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THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION

NATIONAL CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY


EDUCATION 2007
(Level 1)

INTEGRATED SCIENCE

TIME: 90 MINUTES

Student’s Name _________________________________________________

School’s Name__________________________________________________

School’s ID

Student's Number
TABLE

NUMBER

EXAMINER

INITIALS

MARKER

INITIALS

QUESTION

6
5
4
3
2
1

1
NUMBER

KC
For Examiner’s Use Only

UK

TOTAL
INSTRUCTIONS
SECTION I

1. In Section I, there are forty (40) multiple-choice questions. You are required to answer ALL
questions on the multiple-choice answer sheet provided.

2. Complete the following information on the multiple-choice answer sheet using a 2 HB pencil
only (if it has not already been completed):

• School’s Name
• School’s ID
• Student’s Name
• Student’s Number
• Date of Birth
• Subject

3. If an answer must be changed, completely erase the first answer, then shade your new answer.

4. On the multiple-choice answer sheet DO NOT

• write anything on the top and sides


• staple
• punch holes
• tear
• make stray marks

5. You should spend approximately 40 minutes on Section I.

6. Record your answers for Section I on the multiple-choice answer sheet by shading the selected
letter completely.

7. In Section II, there are six (6) questions. Answer all questions in the spaces provided in this
booklet.
8. You should spend approximately 50 minutes on Section II. If you are finished before time is
called, go back and check your work.

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SECTION I - MULTIPLE CHOICE
Answer all questions.

1. In a plant cell photosynthesis 4. The following graph represents the


takes place in the temperature changes of yeast respiring
in a sealed flask.
A. nucleus
B. chloroplast Temperature Changes of Respiring Yeast
C. cytoplasm
D. vacuole 50

C )
o
45

T e m p e ra t u re (
40
2. Two (2) structures found in animal cells 35
are 30
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A. cell wall and cell membrane 0 20 40 60 80 100 120

B. cell wall and nucleus Time (mins.)


C. cell membrane and nucleus
D. cell membrane and chloroplast
After how many minutes was the
maximum rate of respiration achieved?
3.
BEFORE AFTER A. 40
B. 45
POTATO C. 50
D. 60
SUGAR

WATER 5. Four samples of milk were treated as


shown below:

A potato was set up as shown in the


diagram above. After a short while, liquid
appeared in the cavity containing the
sugar. The process that best explains this
observation is
1 2 3 4
Sealed Boiled then Left open Boiled then
A. osmosis without left open without sealed
B. diffusion boiling boiling
C. hydrolysis
D. oxidation In which flask will the milk take longest
to turn sour?

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4

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6. Which of the words listed below correctly 10.
describe the processes labeled I and II? Jan your perfume smells
nice
I II
SOLID LIQUID GAS

Thank you Ann!


A. (I) Melting and (II) evaporation
B. (I) Condensation and (II) evaporation
C. (I ) Melting and (II) condensation
D. (I) Condensation and (II) boiling Which process best explains how Ann was
able to smell Jan’s perfume in the picture
above?
7. A separating funnel can be used to
separate A. Brownian motion
B. Dissolution
A. sugar and water C. Diffusion
B. alcohol and water D. Evaporation
C. oil and water
D. sand and water
11. Which one (1) of the following groups
contains only renewable energy sources?
8. An element has an electronic
configuration 2:8:1. Sodium is found in A. Coal, oil and gas
group B. Coal, wind and oil
C. Sun, wind and oil
A. 1 D. Sun, wind and tide
B. 2
C. 8
D. 11 12. Chemical energy is stored in a/an

A. apple
9. Which one (1) of the following processes B. moving car
can be used to decide whether a dye is a C. stretched rubber band
single colour or mixture? D. lit bulb

A. Chromatography
B. Distillation 13. Which of the following BEST represents
C. Filtration the energy changes taking place while a
D. Crystallization pen is falling from a table to the floor?

A. Kinetic sound
B. Potential sound
C. Potential kinetic
D. Mechanical kinetic

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14. Convectional currents are set up when 18. Skin is an example of a
hot air rises, cools and sinks (falls). An
air conditioner cools a room by A. cell
convectional currents. Therefore, the B. tissue
best place to place an air conditioner in C. organ
a room is D. system

A. at the bottom of the wall


B. midway up the wall 19. There is a break in the wires of a circuit.
C. at the top of the wall Which of the following can you use to
D. at the same level with the bed complete the circuit?

A. Plastic
15. Respiration can BEST be defined as B. Silicone
C. Paper clip
A. breathing in and out D. Paper strip
B. a process by which air is
exchanged in the body
C. food being oxidized to produce
energy 20. (I) N N
D. production of carbon dioxide
(II)
S N
16. The liquid part of blood is called (III) N S
plasma. The major constituent of
plasma is
(IV) S S
A. white blood cells
B. red blood cells
C. platelets In which sets of magnets labeled I to IV
D. water above will there be magnetic repulsion?

A. (I) and (II)


17. Which of the statements about our B. (I) and (III)
circulatory system is correct? C. (II) and (IV)
D. (I) and (IV)
A. Arteries take blood towards the
heart
B. Veins take blood away from the 21. The liquid pressure at the bottom of a
heart water container
C. Blood leaves the heart from the
ventricle A. increases as the height of water
D. Arteries have valves to prevent the increases
backflow of blood to the heart B. decreases as the height of water
increases
C. remains constant as the height of
the increases
D. is not related to the height of
water

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22. A red ball is placed in green light.
What colour will the ball appear to be in 26. The most abundant gas in the
this light? atmosphere is

A. green A. Ozone
B. black B. Oxygen
C. red C. Nitrogen
D. white D. Carbon dioxide

23. Which of the following forces will be 27. The property of air that best explains the
described as a pull? fact that no container is empty under
normal conditions is that air
A. The force between two like
poles of a magnet A. has mass
B. The force between a positive B. is colourless
and negative electric charge C. fills up any space available
C. The force between two like D. particles have mass but no size
electric charges
D. The force acting on a ball
floating in water 28. The process used to separate fresh
water from salt water is called

2N 8N A. chromatography
24. B. distillation
Object
C. electrolysis
D. filtration
Determine the resultant force acting on
the object above.
29. In the experiment shown below, it was
A. 2N found that the mass of the plant
B. 6N decreased by 30g over a 1 2- hour period.
C. 8N
D. 10N

25. Which statement best defines the term


weight of an object?

A. Mass of the object Plastic bag tied tightly


B. Force within an object around stem
C. Force the objects exerts due to
gravity
D. Mass the object has on
earth The loss in mass is mainly due to

A. respiration
B. transpiration
C. evaporation
D. condensation.
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30. The products of photosynthesis are 34.

A. light and chlorophyll 1


B. food and oxygen
C. light and oxygen 2
D. carbon dioxide and water
3

31. The distribution of living organisms in 4


an ecosystem can be influenced by
biotic factors. Which of the following is
an example of a biotic factor? In the circuit shown above, which lamps
are controlled by the switch?
A. Light
B. pH A. 1 and 2
C. Oxygen B. 2 and 3
D. Parasite C. 3 and 4
D. 1 and 4

32. Which gas in the atmosphere is


likely to DECREASE when forests
are burnt?

A. Oxygen
B. Nitrogen
C. Helium
D. Carbon dioxide
I II III IV

10g 20g 10g 20g


33. One kind of organism living together in sugar sugar sugar sugar
an area, able to interbreed and produce 20ml 30ml 40ml 50ml
its own kind is called a/an water water water water

A. habitat
B. population
C. community
35. Four sugar solutions were made up in
D. ecosystem
containers I to IV as shown above.
Which solution is the most
concentrated?

A. I
B. II
C. III
D. IV

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36. Factories which use fossil fuel often
produce sulphur dioxide gas which is 39.
released into the atmosphere. A negative Steam
effect of this is
Water
A. acid rain
B. global warming
BEFORE AFTER
C. ozone depletion 2 hrs in refrigerator
D. cloudy conditions
David partially filled a plastic bottle
with boiling water, tightly covered it
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and placed it in the refrigerator. After
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two hours it was crumpled as shown in
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the diagram above. The best
Solubility (g/100g Water)

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explanation for this is
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A pressure inside the bottle decreases
8
as it cools
6
B plastic may change shape at low
4
temperatures
2
C the water’s pressure decreases as
0
it cools
0 10 20 30 40 50 D water expands at low temperatures
Temperature ºC

40. Small force


37. The graph above shows the solubility of
a substance at different temperatures.
From the graph it can be concluded that
the solubility of the substance

A. increases as temperature decreases X X


B. is unaffected by changes in
BEFORE AFTER
temperature
C. increases as temperature increases
D. depends on the nature of the The drawings above show the results of
substance applying a small force to a pin placed
on an object. The best explanation for
38. How does the cutting down of trees this is the
contribute to global warming?
(A) surface area at the pin’s point is
A. Less shades is provided by trees large resulting in a small pressure
B. Trees remove carbon dioxide at the pinpoint
from the atmosphere during (B) surface area at the pin’s point is
respiration small resulting in a large pressure
C. Less breeze will be created by at the pinpoint
tree branches (C) surface area of the pin’s head is
D. Trees use carbon dioxide small resulting in a large pressure
during photosynthesis at the pinpoint
(D) force of gravity on the pin head
pushes the pin into material X
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SECTION II

This section consists of six (6) questions. Answer all six questions in the spaces provided.

1. The table below shows the amounts of various nutrients in 100g of different foods. Use the
table to answer the questions below.

