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Janez Janša
Ivan Janša (Slovene: [ˈíːʋan ˈjàːnʃa];[1] born 17 September 1958),
Janez Janša
baptized and best known as Janez Janša[2] [ˈjàːnɛs],[3] is a
Slovenian politician who was Prime Minister of Slovenia from 2004
to 2008 and again from 2012 to 2013.[4][5] He has led the Slovenian
Democratic Party since 1993. Janša was Minister of Defence from
1990 to 1994, holding that post during the Slovenian War of
Independence (June–July 1991).

Janša became Prime Minister again in 2012, following an early


election in December 2011. On 27 February 2013, Janša's second
government was ousted in a vote of non-confidence, and Positive
Slovenia's Alenka Bratušek was tasked to form a new
government.[6] On 5 June 2013, Janša was sentenced to two years
in prison on corruption charges.[7] The ruling was confirmed by
Slovenia's higher court on 28 April 2014[8] and unanimously
overturned by the Constitutional Court of Slovenia on 23 April
2015.[9]
Janez Janša in 2015
Janša is a close ally of Hungary's Prime Minster Viktor Orbán. 6th & 8th Prime Minister of
[10][11]
Slovenia
In office
10 February 2012 – 20 March 2013
President Danilo Türk
Contents Borut Pahor
Youth and education
Preceded by Borut Pahor
Dissident
Succeeded by Alenka Bratušek
Involvement in the pacifist movement
Rapprochement with the Socialist Youth movement In office
Arrest and trial 3 December 2004 – 21 November
2008
Political career
1990–1994 Minister of Defence President Janez Drnovšek
1994–2004 in opposition Danilo Türk
Criticism as extremist Preceded by Anton Rop
2004–2008 first Prime Minister term Succeeded by Borut Pahor
2008–2011 in opposition
Personal details
2011 election and aftermath
2012–2013: second Prime Minister term Born 17 September 1958
2013: In opposition and court trial Grosuplje,
2014: In prison Yugoslavia

Accusations of plagiarism

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Personal life
Political party League of
Communists (Before
Books
1985)
References
Slovenian
External links Democratic Union
(1989–1991)
Slovenian
Youth and education Democratic Party
(1991–present)
Born to a Roman Catholic working-class family of Grosuplje, he
was called Janez (a version of the same name; both are John in Spouse(s) Silva Predalič
English) since childhood. His father was a member of the Slovenian Urška Bačovnik
Home Guard from Dobrova near Ljubljana who had escaped (2009-)
Communist retaliation due to his young age.[12] Children 4 (Črtomir, Jakob
and 2 others)
Janša graduated from the Faculty of Social Sciences of the
Alma mater University of
University of Ljubljana with a degree in Defence Studies in 1982,
Ljubljana
and became a trainee in the Defence Secretariate of the Socialist
Republic of Slovenia.

In his younger years, when being a communist was advantageous for career, he was a member of the League of
Communists and one of the leaders of its youth wing. He became president of the Committee for Basic People's
Defence and Social Self-Protection of the League of the Socialist Youth of Slovenia (ZSMS).

Dissident

Involvement in the pacifist movement


In 1983, Janša wrote the first of his dissident articles about the nature of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA). In
the late 1980s, as Slovenia was introducing democratic reforms and gradually lifting restrictions on freedom of
speech, Janša wrote several articles criticising the Yugoslav People's Army in Mladina magazine (published by
the League of Socialist Youth of Slovenia). As a result, his re-election as president of the Committee was
blocked in 1984, and in 1985 his passport was withdrawn. He said that he made over 250 job applications in
the following year without success, and was unable to secure publication of some articles. Other articles are
documented in COBISS In this period he earned his living writing computer programs and acting as a
mountaineering guide. Liberalization in the succeeding years allowed him to get work as secretary of the
Journal for the Criticism of Science (1986) and later to begin publishing again in Mladina magazine.

