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Max. T im e : 3 ^ hrs. Max.

Marks : 200

Useful Constants = 9.1 x 10 ‘ 31 kg

Boltzmann constant (k) = 1.38x 10 “ 23 J K ' 1 1 (unified) atomic mass unit (u)
Avogadro's number ( N a ) = 6.02x1023 mol ” 1 = 1.66 x 1 0 ’ 27 kg
Planck's constant (h) = 6.63x 1 0 ' 34 J S 1 eV = 1.6 x 1 0 " 19 J
Speed of light in vacuum (c) 1 nm = 1 0 '9 m
= 3 x 108 ms su - 1 Charge of Electron (e) = J6 x 1 0 " 19C
Rest mass of electron (m e) Gas constant (R) = 8.31 J m ol ' 1 K ' 1

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE 6 . Which one of the following organisa­

tion’s iron and steel plant was built to
1. Birbal Sahni was a : use charcoal as a source of power, to
(1) Zoologist start with, but later switched over to
(2) Founder of Central Drug Research Insti­ hydroelectricity?
tute (CDRI) (1) The Tata Iron and Steel Company
(3) Ornithologist. (2) The Indian Iro^and Steel Company
(4) Paleobotanist. (3) Mysore Iron and Steel Limited.
2. In the year (2003) the chemistry N obel (4) Hindustan Steel Limited.
Prize was awarded to the following 7. Rishikesh is famous for the production
work: of :
( 1) Aquaporins (2) Na + + channels (1) Antibiotics (2) Heavy electricals
(3) Ca ~ channels (4) Methyl chavicol (3) Fertilizers (4) Transistorized radios.

3 . It live* underwater for up to three year* 8 . Rayon fibre is manufactured from

as ‘nymph’ before emerging as a flying (1) Petroleum (2) Wood and pulp
insect. Fossil* of this insect dating back (3) Chemicals (4) Naphtha
about 300 million years have been
9. Nepanagar is fam ous for :
found :
(1) Paper board industries
(1) Scorpion fly (2) Stone fly
(2) Craft paper industries
(3) Caddis fly (4) May fly
(3) Carbon paper industries
4. A man - made tunnel in India transfers
(4). Newsprint paper industries.
water from which one river to another?
(1) Narmada to Tapti 10. Since the Britishers wanted India to
produce and supply raw materials to
(2) Betwa to Stone
feed English factories, they pushed a
(3) Beas to Sutlej (4) Godavari to Krishna policy that encouraged cultivation of :
5 The great Fisher Bank in situated off : (1) Jute (2) Indigo
(1) The coast of New Foundland (3) Cotton (4 Commercial corp.
(2) The Chilean coast 11. Primary sector refer to :
(3) The Spanish coast (1) Industry (2) Agriculture
(4) The coast of Great Britain
(3) Trade (4) Banks 20. Who of the following was a medical
12. Recently there was a report on adverse doctor?
effect of wearing neck tie. Tight neck tie (1) Samuel Taylor Coleridge
may cause : (2) John Webster
(1) Glaucoma (2) Hypertension (3) Somerset Maugham
(3) Hoarseness of voice (4) Thomas Gray
(4) Hyperthyroidism
13. The noise produced in office is nor­ BIO LO G V
mally at the level of :
(1) 20 db (2) 30 db 21. Cultivation of Bt Cotton has been
(3) 40 db (4) 60 db much in the news. The prefix "B t”
means :
14. In the year 2003 in an eco-maratho (1) "Barium -treated” cotton seeds
contest in Hiroshima the ‘Fancy Carol'
(2) “Bigger thread" variety of cotton with bet­
recorded the mileage of distance per
ter tensile strength
liter of petrol as :
(3) Produced by "biotechnology” using re­
(1) 396 km/litre (2) 936 km/litre
striction enzymes and ligases
(3) 1962 km/litre (4) 3962 km/litre (4) Carrying an endotoxin gene from Bacillus
15. Dravida Munnetra Kazhakam (DMK) thuringensis
was founded by : 22. Which one feature is common to leech,
(1) M.G. Ramachandran cockroach and scorpion?
(2) C.N. Annaduraj (1) Nephridia (2) Ventral nerve cord
(3) Kumar Swami Kamraj (3) Cephalization (4) Antennae
(4) Lalithambika Anthaijanam.
23. Unidirectional transmission of a nerve
16. All of the following won the title of impulse through nerve fibre is due to the
‘Miss World' except: fact th at:
(l)LaraDutta (2) Aishwarya Rai (1) Nerve fibre is insulated by a medullary
(3) Yukta Mukhi (4) Priyanka Chopra. sheath.
(2) Sodium pump starts operating only at the
17. Where is ‘Indra Gandhi RashtTiya Uran
cyton and then continues into the nerve fi­
Akadimi’ situated?
(1) Dehradum (2) Raebareli
(3) Neurotransmitters are released by den­
(3) Allahabad (4) Mussorrie drites and not by axon endings
18. All of the following are correct about (4) Neurotransmitters are released by the
‘Media Lab’ except : axon endings and not by dendrites.
(1) The third media lab is situated in India 24. The total number of nitrogenous bases
(2 ) It is supported by government funding in human genome is estimated to be
(3) It is interdisciplinary i.e. involves sociolo­ a b o u t:
gists economists, computer sciences etc. (1) 3.5 million (2) 3.5 thousand
(4). It plans to produce wearable computer. (3) 35 million (4) 3.1 billion
19. In the year 2003 which of the follow­ 25. The Great Barrier Reef along the east
ing Indian American was honored by coast of Australia can be categorised as:
President Bush for his research in auto­ (1) Population (2) Community
motive technology?
(3) Ecosystem (4) Biome
(1) Hiren Gandhi (2) Sabeer Bhatia
26. Which one of the following is a pair of
(3) Guraj Deshpande
endangered species?
(4) Vinod Khosla
(1) Garden lizard and Mexican poppy (1) Is caused by a variant of Pneumococcus
(2) Rhesus monkey and Sal tree pneumoniae
(3) Indian peacock and carrot grass (2) Is caused by a variant of the common cold
(4) Hornbill and Indian Aconite virus (corona virus)
(3) Is an acute form of asthma
27. Which one of the following is a match­
(4) Affects non- vegetarians faster than the
ing pair of a drug and hits category?
(1) Amphetamines - Stimulant
34. Cattle fed with spoilt hay of sweet clo­
(2) Lysergic acid Dimethyl amide - Narcotic
ver which contains dicumarol :
(3) Heroin - Psychotropic
(1) Are healthier due to a good diet
(4) Benzodiazepines - Pain killer
(2) Catch infections easily
28. In which one of the following pairs the (3) May suffer vitamin K deficiency and pro­
two items mean one and the same longed bleeding
(4) May suffer form Beri Beri due to defi­
(1) Malleus - anvil ciency of B vitamins.
(2) SA node - pacemaker
35. If the Bengal Tiger becom es extinct:
(3) Leucocytes - lymphocytes
(1) Hyenas and wolves will become scarce
(4) Haemophilia - blood cancer
(2) The wild areas will be safe for man and
29. Which one of the following categories domestic animals
of organisms do not evolve oxygen (3) Its gene pool will be lost for ever
during photosynthesis? (4) The populations of beautiful animals like
(1) Red algae deers will get stabilized.
(2) Photosynthetic bacteria 36. Nitrogen oxides produced from the
(3) C4 plants with Kranz anatomy emission of automobiles and power
(4) Blue green algae plants, are the source of fine air borne
particles which lead to :
30. A baby has been born with a small
(1) Photochemical smog
tail. It Is a case exhibiting :
(2) Dry acid deposition
(1) Retrogressive evolution
(3) Industrial smog (4) Wet acid deposition
(2) Mutation (3) Atavism
37. A lake with an inflow of domestic sew*
(4) Metamorphosis
age rich in organic waste may result in :
31. Which one of the following is correctly (1) Drying of the lake very soon to algal
matched regarding an Institute and its bloom
(2) An increased production of fish due to lot
(1) National Institute of Virology -Pune of nutrients
(2) National Institute of Communicable Dis­ (3) Death of fish due to lack of oxygen
eases - Lucknow
(4) Increased population of aquatic food web
(3) Central Drug research Institute - Kasauli organisms.
(4) National Institute of Nutrition - Mumbai 38. Minamata disease was caused due to
32. Electron beam therapy is a kind of the consumption of :
radiation therapy to treat : (1) Sea food containing lot of cadmium
(1) Enlarged prostate gland (2) Fish contaminated with mercury
(2) Gall bladder stones by breaking them (3) Oysters with lot of pesticide
(3) Certain types of cancer (4) Sea food contaminated with selenium.
(4) Kidney stones 39. An artificial pacemaker is implanted
33. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome subcutanously and connected to the
(SARS) : heart in patients :
(1) Having 90% blockage of the three main
coronary arteries
(2) Having a very high blood pressure
(3) With iregularity in the heart rhythm
(4) Suffering from arteriosclerosis.
40. An example of gene therapy is :
(1) Production of injectable Hepatitis B vac­
(2) Production of vaccines in food crops like
potatoes which can be eaten
(3) Introduction of gene for adenosine deami­
nase in persons suffering form Severe
Combined Immuno- deficiency (SCID).
(4) Production of test tube babies by artificial
insemination and implantation of fertilized
41. The pollen tube usually enters the em­
bryo sac :
(1) Through one of the synergids (1) The parents are homozygous recessive
(2) By directly penetrating the egg (2) The tTait is Y- linked
(3) Between one synergid and central cell (3) The parents are homozygous dominant
(4) By knocking off the antipodal cells. (4) The parents are heterzygous.
42. What is the first step in the Southern
45. Given below is the representation of a
Blot technique?
kind of chromosomal mutation : What is
(1) Denaturation of DNA on the gel for hy­ the kind of mutation represented?
bridization with specific probe.
(2) Production of a group of genetically iden­
tical cells. a i o x i D + a i Q x r D
(3) Digestion of DNA by restriction enzyme
(1) Deletion
(4) Isolation of DNA from a nucleated cell
such as the one from the scene of crime. (2) Duplication (3) Inversion
(4) Reciprocal translocation.
43. Women who consumed the drug tha­
lidomide for relief from vomiting during 46. Which one of the following pairs Is
early months of pregnancy gave birth to correctly matched with regard to the co­
children with : don and the amino acid coded by it?
(1) No spleen (1) UUA - Valine (2) AAA - Lysine
(2) Hare-lip (3) AUG - Cysteine (d) CCG - Alanine.
(3) Extra fingers and toes 47. The treatment of snake-bite by an­
(4) Underdeveloped limbs. tivenom is an example of :
44. Given below is a pedigree chart of a (1) Artificially acquired active immunity
family with five children. It shows the (2) Artificially acquired passive immunity
Inheritance of attached ear-lobes as op­ (3) Naturally acquired passive immunity
posed in the free ones. The squares rep­
(4) Specific natural immunity.
resent the male individuals and circles
the female individuals : Which one of 48. The bacteria Pseudomonas is useful
the following conclusions drawn is cor­ because of its ability to :
rect? (1) Transfer genes from one plant to another
(2) Decompose a variety of organic com­ 56. In the high altitude birds become rare
pounds or extinct, the plants which may disap­
(3) Fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil pear along with them are :
(4) Produce a wide variety of antibiotics. (1) Pine (2) Oak
49. D N A is present in : (3) Orchids (4) Rhododendrons
(1) Chromosomes and dictyosomes 57. Companion cells in plants are associ­
(2) Chloroplasts and lysosomes ated with :
(3) Mitochondria and chloroplasts (1) Vessels (2) Sperms
(4) Mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum. (3) Sieve elements (4) Guard cells

50. Pruning of plants promotes branching 58. Mosses and ferns are found in moist
because the axillary buds get sensitized and shady places because both :
to : (1) Require presence of water for fertilization
(1) Ethylene (2) Gibberellin (2) Do not need sunlight for photosynthesis
(3) Cytokinin (4) Indole acetic acid (3) Depend for their nutrition on microorgan­
isms which can survive only at low tem­
51. The sugarcane plant has :
(1) Dumb -bell shaped guard cells.
(4) Cannot compare with sun- loving plants.
( 2 ) Fentamerous flowers
(3) Reticulate venation 59. Cork cambium results in the formation
of cork which becom es impermeable to
(4) Capsular fruits
water due to the accumulation of :
52. Potato and sweet potato (1) Resins (2) Suberin
(1) Have edible parts which are homologous (3) Lignins (4) Tannins
60. How many different types of gametes
(2) Have edible parts which are analogous or­
can be formed by F] progeny, resulting
from the following cross :
(3) Have been introduced in India from the
same place AA BB CC x aa bb cc
(1 )3 (2 )8 (3 )2 7 (4 )6 4
(4) Are two species of the same genus.
53. In Ulothrix meiosis takes place in :
(1) Cells of the filament 61. Which of the following is only acidic in
(2) Holdfast nature?
‘(3) Zygote (1) Be(0 H )2 (2) MgCOH)2
(4) Zoospores (3) B(O H )3 (4) A l(O H )3
54. In a plant organ which is covered by 62. Which one of the following froms with
periderm and in which the stomata are
an excess of C N " (Cyanide) a complex
absent, some gaseous exchange still
having coordination number two?
takes place through :
(1) Aerenchyma (2) Trichomes (1) Cu* (2) A g * (3) ni2* 4 )F e 2*
(3) Pneumatophores (4) Lenticels 63. Which of the following is not consid­
ered as an organometallic compound?
55. Somaclonal variation can be obtained
by : (1) Cis-platin (2) Ferrocene
(1) Application of colchicine (3) Zeise's salt (4) Grignard reagent
(2) Irradiation with gamma rays 64. Dimethyl glyoxime gives a red precipi­
(3) Tissue culture tate with N i 2 \ which is used for its de­
(4) Hybridization tection. To get this precipitate readily
the best pH range is :
(1 )< 1 (2)2-3 (3)3-4 (4)9-11 (3) CH3C s CH (4) c h 3n h ; c i -
65. The element which forms oxides in all 76. The strongest base among the follow-
oxidation states +1 to + V is : ing is?
(1) N (2) p (3) As (4) Sb
66 . For decolourization of 1 mole of
K M n 0 4, the moles of H 20 2 required is :
• 0 N
2O N
(1)1/2 (2)3/2 (3)5/2 (4)7/2