Food Protein (g) Carbohydrate (g) Fat (g) Energy (kJ)

Bread 1 14 0 260
Irish Potato 2 19 0 353
Beef 26 0 8 67.2
Chicken 19 0 7 584
Eggs 13 0 11 634
Soya bean 25 12 18 1470
Oranges 1 10 0 185
Spinach 4 5 0 168
Milk 4 5 4 294

(a)
(i) From which food would you get the most energy? (1 mark)

__________________________________________________________________________________

(ii) Which food could you eat to build muscle? (1 mark)

__________________________________________________________________________________

(iii) Kathy wants to stop eating meat. Suggest one (1) food which could
replace meat in her diet. (1 mark)

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

(iv) List two (2) nutrients other than those listed in the table above (proteins, fats and
carbohydrates) which is needed for a balanced diet. (2 marks)

__________________________________________________________________________________

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(b)
Arielle has a chicken sandwich for lunch.

(i) What change(s) does the bread undergo in her mouth when she eats the
sandwich? (1 mark)

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

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(ii) What happens to the food matter in the small intestine? (2 marks)

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

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(c) Arielle’s mother is pregnant. Name two (2) foods that she should include
in her diet to help the baby’s development. Give a reason for including
each food. (2 marks)

Food Reason

I.

II.

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2. Sugar is extracted on a large scale from sugar cane using the steps shown below:

Crushing and milling

Filtration

Precipitation

Clarification

Concentration by Evaporation

Diagram Showing the Steps in Extracting Sugar from Sugarcane

(a) Why is filtration used in extracting sugar in the steps shown above? (1 mark)

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(b) Small pieces of sugarcane were crushed using an electric blender in the laboratory. Using a
labeled diagram, explain how you would separate the sugarcane juice from the crushed
sugarcane. (5 marks)

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(c) The last step involves concentrating the juice by evaporation

(i) Name the product of this process. (1 mark)

__________________________________________________________________________________

(ii) Why does the EVAPORATION enable the separation of this product? (3 marks)

__________________________________________________________________________________

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3. Study the drawings of electrical circuits shown below.

Circuit I Circuit II

(a) Name the types of circuits shown in diagrams I and II above. (2 marks)

I__________________________________________________________________________

II_________________________________________________________________________

(b) On the diagram of Circuit I above, draw an arrow to show the flow of conventional current.

III

IV

(c) Two additional bulbs were added to Circuits I and Circuit II. These are now shown in Circuit
III and Circuit IV respectively. How will this affect the brightness of the bulbs? (6 marks)

(i) Circuit III ______________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

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Give a reason for your answer_______________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

(ii) Circuit IV ______________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

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Give a reason for your answer__________________________________________________

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(d) Which of Circuits III or IV would you use for wiring a house? Give a reason for your answer.
(2 marks)

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Humans

4. Large birds

Small birds

Grasshoppers

Caterpillars Earthworms

Grass
Plant leaves
Decaying
plants

Diagram of a Food Web

(a) Using the food web above list one (1)

(i) producer _____________________________________________________________

(ii) primary consumer______________________________________________________

(iii) secondary consumer____________________________________________________


(4 marks)

(b) Decomposers are an important part of any ecosystem. Explain why. (2 marks)

__________________________________________________________________________________

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(b) A disease has killed the whole small bird population. How will this affect the rest of
the food web? (2 marks)

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(c) Construct a possible food chain to show the movement of energy if the small birds are
no longer part of the food web. (2 marks)

5. Complete the Carbon Cycle below by naming the processes (a) to (d).

Carbon
Carbon a Compounds in
Dioxide in Air Plants

c
d

Carbon
Compounds in
Fossil Fuel Animals

(a) _____________________________________________________________________________

(b) _____________________________________________________________________________

(c) _____________________________________________________________________________

(d) _____________________________________________________________________________
(4 marks)

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(b) The Carbon Cycle circulates carbon between the air, the earth’s surface and
the rocks beneath the surface. Man has upset this cycle causing many
devastating effects.

(i) State two (2) ways in which man’s activities increases carbon dioxide in
the atmosphere. (2 marks)

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

(ii) Describe two (2) effects of this increase in carbon dioxide in the
atmosphere. (4 marks)

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6. (a) Name the parts labeled 1 to IV in the diagram of the human eye shown below. (4 marks)

II

III
IV

I _______________ II ________________ III _________________ IV ________________

(b) The front view of a human eye in bright and dim light is shown in diagrams X and Y below.
Which diagram above represents the appearance of the eye in bright light and dim light?
(2 marks)

X Y

Front View of the Eye in Bright and Dim Light

(i) dim light ______________________

(ii) bright light ____________________

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(c) On the diagram below, complete the path of the rays to show how the image of an object is
formed in the eye. (2 marks)

OBJECT

(d) A student noticed that he could not see the words on the blackboard clearly when he was
sitting at the back of the class but he could see them when he was up close.

(i) Name a possible eye defect which results in the student being unable to see from the
back of the class. (1 mark)

__________________________________________________________________________________

(ii) Which type of lens would an optician recommend to correct this? (1 mark)

__________________________________________________________________________________

END OF TEST

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