welded in used in hole to secure
Code no. spigot. Option - Spigot secured verticals in tension for
270300 by M10 bolt with Nylok nut. example.

2m Vertical
Weight 11.4 kg
Code no
270200

1m Vertical
Weight 5.5 kg
Code no
270100

To stop top cup


from sliding off
end of standard

Ø 11 Hole

Specification / Properties

Tube is Ø 48.3 x 3.2 Grade 50C to BS 4360

© SGB CUP007A.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 2

CUPLOK Access Scaffold - Horizontals

centre

Horizontals No colour code


Weight 9.4 kg
Code No 271250

centre

Horizontals
Weight 6.96 kg Colour code Green
Code No 271180

centre

Horizontals
Weight 5.17 kg Colour code
Code No 271130 Yellow

Specification / Properties

Tube is Ø 48.3 x 3.2 Grade 50c to BS 4360 for 2.5m and 1.3m Horizontals
Tube is Ø 48.3 x 3.2 Grade 43c to BS 4360 for 1.8m Horizontals

© SGB CUP008A.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 3

CUPLOK Intermediate Transoms

2.5m Intermediate Transoms


Weight 16.5 kg
Code No 272250

1.8m Intermediate Transoms


Weight 7.3 kg
Code No 272180

1.3m Intermediate
Transoms Wedge used to
Weight 5.5 kg give a tight fit on
Code No 272130 tube

1.2m Intermediate
Transoms Weight 5.2 kg
Code No 272120

(Option No wedges
used on some export
markets)
0.795m Intermediate
Transoms Weight 3.7 kg
Code No 272078

0.565 m Intermediate
Transoms
Weight 2.8 kg
Code No 272056

Specification / Properties

Tube is Ø60.3 x 4 Grade 43c to BS 4360 for 2.5m Intermediate Transom only.

All other sizes are Ø48.3 x 3.2 Grade 43c.

© SGB CUP009A.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 4

CUPLOK Inside Board Transoms (1 / 2 & 3 Boards)

Inside Board Transom


( One board )
Weight 7.5 kg
Code No 273101

Locking device

Inside Board Transom


( Three board )
Weight 8.5 kg
Code No 273300

Inside Board Transom


( Two Board )
Weight 9.5 kg
Code No 273200

Locking device

(Option - No wedges used for


some export markets)

Specification / Properties

Tube is Ø 48.3 x 3.2 Grade 43c to BS 4360

© SGB CUP010A.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 5

CUPLOK Hop-Up Brackets & 1 Board Support

3 Board Hop - Up Bracket


Weight: 7.7 kg
Code no: 274300

2 Board Hop - Up Bracket


Weight: 6.3 kg
Code no: 274200

1 Board Support
Weight: 1.5 kg
Code no: 279300

© SGB CUP011A.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 6

CUPLOK Half Coupler Braces for Access & False Work Scaffolds

Wedge Half
Coupler
(Fixed)

A (m) B (m) L (mm) Weight (kg) Code no.


1.00 2.50 2693 11.3 278041
1.00 1.80 2059 8.6 278031
1.00 1.60 1887 7.9 278026
1.00 1.30 1640 6.9 278016
1.00 1.20 1562 6.5 278011
1.50 2.50 2915 11.8 278101
1.50 1.80 2343 9.8 278091
1.50 1.60 2193 8.8 278086
1.50 1.30 1985 8.5 278066
1.50 1.20 1921 8.3 278046
2.00 2.50 3202 12.9 278126
2.00 1.80 2691 11.0 278116
2.00 1.60 2561 10.3 278106
2.00 1.30 2385 9.9 278076
2.00 1.20 2332 9.7 278051
1.30 2.50 2818 11.8 278081
1.30 1.80 2220 9.3 278071
1.80 1.80 2546 10.2 278111
2.50 2.50 3536 14.3 278131

Guidance Notes
1) S.W.L. = 12.5 kN max. - axial tension or compression, with the exception of code no.278131 2.5 x 2.5m Brace,
limited to 10.76 kN in compression.
2) Telescopic adjustable braces are available to cover the full range of application of the fixed braces. See page 452
for details.

© SGB CUP012A.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 7

CUPLOK Face Braces

Swivel Blade

Specification / Properties
Face Braces for Access Scaffolds X (m) Y (m) L (mm) Weight Code no:
2.5 2.0 3202 11.5 kg 276202
S.W.L = 2.5 1.5 2916 10.7 kg 276153
6.35 kN Tension or Compression 1.8 2.0 2691 9.8 kg 276180
1.8 1.5 2343 8.7 kg 276150

© SGB CUP013A.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 8

CUPLOK Base Jack AB9 & ANAB Adjustable Base

Thread
cleaner

Base Jack AB 9
Weight: 4.2 kg
S.W.L. 34 kN
X = 38mm to 260mm
Code no: 555609

ANAB Adjustable Base


Weight: 5kg
S.W.L. 25kN
X = 194mm to 670mm
Code no: 279010

Guidance Notes
For heavy duty Jacks see page 453

© SGB CUP014A.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 9

CUPLOK Return Device / Handrail Post /


Spigot Pin & Ledger Adaptor

Return Device
Weight: 1.15 kg
Code no 279280

Handrail Post
Weight: 4.9 kg
Code no 279244

Spigot Pin
Weight: 0.09 kg
Code no 279340
SWL = 4kN

Centre

Ledger Adaptor
Weight: 1.7 kg
Code no 271900
(Used in pairs with 48.3Ø tube cut to suit to provide
special lengths of horizontals).

© SGB CUP015A.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 10

CUPLOK Ledger Brace

Dim ‘L’

Side view of
coupler Half swivel coupler

Wedge & Wedge


Bolt

Specification / Properties

Ledger Brace (L = 1700mm) Weight 9.3 kg Code no: 277531


(L = 2060mm) Weight 10.7 kg Code no: 277551

Guidance Notes
1) Ledger Brace 1700mm use on bay size 1.3m x 1.5m high. SWL = 6.25 kN
2) Ledger Brace 2060mm use on bay size 1.3m x 2m high.
3) For application see page 18.

© SGB CUP016A.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 11

CUPLOK Bridging Ledgers

Swivel end blades

Centers of verticals

5m Bridging Ledger

Swivel end

Centers of verticals

7.5m Bridging Ledger

Specification / Properties For safe loads see pages 16 and 17

5m Bridging Ledger Weight 33.7 kg Code no: 271920


7.5m Bridging Ledger Weight 40.7 kg Code no: 271930

© SGB CUP017A.DOC
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 16

CUPLOK Use of 5.0m Bridging Ledger

Hand Rail Post

Elevation

Plan Brace

Plan

Diagonal bracing to inside


and outside faces to suit height and loading
Outside Face

Inside Face

A temporary central
standard may be used to
Plan Braces
assist in erection

Alternative to using Bridging Ledgers


Guidance Notes
1) Deck may be formed using either Tubular Transoms, Intermediate Transoms and Scaffold Boards, or Omega
Transoms and Battens.
2) Loading: The safe working load on platforms erected as shown is 3.0kN/m2 uniformly distributed.
3) Do not build inside board platforms off the Bridging ledgers.
4) It is possible to start a higher scaffold from the mid point of the 5m Bridging Ledger. If this is required, construct
as shown above, using diagonal face bracing to inside and outside faces.

© SGB CUP018A.DOC
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 17

CUPLOK Use of 7.5m Bridging Ledger

Hand Rail Post

Elevation

Plan Brace

Plan

Guidance Notes

1) Deck may be formed using either tubular transom, intermediate transoms and scaffold boards, or Omega
transoms and battens.
2) Loading: The safe working load on platforms, erected as shown, is 1.5 kN/m2 uniformly distributed
3) Do not build inside board platforms off the Bridging ledgers
4) It is not possible to start a higher scaffold from the top of a 7.5m Bridging ledger.

© SGB CUP019A.DOC
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 18

CUPLOK Assembly Instructions for Ledger Brace

Toeboard

Ledger brace

Toeboard

Guidance Notes

1) This ledger brace is assembled on the verticals.


2) The top end must be assembled first and the wedge coupler must be as close to the bottom cup of the vertical as
possible.
3) After the top end has been fastened then the bottom end can be attached to the vertical, as shown above in the
sketch.
4) The brace must be assembled in the manner shown, so that it does not foul the toeboard.

© SGB CUP020A.DOC
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 19

CUPLOK Tubular Access Scaffolds - Use of Two and Three


Inside Boards

or

or

Number Description
Inside Board
1 Transom (2 Board)
Inside Board
Indicates a Vertical 2
Transom (3 Board)

Guidance Notes
1) Numbers 1 and 2 normally require support from a third ledger on the extended section. However, they may be
used in cantilever form as shown, in corners only, provided that the loads shown on pages 31 and 32 are not
exceeded.
2) For Design and Loading Information see pages 31 and 32.

© SGB cup021a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 20

CUPLOK Tubular Access Scaffolds - Use of Single Inside Boards

Point
‘A’

Indicates a Vertical

Guidance Notes
1) At point ‘A’ or ends of scaffolds, 2 one board support units must always be used for security.
2) For Design and Loading information see pages 31 and 32.

© SGB cup022a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 21

CUPLOK Tubular Access Scaffolds - Use of Two and Three


Inside Boards

or

or

or alternatively

or

Position of the return may vary in detail


slightly.

Number Description
1 Inside 2 Board Transom
2 Inside 3 Board Transom
3 2 Board Hop-Up Bracket
4 3 Board Hop-Up Bracket
5 1300 Intermediate
Transom
6 565 Intermediate
Transom
7 795 Intermediate
Transom
Indicates a Vertical
Guidance Notes
1) Items 1 and 2 normally require support from a third ledger on the extended section. However, they may be used in
cantilever form as shown, in corners only, provided that the loads shown on pages 31 & 32 are not exceeded.
2) For design and loading information see pages 31 & 32.

© SGB cup023a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 22

CUPLOK Tubular Access Scaffolds - Use of Single Inside Board

Numbers Description
Inside One
1
Board Transon
Board Support
2 One Board
Indicates a Vertical

Guidance Notes
1. For Design and Loading Information see pages 31 and 32

© SGB cup024a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 31

CUPLOK Tubular Access Scaffolds - Safe Working


Loads on Components

S.W.L. Uniformly distributed = 8.0kN


1.3m Transom

Horizontal

HORIZONTALS S.W.L, ‘s
L (m) C.P.L. kN 1/3 Points kN (2 off) U.D.L. kN
1.8 3.2 2.38 6.37
2.5 3.2 2.38 6.37

Intermediate Transoms

INTERMEDIATE TRANSOMS
Length L (mm) 565 795 1200 1300 1800 2500
Safe U.D.L. Load kN 9.47 7.06 5.06 4.38 3.57 4.93

Note: Horizontals supporting these Intermediate Transoms may be limiting.

© SGB cup025a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 32

CUPLOK Tubular Access Scaffolds - Safe Working


Loads on Components Cont.

Inside
Board
Transom
(One Board)
W1 W2 W2

Board
R Support
(One
Board)

INSIDE BOARD TRANSOM (ONE BOARD) & BOARD SUPPORT (ONE BOARD)
S.W.L. Uniformly distributed
W1 4.38 kN
W2 0.90 kN
R 3.20 kN
This permits a deck loading of 3.0 kN/m2 when bays are 2.5m long.

Inside Board
W2
Transom (Two
& Three Board) W1 W2

See note
R
Hop-Up
Brackets (Two
& Three Board)

INSIDE BOARD TRANSOM (TWO AND THREE BOARD) AND HOP - UP BRACKETS (TWO AND THREE BOARDS)
Bracket S.W.L. W1 (U.D.) S.W.L. = Equiivalent Reaction
loading
W2 (U.D.) to W2 (U.D.) 2.5m
Bays
Two Board 4.38 kN 1.0 kN 1.5 kN/m2 2.63 kN
Three Board 4.38 kN 0.83 kN 0.75 kN/m2 2.72 kN
Hop-Up Brackets can also take the point loading from the third ledger when loading is as above.
Note: If the outside ledger is not in place W2 = 0.45 kN (2 Board) and W2 = 0.30 kN (3 Board)

© SGB cup026a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 01/04/99 Page 49

CUPLOK Access - Introduction

The following data sheets are for use with the Cuplok Access component scaffold system. The
data has been calculated using a 3D computer model developed using the finite element
structural package ANSYS. System imperfections, inclinations, force coefficients and wind
loads used in the model have been taken from the draft European code of practice
pr EN 12811:1998

Calculations have been carried out on a basic scaffold structure with 2m lifts, 2.5m x 1.3m bays,
8 bays long, with every lift boarded. All verticals are grade 50c and the jacks are universal jacks
with an average jack extension of 450mm (2/3rd extension). The systems investigated were
unsheeted, sheeted and netted, all with 1, 2, 3 or 4 working lifts. All systems were considered
with and without hop-up brackets. For unsheeted scaffolds separate load tables are given for
systems with and without foot ties; note that some cases are not applicable for systems with no
foot ties. For sheeted and netted scaffolds foot ties must always be used.

Data is given for the following configurations:

System Foot ties Tie pattern Facade Openings Page ref.


Unsheeted With foot ties 6.0m Open or Closed
Without foot ties 8.0m (closed only for no p.51 - 52
foot ties)
Netted With foot ties 2.0m Open
4.0m 30% open p.53 - 55
Closed
Sheeted With foot ties 2.0m Open or closed
p.56
4.0m

All loads given are safe working loads following the requirements of pr EN 12811:1998.
Tie loads normal and parallel to the facade are given for each system. Ties of appropriate
ratings must be used.
General requirements are given on page 50 and must be followed.
For all cases not mentioned in the data sheets, please contact your local SGB design office.

UNCONTROLLED COPY - NOT FOR GENERAL CIRCULATION

© SGB cup027a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 01/04/99 Page 50

CUPLOK Access - General Requirements

The tables on the following pages, are to follow the conditions below.

1) Every lift is boarded, and if hops are used they are also on every lift.
2) Every lift is:- 2.0m x 2.5m bays and 1.3m wide.
3) Wind is HD1000:- Working wind = 200 N/m2
Maximum = 600/770 N/m2
4) pr EN 12811:1998 is used as guide for - open or closed facade
- Sheeting or netting
- Imperfections
- Inclinations.
5) Main platform loading is restricted to capability of

hop-up brackets i.e.:- 1 boarded or no hop-ups = 3 kN/m2


2 boarded = 1.5 kN/m2
3 boarded = 0.75 kN/m2
6) All verticals are grade 50c and all jacks are universal.
7) Average jack extensions assumed to be at 2/3rd extension. i.e. 450mm
8) Tie tubes connected to both verticals. If connected to one vertical, v ties must be used at a
frequency of 1 in 5 ties. V ties must be capable of 20 kN safe load. Right angle couplers
must be used for connection.
9) Face bracing must be 1 bay in 8 or 2 if less than 20m long.
10) Scaffolds must not be erected beyond the top tie level.
11) In the following tables (pages 51 to 56) 2 tie patterns are shown; 6m and 8m for unsheeted
scaffolds and 2m and 4m for sheeted scaffolds. On the end verticals the tie pattern is
doubled, unless a return in the building is present.
12) For unsheeted scaffolds, separate tables are given showing capacity for systems with and
without foot ties.
For sheeted and netted scaffolds, foot ties must always be used.

UNCONTROLLED COPY - NOT FOR GENERAL CIRCULATION

© SGB cup028a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 01/04/99 Page 51

CUPLOK Access - Unsheeted - with Foot Ties


Closed or Open Facade

The following tables give maximum No. of lifts for 1, 2, 3 or 4 working lifts, on the assumption that 1, 1½
,
2½ , 3½lifts are loaded respectively.
If a tie is removed for any reason the scaffold must be plan or ledger braced back to adjacent ties.
Maximum distance between braced ties is 7.5m horizontal and 12.0m vertically for 8.0m tie pattern.
Maximum distance between braced ties is 9.0m horizontal and 12.0m vertically for 6.0m tie pattern.
8m Tie Pattern 6m Tie Pattern
Hop-Ups No. of Max No. of Leg load Leg Load Max No. of Leg load Leg Load
Loaded Lifts Front (kN) Back (kN) Lifts Front (kN) Back (kN)
Lifts
1 15 17.29 14.67 15 17.29 14.67
None 2 14 18.90 16.46 15 19.73 17.11
3 13 22.95 20.68 13 22.95 20.68
4 12 26.99 24.90 13 27.83 25.56
1 14 16.47 17.07 15 17.29 17.86
1 2 13 18.07 19.25 14 18.90 20.05
Boarded 3 13 22.95 25.22 13 22.95 25.22
4 12 26.99 30.39 13 27.83 31.18
1 14 14.03 16.75 15 14.85 17.69
2 2 14 15.25 18.50 15 16.07 19.45
Boarded 3 13 16.85 21.05 14 17.69 22.00
4 12 18.47 23.60 14 20.12 25.49
1 14 12.81 16.66 15 13.63 17.71
3 2 14 13.42 17.64 15 14.25 18.69
Boarded 3 14 14.64 19.60 15 15.47 20.65
4 13 15.03 20.52 14 15.85 21.57

8m Tie Pattern 6m Tie Pattern


Facade Openings Tie Load normal to Tie Load Parallel to Tie Load normal to Tie Load Parallel to
Facade (kN) Facade (kN) Facade (kN) Facade (kN)
Closed 2.53 5.50 2.09 2.42
Fully Open 6.93 6.80 5.50 4.07

6.0m
8.0m

6.0m

8.0m
2.0m 2.0m

2.0m 2.0m

8.0m Tie Pattern 6.0m Tie Pattern

UNCONTROLLED COPY - NOT FOR GENERAL CIRCULATION

© SGB cup029a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 01/04/99 Page 52

CUPLOK Access - Unsheeted - without Foot Ties


Closed Facade Only

The following tables give maximum No. of lifts for 1, 2, 3 or 4 working lifts, on the assumption that 1, 1½
,

, 3½lifts are loaded respectively.
Maximum distance between braced ties is 7.5m horizontal and 12.0m vertically for 8.0m tie pattern.
Maximum distance between braced ties is 9.0m horizontal and 12.0m vertically for 6.0m tie pattern.
8m Tie Pattern 6m Tie Pattern
Hop-Ups No. of Max No. of Leg load Leg Load Max No. of Leg load Leg Load
Loaded Lifts Front (kN) Back (kN) Lifts Front (kN) Back (kN)
Lifts
1 8 11.50 10.10 11 13.98 12.06
None 2 6 12.28 11.23 9 14.76 13.19
3 4 15.50 14.80 7 17.98 16.76
4 Not In Use N/A N/A Not In Use N/A N/A
1 8 11.50 12.31 9 12.33 13.10
1 2 6 12.28 13.70 8 13.93 15.29
Boarded 3 Not In Use N/A N/A Not In Use N/A N/A
4 Not In Use N/A N/A Not In Use N/A N/A
1 8 9.06 11.07 9 9.89 12.02
2 2 7 9.45 11.87 7 9.45 11.87
Boarded 3 4 9.41 12.53 4 9.41 12.53
4 Not In Use N/A N/A Not In Use N/A N/A
1 8 7.84 10.36 9 8.67 11.41
3 2 7 7.63 10.29 7 7.63 10.29
Boarded 3 5 7.19 10.16 5 7.19 10.16
4 5 8.41 12.12 5 8.41 12.12

8m Tie Pattern 6m Tie Pattern


Facade Openings Tie Load normal to Tie Load Parallel to Tie Load normal to Tie Load Parallel to
Facade (kN) Facade (kN) Facade (kN) Facade (kN)
Closed 2.20 3.30 3.74 4.62

6.0m
8.0m

6.0m

8.0m
2.0m 2.0m

2.0m 2.0m

8.0m Tie Pattern 6.0m Tie Pattern


UNCONTROLLED COPY - NOT FOR GENERAL CIRCULATION

© SGB cup030a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 01/04/99 Page 53

CUPLOK Access - Netted - with Foot Ties


Closed Facade

The following tables give maximum No. of lifts for 1, 2, 3 or 4 working lifts, on the assumption
that 1, 1½, 2½, 3½lifts are loaded respectively.

Ties must not be removed.

4m Tie Pattern 2m Tie Pattern


Hop-Ups No. of Max No. of Leg load Leg Load Max No. of Leg load Leg Load
Loaded Lifts Front (kN) Back (kN) Lifts Front (kN) Back (kN)
Lifts
1 17 18.95 15.98 18 19.78 16.63
None 2 16 20.56 17.76 17 21.39 18.42
3 14 23.78 21.33 15 24.61 21.99
4 13 27.83 20.68 14 28.65 26.21
1 16 18.12 18.68 16 18.13 18.65
1 2 15 19.73 20.84 15 19.73 20.84
Boarded 3 14 23.78 26.01 14 23.78 26.01
4 13 27.83 31.18 13 27.83 31.18
1 16 15.68 18.64 17 16.53 19.59
2 2 15 16.07 19.45 16 16.90 20.39
Boarded 3 15 18.51 22.94 15 18.51 22.94
4 14 20.12 25.49 15 20.95 26.44
1 16 14.47 18.75 17 15.29 19.81
3 2 16 15.07 19.74 17 15.90 20.79
Boarded 3 15 15.47 20.65 16 16.29 21.70
4 15 16.68 22.61 16 17.51 23.67

4m Tie Pattern 2m Tie Pattern


Facade Openings Tie Load normal to Tie Load Parallel to Tie Load normal to Tie Load Parallel to
Facade (kN) Facade (kN) Facade (kN) Facade (kN)
Closed 4.95 1.10 4.95 1.10

2.0m

4.0m

2.0m
4.0m
2.0m 2.0m

2.0m 2.0m

4.0m Tie Pattern 2.0m Tie Pattern

UNCONTROLLED COPY - NOT FOR GENERAL CIRCULATION


© SGB cup031a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 01/04/99 Page 54

CUPLOK Access - Netted - with Foot Ties


30% Open Facade

The following tables give maximum No. of lifts for 1, 2, 3 or 4 working lifts, on the assumption
that 1, 1½, 2½, 3½lifts are loaded respectively.

Ties must not be removed.

4m Tie Pattern 2m Tie Pattern


Hop-Ups No. of Max No. of Leg load Leg Load Max No. of Leg load Leg Load
Loaded Lifts Front (kN) Back (kN) Lifts Front (kN) Back (kN)
Lifts
1 12 14.81 12.71 16 18.12 15.33
None 2 11 16.42 14.50 15 19.73 17.11
3 10 20.47 18.72 13 22.95 20.68
4 9 24.53 22.94 12 27.00 24.90
1 11 13.98 14.69 15 17.29 17.86
1 2 10 15.59 16.87 14 18.90 20.05
Boarded 3 9 19.64 22.05 12 22.12 24.43
4 9 24.51 28.01 11 26.17 29.59
1 12 12.37 14.85 15 14.85 17.69
2 2 11 12.76 15.66 15 16.07 19.45
Boarded 3 10 14.37 18.09 14 17.69 22.00
4 10 16.81 21.71 13 19.29 24.55
1 12 11.15 14.56 16 14.47 18.75
3 2 11 10.93 14.49 15 14.25 18.69
Boarded 3 11 12.15 16.45 15 15.47 20.65
4 11 13.37 18.42 14 15.85 21.57

4m Tie Pattern 2m Tie Pattern


Facade Openings Tie Load normal to Tie Load Parallel to Tie Load normal to Tie Load Parallel to
Facade (kN) Facade (kN) Facade (kN) Facade (kN)
30% Open 8.14 2.20 4.40 1.60

2.0m

4.0m

2.0m
4.0m
2.0m 2.0m

2.0m 2.0m

4.0m Tie Pattern 2.0m Tie Pattern

UNCONTROLLED COPY - NOT FOR GENERAL CIRCULATION

© SGB cup032a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 01/04/99 Page 55

CUPLOK Access - Netted - with Foot Ties


Fully Open Facade

The following tables give maximum No. of lifts for 1, 2, 3 or 4 working lifts, on the assumption
that 1, 1½, 2½, 3½lifts are loaded respectively.

Ties must not be removed.

4m Tie Pattern 2m Tie Pattern


Hop-Ups No. of Max No. of Leg load Leg Load Max No. of Leg load Leg Load
Loaded Lifts Front (kN) Back (kN) Lifts Front (kN) Back (kN)
Lifts
1 8 11.50 10.10 12 14.81 12.71
None 2 7 13.11 11.88 11 16.42 14.50
3 7 17.98 16.76 10 20.47 18.72
4 6 22.03 20.98 9 24.51 22.94
1 7 10.55 11.51 12 14.81 15.48
1 2 7 13.11 14.49 11 16.42 17.67
Boarded 3 6 17.15 19.67 9 19.64 22.05
4 5 14.53 24.83 8 23.69 27.21
1 8 9.06 11.07 12 12.37 14.85
2 2 7 9.45 11.87 12 13.59 16.61
Boarded 3 7 11.89 15.37 11 15.20 19.15
4 6 13.50 17.92 10 16.81 21.71
1 8 7.84 10.36 13 11.98 15.61
3 2 8 8.45 11.34 12 11.76 15.54
Boarded 3 7 8.84 12.25 12 12.98 17.50
4 7 10.06 14.22 11 13.37 18.42

4m Tie Pattern 2m Tie Pattern


Facade Openings Tie Load normal to Tie Load Parallel to Tie Load normal to Tie Load Parallel to
Facade (kN) Facade (kN) Facade (kN) Facade (kN)
Fully Open 15.40 1.87 8.25 1.92

2.0m

4.0m

2.0m
4.0m
2.0m 2.0m

2.0m 2.0m

4.0m Tie Pattern 2.0m Tie Pattern

UNCONTROLLED COPY - NOT FOR GENERAL CIRCULATION

© SGB cup033a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 01/04/99 Page 56

CUPLOK Access - Sheeted - with Foot Ties


Closed and Open Facade

The following tables give maximum No. of lifts for 1, 2, 3 or 4 working lifts, on the assumption
that 1, 1½, 2½, 3½lifts are loaded respectively.

Ties must not be removed.


4m Tie Pattern 2m Tie Pattern
Hop-Ups No. of Max No. of Leg load Leg Load Max No. of Leg load Leg Load
Loaded Lifts Front (kN) Back (kN) Lifts Front (kN) Back (kN)
Lifts
1 8 11.50 10.10 12 14.81 12.71
None 2 7 13.11 11.88 11 16.42 14.50
3 7 17.98 16.76 10 20.47 18.72
4 6 22.03 20.98 9 24.51 22.94
1 7 10.55 11.51 12 14.81 15.48
1 2 7 13.11 14.49 11 16.42 17.67
Boarded 3 6 17.15 19.67 9 19.64 22.05
4 5 14.53 24.83 8 23.69 27.21
1 8 9.06 11.07 12 12.37 14.85
2 2 7 9.45 11.87 12 13.59 16.61
Boarded 3 7 11.89 15.37 11 15.20 19.15
4 6 13.50 17.92 10 16.81 21.71
1 8 7.84 10.36 13 11.98 15.61
3 2 8 8.45 11.34 12 11.76 15.54
Boarded 3 7 8.84 12.25 12 12.98 17.50
4 7 10.06 14.22 11 13.37 18.42

4m Tie Pattern 2m Tie Pattern


Facade Openings Tie Load normal to Tie Load Parallel to Tie Load normal to Tie Load Parallel to
Facade (kN) Facade (kN) Facade (kN) Facade (kN)
Closed 4.95 1.10 4.95 1.10
30% Open 13.20 3.41 6.60 1.80
Fully Open 15.40 1.87 8.25 1.92

2.0m

4.0m

2.0m
4.0m
2.0m 2.0m

2.0m 2.0m

4.0m Tie Pattern 2.0m Tie Pattern

UNCONTROLLED COPY - NOT FOR GENERAL CIRCULATION


© SGB cup034a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 151

CUPLOK 1.3m / 1.8m & 2.5m Omega Transom

View ‘A’ ‘A’

View ‘B’ ‘B’

Specification / Properties

1.3m Omega Transom


weight 7.2 kg code no 275130
1.8m Omega Transom
weight 10 kg code no 275180
2.5 Omega Transom
weight 24.8 kg code no 275254

© SGB cup035a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 152

CUPLOK Omega Board Support (1 Board) & Omega


Hop-Up Bracket (2 & 3 Board)

3 Board

2 Board

Omega Board Support

Specification / Properties

Omega Hop-Up Bracket


2 Board weight : 6.6 kg code no 275520
3 Board weight : 7.6 kg code no 275530

Note: Earlier brackets are 250 deep and have different end detail.

