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1 RAJ V. ABHYANKER, California SBN 233,284


Email: raj@legalforcelaw.com
2 WENSHENG MA, California SBN 299,961
Email: vincent@legalforcelaw.com
3
LEGALFORCE RAPC WORLDWIDE, P.C.
4 1580 W. El Camino Real, Suite 10
Mountain View, CA 94040
5 Telephone: (650) 965-8731
Facsimile: (650) 989-2131
6
Attorneys for Plaintiff,
7 LegalForce, Inc.
8
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
9
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
10
SAN FRANCISCO DIVISION
11

12
LEGALFORCE, INC., Case No. 3:17-cv-07194-MMC
13
Plaintiff, DECLARATION OF RONALD R.
14 BUTTERS
v.
15
LEGALZOOM.COM, INC.,
16
Defendant.
17

18
1. I, Ronald R. Butters, make this Declaration in support of Plaintiff’s Reply to
19
Defendant’s Opposition to file a Third Amended Complaint.
20

21 2. I am being compensated for my work in this case at a base rate of $400 per hour.

22 3. The matters stated in this declaration are true of my personal knowledge, and, if

23 called upon to do so, I could and would testify competently thereto.


24
4. I am a Professor Emeritus of English at Duke University, where I directed the Duke
25
Linguistics Program for many years.
26
5. I regularly publish works on (1) current American English and (2) linguistics and
27
28 legal issues, with special interest in trademarks, contracts and statutes, and defamation.

1
DECLARATION OF RONALD R. BUTTERS
CASE NO.: 3:17-cv-07194-MMC
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 6 of 128

1 6. I am a past editor of The International Journal of Speech, Language, and the Law and
2 I am also a past president of the journal’s co-sponsoring scholarly organization, the International
3
Association of Forensic Linguists.
4
7. I hold a Ph.D. in English with a concentration in linguistics from the University of
5
Iowa in 1967 and a B.A. with Honors and Highest Distinction in English from the University of
6

7 Iowa in 1962.

8 8. Attached as Exhibit A is a true and correct copy of my Curriculum Vitae.

9 9. I have prepared this Declaration at the request of the law firm LegalForce RAPC
10
Worldwide, PC, of Mountain View, California, the counsel for LegalForce Inc., the Plaintiff in the
11
above-named case. They have asked me to provide my scientific opinion concerning the potential
12
bases for linguistic confusion—among ordinary SPEAKERS of contemporary American English—of
13
four terms or marks: (1) TRADEMARKIA, which is the mark of the Plaintiff, LegalForce, Inc.;1 (2)
14

15 LEGALFORCE, which is also the mark of the Plaintiff;2 the combined form (3) LEGALFORCE

16 TRADEMARKIA, in which the Plaintiff combines in use its two registered marks into one unified
17 mark; and (4) LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM, wherein the Defendant’s name,
18
LEGALZOOM,3 is combined with the registered mark of the Plaintiff for use to advertise trademark
19
research and watch services over the internet. 4
20

21 1
Reg No. 3965290, Reg. Date May 24, 2011, Ser. No.851265556, Filing Date September 10, 2010; for advertising,
22 marketing and promotion services (35,42). Incontestable.
2
Reg No. 4227650, Reg. Date October 16, 2012, Ser. No.85483252, Filing Date November 30, 2011; for legal services,
namely, law firm services specializing in administrative, transactional, litigation, civil and legal document preparation
23
and research services for attorneys; providing general information in the field of legal services via a global computer
network (45).
24 3
e.g., Reg No. 2540549, Reg. Date February 19, 2002, Ser. No. 78028358, Filing Date September 29, 2011; for legal
services, namely, law services (42).
25 4
I identify putative trademarks and service marks, as well as abbreviated names of the Plaintiff and Defendant, by
placing them in normal-size capital letters. Forms placed in small capital letters indicate technical terms (at least for first
26 time that I use them); e.g., SPEAKER is a technical term that includes the linguistic abilities for speaking, writing,
understanding, and remembering both spoken and written language. These abilities are characteristic of all ordinary
27 persons who have native-level fluency in contemporary American English, of which the potential purchasers of the
products and services in question are necessarily a significant subset (insofar as English is the majority language in the
28 United States).
2
DECLARATION OF RONALD R. BUTTERS
CASE NO.: 3:17-cv-07194-MMC
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 7 of 128

1 10. The relevant linguistic features that contribute or inhibit speaker confusion are sound
2 (pronunciation and comprehension), appearance (both in spelling and in larger context of visual
3
presentation), denotative and connotative meaning, and sociolinguistic and pragmatic usage.
4
11. The trademark TRADEMARKIA does not appear in any dictionary,5 indicating that it
5
is a coined word, made up of the legal word trademark (noun, adjective, and verb) and the contrived
6

7 suffix -ia, which was originally used in English in words borrowed from Latin and Greek, and

8 particularly productive in such words as encyclopedia, “paraphernalia, regalia, saturnalia; hence

9 frequent in modern Latin names of classes, etc. in Zoology,


10
as Mammalia, Marsupialia, Reptilia, Amphibia.”6 The general sense of TRADEMARKIA, then,
11
suggests that an enterprise so named encompasses ‘all about things having to do with trademarks,
12
services marks, and commercial names’. Suffixes of Greek and Latin origin imply some degree of
13
scholarly and scientific praiseworthiness.
14

15 12. Pragmatically, TRADEMARKIA is known to the public owing entirely to its use as

16 indicators of the goods and services of the trademark owner. This is attested to by searching the 14
17 billion word i-web corpus assembled by the Corpus of Contemporary American English, which
18
returns 98 instances of trademarkia, all apparently related to the Plaintiff [Exhibit E].
19
13. LEGALFORCE is also a registered trademark composed of the adjective legal and
20
the noun force. In relation to an enterprise that deals in legal aspects of trademarks, the term suggests
21

22 a positive, powerful service in litigation and document production (and at least potentially, in legal

23 administration and enforcement). Together, the combined form LEGALFORCE TRADEMARKIA

24 generates and enhances the strengths of LEGALFORCE and TRADEMARKIA working separately.
25

26
5
See Oxford English Dictionary, “Quick search results for trademarkia: No dictionary entries found for ‘trademarkia’,”
27 6/4/18 [Exhibit B]; One-Look Dictionary Search: Sorry, no dictionaries indexed in the selected category contain the
word trademarkia,” 6/6/18 [Exhibit C].
28 6
See Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. –ia, suffix1 and ia, suffix2, 6/4/18 [Exhibit D].
3
DECLARATION OF RONALD R. BUTTERS
CASE NO.: 3:17-cv-07194-MMC
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 8 of 128

1 14. LEGALZOOM as the name associated with a business enterprise is semantically


2 somewhat less direct than the Plaintiff’s LEGALFORCE, but ZOOM is a positive word suggesting
3
swift action and focus (cf. zoom lens).7 By itself, LEGALZOOM does not convey the idea that it
4
names an enterprise that is particularly concerned with trademarks.
5
15. The Defendant’s term LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM creates significant and
6

7 forceful linguistic conditions conducive to the promotion of speaker confusion with the Plaintiff’s

8 marks as represented in the Plaintiff’s marks LEGALFORCE TRADEMARKIA. Except for the

9 presence of the generic “.COM” at the end of LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM, there is only


10
one small difference: the Defendant substitutes the word ZOOM for the Plaintiff’s word FORCE
11
buried in the middle of the otherwise identical phrase.
12
16. It is a well-known psycholinguistic fact that the beginnings and endings of words and
13
phrases are of paramount importance in distinguishing them one from another.8 For this reason
14

15 alone, the potential for linguistic confusion is great: speakers will note LEGAL at the beginning of

16 the marks and TRADEMARKIA at the end (distinguished only by the generic marker “.COM”) and
17 focus little or no attention on the one-syllable nouns zoom and force that are buried in between:
18
LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA
19
LEGALFORCETRADEMARKIA
20

21 17. Moreover, it is also the case that TRADEMARKIA, an unusual—coined—word, is


22 semantically far more robustly obtrusive than any of the other ordinary forms (legal, force, and even
23
7
See New Oxford American Dictionary, s.v. zoom [Exhibit F].
24 8
Anne Cutler, “Guest Editorial: The Reliability of Speech Error Data,” in Anne Cutler, ed., Slips of the Tongue and
Language Production (Mouton, 1982, p19): “[M]emory storage of words assigns greater weight to the two ends of the
25 words than to the middle, and probably particular weight to the initial positions.” [Exhibit G]. See also Jean Aitchison,
Words in the Mind: An Introduction to the Mental Lexicon (2nd edition, Blackwell, 1994), pp134–139 [Exhibit H]:
26 People remember the beginnings and endings of words better than the middles, as if
the word were a person lying in a bathtub, with their head out of the water at one end
27 and their feet out at the other. ... [M]emory for the ends of long words ... [is]
considerably better than for the ends of short words.
28
4
DECLARATION OF RONALD R. BUTTERS
CASE NO.: 3:17-cv-07194-MMC
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 9 of 128

1 zoom). The semantic prominence of TRADEMARKIA will thus further diminish any distinguishing
2 power of the zoom/force contrast. Speakers are well aware that competing providers of goods and
3
services often buy and sell each other, as well as licensing their trademarks for use with each other.
4
Speakers would easily be drawn to assuming that LEGALFORCETRADEMARKIA is merely
5
LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA’s version of TRADEMARKIA.
6

7 18. For the foregoing reasons, it is my expert opinion that reasonable persons in the

8 United States are highly likely to be linguistically confused as to source and origin of

9 LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA and LEGALFORCETRADEMARKIA.


10
19. I declare under the penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States that the
11
foregoing is true and correct.
12

13

14
Dated: June 7, 2018 Respectfully submitted,
15

16

17

18
______________
19 Ronald R. Butters
20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27
28
5
DECLARATION OF RONALD R. BUTTERS
CASE NO.: 3:17-cv-07194-MMC
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Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 11 of 128

CURRICULUM VITAE

Dr. Ronald R. Butters, Ph.D. •Phone: (919) 423-8866


Professor Emeritus, English and Cultural Anthropology, •Fax: (919) 287-2616
Duke University •e-mail: RonButters@mac.com
•Former chair, Duke Linguistics Program •web site: http://trademarklinguistics.com/
•Former chair, Duke Department of English mailing address:
11356 Phoenix Way
Naples, Florida 34119

April 5, 2018

Education
The University of Iowa, Iowa City, 1958–1962, degree: B.A. with Honors and Highest Distinction in English, June
1962. Phi Beta Kappa, 1961.
The University of Iowa, Iowa City, 1962–1967, degree: Ph.D. in English (with concentration in linguistics), August
1967.

Teaching and Administrative Experience


1967–1974, Assistant Professor of English, Duke University; 1974–90, Associate Professor of English, Duke
University; 1990–2007, Professor of English, Duke University; 2000–2007, Professor of Cultural
Anthropology, Duke University (secondary appointment). As of September 1, 2007, Professor Emeritus, Duke
University.
Summer 1986, Visiting Professor of English Linguistics, University of Bamberg, (West) Germany (Fulbright
award).
February 1989, Visiting Professor of English Linguistics, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech (Duke-in-Morocco
Program).
September 2005, Visiting Professor, International Summer School in Forensic Linguistic Analysis, Lodz, Poland
(“Linguistic and Semiotic Evidence in a Death Penalty Case” and “Linguist Issues in American Trademark
Law”).
September 2006, Visiting Professor, International Summer School in Forensic Linguistic Analysis,
Birmingham, England (“Linguist Issues in American Trademark Law: 2006” and “Linguistic and Semiotic
Evidence in American Death Penalty Cases”).
1975–80, 1986–88, 1997–99, Director of Undergraduate Studies in English; 1981–84, Supervisor of Freshman
Instruction in English; Spring 1992 and Fall 2000, Acting Chair, Department of English; 1992–95, Associate
Chair, Department of English; July 1999–December 1999 and July 2005–July 2006, Interim Chair, Department
of English.
1970–72, 1976–77, 1982–96, 1999–2003, 2005–2006, Chair, Duke University Linguistics Program.
1999–2007, Co-Director, North Carolina State University–Duke University Doctoral Program in English
Sociolinguistics.
2010, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain, May 10–12, 2010. [“Trademarks”: 9 hours of invited lectures.]
2011, Visiting Professor, International Summer School in Forensic Linguistic Analysis, Aston University,
Birmingham, England, July.
2012, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain, May 7–10, 2012. [“Trademarks”: 9 hours of invited lectures;
“Patents”: 4 hours of invited lectures]

Teaching Areas
The structure of modern English and present-day usage; the history of the English language; sociolinguistics,
including American dialects, languages in contact, and Caribbean linguistics; language and law, linguistics of
trademarks; discourse analysis, pragmatics, and semiotics; introduction to literature.
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 12 of 128
CURRICULUM VITAE of Ronald R. Butters, Ph.D., April 5, 2018

Editorial and Professional Experience


1969–76, Member of the Associate Editorial Board, Papers in Linguistics; 1979, editorial referee, American Speech;
1980–81, member of the Editorial Advisory Committee, American Speech; 1983–90, member of the Editorial
Advisory Board, Jewish Language Review; 1985–90, member of Editorial Board, Journal of Metaphor and
Symbolic Activity; 1981–95, editor, American Speech; 1996–2007, General Editor, American Dialect Society
Publications and Editor of Publication of the American Dialect Society (PADS, the monograph series); 2007–
10, co-editor, The International Journal of Speech, Language and the Law.
1999–, Editorial Advisory Board member, New Oxford American Dictionary.
2013–, Editorial Advisory Board member, International Journal for the Semiotics of Law/Revue Internationale De
Semiotique Juridique.
2014–, Scientific Advisory Board member, Catalyst Behavioral Sciences

Publications and Presentations


1. Articles and Chapters of Books (those marked * were also presented at the indicated scholarly gatherings)
*“Lexical Selection and Linguistic Deviance,” Papers in Linguistics 1.1 (1969), 170–81. [revision of paper read at
the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics meeting in Gainesville, FL, 1969]
“On the Interpretation of ‘Deviant Utterance’,” Journal of Linguistics 6.1 (Feb. 1970), 105–10.
“Dialect Variants and Linguistic Deviance,” Foundations of Language 7.2 (1971), 239–54.
*“On the Notion ‘Rule of Grammar’ in Dialectology,” Papers from the Seventh Regional Meeting, Chicago
Linguistic Society, Apr. 16–18, 1971 (Chicago: Chicago Linguistics Society), 307–15.
“A Linguistic View of Negro Intelligence,” The Clearing House 46.5 (1972), 259–63. Repr. in Current Readings in
Urban Education. Ed. by Richard R. Heidenreich (Arlington VA: College Readings, Inc., 1972), 223–27.
“Competence, Performance, and Variable Rules,” Language Sciences 20 (1972), 29–32.
“Results of Questionnaire [Concerning Variation Theory],” Lectological Newsletter no. 1 (1972), 1–11. [with Derek
Bickerton, Henrietta Cedergren, David Sankoff, Gillian Sankoff, Charles-James N.Bailey, &Ralph Fasold]
*“Acceptability Judgments for Double Modals in Southern Dialects,” New Ways of Analyzing Variation in English.
Ed. by Charles-James N. Bailey and Roger W. Shuy (Washington, DC: Georgetown Univ. Press, 1973), 276–
86. [papers from the First Annual NWAVE Conference]
*“Black English {-Z}: Some Theoretical Implications,” American Speech 48.1–2 (1973 [1975]), 37–45. [revision of
paper read at the Linguistic Society of America Winter Meeting in St. Louis, MO, 1971]
“The Basics in Grammar,” Arizona English Bulletin 18.2 (1976), 42–44.
“Variability in Indirect Questions,” American Speech 49.3–4 (1974 [1977]), 230–34.
“Why Teach Modern Grammar?” Questions English Teachers Ask. Ed. by R. Baird Shuman (Rochelle Park, NJ:
Hayden, 1977), 143–54.
“More on Indirect Questions,” American Speech 51.1–2 (1976 [1980]), 57–62.
“Narrative go ‘say’,” American Speech 55.4 (1980), 304–7.
*“Unstressed Vowels in Appalachian English,” American Speech 56.2 (1981), 104–10. [revision of paper (“Towards
a Unified Perspective on Final Unstressed Vowels in Appalachian English”) read at the South Atlantic Section,
American Dialect Society, 1978] Repr. in Dialect and Language Variation, ed. by Harold B. Allen and Michael
D. Linn (Orlando: Academic Press, 1986), 198–204.]
“Remedial English, Social Dialects, and the Academically ‘Elite’ University,” Duke Univ. Academic Skills Center
Working Papers, 1980.
“A Comment on Sociolinguistics and Teaching Black-Dialect Writers,” College English 43.6 (1981), 633–36.
*“Do ‘Conceptual Metaphors’ Really Exist?” The SECOL Bulletin 5.3 (1981), 108–17. [first read as a paper at the
Southeastern Conference on Linguistics meeting in Richmond, VA, 1981]
“Another Point of View,” Faculty Newsletter, Duke University 2.7 (Apr. 1981), 9.
“Dropping the /h/ from who,” American Speech 57.2 (1982), 43.
“More on duck butter,” American Speech 57.2 (1982), 107.
“Quotative like,” American Speech 57.2 (1982), 149.
“On Language,” The New York Times Magazine, 25 July 1982.
“Dialect at Work: Eudora Welty’s Artistic Purposes,” Mississippi Folklore Register 16.2 (1982), 33–40.
“Sunbelt English,” The New York Times Magazine, 21 Aug. 1983, 11–12.
“Syntactic Change in British English ‘Propredicates,’” Journal of English Linguistics 16 (1983), 1–7.
“Final Vowels in English,” The SECOL Review 7.2 (1983), 1–12.

2
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CURRICULUM VITAE of Ronald R. Butters, Ph.D., April 5, 2018

“-Ologies, -isms, and Dictionary Making,” The Guide (Sept. 1983), 26–27. Repr. in the Los Angeles Herald-
Examiner, 12 Sept. 1983.
“Talkin’ Like a Native,” The Guide (Nov. 1983), 21.
“Three Traps that Prevent One From Thinking Straight,” How to Think Straight Series, Office of the President,
Duke Univ., Jan. 1984.
*“When is English ‘Black English Vernacular’?” Journal of English Linguistics 17 (1984), 29–36. [first read as a
paper at the Tenth Annual NWAVE Conference, Philadelphia, 1981]
“-Ologies and -ologists,” American Speech 59.3 (1984), 266–67. [Stewart Campbell Aycock, 2nd author]
“Understanding the Patient: Medical Words the Doctor May Not Know,” North Carolina Medical Journal (July
1985), 415–17. [Jeremy Sugarman, first author]
“Old Curiosity Shop,” American Speech 60.3 (1985), 249. [on There you go! as an affirmative interjection]
“More on Irony Versus Sarcasm,” The Metaphor Research Newsletter, 4.2 (1985), 4–7.
*“Existential and Causative have . . . to,” American Speech 61.2 (1986), 184–90. [Kristin Stettler, 2nd author] [first
read as a paper at the 14th Annual NWAVE Conference, Georgetown Univ., 1985]
“More Medical Words the Doctor May Not Know,” North Carolina Medical Journal (Dec. 1985), 384. [Jeremy
Sugarman, first author]
*“The English of Blacks in Wilmington, N.C.,” Language Variation in the South: Perspectives in Black and White.
Ed. by Michael Montgomery and Guy M. Bailey (Univ. of Alabama Press, 1986), 255–64. [Ruth M. Nix, 2nd
author; read in Columbia, SC, 1981; invited conference paper]
“Levels of Usage,” chapter 11b of The Heath Handbook, 11th edition (1986), 118–23. [Revision of 10th edition,
chapter 8d]
“Query: Sorry ‘excuse me’,” American Speech 61.1 (1986), 60.
“Hubba-hubba: Its Rise and Fall,” American Speech 61.4 (1986), 363–65. [Phyllis Randall, first author]
“Thomas Wolfe’s ‘Esymplastic’ Power,” American Speech 62.1, (1987), 83–84.
“For the Nonce,” American Speech 62.2 (1987), 176–77. [Cynthia Y. Krueger, first author]
“Old Curiosity Shop,” American Speech 60.2 (1987), 184. [on wake ‘hold a wake for’ as transitive verb]
“Media Watch: Subreption of Pronouns,” American Speech 62.2 (1987), 190–91.
“More on Singular y’all, ” American Speech 62.2 (1987), 191–92. [Stewart Campbell Aycock, 2d author]
“Query: Crash space,” American Speech 62.3 (1987), 241.
*“Verbal -s as Past-Time Indication in Various Narratives,” Papers from the Seventh Annual Spring Linguistic
Colloquium, Linguistic Circle of the Univ. of North Carolina, 21 Mar. 1987 (Chapel Hill: UNC Curriculum in
Linguistics), 9–18.
“American Instances of Propredicate do, ” Journal ofEnglish Linguistics 20 (1987), 212–16. [Kazuo Kato, firstauthor]
*“Linguistic Convergence in a North Carolina Community,” Variation in Language: NWAV-XV at Stanford—
Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference on New Ways of Analyzing Variation. Ed. by Keith M.
Denning et al. (Stanford: Department of Linguistics, Stanford Univ., 1987), 52–60.
“The Problem of Special-Admission Undergraduates,” The Academic’s Handbook. Ed. by A. Leigh DeNeef,
Craufurd D. Goodwin, and Ellen Stern McCrate (Duke Univ. Press, 1988), 166–71. Repr. in The Academic’s
Handbook, 2nd ed. Ed. by A. Leigh DeNeef and Craufurd D. Goodwin. (Duke Univ. Press, 1995), 211–15.
[Christopher Kennedy, 2nd author]
“Lesson: Writing and Thinking about Point of View,” Collective Wisdom: A Sourcebook of Lessons for Writing
Teachers. Ed. by Sondra J. Stang and Robert Wittenberg (Random House, 1988), 348–49.
*“The Historical Present as Evidence of Black/White Convergence/Divergence,” Proceedings of the Sixth
International Conference on Methods in Dialectology, Bangor, Wales, 1987. Ed. by Alan R. Thomas
(Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters, 1988), 637–49.
“Foreword,” Displacing Homophobia. Ed. by Ron Butters, John Clum, and Michael Moon. South Atlantic Quarterly
88 (Winter 1989): 1–5.
“Cisatlantic have done,” American Speech 64 (1989): 96.
“Are permafrost and vernalization Loan Translations from Russian?,” American Speech 64 (1989), 287–88. [Viktor
V. Kabakchi, first author]
“Proactive: A New Meaning?” American Speech 65 (1990): 274.
“Highlighter: A Legally Generic Name?” American Speech 65 (1990): 340.
*“Multiple Modals in United States Black English: Synchronic and Diachronic Aspects,” Verb Phrase Patterns in
Black English and Creole. Ed. by Walter F. Edwards and Donald Winford (Detroit: Wayne State Univ. Press,
1991), 165–76. [revision of a paper read at the 16th Annual NWAVE Conference, Austin, TX, 1987]
“More on short end of the stick,” American Speech 66 (1991): 336.

3
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CURRICULUM VITAE of Ronald R. Butters, Ph.D., April 5, 2018

“Whose Language Is It, Anyway? It Belongs to Thee,” The Winter’s Tale: An Interstate Adventure (New York:
Cornerstone Theater Co., 1991), 5.
*“Current Issues in Variation Theory,” Verhandlungen des Internationalen Dialektologenkongresses Bamberg 1990,
Proceedings of the First International Congress of Dialectologists/Seventh International Conference on Methods
in Dialectology, Bamberg, Germany 29 July–4 Aug. 1990. Ed. by Wolfgang Viereck. (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner
Verlag, 1993), 3–36. [invited plenary lecture. 31 July]
*“If the Wages of Sin Are for Death: The Semantics and Pragmatics of a Statutory Ambiguity,” American Speech 68
(1993): 83–94. [Revision of a paper read at the meeting of the Law and Society Association (session on
Linguists in the Judicial Process), Philadelphia, May 1992.]
“Free Speech and Academic Freedom,” The Academic’s Handbook, 2nd ed. Ed. by A. Leigh DeNeef and Craufurd
D. Goodwin. (Durham, NC: Duke Univ. Press, 1995), 81–90.
“Historical and Contemporary Distribution of Double Modals in English,” FOCUS ON: The United States. Varieties
of English Around the World (Manfred Görlach, General Editor), vol. 16. Ed. by Edgar Schneider (Amsterdam:
Benjamins, 1996), 265–88. [Barbara Fennell, first author]
*“The Divergence Controversy Revisited,” National Language Institutes Around the World—Diversity in Language
Issues. Proceedings of the First International Symposium, The National Language Research Institute of Japan,
20–21 Jan. 1994 [invited paper]. (Tokyo: The National Language Research Institute, 1996), 118–34.
*“Auntie(-man)/tanti in the Caribbean and North America,” Language Variety in the South Revisited. Ed. by
Cynthia Bernstein et al. (Tuscaloosa: Univ. of Alabama Press, 1997), 261–65. [Revision of a paper read at the
Conference on Language and Variation in the South, Auburn University, Apr. 1993; invited paper].
*“Dialectology and Sociolinguistic Theory,” Issues and Methods in Dialectology. Selected Papers from the Ninth
International Conference on Methods in Dialectology, Bangor, Wales, 31 July 1996. Edited by Alan Thomas.
(Bangor, Wales: Department of Linguistics, University of Wales Bangor, 1997), 1–13. [invited plenary lecture]
*“What Did Cary Grant Know About ‘Going Gay’ and When Did He Know it?: On the Development of the Popular
Term gay ‘Homosexual’,” Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North America 19 (1998), 188–
204. [revision of a paper read at The Dictionary Society of North America, Cleveland, Ohio, 22 July 1995; and
at The Third Lavender Languages and Linguistics Conference, American University, Washington, DC, 15–17
Sept. 1995; and as an invited lecture, Dept. of Linguistics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, 28 Sept. 1995].
“Two Notes: The Origin of jaywalking; The Pronunciation of Foreign Loanwords in English,” Comments on
Etymology, October 1999, 20–21.
“ ‘What Is About to Take Place Is a Murder’: Construing the Racist Subtext in a Small-Town Virginia Courtroom,”
Language in Action: New Studies of Language and Society. Essays in Honor of Roger Shuy. Ed. by Peg Griffin,
Joy Peyton, Walt Wolfram, and Ralph Fasold (Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press, 2000), 373–99.
*“Semantic and Pragmatic Variability in Medical Research Terms: Implications for Obtaining Meaningful Informed
Consent,” American Speech 75 (2000): 149–68. [Jeremy Sugarman and Lyla Kaplan, 2d and 3d authors]
“Washington Listens to Linguists,” Newsletter of the American Dialect Society 32.2 (May 2000), 4. [Kirk Hazen,
1st author]
“The ‘Real’ Meaning of millennium, ” American Speech 75 (Summer 2000): 111–12.
*“Conversational Anomalies in Eliciting Danger-of-Death Narratives," Southern Journal of Linguistics 24.1
(2000): 69–81. [ Revision of a paper read at the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics LXII, Spring Meeting,
Oxford Mississippi, 4–6 April 2000.]
“The Internationalization of American English: Two Challenges,” American Speech 75 (Fall 2000): 283–5.
*“Chance as Cause of Language Variation and Change,” Journal of English Linguistics 29 (Sept. 2000), 201–13.
[Revision of a paper read at the Tenth International Conference on Methods in Dialectology, St John’s
Newfoundland, August 1999.]
*”Literary Qualities in Sociolinguistic Narratives of Personal Experience,” American Speech 76 (Fall 2001), 227–
35. [American Dialect Society Presidential Address, January 2001.
“Data Concerning Putative Singular y’all,” American Speech 76 (Fall 2001), 335–36.
*“ ‘We didn't realize that lite beer was supposed to suck!’: The Putative Vulgarity of X sucks in American English,”
Dictionaries: Journal of the Dictionary Society of North America 22 (2001): 130–44. [Revision of a paper read
at the meeting of the American Dialect Society, January 6, 2000.]
“Grammar,” History of American English, Cambridge History of the English Language, vol. 6. Ed. by John Algeo
(Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2001), 325–39.
“Preface,” Handbook of Perceptual Dialectology, Volume II, ed. by Dennis Preston and Daniel Long.
(Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2002), xv–xvi.

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*“Linguistic Change in Words One Owns: How Trademarks Become ‘Generic’,” Studies in the History of the
English Language II, ed. by Anne Curzan and Kim Emmons. Topics in English Linguistics. (Berlin/New York:
Mouton de Gruyter, 2004), 111–23. [Jennifer Westerhaus, second author] [Revision of a paper read at the 2nd
Conference on the History of the English Language, University of Washington, Seattle, 23 March 2002].
*“How Not to Strike it Rich: Semantics, Pragmatics, and Semiotics of a Massachusetts lottery ticket,” Applied
Linguistics 25.4 (2004), 466–90. Reprinted (abridged) in Language in Use: A Reader, ed. Patrick Griffiths,
Andrew John Merrison, and Aileen Bloomer (Routledge, 2010), 47–58. [Revision of a paper read at the
Southeastern Conference on Linguistics, Memphis, Tennessee, 19 April 2002]
“Focusing and Diffusion / Konzentration und Diffusion,” chapter 31 in Sociolinguistics/Soziolinguistik • An
International Handbook of the Science of Language and Society / Ein internationales Handbuch zur
Wissenschaft von Sprache und Gesellschaft, 2nd compl. rev. and extend.; ed. by Ulrich Ammon, Norbert
Dittmar, Klaus J. Mattheier, and Peter Trudgill (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2005), 283–88.
“Sociolinguistic Variation and the Law,” chapter 12 in Sociolinguistic Variation: Theories, Methods and
Applications, ed. by Robert Bayley and Ceil Lucas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, 318–37).
*“Changing Linguistic Issues in U.S. Trademark Litigation,” in Proceedings of the Second European IAFFL
Conference on Forensic Linguistics/Language and the Law, ed. by M. Teresa Turell, Jordi Cicres, and Maria
Spassova (Barcelona: Publicacions de l'IULA, No. 19, 2007), 29–42.
*“A Linguistic Look at Trademark Dilution,” Santa Clara Computer & High Technology Law Journal (vol. 24, no.
3, 2008), 101–13. [Revision of an invited presentation at the Conference on Trademark Dilution: Theoretical
and Empirical Inquiries, High Tech Law Institute, Santa Clara University School of Law, Santa Clara,
California, October 5, 2007]
“Trademarks and Other Proprietary Terms,” chapter 16 in Dimensions of Forensic Linguistics, ed. by John Gibbons
and M. Teresa Turrell (Benjamins, 2008), 231–47.
“The Expert as Dictionary in American Trademark Litigation: the Putative Genericness of Opry,” Southern Journal
of Linguistics 13.2 (2009): 13–29. [Jackson S. Nichols, second author].
*“The Forensic Linguist’s Professional Credentials,” Symposium on Ethical Issues in Forensic Linguistic
Consulting, International Journal of Speech, Language, and the Law (2009), 16.2: 237–52. [Revision of a
presentation at the annual meeting of the Linguistic Society of America, Organized Session on “Ethical Issues
in Forensic Linguistic Consulting,” San Francisco, California, January 2009.]
“Trademarks: Language that One Owns,” in The Routledge Handbook of Forensic Linguistics, ed. by Malcolm
Coulthard and Alison Johnson (Routledge, 2010): 351–64.
“In the Profession: Forensic Linguistics,” Journal of English Linguistics 39 (2011): 196–202.
“Imaginative Leaps in Trademark Law,” in Proceedings of The International Association of Forensic Linguists’
Tenth Biennial Conference, Aston University, Birmingham, UK, July 2011, ed by Samuel Tomblin, Nicci
MacLeod, Rui Sousa-Silva, and Malcolm Coulthard (Birmingham, UK: Centre for Forensic Linguistics, Aston
University, 2012): 283–89. <http://www.forensiclinguistics.net/iafl-10-proceedings.pdf>.
“Ethics, Best Practices, and Standards,” in Proceedings of The International Association of Forensic Linguists’
Tenth Biennial Conference, Aston University, Birmingham, UK, July 2011, ed by Samuel Tomblin, Nicci
MacLeod, Rui Sousa-Silva, and Malcolm Coulthard (Birmingham, UK: Centre for Forensic Linguistics, Aston
University, 2012): 351–61. < http://www.forensiclinguistics.net/IAFL10proceedings.pdf>. [invited plenary
lecture: Retiring President’s Closing Address]
“Linguistic Issues in Copyright Law,” in The Oxford Handbook of Language and Law, ed. by Lawrence Solan and
Peter Tiersma (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012): 463–77.
*“Semiotic Interpretation in Trademark Law: The Empirical Study of Commercial Meanings in American English
of {} ‘Checkered Pattern’,” in Law, Culture, and Visual Studies, ed. by Anne
Wagner, and Richard K. Sherwin (Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, and New York: Springer: 2013), 261–82.
[Revision of a presentation at the annual meeting of the American Name Society, Boston, MA, January 2004;
session on commercial names, R. Butters, chair]
“Forensic Linguistics: Linguistic Analysis of Disputed Meanings: Trademarks,” in The Encyclopedia of Applied
Linguistics, ed. by Carol A. Chapelle (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; Wiley Online Library), 2012.
<http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/ doi/10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0114/full>.
“Internet Traps and the Creation of Linguistic Crimes: Perverted Justice as Broadcast Entertainment,” in Ens queda
la paraula. Estudis de linguüstica aplicada en honor a M.Teresa Turell, ed. by Raquel Casesnoves, Montserrat
Forcadell, and Núria Gavaldà. (Barcelona: Publicacions de l'IULA, 2014), 223–40. [Phillip Carter, second
author, Tyler Kendall, third author].

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“Using Lexicographical Methodology in Trademark Litigation: Analyzing Similatives,” Dictionaries: The Journal
of the Dictionary Society of North America, 36 (2015): 115–30.
“Issues in Forensic Linguistic Data Collection,” Data Collection in Sociolinguistics: Methods and Applications,
Second Edition. Ed. by Christine Mallinson, Becky Childs, and Gerard Van Herk (New York: Routledge, 2018:
186–188.

2. Books and Monographs


The Death of Black English: Divergence and Convergence in White and Black Vernaculars. Bamberger Beiträge zur
Englischen Sprachwissenschaft, 25. Frankfurt am Main / Bern / New York: Peter Lang, 1989.
Displacing Homophobia: Gay Male Perspectives in Literature and Culture. Ed. by Ronald R. Butters, John M.
Clum, and Michael Moon. Durham and London: Duke Univ. Press, 1989. [reprinting, with modifications, of
SAQ 88.1 (1989); this book won the 1989 Conference of Editors of Learned Journals Best Special Issue award]
Dynamics of a Sociolinguistic System: English Plural Formation in Augusta, Georgia, by the late Michael Miller.
Ed. By Ronald R. Butters, William A. Kretzschmar, Jr., and Claiborne Rice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Publications, 1999. [Special issue of the Journal of English Linguistics ]

3. Textbooks
Composition Guide, Duke University, Sept. 1983. 15 pp. 2d ed. Aug. 1984; 3d ed. Aug. 1985; 4th ed. 1986 (with
George D. Gopen), 29 pp.; appeared as Guidelines for Composition (with George D. Gopen), 1987–94, 32 pp.
[first appeared as “Stylesheet for Writing,” Sept. 1982, 8 pp.]

