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NATIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

RIGHTS COORDINATION CENTER


The IPR Center Mission: To promote national security by protecting the
public’s health and safety, the U.S. economy, our war fighters, and to stop
predatory and unfair trade practices that threaten the U.S. and global
economies.

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IPR Center Director
23 US Federal and
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
International Agencies
Homeland Security Investigations (HSI)

Deputy Director Deputy Director Deputy Director


HSI CBP FBI

Intellectual Property &


Intellectual Property Unit Commercial Fraud Unit
Criminal-Cyber
(IPU) (CFU)
Integration Unit

Outreach
HSI Trade
IP Crimes Intelligence &
Programs
Training
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GLOBAL FOOTPRINT

TheHague
Brussels
Moscow

Vancouver Ottawa Warsaw


London
Frankfurt
EUCOM/AFRICOM
Toronto Paris Vienna
Montreal
Lyon
Madrid
NORTHCOM Rome Athens Beijing Seoul
CD Juarez SOCOM/CENTCOM Tokyo
Tijuana
Caribbean Casablanca TelAviv Islamabad
JIATF- Hermosillo Matamoros Amman
W/ SOUTHCOM & JIATF-S
Jerusalem
PACOM Monterrey Nassau Cairo NewDelhi Guangzhou
MexicoCity Tegucigalpa SantoDomingo
Jeddah Muscat HongKong
Kingston Dubai
GuatemalaCity
Cartagena AbuDhabi
SanSalvador Bangkok Manila
Dakar Dhahran
Managua
Riyadh PhnomPenh HoChi
PanamaCity Minh
Bogota City
Quito KualaLumpur
Singapore
Nairobi

Jakarta
• 67 Attaché Offices and Brasilia

8 DOD Liaisons in
50 countries

BuenosAires Pretoria
Canberra
CBP ON THE FRONTLINE

328 Ports of Entry


$6.3 Billion Worth of Goods Imported Daily
79,000 Cargo Containers Processed Daily (Sea/Air/ Land)
89,000 Merchandise Entries Processed Daily
More Than 325,000 Importers of Record
Over 275,000,000 International Mail Shipments Annually
Enforce Nearly 500 Laws for 47 Partner Agencies
CBP Collects $46 Billion in Revenue Annually

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CBP IN IP PROTECTION

Over 325,000 Importers of Record


18,200 Trademark Recordations on File
Nearly 500M International Mail & Express Shipments in 2017
89% of IPR Seizures are in Mail & Express
CBP Conducts IPR Special Operations at Air Cargo Facilities
Seizures Generate Criminal Leads for HSI and Partners
Working on More Advanced Electronic Data for Mail
Working with Express Shippers to ID Repeat Offenders

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WHAT DOES IP THEFT JEOPARDIZE?

Collectively:
Public
Health &
Safety

War
fighters

U.S. Economy

National Security
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DID YOU KNOW?

In the most recent survey, international trade in counterfeit and pirated products
represented up to 2.5% of world trade, or an amount of as much as $461 billion USD.
This is equivalent to the full GDP of a country such as Austria.

➢This represents a significant potential economic loss for rights holders,


governments, and the global economy.

➢Criminal networks behind the illicit trade derive significant revenues from
their activities.

➢This shows that in the context of a revival of international trade, with many
opportunities for counterfeiters and criminals in the globalized world
economy, the magnitude of counterfeit and pirated trade seems to be on the
rise.
Source:
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and European
Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO). (April 18, 2016), Trade in Counterfeit and
Pirated Goods: Mapping the Economic Impact, OECD Publishing, Paris.
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2017 STATS
China 46%
Number of Seizures
34,143 Hong Kong 32%

All Others: 22%


Total FY 2017 MSRP
$1,206,382,219

Commodities Percentage Totals MSRP


Watches/Jewelry 38% $460,162,145

Handbags/Wallets 19% $234,451,926

Consumer Electronics 7% $85,115,639


Labels/Tags 7% $80,951,055
Wearing Apparel/Accessories 6% $74,880,617
Pharmaceuticals/Personal Care 6% $69,758,720 9
For Each $1000 Invested:

