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1.

The most important part of casing


hanger is…

Slip and seal ring


2. How to get the value of reservoir
pressure?

 DST (Drill stem test)


 RFT (repeat Formation Test)
 Well Test (Pressure Build-up and Drawdown
Test)
3. What is the use of rotary slip?

An assembly to open the joint


4. What are the rheology characteristics?

Plastic Viscosity, Yield Point, Gel Strength


5. What is the function of work over?

Operations to make conditions of well production


to be normal back or stable
6. What are the caused of SP readings?

SP readings are caused by the differences in


salinities between mud filtrate and formation
waters in permeable beds
7. What is the correlation between salinity
of a fluid and resistivity?

Salinity of a fluid is inversely proportional to its


resistivity.
8. What kind of tool that MWD’s method
use?

MWD method measures formation properties


using special drill collar housing measuring
device at the time formation being drilled
9. What is the function of pigging?

Cleaning the pipe from paraffin


10.Thin
laminated beds can be occurred
when…

The thickness of every lithology layers is less than


the vertical resolution
11.A radioactivity log, which also known as
a radiation log or a nuclear log, normally
consists of two recorded curves, which
are…

Gamma ray curve and neutron curve


12.What is datum pressure?

Datum Pressure is the bottom hole pressure


corrected to a specific sea or subsea levels
13.What is the abbreviation of IADC?

International Association Drilling Contractors


14.What is WHA stands for?

Well Head Assembly


15.What is the meaning of continuous
flow?

An interrupted flow of the well fluid resulting from


aeration and expansive action of input gas
16.A well with neither damage nor
stimulation has a flow efficiency value
that equals…

1 (One)
17.Atype of LWD, where the tools are
encompassed in a single module in the
steering tool of the drill string, at the
end of the drilling apparatus (or the
bottom hole assembly) is…

Measurements While Drilling (MWD)


18.What is the function of Wall Scratcher?

To clean up the mud cake that stuck in the


borehole
19.Atype of log that is used in well that do
not use mud or water, but oil-based
drilling fluids or air is…

Induction Log
20.Modern resistivity logging tools falls into
two categories, which are…

Laterolog and Induction


21.What is velocity string?

Velocity string is a small-diameter tubing string


that runs inside the production tubing of a well
as a remedial treatment to resolve liquid-
loading problems.
22.Centrifugal pump can be used for…

Super charging pump, mixing pump, water cooling


pump, and fluid mover for degasser, desander,
desilter
23.Whatis the main function of hoisting
system?

To hold the drilling and production equipment


during drilling process or maintenance at the
surface
24.Where is crown block located?

At the top of the rig


25.Alogging tool that measures resistivity
(Rt) and best suited tool for boreholes
which contain salt water based mud is…

Deep Laterolog
26.When Rmf = Rw, it indicates that the
porosity is…

0 (Zero)
27.Field
calibration could be done by
using…

Magnesium and Aluminum


28.Atool which is best suited for borehole
that contain salt water based mud is…

Deep Laterolog
29.Mention 3 size of drill pipe that usually
used in oil field

2 3/8”, 2 7/8”, 3 ½”, 4”, 4 ½”, 5”, 5 ½”, 6 5/8”


30.How many liner that Quintuplex pump
has?

5
31.What is micro annulus?

Micro annulus is the space between the outside of


coiled tubing and the inside of conventional
tubing.
32.What are methods that used to
calculate water saturation?

Simandoux, Waxman-Smith, and Ferti


33.On what condition the pressure reached
the critical state?

When the downstream pressure is equal to the


half of upstream pressure.
34.Mention 4 (four) methods of artificial
lift..

ESP, Beam Pumping, Gas Lift, and Hydraulic


Pumping Unit
35.What is the meaning of intermittent
flow?

Head or slug type flow, which is accomplished


primarily by displacement of fluid by
intermittent injection of lift gas
36.Acid
movement in the porous media
depends on…

Acid concentration, mineral type of rock, and


layer temperature
37.Mention3 (three) functions of
wellhead…

To hold conductor / surface casing, to hang


intermediate casing, and to place the BOP
Stack
38.Which is older the heavy oil or the light
oil?

Light oil
39.Mention 2 (two) types of X–mas tree…

Single arm and double arm


40.Whatis the national oil company of
mexico?

Pemex (Petroleos Mexicanos)


41.Production packer for gas lift is used
for…

For separating gas injection with productive zone


42.What is subsurface safety valve?

A safety device installed in the upper wellbore to


provide emergency closure of the producing
conduits in the event of an emergency
43.Todrain the fluid to the surface, the
value of hydrostatic pressure must be.
….than the reservoir pressure.
(Complete the sentence!)

Less than
44.SP log, Gamma Ray log, and Microlog
are types of wireline logging that used
to identify…

Formation thickness
45.Why doesn’t Electric Submersible Pump
use packer?

So that the gas can enter the valve


46.Atool that is used to measure resistivity
by sending electric current directly to
the formation is…

Laterolog
47.What is the name of the tool used to
control the well pressure?

Back Pressure Manifold


48.The name of the tool used to know the
position and condition of the fish in the
wellbore

Impression Block
49.What is the abbreviation of ECD?

Equivalent Circulating Density


50.A tool that is used to prove the existence of
hydrocarbon in the formation on reservoir
capacity and its ability to produce fluid is…

 Drilling Steam Test (DST)


51.What will happen to the well flowing
pressure if gas is injected to the well?

 The well flowing pressure will be decreased


52.What type of Electric Submersible Pump
protector that is not allowed the formation
water to enter the well?

 Positive seal
53.The most common solid added to muds to
increase density is…

 Barite
54.What is the name of thermodynamic
process in which the temperature is
constant?

 Isothermal process
55. Give a scientific term: They are estimated volumes of
crude oil, condensate, natural gas, natural gas
liquids, and associated substances anticipated to be
commercially recoverable from known accumulations
from a given date forward, under existing economic
conditions, by established operating practices, and
under current government regulations. Its estimations
based on geologic and/or engineering data available
at the time of estimate.

 Reserves
56.A part of petroleum science that
provides the technical basis for the
recovery of petroleum fluids from
subsurface sedimentary-rock reservoirs
is…

 Reservoir engineering
57.What is OWC (oil water contact)?

 A surface separating the oil zone from the


underlying water zone. Below the OWC, oil is
generally absent
58.It may be defined as the pressure
difference across a curved interface
between two immiscible fluids. What is
it?

 Capillary pressure
59.Mention 5 (five) function of mud…

 To move up cutting,
 cover the wellbore wall,
 keep the formation pressure,
 logging media,
 keep the drill string,
 corrosion prevention
60.At which temperature point does steam
begin to be cloudy and changed to be
liquid phase?

 Dew point
61.The ratio of the density (mass of a unit
volume) of a substance to the density
(mass of the same unit volume) of a
reference substance is called...

 Specific gravity
62.There are 3 kinds of well stimulation,
which are?

 Acidizing,
 explosive fracturing,
 hydraulic fracturing
63.What is CBM stand for?

 Coal bed methane


64.Conventional , air balance, mark II
unitorque and beam balance are types
of...

 Beam pumping unit


65.High-pressure separator units handle
pressure of within range…

 975 – 1500 psi


66.Clay swelling can be caused by…

 Ion exchange or changes in salinity


67.What is the function of pump intake?

 Separating oil and gas


68.In fishing job, when a fish is difficult to
grip, what kind of pipe that we use?

 Wash over Pipe or Wash pipe


69.A common type of acid employed on wells to
stimulate production, which are useful in
removing carbonate reservoirs, or limestone
and dolomites, from the rock is…

 Hydrochloric Acid (HCl)


70.Law, which applied in calculating and
predicting flow rates from the reservoir
into the wellbore, is…

 Darcy’s Equation
71.What are the 2 (two) most common
petroleum reservoir rocks?

 Sandstones and carbonates (limestone and


dolomite)
72.A type of log that shows the permeability of the
rocks in the well by calculating the electrical
currents generated between the drilling fluids and
formation water held in the pore spaces is...

 Spontaneous Potential (SP) Log


73.What is the function of barite?

 To increase the weight


74.What is the used of packer fluid?

 Packer fluid is used to reduce the pressure


differential between annulus and pipes or
between zones, which is limited by packer
75.Mention 4 type of coupling thread for
casing released by API…

 Round thread casing,


 buttress thread casing,
 extreme line casing,
 vam casing
76.Mention 3 cementing program
equipment used for 2 stage cementing?

 Dual stage casing collar, metal petal basket,


external casing packer
77.Crown –O- matic break is used for...

 Preventing travelling block hit the crown block


in round trip job
78.What is the different between igneous
rock and metamorphic rocks?

 Igneous rocks have crystallized from a hot,


molten liquid (they are formed when a molten
melt is cooled, there is two types of igneous
rocks, which are plutonic and volcanic). While
metamorphic rocks have been recrystallized
from other rocks under high temperatures and
pressures (they are any rocks that have been
altered by high heat and pressure)
79.What is the function of bottom plug?

 To separated cement with cement slurry


80.Mention 3 (three) types of rocks, which
can make up the earth’s crust?

 Igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic.


