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Additives for

Water Based Adhesives


Additives for Water Based Adhesives

ABOUT US

Contents

3 About us

4 The advantages of
TEGO® Antifoam

6 Selecting the right


TEGO® Antifoam

7 Delivering performance:
The properties of
TEGO® Antifoam EVONIK INTERFACE & PERFORMANCE FACE-TO-FACE PERFORMANCE
We are a global player with a presence We have broad chemical platforms • We develop high performance
9 Food contact compliance in local market and offer our customers including siloxanes and organics. solutions based on consultation
proven, reliable product quality and Interfacial phenomena at the surface with our customers.
11 Wetting agents supply security – on time and on target. and within the matrix are our expertise • Long-term relationships built on trust
and can be evaluated by our specialized is the basis of our work.
13 Dispersants Our headquarters is in Germany and test facilities and laboratories. • Come and see us. Please address one
we have technical centers in North of our colleagues to discuss
14 Rheology additives America, Europe and Asia. You can also count on our specialists for your needs for the adhesives market.
process knowledge, physicochemical
15 Our expertise expertise, scientific studies and regula-
tory knowledge.

2 3
Additives for Water Based Adhesives

THE ADVANTAGES OF
TEGO® ANTIFOAM

Our TEGO® Antifoam products are rolls, the occurrence of foam leads to TEGO® Antifoam products are unique.
used both in the production of polymer problems directly influencing the Carefully selected and formulated base
dispersions1) as well as in the formula- productivity. Moreover, a strong foam- materials provide excellent foam con-
tion of related end products. ing adhesive most likely will not meet trol and maximum compatibility at the
the required product specifications same time. The well balanced raw
Many aqueous adhesive dispersions (adhesion forces, transparency of the material base leads to a wide range of
tend to foam due to their chemical adhesive films or a defect free coating). excellent defoamers, suitable for a
composition. The experts differentiate Defoamers are used either to suppress multitude of industry applications.
between the creation of macrofoam the formation of foam or to effectively Our antifoams do not adversely affect
and microfoam, both of which can be destroy foam bubbles once they are the performance of dispersions and
avoided when using products within formed. have long-term stability, providing
the TEGO® Antifoam range. This enhanced efficiency even after storage
foaming behavior can be critical either A very small amount of TEGO® Anti- of the formulated dispersions.
during the adhesive formulation step foam can not only increase the speed
or during adhesive application, such as of yours and your customer's produc-
coating or lamination. In fast appli- tion, but also avoid defects and scrap,
cation of adhesives, like with gravure helping to reduce the production costs.

1)
Ask us for special information about antifoams for the polymerization process

Figure 1: Our additives are used in the production and formulation of adhesives.

Production Application

Benefits of the TEGO® Antifoam product range:


Polymerization/Stripping Processing/Pumping Formulation Application
• High efficiency • Good handling characteristics
• Attractive cost / performance ratio • Long-term stability of formulated dispersion
Emulsifiers & Defoamers Defoamers & Wetting Agents
• Superior compatibility • Broad food contact compliance
• No negative side effects • APEO free

4 5
SELECTING THE RIGHT DELIVERING PERFORMANCE:
TEGO® ANTIFOAM THE PROPERTIES OF
WE ARE THE FOAM EXPERTS SO YOU DON’T HAVE TO BE. TEGO® ANTIFOAM
The foaming tendency of the various help of face to face consultation and the three antifoams to select the ideal pro- OUR ANTIFOAMS OFFER GREAT PERFORMANCE IN
base resins and especially the surfactants
used in these systems require different
table of recommended products below,
we can create a shortlist of products for
duct for your formulation.
TERMS OF DEFOAMING AND COMPATIBILITY.
antifoams for an optimum level of you. As your formulation certainly is All TEGO® Antifoams listed below do
efficiency and compatibility. With the unique, we recommend testing two to not contain silicone oil or APEO.

Table 1 PERFORMANCE OF TEGO® property profile. While you of course (barchart height) and surface appearance
ANTIFOAM IN VINYL ACETATE/ want good defoaming performance you in a draw down test (pictures). The
ETHYLENE (VAE) EMULSIONS also need sufficient compatibility to avoid TEGO® Antifoam products defoam better
FORMULATIONS
BASED ON APPLICATION Figure 2 represents the most important defects in the final films. The graph re- and are more compatible than the compe-
properties of a defoamer for the ideal presents the entrained air by a stirring test tition, evidenced in several studies.

Paper, Wood &


Pressure Sensi-
tive Adhesives

Laminating &

Nonwoven &
PVAc/VAE/

Packaging
SBR/NBR

Adhesives

Furniture
Acrylates

Hygiene
Building
Sealants
PVOH

PRODUCT CHEMICAL BASE DELIVERED AS


PU

Figure 2: Antifoam performance in VAE emulsion

TEGO® Antifoam KS 53 Vegetable oil 100% active U u U U

TEGO® Antifoam 2290 Paraffinic oil 100% active u u U U U U

TEGO® Antifoam 22911)


Paraffinic oil 100% active U u U U U U

TEGO® ANTIFOAM D 2315 2)


Polyether siloxane 100% active u u U U U 10

Entrained Air [%]


TEGO® ANTIFOAM 4-941) Polyether siloxane 40% active emulsion
8
U u U U U U U U U

TEGO® ANTIFOAM 4-88 1)


Polyether siloxane 40% active emulsion U U u U U U U U U

TEGO® ANTIFOAM 2-89 Polyether siloxane 20% active emulsion U U u U U U U U U 6

TEGO® ANTIFOAM 1488 Polyether siloxane 20% active emulsion


4
u u u U U U U

TEGO® ANTIFOAM 204 Polyether siloxane 20% active emulsion U U

TEGO® ANTIFOAM 2-80 Polyether siloxane 20% active emulsion U U


2

0
U first recommendation    u second recommendation 1) Superior Food Contact status, please refer to table 3 for an overview
Competitor 1 Competitor 2 Competitor 3 Competitor 4 TEGO® TEGO®

Compatibility by
2) Deaerates microfoam

draw down test


Antifoam 2290 Antifoam 4-94

Follow this link to learn more about


our test procedures:
www.evonik.com/defoamer-tests

6 7
HOLD DOWN AND KNOCK DOWN
PERFORMANCE Figure 3: Hold down and knock down performance FOOD CONTACT
COMPLIANCE
To evaluate the whole spectrum of
defoamer performance we demonstrate Air is bubbled Stop Air Air is stopped
through the dispersion to observe the foam
a two phase test. In the first 10 minutes, to create foam knock down
air is blown into the dispersion through 400
a sintered glass (hold down). Then the 350
airflow is switched off and the foam 300
height is observed (knock down).

Volume [ml]
250

200
The grey line shows the foaming ten- 150
dency of a competitor. There is a lot of 100
foam in both phases. The orange line 50
represents the excellent performance 0
of TEGO® Antifoam 1488 at the same 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

time [min]
concentration. Even a 10% dilution of
0.01% Defoamer X 0.001% active TEGO® Antifoam 1488 (1:9)
TEGO® Antifoam 1488 outperformed 0.01% TEGO® Antifoam 1488
the competition in both phases.
During the development of our anti- If the regulation that you need for your On the next page (table 3) is an over-
foams, excellent food contact status is application is not mentioned in the view that displays the Food Contact
a high priority and we address the fol- TDS (eg. specific FDA, ISEGA, Swiss Status regulation current at the time of
lowing standard regulations (table 2). ordinance, GB standards of China) it may printing this brochure. As evaluations
be that the compliance to that regulation change from time to time we recom-
You will find detailed information about has not been evaluated, yet. If this is the mend to check our website following the
the food contact compliance for TEGO® case, please contact us with your QR code or URL for the latest status, or
STORAGE STABILITY Antifoam products on the respective questions and the regulation you need contact us.
An acrylic dispersion including defoam- Figure 4: Antifoam performance after storage Technical Data Sheets (TDS). to fulfill for your application.
ers was stored at 40°C for 14 days. The
chart (Figure 4) shows the foam height
of fresh (grey) and stored (deep purple)
1400
dispersions after 30 minute sintered Table 2: Overview of important food contact regulations

glass defoamer test. TEGO® Antifoam


Foam Height after 30 min testing [ml]

1200
4-94 outperformed the competition
1000
before and after storage. REGULATION DESCRIPTION

800
EU Regulation 10/2011 Plastic materials and articles intended for contact with food
These graphics represent only a few
600
examples and a general trend. As BfR XIV and XXXVI Polymer dispersions

formulations differ widely, the effect 400


FDA 175.105 Adhesives
will be different in the extremes of
200
the spectrum. Please contact us for FDA 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings

a recommendation for your system. 0 FDA 176.170 Paper and paperboard in contact with aqueous and fatty foods
0.1 % Competitor 0.05 % TEGO® Antifoam 4-94

fresh stored FDA 176.180 Paper and paperboard in contact with dry food

8 9
Table 3: Food contact status of TEGO® Antifoam (at time of printing) WETTING
AGENTS
EU REGULATION

FDA 176.170

FDA 176.180
FDA 175.105

FDA 175.300
10/2011

BFR XIV
PRODUCT

TEGO® Antifoam KS 53

TEGO® Antifoam 2290

TEGO® Antifoam 2291

TEGO® Antifoam D 2315

TEGO® Antifoam 4-94

TEGO® Antifoam 4-88

TEGO® Antifoam 2-89

TEGO® Antifoam 1488 In order to spread the adhesive across the profile you need for your application. that they can be considered defoamers.
surface, wetting agents are an important Whether it is extremely good wetting, This Gemini surfactant could be a novel
TEGO® Antifoam 204
part of an adhesive formulation. low dynamic surface tension for curtain solution for your challenging applica-
TEGO® Antifoam 2-80 coating or a standard sulfosuccinate, tions.

fully compliant compliant with restrictions compliance expected, under evaluation


We offer different kinds of products we have what you need. Come talk to us.
based on our versatile technologies of
organomodified siloxanes and organic We also provide special wetting agents
chemistry. We can create the property which have such low foaming tendencies

Table 4: Characteristics of our wetting agents

[MN/M] STATIC/

PENETRATION
ANTI-CRATER

HUMACTANT
DYNAMNIC

REMARKS
CONTACT
SURFACE
TENSION

DOSAGE
INITIAL
FOOD
PRODUCT

TEGOPREN® 5840 Universal product,


21/53 ISEGA, FDA 0.3 – 0.5%
Organomodified Siloxane medium foaming

TEGOPREN® 5890 EU 10/2011, Universal product,


39/54 0.3 – 0.5%
Organomodified Siloxane BfR, FDA medium foaming

TEGO® Surten W 111 Curtain coating,


29/42 ISEGA 0.3 – 0.5%
Alkoxylate low foaming

To check the latest status of the food REWOPOL® SB DO 75


32/51 BfR, FDA 0.8 – 1.2%
Standard wetting agent,
Sulfosuccinate high foaming
contact compliance go to:
www.evonik.com/food-contact

10 11
Figure 5: Solving wetting issues with Evonik additives DISPERSANTS
Craters With wetting agent

Defects

Significantly lower the viscosity and Our dispersants TEGOMER® DA 850 Typical dosages are between 0.5-2.0%
achieve better processing by applying and TEGOMER® DA 640 are suitable additive active on filler content.
our additives to formulated dispersions. for dispersing chalk, alumina trihydrate TEGOMER® DA 850 and TEGOMER®
This also applies for food contact. (ATH), silicates and other inorganic DA 646 are highly efficient for the
fillers. dispersion of organic pigments and
even for conductive carbon black
grades.

Figure 6: Optimizing curtain coating with TEGO® Surten W 111

Figure 7: Viscosity at shear rate 10 1/s


Shrinkage

18000
Homogenous coating

Substrate 16000

14000
Splitting
12000

Viscosity [mPas]
Substrate
10000

8000
Substrate
6000

4000

2000

0
without additive TEGOMER® DA 850 TEGOMER®DA 640
To obtain more details about our (2% active on filler) (2% active on filler)

wetting agents test methods, please Acrylic Dispersion +66% ATH 1 Polyvinyl Acetate (62% solids) +40% ATH 1

follow this link: www.evonik.com/


wetting-agents-tests

12 13
RHEOLOGY ADDITIVES OUR EXPERTISE
WE PROVIDE OUR CUSTOMERS EXCELLENT
TECHNICAL SUPPORT. BASED ON SPECIFIC TEST
METHODS FOR ADDITIVES AND FOR ADHESIVES
TEGO® Rheo 8600 is fully compliant In acrylic dispersions TEGO® Rheo 8600 It shows efficient thickening even at low
with EU 10/2011 and can be applied on is 25-50% more efficient than other pH-values which is needed for speciality
all kinds of acrylics and even for Vinyl PUR thickeners and it outperforms acidic acrylics and especially for polyvinyl
Acetate/Ethylene (VAE) Emulsions. acrylic thickeners regarding electrolyte acetate based emulsions.
stability and water resistance.

SPECIFIC ADHESIVE TEST METHODS GENERAL TEST METHODS


Figure 8: Viscosity in acrylic dispersion at shear rate 100 1/s For pressure sensitive adhesives and We have vast experience evaluating the viscosity measurements, evaluation of
flexible packaging applications, we properties of surface active materials. wetting properties and microscopic
have equipment available to measure Routine evaluation of antifoams, wetting evaluations.
5% values for adhesion, cohesion and tack agents, thickeners or dispersing aids is
2500
according to Finat test standards. part of our daily work. These evaluation methods enable us to
4% 5%
2000 provide our customers excellent techni-
3% 5% Additionally we are able to measure the Our laboratories are well equipped with cal support to help solving their greatest
Viscosity [mPas]

1500
bonding strength of adhesive joints by a variety of test methods, including but challenges
1000
the use of our Zwick equipment. not limited to standard defoamer tests,

500

0
without 5% TEGO® 4% TEGO® 3% TEGO® 5% Comp. 5% Comp.
Thickener Rheo 8600 Rheo 8600 Rheo 8600 PUR 1 PUR 2

Stirring Test Draw Down Test

Benefits of TEGO® Rheo:


• No solvents
• No emulsifiers
• Stable against electrolytes
• Good water resistance
• Suitable on a broad pH range (3-11)
• Good performance in acrylics, PVAc & VAE

Adhesion (Finat 1 & 2) Loop Tack (Finat 9)

14 15
Inv.-Nr.: 12-17
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technical or otherwise, are presented in good

03/2017
faith and believed to be correct as of the date
Evonik Nutrition & Care GmbH
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information and/or recommendations at any
The Americas time, without prior or subsequent notice.

Evonik Corporation
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P.O. Box 34628
Richmond, VA 23234
USA
Phone  +1 804 727-0700
Fax  +1 804 727-0855 www.evonik.com/solutions-for-adhesives