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September 2012

DIN 18321
D
ICS 91.010.20; 93.020 Supersedes
DIN 18321:2010-04

German construction contract procedures (VOB) –


Part C: General technical specifications in construction contracts
(ATV) –
Jet grouting work,
English translation of DIN 18321:2012-09

VOB Vergabe- und Vertragsordnung für Bauleistungen –


Teil C: Allgemeine Technische Vertragsbedingungen für Bauleistungen (ATV) –
Düsenstrahlarbeiten,
Englische Übersetzung von DIN 18321:2012-09
Cahier des charges allemand pour des travaux de bâtiment (VOB) –
Partie C: Clauses techniques générales pour l’exécution des travaux de bâtiment (ATV) –
Travaux aux colonnes de sol-ciment réalisés par jet,
Traduction anglaise de DIN 18321:2012-09

Document comprises 10 pages

Translation by DIN-Sprachendienst.
In case of doubt, the German-language original shall be considered authoritative.

© No part of this translation may be reproduced without prior permission of


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DIN 18321:2012-09

Foreword
This standard has been prepared by the Deutscher Vergabe- und Vertragsausschuss für Bauleistungen (DVA)
(German Committee for construction contract procedures).

Amendments

This standard differs from DIN 18321:2010-04 as follows:

a) this document has been editorially revised;

b) the references to VOB/A and VOB/C have been updated;

c) the normative references have been updated as of 2012-06.

Previous editions

DIN V 18321: 2002-07


DIN 18321: 2002-12, 2010-04

Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated
references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced
document (including any amendments) applies.

DIN 1960, German construction contract procedures (VOB) — Part A: General provisions relating to the
award of construction contracts

DIN 1961, German construction contract procedures (VOB) — Part B: General conditions of contract relating
to the execution of construction work

DIN 4020, Geotechnical investigations for civil engineering purposes — Supplementary rules to DIN EN 1997-2

DIN 4023, Geotechnical investigation and testing — Graphical representation of borehole logs, trial pits, shafts
and adits

DIN 4123, Excavations, foundations and underpinnings in the area of existing buildings

DIN 18196, Earthworks — Soil classification for civil engineering purposes and methods of soil identification

DIN 18299, German construction contract procedures (VOB) — Part C: General technical specifications in
construction contracts (ATV) — General rules applying to all types of construction work

DIN 18301, German construction contract procedures (VOB) — Part C: General technical specifications in
construction contracts (ATV) — Drilling work

DIN 18309, German construction contract procedures (VOB) — Part C: General technical specifications in
construction contracts (ATV) — Ground treatment by grouting
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DIN EN 1997-2, Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design — Part 2: Ground investigation and testing

DIN EN 1997-2/NA, National Annex — Nationally determined parameters — Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design —
Part 2: Ground investigation and testing

DIN EN 12716:2001-12, Execution of special geotechnical works — Jet grouting

DIN EN ISO 14688-1, Geotechnical investigation and testing — Identification and classification of soil —
Part 1: Identification and description

DIN EN ISO 14688-2, Geotechnical investigation and testing — Identification and classification of soil —
Part 2: Principles for a classification

DIN EN ISO 14689-1, Geotechnical investigation and testing — Identification and classification of rock —
Part 1: Identification and description

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Contents
Page

0 Details required for drafting the specification of works ..... 4


1 Scope .............................................................................. 6
2 Materials and components ............................................... 6
3 Execution of work ............................................................ 7
4 Associated tasks and special tasks .................................. 9
5 Settlement of accounts .................................................. 10

0 Details required for drafting the specification of works


The following information supplements the general information specified in clause 0 of
DIN 18299. Without this information, a specification of works as required in § 7, § 7 EG
or § 7 VS of VOB/A (DIN 1960) cannot be properly drawn up.

This information does not form part of the contract.

The specification of works shall, in particular, include the following information as and
when applicable.

0.1 Site information


0.1.1 Objectives of jetting operations (e.g. permanent or temporary structure).

0.1.2 Any obligations and conditions imposed as a result of approval.

0.1.3 Geotechnical conditions, with details as in subclause 5 of DIN EN 12716:2001-12,


and location of any temporary structures left in the ground.

0.1.4 Depths and types of foundation of, and constructional details of, and loads from,
neighbouring structures.

4
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0.1.5 Working space available for jetting operations and space for treatment of spoil
return.