Crime Return on Investment


Counterfeit Money $3,000 = 330%
*Source- Secret Service

Credit Card Fraud $6,700 = 570%


*Source- MC, Visa, Discover

Heroin $19,860 = 1,886%


*Source- DEA

Tobacco Smuggling $43,000 = 4,200%


* Source- Major Tobacco Companies (2)

Software Piracy $40,000 - $100k = 3,900% - 9,900%


*Microsoft

Fake Pharmaceuticals $300,000 = 29,900%


*Manufacturing prices of obtaining bulk

Note: These are rough estimates of hypothetical returns on investment in various crimes compiled by EUROPOL007

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The Threat

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LEAD INTAKE
IPRC
NCFTA Partners
HSI/CBP

Sources
Industry
Consumers

Leads into
IPR Center
Intelligence

Industry

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OPERATION CHAIN REACTION

➢ In New Haven, Connecticut, ICE HSI initiated an investigation into HK Potential


Electronics (located in China) for selling counterfeit integrated circuits that were
being used in weapons systems and other mission critical equipment used by the
U.S. military.

➢ HK Potential was also attempting to procure export controlled military grade


integrated circuits.

Three individuals were ultimately arrested, charged and sentenced:

➢ Jiang Guanghou Yan was sentenced to 12 months and 10 days imprisonment (time
served) and ordered to forfeit $63,000.

➢ Daofu Zhang was eventually sentenced to 15 months imprisonment.

➢ Xianfeng Zuo was sentenced to 15 months imprisonment and was also ordered to
forfeit $63,000.
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OPERATION ENGINE NEWITY

Addresses the threat to health and safety posed by


counterfeit:
• Automotive
• Aerospace
• Rail
• Heavy machinery components
Aircraft Parts

Wheels Bearings Airbags


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Counterfeit Airbag

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OPERATION SURGE PROTECTOR

• Cell Phones / Tablets


• Batteries
• Charging Cables and
Adapters
• Emerging Technology

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ILLICIT CYBER COMMERCE

Focuses on developing investigations that identify targets, assets,


and financial schemes used while operating infringing domain
names of websites

Operations:
• In Our Sites
• Transatlantic
• Team Player

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APOTHECARY & PLASTIC BEAUTY Lipitorwithoutprescription.net

•Counterfeit pharmaceuticals Perfectrxpreparations.com


•Counterfeit health & beauty products
•Counterfeit medical devices Beautifulplushealthy.com

Healthshop-online.com

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HSI TRADE PROGRAMS

Anti-Dumping & Countervailing Duties (AD/CVD)


Transshipment, misclassification and other schemes to evade the payment of special
import duties.

Wildlife Trafficking & Environmental Crimes


Illegal smuggling of wildlife, fish, or illegally logged wood or plants. Includes
Executive Order 13648 on Combatting Wildlife Trafficking.

Tobacco Smuggling
Counterfeit, smuggling/trafficking, and stolen tobacco products; tax evasion.

Textiles Investigations
Textiles have the highest duty rate of all commodities imported into the U.S., Textile
Production Verification Teams (TPVTs).
Forced Labor
The illegal exportation of merchandise in to the U.S. in violation of 19 U.S.C. § 1307,
which prohibits the importation of goods produced by convict, forced or indentured
labor under penal sanction, including forced or indentured child labor.

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Outreach & Training

DOMESTIC TRAINING
• Coordinates with HSI field offices to:
- provide training in partnership with CBP
- provide training in partnership with such entities as the
International Anti-Counterfeiting Coalition’s Foundation, the National
Association of Attorneys General and the National White Collar Crime
Center in support of their domestic IPR training efforts
• Provides training to HSI employees recently assigned to the NCR
• Supports HSI field offices by providing brochures, presentations, and/or
documentation to support their training efforts
• Distributes IPRC Connections newsletter, updates victim impact stories, and posts
information on the IPR Center “Twitter” account, using @IPRCenter

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OUTREACH & TRAINING
INTERNATIONAL TRAINING
• Creates partnerships with foreign law enforcement, private
industry, and academia
• Conducts training and capacity building with foreign law
enforcement and regulatory agencies
• Briefs industry sectors, law enforcement, and government
• Supports additional training by partnering with:
•International Law Enforcement Academies (ILEA)
•Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
(INL)
•Europol
•INTERPOL
•Attaché networks
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THE “BUTTON”

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NATIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
RIGHTS COORDINATION CENTER
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