Sie sind auf Seite 1von 25

Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

Name: _________________________
Per.: _____ Date: _______________

Algebra 1
FINAL EXAM REVIEW
Spring Semester Material (by chapter)

Your Algebra 1 Final will be on _________________________ at ________.

You will need to bring your textbook and number 2 pencils with you to the
final exam.

The final exam will cover the entire year. Re-review the material from the
fall semester as well.

Do not lose this packet. Replacement packets will cost $$$.

1
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

What You Must Memorize For Final

–b ± b2 – 4ac
1) Quadratic Formula: x= 2a

2) Standard Form: ax2 + bx + c = 0

3) Perfect Squares from 0 to 169: √0 , √1 , √4 , √16 … ,

4) Discriminant: b2 - 4ac

5) Complete the Square: x2 5x + ___


2
5 25
2 4

6) Direct Variation: y=kx

7) Inverse Variation:

8) Vertex:

9) Pythagorean Theorem: a2 + b2 = c2

10) X and Y Intercepts: To find y-intercept, set x’s equal to zero. To


find, x-intercepts, set y equal to zero and solve for x.

2
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

*** show your work wherever applicable for full credit ***
Chapter 5

Match each of the following polynomials with its special term name.

1. 4x2 + 27x – 8 _____ a) trinomial

2. 5x3y10 _____ b) binomial

3. 3x + 5x3 _____ c) monomial

Add or subtract the following polynomials.


4. (8t2 – 10t + 2) + (8t + 13) _________________________

5. (x2 + 5x – 1) – (7x2 + 2) _________________________

6. (x4 + 7x3 + 7) – (2x4 – 4x3 + 1) _________________________

7. (3n3 + n2 – n – 4) + (5n3 – 4n2 + 11) _________________________

Write in decimal form (standard notation).


8. 8 × 104 10. 9 × 10-3

9. 9.82 × 105 11. 7.24 × 10-6

Write in scientific notation.


12. 400,000 14. 0.00056

13. 5412 15. 0.0000814

3
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

Simplify the following. Leave all answers with positive exponents.


16. x2 • x7 22. (2w2x4)3

17. (a4)12 28x 2


23.
y −9

x14
18. (3b)3 24.
x6

8
⎛x⎞
25. ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟
19. 9770
⎝y⎠

1
20. 7d4 d6
5−3 26. •
df 5 f 5

21. –6x8y–8 3t4 v3


27.
21t2 v6

Multiply or Divide. Express your answers in scientific notation.


28. (2.3 × 102)(4.5 × 10–7) 4.8 × 102
29.
1.2 × 105

4
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

Multiply.
30. 3x(4x – 9) _________________________

31. 4x2(x + 6) _________________________

32. 2x2(15x3 – 10) _________________________

Multiply the following. Use your choice of methods, but show your work!!
33. (x + 9)(x – 6) 36. (x – 6)(x – 8)

34. (x + 3)(4x + 5) 37. (7x + 3)(7x – 2)

35. (3x – 1)(8x + 1) 38. (3x3 – 2x2 + 6)(x + 5)

5
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

Chapter 6

Factor out the largest possible monomial.


39. 5x2 – 15 40. 8a + 10b – 16 41. 3c4 – 6c2 – 15c

Factor completely (remember – they are not always “ready” to go…).


42. x2 + 9x + 14 43. y2 – 15y + 54 44. t2 + 8t + 15

45. m2 + 23m – 24 46. x2 – x – 12 47. x2 + xy – 42y2

Factor the following differences of squares completely.


48. x2 – 121 49. 100a2 – 144 50. 5m2 – 20

6
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

Factor the following perfect square trinomials completely.


51. x2 + 18x + 81 52. 25m2 + 30m + 9 53. 4y3 – 16y2 + 16y

Factor completely (remember – they are not always “ready” to go…).


54. 3y2 – 20y + 12 55. 2x2 – 13x – 45 56. 18n3 + 33n2 – 6n

Solve for the given variable.


57. (a – 5)(a + 2) = 0 58. x(x – 3) = 0 59. y2 + 23y – 24 = 0

7
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

Chapter 10

Multiply or Divide.
2 3 3 7
60. • 61. ÷
3 16 4 8

5x x 5x x
62. • 63. ÷
2 15 2 15

Add or Subtract.
3 7 1 5
64. + 65. –
4 4 3 7

66. (5x – 7) – (8x – 12) (12x + 4) (4x + 3)


