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Problems in singly reinforced beam working stress method

November 17, 2017

Learn : Three types of problems in singly reinforced beam working stress method :To determine the moment of resistance of the given section,To determine the stresses developed in concrete and steel under given loading,To design the section for given loading

There are three types of problems in singly reinforced beam :

1. To determine the moment of resistance of the given section.

2. To determine the actual stresses developed in steel and concrete under given loading.

Three types of problems in singly reinforced beam working stress method :To determine the moment of resistance,the stresses developed in concrete and steel

Type 1:To determine the moment of resistance of the given section

Data Given:

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

Dimensions, b and d of the section.

Area of steel reinforcement in tension (A )

st

Material i.e., grade of concrete and steel.

Procedure:

σcbc and σstfrom the Tables 2.1 and 2.2.

(ii) Calculate modular ratio m.

 (iii) Determine critical neutral axis (n) (iv) Determine actual neutral axis (n) (v) Compare n and nc (i) If n= nc, the section is balanced and the moment of

resistance can be calculated by any of the following equation

 or (ii) If n< nc, the section is under reinforced and the

moment of resistance is calculated as

(iii) If n> nc, the section is over reinforced and

Note : Sometimes it is required to find out the safe load (w) which the beam can carry. For this, the maximum bending moment due to the loads is calculated and equated to the moment of resistance of the section.

The maximum bending moment values for some beams are written below:

1. Simply supported beam, for (u.d.l.) =

2. Cantilever beam, for (u.d.l.) =

where l is the effective span of the beam.

Type-II : To determine the stresses developed in concrete and steel under given loading

Given Data :

 (i) Dimensions of beam (b and d) (ii) Area of steel, Ast (iii) Material i.e., grade of concrete and steel. (iv) External loads or bending moment.

Procedure :

(i)

Determine the permissible stresses from Tables 2.1 and 2.2.

 (ii) Calculate actual neutral axis (iii) Calculate maximum bending moment (M) due to loads

(external loads as well as self-weight) if not given.

(iv) Calculate stresses by equating the maximum bending

moment to the moment of resistance

(v) Knowing σst from above stepσc or actual stress in concrete

is calculated as

Given data :

 (i) External loads or bending moment. (ii) Material-grade of concrete and steel. (iii) Span of the beam.

Procedure :

1. Determine the permissible stresses for materials from Table 2.1 and 2.2.

2. Determine design constant k, j and R.

3. Assume suitable value of b/d ratio and calculate the moment of resistance using

4. For the given loads and approximate self weight, compute the maximum bending (M).

5. Determine d by equating M and M_{r}

6. Calculate b from assumed

ratio.

7. Calculate (Ast) area of steel as follows:

8. Provide suitable number of bars for the required area of steel, Ast

TABLE 2.1. Permissible Stresses in Concrete (Refer to Table 21, IS 456)

 Grade of Permissible Stress in Compression Permissible Stress in Bond (Average) Concrete Bending σcbc (N/mm ) 2 Direct σcc (N/mm ) 2 For Plain Bars in Tensionτbd (N/mm ) 2 For HYSD Bars (N/mm ) 2 – – – – – M15 5.0 4.0 0.6 0.96 M20 7.0 5.0 0.8 1.28 M25 8.5 6.0 0.9 1.44 M30 10.0 8.0 1.0 1.6 M35 11.5 9.0 1.1 1.76 M40 13.0 10.0 1.2 1.92 M45 14.5 11.0 1.3 2.08 M50 16.0 12.0 1.4 2.24 Notes: (i) The bond stress given above for tension is increased by 25% for bars in

compression.

(ii) The bond stress for plain bars is increased by 60% for deformed bars.

TABLE 2.2. Permissible Stress in Steel Reinforcement (Refer Table 22, IS 456)

 S. Type of Stress in Steel Permissible Stresses in N/mm 2 High yield strength deformed bar (HYSD) conforming to IS 1786 (Grade Fe 415) No. Reinforcement Mild steel bars conforming to Grade I of IS 432 (Part I) Medium tensile steel conforming to IS 432 (Part I) 1. Tension ( σ st or σ sv ) 140 Half the 230 (i) Upto and including 20mm 130 guaranted yield 230 (ii) Over 20mm stress subject to maximum of 190 190 2. Compression in column bars 130 130 190 σ sc 3. The calculated compressive stresses in the surrounding

Compression in bars in beam or slab when compressive resistance of concrete is taken into account

concrete multiplied by 1.5 times the modular ratio or s

whichever is lower=1.5m

c

or s

sc

sc

Summary

Article Name Problems in singly reinforced beam working stress method Description Three types of problems in singly reinforced beam working stress method :To determine the moment of resistance,the stresses developed in concrete and steel Author sanjay sharma Publisher Name civilengineering.blog Publisher Logo Advertisements