Omega Board Support


1 Board weight : 2.3 kg code no 275510

© SGB CUPLOK1F.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 153

CUPLOK Omega Corner Piece (2 Board)

View ‘A’ ‘A’

Omega Corner Piece


(2 Board)

Specification / Properties

Omega Corner Piece (2 Board) Weight 6.6 kg Code no: 279120

© SGB cup037a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 154

CUPLOK Steel and Timber Battens

‘L’ Nominal

Steel Battens

‘L’ Actual

‘L’ Actual

Specification / Properties

Steel Battens Nom. ‘L’ Actual ‘L’ Weight Code no:


1300mm 1250mm 7.1 kg 274512
1800mm 1750mm 9.6 kg 274517
2500mm 2450mm 13.1 kg 274525
Omega 63mm Battens
1300mm 1250mm 9.5 kg 274613
1800mm 1750mm 13.0 kg 274617
2500mm 2450mm 18.0 kg 274625

Guidance Notes

1) Steel and Timber Battens suitable for uniformly distributed loads up to 3.0 kN/m2.
2) All Timber weights approximate at moisture content of 20%

© SGB CUPLOK1W.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 155

CUPLOK Omega Return Transom / Toeboard Clip for Timber


Battens / Toeboard Clip for Steel Battens

Omega Return Transom

Toeboard Clip for Timber Battens

Toeboard Clip for Steel Battens

Specification / Properties

Omega Return Transom weight: 8.6 kg code no 275550


Toeboard Clip for Timber Battens weight: 0.737 kg code no 279200
Toeboard Clip for Steel Battens weight: 1.0 kg code no 279180

© SGB cup039a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 161

CUPLOK Omega Access Scaffolds - Toeboard Arrangements


Arrangement showing external corner

Scaffold Board
or Batten cut to
required length.

or or

Hidden detail showing

38 x 38 Cleat

or

or or
or

Hidden detail showing

Arrangement showing straight run

Number Description
Omega
1
Transom
1300 Omega
2 Batten
1800 Omega
3
Batten
2500 Omega
4 Batten
5 Toeboard Clip

Guidance Notes
1) This Toeboard Clip is for Timber Battens only.

© SGB cup040a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 162

CUPLOK Omega Access Scaffolds - Use of


Two and Three Inside Boards

or

Scaffold Boards on
top and nailed down.

Scaffold Boards on top and nailed


down if gap between adjacent
decks exceeds regulations.

Number Description
1 Omega Transom
2 Omega 2 Board Support
3 Omega 3 Board Support
Indicates a Vertical 4 Omega Return Transom

Guidance Notes
1. For Design and Loading Information see page 171.

© SGB cup041a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 163

CUPLOK Omega Access Scaffolds - Use of Two and


Three Inside Boards

Alternative to detail A use the Omega


Corner piece (2 Board Only)

Detail
‘A’

Scaffold tube handrail


secured by Couplers.

Detail
‘A’

Indicates a Vertical

or

Number Description
1 Omega Hop-Up Bracket (2 Board)
2 Omega Hop-Up Bracket (3 Board)
3 Omega Transom
4 Vertical
5 Handrail Post

© SGB cup042a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 164

CUPLOK Omega Access Scaffolds - Use of One Inside Board

Scaffold Board on top and


nailed down.

Scaffold Board on top and nailed


down if gap between adjacent
decks exceeds regulations.

Number Description
1 Omega Transom
2 Omega One Board Support
Indicates a Vertical 3 Omega Return Transom
Guidance Notes
1) For Design and Loading Information see page 171.

© SGB cup043a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 165

CUPLOK Omega Access Scaffolds - Use of Single Inside Board

Point
‘A’

Toeboard

Number Description
1 Omega Transom
Omega Board
2 Support - One Board

Indicates a Vertical
Guidance Notes
1) An Omega Return Transom may also be used here for number 1 , which will fill in the gaps in the decking
normally found in the 1.3m x 1.3m square corner.
2) At point ‘A’ corner or ends of scaffolds, two Omega Board Supports must always be used for security.
3) At point ‘A’ one board support Omega (or tubular) should be used at 0.5m and 1.0m above platform level as
guardrails.

© SGB cup044a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 166

CUPLOK Omega Access Scaffold Staggered Horizontals

Horizontal

Transom

A Section A - A

Guidance Notes
1) In combination with Omega transoms and battens, the outside horizontals of the access scaffold may be used at
guardrail - level.
2) This means a saving of the number of horizontals used and of the labour involved with replacing of the guardrails
when platforms are moved.
3) Same rules for tieing and bracing apply as for normal scaffolds.
4) Face bracing runs from guardrail level to guardrail level on the outside face of the scaffold. When required plan
bracing can be put in under the platform level.

© SGB cup045a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 171

CUPLOK Omega Access Scaffolds - Transom, 2.5m Transom,


One Board Support & Hop - Up Brackets Two & Three Board
S.W.L. uniformly distributed

Omega Transom

Zt = 14.92 cm3
Zc = 10.23 cm3
(BS4360 Grade 43 Steel) W

Omega Transom & Omega Transom Heavy Duty


W (m) S.W.L. (U.D.L) Equivalent deck loading Central Deflection
(kN) on 2.5m Bay ( kN/m2 ) (mm)
1.3 10.38 3 4.0
1.8 7.50 1.5 7.6
2.5 5.40 0.75 14.7
2.5 (Heavy Duty) 11.75 - -

2.5m Omega Transom


Heavy Duty

Omega Board Support


One Board

Omega Board Support & Hop-Up Brackets


Bracket W Suitable for deck
Uniformly Distributed (kN) loading of ( kN/m2 )
One Board 2.0 3.0
Two Board 2.1 1.5
Three Board 1.9 0.75

Omega Hop-Up Brackets


Two Board and Three Board

© SGB cup046a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 211

CUPLOK Circular Access Scaffolds

Minimum
Minimum Clearance
Clearance Diameter
Diameter

Z
Y Z Y Y Y

Z Z X X
X X
Scaffold Type ‘A’ Scaffold Type ‘B’

N.B. The diameters shown in the table on page 215 are those which just touch the inside face of the inside
horizontal. Suitable additional clearance must be allowed.

Guidance Notes

When it is required to provide a run of Access Scaffold, which is curved in plan, such as to
give access to the inside or outside of circular tanks, etc. , then certain variations have to be
made in the construction of the scaffold.

It is not always possible to have inside horizontals, outside ledgers and transoms at the same
level. Some of the horizontals on the outside of the curve of the scaffold must be moved to a
different level and in the commonest case of providing access around the outside of a
structure then the horizontal is moved up by 1m to form a guardrail. (See page 213)

When providing access around the inside of a curve (i.e. in a circular tank) then it is probably
most convenient to move the inner horizontal down by 0.5m in alternative bays. (See page
214).

Curved scaffolds can be constructed by using a combination of rectangular and trapezium


shaped bays (Scaffold Type A in the following pages) or from all trapezium shaped bays
(Scaffold Type B).

The circle is finally closed with adjustable ledgers or tubes and couplers ( if standard
horizontals will not do).

Rectangular bays are used as normal for a scaffold and over 1.5m, intermediate transoms will
be used in the normal way to cut down the span of the boards. Intermediate transoms cannot
be used in trapezium bays and therefore the length of these shown in the following tables has
been limited to cater for the allowable span of a 38mm scaffold board. If thicker boards are
used, greater lengths may be considered. Consult an SGB Design Office.

© SGB cup047a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 212

CUPLOK Circular Access Scaffolds

Use of 38mm thick


scaffold boards limits
span of Trapezium
bays to 1.3m.
However, if adjacent
boards cantilever by
Scaffold Type ‘A more than 150mm then
1.6m Transoms may be
used in bays where
boards are at the
higher level.

Scaffold Type ‘B’

Fillet piece

Minimum MINIMUM OVERLAP OF BOARDS

Guidance Notes

The following points should be observed in relation to laying decking boards.

1) All boards should run in the length of the scaffold.


2) Where rectangular bays with intermediate transoms are used, the boards over these bays must be at the lower
level of the two layers.
3) Preferably the overlapping boards of the upper layer should be cut to give a neat appearance.
4) Fillet pieces should be nailed across the ends of the overlapping boards, as shown in the diagram above.

The diameters, shown in the Tables on page 215, apply to scaffolds around the outside of circular structures.
For scaffolds on the inside of tanks, etc. , the same arrangements will apply for diameters approximately 3.0m
greater than those listed.

During erection care must be taken to see that the trapezium shaped bays are erected keeping a true shape on
plan, otherwise the desired diameters will not be achieved.

© SGB cup048a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 213

CUPLOK Circular Scaffold Outside the Structure

© SGB cup049a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 214

CUPLOK Circular Scaffold Inside the Structure

© SGB cup050a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 215

CUPLOK Circular Access. Some Typical Layouts

X Y Z Type Dia. of circle X Y Z Type

Horizontal Length in mm

1.300 0.6 B 19.808 1.3 1.0 1.3 A


1.295 0.6 B 19.907 1.0 0.6 2.5 A
1.250 0.6 B 21.857 1.3 0.9 2.5 A
1.200 0.6 B 23.333 1.0 0.9 B
1.000 0.6 B 24.112 1.3 1.0 1.8 A
0.900 0.6 B 29.272 1.2 0.9 2.5 A
1.300 0.9 B 29.800 1.2 1.0 1.3 A
1.295 0.9 B 30.139 1.3 1.0 2.5 A
1.250 0.9 B 31.127 1.3 1.2 B
1.200 0.9 B 32.770 1.295 1.2 B
1.200 0.6 1.3 A 36.281 1.2 1.0 1.8 A
1.300 1.0 B 45.354 1.2 1.0 2.5 A
1.300 0.6 1.8 A 57.125 1.0 0.9 1.3 A
1.295 1.0 B 62.338 1.25 1.2 B
1.200 0.6 1.8 A 64.925 1.3 1.2 1.3 A
1.250 1.0 B 64.938 1.3 1.25 B
1.300 0.6 2.5 A 70.115 1.0 0.9 1.8 A
1.000 0.6 1.3 A 72.161 1.295 1.25 B
1.200 1.0 B 77.915 1.3 1.2 1.8 A
1.200 0.6 2.5 A 88.302 1.0 0.9 2.5 A
1.300 0.9 1.3 A 96.102 1.3 1.2 2.5 A
1.000 0.6 1.8 A 132.537 1.3 1.25 1.3 A
1.300 0.9 1.8 A 158.533 1.3 1.25 1.8 A
1.200 0.9 1.2 A 194.926 1.3 1.25 2.5 A
1.200 0.9 1.3 A NOTE: Diameters apply to external scaffolds.

© SGB cup051a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 221

CUPLOK Circular Scaffolds.


Load Carrying Capacity Tying & Bracing

Guidance Notes

Load Carrying Capacity and Ties

In general the load carrying capacity of a Cuplok circular access scaffold is related to the tie pattern used in the
same way as a normal Cuplok access scaffold on a straight run.

General Rules for Ties

1) Ties should be of the normal rigid push/pull type and should be capable of resisting movement along the face of
the structure.
2) Ties should be within 300mm of a node point, either on the horizontals or the verticals.
3) Ties should connect to both the inside and outside horizontals (or verticals). If ties are only connected to the
inside horizontal or vertical, then plan braces should be put in at every tied level in the same bays as the face
bracing.
4) If ties have to be removed for any reason, then their function at that location must be taken over by the
introduction of plan bracing or ledger bracing to brace back to adjacent tie points.
Note the limitation shown on the tie pattern diagrams for the horizontal or vertical span of such arrangements.
This may mean that additional ties have to be put in. Care should be taken to see that the total number of ties on
any one face of the scaffold is not reduced to less than 90% of the number required by the basic pattern.
5) Scaffolds, extending above the building.
Scaffolds should not extend more than two lifts above the ground or above the last tied level, except unloaded
scaffolds under construction against the face of existing building when three lifts are permitted.
If bricklayers scaffolds are to have the working platform two lifts above the last tie, then ledger bracing should be
used for the two lifts under the platform. This may be removed when further ties have been positioned.

Face Bracing
Face bracing is required over the full height for one bay in every four.
Hop - Up Brackets
The rules for hop - up brackets, are the same as for straight runs.
Special Cases
Every effort should be made to comply with the rules for ties wherever possible. For scaffolds to steel tanks,
consideration should be given for anchorage to be welded on to the face of the tank.
However, occasionally it is not possible to secure the tie to the structure and the following special procedure should
be adopted. The design should be referred to the SGB Design Department for special checking.
1) Tie tubes should be firmly butted to the structure. Adjustable bases can be used in the ends of the tubes to
spread the load, and by adjusting them, firm contact can be made with the structure.
2) Full rings of plan bracing should be used at every tied level. Note that tie patterns Type C and Type D, are then
particularly useful.
3) Cuplok circular scaffolds, with butting ties, rely on the complete ring effect to keep them stable and secure and
therefore they must run completely around the structure and must be erected one complete lift at a time.

© SGB cup052a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 251

CUPLOK Timber Deck, Toe Board & Castor Wheel


for Mobile Tower

50 x 50
63mm Thick Timber Deck Board Timber block

38mm Thick Fixed Toe Board

Specification / Properties
63mm Thick Timber Deck Board 10 off. required per platform Weight 25 kg (each)
38mm Thick Fixed Toe Board 4 off. required per platform Weight 14.3 kg (each)
Castor Wheel (cast iron tyre) Weight 7.0 kg Code no: 279100
(rubber tyre) Weight 6.7 kg Code no: 279080

Guidance Notes
1) The Timber Units shown above are not stocked. Details are given for guidance only.
2) Castor Wheel 279100 - with wheel lock only & Cast Iron wheel.
3) Castor Wheel 279080 - with wheel lock only & Rubber Tyred Wheel.
4) Safe loads vary according to supplier, but SWL will be stamped onto castor.

