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Activity 1
Explaining hotness or coldness

This first activity deals with one of the major effects of heat transfer, which is temperature
change. You will describe the hotness or coldness of an object in terms of its temperature. You
will also compare the changes in the temperature of water to determine the relationship between
the amount of heat transferred and the resulting temperature change.

Materials Needed:
3 identical containers
thermometer
hot water
tap water (room temperature)
cold water

Procedure:
1. Half-fill the three containers with equal amount of cold water. Arrange them next to one
another as shown in Figure 1 below.

2. Place your finger for a while into any of the containers. Try to recall your lesson on Heat
Q1. What actually transferred when you dipped your finger into the water? In what direction
did it transfer?

## Q2. Was the water ‘hot’ or ‘cold’? Explain.

Discuss your answers with the group. Try to estimate the temperature of the water in the
containers.
3. Measure with a thermometer the temperature of the water in each container. Record your
measurements in Table 1 below. (Note: The initial temperature of the water in each
container should be the same as they come from the same source.)
Q3. How close is your estimated value to the measured temperature of the water?

4. Add hot water to container 1, tap water to container 2 and the same cold water to container
3. Leave the containers for a while.
5. Dip your fingers again, this time into the three containers. Make sure that you do not dip the
same finger into the containers.
Q4. Which container feels ‘hottest’? Which container feels ‘coolest’?

Q5. What do you think causes the difference in the hotness or coldness of the water inside the
containers?

6. Measure and record the temperature of the water in all containers. Calculate the change in
the temperature of water in each container.
Q6. In which container(s) is heat transfer taking place? What evidence best supports your
answer? Within this container, which absorbs heat? Which gives off heat?

Q7. In which container was there the greatest amount of heat transferred? What is the basis of

Q8. How are the amount of heat transferred and the change in temperature of water related?

Conclusion:
Teacher:_________________________________ Date:______________________ Rating:_________

Activity 2
Dye in water

At the end of this activity, you should be able to explain the scattering of the dye in water
at different temperatures.

Materials Needed:
3 transparent containers
1 thermometer
3 plastic droppers
hot water
tap water (room temperature)
cold water
dye (Food color)

Procedure:
1. Fill the three containers separately with cold water, tap water, and hot water.
2. Measure the temperature of the water in each container. Record your measurements in Table
2 below.

3. With the dropper, place a drop of dye into the center of each container as shown in Figure 2.
(Note: It is better if you place drops of dye into the three samples simultaneously.)
4. Carefully observe and compare the behavior of the dye in the three containers. Write down
Q9. What similarities and differences did you observe when a drop of dye was added to each
container?

Q10. In which container did the dye scatter the fastest? In which di it scatter the slowest?

Q11. How do you relate the temperature of the water to the rate of scattering of the dye?

Q12. In which container are the particles of water moving fastest? In which container are
the particles moving slowest?

## Q14. How is temperature related to the kinetic energy of particles?

Conclusion:
Teacher:_________________________________ Date:______________________ Rating:_________

Activity 3.1
What happens when ice melts?

After this activity, you should be able to answer this question: What happens to the
temperature of water while changing from ice to liquid water?

Materials needed:
crushed ice
1 glass container
timer (stopwatch)
stirring rod

Procedure:
1. Put some crushed ice and a little cold water into the container.
2. Stir the contents of the container for few seconds; then, measure the temperature of the
contents.

Avoid letting the thermometer touch the bottom of the container to ensure that you are
actually measuring the temperature of the water.

3. Repeat step 2 every 2 minutes. Make sure that you stir and measure exactly the same way
each time. Record each measurement in Table 3.

Q15. Why does the ice inside the container melt after sometime?

4. Continue measuring until the ice has totally melted and even after it has already melted
completely (around 4-6 minutes more).

5. Construct a temperature against time graph. Draw a smooth line that passes through almost
all the points.
Q16. Which is your dependent variable? Which is your independent variable? (Note that the
independent quantity is plotted along the X-axis while the dependent quantity is plotted
along the Y-axis.

Q18. Describe the temperature of the water while the ice melting.

Q19. Describe the temperature of the water after the ice has melted.

Conclusion:
Teacher:_________________________________ Date:______________________ Rating:_________

Activity 3.2
What happens to the temperature of water as it boils?

Materials:
beaker
stirrer
thermometer (can measure up to 100°C)
alcohol burner
water (hot water)
stand or tripod with wire gauze

Procedure:
1. Fill the beaker with 100 mL hot water and place it above the alcohol burner using the tripod
with wire gauze.

2. Measure and record the temperature of the water every 2 minutes until it boils. Once
the water starts to boil, continue taking the temperature for 4-6 more minutes.

## Q20. Describe and interpret your graph.

Q21. What similarities and differences have you noticed between your graphs in Activity 3.1 and
Activity 3.2?

Conclusion:
Teacher:_________________________________ Date:______________________ Rating:_________

Activity 4
What is the relationship between the mass of a
material and the amount of heat it can transfer?

In this activity, your group is assigned to plan and conduct a simple investigation to
determine the relationship between the mass of a material and the amount of heat that it can
transfer. You need to gather and analyze data to come up with doing simple investigations.

Prediction:

Independent variable:

Dependent variable:

## Controlled variable (constant):

b. What materials are you going to use for your simple investigation?

## c. What quantities are you going to measure for your data?

d. How are you going to analyze and present your quantities (data) to describe the
relationship among the variables?

proceed. Precautions should always be observed.

## 4. Present your data systematically.

Conclusion:
Teacher:_________________________________ Date:______________________ Rating:_________

Activity 5
Comparing heat capacities
Objectives:
 After performing this activity, you should be able to compare the heat
capacities of the given liquid samples.

Materials:
2 identical small containers (each with 100mL of liquid sample)
2 identical large containers (large enough to accommodate the small containers)
2 thermometers
hot water
liquid samples: water, cooking oil

Note: Store the liquid samples in the same room to ensure that both are at room temperature
when you do the activity.

Procedure:
1. Pour 100mL of water into one of the small containers and the same amount of cooking oil
into the other container. Measure and record their initial temperature in Table 4 below.

2. Place the small container with oil in a larger container with hot water. Make sure that the hot
water does not mix with the liquid sample.
3. Measure the time it takes for the oil to increase in temperature by 5 °C. Example, if
the initial temperature of the liquid is 28oC, take the time it takes for the temperature to reach
33oC. Record your measured heating time in Table 4.
4. Do the same with the water sample. Make sure that the amount and temperature of
the hot water is the same for both samples. Record also your measurement in Table 4.
Q22. Which liquid requires more time to increase in temperature by 5 degrees?

Conclusion: