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Marathwada Mitra Mandal’s

Karvenagar, Pune- 411052

Unit III: Bending & Shear Stresses Sub.: SOM

No Description Ans Mark

1 Which of the following statements regarding assumptions in analysis of stressed beam is false c 1
(a) The material is homogeneous and isotropic, so that it has the same elastic properties in all
(b) Modules of elasticity in tension and compression are equal
(c) The radius of curvature of the beam before bending is equal to that of its transverse
(d) Normal sections of the beam, which were plane before bending, remain plane after bending
2 A steel flat 10 cm wide and 2 cm thick is bent into a circular arc of 50 meters radius. The b 2
maximum intensity of stress induced will be(E = 2.05 x 105 N/mm2)
(a) 31 N/mm2 (b) 41 N/mm2 (c) 51 N/mm2 (d) 61 N/mm2
3 A strip of steel 1 mm thick is bent into an arc of a circle of 1 m radius. The maximum bending d 2
stress will be(E = 200 Gnm )
(a) 25 MPa (b) 50 MPa (c) 64 MPa (d) 100 MPa
4 An steel wire of 20 mm diameter is bent into a circular shape of 10 m radius. If E, the modulus b 2
of elasticity is 2 x 106 kg/cm , then the maximum stress induced in the wire is
(a) 103 kg/cm2 (b) 2 x 103 kg/cm2 (c) 4 x 103 kg/cm2 (d) 6 x 103
5 A high strength steel band saw of 90 mm width and 0.5 mm thickness runs over a pulley of 500 b 2
mm diameter. Assuming E = 200 GPa, the maximum flexural stress developed would be
(a) 100 MPa (b) 200 MPa (c) 400 MPa (d) 500 MPa
6 A mild steel fleet of width 120 mm and thickness 10 mm is bent into an arc of a circle of radius b 2
5 2
10 m by applying a pure moment M. If E is 2 x 10 N/mm , then the magnitude of the pure
moment M will be
(a) 2 x 106 N-mm (b) 2 x 105 N-mm (c) 0.2 x 105 N-mm (d) 0.2 x 104 N-mm
7 A steel cantilever beam 5 m in length is subjected to a concentrated load of 1 kN acting at the b 2
free end of the bar. The beam is of rectangular cross section, 50 mm wide by 75 mm deep. The
stress induced in the beam will be
(a) 0 (b) 107 MPa (c) 110 MPa (d) 117 MPa
8 A beam of circular cross section is 200 mm in diameter. It is simply supported at each end and b 2
loaded by two concentrated loads of 100 kN, applied 250 mm from the ends of the beam. The
maximum stress in the beam will be
(a) 63.6 MPa (b) 31.8 MPa (c) 17.6 MPa (d) 0
9 A beam is loaded by a couple of 1 kN m at each of its ends. The beam is steel and of d 2
rectangular cross section 25 mm wide by 50 mm deep. The maximum bending stress will be
(a) 24 MPa (b) 48 MPa (c) 72 MPa (d) 96 MPa
10 A beam 3 m in length is simply supported at each end and bears a uniformly distributed load of b 2
10 kN per meter of length. The cross section of the bar is rectangular, 75 mm x 150 mm.
Maximum bending stress in the beam will be
(a) 20 MPa (b) 40 MPa (c) 60 MPa (d) 80 MPa
11 The transverse shear stress acting in a beam of rectangular cross-section, subjected to a d 1
transverse shear load, is
(A) variable with maximum at the bottom of the beam
(B) variable with maximum at the top of the beam
(C) uniform (D) variable with maximum on the neutral axis
12 The maximum magnitude of bending stress (in MPa) is given by – b 2

(A) 60.0 (B) 67.5 (C) 200.0 (D) 225.0

13 Two beams, one having square cross section and another circular cross-section, are subjected b 1
to the same amount of bending moment. If the cross sectional area as well as the material of
both the beams are the same then –

(a) Maximum bending stress developed in both the beams is the same

(b) The circular beam experiences more bending stress than the square one

(c) The square beam experiences more bending stress than the circular one

(d) As the material is same both the beams will experience same deformation

14 A cantilever beam has the square cross section 10mm × 10 mm. It carries a transverse load of a 2
10 N. Considering only the bottom fibers of the beam, the correct representation of the
longitudinal variation of the bending stress is:
15 Beam A is simply supported at its ends and carries udl of intensity w over its entire length. It is d 2
made of steel having Young's modulus E. Beam B is cantilever and carries a udl of intensity
w/4 over its entire length. It is made of brass having Young's modulus E/2. The two beams are
of same length and have same cross-sectional area. If σA and σ B denote the maximum
bending stresses developed in beams A and B, respectively, then which one of the following is