4. Reviews and Review Articles


Richard J. O’Brien, ed., Report of the Twenty-Second Annual Round Table Meeting on Linguistics and Language
Studies, Georgetown Univ. Press, 1971; American Speech 41 (1969 [1973]), 287–92.
William Orr Dingwall, ed., A Survey of Linguistic Science, Univ. of Maryland Linguistics Program, 1971; and
Linguistics in the 1970’s, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1971; American Speech 45 (1973), 122–29.
Charles-James Bailey, Variation and Linguistic Theory, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1973; Language Sciences,
April 1976, 32–35.
Walt Wolfram and Donna Christian, Appalachian Speech, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1978; Language 55
(1979), 460–63.
Paul Ricoeur, The Rule of Metaphor, tr. by Robert Czerny, Univ. of Toronto Press, 1977; and Samuel R. Levin, The
Semantics of Metaphor, Johns Hopkins Press, 1977; Journal of Linguistics, September 1980, 263–69.
Arthur Hughes and Peter Trudgill, English Accents and Dialects, University Park Press, 1979; American Speech 56 (1981),
234–36.
Crawford Feagin, Variation and Change in Alabama English, Georgetown Univ. Press, 1979; Language 57 (1981),
735–38.
“Review Essay: Current Trends in Variation Theory,” Language Problems and Language Planning, Fall 1985, 215–
27.
Cleanth Brooks, The Language of the American South, Univ. of Georgia Press, 1985; South Atlantic Review, Nov.
1986, 183–85.
W. J. Pepicello and Thomas A. Green, The Language of Riddles: New Perspectives, Ohio State Univ. Press, 1984;
International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 65 (1987), 112–15.
Viv Edwards, Language in a Black Community, Multilingual Matters, 1986; Language Problems and Language
Planning, 11 (1987), 220–24.
Mark Newbrook, Sociolinguistic Reflexes of Dialect Interference in West Wirral, Lang, 1986; English World-Wide,
8 (1987), 304–7.
Dennis Preston, Perceptual Dialectology, Foris, 1989; Language in Society 20 (1991), 294–99.
Henry Lewis Gates, Jr., The Signifying Monkey, 1988; The SECOL Review 16 (1992), 204–7.
Max Travers and John F. Manzo, eds., Law in Action: Ethnomethodological and Conversation Analytic Approaches
to Law ( Socio-Legal Studies Series), Aldershot, Hants, England & Brookfield, Vermont, USA:
Dartmouth/Ashgate, 1997; Forensic Linguistics: The International Journal of Speech, Language, and the Law
7 (2000), 262–66.

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Joshua A. Fishman, ed., Handbook of Language and Ethnic Identity, New York & Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press,
1999; Language 76 (2000), 921–23.
Edward Finegan and John R. Rickford, eds. Language in the USA: Themes for the Twenty-first Century, Cambridge
University Press, 2005; Language 83.4 (2007), 883–86.
Roger W. Shuy, Linguistics in the Courtroom: A Practical Guide, Oxford University Press, 2006; Language in
Society 37.2 (April 2008), 300–4.
Chris Hutton, Language, Meaning and the Law. Edinburgh University Press. 2009. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 15.4
(September 2011): 532–547.
Christine Mallinson, Becky Childs, and Gerard Van Herk, eds., Data Collection in Linguistics: Methods and
Applications, Routledge, 2013. American Speech 90.1 (February 2015): 106–117.
Roger W. Shuy, The Language of Bribery Cases, Oxford University Press, 2013. International Journal of Speech,
Language, and Law 22.1 (2015): 125–130.

5. Brief Reviews
Maurice Leroy, Main Trends in Modern Linguistics, Univ. of California Press, 1967; South Atlantic Quarterly, Summer 1968,
569–70.
John Lyons, Noam Chomsky, The Viking Press, 1970; Richmond Times-Dispatch, July 11, 1971.
Leonard R. Palmer, Descriptive and Comparative Linguistics: A Critical Introduction, Crane, Russak and Company, 1971;
Choice, July–Aug. 1973, 654.
Paul R. Turner, ed., Bilingualism in the Southwest, Univ. of Arizona Press, 1973; Choice, Nov. 1973, 1434.
Martyn F. Wakelin, English Dialects, Humanities Press, 1972; Choice, Feb. 1974, 1862.
Bruce L. Liles, An Introduction to Linguistics, Prentice-Hall, 1975; Choice, Oct. 1975, 994.
Gordon Winant Hewes, Language Origins: A Bibliography, Mouton, 1975; Choice, Apr. 1976, 204.
Joey Lee Dillard, American Talk: Where Our Words Came From, Random House, 1976; Choice, May 1977, 364.
Ronald Wardhaugh and H. Douglas Brown, eds., A Survey of Applied Linguistics, Univ. of Michigan Press, 1978; Choice, June
1977, 527.
Carroll E. Reed, Dialects of American English, 2nd ed., Univ. of Massachusetts Press, 1977; Choice, Dec. 1977, 1354.
Paul D. Brandes and Jeutonne Brewer, Dialect Clash in English: Issues and Answers, The Scarecrow Press, 1977; Choice, Dec.
1977, 1354.
James C. Raymond and I. Willis Russell, eds., James B. McMillan, Essays in Linguistics by his Friends, Univ. of Alabama Press,
1978; Choice, July/Aug. 1978, 684.
Eva M. Burkett, American English Dialects in Literature, The Scarecrow Press, 1978; Choice, Mar. 1979, 53.
James D. McCawley, Adverbs, Vowels, and Other Objects of Wonder, Univ. of Chicago Press, 1979; Choice, Jan. 1980, 138.
Andrew Ortony, ed., Metaphor and Thought, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1979; Choice, Apr. 1980, 96.
Thomas Pyles, Selected Essays on English Usage, ed. by John Algeo, Univ. of Florida Press, 1970; South Atlantic Quarterly,
Autumn 1980, 460–1.
Raven I. McDavid, Jr., Dialects in Culture, ed. by William A. Kretzschmar, Jr., et al., Univ. of Alabama Press, 1970; South
Atlantic Quarterly, Winter 1981, 113–15.
Albert Valdman and Arnold Highfield, eds., Theoretical Orientations in Creole Studies, Academic Press, 1980; Choice, Sept.
1981, 159.
George Lakoff and Mark Johnson, Metaphors We Live By, Univ. of Chicago Press, 1980; South Atlantic Quarterly, Winter 1982,
128–29.
Richard A. Spears, Slang and Euphemism: A Dictionary, Jonathan David Publisher, 1981; Choice, May 1982, 55–56.
Hugh Rawson, A Dictionary of Euphemisms and Other Doubletalk, Crown Publishers, 1981; American Speech (58) 1983, 60.
Jim Quinn, American Tongue and Cheek: A Populist Guide to Our Language, Pantheon, 1981; American Speech (58) 1983, 60.
Donald Koster, ed., American Literature and Language: A Guide to Information Sources, Gale Research Co., 1982; American
Speech (58) 1983, 188.
Robert Fiengo, Surface Structure: The Interface of Autonomous Components, Harvard Univ. Press, 1980; American Speech (58)
1983, 188.
Wm. E. Kruck, Looking for Dr. Condom, Publication of the American Dialect Society, no. 66; South Atlantic Quarterly, Summer
1983, 348.
Derek Bickerton, Roots of Language, Karoma Press, 1981; South Atlantic Quarterly, Autumn 1983, 456–58.
Walter M. Brasch, Black English and the Mass Media, Univ. of Massachusetts Press, 1981; South Atlantic Quarterly, Winter
1983, 106–7.
Dennis Baron, Grammar and Good Taste, Yale Univ. Press, 1982; South Atlantic Quarterly, Autumn 1984, 471–72.
Wolfgang Viereck, Edgar W. Schneider, and Manfred Görlach, A Bibliography of Writings on Varieties of English, John
Benjamins, 1984; American Speech (60) Spring 1985, 88.
Raymond Chapman, The Treatment of Sounds in Language and Literature, Blackwell, 1984; South Atlantic Quarterly, Spring
1986, 208–9.

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Laurence Urdang, et al., -Ologies and -Isms, 3rd. ed., Gale Research, 1986; American Speech 61 (1986), 280.
Wayne Dynes, Homolexis, Gay Academic Union, 1985; American Speech (63) 1988, 175–76.
Barbara Leeds, Fairy Tale Rap: “Jack and the Bean Stalk” and Other Stories, 1990; American Speech 66 (1991), 104.
Judith N. Levi and Anne Graffam Walker, eds., Language in the Judicial Process, 1990; and Roger W. Shuy, Language Crimes:
The Use and Abuse of Language Evidence in the Courtroom, 1993; American Speech 68 (1993), 109–12.
Joseph E. Holloway and Winifred K. Vass, The African Heritage of American English, 1993; Anthropological Linguistics 36
(1994), 274.
Traute Ewers, The Origin of American Black English: Be- forms in the HOODOO Texts (1996); Language 74 (1998), 384.
James Milroy and Leslie Milroy, Authority in Language: Investigating Standard English. Third edition, 1999. American
Literature 72 (2000), 668–69.

6. Conference Papers and Invited Lectures (unpublished only; published conference papers are listed in [1] above)
“Concerning Linguistic Studies of Literary Style,” North Carolina State Univ. Graduate English Society, 26 Feb.,
1971 [invited lecture].
“On the Nature of Linguistic Data,” Univ. of North Carolina Linguistics Circle, 14 Oct. 1971 [invited].
“The Psychological Reality of Sociolinguistic Models,” Georgetown Univ. Sociolinguistics Seminar, 6 Dec. 1972
[invited].
“What is ‘Data’ in the Expanding Domain of Linguistics?” Conference on “The Expanding Domain of Linguistics,”
Univ. of Texas at Austin, 26–27 Mar. 1973 [invited].
“Have (to),” Linguistic Society of America Summer Meeting, Ann Arbor, Michigan, July 1973.
“Linguistic Variation in Wilmington, N.C.,” Southern Anthropological Society, Blacksburg, Virginia, Apr. 1974.
“Getting a Linguistics Program Started?” South Atlantic Modern Language Association, Dec. 1974 [invited].
“A Linguistic View of the Basics in English,” Symposium on “What’s Behind the Basics,” Univ. of North Carolina
at Greensboro, 1976 [invited].
“What’s Worth Teaching in the Language Arts,” North Carolina State Department of Human Resources, Division of
Youth Services, First Annual Teachers Conference, Raleigh, NC, 1977 [invited].
“ARGUMENT IS WAR: Lakoff and Johnson on Metaphors We Live By Once in a While,” Department of English,
Univ. of Tennessee at Knoxville, 25 Nov. 1980 [invited].
“How to Read What Your are Trying to Write,” Duke Univ. East/West Conference, 25 Sept. 1980 [invited].
“Can White Folks Speak Black English?” Virginia Commonwealth Univ. Linguistics Circle, Richmond, 4 Dec.
1981 [invited].
“Dialect Interference in the Writing Process,” State of North Carolina Department of Public Instruction
Reading/Writing Institute, Wake Forest Univ., 22 June 1982 [invited].
“Benjamin Franklin, Orthoepist,” Philological Association of the Carolinas, Chapel Hill, NC, 2 Mar. 1984.
“Problems of Scholarly Publishing in the Field of Dialectology,” Midwestern Modern Language Association, 1 Nov.
1984 [panel discussion; invited].
“Language and Law: Applied Linguistics,” Southeastern Conference on Linguistics, Univ. of South Carolina,
Columbia, 1985.
“The Linguist as Expert Witness,” Conference on Language in the Judicial Process, Georgetown Univ., 27 July
1985 [interest group leader; invited].
“Come Here Till I Punch You on the Nose,” American Dialect Society, Chicago, 1985. [Beth Day, 2d author]
“From Tape and Questionnaire: Labovian and Post-Labovian Methodologies,” Philological Association of the
Carolinas, Charleston, SC, 1986.
“Linguistic Convergence in a Southern Community,” Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 18 Mar. 1986
[invited].
“Sociolinguistic Convergence and Divergence,” Universität Bamberg, 28 May 1986 [invited].
“Sociolinguistic Convergence in the American South,” Universität Freiburg, 2 June 1986 [invited]; Universität
Stuttgart, 19 June 1986 [invited]; Universität Bamberg, 18 June 1986 [invited]; Technical Univ. of Aachen, 7
July 1986 [invited].
“The Death of Black English?” Univ. of Georgia, Athens, 29 May 1987 [invited].
“The Double Modal in U.S. Black English,” Sixteenth Annual NWAVE Conference, Univ. of Texas, Austin, 1987.
“The Death of Black English,” South Atlantic Modern Language Association, Atlanta, 1987.
“The Future of Black English: The Status of the Convergence/Divergence Controversy,” Department of Linguistics,
Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, 1988 [invited].
“Current Issues in Convergence and Divergence,” Texas A&M Univ., 1988 [invited].

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“Linguistic Profit,” Southeastern Conference on Linguistics, Norfolk, VA, 1989.


“The Death Penalty Verdict: Language, Race, and Bigotry in a Rural Southern Courtroom,” Eighteenth Annual
NWAV Conference, Duke Univ., 1989.
“Incorporating Dialect Diversity into the English Classroom,” NCTE, Baltimore, 1989. [discussant]
“Oldest Living Confederate Widow Tells More Than She Knows: Dialect, Fiction, and Capital Crimes,”
Philological Association of the Carolinas, Myrtle Beach, SC, 1990 [invited plenary lecture].
“Linguistic Dimensions of the Death Penalty in the American South,” Law and Society Association (session on
Legal Applications of Scholarly Knowledge: Linguists as Expert Witnesses), Oakland, CA, 1990 [invited].
“Issues in Language and Law,” Institut für Englische Philologie, Freie Universität Berlin, 19 July 1990 [invited].
“‘What is About to Take Place Is a Murder’: Construing the Racist Subtext in a Small-Town Virginia Courtroom,”
North Carolina State Univ. Linguistics Forum, Raleigh, North Carolina, 1 Feb. 1991.
“The Slang Meanings of suck in American English: What a Trial Judge and Jury Might Need to Know,” Thirteenth
Annual Spring Linguistic Colloquium, Linguistic Circle of the Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, March
1993.
“Appropriating the Exotic Identity: Sociolinguistic Perspectives on the Moroccan-American Triple Bind,”
Conference on “Croisement des Cultures: Monde Arabe–USA,” Cadi Ayyad Univ., Marrakech, Morocco, 16
Apr. 1993 [invited].
“This Case Sucks!: Free-Speech Issues in Anti-Drug Propaganda and Public High Schools,” Law and Society
Association (session on Linguists in the Judicial Process), Chicago, May 1993.
“The Imitation of Dialect for Illegal Purposes: An Empirical Study,” Twenty-Second Annual Conference on New
Ways of Analyzing Variation in English and Other Languages, Oct. 1993 [Thomas Espy, and Kent Altsuler,
2nd authors].
“The Imitation of Dialect for Illegal Purposes: An Empirical Study,” Triangle Linguistics Club, Research Park, NC,
Oct. 1993 [invited paper; Thomas Espy, and Kent Altsuler, 2nd authors].
“The Imitation of Dialect for Illegal Purposes,” Law and Society Association (session on Linguists in the Judicial
Process), Phoenix, AZ, June 1994.
“How Private is Your Toilet? Anatomy of a Harmful-Speech Debate,” Fourth Annual Lavender Languages and
Linguistics Conference, The American Univ., Washington, DC, 27 Sept. 1996 [Jason D. Hall, 2d author].
“Why Dictionaries Can't Deal Adequately with redskins, “Dictionary Society of North America, Madison, WI, May
1997.
“What Patients Really Know about the Terms Used in Obtaining Informed Consent: False Comfort, Unreasonable
Fear, and 'Medical Research',” Third Biennial Conference, International Association of Forensic Linguists,
Duke Univ., Durham, NC, 5 Sept. 1997 [Jeremy Sugarman, 2d author, and Lyla Kaplan, 3d author].
“Variation and Terms for ‘Medical Research’: Unreasonable Fear Versus Informed Consent,” American Dialect
Society Annual Meeting, New York City, 10 Jan. 1998. [Lyla Kaplan, 2d author, and Jeremy Sugarman, 3d
author]
“Legal and Ethical Considerations in Informed Consent Discussions: Lexical Choice for Terms Relating to ‘Medical
Research’,” Law and Society Association, Aspen, Colorado, June 1998. [Lyla Kaplan, 2d author, and Jeremy
Sugarman, 3d author]
"Virtuous Prescriptivism," American Dialect Society Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, 9 January 1999.
"Language and Law: Three Case Studies in Forensic Linguistics," Department of Linguistics, Univ. of Georgia, 23
April 1999. [invited lecture]
“Pushing the Envelope : Talking Fancy Across Gender and Region,” 28th Annual Conference on New Ways of
Analyzing Variation in English and Other Languages, Toronto, October 1999. [Boyd Davis, first author]
“ ‘We didn't realize that lite beer was supposed to suck!’: The Putative Amelioration of X sucks! in American
English,” American Dialect Society, January 6, 2000.
“Variation in Interpretation: Ideological Responses to a “Harmful” Flier—Part II: Public Responses,” 29th Annual
NWAVE Conference, Michigan State Univ., October 2000.
“Emma Gets her Driving License: Life Imitating Art in Oral Narratives,” South Atlantic Modern Language
Association, Birmingham, Alabama, 12 November 2000.
“Literary Qualities in Sociolinguistic Narratives of Personal Experience,” American Dialect Society Presidential
Address, January 2001.
“Linguistics Across the Curriculum,” Southeastern Conference on Linguistics,” Knoxville, Tennessee, 6 April 2001
(invited panel member).
“The Role of Linguistics in Regional Humanities Centers,” Southeastern Conference on Linguistics,” Knoxville,
Tennessee, 6 April 2001 (invited panel member).