67. The statements true for N 3 is : M nh2
(1) It has a non- linear structure
(2) It is called pseudohalogen N
(3) The formal oxidation state of nitrogen in
77. The compound having only primary hy­
this anion is - 1
drogen atom is :
(4) It is isoelectronic with N 0 2
(l)Isobutene (2) 2 ,3 -Dimetyl butene
68 . Which of the following does not have (3) Cyclohexane (4) Propyne
optical isomer?
78. Among the following the aromatic
(1) [CoCNHab Cl3] (2) [Co(en)3] CI3 compound is :
(3) [Co(en )2 Cl2] Cl
(4) [C o (e n )(N H 3)2 CI2] Cl
69. For electron affinity of halogens which
of the following is correct :
1V +
■ 0 +
(1) Br>F (2) F>CI
(3) Br>Cl (4) F>1
70. Shape of 0 2F2 is similar to that of :
(1)C2F 2 (2) H 20 2 (3) H 2F2 (4)C2H 2
3- 1 1
71. The liquid fled metal expanding on so­
lidification is : 79. The dilpole moment is the highest for :
(1) Ga (2) A1 (3) Zn (4) Cu (1) Trans -2- butene
(2) 1,3 - Dimethyl benzene
72. The compound insoluble in water is :
(3) Acetophenone (4) Ethanol
(1) Mercurous nitrate
(2) Mercuric nitrate (3) Mercurous chloride 80. The geometrical isomerism is shown
by :
(4) Mercurous perchlorate
73. Which of the following imparts green
colour to the burner flame?
(1) B(OMe)3 (2) Na(OMe)
1 K
'V >

(3) AKOPrh (4) Sn(OH )2

ch a
74. The O N O angle is maximum in :
(D N C V (2) N 0 2 > x / n° ■ O '
(3) N 0 2 (4) n o 2*
81. The reagent used for the separation of
75. Among the following the dissociation acetaldehyde from acetophenone is :
constant is highest for :
(1) NaHS0 3 (2) CftHsNHNF^
( 1 ) CfeHsOH (2 ) QHsCHzOH
(3) NH2OH (4) NaOH - I2
82. Among the following the most reactive 89. Which of the following is arranged in
towards alcoholic K O H is the increasing order of enthalpy of va­
(1) CH 2 = CHBr (2) CH 3COCH 2 CH2Br porization?
(3) CH 3CH2Br (4) CH 3CH 2CH2Br (1) N H 3 , PH 3 . AsH 3
(2) AsH 3 , PH 3 . N H 3
83. Among the following, the one which
reacts most readily with ethanol is : (3) N H 3 , AsH 3 . PH 3
( 1 ) p- nitrobenzyl bromide (4) PH 3 . AsH 3 . N H 3
(2 ) p- chlorobenzyl bromide 90. For principle quantum number n = 4
(3) p- methoxybenzyl bromide the total number of orbitals having 1 : 3
(4) p- methylbenzyl bromide is :
(1 )3 (2 )7 (3 )5 (4 )9
84. The nucleic acid base having two pos­
sible binding sites is : 91. The average osmotic pressure of hu­
(1) Thymine (2) Cytosine man blood is 7.8 bar at 37° C. What is
(3) Guanine (4) Adenine the concentration of an aqueous NaCI
solution that could be used in the blood
85. o-Toluic acid on reaction with Br 2 + Fe stream?
gives :
(1) 0.16 mol/L (2) 0.32 mol/L
(3) 0.60 mol/L (4) 0.45 mol/L
92. H ow much energy is released when 6
mole of octane is burnt in air? Given
A H ; for C O z ( g ) , H zO (g) and C 8H , 8(1)
respectively are
- 490 - 240 and + 160 J/mol.
(1) - 6.2 k J (2) -3 7 .4 k J
(3) - 35.5 k J (4) - 20.0 k J
93. For the equilibrium H 20 I - H 20 (g ) at
1 atm and 298 K.
86 . Aromatic nitrites (A rC N ) are not pre­ ( 1 ) standard free energy change is equal to
pared by reaction : zero (A G ° = 0)
(1) ArX + KCN
(2) Free energy change is less than zero
(2) Ar N 2 + CuCN (A G < 0)
(3) Ar CO NH 2 + P 20 5 (3) Standard free energy change is less than
(4) Ar CONH 2 + SOCI2 zero (A G ° < 0)
(4) Standard free energy change is greater
87. Melting points are normally the high­
than zero (A G ° > 0)
est for :
(1) Tertiary amides (2) Secondary amides 94. The crystal system of a compound with
(3) Primary amides (4) Amines unit cell dimensions
a = 0.387 , b = 0.387 and c = 0.504 nm
88 . The most suitable reagent for the con­
and a = P = 90° and y = 120° is :
version of R C H 2O H ------- ► R C H O is :
(1) Cubic (2) Hexagonal
(1) KMn0 4
(3) Orthorhombic (4) Rhombohedral
(2) K2Cr20 2 3) C r0 3
95. W hat is the pH of 0.01 M glycine solu­
(4) PCC (Pyridine chloro chromate). tion? For glycine.
K a t = 4 . 5 x 1 0 3 and Ka 2 = 1.7 x 1010a (3) Longitudinal and transverse
1 298 K : J 4 ) Stationary
(1)3 .0 (2)10.0 (3)6.1 (4)7.2 102. In an orbital motion, the angular mo­
mentum vector is :
96. O f the following which change will
shift the reaction forwards the product? (1) Along the radius vector
I2 ^ 2/ ( g ) , AH° , (298 K ) = + 150 kJ (2) Parallel to the linear momentum
(1) Increase in concentration of I (3) In the orbital plane
(2) Decrease in concentration of l2 (4) Perpendicular to the orbital plane.

(3) Increase in temperature 103. A nucleus of mass number A, origi­

(4) Increase in total pressure. nally at rest, emits an a - particles with
speed v. The daughter nucleus recoils
97. Which of the following statements in with a speed :
TRUE for the electrochemical Daniel
(1) 2v/(A + 4) (2) 4v/(A + 4)
cell :
(3) 4v/(A - 4) (4) 2v/(A - 4)
(1) Electrons flow from copper electrode to
zinc electrode 104. When an electron positron pair anni­
(2) Current flows from zinc electrode to cop­ hilates, the energy released is about :
per electrode (1) 0.8 x 10 ' 13 J (2) 1.6 x 10 ' 13 J
(3) Cations move towards copper electrode
(3) 3.2 x 10 ' 13 J (4) 4.8 x 10 ' 13 J
(4) Cations move toward zinc electrode.
105. A sphere of mass M and radius R is
98. Which of the following is a biodegrad­ falling in a viscous fluid. The terminal
able polymer? velocity attained by the falling object
(1) Cellulose (2) polytene will be proportional to :
(3) Polyvanyl chloride (4) Nylon -6 (1) R2 (2) R (3) 1/R 4) 1/R2
99. The rate constant, k, for the reaction 106. Two springs are connected to a block
N 20 5(g) -------►2 N 0 2 (g) + ^ 0 2(g) I* of mass M placed on a frictionless sur­
face as shown below. If both the springs
2 . 3 x 1 0 " 2 * " 1. W hich equation given have a spring constant k, the frequency
below describes the change of [N 2O 5] of oscillation of the block is :
with time? [N 20 5]0 and [ ^ O s h corre­
spond to concentration of N 2O s initially
and at time, t :
(1) [N 2O 5], = IN 20 5)0 + kt
(2) (N 205]0 = [N 20 5], ekl
(3) log 10 [N 20 5], = logio IN 20 5]0 - kt
.... [n 2o 5)0
l) [N 20 5],
(1) (l/2n >/(k7M) (2) (l/2n)
100. Ozone in stratosphere is depleted by
(1) CF2C12 (2) C 7F 16 (3) (l/2n) V(2k7M) (4) (l/2n) >/(M/k)
(3) C ^ C I * (4) Q F 6
107. A proton of energy 4 eV is incident
p h y s ic s on a metal surface whose work function
is 2 eV. The minimum reverse potential
101. The waves produced by a motorboat to be applied for stopping the emission
sailing in water are : of electrons I* :
(1) Transverse (2) Longitudinal
(1) 2V (2) 4 V (3) 6V (4) 8V (3) 256 (4) 16
108. A photon and an a - particle, moving 113. The temperature (T) dependence of
with the same velocity, enter into a uni­ resistivity (p) of a semiconductor is rep­
form magnetic field, acting normal to resented by :
the plane of their motion. The ratio of
the radii of the circular paths described
by the proton and a - particle is :
(1 )1 :2 (2) 1 : 4 (3) 1 : 16 (4) 4 : 1
109. Two parallel beams of positrons mov­
ing in the same direction will :
(1) Repel each other
(2) Will not interact with each other
(3) Attract each other
(4) Be deflected normal to the plane contain­
ing the two beams.
110. The electric field due to a uniformly
charged sphere of radius R as a func­
tions of the distance from its center is 114. In old age arteries carrying blood in
represented graphically by : the human body become narrow result­
ing in an increase in the blood pressure.
This follows from :
(1) Pascal's law (2) Stokes’ law
(3) Bernoulli’s principle
(4) Archimedes principle
115. A circular coil of radius R carries an
electric current. The magnetic field due
the coil at a point on the axis of the coil
located at a distance r from the centre
of the coil, such that r > > R , varies as :
(1) 1/r (2 )l/ r 3/2 (3) 1/r* (4) 1/r3
116. The direction of the angular velocity
vector is along :
an electric field which is increasing in (1) The tangent to the circular path.
magnitude along the x—direction are : (2) The inward radius
(1) Planes parallel to yz - plane (3) The outward radius
(2) Planes parallel to xy plane (4) The axis of rotation
(3) Planes parallel to xz-plane 117. Sodium lamps are used in foggy con­
(4) Coaxial cylinders of increasing radii ditions because :
around the x-axis. (1) Yellow light is scattered less by the fog par­
112. Suppose the sun expands so that its ticles
radius becomes 100 times its present (2) Yellow light is scattered more by the fog
radius and its surface temperature be­ particles
comes half of its present value. The total (3) Yellow light is unaffected during its pas­
energy emitted by it then will increase sage through the fog.
by a factor of : (4) Wavelength of yellow light is the mean of
( 1 ) io 4 (2) 625 the visible part of the spectrum.
118. The magnetic field due to a straight screen by illuminating the two slits in
conductor of uniform cross section of ra­ the Young’s double slit interference ex­
dius a and carrying a steady current is periment. When a thin film of mica is in­
represented by : terposed in the path of one of the
a(CZZ interfering beams then :
(1) The fringe width increases
(2) The fringe width decreases

1. (3) The fringe width remains the same but the
pattern shifts.
(4) The fringe pattern disappears.
122. An obj«ct is immersed in a fluid. In
order that the object becomes invisible,
it should
(1) Behave as a perfect reflector
(2) Absorb all light falling on its
(3) Have refractive index one
(4) Have refractive index exactly matching
with that of the surrounding fluid.
123. An organ pipe closed at one end has
a r fundamental frequency of 1500 Hz. The
maximum number of overtones gener­
119. Which of the following velocity-time ated by this pipe which a normal person
graphs shows a realistic situation for a can hear is :
body in motion? (1)1 4 (2)1 3 (3 )6 (4 )9
124. The Magnetic Resonance Imaging
1. (MRI) is based on the phenomenon of :

t / \ y
(1) Nuclear magnetic resonance
(2) Electron spin resonance
(3) Electron paramagnetic resonance
(4) Diamagnetism of human tissues.
125. Carbon dating is best suited for de­
termining the age of fossils Iftheirage
in years is of the order of :
. 4.