0.2 Details of execution of work


0.2.1 Types, location and size of jet grouted elements, any tolerances to be met,
working sequence.

0.2.2 Requirements regarding strength, permeability and chemical resistance of


grouted elements.

0.2.3 Any special measures to protect neighbouring land and structures during jetting
operations.

0.2.4 Strength, permissible deformation and stability of neighbouring structures and


building elements affected by drilling and jetting operations.

0.2.5 Permissible deformation of the ground and permissible movement of structures,


and any measures for monitoring deformation.

0.2.6 Any special requirements to be met by the parts of boreholes that are not to be
grouted, unless hardened grout residue is permitted to remain.
0.2.7 Any special requirements regarding the form grouted structures are to take, and
tolerances to be met.

0.2.8 Type and condition of working surfaces.

0.3 Details not included in the specifications of this standard


0.3.1 If specifications are to be made that are not included in the specifications of this
standard, they shall be described separately and clearly in the specification of works.

0.3.2 Such specifications may be of particular relevance in:


subclause 3.1.2, if the choice of jetting technique is not to be left to the contractor;
subclause 3.2.1, if the client is to specify the jetting system, jet grouting parameters or
the working sequence.

0.4 Details of associated tasks and special tasks


The following are especially likely to require separate itemization in accordance with
subclause 0.4.1 of DIN 18299: moving the grout preparation and jetting equipment from
one injection hole to another (cf. subclause 4.1.5).

0.5 Accounting of works


In the specification of works, accounting of works shall be based on the following units,
accounted for separately according to soil type, type of grouted elements and mix of
grouting material:
 making grouted elements: by jetting length (m);
 performance of tests, grouped according to method used;

5
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 removal of any excess material: by area of exposed surface (m2);


 disposal of spoil return: by volume (m3) or mass (kg, tonnes);
 removal of soil containing hardened grouting material from working levels: by
number, grouped according to working sections;
 moving equipment from one injection hole to another, grouped according to
distance: by number.
 making preliminary elements, including tests: by number.

1 Scope
This standard covers jet grouting operations for the purpose of enhancing the
water impermeability of soil, rock and backfill.
1.2 It does not deal with
 the associated drilling work (cf. DIN 18301);
 grouting other than jet grouting (cf. DIN 18309).

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1.3 Clauses 1 to 5 of DIN 18299 shall also apply. In cases where the
specifications of DIN 18299 contradict the present standard, the latter shall take
precedence.

2 Materials and components


The specifications of clause 2 of DIN 18299 are to be supplemented as follows:

2.1 General
The materials used for jet grouting shall conform to the specifications of
DIN EN 12716.

2.2 Materials
The contractor shall ascertain that the raw materials and the suspensions used
for jetting comply with the requirements specified in clause 6 of
DIN EN 12716:2001-12 and provide proof of such if requested by the client.

2.3 Classification of soil and rock


For the investigation and description of soil and rock the following apply:
DIN 4020
DIN 4023
DIN 18196
DIN EN 1997-2

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DIN EN 1997-2/NA
DIN EN ISO 14688-1
DIN EN ISO 14688-2
DIN EN ISO 14689-1

2.4 Classification of backfill


Backfill should be classified as in subclause 2.3. Where this is impossible, its
geotechnical characteristics in terms of suitability for jetting are to be described.

3 Execution of work
The specifications of clause 3 of DIN 18299 are to be supplemented as follows:

3.1 General
3.1.1 For specifications relating to underpinning and jetting operations, the
following apply:
DIN 4123
DIN EN 12716

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3.1.2 The choice and deployment of equipment and construction schedule
shall be left to the contractor.
3.1.3 Prior to any jetting operations the client and the contractor shall jointly
make a site inspection to establish, and document, the condition of structures or
services within the injection zone (cf. § 3 clause (4) VOB/B (DIN 1961)).
3.1.4 The temporary storage and disposal of the spoil return shall be the
responsibility of the contractor.
3.1.5 On the client’s request, the contractor shall provide proof of having
properly disposed of any residues (spoil return and excess material).

3.2 Jet grouting


3.2.1 The choice of jetting process, jet grouting parameters and the working
sequence shall be left to the contractor. Where jet grouting parameters are
known from preliminary tests, these parameters shall be used.
3.2.2 If the target parameters are not achieved, the contractor shall notify the
client immediately and agreement shall be reached on any further measures.
The work involved counts as a special task unless the contractor is at fault (cf.
subclause 4.2.1).