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“Genericness in Lexicography, General Linguistics, and American Trademark Law,” Fifth Biennial Conference,
International Association of Forensic Linguists, University of Malta, July 2001.
“Electronic Searches as Sources of Data for Social Variation in the Lexicon,” 3rd UK Language Variation and
Change Conference, University of York, July 19–22, 2001.
“Current Sociolinguistic Issues in African American Vernacular English,” International Association of University
Professors of English, Jubilee Conference, University of Bamberg, Germany, July 29- August 4, 2001 (invited
paper).
“Genericness in Lexicography, General Linguistics, and American Trademark Law,” 30th Annual Conference on
New Ways of Analyzing Variation in English and Other Languages, Raleigh, NC, October 2001. [invited
paper].
“The Emergence of Hispanic English in the Rural South,” Southeastern Conference on Linguistics, Memphis,
Tennessee, 20 April 2002. [4th author, with Beckie Moriello, Walt Wolfram, and Michael Oles]
“Trademark, Metaphor, and Synecdoche in Dictionary Labeling,” Dictionary Society of North America, Durham,
North Carolina, May 2003. [Jennifer Westerhaus, first author]
“Trademark Genericide in Specialized Communities,” Sixth Biennial Conference, International Association of
Forensic Linguists, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, July 2003. [Jennifer Westerhaus, first author]
“Variation in Southern Trademarks: Regionalisms that One May Can Own,” Third Conference on Language
Variation in the South, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, April 17, 2004.
“Global Influence on the Rate of Trademark Genericide,” Law and Society Association, Chicago, IL, May 29, 2004.
[Jennifer Westerhaus, 1st author]
“Evidence of the Rehearsal of a Videotaped Confession as Support for a Diminished Capacity Defense in USA
Death-Penalty Trials,” Cardiff University Conference on Forensic Linguistics, Gregynog Hall, University of
Wales, July 5, 2004.
“Fay Etrange of Kuntzville: Names in Queer Novels before Stonewall,” American Name Society, Oakland, CA,
January 6, 2005.
“The Linguist as Dictionary,” Southeastern Conference on Linguistics, Raleigh, NC, April 9, 2005. [Jackson
Nichols, 1st author]
“The Credentials of Linguists Testifying in American Trademark Litigation,” Law and Society Assoc., June 3, 2005.
“The Dictionary Treatment of Similatives,” Dictionary Society of North America, Boston, MA, June 9, 2005. [Sarah
Hilliard, 2nd author]
“Similatives in Recent English: The Case of whisper quiet,” First International Conference on the Linguistics of
Contemporary English, Edinburgh, Scotland, 25 June 2005.
“What Can Go Wrong When Linguists Testify in American Trademark Litigation,” International Association of
Forensic Linguists, Cardiff, Wales, July 3, 2005. [Jackson Nichols, 2nd author]
“The Credentialing of Linguists Who Testify in American Trademark Litigation,” Language and the Law: East
meets West, Department of English Language, University of Lodz, Poland, September 12–14, 2005.
“The American Linguistic Consultant in American Trademark Litigation: Current Issues,” European Forensic
Linguistic Conference, Barcelona, Spain, September 14, 2006. [invited plenary lecture]
“Discourse Analysis: Instant Messages and ‘Sexual Predator’ Prosecutions,” Department of Linguistics, University
of Florida, Gainesville, March 1, 2007. [invited lecture]
“Forensic Linguistics and American Trademark Law,” Department of Linguistics, Georgetown University,
Washington, DC, April 10, 2007. [invited 90-minute lecture]
“The discourse of operatives working to catch sexual predators in IM messages,” Department of Linguistics,
Georgetown University, April 11, 2007. [invited lecture]
“Legal Evidence and Lexicographical Methodology: Life’s Good,” Dictionary Society of North America, Chicago,
June 2007.
“Discourse Analysis of Instant Messages Used as Incriminating Evidence in ‘Sexual Predator’ Prosecutions,”
International Association of Forensic Linguists, Seattle, July 2007. [Tyler Kendall & Phillip Carter, 2nd and 3rd
authors]
“Perverted Justice: The Instant Messages of Some Convicted ‘Sexual Predators’, ” Law and Society Association,
Berlin, Germany, July 2007. [Phillip Carter and Tyler Kendall, 2nd and 3rd authors]
“IM Traps and Broadcast Surprises: Perverted Justice on NBC-TV,” Georgetown University Round Table
Conference in Linguistics, Washington, DC, March 14–16, 2008. [Phillip Carter and Tyler Kendall, 2nd and 3rd
authors]
Co-chair (with Edward Finegan, University of Southern California), Organized Session on “Ethical Issues in
Forensic Linguistic Consulting,” Linguistic Society of America, San Francisco, California, January 2009.

10
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CURRICULUM VITAE of Ronald R. Butters, Ph.D., April 5, 2018

“The Forensic Linguist’s Professional Credentials,” Organized Session on “Ethical Issues in Forensic Linguistic
Consulting,” Linguistic Society of America, San Francisco, California, January 2009. [session organized by
Edward Finegan and Ronald Butters]
“Forensic Linguistics and Linguistics Scholarship,” Southeastern Conference on Linguistics, Tulane University,
New Orleans, Louisiana, April 6–9, 2009 [invited plenary lecture]
“A Harmless Drudge at Work: The Thoroughly Tedious Etymology of crack ‘smokable cocaine’,” Dictionary
Society of North America, Bloomington, Indiana, May 2009.
“Resolving Unresolvable Ambiguity in an Expert Witness's Testimony: A Court Reporter’s Impossible Task in An
American Death-Penalty Trial,” International Association of Forensic Linguists, Amsterdam, The Netherlands,
July 2009. [Tyler Kendall, second author]
“Forensic Linguistics,” Universität Bamberg, Germany, April 27, 2010. [invited lecture]
“The Divergence Controversy Revisited,” Universität Regensberg, Germany, April 29, 2010. [invited lecture]
“Trademarks as Linguistic Objects,” Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic, May 3, 2010. [invited lecture]
“ ‘I am a needy petite woman’: Judging the Real Age of Participants in IM Sex Talk ‘Enticement’ Conversations.”
Aston University, Birmingham, England, May 5, 2010. [invited lecture]
“Trademarks as Linguistic Objects in Civil Litigation,” Aston Univ., Birmingham, England, May 6, 2010. [invited
lecture]
“Chocolate chip and the Silent Subreption of the Lexicon: A Forensic Linguist at Work,” Dictionary Society of
North America, Montreal, May 2011.
“Imaginative Leaps in Trademark Law,” International Association of Forensic Linguists, Aston University,
Birmingham, England, July 2011.
“Ethics in Forensic Linguistics,” International Association of Forensic Linguists, Aston University, Birmingham,
England, July 2011. [invited plenary lecture]
“Linguistics, Trademarks, and Deceptive Advertising,” Georgetown University Linguistics Department, November
7, 2011. [invited lecture]
“ ‘I'm Off to Save Prostates!’: A Linguist Cautions the FTC about Humor and Deception in Advertising,"
Department of Linguistics, University of California at Davis, April 25, 2012.
“ ‘I'm Off to Save Prostates!’ The Role of Antic Humor in Putatively Deceptive Pomegranate Juice
Advertisements,” West Coast Roundtable on Language and Law, July 27, 2012, Simon Fraser University,
Burnaby, Vancouver, Canada.
"I'm Off to Save Prostates!": Linguistics and Advertising in the Undergraduate Linguistics Curriculum, Southeastern
Conference on Linguistics, Spartanburg, South C,arolina, April 5, 2013.
“Down on the pharm: ‘Convenience’ Abbreviations in Authoritative Dictionaries,” Dictionary Society of North
America, Athens, Georgia, May 25, 2013.
“Likelihood of Linguistic Confusion of Trademarks in Two US Language Communities: The Case of Casique
versus Casica,” International Association of Forensic Linguists, Mexico City, June 26, 2013.
“Reading Images: Semiotic Linguistic Analysis in Civil Litigation,” West Coast Roundtable on Language and Law,
California Appellate Project, San Francisco, CA, August 2, 2013.
“Prominence, Markedness, and Salience: Linguistic Analysis of the Use of Allegedly Proprietary Language in
Advertising,” Southeastern Conference on Linguistics, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, March 29, 2014.
“Killer Tomatoes,” Dictionary Society of North America, University of the West Indies, Barbados, June 11, 2017.

Other Professional Activities


Southeastern Conference on Linguistics: Member of the Executive Committee, 1969–70, 1984–86; Member of the Nominating
Committee, 1972–74; Program Committee Member, 1981–84; Vice-President, 1982; President, 1983; Local Arrangements
Committee Chair, Spring meeting, Duke Univ., 23–24 Mar. 1984.
Secretary of the Linguistics Section, South Atlantic Modern Language Association, 1970; Chairman 1971.
National Endowment for the Humanities Grant: Linguistic Variation in the Spoken English of North Carolina, 1973–74.
Chairman, South Atlantic Section, American Dialect Society, 1979; Nominating Committee member 1980–82.
Consultant, Alamance County Schools Junior High Program for Gifted Students, 29 Oct. 1980. Consultant, Lexington Senior
High School English Program, 1981. Consultant, Project on Linguistics in the Undergraduate Curriculum, Linguistic Society
of America, 1985–86. Consultant, “English and the American South,” Tennessee Humanities Council, Apr. 1989.
Consultant on historical dialects of American English for Journey Communications, Alexandria, VA, 1993 (dialects of
actors portraying figures in the life of Thomas Jefferson—production for PBS). Consultant for various publishers, including
NCTE, Duke Univ. Press, Scott Foresman, D.C. Heath, Univ. of Alabama Press, Univ. of Wisconsin Press, Pergamon Press,

11
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CURRICULUM VITAE of Ronald R. Butters, Ph.D., April 5, 2018

Blackwell, Cambridge Univ. Press, and Prentice-Hall. Consultant, various years, to other universities (promotion and tenure
decisions). National Endowment for the Humanities research proposal evaluator, various years beginning 1984.
Panel Member, Soundings, “The State of the Language,” National Humanities Center’s weekly public affairs radio program
(distributed in five parts to 250 U.S. radio stations and the Voice of America), Spring 1983. Second panel, “American
English Today,” broadcast Fall 1984.
Member of Advisory Committee, Compendium of Non-Mainstream English, Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC,
1984–86.
Advance Placement Examination reader in English Literature, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ, June 1985.
National Science Foundation research proposal evaluator, various years beginning 1987.
Member, Executive Committee, Modern Language Association Division on Language Theory, 1988–1993. Chair, 1991.
Visiting Scholar, Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC, 1 Dec. 1988–1 June 1989.
Program Organizer (for the American Dialect Society) of the Joint Conference of the American Dialect Society and the Society
for Caribbean Linguistics, Trinidad, 27–30 Aug. 1986. Organizer, “Linguistics and Legal Issues,” American Dialect Society
and the Linguistic Society of America, Chicago, 5 Jan. 1991. Organizer, Eighteenth Annual Conference on New Ways of
Analyzing Variation in English and Other Languages, meeting at Duke Univ., 20–22 Oct. 1989. Organizer, “Linguists in the
Judicial Process,” Law and Society Association (meeting in Chicago, May 1993). Organizer, Triangle Linguistics Club,
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina (with Walt Wolfram, North Carolina State Univ., and Randy Hendrick, Univ. of
North Carolina, Chapel Hill), 1994–. Organizer, “Language in the Judicial Process,” Law and Society Association (meeting
in Phoenix, June 1994). Organizer, “Special Symposium: Linguistic Theory in the 1980s,” Southeastern Conference on
Linguistics, 1985. Local Arrangements Committee Chair, International Association of Forensic Linguists (September 1997
meeting). Local arrangements committee chair, meeting of the Dictionary Society of North America at Duke University,
Durham, North Carolina, May 29–31, 2003. “The Forensic Linguist’s Professional Credentials,” Organized Session on
“Ethical Issues in Forensic Linguistic Consulting,” Linguistic Society of America, San Francisco, California, January 2009.
[session organized by Edward Finegan and Ronald Butters].
Member of the Delegate Assembly, Modern Language Association (for the Division on Language Theory), 1991–94.
American Dialect Society Delegate to the American Council of Learned Societies, 1992–96.
Vice President, American Dialect Society, 1997–98; President 1999–2000.
Member of the Advisory Board, Linguistic Atlas of the Middle and South Atlantic States, 1981–.
Member of the Advisory Board, United States Dictionaries Program, Oxford Univ. Press, 1997–.
Vice President, International Association of Forensic Linguists (IAFL),, 2007–8. Acting President, IAFL, 2008–9. President,
IAFL, 2009–11; Member of the IAFL Executive Committee, 2011–15.
Member, Linguistic Society of America Committee on Professional Ethics (current).

Professional Organizations and Memberships


American Dialect Society (past president), American Name Society, Dictionary Society of North America, International
Association of Forensic Linguists (past president), Linguistic Society of America, Southeastern Conference on Linguistics
(founding member and past president), International Language and Law Association (founding member), Who’s Who in
America 1995–.

Ronald R. Butters, Testimony Record, April 5, 2013–April 5, 2018


1. Invisible Fence, Inc., vs. Fido’s Fences, Inc., United States District Court, Eastern District of
Tennessee, deposition testimony, July 8, 2013.
2. Shurtape Technologies, LLC, v. 3M Company, United States District Court for the Western
District of North Carolina, Statesville Division, deposition testimony, July 19, 2013.
3. POM Wonderful LLC Marketing and Sales Practices Litigation. United States District Court for
the Central District of California, deposition testimony, September 13, 2013.
4. United States of America v. Brandon Laureys, United States District Court for the District of
Columbia (Criminal No. 09-106 [RCL], Civil No. 14-1325 [RCL], Defendant’s motions for a
new trial and to vacate, hearing testimony, December 5, 2014.
5. Energy Heating, LLC, and Rocky Mountain Oilfield Servicers, LLC, v. Heat-On-The-Fly, LLC,
and Superheaters North Dakota, LLC, United States District Court, North-western District of
North Dakota, deposition testimony, March, 27, 2015, Washington, DC.
6. Pro-Football, Inc., v. Amanda Blackhorse, Marcus Briggs-Cloud, Phillip Glover, Jillian Pappan,
and Courtney Tsotogh, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia,
Alexandria Division, deposition testimony, January 22, 2015, Naples, Florida

12
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CURRICULUM VITAE of Ronald R. Butters, Ph.D., April 5, 2018

7. Luxco, Inc., Opposer, v. Consejo Regulador Del Tequila, A.C., Applicant, United States
Trademark Trial and Appeal Board, trial testimony, May 6, 2015.
8. Energy Heating, LLC, and Rocky Mountain Oilfield Servicers, LLC, v. Heat-On-The-Fly, LLC,
and Superheaters North Dakota, LLC, United States District Court, Northwestern District of
North Dakota, trial testimony, August 25, 2015, Fargo, ND.
9. Koninklijke Philips Electronics v. Hunt Control Systems, Inc., United States District Court for the
District of New Jersey, Civil Action No 11-CV-3684 ES-MAH, deposition testimony September
25, 2015.
10. Lights Out Holdings, LLC, and Shawne Merriman v. Nike, Inc., United States District Court,
Southern District of California, deposition testimony, December 17, 2015.
11. Caterpillar, Inc., Opposer, v. Tigercat International Inc., Applicant, United States Patent And
Trademark Office, Trademark Trial and Appeal Board, Opposition No. 91213597, deposition
testimony, May 17, 2016.
12. Edible Arrangements International, LLC and Edible Arrangements, LLC, v. 1-800-Flowers.com,
Inc., et al., United States District Court, District of Connecticut, deposition testimony, May 25,
2016.
13. Geodata Systems Management, Inc. v. American Pacific Plastic Fabricators et al., United States
District Court, Central District of California, Case No. 2:15-CV-04125 VAP (JEM), deposition
testimony, July 29, 2016.
14. Bridgestone Corporation v. Tire Group International, OS Patent and Trademark Office Trademark
Trial and Appeal Board, Cancellation Petition of Reg. No. 4651948 for the mark DURAMAS,
trial testimony, August 3, 2016.
15. Phelan Holdings, Inc., v. Rare Hospitality Management, United Stats District Court, Middle
District of Florida, Tampa Division, Case No. 8:15-CV-2294-JSM-TBM, deposition testimony
November 14, 2016.
17. Koninklijke Philips Electronics v. Hunt Control Systems, Inc., United States District Court for the
District of New Jersey, Civil Action No 11-CV-3684 ES-MAH, trial testimony June 13, 2017.
18. Leadership Studies, Inc. v. Blanchard Training and Development, Inc., United States District
Court for the Southern District of California, Case NBo. 15CV1831 WHQ-KSC, deposition
testimony, January 18, 2018.

13
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No Search Results : Oxford English Dictionary 6/4/18, 2:49 PM

Oxford English Dictionary | The definitive record of the English


language

Quick search results


No dictionary entries found for ‘trademarkia’.

Did you mean:

trademark
trademarked
trademarking

Check your search and try again. trademarkia

Oxford University Press


Copyright © 2018 Oxford University Press . All rights reserved.

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Definitions of trademarkia - OneLook Dictionary Search 6/6/18, 11:12 AM

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Sorry, no dictionaries indexed in the selected category contain the word trademarkia.

Did you mean: trademark, trademarked, trademarks, trademarking

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trad* to search for words beginning with trad, or


*rkia to search for words ending with rkia

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-ia, suffix1 : Oxford English Dictionary 6/4/18, 2:53 PM

Oxford English Dictionary | The definitive record of the English


language

-ia, suffix1

A termination of Latin and Greek ns. [= i- , ι-, stem or connecting vowel


1
+ -A suffix 1] , in Greek esp. frequent as the ending of abstract nouns from
adjs. in -ος, etc. Many words so formed are in English use, as hydrophobia,
mania, militia; hence frequent in modern Latin terms of Pathology
(cephalalgia, hæmaturia, hyperalgia, hysteria); of Botany, in names of
classes, orders, or other divisions, as Monandria, Digynia, Cryptogamia,
and in generic names of plants, formed on personal names, or otherwise
derived, as Dahlia, Fuchsia, Lobelia, Wisteria, Woodsia; Calceolaria,
Mantisia, etc.; in names of countries, as Australia, Tasmania, Rhodesia;
and in names of alkaloids (after ammonia), as aconitia, atropia, conia,
morphia, strychnia, in which more recent nomenclature prefers the ending
-ine. In French -ia became -ie, whence Middle English -ie, English -y, in ns.
in -ency, -ography, -ology, etc.

Oxford University Press


Copyright © 2018 Oxford University Press . All rights reserved.

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-ia, suffix2 : Oxford English Dictionary 6/4/18, 2:54 PM

Oxford English Dictionary | The definitive record of the English


language

-ia, suffix2
Etymology: < -i- stem-forming or connecting vowel + -A suffix2.

Forming plurals of Latin and Greek ns. in -ium, -e (-i), -ιον, some of which
are in English use, as paraphernalia, regalia, saturnalia; hence frequent
in modern Latin names of classes, etc. in Zoology, as Mammalia,
Marsupialia, Reptilia, Amphibia.

Oxford University Press


Copyright © 2018 Oxford University Press . All rights reserved.

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The$iWeb$corpus (released6May62018)

The BYU corpora (https://corpus.byu.edu) are the world’s most widely4used corpora. The iWeb corpus
(https://corpus.byu.edu/iweb) HH released in May 2018 – is perhaps the most useful of the BYU corpora for
language learners, teachers, and researchers. There are a number of features that make this such a great corpus.

First,6consider6the6size of6the6corpus.6iWeb6is6about6146billion6words6in6size,6which6makes6about6256times6as6big6as6
COCA6(5606million6words)6and6about61406times6as6big6as6the6BNC6(1006million6words).

BNC
COCA
iWeb

0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000

Second, in just 4H5 seconds you can create a “Virtual Corpus” for any topic (e.g. chocolate, basketball, solar
power, investments, Buddhism, solar power, or any other topic).

Once you’ve created the virtual corpus, you can then search within it (as if it were its own standHalone
corpus), and you can compare results from different virtual corpora that you’ve created. In just 2H3 seconds,
you can also find a list of keywords for the virtual corpus, as with the “solar energy” corpus below:
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 33 of 128

Third, with iWeb you have access to the wide range of searches that you have for all of the other BYU
corpora, including: words, phrases, substrings, lemmas, part of speech, synonyms, and customized wordlists.
For example, the search BUY * ADJ @CLOTHES takes just 1H2 seconds to search through the 14 billion words
to find strings like the following (and it doesn’t require learning unnecessarily convoluted search syntax).

Because of iWeb’s advanced architecture, even searches for very general searches like NOUN + NOUN or
VERB * ADJ NOUN take just 1H2 seconds to search through the 14 billion word corpus:
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 34 of 128

A unique feature of iWeb, which makes it very useful for language learners and teachers, is the ability to
browse through a list of the top 60,000 words (lemmas) in the corpus, and then to see an extremely wide
range of information on each of these words.

For example, the following are just a few examples of high frequency words (about word #5000 in the 60,000
word list), medium frequency (~25,000), and low frequency (~45,000) words. For each word in the list, users
can hear the word pronounced, see videos with that word in the text, find related images from Google
Images, an see a translation for their preferred target language.

It is even possible to search the 60,000 word list by pronunciation (very helpful, because of difficult English
spelling). For example, the following is a partial list of two syllable words (accented on the second syllable)
that rhyme with stay:
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 35 of 128

Each of the top 60,000 words in the corpus has a “home page” such as the following, with links to other pages
with more information. Users can save words to a “favorites” list for later review, and go back through a
history of all of their “word” pages

Words6that6coHoccur6in6226million6web6pages
Favorites6list History Rank6#1H60,000

Definition
Pronunciation
Links66to6videos Words6that6coHoccur6nearby

Links6to6translations
Google6images

2,63,646word6strings

Websites6that6have6this6as6a6“keyword”

The6word6in6context6(to6see6patterns6of6use)
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 36 of 128

Each of the top 60,000 words also has more detailed pages, including a “dictionary” page, related topics,
collocates, clusters, websites, and concordance lines. Samples of each of these pages are given below.

DICTIONARY page

Includes a definition, links to Google Images, pronunciation, videos, and translations (to desired language) at
(up to) four different sites. Also includes synonyms and words with more specific meanings (hyponyms) and
more general meanings (hyponyms) (both from WordNet). It also includes frequency information (including
rank order, number of tokens, and two “range” measures of how well the word is spread throughout the
95,000 websites. Finally, it also includes the frequency of the different forms of the lemma (e.g. verb forms),
and related words.

“One6click”6link6to6Google6Images6(alternative6for6China)

“OneHclick”6
links6to6
translations6
(46different6
sites)

“One6click”6
links6to6
videos6from6
PlayPhrase,6
YouGlish,6
and6Yarn
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 37 of 128

TOPICS page

Shows words that tend to coHoccur in the 22 million webpages in the corpus. In many cases these provide better
insight into meaning and usage than collocates (the standard tool for finding textually related words), and yet
we’re not aware of any other corpus that has these. Users can click on any of these words to follow a “chain” of
related words.

COLLOCATES page

Words that occur nearby. Click on any word to see the collocates for the new word, or click on the “text” icon to see
the word in context. The gray boxes show the most normal placement of the node word (e.g. bread and butter, but
slice of bread). You can also sort by Mutual Information score and set frequency thresholds (Advanced Options).
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 38 of 128

CLUSTERS page

The most common 2, 3, and 4 word strings. You can decide how “wide” or “tight” you want the clusters to be
(e.g. whether they include highly frequent words like articles and prepositions).

KWIC$/$concordance page

See 100 – 1000 random lines, with the surrounding words highlighted for part of speech. You can reHsort the
words by words to the left or right, all with the goal of seeing the patterns in which the word occurs.
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 39 of 128

Websites page

Move between page showing the


websites in which the word is a
keyword (see above), and the
page showing all keywords from a
specific website (right).

In other large webHbased corpora,


the web pages are just the result
of “blindly” following links. In
iWeb, we know a lot about each
of the 95,000 websites, which
makes possible a wide range of
searches that cannot be done
anywhere else.

Summary

The iWeb corpus has a number of features that sets it apart from any other corpus. These include its size (14
billion words, 22 million web pages, 95,000 websites), its searches (range of query types, and the ease and
speed of its searches), and the ease and speed with which you can create “Virtual Corpora” for any topic of
interest.

In addition, it is different from any of the other BYU corpora in the attention that it gives to the top 60,000
words in the corpus, and the wide range of information for each word, including frequency information,
definitions, synonyms, WordNet entries, related topics, concordances (new display in iWeb), clusters,
websites that have the word as a “keyword”, and KWIC/concordance lines.

All6of6these6features6make6iWeb6the6ideal6corpus6for6researchers,6teachers,6and6learners.
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 40 of 128

ÿ
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ÿ
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ÿ
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 43 of 128

CLICK FOR CHOOSE SHOW


MORE DUPLI
[?] LIST CREATE NEW
CONTEXT CATES
LIST [?]

1 smallbusin A B C U.S. Government? There are several good, reputable sites (e.g.,
esscomputi LegalZoom, Trademarkia) that can file your trademarks for you, starting at $169
ng.com (on top

2 startupstas A B C 2690972 Details Trademarkia # Trademarkia is one of the largest trademark


h.com search engines in the world. Search

3 startupstas A B C 2690972 Details Trademarkia # Trademarkia is one of the largest trademark


h.com search engines in the world. Search Millions of

4 startupstas A B C the world. Search Millions of Trademarks Filed Since 1870 For
h.com Free. About Trademarkia # Trademarkia is the largest visual search engine for
more than 6 million trademarked logos

5 startupstas A B C . Search Millions of Trademarks Filed Since 1870 For Free. About Trademarkia
h.com # Trademarkia is the largest visual search engine for more than 6 million
trademarked logos, names

6 startupstas A B C 6 million trademarked logos, names, and slogans on the Internet.


h.com It's Trademarkia's vision to be the worlds largest and finest online legal technology
platform, providing

7 startupstas A B C related to trademarks, corporate registrations, and domain filings. # You can
h.com use Trademarkia to see of your startup's chosen name has been trademarked and,
if it

8 domaininve A B C this complainant, and I found a trademark for the " Versailles " term
sting.com in Trademarkia. I am unsure if this entity is affiliated with any governmental agency
or organization

9 wrestlinginc A B C two trademark applications last week for " King of the Ring. " According
.com to Trademarkia, one trademark was for " a show about professional wrestling "
while the other

1 desk.com A B C USPTO, the application should register in due course. # Cost and Services
0 # Trademarkia can assist you in the filing of Statement of Use paperwork or an
Extension.

1 desk.com A B C Trademark Office fee is $100 per application, per category and the law firm
1 in Trademarkia's network has a fee of $379 per application, per category for the
preparation

1 trademarki A B C acceptable, as shown here below. When you request to register your trademark
2 a.com through Trademarkia, an attorney representing you can assist you in determining
what an acceptable specimen is

1 trademarki A B C filing fee of $100 per class of goods/services, plus a $79 legal fee
3 a.com through Trademarkia; The date of first use of the mark anywhere and the date of
first

1 trademarki A B C While this process can be confusing, when you request to register your trademark
4 a.com through Trademarkia, an attorney representing you can help you navigate the
process. Click here to

1 trademarki A B C Trademark Office (USPTO). While there may be marks that were removed
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 44 of 128

5 a.com from Trademarkia at their owner's request, you can apply now to register a
different use

1 trademarki A B C & Trademark Office (USPTO). There may be marks that were removed
6 a.com from Trademarkia at mark owner's request. Trademark search results are not
indicative of the availability

1 trademarki A B C the category of Clothing Products. What You Can Do:


7 a.com 40697 qwx240697 # Trademarkia is the largest search engine for U.S. and CTM
trademarks. Each month hundreds of

1 trademarki A B C Each month hundreds of trademarks around the world are filed by licensed
8 a.com attorneys in the Trademarkia network! You can register your trademark in 180+
countries in the world through Trademarkia

1 trademarki A B C Trademarkia network! You can register your trademark in 180+ countries in the
9 a.com world through Trademarkia Network. Trademarkia.com is a free search engine of
publicly available government records. Trademarkia.com

2 trademarki A B C Asked Questions What are the benefits of creating a Business Page
0 a.com on Trademarkia? # By creating a business page on Trademarkia, you can place a
large

2 trademarki A B C of creating a Business Page on Trademarkia? # By creating a business page


1 a.com on Trademarkia, you can place a large number of potential infringers on
constructive notice that your

2 trademarki A B C from more than 150 countries around the world. In addition, business pages
2 a.com on Trademarkia are searchable on the world's largest search engines, such as
Google, Bing

2 trademarki A B C , or slogan on a product or service, by creating your business page


3 a.com on Trademarkia, your name, logo or slogan will be searchable on Trademarkia
next to registered

2 trademarki A B C business page on Trademarkia, your name, logo or slogan will be searchable
4 a.com on Trademarkia next to registered U.S. and foreign trademarks. That way, many
more potential infringers

2 trademarki A B C , logo, or slogan in the future, by creating a business page on Trademarkia, your
5 a.com name, logo, or slogan on your business page will be searchable

2 trademarki A B C your name, logo, or slogan on your business page will be searchable
6 a.com on Trademarkia next to filed and registered U.S. and foreign trademarks. A
business page through Trademarkia

2 trademarki A B C Trademarkia next to filed and registered U.S. and foreign trademarks. A business
7 a.com page through Trademarkia helps to establish a web identity for your brand.
According to the United States

2 trademarki A B C Office has the ultimate right to use and registration. " A business page
8 a.com on Trademarkia makes your business searchable to the more than 1 million visitors
to Trademarkia's website

2 trademarki A B C page on Trademarkia makes your business searchable to the more than 1 million
9 a.com visitors to Trademarkia's website every month. # There are no government filing
fees to create a

3 trademarki A B C month. # There are no government filing fees to create a business page
0 a.com on Trademarkia. Alternatively, by paying government fees and filing to register
your trademark, you

3 trademarki A B C & Trademark Office (USPTO). There may be marks that were removed
1 a.com from Trademarkia at mark owner's request. Trademark search results are not
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 45 of 128

indicative of the availability

3 trademarki A B C check is cleared and legal work is commenced per this Agreement. I understand
2 a.com that Trademarkia does not earn any percentage of fees for U.S. legal services, in
whole or

3 trademarki A B C any percentage of fees for U.S. legal services, in whole or part. - -
3 a.com Trademarkia earns fees for non-legal services such as logo design, website
design/publishing, automated trademark

3 trademarki A B C , *I understand that LIVE SUPPORT is an automatic, monthly reoccurring service


4 a.com offered by Trademarkia and which automatically renews each month based on the
month that I purchase the service.

3 trademarki A B C understand that I can cancel Live Support at any time by simply logging into
5 a.com the Trademarkia website and canceling the service, or contacting us, at any time at
**32;0;TOOLONG

3 trademarki A B C that there is a physical wall and electronic confidentiality agreement between
6 a.com communications between employees of Trademarkia and Firm with respect to any
confidential materials. I understand that attorneys at Firm

3 trademarki A B C confidential materials. I understand that attorneys at Firm will not share
7 a.com confidential information with Trademarkia customer service representatives. I
understand that attorneys at Firm are able to advise me

3 trademarki A B C free to choose any licensed U.S. trademark attorney to represent me by not using
8 a.com the Trademarkia website, and that a complete list of registered attorneys licensed
to practice U.S. federal

3 trademarki A B C a partial list of which can be found at this link: LONG... # Trademarkia may
9 a.com refund or offer satisfaction credit for non-legal services that have not been
completed upon

4 trademarki A B C purchase. - - I understand that any purchase of non-legal services I order


0 a.com from Trademarkia are final and no refunds will be issued once the service has
been completed.

4 trademarki A B C . # Unlike the Firm that I am separately engaging herein, I understand


1 a.com that Trademarkia is not a law firm but rather is a legal automation software
technology Delaware C

4 trademarki A B C rather is a legal automation software technology Delaware C corporation. I fully


2 a.com understand that Trademarkia can not and does not provide any legal services or
legal advice. I understand

4 trademarki A B C provide any legal services or legal advice. I understand that customer service
3 a.com representatives at Trademarkia can not answer any legal questions requiring
analysis of my specific facts with federal and

4 trademarki A B C requiring analysis of my specific facts with federal and state law. I understand
4 a.com that Trademarkia can only answer website usability questions related to general
free search and logo design,

4 trademarki A B C website and search engine is a separate business from the Firm. I understand
5 a.com that Trademarkia is a separate Technology corporation which creates software for
law firm practice automation and automated

4 trademarki A B C will be between me and the Regional Firm only, without involvement from Firm
6 a.com or Trademarkia. I hereby understand that any international fees listed or paid by
me may include

4 trademarki A B C against currency fluctuations and are quoted in US dollars. The international fees
7 a.com listed on Trademarkia are subject to change or fluctuation due to changes in
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 46 of 128

exchange rates, regulatory change

4 trademarki A B C in exchange rates, regulatory change, or other change not within the control
8 a.com of Trademarkia and upon notification of such difference, I agree to either pay the
difference or

4 trademarki A B C international trademark application requests. # When requesting the creation of a


9 a.com business page on Trademarkia that does not involve a federal registration request
with the United States Patent and Trademark

5 trademarki A B C , I understand that Firm will not represent me. Fees will be earned
0 a.com by Trademarkia immediately upon creation of a business page listing on
Trademarkia, and I will be

5 trademarki A B C Fees will be earned by Trademarkia immediately upon creation of a business page
1 a.com listing on Trademarkia, and I will be solely responsible for the accuracy of the
information I provide

5 trademarki A B C and I will be solely responsible for the accuracy of the information I provide
2 a.com to Trademarkia. # For U.S. trademark matters, these terms of service and
representation agreement (

5 trademarki A B C represents that he or she has the authority to grant, and is


3 a.com granting, Trademarkia and the USPTO permission to make the information public
in its on-line database and in

5 trademarki A B C correspondence, and therefore Client agrees to regularly check for emails from
4 a.com Firm and LegalForce Trademarkia for private communications and notices and
alerts based on status changes to their trademark.

5 trademarki A B C and notices and alerts based on status changes to their trademark. #
5 a.com c. Trademarkia exist solely within the state of California and Arizona. Client agrees
that regardless of

5 trademarki A B C resides or where Client's browser is physically located, the viewing and use
6 a.com of Trademarkia occurs solely within the County of Santa Clara in the State of
California, and

5 trademarki A B C Client agrees that California law shall govern any disputes arising from their use of
7 a.com the Trademarkia website. # d. Trademarkia is not responsible for the quality of
Firm or

5 trademarki A B C govern any disputes arising from their use of the Trademarkia website. #
8 a.com d. Trademarkia is not responsible for the quality of Firm or Regional Firm services,
and Client

5 trademarki A B C in writing. - - The parties to this agreement shall be the user, Trademarkia and
9 a.com Firm. - - The user understands that Trademarkia and Firm cross sign and execute

6 trademarki A B C agreement shall be the user, Trademarkia and Firm. - - The user understands
0 a.com that Trademarkia and Firm cross sign and execute this agreement automatically
upon acceptance of the Terms herein

6 trademarki A B C initial projects shall be governed by the following terms of engagement between
1 a.com the user, Trademarkia, and the Firm. # This agreement supersedes prior
agreements between the Firm and

6 trademarki A B C trademark is filed in the category of Restaurant and Hotel Services.


2 a.com 40688 qwx240688 # Trademarkia is the largest search engine for U.S., China,
European Union, Canada,

6 trademarki A B C Each month hundreds of trademarks around the world are filed by licensed
3 a.com attorneys in the Trademarkia network! You can register your trademark in 180+
countries in the world through Trademarkia
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 47 of 128

6 trademarki A B C Trademarkia network! You can register your trademark in 180+ countries in the
4 a.com world through Trademarkia Network. Trademarkia.com is a free search engine of
publicly available government records. Trademarkia.com

6 trademarki A B C the filing date determined? # If you place an order over the Internet
5 a.com through Trademarkia, the filing date is the date the transmission reaches the
United States Patent and

6 trademarki A B C States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) server after an attorney
6 a.com representing you through Trademarkia reviews your matter, in Eastern Standard
Time. This is usually 3 or 4

6 trademarki A B C is usually 3 or 4 days after you fill out a trademark registration request
7 a.com through Trademarkia. The USPTO relies on a filing date to assess priority among
applications. Receiving

6 trademarki A B C issued by the USPTO during the trademark examination. An attorney that
8 a.com represents you through Trademarkia can help you through the process.