(a) σA = σ B (b) σA / σ B < 1.0

(c) σA / σ B > 1.0 (d) σA / σ B depends on the shape of cross-section

16 Consider the following statements in case of beams: c 2

1. Rate of change of shear force is equal to the rate of loading at a particular section
2. Rate of change of bending moment is equal to the shear force at a particular suction.
3. Maximum shear force in a beam occurs at a point where bending moment is either zero or
bending moment changes sign
Which of the above statements are correct?
(a) 1 alone (b) 2 alone (c) 1 and 2 (d) 1, 2 and 3
17 A T-section beam is simply supported and subjected to a uniform distributed load over its d 1
whole span. Maximum longitudinal stress at --
(a) Top fiber of the flange (b) The junction of web and flange
(c) The mid-section of the web (d) The bottom fibre of the web
18 Two beams of equal cross-sectional area are subjected to equal bending moment. If one beam b 1
has square cross-section and the other has circular section, then
(a) Both beams will be equally strong (b) Circular section beam will be stronger
(c) Square section beam will be stronger (d) The strength of the beam will depend on the
nature of loading
19 A beam cross-section is used in two different orientations as shown in the given figure: b 2
Bending moments applied to the beam in both cases are same. The maximum bending
stresses induced in cases (A) and (B) are related as:

(a) σA = 4 σ B (b) σA = 2 σ B (c) σA = σ B/ 2 (d) σA = σ B / 4

20 A horizontal beam with square cross-section is simply supported with sides of the square c 2
horizontal and vertical and carries a distributed loading that produces maximum bending stress
a in the beam. When the beam is placed with one of the diagonals horizontal the maximum
bending stress will be:
(a) σ /√2 (b) σ (c) √ 2 σ (d) 2 σ
21 The ratio of the moments of resistance of a square beam (Z) when square section is placed (i) c 2
with two sides horizontal (Z1) and (ii) with a diagonal horizontal (Z 2 ) as shown is –

(a) Z1/Z2 = 1 (b) Z1/Z2 = 2 (c) Z1/Z2 = 1.5 (d) Z1/Z2 = √2

22 Assertion (A): For structures steel I-beams preferred to other shapes. a 2

Reason (R): In I-beams a large portion of their cross-section is located far from the neutral axis.
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
23 A pipe of external diameter 3 cm and internal diameter 2 cm and of length 4 m is supported at c 2
its ends. It carries a point load of 65 N at its centre. The sectional modulus (in cm 3)of the pipe
will be:

(a) 65π / 64 (b) 65π / 32 (a) 65π / 96 (a) 65π / 128

24 A Cantilever beam of rectangular cross-section is 1m deep and 0.6 m thick. If the beam were to b 2
be 0.6 m deep and 1m thick, then the beam would --
(a) Be weakened 0.5 times (b) Be weakened 0.6 times
(c) Be strengthened 0.6 times
(d) Have the same strength as the original beam because the cross-sectional area remains the
25 A T-beam shown in the given figure is subjected to a bending moment such that plastic hinge b 2
forms. The distance of the neutral axis from D is (all dimensions are in mm)

(a) Zero (b) 109 mm (c) 125 mm (d) 170 mm

26 Assertion (A): A square section is more economical in bending than the circular section of same c 2
area of cross-section.
Reason (R): The modulus of the square section is less than of circular section of same area of
(a) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are individually true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
27 The ratio of M I about the neutral axis to the distance of the most distance point of the section b 1
from the neutral axis is called
a. moment of inertia b. section modulus
c. polar moment of inertia d. modulus of rigidity
28 M.I. of a triangle of base width b and height h about base is c 1
3 3 3 2
a. bh /6 b. bh /3 c. bh /12 d. bh /3
29 M.I. of rectangle of width b and depth d about base is b 1
a. bd3/6 b. bd3/3 c. bd3/12 d. bd2/3
30 M.I. of an regular hexagon of side a about centroidal X axis is c 1
4 4 4 4
a. 5 a /16 b. 5 √2 a /16 c. 5 √3 a /16 d. 5 √5 a /16
31 The bending stress in a beam is -------- section modulus. d 1

a. equal to b. less than c. directly proportional to d. inversely proportional to

32 If the section modulus of the beam is increased. The bending stress in beam will c 1
a. not change b. increase c. decrease d. in predictable