t t
(1) 103 (2) 104 (3) 105 (4) 106

C D 126. A 40 n F capacitor in a defibrillator it

charged to 3000 V. The energy stored in
t' the capacitor is sent through the patient
during a pulse of duration 2 ms. The
120.- A bom b of mass 3.0 kg explodes in power delivered to the patient is :
air into two pieces of masses 2.0 kg and (1) 45 kW (2) 90 kW
1.0 kg. The smaller mass goes at a
(3) 180 kW (4) 360 kW
speed of 80 m/s. The total energy im­
parted to the two fragments is : 127. Eels are able to generate current with
(1) 1.07 kJ (2) 2.14 kJ biological cells called electroplaques,
the electroplaques in an eel are ar­
(3) 2.4 kJ (4) 4.8 kJ
ranged in 100 rows, each row stretching
121. A monochromatic beam of light is horizontally along the body of the fish
used for the formation of fringes onthe containing 5000 electroplaques. The »
rangement is suggestively shown below. (4) Dispersion
Each electroplaques has an emf of 0.15 131. We wish to see inside an atom. As­
V and internal resistance of 0.25 Q . The suming the atom to have a diameter of
water surrounding the eel completes cir­ 100 pm, this means that one must be
cuit between the head and its tail. If the able to resolve a width of say 10 pm. If
water surrounding it has a resistance of an electron microscope is used, the
500 Q. the current an eel can produce in minimum electron energy required is
water is about : about : v 0.25 0 (1) 1.5 keV (2) 15 keV
(3) 150 kev (4) 1.5 MeV
Hi-AWsHkW*.......... ......... 1 132. When a compact disc is illuminated
5000 « l« rtro ptogu** p » row I
by a source of while light, coloured
‘lones’ are observed. This is due to :
(1) Dispersion (2) Diffraction
(3) Interference (4) Refraction
133. In the basic Cs C l crystal structure,
500 0 Cs * and C l " ions are arranged in a bcc
AW V configuration as shown below. The net
electrostatic force exerted by the eight
(1)1 .5 A (2) 3.0 A (3) 15 A (4) 30 A
Cs * ions on the Cl ~ ion is :
128. N moles of a monoatomic gas is car­
ried round the reversible rectangular cy­ dt
cle A B C D A as shown in the diagram.
The temperature as A is T„ . The thermo­
dynamic efficiency of the cycle is :


t A
T1 o

1 32 e
2V„ (3) (4) Zero.
V — 4n e„ 3 a2
(1)15% (2)5 0 % (3)20% (4)25% 134. The magnetic moment of a current (I)
129. Liquid oxygen remains suspended be­ carrying circular coil of radius (r) and
tween two pole faces of a magnet be­ number of turns (n) varies as
cause it is : (1) 1/r2 (2) 1/r (3) r (4) r2
(1) Diamagnetic (2) Paramagnetic
135. The cyclotron frequency of an elec­
(3) Ferromagnetic (4) Antiferromagnetic tron gyrating in a magnetic field of IT is
130. An endoscope is employed by a phy­ approximately :
sician to view the internal parts of a (1 )2 8 MHz (2) 280 MHz
body organ. It is based on the principle
(3) 2.8 GHz (4) 28 GHz
o f:
136. The dependence of binding energy
(1) Refraction (2) Reflection
per nucleon. B n on the mass number. A,
(3) Total internal reflection
is represented by :
1— 1021 atoms/m3. Given that the in­
trinsic concentration of electron -hole
pairs is D D — 10l9/m3, the concentra­
tion of electrons in the specimen is :
(1) 1017/m3 (2) 1015/m 3
(3) 104/m3 (4) lt f/ m 3
139. V^,, , V .m and Vmp are root mean
square, average and most probable

3. speeds of molecules of a gas obeying
Maxwellian velocity distribution. Which
of the following statements is correct:
( l ) V ims< V <lv< V mp
{2)\Jant> V av> V mp
137. Which logic gate is represented by (3) Vjnp > Vm, > V .v
the following combination of logic (4) Vmp > Vms > V4v
140. Using mass (M), length (L), time (T)
A ---------- 1>------ 1
and current (A) as fundamental quanti­
r ------------* Y ties, the dimension of permitivity is :
B-----------1>------ 1 Z -^
(1) M L~ 2T 2 A (2) M ‘ 1 L ~3 T 4 A 2
(1) Or (2) NAND (3) AND (4) NOR
(3) M L T 2 A (4) M L 2 T 1 A 2
138. A Ge specimen is doped with Al. The
concentration of acceptor atoms

Asserstion and Reasoning

the following question (141-200), statement o f assertion (1 ) Is followed by a state­
ment of reason (R )
If both Assertion & Reason are true and the reason is the correct explanation of the assertion
then mark 1 .
If both Assertion & Reason are true but the reason is not the correct explanation of the assertion,
then mark 2
If Assertion is true statement but reason is false, then mark 3
If both Assertion & Reason are false statements, then mark 4
141 A. Agricultural output increased several times R DDT was the first insecticide used on a wide
after introduction of DDT. scale
142 A. Diabetes insipidus is marked by excessive R Anti- diuretic hormone (ADH) is secreted by
urination and too much thirst for water. the posterior lobe of pituitary gland.
143 A. Coacervates are believed to be the pre­ R Coacervates were self -duplicating aggre­
cursors to life. gates of proteins surrounded by lipid mole­
144 A Tapeworm, roundworm and pinworm are R Improperly cooked food is the source of all
endoparasites of human intestine. intestinal infections.
145 A. Fish meal is a rich source of protein for R Fish meal is produced from non-edible parts
cattle and poultry. of fishes like fins, tail etc.
146 A. Animals adopt different strategies to sur­ R Praying mantis is green in colour which
vive in hostile environment. merges with plant foliage.
147. A. Among the primates, chimpanzee is the R The banding pattern in the autosome num­
closest relative of the present day humans. bers 3 and 6 of man and chimpanzee is re­
markably similar.
148 A. Dope test is used to estimate the level of R A drunken person usually feels tense and is
blood alcohol by analyzing the breath of per­ less talkative.
sons drinking alcohol.
149 A. The honey bee queen copulates only R The honey bee queen can lay fertilized as
once in her life time. well as unfertilized eggs.
15Q A. From evolutionary point of view, human R One major evolutionary trend in humans
gestation period is believed to be shortening has been the larger head undergoing relatively
faster growth rate in the foetal stage.
151 A. Natural selection is the outcome of differ­ R Adaptive forms of a given trait tend to be­
ences in survival and reproduction among indi­ come more common; less adaptive ones be­
viduals that show variation in one or more come less common or disappear.
152 A. Ginger has a postrate- growing rhizome. R Shoot growth is not effected by gravity.
153 A. Photomodulation of flowering is a phyto­ R Active form of phytochrome (Pfr) directly in­
chrome - regulated process. duces floral induction in shoot buds.
154 A. Cyclic pathway of photosynthesis first ap­ R Oxygen started accumulating in the atmos­
peared in some eubacterial species. phere after the non -cyclic pathway of photo­
synthesis evolved.
155 A. Nitrogen fixing bacteria in legume root R Leghemoglobin completely removes oxygen
nodules survive in oxygen - depleted cells of from the nodule cells.
156 A. Red algae contribute in producing coral R Some red algae secreted and deposit cal­
reefs. cium carbonate over their walls.
157. A. Insects visit flowers to gather honey. R Attraction to flowers prevents the insects
from damaging other parts of the plant.
158 A. Coconut tree is distributed in coastal areas R Coconut fruit can float and get dispersed
over a large part of the world. over thousands of kilometers before losing vi­
159 A. Deficiency of sulphur causes chlorosis in R Sulphur is a constituent of chlorophyll pro­
plants. teins and nucleic acids.
16Q A. Cattle breeds can be improved by su­ R Superovulation in high milk -yielding cows is
perovulation and embryo transplantation. induced by hormonal injection.
c h e m is t r y
161 A. HCIO 4 is a stronger acid than HCIO 3. R Oxidation state of Cl in HCIO 4 is + VII and
in HCI0 3 + V.

162 A. The free gaseous Cr atom has six un­ R Half filled ‘s’ drbital has greater stability.
paired electrons.
163 A. The [Nifen^] Cl2 (en=ethylene diamine) R In (Ni(en)3J Cl2 geometry of Ni is trigonal
has lower stability than [Ni(NH 3)6l Cl2. bipyramidal.

164 A. Sb (III) is not precipitated as sulphide R The concentration of S ion in alkaline me­
when in its alkaline solution H2S is passed. dium is inadequate for precipitation.
165 A. Nuclear binding energy per nucleon is in R Binding energy per nuclear increases linearly
the order 9Be > 3Li > 2He with difference in number of neutrons and pro­
166 A. Mg is not present in enamel of human R Mg is an essential element for biological
teeth. functions of human .
167 A. Carboxypeptidase is an exopepcidase. R It cleaves the N -terminal bond.
168 A. Sucrose is an non- reducing sugar. R It has glyscosidic linkage.
169 A. Isobutanal does not give iodoform test. R It does not have a - hydrogen.
17Q A. Styrene in reaction with HBr gives 2- R Benzyl radical is more stable than alkyl radi­
bromo-2 - phenyl-ethane. cal.
171 A. The pka of acetic acid is lower than that of R Phenoxide ion is more resonance stabilized.
172 A. 2- Bromobutane on reaction with sodium R 1- Butene is more stable than 2-butene.
ethoxide in ethanol gives 1 -butene as a major
173 A. The major products formed by heating R Benzyl cation is more stable than methyl cat­
C6HsCH2OCH 3 with HI are C^Hs CH2I and ion.

174 A. Molar entropy of vaporization of water is R Water is more polar than ethanol.
different from ethanol.
175 A. Aqueous gold colloidal solution is red in R The colour arises due to scattering of light by
colour. colloidal gold particles.
176 A. Copper metal gets readily corroded in an R Free energy change for this process is posi­
acidic aqueous solution. tive.
177. A. Addition of silver tons to a mixture of R Ksp of AgCl < Ksp of AgBr.
aqueous sodium chloride and sodium bromide
solution will first precipitate AgBr rather than
178 A. Alcohols are dehydrated to hydrocarbons R Zeolites are porous catalysts.
in the presence of acidic zeolites.
179 A. Ail F -S-F angle inSF4greaterthan 90° R- The lone pair-bond pair repulsion isweaker
but less than 180° than pair-bond pair repulsion.

18Q A. Effusion rate of oxygen is smaller than ni- R Molecular size of nitrogen is smaller than
trogen. oxygen.

181 A. A larger dry cell has higher emf. R The emf of a dry cell is proportional to its
182 A. A red object appears dark in the yellow R The red colour is scattered less.
183 A. in a pressure cooker the water is brought R The impurities in water bring down its boil­
to boil. The cooker is then removed from the ing point.
stove. Now on removing the lid of the pressure
cooker, the water starts boiling again.
184 A. The true geographic north direction is R The magnetic meridian of the earth is along
found by using a compass needle. the axis of rotation of the earth.
185 A. There are very small sporadic changes in R Shifting of large air masses in the earth’s at­
the period of rotation of the earth. mosphere produce a change in the moment of
inertia of the earth causing its period of rotation
to change.
186 A. In a transistor the base is made thin. R A thin base makes the transistor stable.

187. A. ^ r from the radioactive fall .'out from a R The energetic (3 -particles emitted in the de­
nuclear bomb ends up in the bones of human cay of ^Sr damage the bone marrow.
beings through the milk consumed by them. It
causes impairment of the production of red
blood cells.
188 A. At the first glance, the top surface of the R Different pigments in the wing reflect light at
Morpho butterfly’s wing appears a beautiful different angles.
blue- green. If the wing moves, the colour

189 A. A famous painting was painted by not us­ R The angular separation o f adjacent dots
ing brush strokes in the usual manner, but changes with the distance from the painting.
rather a myriad of small colour dots. In this
painting the colour you see at any given place
on the painting changes as you move away.
190 A. A disc-shaped magnet is levitated above a R Superconductors repel a magnet.
super conducting material that has been
cooled by liquid nitrogen.
191 A. Energy is released in nuclear fission. R Total binding energy of the fission fragments
is larger than the total binding energy of the
parent nucleus.
192 A. Smaller drops of liquid resist deforming R Excess pressure inside drop is directly pro­
forces better than the larger drops. portional to its surface area.
193 A. The melting point of ice decreases with in­ R Ice contracts on melting.
crease or pressure.
194 A. Heavy water is preferred over ordinary R Heavy, water, used for slbwing down the
water as a moderator in reactors. neutrons, has lesser absorption probability of
neutrons than ordinary water.
195 A. The driver in a vehicle moving with a con­ R A reference frame in which Newton’s laws of
stant speed on a straight road is in a non iner­ motion are applicable is non inertial.
tial frame of reference.
196 A. In He - Ne laser, population inversion R Helium atoms have a meta-stable energy
takes place between energy levels of Neon at­ level.
197. A. A transistor amplifier in common emitter R The base to emitter region is forward biased.
configuration has a low input impedance.
198 A. Thermodynamic processes in nature are R Dissipative effects can not be eliminated.
199 A. Crystalline solids can cause X- rays to dif­ R Interatomic distance is crystalline solids is of
fract. the order of 0.1 nm.
20Q A. Photoelectric effect demonstrates the R The number of photo electron is propor­
wave nature of light. tional to the frequency of light.

answ ers W it h EXPLANATIONS

6. K. present in the midgut lumen. The gut pro­
teases process them hydrolytically to release
1.(4) 2.(1) 3.(4) 4.(3) 5.(1) 6.(3) 7.(1) 8.(2) 9.(4)
the core toxic fragments. As a result the brush
10.(2) 11.(2) 12.(1) 13.(3) 15.(2) 16.(1) 17.(2) border membranes develop pores which
18.(3) 19.(1) 20.(2) causes their swelling and eventual lysis due to
B 101*06 Y the influx of ions and water into the epithelial
cells. The insects or caterpillars which con­
21. Ans. (4) The prefix “ Bt” in Bt-cotton means sume the plant dies. Thus an effective way of
Bacillus thuringensis. Bt-cotton is a genetically controlling the pest.
modified cotton plant which carries cry gene 22. Ans (2) Ventral nerve cord is present in leech,
from Bacillus thuringensis bacteria. The cry cockroach and scorpion. Nephridia is the ex­
gene of B thuringensis produces a protein cretory organ of leech. In cockroach and scor­
which forms crystalline inclusions in the bac­ pion the excretory organ is malphigian
terial spores. These crystal proteins are re­ tubules.
sponsible for the insecticidal activities of the
bacterial strains. 23. Ans. (4) Unidirectional transmission of a
nerve impulse through nerve fibre is due to
Since cry gene is present in the plant itself, it
the fact that neurotransmitters are released by
produces cry proteins. When these proteins
are ingested by insects, along with the parts of the axon endings. When an impulse reaches
plant, they are dissolved in the alkaline juices the end of an axon, it causes the release of
chemical neurotransmitter molecules at most
synapse. These molecules diffuse across the hairs all over the body, etc. are some of the
synaptic cleft, bind to receptor proteins in the characters which our ancestors had. During
postsynaptic membrane and induces changes the course o f evolution these characters were
in the postsynaptic cell. Excitatory neurotrans­ masked and new ones are expressed.
mitters open chemically gated channels that
31. Ans (1) National Institute of Virology is situ­
allow Na* and K* to diffuse through them, de­ ated in Pune.
polarising the postsynaptic cell.
32. Ans (3) Electron beam therapy is a kind of
24. Ans. (4) The human genome is 3 billion base radiation therapy to treat certain types of can­
pairs long and contains 50-100 000 genes ar­ cer. In this radiation therapy, the cancerous
ranged on 23 chromosomes. The genes ac­ cells are exposed to radiation to kill the cells
count for 25 % o f the DNA. The rest is and prevent growth of the tumour.
extragenic DNA.
33. Ans. (2). Severe acute respiratory syndrome
25. Ans (4) The Great Barrier Reef along the east (SARS) is a viral respiratory illness caused by
coast of Australia can be categorized as Bi- a coronavirus, called SARS-associated coro-
ome. Biome is a broad, regional type of eco­ navirus (SARS- CoV). It was first reported in
system characterized by distinctive climate Asia in February 2003. During the SARS out­
and soil conditions and a distinctive kind of break of February-July 2003, a total of 8,437
biological community adapted to those condi­ people worldwide became sick with SARS; of
tions. these, 813 died. Symptoms of SARS are high
26. Ans (4) Hombill and Indian Aconite is a pair fever (above 38° C) and cough or breathing
of endangered species. difficulty. SARS seems to spread by close per-
son-to-person contact. It is most readily trans­
27. Ans. (1) Amphetamines are stimulant. It
mitted by respiratory droplets when an
stimulates nervous system, makes a person
infected person coughs or sneezes
more wakeful, increase alertness and activity,
produce excitement. LSD is hallucinogen, 34. Ans (3) Cattle fed with spoilt hay of sweet
heroin is narcotic and benzodiazepine is a de­ clover which contains dicumarol may suffer
pressant. vitamin k deficiency and prolonged bleeding.
28. Ans. (2) The sinoatrial (SA) node in mam­ 35. Ans. (3) Tigers play an important role in an
mals and birds, is the site where each heart­ ecosystem. If the population o f tigers are less
beat originates. It is a vestige of the sinus or if it becomes extinct, there will be an eco­
venosus of the fish heart. SA serves as the logical imbalance. The numbers of herbivores
pacemaker, the site o f origin of the heartbeat. will increase so much and consequently they
will die due to the scarcity of food. Soil ero­
29. Ans. (2) In photosynthetic bacteria the
sion, enundation, flood and destruction of
abrorption of a photon of light by the photo­
habitats are some of the consequences if ti­
synthetic unit results in the transmission of an
gers are removed or if it becomes extinct from
energetic electron from the pigment P to fer-
the ecosystem. And the gene pool will be lost
redoxin. The electron then leaves ferredoxin,
passing along an electron transport chain and
eventually combining with a proton to form a 36. Ans. (1) Nitrogen oxides are highly reactive
hydrogen atom. In the sulfur bacteria, the gases formed when nitrogen in fuel or com­
proton in extracted from hydrogen sulfide, bustion air is heated to temperatures above
leaving elemental sulphur as a by-product. 650° C (1200° F) in the presence of oxygen.
30. Ans. (3) Atavism is a phenomenon in which The initial product, nitric oxide (NO), oxidizes
some of the ancestral characters are ex­ further in the atmosphere to nitrogen dioxide
pressed all of a sudden. Presence of tail, body (N O 2), a reddish brown gas that gives photo­
chemical smog its distinctive colour. Nitrogen other chromosome: of these, half have a ge­
oxides combine with water to make nitric acid netic deficiency of adenosine deaminase
(NHO 3). which is also a major component of (ADA) or purine nucleoside phosphorylase
atmospheric acidification. (PNP). Deficiency of these purine degrada­
tion enzymes results in the accumulation of
37. Ans (3) The addition of certain organic mate­
metabolites that are toxic to lymphoid stem
rials, such as sewage paper pulp , or food -
cells namely dATP and dGTP These metabo­
processing wastes, to water stimulates oxygen
lites inhibit the enzyme ribonucleotide reduc­
consumption by decomposers. The impact of
tase which is required for DNA synthesis, and
these materials on water quality can be ex­
therefore for cell replication.
pressed in terms of biological oxygen demand
(BOD): a standard test of the amount of dis­ 41. Ans. (1) During fertilization in plants, the pol­
solved oxygen consumed by aquatic microor­ len tube enters the ovule through the mi-
ganisms over a five day, period. Oxygen cropyle, the tube nucleus degenerates and the
levels begin to fall as decomposers metabolize tip of the tube bursts, releasing the male gam­
waste material. Death of fish will occur due to etes in the vicinity of the embryo sac which
lack of oxygen. Rough fish such as carp bull­ they enter. One nucleus fuses with the female
heads. and gar. are able to survive in this oxy­ gamete, forming a diploid zygote, and the
gen poor environment where they eat both other fuses with the two polar nuclei (or dip­
decomposed organisms and the waste itself. loid nucleus) forming a triploid nucleus
Due to the large influx of organic waste, the known as the primary endosperm nucleus.
growth of algae and aquatic plant increase in 42. Ans. (3) Southern blot is a procedure used
lake. And also the deposition of silt organic for identifying a specific gene, in which DNA
sediments caused by cultural eutrophication from the source being tested is cut into frag­
can accelerate the "aging" of the water body. ments with restriction enzymes and seperated
38. Ans. (2) Many metals such as mercury, lead, by gel electrophoresis, denaturation into sin­
cadmium, and nickel are highly toxic. Levels gle strands then blotted onto a sheet of nitro­
in the parts per million range can be fatal. Mi­ cellulose and probed with purified, labeled
namata disease was caused due to mercury single-stranded DNA corresponding to a spe­
poisoning in Japan in the 1950s. Many birth cific gene; if the DNA matching the specific
defects and permanent brain damaged chil­ probe is present in the source DNA, it is vis­
dren were bom by mothers who consumed ible as a band by radioactive label on the
mercury contaminated seafood while preg­ sheet.
nant. 43. Ans. (4) Thalidomide is a sedative which was
39. Ans. (3) Artificial pacemaker is used in pa­ most widely used in sleeping pill in the 1960s.
tients with irregularity of the heart beat. It When used by pregnant woman, it caused
transmit repetitive electrical impulse to the abnormal fetal development resulting in pho-
heart in such a manner that the heart rate is comelia (meaning seal-like limbs), in which
maintained at a suitable level. there is a hand or foot, but no arm or leg.
There is evidence that taking a single thalido­
40. Ans. (3) Gene therapy is the introduction of a
mide pill in the first weeks of pregnancy is suf­
normal functional gene into cells that contain
ficient to cause these tragic birth-defects.
the defective allele of the gene. Severe com­
Ironically, thalidomide has positive as well as
bined Immuno deficiency (SCID) are more
negative features. The drug has been found to
common in males than female infants. This is
be effective in treating leprosy and is being
because 50% of SCID cases are caused by
tested against AIDS, cancer, retinal degenera­
gene on the X-chromosome. The remaining
tion, and tissue rejection in organ transplants
cases of SCID are due to recessive genes on
44. Ans. (4) Inheritance of attached ear-lobes is roplast components are located in the nu­
an autosomal recessive character. In the pedi­ cleus.
gree chart given, the parents are heterozygous 50. Ans. (3) Auxin is synthesized in apical mer-
for the gene. Since attached ear-lobes is an istems of shoots. It diffuses down stems and
autosomal recessive, it can be expressed only suppress the growth of lateral buds. Ethylene
in homozygous recessive condition. So the is produce around lateral buds under the in­
progeny with attached ear-lobes are homozy­ fluence of auxin. The ethylene in turn inhibits
gous recessive and the others are heterozy­ growth of the lateral buds. In contrast to aux­
gous normal and homozygous normal. ins, cytokinins stimulate growth of lateral
45. Ans. (3) In Inversion, a segment of the chro­ branches. Cytokinins are produced in the
mosome is inverted so the the sequence of roots and transported throughout the plants.
gene is altered. In pericentric inversion, cen­ So prunning of plants reduces auxins which
tromere is involved and in paracentric inver­ are synthesized in shoots thus axillary buds
sion, inversion of segment takes place on are sensitized to cytokinins.
either arm of the chromosome. 51. Ans. (1) Sugarcane is a monocot piant. In
46. Ans. (2) The codon A A A codes for amino monocots the guard cells are dumb-bell
acid lysine. UUA codes for leucine ; AUG for shaped and the leaves shows parallel vena­
methionine and CCG for proline. tion.

47. Ans. (2) Antivenom is specific immunoglobu­ 52. Ans (2) Potato and sweet potato are analo­
lins against snake poison. Treatment of snake­ gous organs which are edible parts of the
bite by antivenom is an artificially acquired plant.
passive immunity. Artificially acquired passive 53. Ans. (3) In Ulothrix the sexual reproduction is
immunity is produced by the injection of ap­ isogamous. The species may be homothallic
propriate levels of specific immunoglobulins. or heterothallic. In homothallic species, the
48. Ans (2) The Pseudomonas are a group of isogametes taking part comes from the two
bacteria noted for their ability to break down different cells of the same filaments, whereas
esoteric compounds that most microbes shun. in heterothallic species they come from two
In particular various strains of Pseudomonas different filaments. The gametes fuse to from
can consume hydrocarbons, which constitute the zygote. The zygote after a short resting pe­
the bulk of oil and petrol. However, each indi­ riod undergoes meioses and 4 to 16 aplano-
vidual strain can utilize only one or a few of ipores or zoospores are produced.
the many different types of hydrocarbons. 54. Ans. (4) Gas exchange through the periderm
The genes that code for the enzymes which is necessary for the metabolic activities o f the
attack hydrocarbons are not found on the living cells o f the phelloderm and vascular
main chromosome, but on plasmids. Many cambium beneath. This exchange takes place
species of Pseudomonas are pathogenic and through lenticels areas, of loosely organised
are the opportunistic pathogen of humans. cork cells, which often are easily identifiable
And some species o f Pseudomonas helps in on the outer surface of bark.
denitrifying of soil nitrate.
55. Ans. (3) The genetic variability present
49. Ans. (3) D N A is present in mitochondria and among cultured cells, plants derived from
chloroplasts. These organelles contain their such cells or progeny of such plants is called
own DNA, on which are located several genes somaclonal variation. Generally the term is
that produced some of the proteins essential used for plants or cells obtained from cells ob­
for their own metabolism. But the genes tained in uitro. Plants regenerated from tissue
which specify mitochondrial division is in the
nucleus. Likewise, the genes that specify chlo-
and cell cultures show heritable variation for
62. Ans.(2) A g* ion with CN~ ion (in excess)
both qualitative and quantitative traits.
gives a complex compound having co-ordina­
56. Ans (2) In the high altitude birds become rare tion number two.
or extinct, the tree which may disappear
along with them is Oak. Ag" C f + Na* C N ~ ------ ►Na [A g f C N k ]

57. Ans. (3) Sieve-tube elements are intimately Complex with co-ordination number two
associated with specialized parenchyma cells
63. Ans. (1) Organo metallic compounds con­
known as companion cells. Companion cells
tains one or more metal-carbon bonds. They
apparently carry out some of the metabolic
can be sigma bonded or 7t-bonded organo
functions that are needed to maintain the as­
metallics. Grignard reagent is an example of
sociated eunucleated sieve-tube members.
former one where as Zeis’ salt and Ferrocene
Companion cells have all of the components
are the example of later one. Cis-platin is an
of normal parenchyma cells.
anti- cancer agent and it is an example of co­
58. Ans. (1) Mosses and ferns are found in moist ordination complex compound. It is clear
and shady places because they require pres­ from the structure that cis-platin does not
ence of water for fertilization. contain any metal-carbon bond.
59. Ans. (2) Cork cambium, a second kind of lat­
eral cambium, normally develops first in the H>X ' 71
pericycie while the vascular cambium is be­
coming established. Later cork cambia devel­ j/ " \ !
h ,n K - -------- V
ops in patches from the parenchyma of
secondary phloem. The cells that the cork
cambium produces outwardly are mainly ra­ co-ordination
dial rows of densely packed cork cells. The in­ complex
ner layers contain large amounts of a fatty
substance, suberin, which makes the layers of
cork nearly impermeable to water. " / I H H
Pt |
60. Ans. (2) A cross of the genotype AABBCC
I H 3C —Mg - X
and aabbcc will produce the heterozygote
a Zei.: ^ 7 - b ^ r f r-bondcc organo
progeny AaBaCc in Fj generation. The differ­ metallic
organo metallic
ent type of gemetes of F] progeny will be 8 ,
that is, each gene has two alleles and there 64. Ans. (4) Dimethyl glyoxime,
are three genes ( 2 3). CH 3 . C : NOH
C H E M IS T R Y , reacts with Ni salt in the

61. Ans. (3) Hydroxide of alkaline earth metals CH 3 . C : NOH

are basic that is why B e(O H >2 and Mg (OH ^ presence of NH 4 OH to give red precipitate of
is basic. The member of Boron family hydrox­ nickel dimethyl glyoxime. N H 4 OH is basic,
ides shows a gradual change on moving so, best pH range will be 9-11.
down the group i.e., from acidic character to 65. Ans. (1) Nitrogen forms oxide in all oxidation
basic character via amphoteric character. For state from +1 to +V. These compounds are
example. B (O H ^ (orthoboric acid) is acidic, ♦l .2 -3 .4 .5

A I (O H )3 is amphoteric. Ga (OHfo is also am­ N2 0. NO. N 2 0 3, N 0 2. N 2 O s

photeric and In (O H ^ is distinctly base. 66 . Ans. (3 )2 K M n 0 4 + 3 H 2S 0 4 + 5 H 2 0 2
►K 2 SO„ + 2 Mn S 0 4 + 8 H2 O + 5 0 2
It is dear from chemical equation that 2 moles 71. Ans. (1) In general, solid metals expands or
of KM0O 4 requires 5 moles of H 20 2. So, 1 acquire more volume after melting and liquid
mole of KMn0 4 will require ^ moles of H 2 0 2. metals (which exist in liquid state naturally)
expands on solidification.
67. Ans. (2) Azide ion ( N 3 ) is linear ion. With 72. Ans. (3) Mercurous chloride (Hg 2Cl2> is insol­
CS2 it gives azidocarbon disulphide (SCS N 3) uble in water. It is also known as calomel, it
it is a pseudohalogen. The formal oxidation forms a white solid precipitate.
state of nitrogen in azide ion ( N 3 ) is + 0.33. HgCl2 + Hg -> H g ^ k
insoluble ppt
68. Ans. (1) The molecule which do not have
73. Ans. (1) B (OM e )3 is obtained on heating bo­
plane of symmetry exhibit optical isomerism.
rates with methanol and conc. H 2 SO 4. This
But |^Co ( NH 3 >3 C/3J is symmetrical in struc­
compound bums with green edged flame.
ture, hence, does not show optical isomer
74. Ans. (4) If central atom contains lone pair of
electrons, it repels bond pair therefore, the
bond angle (O -N -O ) decreases. The com­
I / __ \ I en
pound N 0 2 does not contains any lone pair
on central atom and due to this reason its
V ^ . f > bond angle will be maximum.

L^sn 75. Ans. (4) Ionic compound dissociates rapidly

in aqueous solution and the value of dissocia­
(dextro) Mirror (taevo) tion constant is higher. The compound
♦ —
CH 3 NH 3 Cl is ionic compound and its dis­
[Co(«n)3l3+a 3
sociation constant value will be highest
69. Ans. (1) Due to smaller size of fluorine and its among the given list.
charge density it inhibits the incoming elec­
tron hence it required some energy to pump
one electron inside. So the order of electron
affinity is 0
Cl > Br > F > I. 76. Ans. (3) The compoundI H
H is 2° amine
in kJ/ mol 348 340 333 297 hence strong base though it is cyclic but it is

70. Ans. (2) The O 2 F2 molecule has the same saturated system. Rest are 1° and 2° unsatu­
rated structure.
shape as that of H 2 0 2 though the dihedral
angle is 87°, is rather smaller. The structure of 77. Ans. (1&4)
H2 0 2 and O 2 F2 are Isobutene contains only primary carbon
atom. It is clear from structure. H3C - C - CH 3
F 1 II

1; Jh /
1.58° j

Propyne ( H - C s C - CH 3 ) contains pri­

CH 2

mary hydrogen atom.

78. Ans. (1) The compound which follows
(4n + 2) Hiickel rule and which has conju­
HjOj gated system (alternate double and single
O f2
bond) are aromatic. Compound (2) is 4 n sys-
tem. compound (3) is also 4n-system com­ 82. Ans. (4) Primary bulky alkyl halides are easily
pound (4) is not conjugated system. Com- dehydrohalogenated in the presence of alco­

pound ♦
V is conjugated and it has two n holic KOH
KOH (ale)
electrons. CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 B r --------- ►
79. Ans. (3) The maximum value of dipole mo­ CH3 CH = Chfe+ HBr
ment is shown by that molecule which are
83. Ans. (3) p-methoxybenzyl bromide will react
asymmetrical in structure. Both side of the
with ethanol easily. It is because ring will reso­
molecule if contains different groups and nance stabilize with lone pair of electron of
these groups shows electron pumping and
electron withdrawing effect then molecule will
show maximum dipole moment. - O - CH 3 group and hence - CH 2 - Br
group will not face any electron withdrawing
C H 3 -C -< 0 ) effect from the ring.
C H j-B r
Pumping Withdrawing C H j-O H

Acetophenone contains C$Hs group (electron

withdrawing) and CH 3 (electron pumping)
group. That is why dipole moment for aceto­
phenone is maximum.
t + CHjCHjOH ■

:0 - C H j :R-CH,

84. Ans. (1) Thymine is a pyrimidine (a nitroge­

nous base of nucleic acid) having two possi­
80. Ans. (4) The compound 1 will ble binding site. It is clear from the structure
show Cis-trans geometrical isomerism. This is
due to the fact that on the both side of double
bond there is bulky group present i.e., methyl

and Cl— group.
81. Ans. (1) Most of the aldehydes and methyl
ketones reacts with NaH S0 3 to from sodium
bisulphite addition products
CH 3 - C = O + Na H S Q ,-----> 85. Ans. (3)
CH3 - C - S 0 3 Na
H + Br,+ F»-
Acetaldehyde. Na. bisulphate
addition product.
This bisulphate addition product are crystal­
line solids hence used for purification of alde­ 86. Aromatic nitrile can not be prepared by ArX
hyde and methyl ketone(not for aromatic + KCN. Only aliphatic nitrile can be prepared
ketone). by this method
Cj H5O H HjO Concentration o f aqueous NaCl
R - X + K C N ----------- ► 7 72
--------- — ---------* 0 16 mol/L
R - C = N + KX 2 x 0.082 lx 310
Major product
92.Ans. (3) For the reaction,
Rest all process is useful to prepare aromatic
nitrile. C 8 H 18 + | o 2 ------ > 8 C 0 2 + 9 H20
87. Ans. (3) Primary amides are highly polar
compounds. The inter molecular attractive C + 0 2 ------* C0 2 ( g ) ; A = - 490 J/mol
force in primary amides are maximum that is 2 H + | 0 2 ------►HzO(g); A H? = - 240 J/mol
why all the amides except formamide are
solid, therefore, melting point of amides are 8 C+ 9 H2 ------►Cg H 18 ; Aj1= + 160 J/mol
maximum. Heat evolved during the combustion of one
mole of C 8 H 18
88 Ans.(4) Pyridinium chlorochromate
+ = ( - 490 x 8) + ( - 24 0 x 9 ) - (+ 160)
( Q H 5 NH Cr 0 3 Cl ) abbreviated as PCC, = - 6080+ 160= - 5920 J
is a milder reagents which oxidizes primary al­ for 6 moles = - 35520 J = - 35. 5 kJ
cohol to aldehydes. It prevents the formation
93. Ans. (1) If the process is in equilibrium as in
of carboxylic acid.
the problem
PC Q C H j a 2)
H 2 O0) H 2 O (g) at 1 a/m ; 298 K.
R C H 2 O H -------- » R C H O
The standard free energy change is equal zero
89. Ans. (4) The enthalpy of vaporisation of the
(A G° = 0).
following compound are in increasing order
PH 3 < AsH 3 < N H 3 94. In the crystal system when the axial rotations
are a = b * c and the axial angles are
their boiling points are as follows.
a + p = 90°, y = 120° ; then the crystal sys­
PH3 ( - 88° C), AsH 3 ( - 55° C ),
tem is hexagonal and unit cell or Bravais lat­
N H 3 ( - 33.5° C) tice is simple.
90. Ans. (2) For principal quantum number n = 95.Ans. (3) Glycine is N-4 hydroxyphenylglycine
4; there will be s, p, d and /- orbitals. The az­ are slightly acidic compound.
imuthal quantum number i.e, I = 3, means /- pH of the solution of glycine can be calcu­
orbitals. There are seven different orientation lated as
in a f-sub-shell. These are
K a j= 4.5 x IQ -3
m —-3, -2, -1,0, +1, +2,+3.
and Ka2 = 1.7 x 1 0 10 at STP
(S e v e n /- o r b ita ls )

To calculate total number of orbitals in the So, relative strength =

sub-shells = 2 I + 1 .
or, The pH of solution * 6.1
so, = 2 x 3 + 1 = 7.
96. Ans. (3) For the following change
91. Ans. (1) Given,
Osmotic pressure of blood — 7 .8 bar = 7. 72 •2 (gjT " 2I(g); A H°298 k = + 150kJ
atm. This is endothermic process, so it require to in­
Temperature = 273 + 37 = 310 K. crease the temperature of the system to shift
the reaction towards the product.
NaCl will dissociate in to two ions i.e.,
Na+ and CP. 97. Ans. (3) In the Daniel cell electrons moves
so, i = 2 (vaut Hoff's foctor) from zinc electrode to copper electrode, there­
fore, by convension current moves from cop­
Osmotic pressure, (P) = i C R T.
per electrode to zinc electrode because the di­ PHYSICS
rection of current is opposite to the direction
of flow of electrion of electron.But from the 101. Ans. (3) The motor boat produces two types
salt bridge positive or cations move towards of disturbances in water as:-
copper electrode. (i) During sailing in water, it disturbs the sur­
Direction of flow of current face of water, which causes the transverse
•«- waves in water.
(ii) Again the boat produces sound which also
propagates through the water. And we
know that the sound wave in water is lon­
So, it produces both the longitudinal as well
as the transverse wave in water.
102. Ans. (2) The angular momentum is as

L = r x p
where r = Radius Vector

p = Linear Momentum Vector

A Daniel c*Q
The direction of angular momentum L is per-
98. Ans. (1) Cellulose is a natural polymer, a ma­ —► —►
jor constituent o f plant life. It is a biodegrad­ pendicular to the plane formed by r and p
able polymer. which means that L is not parallel to to as
99. Ans. (4) For the reaction shown in the following figure:-

0 5 (g)--- ►2 N 0 2 (g) + g C>2o)

It is first order reaction. For a first order reac­

tion involving thedissociation of a reactant,
From the expression of rate constant
. 1 . [N 2 O 5]0 . [N 2 0 5lo
k = - In ... ^ . or, In „ . = kt
t (N 2 0 5), [N 2 Os),
100. Ans. (1) Ozone layer in stratosphere is se-
pleted by chlorofluoro carbon o f Feron i.e.,
CC12 F2.
c f 2 ci2 --------- ►a - + c- f 2 a
Free radicals.
Exptanafion of figure:-
C / (g) + C >3(g) C D ,’3) + 0 2(g)
A particle of mass m is rotating with velocity
(ozone deplection).
v in a circle of radius ‘a’ about the z-axis of
C 10 (g)+ 0 (g) ■ C lfe * 0 2(b) (further an intertial frame of reference, then the direc­
growth of free radical). tion Of angular momentum vector is as shown
in the above figure.

When we see the formula it looks like that L

is parallel to the linear momentum. But this is
not the exact fact. Always, for the orbital mo-
tion, the angular momentum is perpendicular p0 = density of the liquid
to the orbital plane.

103. Ans. (3) The mass of nucleus V

= m = A (a.m.u.) r| = coefficient of viscosity
The momentum of the nucleus before emis­ So from the above formula
sion of a -particle is zero.
Now the mass of a-particle
106. Ans. (3) Since we know that the frequency
= ma = 4 (a.m.u)
of vibration o f the mass attached with the
So, pa = momentum of a -particle. spring is
= ma . v
v = -^-V R T m
= 4u 2 7t
Now presidua|= momentum of residual where K = Spring constant.
nucleus And in the case of spring if there are two
springs, then their spring constants can be
= ^residual x V
added to from the total spring constant of the
= (A - 4). V
system as
[ because mr = A - 4 (a. m. u.)]
K = K j+ Kg + --------
According to the conservation of momentum,
= K+K = 2 K
both moves in opposite direction. So,
So, the frequency is now
4v - (A - 4). V = 0
=> (A - 4). V = 4 u v = t^ - aS k TM

V = - 4 -u -
(A - 4 )’ 107. Ans According to the Einstein’s photoelec­
tric effect, the relation is as:—
104. Ans. (2) The energy equivalent of mass of
Energy of coming photon
the electron and positron is 0.51 MeV.
= work function of the substance
So, the total energy released
+ K. E. of photoelectron.
= 0.51 Mev x 2
Here the incident photon having energy 4 eV
= 1.02 *MeV
and the work function 2 eV. So the K.E. ac­
= 1.02 jc l t f e V quired by the photoelectron is
= 1.02 x 106 x 1.6 x 10"19J K .E = 4 e V - 2 eV
= 1.63 x 10‘ 13J = 2 eV
But according to the question our task is to
105. Ans. (1) The terminal velocity is the maxi­
stop the emission of electron, i.e. there should
mum constant velocity acquired by the body
not be K. E. acquired by the photoelectrons.
while falling freely in a viscous medium
So, to stop the electron, we have to apply
If the body is a sphere, then the terminal ve­ some reverse potential. And as we know the
locity of that sphere in the viscous liquid is potential corresponding to 2 eV is 2V. So, the
2. R2 (p - p0 ). g reverse potential of 2V is applied to stop the
u= emission of photo electrons having energy of
2 eV.
wheru R = Radius of the body (sphere here)
p = density of the body 108. Ans. (1) In magnetic field, the Lorentz law
gives, F = Bq. v
where B = magnetic field
' V
q = charge on the particle
v = velocity of the particle.
and E oc — for the region r > R.
The another force on the particle is centrifugal
i mv2 So, the graph between E and r is as follows: -
force = -----
where r = radius of the circular path.
For the stability of the system, both the forces
will balance each other i.e.

( 1)
Now the radius of circular path formed by a-
partide is
ma. v

(2 )
4x x V 111. Ans. (1) If we draw a surface in such a way
B x 2 qp that the electric potential is the same at all the
points lying on the surface, it is called an
where q „ = charge on a - particle
equipotential surface. The component of elec­
= 2 x qp tric field parallel to an equipotential surface is
(where qp = charge on proton) zero because the potential does not change in
mo = mass of a- particle
this direction. Thus the electric field is perpen­
= 4 x mp dicular to the equipotential surface.
(where mp = mass of proton)
Similarly, rp = radius of circular path formed In our question, the equipotential surface is in­
creasing in the x-direction. So, the electric
by proton is
field is in the perpendicular direction of axis
n^v i.e. parallel to YZ-plane
112. Ans. (2) According to the Stefan -Boltzmann
From equation (2) and (3) formula of thermal radiation, we know that
r^ trip, v B . 2 q! E__ 2 _ I
u = oT4 .A
r, B q p 4 . mp . v 4 2
= a T4. (n r2)
rp : r» = 1 : 2
where o = Stefans constant
109. Ans. (1) the positrons are positive electrons T = temperature of the body
i.e. having the mass of equal to electron and r = radius of the spherical body.
unit +ve charge. According to the question
Now, when the two beams of the positron are Uj = o T4 . jit2
coming together and separated by a small dis­
tance, then due to the same charge on the 7i x (100 r)2
beam they repell each other.
When we place one magnet, in that case, the T
X Jl X 10000 X r*
beam will deflect normal to the plane contain­ 16
ing the two beams. oT4x n x 1
110. Ans. (2) Actually Ul 16 r T4. if*
E * r for the region r < R 10000
U2 116. Ans. (4) If a single particle of mass ‘m’
= 625
UJ moves with velocity v*in a circle about the z-
113. Ans. (2) Generally in metal if the tempera­ axis, of an intertial frame of reference, then
ture increases, the resistance of the metal in­ the direction of angular velocity to lies on the
creases and conductivity decreases and Z-axis and points upward as shown in the fig­
vise-versa ure
But the opposite happens in the semiconduc­
tor i.e. as the temperature increases the resis­
tance decreases and conductivity increases
and vise-versa
This relation between temperature and resis­
tivity of semiconductor is linear in nature so, (-m ift
the graph is simply decreasing graph
114. Ans. (3) According to the continuity equa­
tion, the total mass of fluid going into the tube
through any cross-section is equal to the total
mass coming out the same tube from other
cross section in the same time i.e.
Aj Vj = A 2 v 2 = constant
where A = C. S. A
v = Velocity of the fluid. 117. Ans. (1) Actually in foggy weather, the light
can not travell more. So, we need a light
In our problem, we need the relation be­
tween Pressure and Velocity based on the con­ which can travell less distance in foggy
tinuity equation. Bemoulls principle is true for weather. For that we need one light which can
that as it relates scatter less by the fog particle so that we can
get the illuminisance at a far distance also.
P + pgh + ^ p v2 = constant And the nature of yellow light is that, it can
scatter less by the fog particle and gives illu­
so, the relation is followed by Bernoulli’s prin­
ciple. minance at a far distance also.
So, we are preffering sodium lamp which
115. Ans. (4) From the Biot-Savert law, we know
—y » gives yellow light in foggy weather.
that the magnetic field B along the axis of the
118. Ans. (1) From the Biote-Savert law, we
circular wire is
know that the magnetic field:—
Ho • i • R2 For inside i.e. r < a , is
B= \3/2
2 (R 2 + rzf Ho 2L r
where R = Radius of the circular wire 4w R2
r= distance of the point of reference => B ocr
along the axis of the circular wire,
Again for outside i.e. r > a
when r > > R, then
r Mo 21
Ho - i RZ
2 r3
„ 1 Ho- i R 2 r
B ac a s ---- ----- = constant
i 2

119. Ans. (2) All the V - t graphs except (2) And the maximum audible frequency
shows the reverse time i.e.-ve time, which is = 20000 Hz
not possible. So number of overtones
120. Ans (4)Momentum before collision = 0 _ 2 — - 2 0 0 0 0

” v0 ~ 1500
According to the conservation of momentum.
The total momentum before collision.
= total momentum after collision
=> 1 x 80 - 2 x v = 0 n = 6.5
where velocity is -ve because both the frag­ so the maximum number of overtones gener­
ments will move in opposite direction. ated equals to 6 .
=> 80 = 2 v 124. Ans. (1) Magnetic Resonance Imaging
=5 v = 40 m/sec. The magnetic resonance imaging is related to
Again the total energy impact is the sum of the nuclear magnetic resonance. Actually the
their Kinetic Energies i.e. image shows the effect of that body on the
K.Ej + KEz surroundings. Due to the magnetic resonance
imaging, we can find out the nuclear size, the
2 x n ij X Vi +
2 1 2
V2 r-cascading etc.
Now due to the electron spin resonance, we
= | x 1 x (80)2 + | x 2 x (40)2 can have the wave nature of the electron
Electron paramagnetic resonance gives the
= 80 x 40 + 40 x 40 magnetic properties of material
= 3200+ 1600
125. Ans. (2) The carbon having half life as 5600
= 4800J years. So the range of the half life of the carb­
= 48KJ on is in the range of 10 years to 104 years.
The best performance of the exact calcula­
121. Ans. (3) When the monochromatic light is tions of the age limit is in the range of the just
passed through the thin film of mica, the light above of their half life period, i.e. the range of
remains monochromatic. So that the fringes the carbon dating which is best suited for de­
formed due to the interference of the mono­ termining the age of fossils having in the or­
chromatic light will remain the same. But due der of 104 years .
to the thin mica sheet, the wavelength of the
126. Ans. (3) According to the question
monochromatic light will change. So the
C = capacitance
fringe pattern will obviously shift either up­
ward direction or downward direction. But = 40nF= 40x lO^F
the width of the pattern will remain the same. V = 3000 V
t = 2 m sec
N ote:- when the monochromatic light looses its
monochromatic character, in that case the = 2 x 1 0 '3 sec.
fringe pattern disappears.
E -iQ .C
122. Ans. (4)
When the two mediums are coming in con­ E = ^ * V*C
tact and one becomes invisible, it means that
their refractive index are matching = I X (3000) X 40 X 10-6
123. Ans. (2) Fundamental frequency
= v0= 1500 Hz. = ^ x 9 x 40 = 180
E 129. Ans. (3) Actually the liquid oxygen having
power = -
the ferromagnetic behaviour. The ferromag­
180 netic substances caused by a domain struc­
‘2 x 1 C 3 ture. Such type of substance has a large
susceptibility. It shows the hysterisis cycle.
= 90 x 103 = 9 0 K W
The paramagnetic substance is having small
127. Ans. (1) This is the case of mixed circuits i.e.
susceptibility. The paramagnetic behaviour is
cells having internal resistances and the outer
due to the unpaired electron spins.
resistance is connected in rows and columns.
For that circuit, the total current 1flows The diamagnetic substance having the -ve
susceptibility. The diamagnetism is a weaker
_ j_ m- n- E effect than paramagnetism and ferromagne­
nr + mR tism.
where In these materials, the materials having two or
m = number of cells in parallel rows = 100
more types of atoms with magnetic moments.
n = number of cells in a single row= 5000
E = e.m.f of each cell = 0.15 V The magnetic moment of one type can align
r = 100 resistance of each cell = 0.25 £1 antiparallel with those of the other type.
R = outer resistance i.e. resistance7of the parallel cell In antiferromagnetism, the susceptibility in­
= 500 n creases with temperature upto a certain point.
_ 100 x 5000 X 0.15 Above this temperature the material becomes
" = 5000 X 0.25 + 100 X 500 paramagnetic
500000 ( x 0.15) Note:- Ferrimagnetism is a particular form of an­
500 (10 x 0.25+ 100 ) tiferromagnetism.
150 130. Ans. (3)
“ 2 .5 + 100
131. Ans. (2) According to the question it is given
150 , , . that
= 102.5 '
X = 100 pm = 10 x 10-12 m.
128. Ans. (2) According to the reversible cycle
The energy E = hv
the equation of state is
PV = n RT h-—
= — C /u C^
(because v = — )
So, At the position A, we have
where h = Planck’s constant
Po V0 = n RT 0 ---------(1)
= 6.6 x 10 - “ j . sec
Again at the position B,
_ 6.6 x 10-34 x 3 x 108
(2 PQ) . V 0 = n RT i
10 x 1 0 '12
=> 2 (P 0 V 0 ) = n R T !
= 1.98 x 1 C 14J '
=> 2 x n R T 0= n R T j
1.98 x 10’ 14 tf
(because P 0VQ= n RT0) = -------------- T3" ev
i ,6 x n r 19
=5> T j = 2 T0
Now the efficiency of the cycle is = 1.23 X l t f e V

_ 1 Jo 1 Jo . = 123 x 103 eV = 123 keV

11 Tj 2 T„ = 12.3 keV « app. 15
132. Ans. (3) The colours we are seeing after re­
flection is generally a phenomenon of inter­
So the % efficiency = 50 %
ference except the colours shown by the shaped boxes placed between the poles of a
prism which is a dispersion phenomenon. strong permanent magnet. Within these dec,
Actually the disc contains so many layers. the particles describe a semicircular orbit. The
When the white light gets reflected from these frequency of that revolving charged particle is
different layers, then they interfere with each
other. Due to these interference we see the
Here given that'
133. Ans. (4) Here all the diagonal charges with B = 1 Tesla
Cl" having opposite directions. So they cancel q = electron charge
each other. = 1.6 x 10”19C
Let us see this in details, (take one face)
m = 9.1 x lO ' 31 kg
C .*(l) c * {2 )
lx 1.6 x 10”19 , ,
v = -------- 1 ---------- rT Hz
2 n x 9.1 x 10”31

= 2.8 x l O ^ H z
= 28 x 10?Hz= 2 8 G Hz
( 10 is called giga)
136. Ans. (1) The experiments shows that due to
the increase of the mass number, the binding
energy increases at a particular value of 56
nucleons. After that when we increases the
The direction of force of CT with Cs* (1) is nucleon number the binding energy of the
opposite to the direction of force of Cl” with nucleons starts decreasing. This is a topic of
research; why it so happens.
Cs* (3). So these forces cancel each other.
Again in similar way, the direction of force 137. g ale :-gate is basically a circuit that has one
between Cs* (2) and Cl” is opposite to the di­ or more inputs but only one output. It can
also be understand that the signal that en­
rection of force between Cs* (4) and Cl”. So,
ables a circuit to function. It gives output pro­
they cancel each other.
portional to the input.
Similar thing happens for all the Cs* ions.
There are basically three fundamental gates
And the net electrostatic force exerted by the
(1) OR gate
eight Cs* ions on Cl” ion becomes zero. j
(2) AND gate
134. Ans. (4) We know that the magnetic moJ (3) NOT gate
ment of current is (1) The OR gate having the AND operation.
M = N. I. A If we have two inputs as A and B, then, the
where output is as in following table.
N - number of turn's of the coil
I = amount of current flowing through it INPUT OUTPUT
A = cross sectional area = * i* A B Y
so, M = N .I.(n r)2 0 0 0
It shows that M oc / 1 0 1
135. Ans. (4) Cyclotron is a device for accelerat­
0 1 1
ing charged particles to high energies. In this 1 1 1
device, the particles are injected near the cen­ This table is called truth table
tre of an evaccuated space between two'D - The symbol of OR gate is,
and 1— which represents OR
gate. So, in combined the OR gate and NOT
gate constitutes NOR gate.
138. Ans. (1) In semiconductor
n, = \n. p
(2) The AND gate having the or operation. If
where n = number of electron concentration
we have two inputs as A and B, the output is
p - number of hole concentration
as in the following table.
n, = intrinsic concentration

Input Output given that n, = 10 19

and p = 1021
A B (Y)
0 0 0 => Vn x l t f 1 = 10 19
0 1 0 => n x 1021 = 1038
1 0 0
n - - i n l7/m 3
1 1 1 1021
This is called the truth table of AND gate. 139. Ans. (2) Stoce
Symbol of AND gate is Root Mean square Velocity

V =

Most Probable Velocity

w mp
= V2KT
(3) The N O T gate having the opposite opera­ Average Velocity
tion. The truth table of N O T gate is :
V -

Input Output Vav“ nM

0 1
1 0 M
when we compare these velocities we con­
Symbol of N O T gate is clude that