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3.2.3 If the contractor identifies any risks (e.g. to the stability of structures) as
a result of jetting operations, he shall notify the client without delay. If there is
imminent danger, the contractor shall immediately take the necessary
precautions. Agreement shall be reached on any further measures. Any
measures taken by the contractor as well as further agreed measures count as
special tasks unless the contractor is at fault (cf. subclause 4.2.1).
3.2.4 After completion of the jetting operation the suspension level shall be
maintained until the hardening process is complete. If there is an unexpected
loss of suspension (e.g. owing to this leaking into cavities in the ground), the
contractor shall take any necessary measures immediately. Any measures
taken by him as well as further agreed measures count as special tasks unless
the contractor is at fault (cf. subclause 4.2.1).

3.3 Quality control


3.3.1 The contractor shall keep a jetting record, which he shall hand over to
the client on acceptance. This log shall provide the following information.
3.3.1.1 Results of standard tests:
 density of grout as delivered (measured twice per working shift and mixing
plant);
 density of spoil return (measured twice per working shift and pumping plant)
of which two control samples are to be retained until at least the end of
jetting operations.
 The routine checks shall include monitoring the grout hardening process of
spoil return samples.
3.3.1.2 For every completed jetting operation:
 designation, prescribed inclination, orientation and final depth of jet grouting
rig per borehole;
 date and time of the beginning and end of jetting;
 location of starting point(s) for jetting;
 type and composition of grout;
 translational and rotational speed continually recorded as a function of
depth and time;
 quantity and pressure continually recorded as a function of depth and time
of materials used in jetting operations;
 location and length of grouted element as measured;
 any unscheduled occurrences (e.g. appearance of floatable matter such as
coal or wood, unsteady flow of spoil return, interruptions to operations).
3.3.2 Quality control procedures may include the following:

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 establishing, by measurement, the location of the starting point(s) for jetting;


 establishing the orientation of the jetting rig;
 determining the diameter of grouted elements;
 taking samples from grouted elements;
 performance of tests on samples taken from grouted elements with a
loadbearing function (e.g. where such elements are used for underpinning
or securing foundations against uplift);
 probing, loading tests and making trial pits.
In all cases, the work involved counts as a special task (cf. subclause 4.2.1).

4 Associated tasks and special tasks


4.1 Associated tasks
In addition to those specified in subclause 4.1 of DIN 18299, the following also
count as associated tasks.
4.1.1 Establishing the condition of roads, of the ground surface, of receiving
waters, etc., in accordance with § 3 clause (4) of VOB/B (DIN 1961).
4.1.2 Renewed drilling through elements already constructed.
4.1.3 Temporary storage and disposal of uncontaminated spoil return.
4.1.4 Maintaining working levels as required for operations.
4.1.5 Moving the grout mixing and jetting equipment from one injection hole to
another, except for work as specified in 4.2.7.
4.1.6 Monitoring adjacent buildings for any signs of settlement or rise in level
during jetting operations using levels.

4.2 Special tasks


In addition to those specified in subclause 4.2 of DIN 18299, the following also
count as special tasks.
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4.2.1 Work as specified in subclause 3.1.3, 3.2.2 to 3.2.4, and 3.3.2.


4.2.2 Supplying proof of stability and working drawings.
4.2.3 Ground and water investigations.
4.2.4 Constructing preliminary elements, including investigations and
sampling.
4.2.5 Loading tests.

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4.2.6 Moving the grout mixing and jetting equipment from one injection hole to
another for grout preparation and for grouting in cases where the contractor is
not at fault.
4.2.7 Disposal of spoil return if this has been degraded due to soil and water
pollutants.
4.2.8 Permeability tests (e.g. by pumping or making geophysical
investigations).
4.2.9 Removal of any excess material occurring as a consequence of the
jetting operations.
4.2.10 Removal of any hardened grout residues in the soil.
4.2.11 Removal of soil containing hardened spoil return from the working level.
4.2.12 Measurements other than those referred to in subclause 4.1.6.
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4.2.13 Work to establish the dimensions of grouted elements as in


DIN EN 12716.

5 Settlement of accounts
The specifications of clause 5 of DIN 18299 shall be supplemented as follows.
5.1 Accounting of the jetting length shall be on the basis of the length as
scheduled.
5.2 Removal of excess material shall be accounted for by area covered (in
projection).

10

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