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## Resistencia de materiales del concreto y acero:

f´c = 210 Kg/cm2 COLUMNA
f´c = 210 Kg/cm2 VIGA longitud entre ejes de
f´c = 210 Kg/cm2 LOSA MENOR LUZ
f´c = 210 Kg/cm2 ZAPATA 2.950 L1 = 3.40 m 3.40
f´c = 210 Kg/cm2 Cimiento y Sobrecimiento 2.850 L2 = 3.15 m
Fy = 4200 Kg/cm2 GRADO 60 2.600 L3 = 3.05 m
-0.450 L4 = 0.00 m
-0.450 L5 = 0.00 m
Sobre carga del edificio:
S/c edificio = 250 Kg/m2 longitud entre ejes de
S/c otros = 100 Kg/m2 MAYOR LUZ
3.900 L1 = 4.50 m 4.50
Carga fija del edificio: 3.600 L2 = 4.20 m
Tabiqueria = 120 Kg/m2 -0.600 L3 = 0.00 m
Acabados = 100 Kg/m2 -0.600 L4 = 0.00 m

Asumir columna
b*t = 0.30 0.40 m
Asumir viga
b*h = 0.30 0.40 m

## esperor del muro

e m = 0.15 m
pesos unitarios
g CºAº =
g CºSº =
g mº =

st=
PREDIMENCIONAMIENTO DE LOSA

A srt
hf

e
hl

bw al bw al bw

## vigueta longitud nominal

b= 0.40 m nº tramos = 3.0 Ln1 = 2.95 m
bw = 0.10 m Ln2 = 2.85 m
hf = 0.05 m Ln3 = 2.60 m
0.00
f´c = 210 Kg/cm2 al (m) hl (m) Ll (m)
Fy = 4200 Kg/cm2 0.30 0.15 0.25
peso propio = 0.30
calculo del espesor de la losa acabado = 0.10
tabiqueria = 0.12

L WD = 0.52
e= = 0.136 m S/c = WL = 0.35
25
usar losa de: peso propio de losa: requisitos para usar los coeficientes:
e = 0.20 m w= 300 kg/m2 nº tramo >2 = 3.0
LnM - Lnm = 0.00
WL / WD = 0.67
dc = 3.0 cm usar coeficientes
d= 17.0 cm

carga ultima
calculo de cuantias Wu = 1.4WD + 1.7WL =

## carga por vigueta

0 . 85 f cβ 1 6000
pb = = 0.02125 Wuv = Wu*b =
fy ( fy+6000 )

pmax =0 . 75 p b = 0.01594

p max fy 54.35
K= p max fy (1−0. 59 )=
f c

## pmin losa= 0.0018

p min fy
K= p min fy (1−0. 59 )= 7.40
f c
CALCULOS DE MOMENTOS
momentos de diseño en los apoyos

Mn(−)=coef . Wu Ln 2 = Mu/φ=
M(a)= 1/24 0.529 8.70 0.19 tn - m 0.21 tn - m
M(b)= 1/10 0.529 8.41 0.45 tn - m 0.49 tn - m
M(c)= 1/10 0.529 7.43 0.39 tn - m 0.44 tn - m
M(d)= 1/24 0.529 6.76 0.15 tn - m 0.17 tn - m

## Mn(+)=coef .Wu Ln 2 = Mu/φ=

M(ab)= 1/14 0.529 8.70 0.33 tn - m 0.37 tn - m
M(bc)= 1/16 0.529 8.12 0.27 tn - m 0.30 tn - m
M(cd)= 1/14 0.529 6.76 0.26 tn - m 0.28 tn - m

tn/m2
tn/m2 calculo de Mnpmax y Mnpmin
tn/m2 para apoyos ( - ):
tn/m2 2
tn/m2
Mn pmax =K bd = 1.57 >Mu/f 0.49 tn - m OK

## Mn pmin=K bd 2 = 0.21 <Mu/f 0.49 tn - m OK

s para usar los coeficientes: para tramos (+):
OK 2
< 0.20LnM 0.59 OK
Mn pmax =K bd = 6.28 >Mu/f 0.37 tn - m OK
< 3.0 OK
usar coeficientes

carga ultima
1.4WD + 1.7WL = 1.32 tn/m2

0.529 tn/m
CALCULOS DE AREAS
calculo de las areas de acero

Mu/φ= As=
Mu/φ
= a=
Asfy
=
fy (d −a/2 ) 0.85 f cb
(-) 892.5 30345 (+) 3570 121380

## acero en los apoyos As ( - )

a= 0.72 cm As(a)= 0.31 cm2
a= 1.72 cm As(b)= 0.73 cm2
a= 1.51 cm As(c)= 0.64 cm2
a= 0.55 cm As(d)= 0.24 cm2

Mu/φ=
acero en los tramos As ( + )
a= 0.30 cm As(ab)= 0.52 cm2
a= 0.25 cm As(bc)= 0.42 cm2
a= 0.24 cm As(cd)= 0.40 cm2

## As T = pmin b h= 0.90 cm2/m

Smax = 5*hf = 25 cm

Smax = 45cm = 45 cm

100 A b
Sφ= =
As 35.556 cm

Smax = 25 cm

## usar : Asrtº = f 1/4" @ 0.25

PREDIMENCIONAMIENTO DE VIGAS

## especificaciones longitud nominal

f´c = 210 Kg/cm2 nº tramos = 2.0 Ln1 = 3.90 m
Fy = 4200 Kg/cm2 Ln2 = 3.60 m
0.00
cargas usar viga: (b*h) 0.00
w losa = 300 kg/m2 VP = 0.30 0.35
Tabiqueria = 120 kg/m2 VS = 0.25 0.30 ancho tributario critico
Acabados = 100 kg/m2 B = 3.40 m
S/c edificio = 250 kg/m2 dc = 6.0 cm
S/c otros = 100 kg/m2 d= 29.0 cm
0.3 0.35
0.25 0.3125

## 1º criterio: viga principal 1º criterio: viga secundaria

Ln Ln
h= = 0.355 m h= = 0.262 m
11 13
B B
b= = 0.170 m b= = 0.195 m
20 20 0.25
b=0 .50 h= 0.177 m b=0 .50 h= 0.131 m

b=bCOL= 0.30 m (b h)
VS = 0.25 0.30
(b h)
VP = 0.30 0.40

## 2º criterio: viga principal 2º criterio: viga secundaria

Wd = 520 kg/m2 Wu = 0.1323 kg/m2
Wl = 350 kg/m2
Wu=1. 40Wd +1 . 70Wl= Ln
Wu = 0.1323 kg/m2 h= = 0.309 m
4
h=
Ln
4
= 0.355 m ( )
√Wu
0.309

( )
√Wu
0.355
b=
B
= 0.195 m

B 20 0.25
b= = 0.170 m b=0 .50 h= 0.155 m
20
b=0 .50 h= 0.177 m (b h)
VS = 0.25 0.35
b=bCOL= 0.30 m

(b h)
VP = 0.30 0.40

## 3º criterio: viga principal 3º criterio: viga secundaria

para zona medianamente sismica para zona medianamente sismica

b h2 =bo ho 2 = b h2 =bo ho 2 =
bo = 0.30 m bo = 0.25 m
ho = 0.273 m ho = 0.273 m

(b h) (b h)
VP = 0.30 0.30 VS = 0.25 0.30

para zona de alto riesgo sismico para zona de alto riesgo sismico
3 3 3 3
b h =bo ho = b h =bo ho =
bo = 0.30 m bo = 0.25 m
ho = 0.298 m ho = 0.273 m

(b h) (b h)
VP = 0.30 0.30 VS = 0.25 0.30

## coeficientes para viga

apoyos
2 3 4 2 3 4
LN1 3.90 3.90 3.90 1/16 1/16 1/16
LN2 3.60 3.60 3.60 1/ 9 1/10 1/10
LN3 0.00 -0.60 -0.60 1/16 1/10 1/11
LN4 0.00 0.00 -0.60 1/16 1/10
1/16

tramos
2 3 4
1/14 1/14 1/14
1/14 1/16 1/16
1/14 1/16
1/14
CALCULOS DE MOMEN
momentos de diseño en los apoyos

Mn(−)=coef . Wu Ln 2 =
M(a)= 1/16 4.725 15.21
M(b)= 1/ 9 4.725 14.063
M(c)= 1/16 4.725 12.96

## metrado de cargas momentos de diseño en los tramos

peso losa = 0.93 tn/m (+) 2
acabado = 0.34 tn/m Mn =coef .Wu Ln =
tabiqueria = 0.41 tn/m M(ab)= 1/14 4.725 15.21
peso viga = 0.25 tn/m M(bc)= 1/14 4.725 12.96
WD = 1.93 tn/m
S/c = WL = 1.19 tn/m

carga ultima
Wu = 1.4WD + 1.7WL = 4.725 tn/m2
calculo de Mnpmax y Mnpmin
requisitos para usar los coeficientes:
nº tramo >2 = 2.0 OK 2
LnM - Lnm = 0.30 < 0.20LnM 0.78 OK
Mn pmax =K bd = 13.71
WL / WD = 0.62 < 3.0 OK 2
usar coeficientes
Mn pmin=K bd = 3.39

acero minimo

## calculo de cuantias As min= p min b d = 2.90

0 . 85 f cβ 1 6000
pb = = 0.02125
fy ( fy+6000 )

pmax =0 . 75 p b = 0.0159

p max fy
K= p max fy (1−0.59 )= 54.35
fc
14
pmin= = 0.0033
fy

p min fy
K= p min fy (1−0. 59 )= 13.45
f c
1/4" 0.01 0.32
1/4" 0.32 0.32
1/4" 0.515 0.32
3/8" 0.516 0.71
3/8" 0.71 0.71

apoyos

## 3/8" 0.71 0.71 1.3062 5.1 5.1 0 0.00 5.10

1/2" 1.01 1.29 2.2483 2.84 5.68 0 0.00 5.68
1/2" 1.29 1.29 1.1022 2 4 1.290 1.29 5.29
1/2" 1.645 1.29 ### ### ### 0 0.00 ###
5/8" 1.646 2.00 ### ### ### 0 0.00 ###
5/8" 2.00 2.00
tramos 5/8" 2.42 2.00
3/4" 2.43 2.84 1.5073 2.84 5.68 0 0.00 5.68
3/4" 2.84 2.84 0.6349 1.29 5.16 0 0.00 5.16
3/4" 3.97 2.84 ### ### ### 0 0.00 ###
1" 3.98 5.10 ### ### ### 0 0.00 ###
1" 5.10 5.10
colocar 10.06 10.06
supe 1.3 2.6

## infe 1.29 2.58

LCULOS DE MOMENTOS CALCULOS DE AREAS
eño en los apoyos calculo de las areas de acero

f . Wu Ln 2 = Mu/φ= As=
Mu /φ
= a=
Asfy
=
4.49 tn - m 4.99 tn - m fy (d −a/2 ) 0.85 f cb
7.38 tn - m 8.20 tn - m 2677.5 155295
3.83 tn - m 4.25 tn - m
acero en los apoyos As ( - )
a= 3.41 cm As(a)= 4.35 cm2
a= 5.88 cm As(b)= 7.49 cm2
a= 2.88 cm As(c)= 3.67 cm2
seño en los tramos

f .Wu Ln =
2
Mu/φ=
5.13 tn - m 5.70 tn - m
4.37 tn - m 4.86 tn - m acero en los tramos As ( + )
a= 3.94 cm As(ab)= 5.02 cm2
a= 3.32 cm As(bc)= 4.23 cm2

o de Mnpmax y Mnpmin

>Mu/f 8.20 tn - m OK

## <Mu/f 8.20 tn - m NO necesita Asmin

cm2
CALCULOS DE VARILLAS DE ACERO DISEÑ
calculo de varillas de acero en los apoyos (-)
area del area de porcentaje de
varillas de 1º orden varillas de 2º orden
calculo varillas comparacion PRESENTACIO

nº varillas As(a) 1.0 nº varillas As(a) 0.0 4.35 5.10 14.6% < +/- 6%
1

nº varillas As(b) 2.0 nº varillas As(b) 0.0 7.49 5.68 -31.9% < +/- 6%
2

nº varillas As(c) 2.0 nº varillas As(c) 1.0 3.67 5.29 30.6% < +/- 6%
2

## calculo de varillas de acero en los tramos (+)

area del area de porcentaje de
varillas de 1º orden varillas de 2º orden
calculo varillas comparacion PRESENTACIO

nº varillas As(ab) 2.0 nº varillas As(ab) 0.0 5.02 5.68 11.5% < +/- 6%
2

nº varillas As(bc) 4.0 nº varillas As(bc) 0.0 4.23 5.16 18.0% < +/- 6%
4

## As min= 2.90 cm2

(−)
As 1.8736 cm2
=
4 area porcentaje
varilla variacion
usar: As = 2.90 cm2 2.58 11.03%

nº varillas
2.0
superior 2 f 1/2"

## As min= 2.90 cm2

(+)
As 1.67 cm2
=
3 area porcentaje
varilla variacion
usar: As = 2.90 cm2 2.58 11.03%

nº varillas
inferior
2.0
nº varillas
2.0
inferior 2 f 1/2"

