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LIFTS & ESCALATORS

LIFT
(INTRODUCTION)
 EFFICIENT LIFT IS IMPORTANT TO THE HIGHRISE
BUILDING
 SEVERAL FACTORS INVOLVED IN DETERMINING
THE SIZE & NUMBER OF LIFT REQUIRED
 NORMALLY SEVERAL LIFTS INSTALLED AT ONE
BEST LOCATION (i.e. HOTEL LOBBY) RATHER THAN
SPREAD INSIDE THE BUILDING TO AVOID WAITING
 GROUP LIFTS REDUCE INSTALLATION COST
 DEMAND OF USING LIFT TEND TO BE REDUCED IF
A STAIRCASE AVAILABE ON THE WAY TO A LIFT
 MUST BE EASILY SEEN AND ACCESSIBLE
 SEVERAL SMALLER LIFTS PROVIDE BETTER
SERVICE THAN FEWER LARGER LIFTS BUT
INSTALLATION COST LOWER FOR THE LATTER

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NUMBER OF LIFTS

 Population: Normally take 10 m.sq = 1 person


 Round Trip Time = time in second taken by one lift to travel from
ground floor to top and return to the ground floor
 Flow rate: usually express as a percentage of the total population
during 5 min peak demand period:
 12 percent for staggered starting times
 17 percent for unified starting times
 Interval : express in seconds = round trip time of one lift/number of
cars.
 Average waiting time= 0.5 of the interval (but in practice = 0.75 of
the interval) Table 11.2
 Lift travel: number of floor above ground X floor height

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(Lift Speed)

interval
Handling
capacity

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Electric Lift
 Lift car with steel ropes
 Drive by electrical motor
 Required counterweight
 Load motor = (weight of car + its load) –
(counterweight + friction)
 Counterweight about 40- 40-50% of weight of
car + its load + friction
 Friction about 20 percent of the
counterweight

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FOUR TYPE OF ROPE


ARRANGEMENTS
 SINGLE-WRAP TRACTION (11.2 &11.3)
SINGLE-
 DOUBLE
DOUBLE--WRAP TRACTION (11.4)
 2:1 ROPING (11.5)
 3:1 ROPING (11.6)

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MODIFIED ROPING
ARRANGEMENTS
 COMPENSATING ROPES (11.7)
 ROPING FOR MACHINE ROOM AT LOW
LEVEL (11.8)
 DRUM DRIVE (11.9)

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Brakes

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PATERNOSTERS
 A SERIES OF 2 PERSON DOORLESS LIFT
CARS
 PASSENGER ENTERS & LEAVES A CAR
WHILE IT IS MOVING
 SPEED NOT EXCEEDING 0.4 m/s
 NOT SUITABLE FOR THE ELDERLY
 650 PERSONS/hr
 SUITABLE UP TO 7 STOREYS BUILDING
(HOSPITALS, COLLEGES, HOSTELS)

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OIL--HYDRAULIC LIFTS
OIL
 USES OIL PRESURE FROM SELF-
SELF-
CONTAINED POWER PACK & DRIVEN
BY ELECTRIC MOTOR
 MODERATE CAR SPEED (0.12-
(0.12-1 m/s)
 MAXIMUM TRAVEL 21 m
 SUITABLE FOR GOODS LIFTS &
ELDERLY

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ESCALATOR
 CONTINOUS CONVEYORS FOR MOVING
LARGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE FROM ONE
FLOOR TO ANOTHER
 NO WAITING TIME
 REVERSIBLE TO SUIT THE MAIN FLOW OF
TRAFFIC DURING PEAK TIMES
 SPEED 0.45-
0.45-0.7 m/s
 SUITABLE FOR SUPERMARKET, SHOPPING
MALL, BANKS,AIR TERMINAL, BUS/RAILWAY
STATIONS

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