He became involved in the pacifist movement, and emerged as an important activist in the network of civil
society organizations in Slovenia.[13] By the mid-1980s, he was one of the most prominent activist of the
Slovenian pacifist movement.[14]

In the mid-1980s, Janša was employed in the Slovenian software company Mikrohit;[15] in the years 1986/87,
Janša founded, together with his friend Igor Omerza (later high-ranking politician of the Slovenian Democratic
Union and the Liberal Democracy of Slovenia), his own software company Mikro Ada.[15]

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Rapprochement with the Socialist Youth movement


In 1987, Janša was approached by the family of the late politician Stane Kavčič, who had been the most
important exponent of the reformist fraction in the Slovenian Communist Party in the late 1960s, and Prime
Minister of Slovenia between 1967 and 1972; he was asked to edit the manuscript of Kavčič's diaries.[16] Janša
edited the volume together with Igor Bavčar.[17] The publication of the book was part of the political project of
Niko Kavčič, former banker and prominent member of the reformist wing of the Communist Party, to establish
a new Slovenian left wing political formation that would challenge the hardliners within the Communist
Party.[17]

In the spring of 1988, Janša ran for president of the League of the Socialist Youth of Slovenia, a semi-
independent youth organization of the Communist Party, which had been open, since 1986, also to non-party
members. In his program, Janša proposed that the organization become independent of the Communist Party
and transform itself into an association of all youth and civic associations; he also proposed that it rename
itself the "League of Youth Organizations and Movements", and that it assume the role of the main civil society
platform in Slovenia.[18] During that time, he also participated in the public discussions on the constitutional
changes of Yugoslav and Slovenian constitution.[19]

Arrest and trial


On 30 May 1988, he was arrested together with three other Mladina journalists and a staff sergeant of the
Yugoslav Army, Ivan Borštner. They were tried in a military court on charges of exposing military secrets, and
given prison sentences. The trial was conducted in camera, with no legal representation for the accused, and in
Serbo-Croatian (the official language of the Yugoslav Army) rather than in Slovene.

Janša was sentenced to 18 months imprisonment, initially in the maximum security prison at Dob, but
following a public outcry, he was transferred to the open prison of Ig. The case became known as the JBTZ-
trial and triggered mass protests against the government, which marked the beginning of the process of
democratization, known as the Slovenian Spring. The Committee for the Defence of the Rights of Janez Janša
was formed soon after his arrest, which became the largest grassroots civil society organization in Slovenia
with over 100,000 members.

Some circumstances surrounding Janša's arrest have never been clarified, especially the role played by the
Slovenian Communist leadership. Janša later, when membership of Communist Party was no longer
prerequisite for good career, accused the Slovenian Communist leader Milan Kučan of having accepted the
Yugoslav Army's request for the arrest.[20] Niko Kavčič, who was at that time considered Janša's political
mentor,[21] believed the arrest was organized by the hardliners within the Slovenian Communist Party who
were angered by the publication of Stane Kavčič's diaries and wanted to prevent the formation of an alternative
reformist movement.[22]

The philosopher Slavoj Žižek, who at the time also worked as a columnist for Mladina, suggested that Janša
was arrested because of his critical articles on the Yugoslav Army, and because the army wanted to prevent his
election as president of the League of the Socialist Youth of Slovenia.[23] As a consequence of his arrest, he
could not run for the position; nevertheless, the leadership of the organization decided to carry on with the
elections despite Janša's arrest. In June 1988, Jožef Školč was elected as president of the League instead of
Janša.[18]

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As a protest against the League of the Socialist Youth of Slovenia's decision not to postpone the elections,
Janša's broke all relations with the organization. Janša was released after serving about six months of
sentence, and became editor in chief of the Slovene political weekly magazine Demokracija (Democracy). He
remained in this position until the elections of May 1990.

Political career

1990–1994 Minister of Defence


In 1989, Janša was involved in the founding of one of the first opposition parties in Slovenia, the Slovenian
Democratic Union (SDZ) and became its first vice-president, and later president of the Party Council.
Following the first free elections in May 1990 he became the Minister of Defence in Lojze Peterle's cabinet, a
position he held during the Slovenian war for independence in June and July 1991. Together with the Minister
of Interior Igor Bavčar, Janša was the main organizer's of Slovenia's strategy against the Yugoslav People's
Army.

In 1992, when the Slovenian Democratic Union broke into a liberal and a conservative wing, the leaders of the
liberal fraction wanted to propose Janša as the compromise president of the party, but he refused the offer.[24]
After the party's final breakdown, he joined the Social Democratic Party of Slovenia (now called Slovenian
Democratic Party) and remained Defence Minister in the center-left coalition government of Janez Drnovšek
until March 1994. In May 1993, he was elected president of the Social Democratic Party of Slovenia with the
support of Jože Pučnik, the party's previous leader, and was re-elected in 1995, 1999, 2001, 2005 and 2009.