## NOTA: EL ACERO CORRIDO DEBE TENER

MINIMO 02 VARILLAS DE ACERO
DISEÑO

PRESENTACION FINAL

f 1"

f 3/4"

f 5/8" + 1 f 1/2"

PRESENTACION FINAL

f 3/4"

f 1/2"
PREDIMENCIONAMIENTO DE COLUMNAS

## datos iniciales area tributaria critica

f´c = 210 Kg/cm2 At = 14.25 m2
Fy = 4200 Kg/cm2
peso por pisos
Ln1X= 4.50 m Pg = 20600 Kg
Ln2X = 4.20 m Pu = 1.10*Pg*nºpisos = 90640 kg
Ln3Y = 3.40 m
Ln4Y = 3.15 m seccion de columna
Nº pisos = 4 b*t = (Pu / (0.25*f`c))
viga (b*h) = 0.30 0.40 m
col (b*h) = 0.3 0.4 m b*t= 1438.7 cm2

t = 37.93 cm = 0.38 m
peso losa = 300.00 Kg/m2 b*t= 40.00 40.00
Tabiqueria = 120 Kg/m2
peso viga = 288 Kg/m2
peso col = 288 Kg/m2
PD = 1096 Kg/m2
S/c edificio = 250 Kg/m2
S/c azotea = 100 Kg/m2
PL = 350 Kg/m2
PREDIMENCIONAMIENTO DE CIMENTACIONES

## especificaciones altura sobrecimiento

f´c = 210 Kg/cm2 Cimiento Corrido y sobrecim. hsc = 0.60 m
f´c = 210 Kg/cm2 ZAPATA altura cimiento corrido
Fy = 4200 Kg/cm2 hcc = 0.60 m
altura zapata
cargas hz = 0.60 m
w losa = 300 kg/m2
Tabiqueria = 120 kg/m2
Acabados = 100 kg/m2 nº pisos = 2.0
S/c edificio = 250 kg/m2
S/c otros = 100 kg/m2
altura entre piso
pesos especificos hn1 = 3.50 m
g CºAº = 2400 kg/m3 hn2 = 3.00 m
g CºSº = 1800 kg/m3 0.00 m
g mº = 2300 kg/m3 0.00 m
capacidad portante del suelo 0.00 m
s t = 1.00 Kg/cm2
ancho triburatio
vigas (b*h) a t1 = 4.50 m
VP = 0.30 0.35 a t2 = 3.40 m
VS = 0.25 0.30 ancho unitario
columnas (b*t) b= 1.00 m
col = 0.25 0.25 espesor del muro
e muro = 0.15 m
espesor de losa
e losa = 0.20 m
S

peso muro = 945.0 kg
sobrecimien = 207.0 kg
peso losa = 1350.0 kg
PD = 2952.0 kg
peso cimien = 1380.0 B
S/c = PL = 1575.0 kg

CPs
Az= =
σn

P
σT = =
Az
2
Wu(m+e /4 )
Mu= =
2

Pu
σ nu= =
Bb
Mu /φ Ln
As= h= =
Mn pmax =K bd 2 = = 13
fy (d −a/2 ) 0 . 085 f cβ 1 6000
Mn pmin =K bd = 2 pb = =
fy ( fy+6000 )
Asfy
a= = K= p min fy (1−0
0. 85 f cb
Mu/φ=
As min= 14 L
pmin= = p max fy e= =
fy 25
K= p max fy (1−0. 59 )=
f c As= As1 + A
pmax =0 . 75 p b =

φ Mn>Mu /φ
Mn<Mu /φ
¿

1 Mu Mu
Mu´≤ ( )= Mu´= − Mn=
pmin losa= 2 φ φ

As 1 = pmax bd = ⇒

pmin=
fs ´=6000 1−
[ (d´
d
1+
fy
6000
= )]
100 A b
Sφ= =
(+) 2
As
Mn =coef .WuLn = As min= p min b d =

Mn(−)=coef . Wu Ln 2 =

As(+) (−)
= As
B 3 =
b= = Ln 4
20 h= =
11
b=0 .50 h= 3 3
b h =bo ho =
b=bCOL=
2 2
b h =bo ho =

P
σT = =
Az
CPs
Az= =
σn 2
Wu( m+e / 4 )
Mu= =
2
2
Wu( m+e / 4 )
Mu= =
2
Pu
σ nu= =
Bb
Ln
h= =
13

## p min fy Wu=1. 40Wd+1 . 70Wl=

K= p min fy (1−0. 59 )=
f c

Mu' Mu ´
As ´= = As 2 = =
fs ´( d−d ´) fy( d−d ´)
As= As1 + As 2 =
As T = pT b h=
¿ Ln
h= =
0 . 06 A b fy 4
ld=
√f c
= ( )
√Wu

## ld=0 . 006 d b fy=

⇒ ±
⇐ ∑¿
¿

Xm=
Ln
2

√( Ln 2
4 Wu (
− Mu/φ−Mn p max ) = )
b

A srt
hf

e
hl

bw al bw al bw
longitud entre ejes de
MENOR LUZ
L1 = 3.40 m
L2 = 3.15 m 4.50 4.20
L3 = 3.05 m
L4 = 0.00 m
L5 = 0.00 m
3.40
longitud entre ejes de
MAYOR LUZ
L1 = 4.50 m
L2 = 4.20 m
L3 = 0.00 m 3.15
L4 = 0.00 m

3.05
2.13
5.87
4.41 0 1 2 3 4
1/2" 1/2" 1/2" 1/2"
3/8" 0.71 0.71 1 5/8" 2.00 3.29 4.58 5.87 7.16
1/2" 1.01 1.29 2 5/8" 4.00 5.29 6.58 7.87 9.16
1/2" 1.29 1.29 3 5/8" 6.00 7.29 8.58 9.87 11.16
1/2" 1.645 1.29 4 5/8" 8.00 9.29 10.58 11.87 13.16
5/8" 1.646 2.00 5 5/8" 10.00 11.29 12.58 13.87 15.16
5/8" 2.00 2.00 6 5/8" 12.00 13.29 14.58 15.87 17.16
5/8" 2.42 2.00
3/4" 2.43 2.84
3/4" 2.84 2.84 0 1 2 3 4
3/4" 3.97 2.84 3/8" 3/8" 3/8" 3/8"
1" 3.98 5.10 1 1/2" 1.29 2.00 2.71 3.42 4.13
1" 5.10 5.10 2 1/2" 2.58 3.29 4.00 4.71 5.42
colocar 10.06 10.06 3 1/2" 3.87 4.58 5.29 6.00 6.71
4 1/2" 5.16 5.87 6.58 7.29 8.00
5 1/2" 6.45 7.16 7.87 8.58 9.29
6 1/2" 7.74 8.45 9.16 9.87 10.58

3 3
3.74873 9.5 14.45 9.87 5/8" 1/2"
4.4 10.45
5.58 10.45
3.65 8.45
2.3 8.45
5 0 1 2 3 4 5
1/2" 5/8" 5/8" 5/8" 5/8" 5/8"
8.45 1 3/4" 2.84 4.84 6.84 8.84 10.84 12.84
10.45 2 3/4" 5.68 7.68 9.68 11.68 13.68 15.68
12.45 3 3/4" 8.52 10.52 12.52 14.52 16.52 18.52
14.45 4 3/4" 11.36 13.36 15.36 17.36 19.36 21.36
16.45 5 3/4" 14.20 16.20 18.2 20.2 22.2 24.2
18.45 6 3/4" 17.04 19.04 21.04 23.04 25.04 27.04

5 0 1 2 3 4 5
3/8" 3/4" 3/4" 3/4" 3/4" 3/4"
4.84 1 1" 5.10 7.94 10.78 13.62 16.46 19.30
6.13 2 1" 10.20 13.04 15.88 18.72 21.56 24.40
7.42 3 1" 15.30 18.14 20.98 23.82 26.66 29.50
8.71 4 1" 20.40 23.24 26.08 28.92 31.76 34.60
10.00 5 1" 25.50 28.34 31.18 34.02 36.86 39.70
11.29 6 1" 30.60 33.44 36.28 39.12 41.96 44.80

0 1 2 3 4 5
1/4" 1/4" 1/4" 1/4" 1/4"
1 3/8" 0.71 1.03 1.35 9.23 12.07 14.91
2 3/8" 1.42 1.74 7.10 9.94 12.78 15.62
3 3/8" 2.13 2.45 7.81 10.65 13.49 16.33
4 3/8" 2.84 3.16 8.52 11.36 14.20 17.04
5 3/8" 3.55 3.87 9.23 12.07 14.91 17.75
6 3/8" 4.26 4.58 9.94 12.78 15.62 18.46