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Name : Kishaan A/L Gopal Krishnan

Class : 1 lambda
Teacher : Frau Kok Foong Moi
School : SMK DOTO ONN
• AUDI
• BMW
• MERCEDEZ BENZ
• OPEL
• PORSHEA
• SMART
• VOLKSWAGON
• BUGARTZ BURTZ
• EMW
• JETCAR
Audi AG is a German manufacturer of a range of automobiles, from supermini to
crossover SUVs in various body styles and price ranges that are marketed under the Audi
brand, German pronunciation: [ˈaʊdi].

The company is headquartered in Ingolstadt, Germany, and has been a wholly owned
(99.55%) subsidiary of Volkswagen AG since 1964. Volkswagen relaunched the Audi
brand with the 1965 introduction of the Audi 60 range. Shortly thereafter the name was
acquired as part of Volkswagen's purchase of the Auto Union assets from former owner,
Daimler-Benz.

The company name is based on the surname of the founder August Horch, meaning listen
— which, when translated into Latin, becomes Audi.
After World War I, BMW was forced to cease aircraft (engine) production by the terms
of the Versailles Armistice Treaty.The company consequently shifted to motorcycle
production in 1923 once the restrictions of the treaty started to be lifted followed by
automobiles in 1928–29The circular blue and white BMW logo or roundel is portrayed
by BMW as the movement of an aircraft propeller, to signify the white blades cutting
through the blue sky – an interpretation that BMW adopted for convenience in 1929,
twelve years after the roundel was created. The emblem evolved from the circular Rapp
Motorenwerke company logo, from which the BMW company grew, combined with the
white and blue colors of the flag of Bavaria, reversed to produce the BMW roundel.
However, the origin of the logo being based on the movement of a propeller is in dispute,
according to an article recently posted by the New York times, quoting "At the BMW
Museum in Munich, Anne Schmidt-Possiwal, explained that the blue-and-white company
logo did not represent a spinning propeller, but was meant to show the colors of the Free
State of Bavaria."

In 1958, Mercedes-Benz entered into a distribution agreement with the Studebaker-


Packard Corporation of South Bend, Indiana (USA), makers of Studebaker and Packard
brand automobiles. Under the deal, Studebaker would allow Mercedes-Benz access to its
dealer network in the U.S., handle shipments of vehicles to the dealers, and in return,
receive compensation for each car sold. Studebaker also was permitted to use the German
automaker's name in its advertisements, which stressed Studebaker's quality over
quantity.

When Studebaker entered into informal discussions with Franco-American automaker


Facel Vega about offering Facel Vega Excellence model in the United States, Mercedes-
Benz objected to the proposal. Studebaker, which needed Mercedes-Benz distribution
payments to help stem heavy losses, dropped further action on the plan.
The company was founded in Rüsselsheim, Hesse, Germany on 21 January 1863 by
Adam Opel. At the beginning, Opel just produced sewing machines in a cowshed in
Rüsselsheim. Above all, his success was based on his perfectly customized sewing
machines. Because of the quick growth of his business, in 1888 the production was
relocated from the cowshed to a more spacious building in Rüsselsheim. Encouraged by
success, Adam Opel launched a new product in 1886: He began to sell high-wheel
bicycles, also known as penny-farthings. Besides, Opel's two sons participated in high-
wheel bicycle races and thus promoted this means of transportation. Therefore, the
production of high-wheel bicycles soon exceeded the production of sewing machines. At
the time of Opel's death in 1895, he was the leader in both markets.
Porsche Automobil Holding SE, usually shortened to Porsche SE , a Societas
Europaea or European Public Company, is a German automotive manufacturer of luxury
high performance automobiles, which is majority-owned by the Piëch and Porsche
families. Porsche SE is headquartered in Zuffenhausen, a city district of Stuttgart, Baden-
Württemberg.