81

 This artificial system uses a helical screw rotar to formed a


travelling sealed cavity (Progressive Cavity Pump)
 82

An uncontrolled discharge of formation fluid out of the


wellbore (Blowout)
 83

This is the act of pulling the drill string out of hole or putting it
in the hole. (Tripping)
 84

Identify the type of well that is equipped with pressure


monitoring systems to determine the extent of propogation of
the pressure transient from the producing wells into the reservoir
(Observation Well)
 85

Which continent is currently the worlds largest petroleum consumer?


(Asia)
 86

The US imports about 9 billion barrels of crude oil a year. Which


country is leading supplier to the US? (Canada)
 87

What is welded to the first string of casing in the well and


attaches the bop stack to the well? (Casing Heading
 88

7. How many times per year is SPE magazine


The Way Ahead published? (3)
 89

7. What is the API gravity of the benchmark


crude West Texas Intermediate (39.6)
 90

7. Containing 4% of world oil reserves and name


this country covering 1/8 of the world
inhabitable land area. (Russia)
 91

7. Name four mechanisms that cause a reservoir


to produce in it's initial phase. ("Gas Cap
Drive, Solution Gas Drive, Gravity Drive,
Water Drive “)
 92

7. The measure of heat energy to raise the


temperature of 1 pound of water by 1 degree
Fahrenheit is known as what? (BTU)
 93

13. With untapped easy oil and proven oil reserves


of 115 Billion bbl this country may become a
top producer and exporter alongside Saudi
Arabia. (Iraq)
 94

13. "If an operator signs to pay an exact cost to a


contractor, regardless of any possible new
expenses, the transaction is known as what?“
(Turn Key)
 95

13. According to the standard geologic time scale,


what epoch are we currently in?“ (Halocene)
 96

13. Name the term that is used to describe the


gas accumulated on the surface of a material,
such as the grain of a reservoir rock, or more
particularly the organic particles in a shale
reservoir.“ (Adsorbed Gas)
 97

13. The chloride concentration in drilling fluids can


be determined by titrating with what chemical
solution? (Silver Nitrate Solution)
 98

13. What are the units for the non-Darcy flow


coefficient Beta that is used in Forcheimer's
equation? (1/length)
19. What is the name for a cut off in time that has the effect of
eliminating some kinds of noise from seismic data? (Tail mute)
 100.Name the man who in 1940 drilled the first directional well?
(Robert Richardson
101.Name the special tool used by the rig crew to prevent the drill
bit from turning. (Bit Breaker)
102. Hydrates are icelike structures made of what? (Gas and
water)
 103 "Refining of crude oil was initially focused on
forming this substance, used primarily in lamps.“
(Kerosene)
 104
19. Name the second largest exporter of LNG.
(Malaysia)
 105

19. During this process natural gas is condensed


and cooled while harmful components such as
dust, acid gas, helium, water, and heavy
hydrocarbons are removed.“ (Liquefaction)
106. This device is used to measure the viscosity of a fluid.
(Viscometer)
107 "In drilling, this is the term used to describe the height of a
fluid column.“ (Hydrostatic Head)
108. This type of system is used to steer the drill bit while the pipe
is rotating. (Rotary Steerable System)
109. This procedure enhances production removing
near well formation damage and increasing the
effective well radius. (acidizing)
110. In drilling fluids, this device is used to
separate components of a used drilling fluid to
estimate the amount of fluid invasion from a
reservoir.“ (Retort)
 111.A porosity-resistivity crossplot is a convenient method for
deriving formation water resistivity. Name one of the two
commonly used crossplots.
 1) Hingle Plot
 2) Pickett Plot.
 112.Name 2 principles through which heat can be transferred.
 1) Conduction
 2) Convection
 3) Radiation
 113.A fluid flow process in which the saturation of the wetting
phase increases and the non wetting phase saturation decrease
is defined?
 Answer: Imbibition
 114.Generally refers to any well that does not produce oil or gas
in commercial quantities
 Answer: dry hole
 115.Geological term denoting a break in the subsurface strata.
 Answer: fault
 116.Common term for wellbore.
 Answer: hole
 7. Platform on which the derrick hand works during the time the crew is making a trip

 Answer: monkey board

 8. Act of placing cement plugs in a hole to prevent unwanted vertical migration in an abandoned well.

 Answer: plug and abandon

 9. Drilling in which the hole size is smaller than the conventional hole diameter, enabling the operator to run smaller casing, thereby decreasing the cost of completion

 Answer: Slim Hole Drilling

 10. A centralizer installed in the drill string to center the string in the hole and to stiffen the string to resist bending and deviation.
 Answer: STABILIZER

 11. Drill pipe, casing, or tubing that cannot be worked in or out of the hole as desired. Answer: STUCK PIPE

 12. Method of drilling in which the drill pipe is rotated to rotate a bit.
 Answer: ROTARY DRILLING

 13. Subsurface geological feature capable of acting as a reservoir for oil and/or gas.
 Answer: STRUCTURE

 14. Any geological structure which precludes the migration of oil and gas through subsurface rocks, causing the hydrocarbons to accumulate into pools.
 Answer: TRAP

 15. Recording information about subsurface geologic formations; methods include records kept by the driller, mud and cutting analysis, core analysis, drill stem tests, electric and radioactivity procedures.
 Answer: WELL LOGGING

 16. Organic chemical compounds of hydrogen and carbon whose densities, boiling points, and freezing points increase as their molecular weights increase. The molecular structure of the most common petroleum hydrocarbon compounds varies from the simplest - methane, a constituent of natural gas - to the very heavy and complex. Answer: HYDROCARBONS

 17. Free gas, separate from, but overlying an oil zone that occurs within the same producing formation as oil. Since gas is lighter, it occupies the upper part of the reservoir.
 Answer: GAS CAP

 18. Clamp which grips a stand or column of casing, tubing, drill pipe, or sucker rods so that it can be raised or lowered into the hole.
 Answer: ELEVATOR

 19. Exploratory well which discovers a new oil/gas field (see WILDCAT).
 Answer: DISCOVERY WELL
 20. Mixture of pentanes and heavier hydrocarbons that may be contaminated with sulfur compounds and is recovered or recoverable form an underground reservoir. It is gaseous in its virgin state but is liquid under the conditions at which its volume is measured.
 Answer: CONDENSATE

 21. Cylindrical sample taken from a formation for the purpose of examination or analysis. Answer: CORE

 22. When production is stopped from a well that is depleted and no longer capable of producing profitably. A wildcat well may also be abandoned after it has been determined that it will not produce.
 Answer: ABANDON

 23. Uncontrolled flow of gas, oil, or other well fluids from a well during drilling due to formation pressure exceeding the pressure exerted by the column of drilling mud. Answer: BLOWOUT

 24. Arched stratified rock structure with layers dipping downward in opposite directions from the crest.
 Answer: ANTICLINE

 25. Impermeable rock overlying an oil or gas reservoir that tends to prevent migration of the reservoir fluids from the reservoir.
 Answer: CAP ROCK

 26. Cycling of the drilling


 117.Platform on which the derrick hand works during the time
the crew is making a trip

 Answer: monkey board


 118.Act of placing cement plugs in a hole to prevent unwanted
vertical migration in an abandoned well.

 Answer: plug and abandon


 119.Drilling in which the hole size is smaller than the
conventional hole diameter, enabling the operator to run smaller
casing, thereby decreasing the cost of completion

 Answer: Slim Hole Drilling


 120.A centralizer installed in the drill string to center the string in
the hole and to stiffen the string to resist bending and deviation.
 Answer: STABILIZER
 121.Drill pipe, casing, or tubing that cannot be worked in or out
of the hole as desired. Answer: STUCK PIPE
 122.Method of drilling in which the drill pipe is rotated to rotate a
bit.
 Answer: ROTARY DRILLING
 123.Subsurface geological feature capable of acting as a
reservoir for oil and/or gas.
 Answer: STRUCTURE
 124.Any geological structure which precludes the migration of oil
and gas through subsurface rocks, causing the hydrocarbons to
accumulate into pools.
 Answer: TRAP
 125.Recording information about subsurface geologic formations;
methods include records kept by the driller, mud and cutting
analysis, core analysis, drill stem tests, electric and radioactivity
procedures.
 Answer: WELL LOGGING
 126.Organic chemical compounds of hydrogen and carbon whose
densities, boiling points, and freezing points increase as their
molecular weights increase. The molecular structure of the most
common petroleum hydrocarbon compounds varies from the
simplest - methane, a constituent of natural gas - to the very
heavy and complex. Answer: HYDROCARBONS
 127.Free gas, separate from, but overlying an oil zone that occurs
within the same producing formation as oil. Since gas is lighter, it
occupies the upper part of the reservoir.
 Answer: GAS CAP
 128.Clamp which grips a stand or column of casing, tubing, drill
pipe, or sucker rods so that it can be raised or lowered into the
hole.
 Answer: ELEVATOR
 129.Exploratory well which discovers a new oil/gas field (see
WILDCAT).
 Answer: DISCOVERY WELL
 130.Mixture of pentanes and heavier hydrocarbons that may be
contaminated with sulfur compounds and is recovered or
recoverable form an underground reservoir. It is gaseous in its
virgin state but is liquid under the conditions at which its volume
is measured.
 Answer: CONDENSATE