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How to convert a numeric value into English

words in Excel
(Microsoft Office Excel 2003, Microsoft Office Excel 2007, Microsoft Excel 2010, Excel 2016, Microsoft Excel 2013)

Summary
This article contains sample Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications functions that you can
use to convert a numeric value in a Microsoft Excel worksheet cell into its equivalent in
English words.

More Information
Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either
expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of
merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar
with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are
used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the
functionality of a particular procedure. However, they will not modify these examples to
provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.

How to create the sample function Called SpellNumber

1. Start Microsoft Excel.

2. Press ALT+F11 to start the Visual Basic Editor.

3. On the Insert menu, click Module.


4. Type the following code into the module sheet.

Function SpellNumber(amt As Variant) As Variant


Dim FIGURE As Variant
Dim LENFIG As Integer
Dim i As Integer
Dim WORDs(19) As String
Dim tens(9) As String
WORDs(1) = "One"
WORDs(2) = "Two"
WORDs(3) = "Three"
WORDs(4) = "Four"
WORDs(5) = "Five"
WORDs(6) = "Six"
WORDs(7) = "Seven"
WORDs(8) = "Eight"
WORDs(9) = "Nine"
WORDs(10) = "Ten"
WORDs(11) = "Eleven"
WORDs(12) = "Twelve"
WORDs(13) = "Thirteen"
WORDs(14) = "Fourteen"
WORDs(15) = "Fifteen"
WORDs(16) = "Sixteen"
WORDs(17) = "Seventeen"
WORDs(18) = "Eighteen"
WORDs(19) = "Nineteen"
tens(2) = "Twenty"
tens(3) = "Thirty"
tens(4) = "Fourty"
tens(5) = "Fifty"
tens(6) = "Sixty"
tens(7) = "Seventy"
tens(8) = "Eighty"
tens(9) = "Ninety"
FIGURE = amt
FIGURE = Format(FIGURE, "FIXED")
FIGLEN = Len(FIGURE)
If FIGLEN < 12 Then
FIGURE = Space(12 - FIGLEN) & FIGURE
End If
If Val(Left(FIGURE, 9)) > 1 Then
SpellNumber = "Rupees "
ElseIf Val(Left(FIGURE, 9)) = 1 Then
SpellNumber = "Rupee "
End If
For i = 1 To 3
If Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)) < 20 And Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)) > 0 Then
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & WORDs(Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)))
ElseIf Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)) > 19 Then
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & tens(Val(Left(FIGURE, 1)))
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & WORDs(Val(Right(Left(FIGURE, 2), 1)))
End If
If i = 1 And Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)) > 0 Then
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & " Crore "
ElseIf i = 2 And Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)) > 0 Then
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & " Lakh "
ElseIf i = 3 And Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)) > 0 Then
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & " Thousand "
End If
FIGURE = Mid(FIGURE, 3)
Next i
If Val(Left(FIGURE, 1)) > 0 Then
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & WORDs(Val(Left(FIGURE, 1))) + " Hundred "
End If
FIGURE = Mid(FIGURE, 2)
If Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)) < 20 And Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)) > 0 Then
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & WORDs(Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)))
ElseIf Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)) > 19 Then
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & tens(Val(Left(FIGURE, 1)))
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & WORDs(Val(Right(Left(FIGURE, 2), 1)))
End If
FIGURE = Mid(FIGURE, 4)
If Val(FIGURE) > 0 Then
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & " Paise "
If Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)) < 20 And Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)) > 0 Then
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & WORDs(Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)))
ElseIf Val(Left(FIGURE, 2)) > 19 Then
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & tens(Val(Left(FIGURE, 1)))
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & WORDs(Val(Right(Left(FIGURE, 2), 1)))
End If
End If
FIGURE = amt
FIGURE = Format(FIGURE, "FIXED")
If Val(FIGURE) > 0 Then
SpellNumber = SpellNumber & " Only "
End If
End Function

How to use the SpellNumber sample function

To use the sample functions to change a number to written text, use one of the methods
demonstrated in the following examples:
Method 1: Direct Entry

You can change 32.50 into "Thirty Two Dollars and Fifty Cents" by entering the following
formula into a cell:

=SpellNumber(32.50)

Method 2: Cell reference

You can refer to other cells in the workbook. For example, enter the number 32.50 into cell
A1, and type the following formula into another cell:

=SpellNumber(A1)

Method 3: Insert Function

To use Insert Function, follow these steps:

Excel 2003:

1. Select the cell that you want.

2. Click Insert Function on the Standard toolbar.

3. Under Or select a category, click User Defined.

4. In the Select a function list, click SpellNumber, and then click OK.

5. Enter the number or cell reference that you want, and then click OK.

Excel 2007 and 2010:

1. Select the cell that you want.

2. Click Insert Function on the Formulas ribbon.


3. Under Or select a category, click User Defined.
4. In the Select a function list, click SpellNumber, and then click OK.
5. Enter the number or cell reference that you want, and then click OK.

Properties

Article ID: 213360 - Last Review: 23-Sep-2015 - Revision: 1

Applies to
Microsoft Office Excel 2003, Microsoft Office Excel 2007, Microsoft Excel 2010, Excel 2016,
Microsoft Excel 2013