1994–2004 in opposition
In March 1994, Janša was dismissed by Prime Minister Janez Drnovšek as a consequence of the Smolnikar
affair (also known as Depala Vas affair). The affair began when three military intelligence servicemen allegedly
brutally arrested a civilian, hired by the Ministry of the Interior for espionage. Janša was never accused of
direct responsibility for this action, but his public defence of the military agents who carried out the arrest
outraged the left wing sector of public opinion. In response, Drnovšek dismissed Janša and removed the Social
Democratic Party from the ruling coalition. The official charges against the military servicemen involved were
later dismissed, but the issue remains a point of controversy. Janša used the parliamentary debate on his
dismissal to criticize his former allies, Drnovšek and President Milan Kučan, whom he accused of abusing his
informal connections for subversive political actions. Janša's dismissal caused a great stir in the public
opinion, including mass demonstrations in his support. In local elections the same year, the Social Democratic
Party experienced a significant boost in popularity, becoming the main opposition force, and in the 1996
parliamentary elections Janša's party rose from around 3.5% to more than 16%, becoming the third largest
political party in the country.

For a short period between June and November 2000, Janša served as Defence Minister in the short-lived
centre-right government of Christian democrat Andrej Bajuk. During this time he introduced chaplains to the
armed forces. Excluding this interval, Janša remained the leader of the opposition until 2004.

During his time in opposition, Janša supported the government's efforts for the integration into EU and
NATO. Between 2002 and 2004, he re-established cordial relations with now-President Drnovšek: in 2003,

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Drnovšek headed a round table on Slovenia's future based on Janša's recommendations.[25]

Criticism as extremist
During this time, Janša was frequently accused of political extremism and radical discourse. Janša's former
friend and fellow dissident Spomenka Hribar argues that his campaigns seem like conspiracy theories, and
emphasize emotion, especially patriotic fervor, over rationality.[26][27] The post-Marxist sociologist Rudi
Rizman describes Janša's rhetoric as radical populism, close to demagoguery.[28] The notion of "Udbo-Mafija",
a term coined by the architect Edo Ravnikar[29] to denote the illegitimate structural connections between the
Post-Communist elites, is particularly prevalent in Janša's thought.[28] Most critics agree that Janša is similar
to other European radical right-wing populist leaders.[28] Janša's rhetoric is nationalist and xenophobic,
including verbal attacks against foreigners, especially from the other former-Yugoslav states, and
"communists".[30] Hribar considers these elements a form of extreme nationalism and chauvinism; to her, his
irredentist claims towards Croatia seem obvious neo-fascism.[27]

The sociologist Frane Adam instead explains Janša as the product of culture wars between the old Communist
elites and the hitherto-disenfranchised elites of the right wing.[31] The writer Drago Jančar similarly interprets
the animosity against Janša as unjustified reactions of a culture unused to conservative political discourse.[32]

Ahead of the 2004 electoral campaign, Janša turned towards moderation, tempering his radical language and
attacks against alleged Communists. Still, some critics continued to point out nationalistic rhetoric against
immigrants.[33]

2004–2008 first Prime Minister term


Janša was for the first time Prime Minister of Slovenia from
November 2004 to November 2008. During the term characterized
by over-enthusiasm after joining EU, between 2005 and 2008 the
Slovenian banks have seen loan-deposit ratio veering out of
control, over-borrowing from foreign banks and then over-
crediting private sector, leading to its unsustainable growth.

It was also for the first time after 1992 that the President of
Janez Janša's cabinet in 2004
Republic and the Prime Minister had represented opposing
political factions for more than a few months. The relationship
between Drnovšek and the government quickly became tense. After the landslide victory of the opposition
candidate Danilo Türk in the 2007 presidential election, Janša filed a Motion of Confidence in the government
on 15 November 2007, stating that the opposition's criticism was interfering with the government's work
during Slovenia's presidency over the European Union.[34] The government won the vote, held on 19
November, with 51 votes supporting it and 33 opposing it.[35] In the speech delivered after the vote, Janša
announced, among other, an intensification of the fight against financial criminality and the illegal
concentration of capital in the hands of single powerful managers, to whom he referred as tycoons. In the
following months, the Slovenian police and public prosecution launched a full-scale investigation against some
of the biggest companies in the country, namely against the Laško Brewery Concern.