© SGB cup053a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 261

CUPLOK General Arrangement for Mobile Tower

Maximum Working Loads 10 kN

Horizontals are used


as Handrails

Working platforms and


safety platforms must be
fully boarded and working
platforms must have toe
boards all round

Diagonal face brace

Plan braces to keep towers


square in plan (number of plan
braces depends on height of
tower)

Cuplok Castor wheels

Notes:
Special deck boards and
toe boards will not be
supplied with the tower.
They may be made up as
shown.
See page 251 for details

© SGB cup054a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 262

CUPLOK Platform Levels 1.9m to 10.9m for Mobile Tower

1.9m Platform 2.9m Platform 3.9m Platform See page 263 for 4.9m 5.9m Platform
Detailed Example

6.9m Platform 7.9m Platform 8.9m Platform 9.9m Platform 10.9m Platform

Notes: See page 264 regarding height to base ratio

© SGB cup055a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 263

CUPLOK Platform Level 4.9m Detailed Example - Mobile Tower

4.9m (approx) Platform Level from ground

Item no: Component

1 Plan Braces
2 Face Braces
3 Cuplok Vertical
4 38mm Fixed Toeboard
5 Spigot Pin
6 Castor Wheel
7 Cuplok Horizontals

Guidance Notes:
1) For details on 1.9m to 10.9m Platform Levels see page 262
2) For details on Timber Deck and Fixed Toeboard use see page 251

© SGB cup056a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 264

CUPLOK Schedule of Components & Make-Up of Mobile Towers

Schedule of Components

Height of Working Platform (m)


Components 1.9m 2.9m 3.9m 4.9m 5.9m 6.9m 7.9m 8.9m 9.9m 10.9m Code
no:
2m Verticals - 8 4 - 8 4 - 8 4 -
3m Verticals 4 - 4 8 4 8 12 8 12 16
2.5m Horizontal 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 28 28 32
2.5m x 2.5m 1 1 1 2 3 3 3 3 3 3
Plan Brace
2.5m x 2.0m - - 4 - 8 4 - 8 16 12
Face Brace
2.5m x 1.5m - 4 - 12 8 12 16 12 4 12
Face Brace
Spigot Pin - 4 4 4 8 8 8 12 12 12
Toeboard Clips 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
2.650 Timber
Deck Boards 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
(63mm thick)
Toeboards 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Cast Iron Castor 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Wheels or
Rubber Tyred 4 4 4 4 4 - - - - -
Castor Wheels

Guidance Notes
i.e
1) The maximum height of free-standing Mobile Towers used inside enclosed buildings ( no wind loading) must
not exceed a height to base ratio of 3.5 : 1.
2) For other free standing towers, the maximum height must not exceed a height to base ratio of 3 : 1. If exposed
to high winds, stability checks must be made.
3) For heights greater than this, stability calculations must be made.
4) The stability of the Towers may be increased by:- i) Using stabilisers.
ii) Weighting the base of the Tower.
iii) Tying the Tower into a stable structure.
5) If rubber tyred castor wheels are used, the maximum height of the working platform is reduced to 5.9m
6) Warning:- i) The castor wheels must be secured to the Tower and locked against rolling.
ii) The Tower must not be moved whilst it is supporting men or materials.

© SGB cup057a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 301

Cuplok Staircase Unit 1.5m & 2.0m Lift

Staircase Unit 2m Lift (All Steel)

Staircase Unit 1.5m Lift

Plywood Deck

Specification / Properties
Staircase Unit 1.5m Lift Weight 50 kg Code no: 279400
Staircase Unit 2m Lift (All Steel) Weight 65 kg Code no: 279420

Guidance Notes
1) The Cuplok Staircase Tower is mainly built up of standard Cuplok items. Additional items required for the 2m lift
Tower are the 2.0m Staircase Unit and the Guardrail Post on the 8 leg Tower.
2) If the first lift of the Tower is 1.5m, then the additional items required are the 1.5m Staircase Unit, and the
Guardrail Post on the 8 leg Tower.
3) Landing Platforms are formed from timber or steel battens resting on Omega Transoms.
4) Not for public access, site use only

© SGB cup058a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 301A

Cuplok Staircase Unit - Public Access / Guard Rail

Public Staircase Unit 2m Lift (All steel)

Guardrail

Swivel Blade
Half swivel
Coupler

Specification / Properties

Staircase Unit 2m Lift (All Steel) Weight 102.5 kg Code no: 299898
Guardrail Weight 12.8 kg Code no:

Guidance Notes
1) The Public Cuplok Staircase Tower is mainly built up of standard Cuplok items. Additional items required for the
2m lift Tower are the 2.0m Public Staircase Unit, the Guardrail Post on the 8 leg Tower and a guardrail with
swivel coupler one end.
2) Landing Platforms are formed from timber or steel battens resting on Omega Transoms.

© SGB cup059a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 302

CUPLOK Staircase Guard Post

Specifications / Properties

Staircase Guard Post Weight: 7.2kg Code no: 279380

© SGB cup060a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 01/05/99 Page 303

CUPLOK 4 Leg Stair Tower


Transom

120 1494 120


150

35
100 100
900 CRS

1800 CRS

ALL TUBE Ø48.3x3.2


'A'
142

150

Ø38 HOLE
Ø38 HOLE
50

50 66
8
'A'

75
8

END VIEW VIEW 'A' 'A'

Steel Batten Bearer


600 CRS

Ø48.3 x 3.2 107 50


45
2mm THK
40

40
55

107

50
6
550

Notes
All other components used in the 4 Leg Stair Tower are standard cuplok.

© SGB cup061a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 312

CUPLOK General Arrangement of 8 Leg Tower

Omega Transom

Guidance Notes
The Cuplok Staircase Tower is available in two versions, having either 8 or 10 legs, choice to be made according
to the height and load capacity required. Plan dimensions of both Towers are 4.4m x 1.8m, with landing
platforms 1.3m wide and staircases 0.8m wide. The rise of each staircase unit is 2.0m. Exits can be made from
the landing platforms by suitably rearranging the guardrails. Permissible heights, depending on loading and tie
pattern, are shown on page 321.

© SGB cup062a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 313

CUPLOK General Arrangement of 10 Leg Tower

Omega Transom

Guidance Notes
1) The ten Leg Tower has the same principal dimensions as the 8 leg Tower; permissible heights depending on
loading and tie pattern are shown on page 321.

© SGB cup063a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 313A

CUPLOK General Arrangement of 10 Leg Tower (Public Access)

Omega Transom

Guidance Notes
1) The ten Leg Tower for public access has the same principal dimensions as the 8 leg Tower; except for middle
bay which is 2.5m. Permissible heights depending on loading and tie pattern are shown on page 321. * The
width of the tower is 2.5m and 1.25m horizontals are required in the centre bay.

© SGB cup064a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 314

CUPLOK 1.5m Base Lift

These members are raised to


allow headroom clearance and
free access to bottom landing

Omega Transom

Guidance Notes
1) When a Staircase tower is built to give access to a Cuplok scaffold having a base lift of 1.5m and higher lifts of
2.0m, then the 1.5m stairway unit should be used at the base of the Tower, as shown above.
2) It is also possible to use a 1.5m lift at the very top of the Tower, in which case an extra 1.8m horizontal is
required as a guardrail at position XX, plus full guardrails to the landing platform.

© SGB cup065a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 01/05/99 Page 314A

CUPLOK 4 Leg Stair Tower

8
4

5 1

2
2

8 3
6 3

3.0m 1.8m

9 10 Verticals 270300, 270200, 270100


1
2 Horizontals 271180, 271300
3 Swivel Face Braces 276207, 276180
5
7 4 Stair Handrails 276180
5 Platform Handrails 271090, 271060
10 6 Staircase Unit 279420
7 Steel Battens 274517
8 Handrail Post 279240
5
9 Transom
Plan on Top Platform 10 Steel Batten Bearer

© SGB cup066a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 01/03/99 Page 314B

CUPLOK 4 Leg Stair Tower

4m Tie Pattern 8m Tie Pattern

8.00m
4.00m
Tie

Tie
4.00m

8.00m
Tie
4.00m

Tie

4.00m
Tie
4.00m

Tie
• The Ties must restrain movement
Stair Tower
along both axes of the Tower.
Tie
• Face Brace all four faces.
Tie Tie
• Towers must not be sheeted without
Plan on Tower
reference to SGB Design Office.

Stair Tower

Tie Tie Tie Tie

© SGB cup148a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 315

CUPLOK Details of Tying and Bracing

Tie Pattern 1. Tie Pattern 2.

- - - - - - - Indicates a Plan or Face Brace - - - - - - - Indicates a Plan or Face Brace

• The Ties must restrain movement along • The Ties must restrain movement along
both axes of the Tower. both axes of the Tower.

• plan brace each tied lift • plan brace each ift


• staircases act as plan bracing • brace both side faces
• front and back braced (partly by staircases • staircases act as plan bracing
and guardrails) • front and back braced (partly by
staircases and guardrails)

© SGB CUPLOK2U.DOC
Applications
Issue A
Date 01/10/98 Page 316

CUPLOK Staircase Towers - Summary


1.3m 4 LEG STAIR TOWER
Weight per lift:- Bottom lift:- 242 kg
Middle lift:- 188 kg
Top lift:- 225 kg
Max height:- 40m
2.5m

Load duty:- 200kg per lift


Stair width:- 535mm
Tie spacing:- 8m vertically
For details see Dutch data sheets code D20 pages 71-77
1.8m

8 LEG STAIR TOWER


1.3m

Weight per lift:- 448kg per 2m lift


270 kg per 1.5m base lift (with no guardrails)
Max height:- 33m loaded to 75 kg/m2 per lift (ties 8m)
1.8m

23m loaded to 150 kg/m2 per lift (ties 8m)


38m loaded to 200 kg/m2 per lift (ties 8m)
Stair width:- 750mm
Tie spacing:- 4m or 8m vertically
1.3m

1.5m lift stair available for use at top or bottom of tower

1.8m

10 LEG STAIR TOWER


1.3m

Weight per lift:- 472kg per 2m lift


293 kg per 1.5m base lift (with no guardrails)
Max height:- 45m loaded to 75 kg/m2 per lift (ties 8m)
1.8m

32m loaded to 150 kg/m2 per lift (ties 8m)


53m loaded to 200 kg/m2 per lift (ties 8m)
Stair width:- 750mm
Tie spacing:- 4m or 8m vertically
1.3m

1.5m lift stair available for use at top or bottom of tower

2.5m
10 LEG STAIR TOWER (PUBLIC ACCESS)
Weight per lift:- 538kg per lift
1.3m

Max height:- 16m loaded to 300 kg/m2 per lift (ties 8m)
Stair width:- 1060mm
Tie spacing:- 4m or 8m vertically
2.5m
1.3m

THE ABOVE IS A SUMMARY FOR FULL CONDITIONS OF TIE SPACING AND BRACING OF 8
AND 10 LEG TOWERS, REFER TO DATA SHEET ON PAGE 321

© SGB cup068a.doc
Applications
Issue B
Date 04/10/01 Page 316

CUPLOK Staircase Towers - Summary


1.3m 4 LEG STAIR TOWER
Weight per lift:- Bottom lift:- 242 kg
Middle lift:- 188 kg
Top lift:- 225 kg
Max height:- 40m
2.5m

Load duty:- 200kg per lift


Stair width:- 535mm
Tie spacing:- 8m vertically
For details see Dutch data sheets code D20 pages 71-77
1.8m

8 LEG STAIR TOWER


1.3m

Weight per lift:- 448kg per 2m lift


270 kg per 1.5m base lift (with no guardrails)
Max height:- 33m loaded to 75 kg/m2 per lift (ties 8m)
23m loaded to 150 kg/m2 per lift (ties 8m)
1.8m

38m loaded to 200 kg per lift (ties 8m)


Stair width:- 750mm
Tie spacing:- 4m or 8m vertically
1.3m

1.5m lift stair available for use at top or bottom of tower

1.8m

10 LEG STAIR TOWER


1.3m

Weight per lift:- 472kg per 2m lift


293 kg per 1.5m base lift (with no guardrails)
Max height:- 45m loaded to 75 kg/m2 per lift (ties 8m)
32m loaded to 150 kg/m2 per lift (ties 8m)
1.8m

53m loaded to 200 kg per lift (ties 8m)


Stair width:- 750mm
Tie spacing:- 4m or 8m vertically
1.3m

1.5m lift stair available for use at top or bottom of tower

2.5m

10 LEG STAIR TOWER (PUBLIC ACCESS)


Weight per lift:- 538kg per lift
1.3m

Max height:- 16m loaded to 300 kg/m2 per lift (ties 8m)
Stair width:- 1060mm
Tie spacing:- 4m or 8m vertically
2.5m
1.3m

THE ABOVE IS A SUMMARY FOR FULL CONDITIONS OF TIE SPACING AND BRACING OF 8
AND 10 LEG TOWERS, REFER TO DATA SHEET ON PAGE 321

© SGB CUP068b
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 321

CUPLOK Permissible Heights & Loading Detail


for Staircase Tower

Guidance Notes

1) Two tie patterns are shown on page 315. The staircase units act as both plan braces and
diagonal braces. If any staircase unit has to be omitted this has to be replaced by additional plan
and diagonal bracing.

2) Ties must be rigid and must carry loads in all 4 horizontally directions. The maximum distance of a
tie to the nearest node point must not exceed 300mm. The staircase tower must not extend more
than 4.00m above the last tied level when in use.

3) The permissible heights of the staircase towers are shown in the table for various loading cases,
and for the two tower types. For other types of construction, tie pattens or loading cases, contact
the SGB Design Office.

4) The permissible height of the tower is calculated for the following load cases:

a) A uniformly distributed load on staircases and on boarded platforms

(i) 75 kg/m2 (ii) 150 kg/m2 (iii) 300 kg/m2 public access. (Limited by Cuplok System).

b) A total load of 100 kg per staircase and per boarded platform. This is approximately
equivalent to one man plus light tools, per metre of staircase height.

Staircase Tower Type Permissible Height of Tower (Metres)


2 2
Main UDL load 75 kg/m UDL load 150 kg/m Total load 100 kg
No. of Dimensions on staircase and on on staircase and on per staircase and per
Legs of tower in boarded platforms boarded platforms boarded platform
meters
Tie Tie Tie Tie Pattern Tie Tie Pattern 2
Pattern 1 Pattern 2 Pattern 1 2 Pattern 8.00m
4.00m 8.00m 4.00m 8.00m 1
4.00m
8 1.80 x 4.40 20 33 14 23 23 38
10 1.80 x 4.40 27 45 19 32 32 53

10 1.80 x 5.101 16 9 UDL load of 300 kg/m2 public access

5) All platforms to have double guardrails and toe boards.

6) Double guardrails parallel to the stairway on both sides must be used.

© SGB cup069a.doc
Loadings

Date 01/03/99 Page 322

CUPLOK 4 Leg Stair Tower

Guidance Notes:-

1) Two Tie patterns are shown on page 314B. The Staircase Units act as plan bracing, and if
it has to be omitted, it has to be replaced by additional plan bracing.
2) Ties must be rigid and must carry loads in all four horizontal directions. The maximum
distance of a tie from the nearest node point must not exceed 300mm. The Staircase Tower
must not extend more than 4.0m above the last Tie level when in use.
3) The permissible heights of the 4 Leg Stair Tower are shown in the table below for various
loading cases. For other types of construction of Tie patterns and loading cases, contact an
SGB Design Office.
4) The permissible height of the Tower is calculated for the following cases:
a) A uniformly distributed load on every staircase and platform of 75 kg/m2 and
150 kg/m2
b) A 90 kg load on every staircase and platform
5) A wind load of 770 N/m2 as in HD 1000 has been allowed for.
6) Self weight of Tower is 155 kg/m lift

U.D.L. of 75 kg/m2 per U.D.L. of 150 kg/m2 Concentrated load of


stair and platform per stair and platform 90 kg per stair and
platform
Tie Spacing 4 8 4 8 4 8
(m)
Permissible 38 36 28 26 38 36
height (m)
Tie Load (kN) 2.0 3.2 2.0 3.2
Dead + Live 15 14 11 10 15 14
Load (kN) *

* Foundations to Tower must be capable of 5kN above leg load figure to allow for wind loading.

© SGB cup149a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 351

CUPLOK Tension Joint for Slung Scaffold

Points ‘B’

2 Off. M12 x 70
long bolt c/w
nyloc nut

Loose Spigot

Section ‘A-A’
Specification / Properties
Tension Joint Note: The permissible tensile load on this connection is 12 kN.

Guidance Notes
Points ‘B’ Standard verticals and spigots drilled out 13Ø to suit M12 bolt.

© SGB cup070a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 401

CUPLOK Loading Tower - Board Bearer & Knee Brace

Board Bearer

Knee Brace

Horizontal

48.3 x 3.2 tube

Specification / Properties
Board Bearer Weight 17.3 kg Code no: 583090
Knee Brace Weight 8.23 kg Code no: 108590
Guidance Notes
Board Bearer
1) There are 8 Board Bearers spaced at 345mm centres which are used to transmit the working load to the Knee
Braced Horizontals.
Knee Brace
1) There are 4 Knee Braces which are used to support the Horizontals.

© SGB cup071a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 411

CUPLOK Guidance Notes for Timber used with Loading Tower

38mm Thick Timber Scaffold Board

38mm Thick Removable Toe Board

38mm Thick Fixed Toe Boards

Plan View of Platform

Fixed Toe
Boards 2 off. 38 x 38 Timber
Battens x
230 nailed to fixed
Toe Board.

Removable
Detail ‘A - A’
Toe Board

‘A’

Specification / Properties
38mm Thick Timber Scaffold Board 10 off. required per platform Weight 13.7 kg
38mm Thick Fixed Toe Boards 2 off. required per platform Weight 15.2 kg
38mm Thick Removable Toe Board 2 off. required per platform Weight 13.8 kg

Guidance Notes
1) The Timber Units shown above are not stocked. Details are given for guidance only
2) If there is direct access to a main scaffold then only two fixed toeboards will be needed.

© SGB cup072a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 412

CUPLOK General Arrangement for Loading Tower

Special deck boards and toe boards


will not be supplied with the Tower. Ledgers are used as
handrails
They may be made up from standard Working platforms and safety
scaffold boards. See page 411 for platforms must be fully boarded
details. and must have toe boards

AB9 Base jacks

© SGB cup073a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 413

CUPLOK Platform Levels (4.2/4.7/5.2/7.7m approx) Loading Tower

4.2m (approx) Platform Level (See Guidance notes below for other Levels)

Knee Braces
Board Bearers General Arrangement

Item no: Component

1 Board Bearer
2 2.5m Horizontal
3 Knee Brace
4 Face Brace
5 Cuplok Vertical
6 Base Jack AB9
Guidance Notes: 7 2.434m Boards
1) For a 4.7m Platform Level Item 5 would be all 3m Verticals 8 Plan Braces
2) For a 5.2m Platform Level Item 5 would have a 2.0m Vertical, 2.0m 9 Toe Boards
Vertical and a 3m Vertical in accending order.
3) For a 7.7m Platform Level Item 5 would have a 3.0m Vertical, 3.0m 10 Toe Board Clip
Vertical, 3.0m Vertical. 11 Spigot Pin

© SGB cup074a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 414

CUPLOK Schedule of Components & Make-Up of Loading Towers


Schedule of Components

Nominal Platform Height (using min. Base Jack Extension)


Components 3.2m 3.7m 4.2m 4.7m 5.2m 5.7m 6.2m 6.7m 7.2m 7.5m Code
no:
2m Verticals 4 4 - - 8 8 4 4 - - 270200
3m Verticals 4 4 8 8 4 4 8 8 12 12 270300
2.5m x 2m Face - 4 - - 4 8 - 4 8 12 276205
Brace
2.5m x 1.5m Face 6 2 6 10 6 2 14 10 6 2 276153
Brace
2.5m x 1.0m Face - - 4 - - - - - - -
Brace
2.5m Horizontals 18 18 22 22 22 22 26 26 26 26 271250
Knee Braces 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 279260
Adjustable Base 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 555609
Board Bearers 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
Spigot Pins 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 279340
Toe Board Clip 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 279200
2.434 Scaffold 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
Boards
Toe Boards 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
2.5m x 2.5m Plan 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Brace

Plan Plan
Figure 1 Figure 2

Make-Up of the Full Range of Cuplok Loading Towers

Make-Up of Platform Height (Approx.)


Towers
3.2 m 3.7 m 4.2 m 4.7 m 5.2 m 5.7 m 6.2 m 6.7 m 7.2 m 7.7 m
1m Lifts - - 1 - - - - - - -
1.5m Lifts 2 1 2 3 2 1 4 3 2 1
2m Lifts - 1 - - 1 2 - 1 2 3

Guidance Notes
Schedule of Components
1) The loading tower may be built into scaffolds up to 6m high. (See Figure 1.)
2) For use with scaffolds higher than 6m, the loading tower must be free standing and tied into the scaffold at
the top. (See Figure 2).
3) The joints in the standards should be staggered when the lengths of the standards used permits this to be
done.
4) For a greater range of adjustment of platform height Universal Jacks (Code no: 279550) together with
Baseplates (Code no: 279530) may be used instead of Adjustable Base (Code no: 555609).

© SGB cup075a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 421

CUPLOK Maximum Load Carrying Capacity for Loading Tower

Plan View A

Pallets

Plan View B

Guidance Notes
Plan View A: Four 10 kN Pallets (approx. 1.0m x 0.6m) may be placed in any position on the platform,
provided that they span across the Board Bearers, as shown.
Plan View B Six 8.25 kN Pallets (approx. 1.0m x 0.6m) may be placed in any position on the platform,
provided that they span across the Board Bearers, as shown.

© SGB cup076a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 451

CUPLOK Support Verticals & Support Horizontals


Support Vertical
Weight 11.6 kg
Code no 270233

Support Vertical
Weight 9.1 kg
Code no 270183

Support Vertical
Weight 6.6 kg
Code no 270133

Horizontal

Ø48.3 Typical

Horizontal

Support Verticals

Support Horizontals

Specification / Properties - Support Horizontals


Dim ‘L’ Application Weight Colour Code Code no
600 Troughs 2.65 kg - 271060
900 Waffles 3.73 kg - 271090
1000 900 Metriform Panel 4.10 kg - 271100
1200 Metriform Beam 4.81 kg White 271120
1250 Waffles 5.00 kg Red 271127
1600 1500 Metriform Panel 6.24 kg Black 271160
Guidence Notes
1) For details on 1300, 1800 & 2500 Horizontals see page 2

© SGB cup077a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 452

CUPLOK Internal Adjustable Braces

Specification / Properties

Internal Adjustable Braces (Short Brace) Weight 10.8 kg Code no: 279810
Internal Adjustable Braces (Long Brace) Weight 15.1 kg Code no: 279820

Short Brace X (m) 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.2 1.3 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.3
Y (m) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 2.0
L (mm) 1562 1640 1887 1921 1985 2059 2193 2343 2385

Long Brace X (m) 1.6 1.8 2.5 2.5 2.5 Maximum rating 12.5 kN
Y (m) 2.0 2.0 1.0 1.5 2.0 Tension or Compression
L (mm) 2561 2692 2692 2915 3202

Guidance Notes
1) On the adjustable braces, length to be set prior to fixing by positioning the locating pin on the clamp in the
appropiate hole and tightening the nut.
2) Internal adjustable brace introduced in 1983. Replaces Telescopic brace with half couplers in UK.

© SGB cup078a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 453

CUPLOK 400mm / 500mm Jacks , Adaptor


& Socket Baseplate

Adaptor

Jacks 400mm
& 500mm

Socket Baseplate

Specification / Properties

Adaptor Weight 2.3 kg Code no: 279500


Socket Baseplate Weight 2.1 kg Code no: 289530

Jacks
400mm Weight 3 kg Dim ‘L’ 660 Dim ‘X’ 0 to 420 Code no: 279540
500mm Weight 3.9 kg Dim ‘L’ 860 Dim ‘X’ 0 to 620 Code no: 279550

© SGB cup079a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 454

CUPLOK 170mm Forkhead, 150mm Forkhead,


& 75mm Forkhead

2 Holes 5Ø

150mm Forkhead
Weight 3.7 kg
Code no. 279653

2 Holes 5Ø

75mm Forkhead
Weight 3.9 kg
Code no. 279650

2 Holes 5Ø

170mm Forkhead
Weight 5.2 kg
Code no. 279657

Guidance Notes
1) The 186mm Forkhead is wide enough to accept a MKII Soldier

© SGB cup080a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 455

CUPLOK Cantilever Frame 1m Deep &


Cantilever Frame 1.5m Deep

Cantilever Frame 1m Deep


Weight 19.1 kg
Code no 279610
(See Guidance Notes)

Cantilever Frame 1.5m Deep


Weight 20.5 kg
Code no 279615
(See Guidance Notes)

Guidence Notes
1) The permissible loadings given for the Cantilever frames assumes that the bracing requirements given on
page 480 are fulfilled.
2) Permissible point load on any outer socket = 15 kN or U.D.L. on Transom of 8kN, (not both).

© SGB cup081a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 07/10/96 Page 456

CUPLOK Drophead Bracing Adaptor

4 Holes 14Ø

Specification / Properties
Drophead Bracing Adaptor Weight 3.6 kg Code no: 289160
Jack Penetration 110 mm S.W.L. = 40kN along vertical axis
For details of Drophead see Metriform data sheets.

© SGB CUPLOK1P.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 457

CUPLOK Guard Post Bracket

4 holes 14Ø

Specifications

Guard Post Bracket weight 1.7 kg code no. 279700

© SGB cup083a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 458

CUPLOK 75mm / 150mm Bracing Forkhead & Bracing Plate

150mm Bracing Forkhead

75mm Bracing Forkhead

Bracing Plate

4 holes

Specification / Properties

150mm Bracing Forkhead Weight 4.0 kg Code no: 279681


75mm Bracing Forkhead Weight 4.2 kg Code no: 279676

Bracing Plate Weight 2.4 kg Code no: 279510

Guidance Notes

1) The Spigot Pin Code 279340, cannot be used with the 150mm & 75mm Bracing forkheads or Bracing
Adaptor. To fix forkheads to jack use M8 x 60 bolt and nut.
2) The Bracing Coupler is used to adapt existing forkheads, adaptors and socket baseplates for use with the
jack Brace. See page 459 for more details

© SGB CUPLOK1R.DOC
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 459

CUPLOK Bracing Coupler, Jack Brace Type S & Type L

Black Hex Head Screw M8 x


‘T’ Bolt 30 may be used instead of
rivets.

Bracing Coupler

L Min. = 1277mm

L Max. = 2182mm

Jack Brace Type S

L Min. = 1688mm

L Max. = 2775mm
Jack Brace Type L

Specification / Properties SWL = 6.25kN

Bracing Coupler Weight 0.8 kg Code no: 279740

Jack Brace Type S Weight 6.8 kg Code no: 279720


(For horizontal bays up to 1.8m)
Jack Brace Type L Weight 10.9 kg Code no: 279710
(For horizontal bays up to 2.5m)

Guidance Notes

1) The Bracing Coupler is used to adapt existing forkheads, adaptors and socket baseplates for use with the
jack Brace.

© SGB cup085a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 460

CUPLOK Beam Bracket

View ‘A’

Specification / Properties For safe working loads see page 537

Beam Bracket Weight 6.6 kg Code no: 279780

© SGB cup086a.doc
Components
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 461

CUPLOK Swivel Base Plate & Rocking Forkhead


Swivel Base Plate

Maximum angle q = 60°


θ For q =0° - 60°, SWL = 57 kN
along axis of socket.

Rocking Forkhead

F = 57 kN max Support Bar

Max rotation of support bar ± 45°

Socket 95
long with
handles

SWL = 57 kN max. for all angles


and combinations of angles as
described above. Jack bracing Rotation =
requirements see data sheet 45° max
page

Secondary axis

For maximun permissible slopes of the formwork,


Rotation = 45° max see page 471.

Primary axis

Specification / Properties
Swivel Base Plate Weight 4.3 kg Code no: 279520
Rocking Forkhead Weight 6.85 kg Code no: 279686

Guidance Notes
Swivel Base Plate
1) It is important to secure the swivel base to a sound timber sole plate, such as a railway sleeper, with four
5
/8” dia x 4” long steel coach screws.
2) The load in the sole plate must be transmitted to a suitable and adequate foundation.
Rocking Forkhead
1) The Cuplok Rocking Forkhead replaces a normal forkhead where slabs with sloping soffits have to be
constructed. The design of the forkhead allows the primary timber beams to be sloped along their length
and also to be sloped in the transverse direction, so that the secondary timber beams fully contact the top
surface of the primary beams. Thus soffit formwork which slopes in two directions relative to the grid of the
supporting Cuplok structure, may be constructed.This is achieved by firstly erecting the forkheads to the
approximate level required. Primary and secondary timbers for a small part of the formwork area are placed
in position. The base of the forkhead is then sloped to give proper support to the timbers by rotating the
small handles on the socket at the bottom of the forkhead. Care should be taken to see that the support bar
is in full line contact with the underside of the forkhead.As it is very difficult to calculate exact setting levels
for the forkheads, it will probably be necessary to re-level the support jacks, whilst checking the required
levels at the form face. Due allowance should be made for the plywood thickness if this is not in place at the
time. Finally check the setting of the support bar.

© SGB cup087a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 471

CUPLOK Rocking Forkhead

Intersection of slope angles


Must lie within this envelope

Slope along primary beam axis ∝

Guidance Notes

1) The maximum permissible slopes of the formwork can be checked using the graph above. After the grid layout
of the Cuplok support scaffold has been established, the slopes in two directions at right angles,along the grid
lines can be ascertained.

2) Note that the primary bearers must run in the direction of maximum slope.

3) The slope on the primary beam axis (µ) and the secondary beam axis (b) are plotted on the graph, and
the point of intersection must lie within the envelope for the arrangement to be satisfactory.

© SGB cup088a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 472

CUPLOK Support Structures - Height Make Up


Top surface of
Forkhead
forkhead

jack

horizontal

Spigotless vertical

horizontal

Total Number of verticals


Vertical Spigotless Spigoted
length
1.30 1.80 2.30 1.00 2.00 3.00
(m)
1.30 1 - - - - -
Sipgoted 1.80 - 1 - - - -
vertical 2.30 - - 1 - - -
brace 2.80 - 1 - 1 - -
3.30 1 - - - 1 -
3.80 - 1 - - 1 -
4.30 - - 1 - 1 -
4.80 - 1 - - - 1
5.30 - - 1 - - 1
5.80 - 1 - - 2 -
6.30 - - 1 - 2 -
6.80 - 1 - - 1 1
7.30 - - 1 - 1 1
7.80 - 1 - - - 2
jack 8.30 - - 1 - - 2
8.80 - 1 - - 2 1
9.30 - - 1 - 2 1
9.80 - 1 - - 1 2
10.3 - - 1 - 1 2
Bottom surface
baseplate
of Baseplate

© SGB CUPLOK2X.DOC
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 472A

CUPLOK Support Structures - Top and Base Adjustments

© SGB cup090a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 472B

CUPLOK Support Structures -


Height Tables for Standard Combinations

© SGB cup091a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 473

CUPLOK Support Structures - Preferred Construction


Front Elevation Side Elevation

A
A

Spacing of Verticals

Section A - A

Guidance Notes
1) The most satisfactory type of structure is built by having continous lines of horizontals in both directions, as this
automatically gives accurate setting out of the verticals. This is particulary important when using Cuplok to
support the Metriform System.
2) Suitable horizontals are available for most purposes, as detailed on Data Sheet page 451.
3) Plan bracing is helpful to square up the intial verticals during erection, available Plan Braces being shown on
Data Sheet page 6.
4) The load carrying capacity of the structure depends upon the spacing of the verticals and various other factors
as shown in the Guide for Designers, pages 491 onwards.
5) Various combinations of verticals and jacks can be used to achieve different overall heights, as shown on Data
Sheet page 472. A spigotless verticals must always be used at the top so that a jack can be inserted.
6) When very long runs are to be constructed, consideration should be given to dividing the structure into smaller
sections, to avoid the build-up of adverse tolerances, either in the Cuplok or in the Formwork System.

© SGB cup092a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 474

CUPLOK Support Structures - Rows and Towers


Front Elevation Side Elevation With Ledger Braces

Front Elevation Side Elevation With Ledger Braces

A A

Section ‘A’ ‘A’

Guidance Notes
1) In special circumstances, where access is required through the support structure, rows of legs can be built as
shown in the diagram. In this case ledger bracing is required across each row.
2) Similarly, individual towers can be built, (for irregular spacing both directions). Such towers will have to be
ledger braced in both directions and a plan brace may be necessary to keep the tower square. Again, care
should be taken in the design of taller structures, paying particular attention to the overturning of the towers.
3) For rows and towers horizontal lacing should be used at vertical intervals of not less than 4 times the minimum
base dimension. This may be from Cuplok Ledgers if the spacing is suitable, or otherwise with tube and fittings.
If cantilever brackets are used, these must be loaded last and there must be sufficient weight on the main
structure to ensure stability.

© SGB cup093a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 475

CUPLOK Support Structures - Typical Arrangement with Timber

© SGB cup094a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 476

CUPLOK Support Structures - Details of Bracing

Front Elevation Side Elevation

B A A

Horizontal
F.S.
Brace

Brace

N.S.

Vertical

Section A - A View B

Guidance Notes
1) Diagonal Braces (for sizes see Data Sheet page 452) are fixed to the ledgers as shown, as close to the node
point as possible. The gap between the side of the brace and the node point should not be greater than 50mm.
2) The bracing should be put in immediately after each lift has been erected.
3) The amount of bracing required should be calculated, but a minimum amount of bracing always has to be used.
This requires one complete brace from the top to the bottom lacing level, on each row of standards, once in 7
bays, in each direction.
4) The correct detailing of head and base jack bracing is shown on pages 477 and 478.
5) Methods for calculating the amount of diagonal bracing are shown in the Guide for designers, pages 491
onwards.

© SGB cup095a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 477

CUPLOK Support Structures - Bracing of Jacks and Forkheads


Front Elevation

Cuplok Horizontal

A - Detail of Forkhead Bracing

B - Detail of Base Jack Bracing

Spigotless Vertical

T & F brace

Cuplok Horizontal
T & F brace
Guidance Notes
1. Height adjustment has to be carried out before the bracing is put on. Alternatively, jack braces can be used instead of Tube
& Fittings. See pages 458 and 459 for details.
2. In general, jack bracing should be avoided wherever possible, by designing the structure so that only the smallest jack
extensions are required at top and bottom. The extension of the jack at the top, and the bottom, should be balanced, to give
equal load carrying capacity, as shown on Data Sheets 491 onwards. Where jack bracing is necessary, it should be made
using the details shown in these diagrams.
3. If the formwork is continuous and with rigid connections between members, then forkhead lacing should not be required.
4. When forkhead or base jack bracing is required, then shortbridle tubes should be used to provide a connection for the
bracing. The use of the SGB Mark 3A right-angle coupler is recommended.

© SGB cup096a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 478

CUPLOK Support Structures - Jack Bracing with


Bracing Adaptor

‘A’ ‘A’

Cuplok Bracing Adaptor


Ledger

‘A’ ‘A’ Screw Jack


Detail of Top Jack Bracing
Tube & Fitting
Brace

Spigotless
Intermediate
Vertical
Bracing

Guidance Notes
1. Height adjustment has to be carried out before the jack bracing is put in.
2. The bracing adaptor is normally used on top of the jack where Metriform or W/T Dropheads are required. It may
also be used with timber formwork where there is a particularly long jack extension, but note that there is no
provision for a forkhead.
3. The bracing adaptor allows lacing with Cuplok horizontals. Tube and fitting are needed for the bracing only. The
use of Swivel Couplers for bracing should be avoided wherever possible and the use of the SGB Right-angle
Mark 3A Coupler is recommened, because of its higher load carrying capacity.
4. Alternative, jack bracing can be used at the base, see pages 458 and 459 for details.

© SGB cup097a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 479

CUPLOK Support Structures - Use of Cantilever


with Fork Heads

Forkheads

Internal Brace

Cantilever Frame

Horizontals
Spigotless Standard

Guidance Notes

If the cantilever frame is used, the horizontals must be placed as shown in the figure above. The bracing details
are explained on page 480

© SGB cup098a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 480

CUPLOK Support Structures - Bracing and use of Cantilever


Frames in 1.8m Wide Bays

Internal Bracing to Additional Internal


resist horizontal forces Bracing to support Top
Cantilve Frame adjustment

Cantilever
Frame

Verticals

Horizontals

Internal
Bracing

Base
Adjustment

Guidance Notes:
1) When the 1.5m cantilever frames are used, to full capacity (i.e. with a 15 kN point load) two additional braces
must be used. When the end point load is 11 kN or less, only one brace need be used as shown in the diagram.
2) When the 1m cantilever frames are used to full capacity, two additional braces must be used. When the 1m
cantilever frames are used and the end point load is 7.5 kN or less, only one additional brace need be used.
3) These additional braces are to cater for the horizontal forces imposed on the structure by the loads applied to
the cantilever bracket.
4) If possible, the structure should be loaded from the centre outwards, particularly where cantilever brackets are in
use. If, for some very special reason, the cantilevers have to be loaded first, then special attention must be paid
to the stability of the structure against overturning.
5) The above bracing requirements are for 1.8m wide bays. If the bay width is decreased, the load ratings for the
various bracing systems given above will also decrease.

© SGB cup099a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 481

CUPLOK Support Structures - Use of Beam Bracket


in a Structure

Beam Bracket -
Spigotless may also be used
Standard with short horn
uppermost

Horizontal

The Beam Bracket is detailed on page 460.

Loading details page 537

© SGB CUPLOK3D.DOC
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 491

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals

The following data sheets provide loading details on verticals made from BS 4360
Grade 50c material (i.e. verticals with 4 lug top cups as an identifier).

pages 492 to 505 are for general use, for vertical loads up to 57 kN

pages 493 to 506 give conditions for vertical loads up to 64 kN

pages 507 to 508 give conditions for vertical loads up to 74 kN

(Loading details for Grade 43 Cuplok are shown on pages 521 to 536)

© SGB cup101a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 492

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals


Permissible Loads - General Formwork and all Main Lifts
When jacks are braced, base and top lifts are considered as main lifts

Vertical Top

Vertical Top
First Horizontal Level
one cup down

The permissible load per vertical, when using forkheads or


headplates, are shown on the following pages with separate
graphs for top lifts and base lifts. This information applies
for jacks unbraced. The strength of the jack is automatically
allowed for by reading off against the appropriate value of
extension and horizontal load.

Values are given for the case of the horizontal in the first
cup from the top or bottom of the vertical and for the
horizontal in the second cup. The horizontal in the first cup
is to be preferred. The permissible loads per vertical are
shown on pages 493 to 505.

The tables below show the permissible loads per vertical for
all main lifts. The values apply regardless of the type of
formwork to be supported.
Permissible Loads per Vertical for Main Lifts in kN
Internal Verticals
Lift (m) Vertical Load (kN)
1.8m Bays 2.5m & 2.7m Bays
1.00 57.0 57.0
1.50 55.0 54.0
2.00 40.0 36.0
2.50 26.0 25.0

External Verticals
Bay Length (mm)
Lift 600 900 1200 1800 2500
(m)
1.0 57.0 57.0 57.0 57.0 57.0
1.5 55.5 54.5 53.5 52.0 51.0
Vertical Base
2.0 38.0 36.0 34.5 34.0 32.0

© SGB cup102a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 493

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork - Top Lifts 1.0m

The diagram show the permissible loads per vertical for the top lifts of 1.0m, depending on jack
extension and position of first horizontal level. See also the notes on page 551.

Jacks Unbraced - Top Lift 1.0m

Top jack extension (mm)


First horizontal one pocket down from top pocket

Note: For end verticals, reduce allowable load by 5%

© SGB cup103a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 494

CUPLOK Support Grade 50 Verticals


Permissible Loads - General Formwork Top Lifts 1.5m

The diagrams show the permissible load per vertical for the top lift of 1.5m depending on jack
extensions and position of first horizontal level. See also the notes on page 551

Top Lift 1.5m Jacks Unbraced

H = 0% V

1%
2%
2.5%
3%

Top Jack Extension (mm)

First Horizontal one pocket down

Note: For end verticals, reduce allowable load by 5%

© SGB cup104a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 495

CUPLOK Support Grade 50 Verticals


Permissible Loads - General Formwork Top Lifts 2.0m

The diagrams show the permissible load per vertical for the top lift of 2.0m depending on jack
extensions and position of first horizontal level. See also the notes on page 551.

Top Lift 2.0m Jacks Unbraced

H = 0% V

1%
2%
2.5%
3%

Top Jack Extension (mm)

First Horizontal one pocket down

Note: For end verticals, reduce allowable load by 5%

© SGB cup105a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 496

CUPLOK Support Grade 50 Verticals


Permissible Loads - General Formwork Top Lifts 2.5m

The diagrams show the permissible load per vertical for the top lift of 2.5m depending on jack
extensions and position of first horizontal level. See also the notes on page 551.