67. –
5 5

Simplify Completely.
12x4y6 3x + 9
68. 69.
8x7y2 3x

8
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

3a + 9b 6y2 + 3y
70. 71.
12a2 3y2 + 6y

14a2 − 14b2 b2 − 10b + 21


72. 73.
21a − 21b b2 − 11b + 28

Multiply.
5 4x 2x2 5
74. • 75. •
2x 17 x 2x

4x 4x + 4 m2 − 4 4m2
76. • 77. •
2x + 2 8x 5m m+2

9
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

Divide.
2x 12x 10x3 2x3y
78. ÷ 79. ÷
7 21 5x 6x2

7 26 4x − 6 6x − 9
80. ÷ 81. ÷
x+4 x+4 5 25

Add or Subtract.
4x 6x 5x + 3 3x + 7
82. + 83. +
7 7 x+3 x+3

2w2 + w 9 (4x + 2) (7x − 6)


84. – 3 85. −
w3 w (3x + 1) (3x + 1)

10
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet
3x2 + 2x − 5 2x2 − x + 6 1 5
86. + 87. –
5x + 1 5x + 1 3x x

5m 3 2u v
88. − 89. − 2 2
m−1 m(m − 1) uv3 u v

3a −1 1 x+4
90. + 91. − 2
a+2 a x−4 x − x – 12

3 3 15 7
92. + 2 93. 2 −
x–2 x + 4x – 12 b −9 2b − 6

11
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

Chapter 11

94. Estimate which two integers each square root is between:

a) 73 is between ____ and ____ b) 13 is between ____ and ____

95. Simplify (show work):

a) 180 b) 252

c) x2y3 d) 196b5

96. Simplify to find (show work):


700
a) 81 • 25 b)
7

c) 3 7 +8 7 d) 5 24 − 4 6

5
e) f) 5 (5 + 5 )
3

97. Find the missing side length for each triangle (show your steps):
a) b)

u 13 2 v

12 5

12
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

98. Solve (show work):


a) 4x + 7 = 15 b) x + 5 + 8 = 19

99. To hang a math poster in his office, Mr. Zito leaned a 10 foot ladder against the wall, placing
the bottom of the ladder on the floor 3 feet away from the wall. How high up on the wall was
the ladder? (Show work. A labeled picture is also required)

Chapter 13

100. Write the quadratic formula.

Solve the following using the QUADRATIC FORMULA. Complete all blanks.
101. 3x2 + 4 = 8x
_____________________ (standard form)
a = _____
substitution
b = _____
c = _____

solution(s) for x:

13
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

102. 6x + 5 = -2x2
_____________________ (standard form)
a = _____
substitution
b = _____
c = _____

solution(s) for x:

103. Write the formula for the discriminant

For questions 5 – 7, the blanks provided are for the following information:
a) Substitute values for a, b, & c into the discriminant formula.
b) Find the discriminant.
c) Tell how many solutions the quadratic has.

104. 3x2 + 4 = 3x a) d = __________________ (substitution)


b) d = __________________ (simplified)
c) _____________________ (# of solutions)

105. 4x + 2 = 3x2 a) d = __________________ (substitution)


b) d = __________________ (simplified)
c) _____________________ (# of solutions)

106. x2 = 8x – 16 a) d = __________________ (substitution)


b) d = __________________ (simplified)
c) _____________________ (# of solutions)

14
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

107. Solve each of the following using the zero-product property. SHOW WORK.
a) (x + 10)(x + 24) = 0 b) (2x – 6)(5x + 2) = 0

c) x(x + 158) = 0 d) 5x(4x – 16)(x + 9) = 0

108. Solve each of the following equations by factoring: SHOW WORK.


a) x2 – 8x + 16 = 0 b) x2 + 4x – 21 = 0

109. Complete the square for the following:

a) x2 + 20x __________ b) u2 – 26u __________

110. Solve using any method you want… show work!!


a) x2 – 49 = 0 b) x2 + 10x = –4

15
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

Chapter 12

Identify the domain and range for each. Tell if the relation is a function.

111. h: {(3, 1), (2, 4), (3, 5), (4, 8)} 112. j: {(2, 7), (3, 6), (4, 5), (5, 4), (6, 3)}

a) domain: ____________________ a) domain: ____________________

b) range: ____________________ b) range: ____________________

c) function / not a function c) function / not a function

113. k: {(1, 2), (2, 3), (3, 2), (4, 1)} 114. m: {(4, 5), (4, 2), (4, 1), (4, 3), (1, 6)}

a) domain: ____________________ a) domain: ____________________

b) range: ____________________ b) range: ____________________

c) function / not a function c) function / not a function

Find the indicated outputs for the following functions.

115. f(x) = –4x2 – 2 116. g(x) = –| x – 3 | + 6

f(1) = g(–2) =

f(–3) = g(–1) =

f(0) = g(4) =

16
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

Determine which of the following graphs represent functions.


117. y
118. y
119. y

x x x

function / not a function function / not a function function / not a function

State the domain and range for the following graphs.


120. y 121. y 122. y

x x x

Domain: _________ Domain: _________ Domain: _________


Range: __________ Range: __________ Range: __________

Graph the following functions.