In the beginning of December 2011, several clips of the recordings of closed sessions of the Government of
Slovenia during the mandate of Janez Janša were published on the video-sharing website YouTube.[36][37]

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Allegations were made against Janez Janša that he tried to


subordinate Slovenian media.[38] On 1 September 2008, some three
weeks before the Slovenian parliamentary elections, allegations
were made in Finnish TV in a documentary broadcast by the
Finnish national broadcasting company YLE that Janša had
received bribes from the Finnish defense company Patria (73.2% of
which is the property of the Finnish government) in the so-called
Patria case.[39][40][41] Janša rejected all accusations as a media
conspiracy concocted by left-wing Slovenian journalists, and
demanded YLE to provide evidence or to retract the story.[42]
Janša's naming of individual journalists, including some of those
Janša at the summit of the behind the 2007 Petition Against Political Pressure on Slovenian
European People's Party Journalists, and the perceived use of diplomatic channels in an
attempt to coerce the Finnish government into interfering with YLE
editorial policy, drew criticism from media freedom organizations,
such as the International Press Institute[43][44] and European branch of International Federation of Journalists
whose representative, Aidan White, IFJ general secretary, said "The (Janša's) government is distorting the
facts, failing to tell Slovenians the truth and trying to pull the wool over the eyes of the European public about
its attitude to media".[45]

2008–2011 in opposition
In the November 2008 election, Janša's party was placed second and he was replaced as Prime Minister by
Borut Pahor, the Social Democrat leader. After the onset of Financial crisis of 2007–2010 and European
sovereign-debt crisis, the left-wing coalition that replaced Janša's government in 2008 elections, had to face
the consequences of the 2005–2008 over-borrowing; however, all the attempts to implement reforms that
would help towards economic recovery were met by student protesters, led by a student who later became a
member of Janez Janša's SDS, and by the trade unions. The proposed reforms were postponed on a
referendum.

2011 election and aftermath


In December 2011 Janša's party won the second place in the Slovenian parliamentary elections. Since the
Prime Minister-designate of the first-placed party, Positive Slovenia, Zoran Janković failed to secure himself
enough votes in the National Assembly,[46] and Danilo Türk, the President of Slovenia, declined to propose
Janša as the Prime Minister, because Janša had been charged in the Patria bribery case, Janša was proposed as
the Prime Minister by the coalition of the parties SDS, SLS, DeSUS, NSi, and the newly formed Gregor Virant's
Civic List on 25 January 2012.[47] On 28 January he became the Prime-Minister elect.[48] His cabinet[49] was
confirmed on 10 February, and Janša became the new Prime Minister with a handover from Pahor on the
same day.[50][51] On 13 February the President received the new Government and wished them luck. Both
parties agreed that good cooperation is crucial for success.[52]

2012–2013: second Prime Minister term


During the second Prime Minister term, which lasted only one year, Janez Janša responded to the weakening

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of Slovenian economy during the global economic crisis and European sovereign-debt crisis with opening up
old ideological fronts against liberal media, and against public sector – especially educational and cultural
sectors, accusing them of being under influence of members of old regime (called Udbomafia and "Uncles from
Behind the Scenes" (In Slovene: "strici iz ozadja")[53]) and against everyone who doubted that austerity
measures forced upon Slovenia are right ones.[54][55]

Slovenian political elites faced the 2012–2013 Slovenian protests demanding their resignation.[56][57][58][59]

In January 2013, the 2012–2013 Investigation Report on the parliamentary parties' leaders by Commission
for the Prevention of Corruption of the Republic of Slovenia revealed that Janez Janša and Zoran Janković
systematically and repeatedly violated the law by failing to properly report their assets.[60][60][61][62] It revealed
his purchase of one of the real-estate was indirectly co-funded by a construction firm, a major government
contractor.[60] It showed that his use of funds in the amount of at least 200.000 EUR, coming from unknown
origin, exceeded both his income and savings.[60]

Immediately after the release of the report, Civic List issued an ultimatum to Janša's party to find another
party member to serve as a new PM.[63] Since Janša was ignoring the report and his party didn't offer any
replacement for him, all three coalition parties and their leaders left the government within weeks and were
subjected to ad hominem attacks by Janez Janša who accused the SLS's leader Radovan Žerjav of being "the
worst (economics) minister in history of Slovenia", while the leader of the Civic List Gregor Virant has been
mocked by Janša as engaging in "virantovanje" (a word game on kurentovanje, a Slovenian carnival festival).
[64][65][66] On 27 February 2013, Janša's government fell, following a vote of no confidence over allegations of
corruption and an unpopular austerity programme in the midst of the country's recession. Gregor Virant
welcomed the outcome of the vote, stating that it will enable Slovenia to move forward, either to form a new
government or to call for an early election.[67]