6 trademarki A B C 20780242 780242/ 40688 qwx240688 # Trademarkia is the largest search


9 a.com engine for U.S., China, European Union, Canada,

7 trademarki A B C Each month hundreds of trademarks around the world are filed by licensed
0 a.com attorneys in the Trademarkia network! You can register your trademark in 180+
countries in the world through Trademarkia

7 trademarki A B C Trademarkia network! You can register your trademark in 180+ countries in the
1 a.com world through Trademarkia Network. Trademarkia.com is a free search engine of
publicly available government records. Trademarkia.com

7 trademarki A B C providing information, including online, in relation to all of the aforementioned


2 a.com services # Trademarkia is the largest search engine for U.S., China, European
Union, Canada,

7 trademarki A B C Each month hundreds of trademarks around the world are filed by licensed
3 a.com attorneys in the Trademarkia network! You can register your trademark in 180+
countries in the world through Trademarkia

7 trademarki A B C Trademarkia network! You can register your trademark in 180+ countries in the
4 a.com world through Trademarkia Network. Trademarkia.com is a free search engine of
publicly available government records. Trademarkia.com

7 trademarki A B C 20780282 780282/ What You Can Do: 40697 qwx240697 # Trademarkia is the
5 a.com largest search engine for U.S. and CTM trademarks. Each month hundreds of

7 trademarki A B C Each month hundreds of trademarks around the world are filed by licensed
6 a.com attorneys in the Trademarkia network! You can register your trademark in 180+
countries in the world through Trademarkia

7 trademarki A B C Trademarkia network! You can register your trademark in 180+ countries in the
7 a.com world through Trademarkia Network. Trademarkia.com is a free search engine of
publicly available government records. Trademarkia.com

7 bellatory.co A B C to do so by looking up the owner of the Curren trademark. According


8 m to Trademarkia, this particular trademark is still available. I could purchase the
American rights for

7 inta.org A B C to believe that the owner is overreaching as well. # Trademark filing


9 service, Trademarkia, made news a few years ago by publishing a list of what it
terms

8 inta.org A B C the number of oppositions filed may just reflect aggressive but legitimate
0 enforcement, and even Trademarkia acknowledged that this metric does not
necessarily define which company is or is not a
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 48 of 128

8 dailytech.c A B C there's one subtle nuance that was lost. According to data we found
1 om on Trademarkia, Viv Labs' slogan for its product is " The Global Brain ".

8 photofocus. A B C affiliates and others. You can view trademarks owned by Scott Bourne, on
2 com LegalForce Trademarkia at this link: LONG... # Nothing contained on this

8 process.st A B C 498686/ Incorporation Checklist Check the availability of your desired company
3 name # Use Trademarkia to determine if the corporate name you want to use is
already trademarked. #

8 seosmarty. A B C you chose is not already in use by other company. # Here is


4 com where Trademarkia can help the largest visual search engine for more than 6
million trademarked logos,

8 otakuhouse A B C its affiliates and others. You can view trademarks owned by Pinkcube Pte Ltd
5 .com on Trademarkia at this link: LONG... Nothing contained on this

8 worldtrade A B C past five years. # In 2011, one of our cover stories revealed that Trademarkia and
6 markreview The Trademark Company had supplanted traditional legal practices at the top of the
.com US

8 militarydisa A B C affiliates and others. You can view trademarks owned by Johnson, George on
7 bilitymadee LegalForce Trademarkia at this link: LONG... Nothing contained herein
asy.com

8 lexicata.co A B C companies like LegalZoom, RocketLawyer, and DocStoc, and the newcomers like
8 m WeVorce, Trademarkia, and Shake, it seems this market for commoditized legal
offerings is really only

8 lexicata.co A B C . And then there's the streamlined, technology driven legal service providers like
9 m LegalZoom, Trademarkia, and Axiom. # Technology is bringing about a new-look
legal industry, and-

9 technibble. A B C to use in researching who else may have your name in the United States
0 com are Trademarkia and the USPTO. While the searches you can do on these public
databases are

9 thelogocom A B C of On-line social networking services. You can read a bit about the trademark
1 pany.net at Trademarkia. # This is a fun design where the designer has imagined the letters
in

9 crowdsprin A B C free) the federal trademark database Trademark Electronic Search System. One
2 g.com good alternative: Trademarkia, allows you to search trademarks for free and can
help you file your trademark

9 crowdsprin A B C business, I understand clearly the importance of protecting your brand and your
3 g.com mark. Trademarkia has one of the worlds largest databases of trademarked logos,
names, and slogans

9 diymarketer A B C the work for trademarking DIYMarketers.? When I first submitted my request for
4 s.com trademark through Trademarkia, the application was pushed back because
DIYMarketers was said to be too descriptive.?

9 diymarketer A B C media with you.? For more information on trademarking your brand, you can
5 s.com visit Trademarkia to get started or contact Raj directly. # What is a Vanity URL?

9 diymarketer A B C Trademark Office (USPTO).? Web searches should be conducted on


6 s.com Google, Trademarkia, and the USPTO. # If you do come across what you believe
to

9 deadspin.c A B C is Raj Abhyanker. He's the founder of LegalForce RAPC, also known
7 om as Trademarkia, a California-based online and storefront operation that takes a
very non-intellectual approach to marketing
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 49 of 128

9 deadspin.c A B C & Easy Process! "). Speaking at Stanford in 2012, Abhyanker


8 om said Trademarkia was " on pace to file over 21,000 trademarks this year, more
than any
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 50 of 128
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 51 of 128

ÿ
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Domain Report
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com

Domain Name LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com


Prepared On April 10, 2018

Website Screenshot taken 03/27/2017


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 66 of 128

About This Report


This report documents a thorough analysis of the Internet domain name
"LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com". It draws on the extensive DomainTools dataset and aims to
deliver a comprehensive view of the domain's ownership profile, key historical events and
technically linked domain names.

All data in this Report is, or was, freely available through standard Internet DNS and query
protocols. DomainTools has not altered the data in any way from its original form, except in
certain instances to format it for readability in this Report.

Data from DomainTools is presented as-is, and as captured from the original source. We make
no representations or warranties of fitness of any kind.

About DomainTools
DomainTools offers the most comprehensive searchable database of domain name registration
and hosting data. Combined with our other data sites such as DailyChanges.com,
Screenshots.com and ReverseMX.com, users of DomainTools.com can review millions of
historical domain name records from basic Whois, and DNS information, to homepage images
and email settings. The Company's comprehensive snapshots of past and present domain name
registration, ownership and usage data, in addition to powerful research and monitoring
resources, help customers by unlocking everything there is to know about a domain name.
DomainTools is a Top 250 site in the Alexa rankings.

Reach us at memberservices@domaintools.com if you have any questions on this report.

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 2


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 67 of 128

Domain Profile
As of April 10, 2018

Ownership
Registered Owner Domains By Proxy, LLC
Owned Domains About 7893978 other domains
Email Addresses abuse@godaddy.com
legalzoomtrademarkia.com@domainsbyproxy.com
Registrar godaddy.com, llc

Registration
Created Jun 8, 2012
Expires Jun 8, 2018
Updated Jan 19, 2017
Domain Status Parked
Whois Server whois.godaddy.com
Name Servers domaincontrol.com

Network
Website IP Address 50.63.202.31
IP Location United States-Arizona-Scottsdale
Godaddy.Com Llc
IP ASN AS26496

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 3


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 68 of 128

Current Whois Record


Reported on Apr 10, 2018
Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Updated Date: 2017-01-19T19:39:04Z
Creation Date: 2012-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2018-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.4806242505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID: Not Available From Registry
Registrant Name: Registration Private
Registrant Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Registrant Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Registrant Street: 14455 N. Hayden Road
Registrant City: Scottsdale
Registrant State/Province: Arizona
Registrant Postal Code: 85260
Registrant Country: US
Registrant Phone: +1.4806242599
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax: +1.4806242598
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Admin ID: Not Available From Registry
Admin Name: Registration Private
Admin Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Admin Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Admin Street: 14455 N. Hayden Road
Admin City: Scottsdale
Admin State/Province: Arizona
Admin Postal Code: 85260
Admin Country: US
Admin Phone: +1.4806242599
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax: +1.4806242598
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Tech ID: Not Available From Registry
Tech Name: Registration Private
Tech Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Tech Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Tech Street: 14455 N. Hayden Road
Tech City: Scottsdale
Tech State/Province: Arizona
Tech Postal Code: 85260

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 4


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 69 of 128

Tech Country: US
Tech Phone: +1.4806242599
Tech Phone Ext:
Tech Fax: +1.4806242598
Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Name Server: NS65.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
Name Server: NS66.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 5


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 70 of 128

Ownership History
Whois History for LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com
DomainTools has 32 distinct historical ownership records for LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com. The
oldest record dates Feb 8, 2010. Each record is listed on its own page, starting with the most
recent record. The date at the start of the section indicates the first time we captured the record.
The website screenshot, when available, will be the image captured as close as possible to the
record date.

About Whois History


DomainTools takes periodic snapshots of domain name Whois records and stores them for
subsequent analysis. The database contains billions of Whois records across hundreds of
millions of domains, dating back in some cases to 2001.

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 6


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 71 of 128

Whois Record on Mar 18, 2018


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Updated Date: 2017-01-19T19:39:04Z
Creation Date: 2012-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2018-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.4806242505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID: Not Available From Registry
Registrant Name: Registration Private
Registrant Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Registrant Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Registrant Street: 14455 N. Hayden Road
Registrant City: Scottsdale
Registrant State/Province: Arizona
Registrant Postal Code: 85260
Registrant Country: US
Registrant Phone: +1.4806242599
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax: +1.4806242598
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Admin ID: Not Available From Registry
Admin Name: Registration Private
Admin Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Admin Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Admin Street: 14455 N. Hayden Road
Admin City: Scottsdale
Admin State/Province: Arizona
Admin Postal Code: 85260
Admin Country: US
Admin Phone: +1.4806242599
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax: +1.4806242598
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Tech ID: Not Available From Registry
Tech Name: Registration Private
Tech Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Screenshot taken Mar 27, 2017
Tech Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Tech Street: 14455 N. Hayden Road
Tech City: Scottsdale
Tech State/Province: Arizona
Tech Postal Code: 85260
Tech Country: US
Tech Phone: +1.4806242599
Tech Phone Ext:
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 7
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 72 of 128

Tech Fax: +1.4806242598


Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Name Server: NS65.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
Name Server: NS66.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 8


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 73 of 128

Whois Record on Mar 26, 2017


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2017-01-19T19:39:04Z
Creation Date: 2012-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2018-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.4806242505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID: Not Available From Registry
Registrant Name: Registration Private
Registrant Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Registrant Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Registrant Street: 14455 N. Hayden Road
Registrant City: Scottsdale
Registrant State/Province: Arizona
Registrant Postal Code: 85260
Registrant Country: US
Registrant Phone: +1.4806242599
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax: +1.4806242598
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Admin ID: Not Available From Registry
Admin Name: Registration Private
Admin Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Admin Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Admin Street: 14455 N. Hayden Road
Admin City: Scottsdale
Admin State/Province: Arizona
Admin Postal Code: 85260
Admin Country: US
Admin Phone: +1.4806242599
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax: +1.4806242598
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Tech ID: Not Available From Registry
Tech Name: Registration Private
Tech Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Tech Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Tech Street: 14455 N. Hayden Road
Tech City: Scottsdale
Tech State/Province: Arizona
Tech Postal Code: 85260
Tech Country: US
Screenshot taken Jul 15, 2016
Tech Phone: +1.4806242599
Tech Phone Ext:
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 9
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 74 of 128

Tech Fax: +1.4806242598


Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Name Server: NS65.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
Name Server: NS66.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 10


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 75 of 128

Whois Record on Nov 16, 2016


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2016-06-09T11:15:06Z
Creation Date: 2012-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2017-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.4806242505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID: Not Available From Registry
Registrant Name: Registration Private
Registrant Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Registrant Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Registrant Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Registrant City: Scottsdale
Registrant State/Province: Arizona
Registrant Postal Code: 85260
Registrant Country: US
Registrant Phone: +1.4806242599
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax: +1.4806242598
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Admin ID: Not Available From Registry
Admin Name: Registration Private
Admin Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Admin Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Admin Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Admin City: Scottsdale
Admin State/Province: Arizona
Admin Postal Code: 85260
Admin Country: US
Admin Phone: +1.4806242599
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax: +1.4806242598
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Tech ID: Not Available From Registry
Tech Name: Registration Private
Tech Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Tech Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Tech Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Tech City: Scottsdale
Tech State/Province: Arizona
Tech Postal Code: 85260
Tech Country: US
Screenshot taken Jul 15, 2016
Tech Phone: +1.4806242599
Tech Phone Ext:
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 11
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 76 of 128

Tech Fax: +1.4806242598


Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Name Server: NS65.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
Name Server: NS66.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 12


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 77 of 128

Whois Record on Jun 11, 2016


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2016-06-09T11:15:06Z
Creation Date: 2012-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2017-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.4806242505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID: Not Available From Registry
Registrant Name: Registration Private
Registrant Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Registrant Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Registrant Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Registrant City: Scottsdale
Registrant State/Province: Arizona
Registrant Postal Code: 85260
Registrant Country: US
Registrant Phone: +1.4806242599
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax: +1.4806242598
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Admin ID: Not Available From Registry
Admin Name: Registration Private
Admin Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Admin Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Admin Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Admin City: Scottsdale
Admin State/Province: Arizona
Admin Postal Code: 85260
Admin Country: US
Admin Phone: +1.4806242599
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax: +1.4806242598
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Tech ID: Not Available From Registry
Tech Name: Registration Private
Tech Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Tech Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Screenshot taken Dec 2, 2015
Tech Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Tech City: Scottsdale
Tech State/Province: Arizona
Tech Postal Code: 85260
Tech Country: US
Tech Phone: +1.4806242599
Tech Phone Ext:
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 13
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 78 of 128

Tech Fax: +1.4806242598


Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Name Server: NS65.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
Name Server: NS66.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 14


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 79 of 128

Whois Record on Jun 7, 2016


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2015-02-26T17:52:43Z
Creation Date: 2012-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2016-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.4806242505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID: Not Available From Registry
Registrant Name: Registration Private
Registrant Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Registrant Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Registrant Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Registrant City: Scottsdale
Registrant State/Province: Arizona
Registrant Postal Code: 85260
Registrant Country: US
Registrant Phone: +1.4806242599
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax: +1.4806242598
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Admin ID: Not Available From Registry
Admin Name: Registration Private
Admin Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Admin Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Admin Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Admin City: Scottsdale
Admin State/Province: Arizona
Admin Postal Code: 85260
Admin Country: US
Admin Phone: +1.4806242599
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax: +1.4806242598
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Tech ID: Not Available From Registry
Tech Name: Registration Private
Tech Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Tech Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Screenshot taken Dec 2, 2015
Tech Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Tech City: Scottsdale
Tech State/Province: Arizona
Tech Postal Code: 85260
Tech Country: US
Tech Phone: +1.4806242599
Tech Phone Ext:
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 15
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 80 of 128

Tech Fax: +1.4806242598


Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Name Server: NS65.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
Name Server: NS66.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 16


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 81 of 128

Whois Record on Mar 26, 2016


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2015-02-26T17:52:43Z
Creation Date: 2012-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2016-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.4806242505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID: Not Available From Registry
Registrant Name: Registration Private
Registrant Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Registrant Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Registrant Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Registrant City: Scottsdale
Registrant State/Province: Arizona
Registrant Postal Code: 85260
Registrant Country: US
Registrant Phone: +1.4806242599
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax: +1.4806242598
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Admin ID: Not Available From Registry
Admin Name: Registration Private
Admin Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Admin Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Admin Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Admin City: Scottsdale
Admin State/Province: Arizona
Admin Postal Code: 85260
Admin Country: US
Admin Phone: +1.4806242599
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax: +1.4806242598
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Tech ID: Not Available From Registry
Tech Name: Registration Private
Tech Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Tech Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Screenshot taken Dec 2, 2015
Tech Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Tech City: Scottsdale
Tech State/Province: Arizona
Tech Postal Code: 85260
Tech Country: US
Tech Phone: +1.4806242599
Tech Phone Ext:
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 17
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 82 of 128

Tech Fax: +1.4806242598


Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Name Server: NS65.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
Name Server: NS66.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 18


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Whois Record on Dec 8, 2015


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2015-02-26T17:52:43Z
Creation Date: 2012-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2016-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.4806242505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID:
Registrant Name: Registration Private
Registrant Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Registrant Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Registrant Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Registrant City: Scottsdale
Registrant State/Province: Arizona
Registrant Postal Code: 85260
Registrant Country: United States
Registrant Phone: +1.4806242599
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax: +1.4806242598
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Admin ID:
Admin Name: Registration Private
Admin Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Admin Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Admin Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Admin City: Scottsdale
Admin State/Province: Arizona
Admin Postal Code: 85260
Admin Country: United States
Admin Phone: +1.4806242599
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax: +1.4806242598
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Tech ID:
Tech Name: Registration Private
Tech Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Tech Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Screenshot taken Dec 2, 2015
Tech Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Tech City: Scottsdale
Tech State/Province: Arizona
Tech Postal Code: 85260
Tech Country: United States
Tech Phone: +1.4806242599
Tech Phone Ext:
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 19
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 84 of 128

Tech Fax: +1.4806242598


Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Name Server: NS65.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
Name Server: NS66.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 20


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 85 of 128

Whois Record on Aug 24, 2015


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2015-02-26T17:52:43Z
Creation Date: 2012-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2016-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.4806242505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID:
Registrant Name: Registration Private
Registrant Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Registrant Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Registrant Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Screenshot taken Mar 17, 2015
Registrant City: Scottsdale
Registrant State/Province: Arizona
Registrant Postal Code: 85260
Registrant Country: United States
Registrant Phone: +1.4806242599
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax: +1.4806242598
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Admin ID:
Admin Name: Registration Private
Admin Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Admin Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Admin Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Admin City: Scottsdale
Admin State/Province: Arizona
Admin Postal Code: 85260
Admin Country: United States
Admin Phone: +1.4806242599
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax: +1.4806242598
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Tech ID:
Tech Name: Registration Private
Tech Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Tech Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Tech Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Tech City: Scottsdale
Tech State/Province: Arizona
Tech Postal Code: 85260
Tech Country: United States
Tech Phone: +1.4806242599
Tech Phone Ext:
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 21
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 86 of 128

Tech Fax: +1.4806242598


Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Name Server: NS65.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
Name Server: NS66.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 22


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Whois Record on May 24, 2015