*o > VfiV ^ ^mp

Y 140. Ans. (2) From the coulomb’s law of force,
The other gates are the mixed gates like NOR, we know that
NAND etc. 1 91-02
The NOR having OR and NOT operation si­ 4jt =0 r2
where qj and q 2 = charge on the body
NAND having AND and NOT operation si­ which come in electric field
r = seperation between them.
Now from the figure given in question we see
qi 92
that we have the symbol 4ti. F i 2
which resents N O T gate 4 7i is a dimension less quantity
qi and having dimension of
Amp x Time = A.T.
Force having dimension = M L T~ = A 2 T2 x M '1 x L 1 x T 2 x L-2

So, € = J atl2 = M L
[MLT2] x [L2]
B IO L O G Y 143. Ans (1) Oparin considered that protein
molecules were crucial to the transformation
141. Ans (1) The Insecticidal properties of DDT
from inanimate to animate, Coacervates are
(Dichloro-Diphenyl -Trichloroethane) was dis­
spherical aggregation of lipid molecules in
covered in 1934 by Swiss chemist F^ul
water, held together by hydrophobic forces,
Muller. It was used to control potato beetles in
These colloid- rich coacervates may have
Switzerland in 1939 and commercial produc­
been able to exchange substances with theii
tion began in 1943. DDT seemed like a won­
environment and selectively concentrate com­
derful discovery. It is cheap, stable, soluble in
pounds within them, particularly crystalloids
oil, and easily spread over a wide area. It is
It is suggested that substances within the
highly toxic to insects but relatively non toxic
coacervates may have undergone furthei
to mammals. Where other control processes
chemical reactions and, by absorbing meta
act slowly and must be started before a crop
ions into the coacervates. Pre-existing mole­
is planted, DDT can save a crop even when
cules capable of self replication may have in­
pests already are well established. Its high tox­
corporated into it and produced a primitive
icity for target organisms make DDT very ef­
type of cell. It increases in size and produced
fective. DDT seemed like the magic bullet for
a primitive self-replicating heterotrophic or­
which science had been searching. It was
ganisms feeding on an organic-rich primedial
sprayed on crops and houses, dusted on peo­
ple and livestock, and used to combat insects
all over the world. 144. Ans (3) Tapeworm, roundworm and pin-
DDT has been spread so widely that fifty of worm are endoparasites of human intestine
the sixty malaria carrying mosquitoes are now The source of these intestinal parasitic worm:
resistant to it and the environmental side ef­ are due to intake of improperly cook food
fects outweighs its benefits. Before DDT was and ingestion of cyst along with contaminated
introduced in 1949, cotton yields were about vegetables, etc. But the source of all intestinal
500 kg per ha. By 1952 yields has risen to infections are not due to improperly cooked
nearly 750 kg per ha, but DDT resistant boll food.
weevils also had appeared and it became in­ 145. Ans (2) Pish meal has been widely used as a
effective. Even worms. Heliothis worm which
supplemented protein source for many years
had not previously been a problem began in­
primarily for monogastric animals. Fish meal
creasing rapidly. By 1955, cotton yields were
can be classified as two basic types; ( 1 ) fish­
down to 330 kg per ha, one- third less than
ery waste associated with the processing ol
before pesticides were used.
fish for human consumption and (2 ) fish thal
142. Ans (2) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH, also are only used for the production of fish meal.
known as vasopressin) is secreted by the pos­ The composition of fish meal can vary con­
terior lobe of the pituitary gland. It stimulates siderable depending upon the composition
water retention by the kidneys and thus con­ {whole fish, fish scraps, etc.) of the substrate
serve water. In diabetic insipidus, ADH is not that is used to prepare the fish meal. Specific
produced by the pituitary. The kidneys do not fishes like herring, menhaden pollack, etc, are
retain water and excessive quantities of urine harvested just for the purpose to produce fish
are produced. meal. Fish meal is the primary supplemented
protein source that i* fe«>H tn liv«*st<v_ks The
lipids associated are highly unsaturated and that the ratio is approximately 1 to 2,100. The
highly susceptible to be oxidized. Amino acid estimated alcohol in-blood using this propor­
quality of fish is excellent, but excessive heat­ tion became referred to as BAC (blood alco­
ing during the drying process can reduce di­ hol concentration), the percent weight by
gestibility. Fish meal is often used as a bypass volume, or % w/v, based upon grams of alco­
protein source for feeding applications for lac- hol per cubic centimeter of blood or 210 litres
tating dairy cattle. of breath). Alcohol is absorbed in stomach
and it increases the flow of blood.
146. Ans (2) To adapt in different environmental
conditions, animals adapt different strategies. 149. Ans (2) Honey bee queens fly only once,
Those animals that cannot adapt properly are during their famous nuptial flights taken
eliminated in the course of time. And those shortly after they emerge as adults. During
that are adapted are favoured by natural se­ this flight, they mate and acquire sperm that
lection and continue from generation to gen­ they must store in the reproductive tract to
eration. Many animals shows mimicry to last a lifetime. Queens lead a mostly seden­
protect themselves from the predator. Praying tary life within the hive, where they are fed
mantis is green in colour and merges with and cared by workers. It can lay fertilized as
green foliage to hide from predators. well eis unfertilized eggs. Unfertilized eggs de­
veloped into males whereas fertilizes eggs de­
147. Ans (1) Each human cell contains 46 chro­
velop into females. A queen or a worker may
mosomes however, in Orangutan, chimpan­
arise from the same egg, depending on the
zee and gorilla the chromosome number is
amount and type of food given to the larva
48. A difference of 2 chromosomes makes
by the nurse bees. Larvae destined to be­
what we are from these great apes. Chimpan­
come queens receive large meals that stimu­
zees are considered as the closest relative of
late the secretion of juvenile hormone. When
the present day humans because chimpan­
this hormone is not present at a critical time
zees have a high IQ and anatomical similarity.
in development, the larva’s ovaries degener­
The banding patterns of human chromo­
ate and the bee develops into a sterile, but
somes is very much similar and identical to
genetically female, worker.
the banding patterns of apparently homolo­
gous chromosomes in great apes. This can be 150. Ans (2) Human gestation period is consid­
seen in banding pattern of chromosome 3 ered to be 38 weeks (from conception), or 40
and 6 of men and chimpanzee respectively. weeks from the onset of the last menstrual pe­
riod. Variation from this (two weeks prior or
148. Ans (4) Dope test is used to estimate the
after) is considered normal. More than that is
level of certain drugs present in urine and
"premature, or postmature". Most of the criti­
blood. Breath tests for alcohol are an indirect
cal events in human development occur in
yet most practical way of estimating alcohol
the first month of pregnancy. Cleavage occurs
intoxication. In 1938, Dr. R.N. Harger devel­
during the first week, gastrulation during the
oped the first testing instrument, called the
second week, neurulation during the third
Drunkometer, which was followed in 1941 by
week, and organogenesis during the fourth
the Intoximeter, developed by Glenn Forester,
week. The second and third months of hu­
and the Alcometer, developed by Prof. Leon
man development are devoted to morpho­
Greenberg. All of these machines were de­
genesis and to the elaboration of the nervous
signed to take a deep air sample (breath from
system and sensory organs. By the end of this
the alveolar sacs, the site of gas exchange in
period the development of the embryo is es­
the lungs) and calculate the rate or proportion
sentially complete. During the last six months
of alcohol in blood to alcohol in breath. This
before birth, the human fetus grows consider­
proportion is known as the partition rate, and
ably, and the brain produces large numbers of
since 1938, it has been generally accepted
neurons and establishes major nerve tracts. 153. Ans (1) Protoperiod ism is defined as the re­
Most of the weight of fetus is added in the fi­ sponse of a plant to the relative length of light
nal three months. Allometric growth occurs and dark periods. The pigment responsible
when an organ grows at a different rate from for absorbing light involved in photoperiodic
the rest of the body. This produces a change phenomena of plants is the phytochrome.
in size of the organism which is accompanied This pigment is also involved in the percep­
by a change in shape of the organism. Most tion of photoperiodic stimuli controlling flow­
vertebrates, including mammals develop in ering, seed germination and other
this way. For instance in humans, there is morphological phenomena. Phytochrome is a
changing proportions of the human body dur­ protein with a chromophore (pigment col­
ing fetal development. There is disproportion­ oured protein) prosthetic group (e.g., chro­
ately large head in the embryo at 2 months, moprotein) that resembles, in bask structure
and the more rapid growth of trunk, arms and the open chain tetrapyrrole chromophore of
legs thereafter. the algal pigment 6 - phycocyanin. There are
151. Ans (1) Natural selection can only operates two forms of phytochrome : the phytochrome
if there is ‘variation’ . Variation is largely due red absorbing form (Pr) and the phytochrome
to a reshuffling of the genes when the genetic far-red absorbing form (pfr). Pfr form is the
instructions from the two parents come to­ physiologically active form. The two forms are
gether. Natural selection acts on variation by photochemically inter-convertible. Pfr below a
favouring some animals over others. Animals critical level will promote flowering in a short
survive in the world by being able to obtain day plant. Pfr is required for flowering in both
sufficient food for their needs, as well as long and short day plants.
water, adequate shelter and so on. Further­ 154. Ans (2) In chloroplast and all but the most
more, to produce offsprings, they must suc­ primitive bacteria, light is captured by a pho­
cessfully engage in mating, giving birth, and tosystem, a network of chlorophyll molecules
caring for the young. It is in this aspect of life held within a protein matrix on the surface of
that the selection process operates, for all in­ the photosynthetic membrane. In cyclic pho-
dividuals produce more offsprings than will tophorylation, electrons ejected from the pig­
eventully survive. Because of variation it fol­ ment by light travel a circular path driving a
lows that some individuals are likely to be proton pump and then returning to the pho­
more capable than others. It is these, the ‘fit­ tocenter where they originated. For every
test’, who survive, who thrive, and who leave three electrons, the energy yield is one ATP
most offsprings of their own behind them. molecule. Cyclic photophosphorylation is
152. Ans (3) Ginger has a prostTate growing rhi­ seen in most primitive bacteria and in sulfur
zome. Tropism is a movement of parts of a bacteria.
plant in response to, and directed by, an ex­ Plants and algae use a two-stage photocenter.
ternal stimulus. The movement is almost al­ First a photon is absorbed by photosystem II,
ways a growth movement. Shoots and which passes an electron to photosystem I
coleoptiles are negatively geotropic, roots are and this energized electron drives a proton
positively geotropic, that is, it grow down­ pump and generates a molecule of ATP
wards, and shoots are negatively geotropic; it Then, a proton is absorbed by photosystem I,
grows upward. Gravity is the stimulus respon­ energizing an electron that is used to provide
sible for geotropism. Opposite responses of reducing power in the form of NADPH. The
roots and shoots are due to different sensitivi­ electrons and associated protons that oxygen
forming photosynthesis employs to form en­
ties to auxin. High auxin concentration stimu­
e rg y rich reduced organic molecules are ob­
lates growth on lower side so shoot grows
tained from water. The residual oxygen atom
of the water molecules combine to form oxy­ 157. Ans (4) Honey is the chemically altered
gen gas.
form of nectar. The crop or honey sac of bees
155. Ans (1) The legumes, obtained fixed nitro­ changed nectar into honey by losing a certain
gen through a symbiotic association with soil amount of water and becoming chemically al­
bacteria of the genus Rhizobium. The symbi­ tered. The salivary enzyme converts the com­
otic relationship between legumes and Rhizo­ plex sugar of nectar into the simple sugar of
bium seems to be species- specific. The actual honey. Insects visit flowers mostly to gather
site of nitrogen fixation is in the nodules nectar. Most insects locate source of flood in­
formed in the roots of the legume plant as a itially by odor, then orient themselves on
result of penetration of rhizobia. The bacteria flower or group of flowers by its shape, colour
either penetrate the relatively soft root hair tip and texture. Some bees collect nectar which is
or invade damaged or broken root hair and used as a source of food for adult bees and
progress in as infection thread through the occasionally for larva. Most of the approxi­
cortex tissue to the immediate area of the en- mately 20,000 species of bees visit flowers to
dodermis and pericycle. Through nodulation, obtain pollen. Pollen is used to provision cells
the microorganisms provide the host plant in which bee larvae complete their develop­
with fixed nitrogen, and the host plant pro­ ment.
vides the microorganisms with soluble carbo­
158. Ans (2) Coconut tree is distributed in coastal
areas over a large part of the world. In India,
Root nodules shows the presence of red pig­ coconut is seen in many places. It is cultivated
ment called leghemoglobin. Leghemoglobin mostly in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
is an oxygen carrier, the oxygen (O 2) is neces­ Coir is the term applied to the short coarse,
sary for the electron transport chain of the rhi­ rough fibres which make up the greater part
zobium bacteroid. Because of its very high of the husk of the fruits of the coconut palm.
affinity for oxygen, leghemoglobin provides The coconut fibres are very light, elastic and
oxygen to the root nodules bacteria quickly, highly resistant to water. So coconut can float
even at very low levels o f free oxygen. and get dispersed over thousands of kilome­
Leghemoglobin keeps levels of molecular
ters before losing viability.
oxygen low in the bacteriod. This function is ’
particularly important because nitrogenase is 159. Ans (3) Sulfur deficient plants show chloro­
sensitive to O 2 and loses activity in its pres­ sis o f the younger leaves first, followed by the
ence. production of anthocyamin pigments in some
species Under sever conditions, however, all
156. Ans (1) Red algae are important members
of the leaves may undergo some loss of green
of coral reefs. Red algae are unusual among
colour. Sulfur deficiency also resulted in a
the algae because they can include in their
marked decrease of stroma lamellae and an
cell walls calcium carbonate which makes the
increase in grana stacking. Chlorosis is also
plants hard and resistant to wear. Red algae
seen due to the deficiency o f nitrogen. The
that grow this way are referred to as " co­
symptom in nitrogen deficiency first seen in
ralline" algae, because they are hard like cor­
more mature leaves and last in the upper,
als. In addition to the common upright forms
more actively growing leaves. It appears in
of coralline algae some species can grow in a
the younger leaves last because of the high
thin mat over rocks and other hard structures,
mobility of nitrogen in plants. Sulphur is pre­
are called crustose when growing in this form.
sent in protein structure in the form of the sul­
The upright* and crustose forms of red algae
fur bearing amino acids cystine, cysteine, and
bind and infill coral skeletons to form massive
methionine. Sulfur is taken up by plants as
sedimentary structures which are strong
sulfate ion SO 4". Sulphur is not a component
enough to resist wave action and erosion.
of nucleic acid.
160. Ans (2) In embryo transfer in cattle, a ge­ solubility product. HCl acts as a source of H*
netically superior and high productivity fe­ ion and thus decreases the concentration of
male serves as donor of embryos to be S " ion (common ion effect). So the de­
transferred. The donor females are treated creased concentration of S2' is sufficient to
with appropriate doses of the selected go­ precipitate the II group metals due to their low
nadotrophin. e.g., follicle stimulating hor­ Ksp value.
mone (FSH) or luteinising hormone (LH), to
increase the number of ova released at the 165. Ans. (4) The magic number nuclei are most
time of ovulation; this is called superovula­ stable hence the order of stability as well as
tion. A single female can provide 15 embryos binding energy per nucleons are
4 9 7
at a single cycle. When the donor female is in 2He > 4Be > 3Li. Binding energy hasnoth­
heat (oesters), it is artificially inseminated us­ ing to do with the difference neutron and pro­
ing semen from a genetically superior bull of ton. It is related with packing fraction. Lower
top pedigree. Fertilized eggs/young embryos the packing fraction higher the value of bind­
are collected by flushing the uterus of superior ing energy per nucleons. The second most
donor females with a special nutrient solution; important thing is n/p ratio. The n/p ratio of
this is done 7 days after the insemination. Se­ these nuclei are 2 > 2.25 > 2.33. Lower the
lected embryos are incubated in a special nu­ value of n/p ratio binding energy per nucle­
trient medium at 37° C and then transfer into ons increases.
inferior surrogate mothers. Single embryo is Be n : p = 2.25
transferred into the uterus of each surrogate
Li n : p = 2.33
mother. Progeny obtained by embryo transfer
He n : p =2
are of superior genotype since the maternal
He > Be > Li
and paternal genes are from superior donor
females and superior males respectively. 166. Ans. (2) It is true that Mg is not present in
enamel of human teeth. Mg is an essential
element for biological function like muscle
161. Ans. (1) It is true that HCl 0 4 is stronger contraction and blood coagulation.
acid than HC/ O 3. Any element tends to ac­ 167. Ans. (3) It is true that carboxypeptidase is
quire maximum stable state therefore + VIII an exopeptidase, there are a class of peptide
O. S can not be stable hence more reactivc. cleaving enzymes which act on the terminal
162. Ans. (1) The electronic configuration of amino-acid residues. Carboxy peptidase acts
on carboxyl end, and amino peptidase acts
24 Cr atom is 3d5 4s1 hence it has six un­
an amino end of the peptide.
paired electrons are present. It is true that half
filled s-orbital has greater stability. 168. Ans. (2) It is true that sucrose is non reduc­
ing sugar. It also contains glycosidic linkage.
163. Ans. (4) Stability complex depends up on
But it does not show reducing property due to
the basic strength of ligands and formation of
absence of free or potential carbonyl group.
chelate ring . The ligand en (ethylene
diamine) is stronger ligand than NH 3 and en 169. Ans. (3) It is true that isobutanal does not
forms chelate rings. Due to this reason give iodoform test, It is due to absence of
[Ni ( en)3)] CI2 has high stability. o’
164. Ans. (3) Sb (111) comes under II group. The CH 3 - C - group. Isobutanal contains one
group reagent for this group is H 2 S in HCl. a-Hydrogen atom.
These radicals are precipitated as their sul­
170 Ans. (3)
phide where as sulphide of other metals re­
main in the solution because of their high
CH = CHj The value of free energy change will be nega­