Top Lift 2.5m Jacks Unbraced

H = 0% V
1%

2%
2.5%
3%

Top Jack Extension (mm)

First Horizontal one pocket down

Note: For end verticals, reduce allowable load by 5%

© SGB CUPLOK5K.DOC
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 497

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 1m

1.3m Bays

© SGB CUPLOK5M.DOC
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 498

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 1.5m

1.3m Bays

© SGB cup108a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 499

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 2.0m

1.3m Bays

© SGB cup109a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 500

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 1.0m

1.8m Bays

© SGB cup110a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 501

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 1.5m

1.8m Bays

© SGB cup111a.doc
Loadings

Date 12/03/98 Page 502

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 2.0m

1.8m Bays

© SGB cup112a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 503

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 1.0m

2.5m Bays

© SGB cup113a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 504

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 1.5m

2.5m Bays

© SGB cup114a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 505

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 2.0m

2.5m Bays

© SGB cup115a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 506

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals


Permissible Loads on 1.5m and 2.0m Lifts
The vertical loads given below may be used on Cuplok support verticals when the following criteria is
met:-
1. A scheme drawing is prepared by an SGB Regional Design Office or by a Customers own Temporary
Works Department.
2. The scheme drawing must be checked by a competent designer other than the original designer.
3. The checking of the completed falsework structure against the scheme drawing is the responsibility of
the Contractor/Customer but the Technical Services Department must be prepared to assist when
necessary.
4. The rules for bracing must be observed.
5. An effective brace must extend from forkhead to base plate level. If braces are terminated within the
structure the vertical component force must be added to all other vertical forces and the total must not
exceed the loads stated.
6. The first and last Cuplok node point in the verticals must be laced with horizontals.
7. The falsework structure must be 4 or more bays long in both directions. Revert to the loads stated on
page 492, if this cannot be achieved.
8. The Cuplok verticals must be checked to ensure that grade 50c steel only is delivered to site. i.e. 4 lug
top cups.
9. All the vertical loads are applied axially, but see clause 7.3 of BS 5975.
10.Jacks at the head and base level may be loaded to values shown below provided they are fully and
effectively braced against horizontal loads.
Bracing

Bracing satisfies 2 conditions. It provides nodal restraint and resists external forces. Providing the
worst condition is catered for both conditions, satisfied.

This bracing can be provided externally, i.e. by the permanent works, or internally by the Cuplok
bracing system. In any event the bracing system must be capable of restraining 2.5% of the vertical
loads appied horizontally or all the known loads + 1% whichever is greater. Base and top jacks must
be effectively braced in both directions. The direction of the braces must be alternated. A diagonal
brace may be used to support a number of base/top jacks provided the base plate/fork heads are
effectively linked by the ground/formwork.

Guidance Note

For this heavier duty and in particular when new equipment is supplied, it will greatly assist in the
striking of the falsework if the top screw jacks are lubricated. A release tool is also available.

Lift Internal Verticals External Verticals


Height (m) 1.8m Horizontals 2.5m Horizontals 1.8m Horizontals 2.5m Horizontals
and below and below
1.5 64 60 55 50
2.0 50 45 40 35

© SGB cup116a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 507

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals


Permissible Loads on 1.5m and 2.0m Lifts acc. to BS5950 and BS5975 - UK

The vertical loads given on the following page, may be used on


Cuplok support verticals when the following criteria are met:
max. 350mm
1. A scheme drawing is prepared by a SGB Regional Design Office
or by a Customer’s own Temporary Works Department.
2. The scheme drawing must be checked by a competent designer
A other than the original designer.
3. The checking of the complete falsework structure against the
scheme drawing is the responsibility of the Contractor/Customer
but the Technical Services Department must be prepared to
top lift
assist when necessary.
4. The Cuplok verticals must be checked to ensure that grade 50c
steel only is delivered to site i.e. 4 lug top cups.
5. The first and last Cuplok node point (A and B) in the vertical must
be laced with horizontals.
6. The falsework structure must be 4 or more bays long in both
directions.
7. Jacks at the head and base level may be loaded to values shown
on the next page, provided they are fully and effectively
restrained against horizontal forces.
8. The extension of the jack is max. 350mm.
9. For all other configurations use the data sheets page 491
main lift onwards.
10.Foundations must be stable to prevent settlement.
11.For a purposely fabricated Formwork structure or system an
eccentricity of 5mm is assumed on the supporting CUPLOK
upright. For conventional Formwork the max. permissible
eccentricity is 25mm.
12.Verticals should be plumb to within 15mm over 2m of height
subject to a maximum displacement from the vertical of 25mm.
Horizontals to be checked for level.
main lift 13.The maximum wind conditions are according CEN HD 1000.
14.The unbraced scaffold is maximum 3 lifts high.
15.The rules for bracing must be observed - see page 508.
16.For the braced falsework scaffold horizontal loads on the
verticals must act at a nodepoint in which horizontals are fitted,
i.e. no secondary bending moments are permitted.
17.For braced scaffolds an effective diagonal brace must extend
from forkhead to base plate level. If braces are terminated within
base lift
the structure the vertical component force must be added to all
other vertical forces and the total must not exceed the loads
stated on the next page.

max. 350mm

© SGB cup117a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 508

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals


Permissible Loads on 1.5m and 2.0m Lifts acc. to BS 5950 and BS 5975 - UK

Bracing

Bracing satisfies 2 conditions. It provides nodal restraint and resists external forces. Providing
the worst condition is catered for both conditions are satisfied.

The bracing can be provided externally, i.e. by the permanent works or internally by the Cuplok
bracing system. In any event the bracing system must be capable to take-up all the horizontal
loads.

For braced scaffolds all base and top jacks must be effectively diagonally braced in both
directions. The direction of the braces must be alternated. A diagonal braced may be used to
support a number of base/top jacks provided the base plate/fork heads are effectively linked by
the ground or Formwirk.

Guidance note

For this heavier duty and in particular when new equipment is supplied it will greatly assist in the
striking of the falsework if the top screw jacks are lubricated. A release tool is also available.

Safe axial load (kN)


Braced Unbraced
Purposely Coventional Purposely Coventional
fabricated formwork fabricated formwork
formwork formwork
e = 5mm e = 25mm e = 5mm e = 25mm
Lift & Inter. Exter. Inter. Exter. Inter. Exter. Inter. Exter.
Horizontal
length
1.50 x 1.80 74 67 68 62 18.1 10.5 17.9 10.1
1.50 x 2.50 71 66 66 61 16.0 09.1 15.9 08.8
2.00 x 1.80 51 44 49 42 12.09 06.9 11.9 06.7
2.00 x 2.50 48 43 46 41 10.7 05.9 10.6 05.7

Note: For calculating the actual axial loads the own weight of the structure must be included.

© SGB cup118a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 509

CUPLOK Support - Grade 50 Verticals


Permissible Loads on 1.5m and 2.0m Lifts acc. to BS 5975 - UK

Conditions for purposely fabricated Formwork:

Beams wedged
to centre of
Timber wedges forkhead
e ≤ 5mm

Cuplok
forkhead Aluminium / steel / timber beam

Butt of 2 beams

e ≤ 5mm

e ≤ 5mm
T bolt clamp
Cuplok
Forkhead Centre of screw jacks

Remark: The eccentricity, e, of the load to the centre of the screw jacks may not exceed 5mm.

Conventional Formwork: The eccentricity, e, of the load to the centre of the screw jack may not exceed 25mm.

© SGB cup119a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 521

CUPLOK Support - Grade 43 Verticals


Permissible Loads - General Formwork and all Main Lifts
When jacks are braced, base and top lifts are considered as main lifts

Vertical Top

Vertical Top

First Horizontal Level


one cup down

The permissible load per vertical, when using forkheads or


headplates, are shown on the following pages with separate
graphs for top lifts and base lifts. This information applies
for jacks unbraced. The strength of the jack is automatically
allowed for by reading off against the appropriate value of
extension and horizontal load.

Values are given for the case of the horizontal in the first
cup from the top or bottom of the vertical and for the
horizontal in the second cup. The horizontal in the first cup
is to be preferred. The permissible loads per vertical are
shown on pages to .

The tables below show the permissible loads per vertical for
all main lifts. The values apply regardless of the type of
formwork to be supported and where the maximum length
of bay does not exceed 2.7m.
Permissible Loads per Vertical for Main Lifts in kN
Internal Verticals
Main Lift (m) Vertical Load (kN)
1.00 57.0
1.50 45.0
2.00 33.0
2.50 23.0

External Verticals
Bay Length (mm)
Lift (m) 600 900 1200 1800 2500
1.0 57.0 57.0 57.0 57.0 57.0
1.5 45.0 44.5 43.5 43.0 42.5
2.0 33.0 31.5 30.5 29.0 28.5
Vertical Base

© SGB cup120a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 522

CUPLOK Support Grade 43 Verticals


Permissible Loads - General Formwork Top Lifts 1.0m

The diagrams show the permissible load per vertical for the top lift of 1.0m depending on jack
extensions and position of first horizontal level. See also the notes on page 551.

Top Lift 1.0m Jacks Unbraced

H = 0% V

1%
2%
2.5%
3%

Top Jack Extension (mm)

First Horizontal one pocket down

Note: For end verticals, reduce allowable load by 5%

© SGB cup121a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 523

CUPLOK Support Grade 43 Verticals


Permissible Loads - General Formwork Top Lifts 1.5m

The diagrams show the permissible load per vertical for the top lift of 1.50 depending on jack
extensions and position of first horizontal level. See also the notes on page 551.

Top Lift 1.5m Jacks Unbraced

H = 0% V

1%
2%
2.5%
3%

Top Jack Extension (mm)

First Horizontal one pocket down

Note: For end verticals, reduce allowable load by 5%

© SGB cup122a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 524

CUPLOK Support Grade 43 Verticals


Permissible Loads - General Formwork Top Lifts 2.0m

The diagrams show the permissible load per vertical for the top lift of 2.0m depending on jack
extensions and position of first horizontal level. See also the notes on page 551.

Top Lift 2.0m Jacks Unbraced

H = 0% V

1%
2%
2.5%
3%

Top Jack Extension (mm)

First Horizontal one pocket down

Note: For end verticals, reduce allowable load by 5%

© SGB cup123a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 525

CUPLOK Support Grade 43 Verticals


Permissible Loads - General Formwork Top Lifts 2.5m

The diagrams show the permissible load per vertical for the top lift of 2.5m depending on jack
extensions and position of first horizontal level. See also the notes on page 551.

Top Lift 2.5m Jacks Unbraced

H = 0% V

1%
2%
2.5%
3%

Top Jack Extension (mm)

First Horizontal one pocket down

Note: For end verticals, reduce allowable load by 5%

© SGB cup124a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 526

CUPLOK Support Grade 43 Verticals


Braced Head and Base Jacks - Permissible Loads
Jack Bracing can be applied using tube and fittings, or the special bracing system shown on pages 458 and 459. The
carrying capacity of the braced jacks is shown in the graph underneath, depending on the centre to centre distance
of first Cuplok horizontal and lacing tube.

Values are given for the case of the horizontal in


the first cup from the top or bottom of the vertical
and for the horizontal in the second cup. The
horizontal in the first cup is preferred.

Distance to Horizontal

© SGB CUPLOK4Z.DOC
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 527

CUPLOK Support - Permissible Loads


General Formwork Base Jack Extension

Cuplok Jack
Code no 279550

Socket Base
Code no 289530

Base Jack Adustment


660 Max - 116 Min

Note: 1%, 2½ % & 5% plotted lines on graphs represent percentage of vertical load acting in a horizontal direction at
formwork level.

© SGB cup126a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 528

CUPLOK Support - Grade 43 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 1.0m

1.3m Bays

© SGB cup127a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 529

CUPLOK Support - Grade 43 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 1.5m

1.3m Bays

© SGB cup128a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 530

CUPLOK Support - Grade 43 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 2.0m

1.3m Bays

© SGB cup129a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 531

CUPLOK Support - Grade 43 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 1.0m

1.8m Bays

© SGB cup130a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 532

CUPLOK Support - Grade 43 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 1.5m

1.8m Bays

© SGB cup131a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 533

CUPLOK Support - Grade 43 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 2.0m

1.8m Bays

© SGB cup132a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 534

CUPLOK Support - Grade 43 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 1.0m

2.5m Bays

© SGB cup133a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 535

CUPLOK Support - Grade 43 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 1.5m

2.5m Bays

© SGB cup134a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 536

CUPLOK Support - Grade 43 Verticals

Permissible Loads - General Formwork Base Lifts 2.0m

2.5m Bays

© SGB cup135a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 537

CUPLOK Support - Safe Loads on Beam Brackets

The safe vertical load on the beam bracket is 20 kN.

It is not possible to obtain this rating without drastically reducing the load carrying capacity of the
vertical that supports it. Diagonal bracing within the structure must be provided in accordance
with the guide to bracing on page 553.

A guide to the reduced loading is given for the following 5 cases :-

Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4 Case 5

Vertical Load Grade 50 c Verticals Grade 43 c Verticals


on Reduced load in vertical Reduced load in vertical
Case Beam Bracket supporting beam bracket (kN) supporting beam bracket (kN)
(kN) 1.8m Horizontals 2.5m Horizontals 1.8m Horizontals 2.5m Horizontals
20 24 23 14 13
15 31 30 21 20
1 10 38 36 28 27
5 45 43 35 34
20 12 11 8 7
15 17 16 13 12
2 10 22 21 18 17
5 27 26 23 22
20 9 8 5 4
15 15 14 11 10
3 10 21 20 17 16
5 27 26 23 22
20 0 0 0 0
15 10 3 0 0
4 10 23 18 12 7
5 40 34 27 24
20 0 0 0 0
15 9 9 0 0
5 10 20 19 12 11
5 26 25 22 21

© SGB cup136a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 538

CUPLOK Support - Strength of Cuplok Node Point

The following information has been determined by tests.

W W

Compression on bottom cup

Average failure W = 118 kN

T T

Tension through Horizontals

Average failure T = 107.1 kN

© SGB cup137a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 551

CUPLOK Support - Guide to Designers - General Remarks


INTRODUCTION

The information on permissible loading is divided into sections depending on the type of
formwork to be supported, the geometry of the structure, and the grade of steel from which the
standards are made.

Two grades of steel have been considered for the verticals; BS4360 Grade 43, which was the
standard usage in the UK until November 1981, when SGB Limited started using verticals made
from Grade 50 steel: These are identified by a colour flash and four lug cups. SGB International
use both grades.

TYPE OF FORMWORK:

General Formwork:

Forkheads or Headplates to support timber on Du-al Form main bearers.

For support verticals from Grade 43 steel, see pages 521 to 536.

For support verticals from Grade 50 steel, see pages 491 to 509

General rules for bracing are given on pages 553 to 559

GEOMETRY OF STRUCTURE

For verticals of both grades of steel, information is given for:

The main lift - internal bays

- end bays

Top jack extension (unbraced) and top lift.

Bottom jack extension (unbraced) and bottom lift.


(also considering variation of bay size)

Braced jacks

Allowable loading per vertical

This is the least value taken from either:

The largest main lift (page 521 for Grade 43 and page 492 or 506 for Grade 50 steel).
OR
The top or base lift.

© SGB cup138a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 552

CUPLOK Support - Guide to Designers - General Remarks Cont

The permissible loading graphs for unbraced base lifts have been separated from those for
unbraced top lifts for general formwork. They are shown on pages 528 to 536 for Grade 43 steel
structures and pages 493 to 505 for Grade 50 steel structures.

The information on the load carrying capacity of the top or base lift also allows for the strength of
the jack and the effect of horizontal forces. Jack extension is a variable on the graphs and curves
are given for horizontal forces of 0, 1, 2, 2.5 and 3% of the vertical load (V) for top lifts, and 1,
2.5 & 5% for base lifts.

Notes:

1. For verticals at the beginning and end of a row, the loading figures for the top and base lifts
have to be reduced by 5%, except if jack bracing is used. This also applies to the use of
Cuplok in towers and single bays.

2. At least two lacing levels have to be used on each vertical.

3. Horizontal forces have to include wind forces, the effect of eccentricity, and out of plumb (as
per BS. 5975).

4. Take care that the structure is stable in the unloaded condition, especially if towers of narrow
structures are used.

5. All verticals should be erected plumb.

6. Horizontal forces should be distributed over all verticals as evenly as possible.

7. Sound footings should be provided to prevent settlement of the verticals.

8. For all cases not mentioned in these data sheets, contact an SGB Design Office.

© SGB cup139a.doc
Applications
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 553

CUPLOK Support - General Rules for Bracing

All Cuplok Support Scaffolds have to be adequately stiffened. This is usually done with diagonal
bracing, but can also be done by fixing the horizontal lacing against movement at every level by
tying to walls or columns, if necessary combined with plan bracing. The amount of diagonal
bracing required should be calculated, but a minimum of one brace for every 7 bays, in every
row, in both directions is required. The bracing should run from the top to the bottom horizontal in
a continuous diagonal line. This is preferable to the zig - zag or parallel bracing in one bay,
which has previously been recommended, as it reduces the additional load in a leg due to the
horizontal loading.

Jack bracing at the top and the bottom is only provided if required by calculation. It is preferable
to try and eliminate this bracing for economic reasons, but if this cannot be done, bracing to take
the full horizontal loading must be provided. Care should be taken to position the braces on legs
which will be loaded during concreting. When floors are concreted in bays, braces should be
positioned so that at least one brace occurs under each poured section.

Diagonal bracing is normally carried out with the purpose made braces. They are fixed to the
horizontals by an integral end coupler locked by a wedge bolt or the snap on type. If more than
one line of diagonal bracing is required in a panel, then it is recommended that alternate lines of
braces be sloped in opposite directions, as shown in the diagram. It is preferable that braces in
adjacent panels should also be alternated in direction, as shown by the dashed lines in the
diagram.

The maximum Safe Working Axial Loads of the braces in tension or compression depends on the
type of brace used.

© SGB cup140a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 554

CUPLOK Support - Permissible Loads in Verticals


Design Example

The following examples analyse the permissible vertical loads per vertical for 3 typical Cuplok
Support Structures of the same height.

A trial spacing of verticals has to be established after assessing the intensity of the load to be
supported and the type of formwork in use. By calculation, the vertical and horizontal loads per
vertical can then be established. The horizontal load is then usually expressed as a percentage
of the vertical load.

In the UK. it is normal to take a minimum value of H = 2.5%V. By inspection of the value of the
vertical loads, a trial vertical spacing of the horizontal is then chosen. The resulting arrangement
can then be analysed, using the data and graphs in the following pages. The three examples are
then analysed in a table..

If the actual vertical load per vertical is very close to the permissible, then it may be necessary to
assess the additional vertical load in certain legs, due to the transmission of horizontal loads by
the diagonal bracing.

Firstly, the total horizontal load per panel should be divided by the number of lines of diagonal
bracing per panel (in the design examples there is only one line of diagonal bracing).

The resultant force should then be multiplied by the distance from the base of the structure to the
point at which the force acts.

The resulting force should then be multiplied by the distance from the base of the structure to the
point at which the force acts.

The resulting moment should then be divided by the horizontal length of the line bracing. The
resultant figure is the additional vertical load on the verticals where the diagonal bracing
terminates and may act either upwards or downwards.

Downward forces give additional compression and are therefore the most critical. Each sub-
section of the calculation has to be examined to see whether this additional load makes the total
load exceed that which is permissible.

Note that with the introduction of the use of steel Grade 50 for the verticals (recognizable by their
top cups with four lugs) care is to be taken to use the correct data sheets when determining the
permissible loads for the main lifts. (Page 521 for Grade 43 and page 492 or 506 for Grade 50
Verticals), the top and base lifts unbraced. (Pages 522 to 525 for Grade 43 Verticals, pages 493
to 496 for Grade 50 Verticals), and the top and base lifts braced (page 526 for Grade 43).

© SGB cup141a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 555

CUPLOK Support - Design Example


Permissible Loads in Verticals Cont. 2

Note that BS. 5975: 1996, gives guidance on wind loading. It may therefore be necessary to
make this calculation in two parts, firstly for those horizontal loads from sources other than wind,
and secondly for the horizontal load solely due to wind.

Note that horizontal loads from wind, etc., at the formwork level do not necessarily have to be
taken down through the falsework by the provision of diagonal bracing. If, for example, it can be
shown that the formwork itself is capable of transmitting these loads to a rigid supporting
member, such as a series of columns or walls, then the amount of diagonal bracing required can
be reduced.

Unless each horizontal layer of horizontals is externally restrained by butting to adjacent walls or
similar, some diagonal bracing will always be required to prevent the Cuplok verticals from
buckling between points at the top and the bottom. The basis of design is usually that the
buckling length is between the horizontal lifts. To ensure that the structure is constrained to this
mode of buckling, diagonal bracing should be provided capable of resisting a notional horizontal
load of 2.5% of the vertical load at each horizontal level.

CASE A H=2½
% Vleg

V leg = 51 kN
VJ VJ VJ VJ VJ VJ

H H H H H H H

VJ VJ

Vh Vh

© SGB cup142a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 556

CUPLOK Support - Design Example Permissible Loads in Verticals Cont. 3


CASE B
H = 2.5% x Vleg
V leg = 23 kN
VJ VJ VJ VJ VJ VJ VJ

H H H H H H H

VJ VJ

Vh
Vh

CASE C V leg = 30 kN H = 4.0% x Vleg


VJ VJ VJ VJ VJ VJ VJ

H H H H H H H

VJ
VJ

Vh
Vh

© SGB cup143a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 557

CUPLOK Support - Design Example


Permissible Loads in Verticals Cont. 4

CASE A Required leg load V = 51 kN


Grade 50 Verticals (See pages 491 to 505 General Formwork)
with H = 2.5% x VJ as a minimum requirement and 1 diagonal brace for 7
verticals, the total horizontal load
H = 7 x 0.025 x 51 = 8.93 kN
then 8.93 x 6.0 = Vh x 6 x 1.8

6 x 8.93
Vh = = 4.96 kN
6 x 1.8

Total leg load V = V J + Vh = 51 + 4.96 = 55.96 kN <57 kN permissible.


(General use)

CASE B Required leg load V J = 23 kN


Grade 43 Verticals (See pages 521 to 536)
1 diagonal brace for 7 verticals,
then total horizontal force H = 7 x 0.025 x 23 = 4.03 kN, and

4.03 x 6
Vh = = 4.47 kN
3 x 1.8

then total leg load V = V J + Vh = 23 + 4.47 = 27.47 kN <30 kN permissible.

CASE C Required leg load V J = 30 kN


Grade 43 Verticals (See pages 521 to 536)
Horizontal force = 4.0% x V J
1 diagonal brace for 7 verticals,
then total horizontal force H = 7 x 0.040 x 30 = 8.4 kN

and 8.4 x 6
Vh = 5 x 1.8 = 5.6 kN

Total V = V J + Vh = 30 + 5.6 = 35.6 kN >32.5 kN permissible.


Total leg load V = 35.6 kN exceeds the permissible 32.5 kN, due to the increase
resulting from the horizontal force.

Assume the horizontal force is a combination of 2.5% wind loading and 1.5%
other forces.
The 1.5% component gives a horizontal load of
H 1.5% = 7 x 0.015 x 30 = 3.15 kN
resulting in an additional vertical load of
3.15 x 6
Vh 1.5% = 2.1 kN
5 x 1.8
=

© SGB cup144a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 558

CUPLOK Support - Design Example


Permissible Loads in Verticals Cont. 5

The total vertical load is then


30 + 2.1 = 32.1 kN >32.5 kN permissible.
The 2.5% component gives a horizontal load of
H2.5% = 7 x 0.025 x 30 = 5.25 kN
resulting in an additional vertical load of

Vh 2.5% = 5.25 x 6 = 3.5 kN


5 x 1.8

Due to the wind loading the total vertical load is now 32.1 + 3.5 = 35.6 kN,
which represents an increase of
35.6 32.5 x 100% = 9.5%
32.5
<25% permissible

CHECK ON DIAGONAL BRACES


CASE A Total horizontal load H = 8.93 kN
Steepest inclination from bottom jack to first ledger level then

F brace = 8.93 x √ 1.012 + 1.82 = 10.24 kN


1.8
F brace is permissible using tube and fittings with Mark 3A couplers (F allowable
= 12.5 kN), but not when using Jack brace (F allowable = 6.25 kN).

CASE B Total horizontal load per diagonal brace = 4.03 kN


Steepest inclination on 1.8 x 2.0m high bay

F brace = 4.03 x √ 1.82 + 2.02 = 6.02 kN <12.5 kN


1.8

CASE C Take total horizontal force H = 8.4 kN


Steepest inclination is on 1.8 x 1.5m high bay

then F brace = 8.4 x √ 1.8 + 1.5 = 10.93 kN


2 2
<12.5 kN
1.8

© SGB cup145a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 559

CUPLOK Support - Design Example Permissible Loads in Verticals Cont. 6

CASE A B C
Top of Vertical
Jack bracing Braced None None
Jack extension 300 300 150
Top lift - 1.50m 1.00m
Distance to horizontal 990 - -
Load graph page 492 523 522
Permissible load Vt (kN) 57 30 32.5

Bottom of Vertical
Jack bracing Braced None Braced
Jack extension 400 400 550
Base lift - 1.50m -
Distance to horizontal 1010 - 660
Load graph page 492 532 521
Permissible load Vb (kN) 57 37.5 45

Main Lift
Load graph page 492 521 521
Permissible load Vm (kN) 57 33 45

Permissible Leg Load (kN)


(lowest of Vt, Vb & Vm ) 57 30 32.5

Applied Leg Load V ¶ (kN) 51 23 30

Horizontal loads as
percentage of V¶:

〉 〉
a) From sources other than a)1.5%
wind b)2.5%
b) Solely due to wind 2.5% 2.5%

Additional load Vh in
vertical due to a)2.1
horizontal load 4.96 4.47 b)3.5

Total possible load in a) 32.1


Vertical (V¶ + Vh ) 55.96 27.47 &
a + b) 35.6

© SGB cup146a.doc
Loadings
Issue A
Date 12/03/98 Page 600

CUPLOK Support - Grade 43 Verticals


Vertical Loads on 1.5m and 2.0m Lifts
The vertical loads given below may be used on Cuplok support verticals when the following criteria is
met:-
1. A scheme drawing is prepared by an SGB International Design Office or by a Customers own
Temporary Works Department.
2. The scheme drawing must be checked by a competent designer other than the original designer.
3. The checking of the completed falsework structure against the scheme drawing is the responsibility of
the Contractor/Customer but the Technical Services Department must be prepared to assist when
necessary.
4. The rules for bracing must be observed.
5. An effective brace must extend from forkhead to base plate level. If braces are terminated within the
structure the vertical component force must be added to all other vertical forces and the total must not
exceed the loads stated.
6. The first and last Cuplok node point in the verticals must be laced with horizontals.
7. The falsework structure must be 4 or more bays long in both directions. Revert to the loads stated on
page 521, if this cannot be achieved.
8. All the vertical loads are applied axially, but see clause 7.3 of BS 5975.
9. Jacks at the head and base level may be loaded to values shown below provided they are fully and
effectively braced against horizontal loads.
Bracing

Bracing satisfies 2 conditions. It provides nodal restraint and resists external forces. Providing the
worst condition is catered for both conditions, satisfied.

This bracing can be provided externally, i.e. by the permanent works, or internally by the Cuplok
bracing system. In any event the bracing system must be capable of restraining 2.5% of the vertical
loads appied horizontally or all the known loads + 1% whichever is greater. Base and top jacks must
be effectively braced in both directions. The direction of the braces must be alternated. A diagonal
brace may be used to support a number of base/top jacks provided the base plate/fork heads are
effectively linked by the ground/formwork.

Guidance Note

For this heavier duty and in particular when new equipment is supplied, it will greatly assist in the
striking of the falsework if the top screw jacks are lubricated. A release tool is also available.

Lift Internal Verticals (kN) External Verticals (kN)


Height (m) 1.8m Horizontals 2.5m Horizontals 1.8m Horizontals 2.5m Horizontals
and below and below
1.5 51.5 50.7 44.0 42.2
2.0 43.7 40.7 35.0 31.7

© SGB cup147a.doc