33. Flexural bending equation is applicable for -- c 1

a. constant BM and constant shear force c. Constant BM and zero SF

b. zero BM and constant SF d. none of the above
34. If the maximum point load is applied at free end of cantilever beam, maximum tensile stress will a 1
act at --

a. top most fiber, b. bottom fiber c. middle fiber d. none of the above
35. A rectangular section (100 x 325 mm) is simply supported with a span 6 m carries ----- kN/m 2
UDL if the bending stress is not to exceed 225 MPa.

a. 170 b. 100 c. 50 d. 140

36. Shear stress distribution diagram for rectangular cross is --- b 1

a. b. c. d. none
37. Bending stress in a beam ------ to the bending moment. a 1

a. Directly proportional b. Inversely proportional c. constant d. Equal to

38. Moment of inertia of a section is lowest if it is taken about at axes passing through: b 1

a. Base of section b. centroid c. top most fiber d. none

39. The radius of gyration of a section is proportional to --- c 2

a. A b. 1/A c. sq root of 1/A d. none

40. When√ the diameter of the circular section is doubled, its radius of gyration -- c 2

a. is reduced to half b. increased by 8 times c. is doubled d. increased by 3 times

41. The ratio of flexural strength of a square section with its two sides horizontal to its horizontal is a 2

a.√2 b. √(2/5) c. 2√2 d. 2

42. A beam has a rectangular section 100 mm x 200 mm. If it is subjected to a maximum BM of 4 x b 2
107 N mm, then maximum bending stress developed would be

a.30 N/mm2 b. 60 N/mm2 c. 90 N/mm2 d. 120 N/mm2

43. Which of the following forms the basis of rigid bodies and strength of material? c 1
a. Centroid b. Center of gravity c. moment of inertia d. all of the above

44. The moment of inertia of lamina about any axis in plane of lamina equals the sum of moment of a 1
inertia about a parallel centroid axis in the plane of lamina &product of the area of lamina and
sq of dist. Between the 2 axes. The above theorem is knows as

a. theorem of parallel axes b. theorem of perpendicular axis

c. three moments of theorem d. none of above

45. Moment of inertia of semi circle about its xx- axes is given by -- b 2

a. 0.22R^3 b. 0.11R^4 c. 0.14R^4 d. 0.2R^4

46. Moment of inertia about principal axis is called as, c 1

a. mass moment of inertia b. Second moment of inertia

c. Principal moment of inertia d. Any of the above

47. If the 2 axes about which the product of inertia is found, are such that the product of inertia c 1
becomes 0,the two axis are called –

a. Centroidal axis b. Major and minor axis c. Principal axis d. Any of the above

48. In case of cantilever, irrespective of the type of loading, the max. bending moment and max. a 1
shear force occurs at --

a. Fixed end b. Free end c. Middle d. Any point

49. The _________ establishes a relationship between the radius of curvature to which the beam a 1
bends, the bending moment, the bending stresses and its (beam) cross section dimensions --

a. Bending equation b. Torsional equation c. either (a) or (b) d. None of the above
50. Theory of bending which of the following assumptions is made? d 1

a. The material of the beam is perfectly homogenous throughout.

b. Stresses induced is proportional to strain & at no place the stresses exceeds the elastic limit

c. The modulus of elasticity is same for fibers of the beam under compression or tension.

d. all of the above.

51. The strength of the beam mainly depends on c 1

a. Bending moment b. C.G. of the section c. Section Modulus d. Its weight

52. In case of circular section, the section modulus is given as c 1

a. ∏ d^2/ 16 b. ∏ d^3/16 c. ∏ d^3/32 d. ∏ d^4/64

53. For getting the beams of uniform strength, the sections of the beam may be varied by -- d 1
a. keeping the width constant throughout and varying the depth

b. keeping the depth constant throughout the length and varying width

c. varying both i.e. width and depth in a suitable manner

d. All of the above

54. When the rectangular beam is loaded transversely the max compressive stress develops on b 1

a. neutral axis b. top fibre c. bottom fibre d. middle fibre

55. Neutral plane of beam -- c 1

a. passes through the C.G. b. lies at bottom most fiber

c. one whose length remains unchanged during deformation d. none of the above

56. Stress in a beam and the section modulus b 1

a. have curvilinear relation b. are inversely proportional

c. are directly proportional d. have unpredictable relationship

57. Where are the steel bars in a concrete beam embedded? c 1

a. In the centre b. near top s/c c. near bottom s/c d. Uniformly

58. If the areas of cross s/c of square and circular beams are same and both are subjected to equal d 1
bending moment, then which of the following is correct?