(O) 177. Ans (4) AgCl will precipitate first because

the ionic product of Ag Cl is greater than
ionic product of Ag Br .
This reaction takes place as Markovnikovs ad­
dition. Alkyl radical is more stable than benzyl 178. Ans. (1) Molecular sieves are widely used as
radical. drying agents and as catalyst. Zeolites are ca­
171. Ans. (3) The pKa value of acetic acid is less pable for dehydrating alcohols because it is
than phenol because acetic acid is stronger porous catalyst and easily accommodates hy­
acid than phenol. Carboxylitate ion is more drocarbons.
resonance stabilized than phenoxide ion. 179. Ans. (3) All F— S— F bond is greater than
172. Ans. (4) 90° but less than 180° is true and dear from
H H Br H the structure
I I I I- ♦
H - C - C - C - C - H + C H 3 CH2 0 Na

------>CH 3 - C H = C H - c h 3
9 s
2 - butenc.
According to Saytzeff rule, the major product F
is the most highly substituted alkene.
173 . Ans (1) Lone pair-bond repulsion is stronger than
bond pair-bond pair repulsion.
180. Ans. (3) The rate of effusion is proportional
to the area of the orifice and mean velocity of
the molecule and hence reciprocal of square
root of the molecular weight of the gas. So
the rate of oxygen will be smaller than nitro­
Benzyl cation is more stable than methyl cat­
gen. The rate of effusion has nothing to do
ion because methyl cation does not contain
with the size of the molecule.
any electron withdrawing group but benzyl
cation is resonance stabilized. PHYSICS
174. Ans. (1) It is true that molar entropy of va­ 181. Ans. (4) In dry cell a carbon and a zinc elec­
porization of water is greater than that of trode is used. The solutions NH 4 Cl and
ethanol. It is due to the fact that water is more Mn02 are prepared in the form of a paste.
polar than ethanol. These paste is contained in a zinc container
175. Ans. (1) It is true that aqueous gold in pro­ which works as the negative electrode. The
tective colloid is red in colour and this colour carbon rod works as a the terminal. When the
arises due to scattering of light by colloidal current is passed through the cell CT ions
gold particle. combine with zinc and the NH 4 ion move to­
176. Ans. (3) If corrosion of Cu is taking place in wards the carbon electrode. Again NH 4 ion
acidic aqueous solution, it means electro­
get separated into NH 3 and H*. This H+ re­
chemical reaction taking place. The electrical
work done means decrease in free energy. acts with Mn O 2 and forms Mn2 O3 and
H2 0.
Since, the Electro Motive Force which is a 186. Ans. (1) In a transistor there are three termi­
force depends upon the rate of formation of nals
the ions. It does not depend on the amount of
(i) Base (ii) Emitter (iii) Collector
material used. So, the e.m.f of a cry cell does
not depends on its size. It depends only on The base should be thin to make the transis­
the rate of formation of ions. So both the tor stable. But it does not mean that the base
given assertion and reason is wrong. should be very thin. If it becomes very thin,
then a very small fluctuation of current can
182. Ans. (2) Actually there are three primary damage the transistor. In a stable transistor,
colours as Red, Green and Blue. the output current is continuous.
All the other colours are formed due to the
187. Ans. (1) The (J- particle can not penetrate in
combination of these primary colours and is
called secondary colours. These colours are our body. So it can not damage strong part of
formed as follows our body.
Red + Green = Yellow ^Sr can go to the human begins body
Red + Blue = Magenta through milk which can make harmful to the
production of red blood corpuscules.
Green +Blue = Cyan
Now according our assertion, the Red and 188. Ans. (1) In general, the different colours
Yellow is means Red + (Red + green). So the which we are seeing except the dispersion of
red becomes highly concentrated. So, it be­ light is due to the interference of light waves.
comes dark. Now in case of morpho-butterfly, its wing
Though the red colour scatters less, but it is having different pigments which reflects light
not the reason of assertion. at different angles. After the reflection of the
light, it interferes and forms different beautiful
183. Ans. (2) When pressure becomes low, the
boiling point of water decreases.
In our case, the water of cooker was boiling 189. Ans. (1) The small colour dots can have dif­
and the pressure inside the cooker is greater ferent shapes. So the angular separation of
than the atmospheric pressure. When we take adjacent dots changes with the distance from
out the vapour suddenly, then pressure inside the painting. So when we move the painting
the cooker decrases suddenly. And so the colour changes.
water starts boiling below the boiling point 190. Ans.(l) If the superconductor is placed in a
(i.e. below 100° C ). magnetic field its super conducting behaviour
This is also true that the boiling point of disappears. There is nothing like the super­
water at atmospheric temperature which is conductor repels or attracts the magnet.
100° C decreases when we add some impuri­ The superconductivity has been shown at
ties in the pure water. very low temperature only.
So, we can conclude that assertion and rea­
191. Ans. (3) The fission is a process in which a
son both are correct but reason is not the cur­
heavy atom breaks into two or more parts.
rent explanation of assertion.
The mass of the parent nucleus is larger than
184. Ans. (4) The true geographic north direction the daughter nudii. This difference in mass is
is same angle right to the actual compass nee­ converted into energy. So during a fission
dle. process some amount of energy is liberated
The magnetic meridian of the earth is along The energy released in this process is due to
the perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the the mass defect, not due to the binding en­
earth. ergy of parent and daughter nuclei.
So both assertion and reason are incorrect. So, assertion is true and reason is wrong.
185Ans (1)
192. Ans (4) Since the pressure inside the drop is 195. Ans. (4) There are two types of mechanical
larger by an amount system (or frame of reference)
(1) Inertial Frame of Reference : -
* P . f
When we study about a system moving with
Where S= surface tension
some uniform velocity or non-uniform veloc­
R = radius of drop
ity with respect to a fixed object is called iner­
a • r> Force F
Again P = —----- = - tial frame of reference. In inertial frame of
Area A
reference, the Newton's laws of motion holds
F= P A good.

- - 2g S- x A
A (2) Non. inertial Frame of Reference :-
In this frame of reference, we are having two
bodies accelerating with each other. For an
K example let us see that a body is moving with
F = 8* S.R an acceleration of ‘a ’ w. r. t the fixed poles
So, F « R and trees besides the road. Again one another
particle is just fired from that moving body
A . . „ 2S 2S x 4n R
having acceleration o f ‘a ’ with respect to that
A9amAP= moving body. This type of system in which
two bodies are moving with an acceleration
A with respect to each other is an example of
non- inertial frame. The Newton’s laws of mo­
where A = 4n R2 = Surface Area of sphere
tion does not hold good for non-inertial
=> APoc 4 frame.
A So that both the statements are wrong.
Thus we see that the deforming force is pro­
portional to the radius of the drop and excess 1%. Ans. (1) LASER Light Amplification by
pressure inside the drop is inversely propor­ Stimulated Emission of Radiation.
tional to the surface area. The laser beam is monochromatic, coherent
Both are wrong. and intense beam. He-Ne is a laser in which
He is present in large amount and Ne in less.
193. Ans. (2) Due to the increase of pressure the
So the population inversion i.e. having metas­
Boiling Point of liquid increases and the melt­ table state is dominated by He.
ing point decreases.
Note:- Metastable State
Again the density of Ice is more than the water,
The state of a system or body in which it ap­
that why the ice is floating on the surface of
pears to be in state equilibrium but if it dis­
water. This happens due to the open structure
turbed can settle into a lower energy state.
of the ice crystal. So that after melting the ice,
it contracts in volume. 197. Ans. (1) In common emitter configuration
means the emitter is common in both the in­
But the reason is not the exact explanation of
put and output. In this configuration the im­
assertion. Both the facts are independent
pedance is low as well as the emitter region is
forward biased always.
194. Ans. (1) Heavy water is deuteron. Deuteron N ote:- Impedance is just like resistance.
having one proton, one neutron in nucleus
198. Ans. (1) Any thermodynamical process can
and an electron revolving round the nucleus.
not retrace its path. This happens due to the
It is an isotope of hydrogen. Deuteron can
fact that during the thermodynamical process,
slow down the fast moving particles when the
some of its energy wastes. When we retrace
particles passed through it . So it is used in
this process we can not get this wastage of en­
the reactor as a moderator.
ergy. So in nature the thermodynamical proc­ 200. Ans. (4) Photoelectric effect is a phenome­
ess is irreversible due to dissipation effect. non in which the photon comes on the sur­
So both the assertion and reason are correct and face of a metal and ejects the electrons. This
reason is correct explanation of assertion. ejected electron is called photoelectrons.
Note:- Dissipation means that the wastage of In this process we can easily say that a packet
energy during the change of energy from one of energy is incident called photon (having
system to another .e.g heating of wire during energy hu) falls on the surface of the metal
flow of current, production of sound waves by and gives that energy to the electron. This
a machine. electron gets excited and then if it gets suffi­
cient energy it comes out from the surface.
199. Ans. (1) When a ray having the wavelength
So, photoelectron emission shows the particle
in the range of the interatomic distance of the nature of photon.
crystal, then the diffraction takes place by that
The number of photoelectrons depend upon
ray. Generally, the interatomic distance in the
the intensity of light, not on the frequency of
crystal is of the order of 0.1 nm. And the
incident light
wavelength of x-rays is 0.1 to 10 nm. So, the
So both are wrong.
x-ray is giving diffraction pattern of crystalline