Sie sind auf Seite 1von 48

Applications and Piping Strategies for

Condensing Boilers - Introduction


Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Webinar Objectives:

1. Control objectives for hydronic systems


2. Review of hydronic fundamental
principals
3. System control and piping strategy for
condensing boilers
4. Introduction to NEW Vitodens 100
Application Guide

Foil 2, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Webinar Objectives:

1. Control objectives for hydronic systems


Review of hydronic fundamental principals
System control and piping strategy for
condensing boilers
Introduction to NEW Vitodens 100
Application Guide

Foil 3, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Control Objectives for Hydronic Systems

1. Maximize Occupant Comfort:


 Maintain a constant room air temperature
 Vary temperatures as occupants desire.

2. Minimize Energy Consumption:


 Maximize boiler condensing efficiency
 Minimize boiler on/off cycling
 Minimize electrical consumption

Foil 4, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


3. Protect Equipment:

Applications and Piping Stratigies


 Prevent boiler short cycling
 Prevent excessive temperature from
damaging flooring, tubing, etc.
The Control Challenge
1. Maintain a constant room temperature, with constantly changing conditions.

Outdoor air
temperature
Heat loss changes
through
building
envelope

Heat loss
Solar
Gain
Objective:
Constant temperature
Heat loss

Heat input

Foil 5, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Infiltration and
wind losses
Internal gain:
People, equipment lights
The Control Challenge
2. Control a multiple function, multiple temperature system.

Snowmelting High-temp RFH


Pool or spa wood sub-floor
Fan coil heating
Heat
Heat Exchanger
Exchanger

DHW

Foil 6, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Low-temp RFH
concrete slab
70oF-110oF
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Webinar Objectives:

1. Overview of control objectives for


hydronic systems
2. Review of hydronic fundamental
principals
System control strategy and component
selection
Piping strategies for condensing boilers
Introduction to NEW Vitodens 100

Foil 7, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Application Guide

Applications and Piping Stratigies


Understanding Hydronic Fundamentals
The Universal Hydronics Formula

GPM = BTU/hr ÷ (T x 500)


Why is this formula important to understand?
 Sizing pipes
 Sizing pumps
 Sizing Low loss headers, zone valve, air scoops, etc
 Trouble shooting systems

Foil 8, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


 Controlling heat transfer rates

Applications and Piping Stratigies


Understanding Hydronic Fundamentals
The Universal Hydronics Formula

GPM = BTU/hr ÷ (T x 500)


WHERE:
GPM = Fluid flow rate in gallons per minute
BTU/hr = Heat Loss at design temperature of area being heated
T = Temperature drop across the piping circuit (Typically 10 - 20oF)
500 = 8.33 lb/gal x 60 min/hr x 1 (Specific heat or water - Btu/lb./oF)

Foil 9, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Understanding Hydronic Fundamentals
The Universal Hydronics Formula

GPM = BTU/hr ÷ (T x 500)


9 GPM

180oF GPM = BTU/hr ÷ (20 x 500)

Typical hydronic GPM = BTU/hr ÷ 10,000


system: 20oF

Foil 10, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


temperature drop

Applications and Piping Stratigies


90,000
BTU/hr

160oF
Understanding Hydronic Fundamentals
The Universal Hydronics Formula

GPM = BTU/hr ÷ (T x 500)


Controlling the Rate of Heat Output:
 Control the flow
 Control the water temperature Room
thermostat

Foil 11, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Rate
of M

Applications and Piping Stratigies


heat
output
Understanding Hydronic Fundamentals
The Universal Hydronics Formula

GPM = BTU/hr ÷ (T x 500)


Flow Controls:
 On-off (zone valves/pumps) Outside
air
 Balancing sensor
Room
Water temperature controls thermostat
 Boiler outdoor reset
 Mixing valves
 Thermostatic

Foil 12, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Rate
 Motorized
of M

Applications and Piping Stratigies


heat
output
Outdoor Reset Control
Why use it?