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2015-02-26T17:52:43Z
Creation Date: 2012-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2016-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.4806242505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID:
Registrant Name: Registration Private
Registrant Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Registrant Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Registrant Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Screenshot taken Mar 17, 2015
Registrant City: Scottsdale
Registrant State/Province: Arizona
Registrant Postal Code: 85260
Registrant Country: United States
Registrant Phone: +1.4806242599
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax: +1.4806242598
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Admin ID:
Admin Name: Registration Private
Admin Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Admin Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Admin Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Admin City: Scottsdale
Admin State/Province: Arizona
Admin Postal Code: 85260
Admin Country: United States
Admin Phone: +1.4806242599
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax: +1.4806242598
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Tech ID:
Tech Name: Registration Private
Tech Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Tech Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Tech Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Tech City: Scottsdale
Tech State/Province: Arizona
Tech Postal Code: 85260
Tech Country: United States
Tech Phone: +1.4806242599
Tech Phone Ext:
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 23
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 88 of 128

Tech Fax: +1.4806242598


Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Name Server: NS65.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
Name Server: NS66.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 24


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 89 of 128

Whois Record on Feb 28, 2015


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2015-02-26T17:52:43Z
Creation Date: 2012-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2016-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Screenshot taken Apr 3, 2014
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.480-624-2505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID:
Registrant Name: Registration Private
Registrant Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Registrant Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Registrant Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Registrant City: Scottsdale
Registrant State/Province: Arizona
Registrant Postal Code: 85260
Registrant Country: United States
Registrant Phone: +1.4806242599
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax: +1.4806242598
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Admin ID:
Admin Name: Registration Private
Admin Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Admin Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Admin Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Admin City: Scottsdale
Admin State/Province: Arizona
Admin Postal Code: 85260
Admin Country: United States
Admin Phone: +1.4806242599
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax: +1.4806242598
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Registry Tech ID:
Tech Name: Registration Private
Tech Organization: Domains By Proxy, LLC
Tech Street: DomainsByProxy.com
Tech Street: 14747 N Northsight Blvd Suite 111, PMB 309
Tech City: Scottsdale
Tech State/Province: Arizona
Tech Postal Code: 85260
Tech Country: United States
Tech Phone: +1.4806242599
Tech Phone Ext:
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 25
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 90 of 128

Tech Fax: +1.4806242598


Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM@domainsbyproxy.com
Name Server: NS65.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
Name Server: NS66.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

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Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 91 of 128

Whois Record on Jan 20, 2015


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2014-06-02T16:19:09Z
Creation Date: 2012-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2015-06-08T13:54:47Z
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Screenshot taken Apr 3, 2014
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.480-624-2505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited http://www.icann.org/epp#clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID:
Registrant Name: Domain Recovery
Registrant Organization: LegalZoom.com
Registrant Street: 101 N. Brand Blvd., 11th Floor
Registrant City: Glendale
Registrant State/Province: California
Registrant Postal Code: 91203
Registrant Country: United States
Registrant Phone: +1.3239628600
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax:
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Admin ID:
Admin Name: Domain Recovery
Admin Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Admin Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Admin City: Aliso Viejo
Admin State/Province: California
Admin Postal Code: 92656
Admin Country: United States
Admin Phone: +1.9495259320
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax:
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Tech ID:
Tech Name: Domain Recovery
Tech Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Tech Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Tech City: Aliso Viejo
Tech State/Province: California
Tech Postal Code: 92656
Tech Country: United States
Tech Phone: +1.9495259320
Tech Phone Ext:
Tech Fax:
Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 27
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 92 of 128

Name Server: NS1.A0F.NET


Name Server: NS2.A0F.NET
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 28


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 93 of 128

Whois Record on Nov 7, 2014


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2014-06-02 11:19:09
Creation Date: 2012-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2015-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Screenshot taken Apr 3, 2014
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.480-624-2505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID:
Registrant Name: Domain Recovery
Registrant Organization: LegalZoom.com
Registrant Street: 101 N. Brand Blvd., 11th Floor
Registrant City: Glendale
Registrant State/Province: California
Registrant Postal Code: 91203
Registrant Country: United States
Registrant Phone: +1.3239628600
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax:
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Admin ID:
Admin Name: Domain Recovery
Admin Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Admin Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Admin City: Aliso Viejo
Admin State/Province: California
Admin Postal Code: 92656
Admin Country: United States
Admin Phone: +1.9495259320
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax:
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Tech ID:
Tech Name: Domain Recovery
Tech Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Tech Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Tech City: Aliso Viejo
Tech State/Province: California
Tech Postal Code: 92656
Tech Country: United States
Tech Phone: +1.9495259320
Tech Phone Ext:
Tech Fax:
Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 29
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 94 of 128

Name Server: NS1.A0F.NET


Name Server: NS2.A0F.NET
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 30


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 95 of 128

Whois Record on Aug 20, 2014


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2014-06-02 11:19:09
Creation Date: 2012-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2015-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Screenshot taken Apr 3, 2014
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.480-624-2505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID:
Registrant Name: Domain Recovery
Registrant Organization: LegalZoom.com
Registrant Street: 101 N. Brand Blvd., 11th Floor
Registrant City: Glendale
Registrant State/Province: California
Registrant Postal Code: 91203
Registrant Country: United States
Registrant Phone: +1.3239628600
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax:
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Admin ID:
Admin Name: Domain Recovery
Admin Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Admin Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Admin City: Aliso Viejo
Admin State/Province: California
Admin Postal Code: 92656
Admin Country: United States
Admin Phone: +1.9495259320
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax:
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Tech ID:
Tech Name: Domain Recovery
Tech Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Tech Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Tech City: Aliso Viejo
Tech State/Province: California
Tech Postal Code: 92656
Tech Country: United States
Tech Phone: +1.9495259320
Tech Phone Ext:
Tech Fax:
Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 31
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 96 of 128

Name Server: NS1.A0F.NET


Name Server: NS2.A0F.NET
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 32


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 97 of 128

Whois Record on Jun 6, 2014


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2014-06-02 11:19:09
Creation Date: 2012-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2015-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Screenshot taken Apr 3, 2014
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.480-624-2505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID:
Registrant Name: Domain Recovery
Registrant Organization: LegalZoom.com
Registrant Street: 101 N. Brand Blvd., 11th Floor
Registrant City: Glendale
Registrant State/Province: California
Registrant Postal Code: 91203
Registrant Country: United States
Registrant Phone: +1.3239628600
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax:
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Admin ID:
Admin Name: Domain Recovery
Admin Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Admin Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Admin City: Aliso Viejo
Admin State/Province: California
Admin Postal Code: 92656
Admin Country: United States
Admin Phone: +1.9495259320
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax:
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Tech ID:
Tech Name: Domain Recovery
Tech Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Tech Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Tech City: Aliso Viejo
Tech State/Province: California
Tech Postal Code: 92656
Tech Country: United States
Tech Phone: +1.9495259320
Tech Phone Ext:
Tech Fax:
Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 33
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 98 of 128

Name Server: NS1.A0F.NET


Name Server: NS2.A0F.NET
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 34


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 99 of 128

Whois Record on May 21, 2014


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2013-05-23 12:08:38
Creation Date: 2012-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2014-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Screenshot taken Apr 3, 2014
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.480-624-2505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID:
Registrant Name: Domain Recovery
Registrant Organization: LegalZoom.com
Registrant Street: 101 N. Brand Blvd., 11th Floor
Registrant City: Glendale
Registrant State/Province: California
Registrant Postal Code: 91203
Registrant Country: United States
Registrant Phone: +1.3239628600
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax:
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Admin ID:
Admin Name: Domain Recovery
Admin Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Admin Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Admin City: Aliso Viejo
Admin State/Province: California
Admin Postal Code: 92656
Admin Country: United States
Admin Phone: +1.9495259320
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax:
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Tech ID:
Tech Name: Domain Recovery
Tech Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Tech Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Tech City: Aliso Viejo
Tech State/Province: California
Tech Postal Code: 92656
Tech Country: United States
Tech Phone: +1.9495259320
Tech Phone Ext:
Tech Fax:
Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 35
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 100 of 128

Name Server: NS1.A0F.NET


Name Server: NS2.A0F.NET
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 36


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 101 of 128

Whois Record on Apr 21, 2014


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2013-05-23 12:08:38
Creation Date: 2012-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2014-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Screenshot taken Apr 3, 2014
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.480-624-2505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID:
Registrant Name: Domain Recovery
Registrant Organization: LegalZoom.com
Registrant Street: 101 N. Brand Blvd., 11th Floor
Registrant City: Glendale
Registrant State/Province: California
Registrant Postal Code: 91203
Registrant Country: United States
Registrant Phone: +1.3239628600
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax:
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Admin ID:
Admin Name: Domain Recovery
Admin Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Admin Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Admin City: Aliso Viejo
Admin State/Province: California
Admin Postal Code: 92656
Admin Country: United States
Admin Phone: +1.9495259320
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax:
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Tech ID:
Tech Name: Domain Recovery
Tech Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Tech Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Tech City: Aliso Viejo
Tech State/Province: California
Tech Postal Code: 92656
Tech Country: United States
Tech Phone: +1.9495259320
Tech Phone Ext:
Tech Fax:
Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 37
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 102 of 128

Name Server: NS1.CITIZENHAWK.NET


Name Server: NS2.CITIZENHAWK.NET
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 38


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 103 of 128

Whois Record on Feb 14, 2014 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2013-05-23 12:08:38
Creation Date: 2012-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2014-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.480-624-2505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID:
Registrant Name: Domain Recovery
Registrant Organization: LegalZoom.com
Registrant Street: 101 N. Brand Blvd., 11th Floor
Registrant City: Glendale
Registrant State/Province: California
Registrant Postal Code: 91203
Registrant Country: United States
Registrant Phone: +1.3239628600
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax:
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Admin ID:
Admin Name: Domain Recovery
Admin Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Admin Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Admin City: Aliso Viejo
Admin State/Province: California
Admin Postal Code: 92656
Admin Country: United States
Admin Phone: +1.9495259320
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax:
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Tech ID:
Tech Name: Domain Recovery
Tech Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Tech Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Tech City: Aliso Viejo
Tech State/Province: California
Tech Postal Code: 92656
Tech Country: United States
Tech Phone: +1.9495259320
Tech Phone Ext:
Tech Fax:
Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 39
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 104 of 128

Name Server: NS1.CITIZENHAWK.NET


Name Server: NS2.CITIZENHAWK.NET
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 40


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 105 of 128

Whois Record on Dec 9, 2013 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1725983466_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.godaddy.com
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Update Date: 2013-05-23 12:08:38
Creation Date: 2012-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar Registration Expiration Date: 2014-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrar IANA ID: 146
Registrar Abuse Contact Email: abuse@godaddy.com
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone: +1.480-624-2505
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited
Domain Status: clientRenewProhibited
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited
Registry Registrant ID:
Registrant Name: Domain Recovery
Registrant Organization: LegalZoom.com
Registrant Street: 101 N. Brand Blvd., 11th Floor
Registrant City: Glendale
Registrant State/Province: California
Registrant Postal Code: 91203
Registrant Country: United States
Registrant Phone: +1.3239628600
Registrant Phone Ext:
Registrant Fax:
Registrant Fax Ext:
Registrant Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Admin ID:
Admin Name: Domain Recovery
Admin Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Admin Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Admin City: Aliso Viejo
Admin State/Province: California
Admin Postal Code: 92656
Admin Country: United States
Admin Phone: +1.9495259320
Admin Phone Ext:
Admin Fax:
Admin Fax Ext:
Admin Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Registry Tech ID:
Tech Name: Domain Recovery
Tech Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Tech Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Tech City: Aliso Viejo
Tech State/Province: California
Tech Postal Code: 92656
Tech Country: United States
Tech Phone: +1.9495259320
Tech Phone Ext:
Tech Fax:
Tech Fax Ext:
Tech Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 41
Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 106 of 128

Name Server: NS1.CITIZENHAWK.NET


Name Server: NS2.CITIZENHAWK.NET
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN WHOIS Data Problem Reporting System: http://wdprs.internic.net/

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 42


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 107 of 128

Whois Record on Aug 6, 2013 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Registrar URL: http://www.godaddy.com
Updated Date: 2013-05-23 12:08:38
Creation Date: 2012-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar Expiration Date: 2014-06-08 08:54:47
Registrar: GoDaddy.com, LLC
Registrant Name: Domain Recovery
Registrant Organization: LegalZoom.com
Registrant Street: 101 N. Brand Blvd., 11th Floor
Registrant City: Glendale
Registrant State/Province: California
Registrant Postal Code: 91203
Registrant Country: United States
Admin Name: Domain Recovery
Admin Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Admin Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Admin City: Aliso Viejo
Admin State/Province: California
Admin Postal Code: 92656
Admin Country: United States
Admin Phone: +1.9495259320
Admin Fax:
Admin Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Tech Name: Domain Recovery
Tech Organization: CitizenHawk, Inc.
Tech Street: 27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Tech City: Aliso Viejo
Tech State/Province: California
Tech Postal Code: 92656
Tech Country: United States
Tech Phone: +1.9495259320
Tech Fax:
Tech Email: domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
Name Server: NS1.CITIZENHAWK.NET
Name Server: NS2.CITIZENHAWK.NET

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 43


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 108 of 128

Whois Record on Jun 6, 2013 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Registered through: GoDaddy.com, LLC (http://www.godaddy.com)
Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Created on: 08-Jun-12
Expires on: 08-Jun-14
Last Updated on: 23-May-13

Registrant:
LegalZoom.com
101 N. Brand Blvd., 11th Floor
Glendale, California 91203
United States

Administrative Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320

Technical Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320

Domain servers in listed order:


NS1.CITIZENHAWK.NET
NS2.CITIZENHAWK.NET

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 44


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 109 of 128

Whois Record on Apr 12, 2013 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Registered through: GoDaddy.com, LLC (http://www.godaddy.com)
Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Created on: 08-Jun-12
Expires on: 08-Jun-13
Last Updated on: 08-Jun-12

Registrant:
LegalZoom.com
101 N. Brand Blvd., 11th Floor
Glendale, California 91203
United States

Administrative Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320

Technical Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320

Domain servers in listed order:


NS1.CITIZENHAWK.NET
NS2.CITIZENHAWK.NET

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 45


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 110 of 128

Whois Record on Nov 5, 2012 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Registered through: GoDaddy.com, LLC (http://www.godaddy.com)
Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Created on: 08-Jun-12
Expires on: 08-Jun-13
Last Updated on: 08-Jun-12

Registrant:
LegalZoom
7083 Hollywood Blvd., Suite 180
Los Angeles, California 90028
United States

Administrative Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320

Technical Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320

Domain servers in listed order:


NS1.CITIZENHAWK.NET
NS2.CITIZENHAWK.NET

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 46


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 111 of 128

Whois Record on Jun 11, 2012 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Registrant:
LegalZoom
7083 Hollywood Blvd., Suite 180
Los Angeles, California 90028
United States

Registered through: GoDaddy.com, LLC (http://www.godaddy.com)


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Created on: 08-Jun-12
Expires on: 08-Jun-13
Last Updated on: 08-Jun-12

Administrative Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320

Technical Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320

Domain servers in listed order:


NS1.CITIZENHAWK.NET
NS2.CITIZENHAWK.NET

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 47


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 112 of 128

Whois Record on Jun 9, 2012 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Registrant:
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States

Registered through: GoDaddy.com, LLC (http://www.godaddy.com)


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Created on: 08-Jun-12
Expires on: 08-Jun-13
Last Updated on: 08-Jun-12

Administrative Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320

Technical Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320

Domain servers in listed order:


NS1.CITIZENHAWK.NET
NS2.CITIZENHAWK.NET

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 48


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 113 of 128

Whois Record on Mar 1, 2012 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Registrant:
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States

Registered through: GoDaddy.com, LLC (http://www.godaddy.com)


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Created on: 06-Dec-11
Expires on: 06-Dec-12
Last Updated on: 06-Dec-11

Administrative Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320 Fax --

Technical Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320 Fax --

Domain servers in listed order:


NS29.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
NS30.DOMAINCONTROL.COM

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 49


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 114 of 128

Whois Record on Feb 18, 2012 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Registrant:
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States

Registered through: Go Daddy


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Created on: 06-Dec-11
Expires on: 06-Dec-12
Last Updated on: 06-Dec-11

Administrative Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320 Fax --

Technical Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
+1.9495259320 Fax --

Domain servers in listed order:


NS73.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
NS74.DOMAINCONTROL.COM

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 50


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 115 of 128

Whois Record on Dec 8, 2011 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Registrant:
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States

Registered through: GoDaddy.com, Inc. (http://www.godaddy.com)


Domain Name: LEGALZOOMTRADEMARKIA.COM
Created on: 06-Dec-11
Expires on: 06-Dec-12
Last Updated on: 06-Dec-11

Administrative Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
(949) 525-9320 Fax --

Technical Contact:
Recovery, Domain domainrecovery@citizenhawk.com
CitizenHawk, Inc.
27068 La Paz Road, Suite 104
Aliso Viejo, California 92656
United States
(949) 525-9320 Fax --

Domain servers in listed order:


NS73.DOMAINCONTROL.COM
NS74.DOMAINCONTROL.COM

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 51


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 116 of 128

Whois Record on Apr 3, 2011 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Domain name: legalzoomtrademarkia.com

Registrant Contact:

Reactivation Period ()

Fax:
15801 NE 24th Street
Bellevue, WA 98004
US

Administrative Contact:

Reactivation Period (Reactivation-Pending@enom.com)


+1.4252744500
Fax: +1.4259744791
15801 NE 24th Street
Bellevue, WA 98004
US

Technical Contact:

Reactivation Period (Reactivation-Pending@enom.com)


+1.4252744500
Fax: +1.4259744791
15801 NE 24th Street
Bellevue, WA 98004
US

Status: Locked

Name Servers:
dns1.name-services.com
dns2.name-services.com
dns3.name-services.com
dns4.name-services.com
dns5.name-services.com

Creation date: 06 Feb 2010 18:12:19


Expiration date: 06 Feb 2011 18:12:19

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 52


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 117 of 128

Whois Record on Feb 8, 2011 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Registration Service Provided By: Namecheap.com
Contact: support@namecheap.com
Visit: http://namecheap.com

Domain name: legalzoomtrademarkia.com

Registrant Contact:
ABANDONED
ABANDONED ABANDONED ()

Fax:
ABANDONED
ABANDONED
ABANDONED, ABANDONED ABANDONED
US

Administrative Contact:
ABANDONED
ABANDONED ABANDONED (a@a.com)
+1.5555555
Fax: +1.5555555
ABANDONED
ABANDONED
ABANDONED, ABANDONED ABANDONED
US