2013: In opposition and court trial


Following the fall of his government, Janša decided not to resume his position as a member of the National
Assembly. Instead, he decided to work for his party (SDS), write books, lecture at international institutes and
help as a counsellor.[68]

On 5 June 2013, the District Court in Ljubljana ruled that Janša and two others had sought about €2m in
commission from a Finnish firm, Patria, in order to help it win a military supply contract in 2006 (Patria
case).[69] Janša was sentenced to two years while Tone Krkovič and Ivan Črnkovič, his co-defendants, were
each sentenced to 22 months in prison. All three were also fined €37,000 each.[69][70] Janša has denied the
accusations, claiming the whole process is politically motivated.[71] The following day, the Minister of Justice,
Senko Pličanič, emphasised that the court ruling was not yet binding and therefore Janša was still presumed
innocent.[72]

Several hundred supporters had rallied outside the court to protest the ruling, while another group of people
welcomed the outcome.[73] In his first response, Janša stated he will fight with all available legal and political
means to overturn the ruling at the superior court.[74] He has also drawn parallels to the politically motivated
JBTZ trial, where he was sentenced to prison 25 years ago.[74] Members of SDS, NSi and SLS, the opposition
parties, condemned the ruling.[73] The coalition mostly abstained from comments. Borut Pahor, the President
of Slovenia, stressed that the authority of the court should be respected, regardless of personal opinions.[75]

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The ruling was welcomed by the members of the Protest movement and Goran Klemenčič of the Commission
for the Prevention of Corruption of the Republic of Slovenia, who stated that the fight against corruption in
Slovenia must continue.[76]

2014: In prison
After the Constitutional Court of Slovenia with the majority of
votes dismissed Janša's appeal due to him not having
exhausted every other legal means available to him, on 20
June 2014 Janša started serving his prison term in Dob
Prison, the largest Slovene prison. He was escorted there by
about 3,000 supporters.[77] The influential German centre-
right wing newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
reported the following day that the domestic Slovene and the
international law experts recognised large violations of Janša's Janša with one his closest allies, Viktor
rights in the court case.[78] The case is to be reviewed by the Orbán on the EPP Summit, 22 March
Supreme Court, but this does not postpone the execution of 2018
the sentence that started just three weeks before the
parliamentary election. Former constitutional judges
criticised the decision of the Constitutional Court for being based on formalities instead of on the content, and
commented that a large legal inconsistency in the process was discovered only in front of the Constitutional
Court and that it will prevent the Supreme Court from not overturning the judgement.[79] On 12 December
2014 Janša was temporarily released from the prison pending the review of the case by the Constitutional
Court.[80] The conviction was unanimously overturned by the Constitutional Court on 23 April 2015.[9]

Accusations of plagiarism
The largest and most notable Roman Catholic newspaper Družina and Janša have both claimed that the very
few individuals who managed to survive the Kočevski Rog massacre included Janša's father, although the story
of the actual survivor France Dejak, which was told in 1989 for the first time in Mladina,[81] was re-told in
details as if it has been experienced by Janša's father.

In 2008, it was reported by the newspaper Mladina that Janez Janša copied a speech by Tony Blair, the Prime
Minister of the United Kingdom. It was used in 2006 for the ceremony on the 15th anniversary of the
Slovenian declaration of independence. His office responded with the claim that it was not copied but similar
to Blair's speech, and that this were only a few phrases often used for such occasions. A few of these sentences
were proclaimed the Spade of the Year by the newspaper Večer in 2006; the award is given annually to the
best publicly expressed thought in Slovenia.[82]

Personal life
Janša is an active mountaineer, golfer, footballer, skier and snowboarder.[83]

Since July 2009, Janša has been married to Urška Bačovnik (MD) from Velenje. The two had been dating since
2006.[84] In August 2011, their son Črtomir was born.[85] Their second son, Jakob, was born in August 2013.[86]

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Before his marriage to Urška Bačovnik, Janša was in a long-term relationship with Silva Predalič, who bore
him two children, a son and a daughter.[83][87]

Books
Janša has published several books, the two of which are Premiki ("Manoeuvres", published in 1992 and
subsequently translated into English under the title "The Making of the Slovenian State") and Okopi
("Barricades", 1994), in which he exposes his personal views on the problems of Slovenia's transition from
Communism to a parliamentary democracy. In both books, but particularly in Okopi, Janša criticized the then
president of Slovenia Milan Kučan of interfering in daily politics using the informal influence he had gained as
the last chairman of the Communist Party of Slovenia. He published second edition of the same book: Dvajset
let pozneje Okopi with some additional documents and personal views.