1. Comfort
 Consistent, even space temperatures
 Constant heat output to match the load
 Keep up vs Catch up

2. Efficiency
 Eliminate overheating

Foil 13, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


 Increases condensing in boiler
 Longer boiler run times

Applications and Piping Stratigies


 Lower standby losses
Outdoor Reset Control
How does it work? Heating curves

 Heat loss changes continuously

Boiler / supply water temperature


with outdoor temperature
 Water temperature is varied based
on outside air temperature
 Heat output of boiler (or mixing
device) now matches heat loss of
building

20-60oC / 70-140oF
Temp Range

Foil 14, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


95 35

Applications and Piping Stratigies


68 20
20 15
68 59
Outdoor temperature
Outdoor Reset Control
Heating curve selection

High temp heating


system, eg Fin tube
radiation, fan coils

Medium temp heating


system, eg Cast iron
radiation, Staple-up RFH

Low temp heating


system, eg Radiant floor

Foil 15, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


heating

Applications and Piping Stratigies


Controls
Foil 15
03/05
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Webinar Objectives:

1. Overview of control objectives for


hydronic systems
2. Review of hydronic fundaments
principals
3. System control and piping strategy for
condensing boilers
Piping strategies for condensing boilers
Introduction to NEW Vitodens 100

Foil 16, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Application Guide

Applications and Piping Stratigies


Control Strategy And Component Selection
Where do you start?

1. What are the system water temperature requirements?


 Low, medium or high temp emitters
 Multiple function, multiple temp systems
 DHW heating requirements

2. What are the boilers requirements


 High mass / Low mass construction
 Minimum / Maximum flow rates
 Maximizing condensing efficiency

Foil 17, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


3. What are the zoning requirements?
 Areas experiencing solar gain or internal heat gains

Applications and Piping Stratigies


 Areas with different use patterns
 Night or weekend temperature setback
Control Strategy And Component Selection
1. Typical hydronic emitters water temperature requirements

High temperature emitters:


 Finned tube baseboard 140 - 190 oF
 Air heat fancoils 140 - 180 oF
 Pool/spa heat exchangers 160 - 180 oF
 DHW production 150 - 190 oF

Medium temperature emitters:


 Cast iron radiators 100 - 140 oF
 Low mass radiant floor
ie: wood joist floors 100 -150 oF

Foil 18, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Low temperature emitters:

Applications and Piping Stratigies


 High mass radiant floor
ie: concrete floors 80 - 120 oF
 Snowmelting systems 80 - 120 oF
Control Strategy And Component Selection
2. Boiler requirements – Temperature

How do you maximize the efficiency of condensing boiler?

98
130oF Dew Point
96 of Natural Gas
Boiler efficiency %

94

92

90

88
140oF
Condensing

Foil 19, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


86 mode
120oF
84

Applications and Piping Stratigies


82 Non-Condensing
mode
80
80 100 120 140 160
Boiler return water temp oF
Control Strategy And Component Selection
2. Boiler requirements – Construction

Vitodens 100 / 200 series:


 Low mass HX construction
 Low water content
 Minimum and Maximum flow rate requirements
 Higher friction loss through heat exchanger
 Maximum boiler temperature limitations (= 167oF or 176oF)

Vitocrossal 300, CU3A series:


 High mass HX construction

Foil 20, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


 High water content
 No Minimum flow rate requirements

Applications and Piping Stratigies


 Lower friction loss through heat exchanger
 Maximum boiler temperature limitations (= 194oF)
Control Strategy And Component Selection
2. Boiler requirements – Piping

Vitodens 100 / 200 series:


 To avoid short cycling, flow must be maintained
 Dedicated boiler pump usually required
 Primary-secondary piping usually required
 Closely spaced tees or
 Low loss header

Vitocrossal 300, CU3A series:


 Not flow sensitive

Foil 21, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


 Dedicated boiler pump not required

Applications and Piping Stratigies


 Primary secondary not required
Control Strategy And Component Selection
2. Boiler requirements – Piping

Primary-Secondary
piping

Foil 22, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Piping directly to
system
Control Strategy And Component Selection
2. Boiler requirements – Hydraulic separation with Primary-Secondary Piping

