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DI RECT ADAPTI VE

STEERI NG™
YUW UN CHAI
STEERI NG SYSTEM ENGI NEER
I NFI NI TI MOTOR L I MI TED
DI RECT ADAPTI VE STEERI NG™
 Applying "by-wire" is the future of steering
 Fighter jets, airplanes and ships already have
by-wire technology
 First used by NASA on the Digital
Fly–By–Wire reach program in the early 1970’s
 As it became commonplace in aircraft
controls, it will also be the future of
automotive steering
DI RECT ADAPTI VE STEERI NG™
 I n planes, electronic fly-by-wire systems
respond quickly to changing aerodynamics
 Require less maintenance
 Saves costs and weight
 System responds much quicker than
human pilot
 W hat is norm in airplanes today will
become common in cars as well
 Similar to other groundbreaking
inventions, it may require a shift in
thinking
DI RECT ADAPTI VE STEERI NG™
W orld’s first automotive steering system
by-wire technology Steering Force Actuator

 At normal times, the steering wheel


clutch remains disengaged ECU

 Steering angle actuator drives the


steering rack and controls the tire
turning angle
 Steering force actuator generates
appropriate steering force feedback to
Clutch
the steering wheel and driver
 Electronic Control Units control the ECU
ECU
respective motors, with 'mutual Steering Angle Actuator
monitoring' functions
DI RECT ADAPTI VE STEERI NG™
Safety Overview
 Multiple ECU configuration − similar to aircraft
 Three ECUs constantly monitor each other and the system status with
immediately switches to the backup mode should failure occur

FAI L URE

disengage
command clutch: open × clutch: engaged

communication
DI RECT ADAPTI VE STEERI NG™
Accurate and I mproved Response
 Direct digital feed from steering wheel to the steering rack
 No rubber bushes in the system meaning reduction in ‘play’ in the system − no in-built ‘suspension’
Direct Adaptive Steering Conventional Steering input
delay
Steering input
delay

delay
Mechanical
elements

delay
Steering rack
actuation

Tire motion Tire motion


DI RECT ADAPTI VE STEERI NG™
I mproved Response
 W ith conventional steering, drivers need to give early input in approaching curves
 W ith Direct Adaptive Steering, early input is reduced, allowing more intuitive steering
“ideal trace line”
Traditional steering
 W hen approaching a bend, driver will need to
give an "early steer input" (predictive steering) or
otherwise, the vehicle will not turn smoothly
actual trace line
W ith Direct Adaptive Steering™
 By elimination of the inherent steering-vehicle
“early steer input”
delay (i.e. quicker response), early steer input
requirement is reduced, the driver will be able driver steer input
to steer the vehicle more intuitively
DI RECT ADAPTI VE STEERI NG™
I mproved Feel
 System provides informative and steady feedback force to the steering wheel,
with no delay
Direct Adaptive Steering Feedback Conventional
Steering force Steering input
input

Feedback
Force delay
delay

Kick-backs
Kick-
backs
Tire Tire motion
force Tire motion
Tire force
(reaction from road surface)
DI RECT ADAPTI VE STEERI NG™
Additional Benefits (less driving exhaustion)
 Steering correction benchmark result
88mph (140kmh)
steering correction (deg)

125mph (200kmh)

premium average

Q50 (with DAS)


ACTI VE L ANE CONTROL ™
 Additional feature to further provide a
secure feeling and reduce driver’s Camera system to detect
vehicle’s direction to the lane
fatigue with highway driving
 Driver’s steering correction is
significantly reduced

Slight compensation of steering reduces


the vehicle’s direction to the lane.
ACTI VE L ANE CONTROL
Subject 7

Subject 4 Subject 11 Subject 6


Subject 9 Additional Benefits
Subject 8

Subject 12
Subject 13
 Drivers need less steering effort
Subject 10
 Driving overall is less tiring
Deviation of L ane Position

Subject 5
Performance

I ndividual Changes

W ithout system

W ith system

Rate of Steering Correction per Minute


Effort
DI RECT ADAPTI VE STEERI NG™
Summary
 L ess Tiring
– Reduced vibration and steering input
– Easier to keep vehicle in center of lane
 More Precise
– W here you steer is where you go
 Faster
– Electronic signal is faster than
mechanical
 Personal
– Driver can choose steering settings
based on preferences and conditions
DI RECT ADAPTI VE
STEERI NG™