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INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KHARAGPUR

EV20001 Environmental Science Mid-Semester Exam - Section 1 B. Tech. (BT, 1M, MA, EX); No. of Students: 170

Q. 1. Answer any five (Each

question carries 2 marks)

Autumn 2016 Time: 2 Hrs Full Marks: 30

 a) What do you understand by 'emergent properties' and 'Eltonian Pyramid'?' b) Explain C3 and C4 plants with respect to their efficiency in converting solar energy to biomass? c) Compute mass of Carbon in atmosphere @ 395 ppm concentration? d) Provide an illustration to show that 'Biodiversity decreases towards the poles' e) There are 15 species in community A, and 25 species in community B; and they have 12 species in common between them. Find out Sorenson's co-efficient to indicate species similarity between the two communities. f) Differentiate between conventional and anthropogenic biomes Q. 2. Answer all (Each question carries 3 marks) a) Draw the 'Break-point chlorination curve' and explain. b) What is detergent? Discuss how it cleans the cloth. What are the important components of detergents? c) What do you mean by CBOD and NBOD? Discuss the principle involved in the determination of BOD. d) You have a one Iiter sam pIe which contains 100 mg of CaCh, 50 mg of MgCh and 30 g ofNa2S04. What is the hardness of the sample water expressed as mg/L ofCaC0 3 ? Do you consider it as 'hard water'? [At. Wt. ofCa=40, Mg=24, Na=23, S=32, CI=35.5] e) Determine the I-day BOD and ultimate first-stage BOD for a wastewater whose 5-day 20 "C BOD is 200 mg/L. The reaction constant k (base e) = 0.23 d- l . What would have been the 5- day BOD if the test had been conducted at 25°C? Q. 3. Write notes on (any two) (Each question carries 2.5 marks) a) Activated sludge process b) Eutrophication c) Sulfur cycle

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KHARAGPUR

 EV20001 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Autumn 2016 MID-SEMESTER EXAM - Section 2 Total marks: 30 B.Tech. (AE, MF, CE, QD) - No. of students (184) Total time: 2 hours
 I. a) Define Air Pollution. Write the types and sources of air pollutants with examples. stability and temperature inversions and explain the importance b) Define atmospheric of these in the mixing process of air pollutants c) What are the Greenhouse gases and what is Greenhouse effect? (2 + 2 + 1 = 5 marks) 2. a) Define Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). b) What are the Environmental Parameters forms EIA Group? c) List out and explain the factors covered under physical, chemical and human impact for EIA (1 + 1 + 3 = 5 marks) 3. (a) What is the basic concept of an air quality model? (b) What are the different types of air quality models based on different applications? (c) List out assumptions of Gaussian Air Pollution Dispersion Model and write basic Gaussian air pollution dispersion equation? (1 + 1 + 3 = 5 marks) 4. (a) the Integrated Solid Waste Management Describe (ISWM) and it's importance? (b) the list of procedures adopted Write for ISWM? (c) the method of preparation of composting? Write (2 + 2 + 1 = 5 marks) 5 (a) Write short notes on Hazardous Waste Management elucidating the Treatment and Disposal Methods? (5 marks) 6. (a) Define Ecology?
• (b) Explain the simplest model for population growth?

• (c) Schematically explain the Energy flow in a Ecosystem?

(1 + 2 + 2 = 5 marks)

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KHARAGPUR

 EV20001 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AUTUMN 2016 MID-SEMESTER EXAM - Section 3 Total marks: 30

B.Tech. (AG, ME), Total students

-184

Total time: 2 hours

I.

(a)

Consider an area-source

box model for air pollution

above a peninsula

length of the box is 15 km, its width is 80 km, and a radiation

inversion

of land, given restricts mixing

to 15m. Wind is blowing

clean air into the long

dimension

of the box at 0.5 m/s. between

4 and 6PM there

are 250,000

vehicles

on the

driven

40km

and each

emitting

4g/km

the air at 4PM.

of CO. estimate

the concentration

Assuming

that CO

is conservative

complete

mixing in the box.

of CO at 6PM if there was no CO in

and that there

is instantaneous

and

(3.5)

(b)

A tall stack and a nearby

short stack have plumes

atmospheric

temperature

profile

would be most likely

dotted lines represent

lapse rate.

as shown

in figure below.

Which

to cause that pair of plumes.

The

(2.5)

Plnle\$,

,

### ..

'

"

(ll;),

'.'

(b)

2.

(a) Write short notes on

(2x2)

(b)

(c)

(i)

(ii)

Atmospheric stability and Mixing Depth Temperature Inversion

Write a short note on photochemical

smog?

Suppose atmospheric

CO 2 is growing

at 2 ppm/yr,

fossil fuel and cement

(1.5)

emissions

are 9 GtC/yr,

and the airborne

fraction

is 38%.

If the only other carbon

associated

with land use changes,

estimate their net carbon emission

rate.

(d)

Write a short note on different

climate feedbacks.

emissions

are

(2.0)

(1.5)

3,

(a)

Suppose

the human population

billion. 12006, the world's population

follows

a logistics

curve

until

it stabilizes

at 15.0

was 6.6 billion, and its growth rate was 1.2 percent.

When would the population

reach 7.5 billion - one half of its assumed

carrying capacity?

(2.5)

(b)

What is energy

and biomass

pyramid?

move from bottom to top of these pyramids?

(c)

Write short note on transplant experiment.

violated

as you

(2.0)

(1.5)

Page 1 of2

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KHARAGPUR

EV20001

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

MID-SEMESTER EXAM - Section 3

B.Tech. (AG, ME), Total students

- 184

AUTUMN 2016 Total marks: 30 Total time: 2 hours

 4. An air conditioner (a) generates a noise level of 75 dB for five minutes every hour, an electric fan generates a noise level of 60dB for ten minutes every hour in a house. ]f the background noise level of the house is 55 dB, compute the equivalent continuous level. (2.5) (b) If the distance between the source and the receiver is doubled then find out the noise level for the following cases (i) for a point source (ii) for a non-point source. (2.5) 5. (a) Describe different methods used to control the soil pollution. (2) (b) Describe different indicators used to measure soil degradation. (2)

Page 2 of2

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KHARAGPUR

EV20001

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

MID-SEMESTER EXAM - Section 4 B.Tech. (NA, MI, MT), Total students

- 151

Part A (15 Marks)

AUTUMN 2016 Total marks: 30 Total time: 2 hours

• 1. Drawa neat labelled diagram to illustrate the components of a noise environment.

• 2. What are the main characteristics of noise? Discuss the

impacts of noise.

• 3. A student has measured the noise of a machine at a location and reported it as 60dB. Determine the sound pressure level at that location in mPa.

• 4. The

sound level measured for 4 machines in a factory from a location of a worker are 75dB, 6BdB, 73dB

and BOdB respectively. If all the machines are working simultaneously location of the worker.

calculate the sound level at the

• 5. What is A-weighting source?

in measuring noise level in dBA? Does dBA represent sound pressure level of a noise

Part B (10 Marks)

• 5. What do you understand by 'emergent properties' and 'Eltonian Pyramid'?'

• 6. Explain C3 and C4 plants with respect to their efficiency in converting solar energy to biomass?

• 7. Compute mass of Carbon in atmosphere @ 395 ppm concentration?

• B. Provide an illustration to show that 'Biodiversity decreases towards the poles'

• 9. There are 15 species in community A, and 25 species in community B; and they have 12 species in common between them. Find out Sorenson's co-efficient to indicate species similarity between the two communities.

• 10. Differentiate between conventional and anthropogenic biomes

Part C (5 Marks)

• 11. Drawa figure and explain different atmospheric stability regions.

(2)

• 12. A 20 11mdiameter particle volcanic eruption. Estimate

with

density 1450 kg rn" had been hurled to a height of BOOO m during a

the number of days it

requires reaching the ground (sea level). The viscosity

of the air is 0.0172 g mol s'. Assume that the viscosity of air does not change with height.

(3)

-%-

Prepared by Dr. K. Pathak (Part A), Dr. M. D. Behera (Part

13)and Dr. A. K. Palm (ParI C)