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# EXPLANAR SCIENCE PLAN

I. OBJECTIVES

## A. Content Standards The learners demonstrate an understanding of:

1. The learner demonstrates understanding of Newton’s three laws of motion and uniform circular motion.

B. Performance Standards  The learner shall be able to develop a writer plan and implement a “Newton’s Olympics”.

## C. Learning Competencies/Objectives The learners should be able to:

 1. Investigate the relationship between the amount of force applied and the mass of the object to the amount of
change in the object’s motion.

Objectives:
1. Identify the forces acting on an object at rest.
2. Explain why objects stay at rest.

## II. CONTENT Module I: FORCES AND MOTION

Lesson 1: BALANCED AND UNBALANCED FORCES
III. LEARNING RESOURCES
A. References Science 8 Manual
1. Teacher’s Guide Pages Pg.5-8
2. Learner’s Materials pages Pg.3-6
3. Text book pages
4. Additional Materials from Learning Resources
B. Other Learning Resources Lesson Guide Science 8 (First Quarter- pp. 1-5)

IV. PROCEDURES
A. Reviewing previous lesson or presenting the new Present the following statement in class and ask the students if they agree or disagree with them. Select two to three students per
lesson group to justify or explain their answer.

## 1. Force is needed to stop an object.

2. Force always results to motion.
3. Force can act even at a distance.
4. Objects have the tendency to remain at rest.
5. Objects have the tendency to resist change.
B. Establishing a purpose for the Lesson Analyze the pictures (to be presented on the television screen) (can be printed)

## C. Presenting examples / instances of the

new lesson

The teacher will place a ball or any object on top of a table and ask:

## D. Discussing new concepts and practicing

new skills #1
a) Will this object move by itself?
b) How can we make this object move?
c) While it is moving, how can we make the object speed up or slow down?
d) How can make it stop?
e) How can we make it change its direction?

## E. Discussing new concepts and practicing

Do the activity 1 Forces on object at rest in Lesson Guide Science 8 (First Quarter) pp. 5 or LM pp. 5- 6
new skills #2
Presentation of the output per group/ Processing:

Analysis:
Situation 1
1. Is the pen at rest or in motion?
2. Are there forces acting on the pen? If yes, draw the forces. You may use arrows to represent these forces.
F. Developing mastery 3. What happens to the pen? What could have caused the pen’s motion?
Situation 2
1. Is the book at rest or in motion?
2. Are there forces acting on the book? If yes, draw the forces
acting on the book.
3. Did the book move? How will you make the book move?

Since friction is a resistance force that slows down or prevent motion, there are advantages and disadvantages that friction may do.
How is friction important in:
G. Finding practical applications of concepts a. walking
and skills in daily living b. writing
c. running vehicles
1. What is force?
2. What are some other forces that can cause something to move?
3. How does gravity affect object on earth?
H. Making generalizations and abstractions 4. What is a force that can cause an object to slow down or have little
5. In your own words define friction.

Multiple Choice: Read each statement carefully and write only the letter of the correct answer.

## 1. A book is at rest on top of a table. Which of the following is correct?

A. There is no force acting on the book.
B. The book has no inertia.
C. There is no force acting on the table.
*D. The book is in equilibrium.

## 2. Which of the following situations involves friction?

A. A bicycle rolling down a hill
B. A baseball player sliding into 2nd base
C. A diver falling through the air to a pool
*D. All of the above experience some friction.

3. What is gravity?
A. Newton’s first law
I. EVALUATING
B. The force that objects exert on each other because of their
masses
*C The downward pull on the Earth
D. The friction that an object has put on it

## 4. Which is the best example of gravity?

A. A car hits a tree, and its motion stops
B. A breeze blows, and a sailboat moves
C. A book is pushed, and it moves across the table
*D. A person drops a ball, and it falls to the ground

## 5. How does Earth ‘s gravity affect objects near Earth?

A. It pushes them away.
*B. It pulls them in
C. It makes them larger.
D. It makes them move faster.
J. Additional activities for application or Ask the students to write situation/ examples where the presence of other forces are beneficial.
remediation
V. REMARKS If the objective projected not meet, a remedial class will be conducted

VI. REFLECTION
A. No. of learners who earned 80% on the formative
assessment
B. No. of Learners who require additional activities
for remediation
C. Did the remedial lessons work? No. of learners
who have caught up with the lesson.
D. No. of learners who continue to require
remediation
E. Which of my teaching strategies worked well? Why
did these work?
F. What difficulties did I encounter which my
principal or supervisor can help me solve?
G. What innovation or localized materials did I
use/discover which I wish to share with other
teachers?

Prepared by: