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QUESTION 1

a) 2𝑥 − 6𝑦 = −2
3𝑥 + 5𝑦 = 11
2 −6 𝑥 −2
[ ] [𝑦] = [ ]
3 5 11
2 −6 𝑥 −2
Where, A = [ ] , 𝑋 = [ 𝑦 ] , and C = [ ] as a matrix equation system.
3 5 11
Hence, AX = C

2 −6
b i) A = [ ]
3 5
2 −6
A2x2 = [ ]
3 5
The main diagonal elements for matrix A2x2 above are 2 and 5.

ii) AC = Amxn X Csxt = Bmxt


AC = A2x2 X C2x1 = B2x1
2 −6 −2
= [ ][ ] = B2x1
3 5 11
(2, −6). (−2,11)
= [ ]
(3,5). (−2,11) 2x1
2 × (−2) + (−6) × 11
= [ ] 2x1
3 × (−2) + (5 × 11)
−4 + (−66)
= [ ] 2x1
−6 + 55
−70
= [ ] 2x1
49

c) Inverse matrix of A is denoted by 𝐴−1


MATHEMATICS FOR MANAGEMENT ( BBMP1103 )

2 −6
Let A = | | and |𝐴| = (2 × 5) − (−6 × 3)
3 5
= 10 − (−18)
= 10 +18
= 28

1 5 −(−6)
Therefore, 𝐴−1 = [ ]
|𝐴| −(3) 2
1 5 6
𝐴−1 = [ ]
28 −3 2
5 6
28 28
𝐴−1 = [ −3 2 ]
28 28
5 3
28 14
𝐴−1 = [ −3 1 ]
28 14

d) 2𝑥 − 6𝑦 = −2
3𝑥 + 5𝑦 = 11
𝑥
|𝐴|, [ 2 −6 ] [ 𝑦 ] = [ −2 ]
3 5 11
|𝐴| = (2)(5) − (−6)(3)
= 10 − (−18)
= 10 + 18
= 28

|𝐴1 | = [ −2 −6 ]
11 5
= (−2)(5) — (−6)(11)
= −10 – (−66)
= -10 + 66
= 56

[Type text] Page 2


MATHEMATICS FOR MANAGEMENT ( BBMP1103 )

|𝐴2 | = [ 2 −2 ]
3 11
= (2)(11) − (−2)(3)
= 22 − (−6)
= 22 + 6
= 28

|𝐴1 | 56
𝑥 = |𝐴|
= = 2
28
|𝐴2 | 28
𝑦 = |𝐴|
= = 1
28

QUESTION 2

ai) 𝑎𝑥 2 + 𝑏𝑥 2 + 𝑐 = 𝑦
3𝑥 2 + 4𝑥 − 4 = 0
3𝑥 2 + 4𝑥 − 4 = 0
3𝑥 2 + 2𝑥 + 2𝑥 − 4 = 0
(3𝑥 2 + 2𝑥) + (2𝑥 − 4) = 0
𝑥(3𝑥 + 2) + 2(𝑥 − 2) = 0
(3𝑥 + 2)(𝑥 − 2) = 0

either; 3𝑥 + 2 = 0 or 𝑥 − 2 = 0
3𝑥 = −2 𝑥=2
−2
𝑥=
3
−2
𝑥= ,2
3

aii) 𝑎𝑥 2 + 𝑏𝑥 2 + 𝑐 = 𝑦
2𝑥 2 + 7𝑥 = −3
2𝑥 2 + 7𝑥 + 3 = 0

[Type text] Page 3


MATHEMATICS FOR MANAGEMENT ( BBMP1103 )

2𝑥 2 + 4𝑥 + 3𝑥 + 3 = 0
(2𝑥 2 + 4𝑥) + (3𝑥 + 3) = 0
2𝑥(𝑥 + 2) + 3(𝑥 + 1) = 0
(𝑥 + 2)(𝑥 + 1) = 0

either; 𝑥 + 2 = 0 or 𝑥+1=0
𝑥 = −2 𝑥 = −1
𝑥 = −2 , −1

1 1
b) 𝑝= − 𝑞 + 10 𝑝= 𝑞+8
150 450
−𝑞 1500 𝑞 3600
𝑝= + 𝑝= +
150 150 450 450
150𝑝 = −𝑞 + 1500 450𝑝 = 𝑞 + 3600
150𝑝 + 𝑞 = 1500 (× 3) 450𝑝 − 𝑞 = 3600

450𝑝 + 3𝑞 = 4500
(-) 450𝑝 − 𝑞 = 3600
2𝑞 = 900
𝑞 = 450

−𝑞 1500
Insert 𝑞 = 450 into equation 𝑝 = +
150 150
−450 1500
𝑝= +
150 150

𝑝 = −3 + 10
𝑝=7

The market equilibrium point is ( 450 , 7 ).

[Type text] Page 4