a. both the beams are equally economical b. both are equally strong

c. the circular is more economical d. The square beam is more economical

59. Three beam of circular square rectangular (w=0.5 depth) sections and of same length are a 1
subjected to same bending moment if the allowable stress is same then least weight of same
material will be require for _________ section.

a. Rectangular b. Circular c. Square d. None of the above

60. Which is the most economical c/s for the beam? a 1

a. I – section b. rectangular c. circular d. square

61. The product EI is known as, a 1

a. flexural rigidity b. s/c modulus c. polar modulus d. modulus of rupture

62. At the neutral axis of simply supported beam there is -- a 1

a. Zero stress b. maximum tensile stress c. max. compressive stress d. none of the above
63. In an I-beam the maximum bending stress occur at the – c 1

a. where shear stress is max. b. neutral axis c. outermost fiber d. joint of web and flange

64. The intensity of bending stress at any point in beam varies directly with -- c 1

a. Length of beam b. area of cross section of beam

c. distance of point from neutral axis d. polar moment of inertia

65. The neutral axis of the section of a beam under flexure a 1

a. always passes through the centroid b. is always located at mid height

c. is in the plane of bending d. none of the above

66. If the bending moment is constant, there will be no ……….……….... stresses. c 1

a. tensile b. compressive c. shear d. none of the above

67. In case of rectangular section – c 1

a. τmax = 1/2 mean b. τmax = τ mean c. τmax = 3/2 τ mean d. τmax = 5/2 τ mean

68. In case of circular section – d 1

a. τmax = 3/2 τ mean b. τmax = τ mean c. τmax = 2/3 τ mean d. τmax = 4/3 τ mean

69. In case of circular section the max. shear stress is……% more than the mean shear stress – c 2

a. 10 b. 20 c. 33.33 d. 66.66

70. In case of I-section beam maximum shear stress is at – b 1

a. junction of top flange & web b. middle of the web c. (a) or (b) d. none of the above

71. A square section with side x of a beam is subjected to a shear force S, the magnitude of shear d 2
stress at the top edge of the square is –

a. 1.5S/x^2 b. S/x^2 c. 0.5S/x^2 d. zero

72. In I-section of a beam subjected to transverse shear force S, the maximum shear stress is a 1
developed –

a. at the center of the web b. at the top edge of the top flange

c. at the bottom edge of the top flange d. none of the above

73. A circular beam having diameter D is subjected to shear force of V. The ratio of average shear d 1
stress to maximum shear stress is –

a. 5/8 b. 7/9 c. 4/7 d. 3/4

74. A simply supported beam of span 4 m carries udl of 6 kN/m throughout span. The cross section c 2
of beam is T section with flange 100 mm in width and 10 mm in depth and web with width 10
mm and depth 100 mm. The minimum shear stress at the junction at junction of flange and web
is –

a. 14 N/mm2 b. 11 N/mm2 c. 1.4 N/mm2 d. 2 N /mm2

75. A timber beam of size 200 mm x 300 mm is simply supported over a span of 6 m. It carries UDL a 2
of 15 kN/m. The maximum shear stress is –

a. 1.13 N/mm2 b. 1.53 N/mm2 c.1.83 N/mm2 d. 2.13 N/mm2

76. In a cantilever rectangular beam, width of 220 mm and overall depth of section 450 mm. The a 2
concentrated load acting on 3 m span at cantilever end is 100 kN. The maximum bending
stress is –

a. 40 N/mm2 b. 30 N/mm2 c. 20 N/mm2 d. 10 N/mm2

77. In a cantilever rectangular beam, width of beam 100 mm and overall depth of section 500 mm. c 2
The bending stress is 86.5 N/mm2. Uniformly distributed load acting on 3 m throughout the
span is –

a. 70 kN/mm2 b. 60 kN/mm2 c. 80 kN/mm2 d. 67 kN/mm2

78. In a T section, flange and web are 120 x 25 mm and 15 x 100 mm respectively. The maximum a 2
bending tensile stress is 29.5 N/mm2. Maximum hogging bending moment is

a. 4.7 kN-m b. 3.7 kN-m c. 1.7 kN-m d. 2.7 kN-m

79. In a cantilever beam, M.I. of section is 2.18 x 106 and N.A. from top is 35.5 mm. The maximum d 2
bending stress is 195 N/mm2. Maximum bending moment is –

a. 10kN-m b. 16 kN-m c. 8 kN-m d. 12 kN-m

80. A rectangular section of beam 40 mm and 200 mm is simply supported and carries UDL of 8 c 2
kN/m. If the bending stress is not to exceed 60 MPa. The span of beam is –

a. 3 m b. 2m c. 4 m d. 5 m