Technical Contact:
ABANDONED
ABANDONED ABANDONED (a@a.com)
+1.5555555
Fax: +1.5555555
ABANDONED
ABANDONED
ABANDONED, ABANDONED ABANDONED
US

Status: Locked

Name Servers:
dns1.name-services.com
dns2.name-services.com
dns3.name-services.com
dns4.name-services.com
dns5.name-services.com

Creation date: 06 Feb 2010 18:12:19


Expiration date: 06 Feb 2011 18:12:19

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 53


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 118 of 128

Whois Record on Jul 23, 2010 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Registration Service Provided By: NameCheap.com
Contact: support@NameCheap.com
Visit: http://namecheap.com

Domain name: legalzoomtrademarkia.com

Registrant Contact:
ABANDONED
ABANDONED ABANDONED ()

Fax:
ABANDONED
ABANDONED
ABANDONED, ABANDONED ABANDONED
US

Administrative Contact:
ABANDONED
ABANDONED ABANDONED (a@a.com)
+1.5555555
Fax: +1.5555555
ABANDONED
ABANDONED
ABANDONED, ABANDONED ABANDONED
US

Technical Contact:
ABANDONED
ABANDONED ABANDONED (a@a.com)
+1.5555555
Fax: +1.5555555
ABANDONED
ABANDONED
ABANDONED, ABANDONED ABANDONED
US

Status: Locked

Name Servers:
ns1.softlayer.com
ns2.softlayer.com

Creation date: 06 Feb 2010 18:12:19


Expiration date: 06 Feb 2011 18:12:19

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 54


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 119 of 128

Whois Record on Feb 28, 2010 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Registration Service Provided By: NameCheap.com
Contact: support@NameCheap.com

Domain name: legalzoomtrademarkia.com

Registrant Contact:
self
Jolly Mathew ()

Fax:
19929 Stevens Creek
same
Cupertino, CA 95014
US

Administrative Contact:
self
Jolly Mathew (jollypmathew@gmail.com)
+1.6502125124
Fax: +1.65095212521
19929 Stevens Creek
same
Cupertino, CA 95014
US

Technical Contact:
self
Jolly Mathew (jollypmathew@gmail.com)
+1.6502125124
Fax: +1.65095212521
19929 Stevens Creek
same
Cupertino, CA 95014
US

Status: Locked

Name Servers:
ns1.softlayer.com
ns2.softlayer.com

Creation date: 06 Feb 2010 18:12:19


Expiration date: 06 Feb 2011 18:12:19

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 55


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 120 of 128

Whois Record on Feb 8, 2010 No adjacent screenshot


available for this date.
Registration Service Provided By: NameCheap.com
Contact: support@NameCheap.com
Visit: http://www.namecheap.com

Domain name: legalzoomtrademarkia.com

Registrant Contact:
self
Jolly Mathew ()

Fax:
19929 Stevens Creek
same
Cupertino, CA 95014
US

Administrative Contact:
self
Jolly Mathew (jollypmathew@gmail.com)
+1.6502125124
Fax: +1.65095212521
19929 Stevens Creek
same
Cupertino, CA 95014
US

Technical Contact:
self
Jolly Mathew (jollypmathew@gmail.com)
+1.6502125124
Fax: +1.65095212521
19929 Stevens Creek
same
Cupertino, CA 95014
US

Status: Locked

Name Servers:
dns1.registrar-servers.com
dns2.registrar-servers.com
dns3.registrar-servers.com

Creation date: 06 Feb 2010 18:12:19


Expiration date: 06 Feb 2011 18:12:19

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 56


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 121 of 128

Hosting History
DomainTools tracks changes to a domain name's IP address, name server and registrar. These
events can be useful signals that may indicate more macro events, including: domain name
sales, transfers or deletions; taking a site live with new content; or a change in registration or
hosting profile.

Registrar History

Date Registrar
Jan 19, 2017 GoDaddy.com
Mar 20, 2011 eNom.com

Name Server History

Event Date Action New Server Previous Server


Feb 28, 2015 Transfer domaincontrol.com a0f.net
May 21, 2014 Transfer a0f.net citizenhawk.net
Jun 9, 2012 New citizenhawk.net -
Apr 2, 2012 Delete - domaincontrol.com
Dec 8, 2011 New domaincontrol.com -
Mar 21, 2011 Delete - name-services.com
Feb 8, 2011 Transfer name-services.com softlayer.com
Feb 28, 2010 Transfer softlayer.com registrar-servers.com
Feb 8, 2010 New registrar-servers.com -

IP Address History

Event Date Action New IP Previous IP


Mar 6, 2015 Change 50.63.202.31 198.46.51.188
Feb 8, 2015 Change 198.46.51.188 198.46.51.193
Dec 31, 2014 Change 198.46.51.193 198.46.51.188
Aug 14, 2014 Change 198.46.51.188 198.46.51.193
Aug 2, 2014 Change 198.46.51.193 198.46.51.188
Jun 27, 2014 Change 198.46.51.188 198.46.51.193
May 21, 2014 Change 198.46.51.193 198.46.51.188
Apr 15, 2014 Change 198.46.51.188 206.80.47.82
Jun 20, 2012 New 206.80.47.82 -
Apr 7, 2012 Not Resolvable - 68.178.232.100
Dec 11, 2011 New 68.178.232.100 -
Mar 30, 2011 Not Resolvable - 8.5.1.47
Feb 8, 2011 New 8.5.1.47 -
Jul 3, 2010 Not Resolvable - 208.43.136.74
Feb 28, 2010 New 208.43.136.74 -

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 57


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 122 of 128

Screenshot History
DomainTools captures snapshots of website homepages on regular intervals. This content is
useful for researchers to understand how a domain was used at various points in time. Due to the
relatively high storage costs of screenshot data, the coverage of screenshot histories is in most
cases not as thorough as Whois or hosting data, and this is especially true for dates early in a
domain's history.

DomainTools has 5 records collected between Apr 3, 2014 and Mar 27, 2017.

Mar 27, 2017 Jul 15, 2016 Dec 2, 2015

Mar 17, 2015 Apr 3, 2014

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 58


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 123 of 128

Connected Domains
Shared IP Address
DomainTools uses proprietary techniques to discover other domain names that are hosted on the
same IP address (web host) as LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com. This is a sample of up to 100
randomly-selected domains from that dataset. Access to this data provides context in cases
where knowing associated domain names has value.

The exhaustive list of connected domains by IP address is available in the Reverse IP product at
DomainTools.com.

Domain Created Registrant


2momsonamission.com Mar 1, 2018 Domains By Proxy, LLC
acadianatees.com - -
alisupnorthfoodspirits.com - -
allsandiego4sale.com Mar 12, 2013 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
angusgloverwilson.com - -
bellinghamchrysler.com - -
bestteashopindetroit.com - -
bonafidebeancoffee.ca Jun 12, 2015 Bonafidebeancoffee.ca
bozone.biz Dec 13, 2003 Bozeman Entertainment
cantoniphonerepairs.com Sep 27, 2017 Domains By Proxy, LLC
caylymtech.com - -
chadhart.us Jan 30, 2003 Chad Hart
circulationmassage.com Nov 1, 2017 Arkacia Ventures
citizenwayne.com Feb 29, 2012 Lynchpin Creative
clarissabreathtakingjewelry.com Sep 9, 2017 Clarissabreathtakingjewelry.com
climb-smart.ca Nov 20, 2016 Climb-smart.ca
cloudsdnetwork.com Jul 26, 2016 Accent Communication Services
cmarkos.com Aug 18, 2017 Domains By Proxy, LLC
coderedsafetystaffing.com - -
colemanstreet.com Oct 11, 2000 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
comehomerapidcity.com Apr 8, 2014 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
commonscents4u.org Aug 23, 2014 Domains By Proxy, LLC
comstock4congress.info Dec 21, 2013 Forest Financial Services Inc.
constableposse.com Sep 15, 2011 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
coopinsurancenetwork.com Jun 20, 2016 CharitySelect
coresalentino.ch May 4, 2017 Sicuro Massimiliano
craigshometours.com - -
crowdswag.ca Aug 14, 2014 Crowdswag.ca
csjudd.net - -
danishrestaurant.com Sep 17, 1999 Domain Name For Sale
dermatologica.co Oct 5, 2015 GLORIA PATRICIA OCHOA

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 59


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 124 of 128

designersinkingston.com - -
dhtaylorjewelry.com - -
dontgetmarried.org Mar 31, 2012 Domains By Proxy, LLC
dqc.us Mar 13, 2015 XBRL US, Inc.
eggharborsforsale.com - -
employmentforall.info Mar 7, 2014 Devin Malone
femalevoiceover.co Apr 29, 2014 M Exelberth
findaloaninutah.com Mar 16, 2009 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
frankac.com - -
frenchmansyachtclubresales.com - -
go1travel.net - -
governmentassetsrecoverygroup.com - -
grassfed.xyz Mar 1, 2017 Cullen Bond
healdsburghospital.org Aug 25, 2011 Domains By Proxy, LLC
helenlarsen.com - -
hillaryblock.com Feb 6, 2018 Domains By Proxy, LLC
hillcrestclassiccarshow.org Jul 18, 2017 Hillcrest Business Association
hologramrevelations.com Mar 11, 2017 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
hooaah.se May 14, 2011 Hooaah.se
hookandcrow.com - -
inspiruscreditunion.info Mar 26, 2015 Sherry Lotze
iscypherfastyet.com Mar 22, 2014 Neo Technology
jillypopmusic.com Mar 23, 2014 Domains By Proxy, LLC
joetrapuzzano.com Jul 27, 2010 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
jpadi.com - -
kentlay.com - -
lbvx.com - -
lifetalkstheseries.com - -
lookatme.jp Dec 11, 2012 Rus Littleson
lsdxa.org Sep 23, 2010 Lone Star DX Association
marijuana-realestate.com Oct 30, 2012 Domains By Proxy, LLC
matta.info Oct 26, 2004 matta.ca
mcnuttservices.com Oct 15, 2015 Mcnuttservices.com
mid-americaservices.com - -
misshuntingtonbeachscholarshippageant.org Jun 29, 2017 Surf City Consulting, LLC
moveplaylearn.org Oct 3, 2017 WriteCraft Enterprises
mychargingcenter.com Mar 25, 2011 MEYDAM CVBA
mymakeupgypsy.com Apr 7, 2016 Younique
nyweightlosscenters.org Jan 28, 2015 Dr. Enrico Ferdico
obagisonoma.com - -
ohmypromos.com - -
ourfatherschapel.org Mar 11, 2013 Dean Anderson
pasadena21122.com - -

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Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 125 of 128

polkascenezine.photography Jun 10, 2015 Vera Gavrilovic


portraitsfaith.org Mar 23, 2010 Daniel Epstein
ramboopenborders.com Jan 24, 2018 Domains By Proxy, LLC
rapabyebabymusic.com Sep 21, 2007 CMH Records, Inc.
redcanconsulting.in Dec 9, 2015 redcan it services
rhinonation.team Apr 4, 2017 Tim Wilkinson
selfpayworks.net Feb 17, 2015 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
selldhl.us Jan 13, 2014 DHL
sellourgeorgiahome.com - -
she-knowsrealestate.com Nov 10, 2015 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
simplerent.org Aug 19, 2003 Tony Zucaro
skyrocketseoservices.com Nov 13, 2013 Skyrocket Solutions
spotlight.media Jul 22, 2014 Domains By Proxy, LLC
temptronic-sigmasystems.com Jan 21, 2009 inTEST Thermal Solutions
termhealthinsurance.com Feb 21, 2003 HealthPocket, Inc
tintfxs.com - -
tipsytree.co.uk May 28, 2013 Tipsy Tree
trinitifinewine.com Oct 3, 2017 Paradyse Development
twinkleberry.co Oct 19, 2017 Twinkleberry Signs Designs
txmedcialcenterflorist.com - -
vermedx.com - -
virtualbludreams.com Apr 22, 2002 Metro Interactive, LLC
wait4bid.com - -
warehouseone.us Mar 15, 2013 Warehouse One, Inc.
wepromoteyourbiz.com - -
youraccessorydealer.com Mar 22, 2018 Domains By Proxy, LLC

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 61


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 126 of 128

Shared Name Server


DomainTools uses proprietary techniques to discover other domain names that are hosted on the
same name server as LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com. This is a sample of up to 100
randomly-selected domains from that dataset. Access to this data provides context in cases
where knowing associated domain names has value.

The exhaustive list of connected domains by name server is available in the Name Server Report
product at DomainTools.com.

Domain Created Registrant


786madinah.com - -
advika.co Aug 7, 2010 Arun Handa
anneanimus.com - -
antalyakizlikzaridikimi.xyz May 13, 2017 Domains By Proxy, LLC
apexnd.net Mar 11, 2013 Apex Performance LLC
appartementchampery.com - -
astroexcursion.com Sep 27, 2017 TPS Enterprises, Inc.
asyavip62.com - -
avalontowersbellevue.net Apr 5, 2010 REALPAGE, INC
ayurdeyal.com Nov 11, 2010 B-Ghud
bdiamondcfarm.com - -
bgilsonbrownfieldinsurance.com - -
bluedotco.net Apr 27, 2017 Domains By Proxy, LLC
cagoldus.com Mar 11, 2014 Liquid 9
carox.co.uk Feb 2, 2018 Name withheld. This Registrant is using a privacy
service.
charlottechapman.photography Nov 15, 2017 Craig McNicholas
claridgestrustco.net - -
cloudedgrnethome.life Nov 6, 2017 Tarang Rana
clublynx.com Mar 9, 1998 Domain Name Marketplace
comercialtiktak.com Apr 16, 2017 Domains By Proxy, LLC
cooperhistoricwindows.com Jan 24, 2018 Cooperhistoricwindows.com
couponol.com - -
crevine.net Nov 18, 2011 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
crossminton.net - -
cryptosecurities.io Dec 31, 2015 Lior Zysman
cryptosolutionsinc.com Sep 30, 2017 9220 2118 Quebec inc
csakiosk.biz Jun 5, 2014 Domains By Proxy, LLC
csbrownmusic.com - -
currymasalaindowntown.com - -
deconetworks.miami Nov 13, 2015 DecoNetworks, LLC
dennis-cheung.com - -
digitalcivilwar.com - -
driverless-lawyers.com - -
easternative.com Mar 28, 2011 Easternative

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 62


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 127 of 128

fillmorelaundromat.com - -
firstrespondershillclimb.com - -
floridahomesearcher.com Mar 22, 2017 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
gemandwire.com - -
geteyesonyou.net - -
getthering.org Sep 25, 2013 Institute of Romantic Research
gewan-qatar.com Mar 22, 2018 UDC
goodies2go.ca Feb 17, 2010 Goodies2go.ca
hcequestrianpropertycollection.com - -
heysignmeup.com - -
hispanicmarket.net - -
hittingtruth.com - -
houseofnoise.xyz Sep 13, 2017 Engrave Studio
huckleberryparlor.com - -
impactcases.ca May 19, 2014 Impactcases.ca
interiorsbylwb.com Jul 19, 2017 Interiorsbylwb.com
jeevanipdx.com Dec 1, 2014 Domains By Proxy, LLC
juniorgolfdc.com - -
kc504designs.com - -
kwrealestatenyc.com - -
lainged.com - -
lightsheerflorida.com Oct 2, 2017 EUROPIEL SINERGIA S DE RL DE CV
mahakenterprizes.com - -
matcall.com - -
memberlogin.co Mar 1, 2013 Infosigma Pte Ltd
mipublicnotice.org May 7, 2013 Michigan Association of Broadcasters
mostwantedtours.com Oct 19, 2012 Most Wanted Advertising, Inc.
mygraincanada.info Oct 30, 2017 Domains By Proxy, LLC
mypremierprinting.com - -
neuh.org Nov 2, 2016 Global Medical Assistance Ltd.
nordined.com - -
nutritionaltherapyformen.com - -
penism.com Nov 24, 2003 SterlingDavenport
pinkvacation.com Oct 27, 2005 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
poker-israel.com Mar 22, 2017 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
professionalburnout.com - -
provenhealthtips.info Mar 25, 2016 Albino Estrada
rcmpvets-kingston.ca May 14, 2002 Bryan Neville
roarimagephotography.com Apr 13, 2015 Roarimagephotography.com
sekuredisplay.com Dec 10, 2013 Se-Kure Controls, Inc.
sentrid.io May 14, 2015 Edward Curren
seoforthegreatergood.net - -
servicezimmer.com - -

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 63


Case 3:17-cv-07194-MMC Document 129-1 Filed 06/08/18 Page 128 of 128

shopnoea.com Oct 10, 2017 Shopnoea.com


sitecharuba.com Oct 24, 2017 Sitech aruba
smartypantspreschool.me Jun 24, 2010 Smarty Pants Preschool and Kindergarten
socialcollection.in Jun 14, 2016 London Hotels Corporation
tentprofile.eu - Tentprofile.eu
thebowengroups.com Mar 2, 2010 Domains By Proxy, LLC
thecornercoworking.com Mar 14, 2018 Domains By Proxy, LLC
thepatchmullum.com Dec 18, 2017 ANDY HOLT
thewarriorlighthouse.com Dec 27, 2017 Thewarriorlighthouse.com
thewildhareflowerswh.net - -
timessquarepsychics.tv Apr 9, 2013 The Learning annex
trentonltd.com Nov 25, 2015 Domains By Proxy, LLC
truewayfellowshipchurches.org Oct 17, 2014 Trueway Fellowship Churches
valdagame.com Mar 17, 2017 ACNI
vendingsolutions.com.co Aug 27, 2017 Arguzsoft
viagirls.co Feb 25, 2015 Domains By Proxy, LLC
vitalgsd.com Apr 3, 2018 ******** ******** (see Notes section below on how to
view unmasked data)
waltonmedical.com - -
welcomephotostudio.com - -
whirly-birds.com Dec 11, 2016 Domains By Proxy, LLC
whothoughtofthat.com - -
wilkesborochurch.com Sep 25, 2012 Spectrum Hospitality Management
z35tt.com - -

LegalZoomtRademarkIa.com © 2018 DomainTools, LLC All Rights Reserved 64