Option 1: Option 2:
Closely spaced Tees Low Loss Header

Foil 23, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Control Strategy And Component Selection
2. Boiler requirements – Hydraulic separation with Primary-Secondary Piping

Happy boiler:
 Always gets the flow it needs
 Less likely to short cycle
This pump only has to  Not affected by on/off zones
over come the friction loss
of the heat emitters and
secondary loop piping

Foil 24, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


This pump only has to
Secondary over come the friction
loss of the boiler and

Applications and Piping Stratigies


Loop Primary
primary loop piping
Loop
Control Strategy And Component Selection
2. Boiler requirements – Low Loss Header operation
Mixing occurs within the hydraulic separator.

Secondary Primary Secondary Primary

Foil 25, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Primary flow higher Secondary flow higher
than secondary flow than primary flow
Control Strategy And Component Selection
3. Zoning requirements

Multiple zone pumps Thermostatically controlled zone pumps

 Higher electrical consumption


 Flow balance with speed control

Multizone
control

Foil 26, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Control Strategy And Component Selection
3. Zoning requirements

Single pump, multiple zone valves Thermostatically controlled zone valves

 Lower electrical consumption


 Individual loop control for RFH
 With single speed pump use pressure
bypass valve to balance flow
M M M

Multizone
control

Foil 27, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Single speed
pump

Pressure bypass
valve
Control Strategy And Component Selection
3. Zoning requirements

Single pump, multiple zone valves Thermostatically controlled zone valves

 Lower electrical consumption


 Individual loop control for RFH
 Variable speed pump to balance flow

M M M

Multizone
control

Foil 28, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Variable speed
pump
Control Strategy And Component Selection
Time to start designing!

1. System water temperature requirements


 Separate heating circuits by temperature
 Use mixing valves to satisfy lower
temperatures

2. Boilers requirements
 Size boiler to match heating load
 Pick piping strategy to meet boiler
construction

Foil 29, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


3. What are the zoning requirements?

Applications and Piping Stratigies


 Add zone controls to meet zoning demands
of building
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Webinar Objectives:

1. Overview of control objectives for


hydronic systems
2. Review of hydronic fundaments
principals
3. System control and piping strategy for
condensing boilers
4. Introduction to NEW Vitodens 100
Application Guide

Foil 30, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide
 First module for Vitodens 100 introduced in
November 2015
 Installer / Designer assistance for:
 Component selection
 Hydronic piping layouts
 Wiring diagrams
 Control Programing / coding
 Design tips
 Future modules – Vitodens 200, Vitodens 222-F

Foil 31, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide – Boiler Nomenclature

Foil 32, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide – Recommended Product Application

Foil 33, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide – Component Index

Foil 34, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide – Piping Layouts

Foil 35, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide – Wiring Layouts

Foil 36, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide – Set-up and Programming

Foil 37, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide – Application # 1

Foil 38, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide – Application # 2

Foil 39, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide – Application # 3

Foil 40, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide – Application # 4

Foil 41, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide – Application # 5

Foil 42, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide – Application # 6

Foil 43, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide Phase 2 – Vitodens 200 piping

Motorized

Foil 45, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


mixing
valve

Applications and Piping Stratigies


Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide Phase 2 – Vitodens 200 piping

Foil 46, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Motorized
mixing
valves
Applications and Piping Strategies for Condensing Boilers
Application Guide Phase 2 – Vitodens 200 piping

Foil 47, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
For More Information…

1. Contact your local Viessmann Sales Representative


2. Download literature and technical manuals by going to
the ProLogin section of the Viessmann website:
http://www.viessmann.ca/en/Residential/Downloads/Ma
nuals.html
3. Get more training at one of our in-depth 1 or 2-day
Academy seminars. Go to the Academy section of the
Viessmann website for the full schedule of all our in-
house training.

Foil 48, 10/2015 © Viessmann Manufacturing


Applications and Piping Stratigies
Applications and Piping Strategies for
Condensing Boilers - Introduction