Podružbljanje varnosti in obrambe ('The Socialization of Security and Defence', editor); Ljubljana:
Republiška konferenca ZSMS, 1984.
Stane Kavčič, Dnevnik in spomini ('The Memoirs of Stane Kavčič', co-edited with Igor Bavčar); Ljubljana:
ČKZ, 1988.
Na svoji strani ('On One's Own Side', collection of articles); Ljubljana: ČKZ, 1988.
Premiki: nastajanje in obramba slovenske države 1988–1992; Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga, 1992. English
translation: The Making of the Slovenian State, 1988–1992: the Collapse of Yugoslavia; Ljubljana:
Mladinska knjiga, 1994.
Okopi: pot slovenske države 1991–1994 ('Trenches: the Evolution of the Slovenian State, 1991–1994');
Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga, 1994.
Sedem let pozneje ('Seven Years Later'). Ljubljana: Založba Karantanija, 1994.
Osem let pozneje ('Eight Years Later', co-authored with Ivan Borštner and David Tasić); Ljubljana: Založba
Karantanija, 1995.
Dvajset let pozneje, Okopi II ('Twenty Years Later, Trenches II'). Ljubljana: Založba Mladinska knjiga,
2014.

References
1. "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Ivan" (http://bos.zrc-sazu.si/c/SP/neva.exe?name=sp&expression=Ivan&hs=1).
"Slovenski pravopis 2001: Janša" (http://bos.zrc-sazu.si/c/SP/neva.exe?name=sp&expression=Jan
%C5%A1a&hs=1).
2. "Janša: P.S. Janez ni moj vzdevek" (http://24ur.com/novice/slovenija/jansa-p-s-janez-ni-moj-
vzdevek_comment_p10_a190.html?&page=10&p_all_items=190) [Janša: P.S.: Janez is not my
Nickname]. 24ur.si (in Slovenian). 28 September 2010.
3. "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Janez" (http://bos.zrc-sazu.si/c/SP/neva.exe?name=sp&expression=Janez&
hs=1). "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Janša" (http://bos.zrc-sazu.si/c/SP/neva.exe?name=sp&expression=Jan
%C5%A1a&hs=1).
4. "Parliament Endorses Janša for PM-Elect (roundup)" (http://www.sta.si/vest.php?s=s&id=1720554).
Slovenian Press Agency. 28 January 2012.
5. "Sklep o izvolitvi predsednika Vlade Republike Slovenije" (http://www.uradni-list.si
/1/objava.jsp?urlid=20127&stevilka=254). Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia. 28 January 2011.
6. "Slovenia parliament ousts PM Jansa" (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-21611386). 28 February
2013. Retrieved 4 March 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
7. "Janša to "Fight to the End", Says Conviction Political" (http://www.sloveniatimes.com/jansa-to-fight-to-
the-end-says-conviction-political). The Slovenia Times. 5 June 2013.

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8. "Slovenian court confirms jail sentence for ex-PM Jansa" (https://www.reuters.com/article/2014/04/28/us-


slovenia-corruption-idUSBREA3R0UL20140428). Reuters. 28 April 2014.
9. "Constitutional court overturned the convictions in the Patria case" (http://www.rtvslo.si/news-in-english
/constitutional-court-overturned-the-convictions-in-the-patria-case/363556). MMC RTV Slovenia. 23 April
2015.
10. https://www.politico.eu/article/slovenian-survivor-targets-victory-a-la-orban/
11. https://euobserver.com/tickers/141960
12. Janez Janša, Okopi (Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga, 1994)
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External links
Office of the Slovenian Prime Minister (http://www.kpv.gov.si/index.php?id=225&L=1)

Political offices

Minister of Defence Succeeded by


New office
1990–1994 Jelko Kacin

Preceded by Minister of Defence Succeeded by


Franci Demšar 2000 Anton Grizold

Preceded by Prime Minister of Slovenia Succeeded by


Anton Rop 2004–2008 Borut Pahor

President of the European


Preceded by Succeeded by
Council
José Sócrates Nicolas Sarkozy
2008

Preceded by Prime Minister of Slovenia Succeeded by


Borut Pahor 2012–2013 Alenka Bratušek

Party political offices

President of the Democratic


Preceded by
Party Incumbent
Jože Pučnik
1993–present

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