Porsche SE has one main subsidiary – Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG (which stands for
Doktor Ingenieur honoris causa Ferdinand Porsche Aktiengesellschaft), often shortened
to Porsche AG, which is responsible for the actual production and manufacture of the
Porsche automobile line. The company is also the majority shareholder in Volkswagen
AG, the parent company of the Volkswagen Group, which includes (but is not limited to)
the automotive marques Audi, Volkswagen, Bentley Motors, Bugatti Automobiles,
Škoda, Lamborghini and SEAT.
In the late 1980s SMH (makers of the Swatch brand of watches) CEO Nicolas Hayek
began developing an idea for a new car using the same type of manufacturing strategies
and personalization features used to popularize Swatch watches. He believed that the
automotive industry had ignored a sector of potential customers who wanted a small and
stylish city car. This idea soon became known as the "Swatchmobile". Hayek's private
company Hayek Engineering AG began designing the new car for SMH, with seating for
two and a hybrid drivetrain.
Volkswagen was originally founded in 1937 by the Nazi trade union, the German Labour
Front (Deutsche Arbeitsfront). In the early 1930s German auto industry was still largely
composed of luxury models, and the average German rarely could afford anything more
than a motorcycle. Seeking a potential new market, some car makers began independent
"peoples' car" projects - Mercedes' 170H, Adler's AutoBahn, Steyr 55, Hanomag 1,3L,
among others. The trend was not new, as Béla Barényi is credited with having conceived
the basic design in the middle 1920's. Josef Ganz developed the Standard Superior (going
as far as advertising it as the "German Volkswagen"). Also, in Czechoslovakia, the Hans
Ledwinka's penned Tatra T77, a very popular car amongst the German elite, was
becoming smaller and more affordable at each revision. In 1933, with many of the above
projects still in development or early stages of production, Adolf Hitler declared his
intentions for a state-sponsored "Volkswagen" program. Hitler required a basic vehicle
capable of transporting two adults and three children at 100 km/h (62 mph). The
"People's Car" would be available to citizens of the Third Reich through a savings
scheme at 990 Reichsmark, about the price of a small motorcycle (an average income
being around 32RM a week).

Towards the end of 1933, Dr. Everhard Bungartz, director of the newly established
company Bungartz & Co., contacted Josef Ganz because he wanted to develop and build
a small car according to his patents.

Technically the new Bungartz Butz model was very similar to the Standard Superior,
introduced one year earlier. It featured a tubular chassis, a mid-mounted engine, and
independent wheel suspension with swing-axles at the rear.

The Bungartz Butz was available in two basic versions: the Butz Cabrio-Limousine and
the Butz Touren-Wagen. Both versions were two-seaters. The Butz had a plywood body
covered in artificial leather and fitted with metal wings. The available colour schemes
were either silvery gray, dark blue, sea green or beige, with black wings, wheel rims and
chassis. Also available for the Butz was a special small trailer with backbone chassis and
swing axles
Eisenacher Motorenwerk (EMW) was an East German manufacturer of automobiles
and motorcycles based in Eisenach. EMW also entered Formula One as a constructor in
1953, but participated in only one race, the 1953 German Grand Prix. One of the pre-
World War II BMW factories was located in Eisenach, which after the war was taken
over by the Soviets, since Eisenach was situated in the Soviet occupation zone. The
factory continued producing cars and motorcycles under the BMW brand, but after a
lawsuit in 1952 they had to change the name to EMW instead. The logotype was also
similar, but instead of the blue BMW used, EMW used red. Later the automobile section
of EMW became VEB Automobilwerk Eisenach and built the Wartburg. Motorcycle
manufacture ended in the 1950s and was replaced by the AWO 425 built by Simson .
Jetcar is a brand of small car manufactured by Jetcar Zukunftsfahrzeug GmbH in
Neuruppin, Germany. The company was established in 2000. The car has two seats, with
the passenger sitting behind the driver. It is built using carbon fibre and costs between
48,000 to 58,000 euro including taxes in Germany. The manufacturer has limited
production of the vehicle to 100 cars. The car consumed 2.8l of diesel per 100 kilometers
(82miles per US gallon) during an official TÜV test. Top speed for the car is 160 km/h
(100mp/hr). The drivers seat looks similar to a cockpit, which may be the reason for car's
name. The engine is the diesel engine from a Smart (car).