2
123. f(x) = | x | 124. g(x) = | x – 3 | – 4 125. h(x) = – x+2
3

y y y

x x x

17
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

Graph each of the following quadratic functions, finding all indicated information.
126. f(x) = x2
b Vertex

2a

y-intercept x-intercept(s)

127. f(x) = x2 – 5
b Vertex

2a

y-intercept x-intercept(s)

128. f(x) = x2 – 4x – 12
b Vertex

2a

y-intercept x-intercept(s)

18
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

129. Find an equation of variation where y varies directly as x for each pair of values given.
a) y = 3 when x = 24 b) y = 50 when x = 25

130. Find an equation of variation where y varies inversely as x for each pair of values given.
2
a) y = when x = 27 b) y = 4 when x = 8
3

19
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet

131. Find the Vertex: 132. Write the equation in Standard


f(x) = 4x2 + 8x + 1 Form and then identify a, b, and c.

3x2 = -2x + 1

133. Solve using the quadratic formula: 134. Find the x and y intercepts:
3x2 -7x +4 = 0 f(x) = x2 – 3x – 10

135. y
136. What is the Domain and the
Range of a relation defined by:
{(5,2), (5,3), (6,2), (3,1)}

Function? Yes or No Domain: _________________

Domain: ________________ Range: __________________

Range: _________________

137. Find the indicated outputs for the 138. Find the equation of variation
function: where y varies directly as x, and y = 14
f(x) = 3x2 – 1 for f(-2) and x = 2.

20
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet
139. Find the equation of variation 140. x −1 = 4
where y varies inversely with x, and y =
14 and x = 2.

141. ( x + 3) 2 = 16 142. What number should be added to


complete the square?

X2 + 6x + __

4 25
143. 144.
25 3

145. 12 − 2 = 146. (2 5 ) 2

147. Find the length of side a.

9
a

21
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet
ANSWER KEY
   
17  a48 
18  27b3 
19  1 
20  53  or 125 
6
21   

22  8w6x12 
23  28x2y9     or   28y9x2 
24  X8  

25   

7
26   

27   
7
28  1.035x10‐4 
29  4.4x10‐3 
30  12x2‐27x 
31  4x3+24x2 
32  30x5‐20x2 
  33  x2+3x‐54 
Page 3‐21  34  4x2+17+15 
1  a  35  24x2+5x‐1 
2  c  36  X2‐14x=48 
3  b  37  45x2+7x‐6 

4  8t2‐2t+15  38  3x4+13x3‐10x2+6x+30 

5  ‐6x2+5x‐3  39  5(x2‐3) 


6  ‐x4+11x3+6  40  2(4a+5b‐8) 
3 2
7  8n ‐3n ‐n+7  41  3c(c3‐2c‐5) 
8  80,000  42  (x+2)(x+7) 
9  982,000  43  (y‐6)(8‐9) 
10  .009  44  (t+3)(t+5) 
11  .00000724 45 (m‐1)(m+24)
5
12  4 x 10   46 (x+3)(x‐4)
3
13  5.412 x 10 47 (x‐6y)(x+7y)
‐4
14  5.6 x 10 48 (x‐11)(x+11)
‐5
15  8.14 x 10 49 (10a‐12)(10a+12)
9
16  X  50 5(m‐2)(m+2)

22
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet
ANSWER KEY
2 10
51  (x+9)   81  
3
2 10
52  (5m+3)   82  
7
2 8 10
53  4y(y‐2)   83  
3
2 9
54  (3y‐2)(y‐6)  84  

3 8
55  (2x+5)(x‐9)  85  
3 1
5 1
56  3n(6n‐1)(n+2)  86  
5 1
14
57  a=5 ; a=‐2  87  
3
5 3
58  X=0 ; x=+3  88  
1
2
59  Y=1 ; y=‐24  89  

1 3 2
60    90  
8 2
6 1
61    91  
7 4 3
3 21
62    92  
6 6 2
75 7 7
63    93  
2 2 3 3
5 a) 8 and 9
64    94
2 b) 3 and 4 
8 a) 6√5 ; b) 6√7 ; c) xy   ; d) 14 √
65    95
21

66  ‐3x+5  96 a) 45 ; b) 10 ; c) 11√7  ; d) 6√6 ; e)  

8 1
67    97 a) 5      b) √29 or   5.4 
5
3
68    98 a) 16     b) 116 
2
3
69    99 √91 or   9.5 

3 √ 4
70    100  
4 2
2 1
71    101 x = 2  &  x =   
2
2 NO SOLUTION; can’t have a negative 
72    102
3 inside radical 
3
73    103 4  
4
10 b) ‐39 ;  c) zero solutions 
74    104
17
75  5  105 b) 40  ; c) 2 solutions 
76  1  106 b) 0  ;  c) 1 solution 
4 2 a) ‐10 & ‐24 ; b) 3 &    ; c) 0 & ‐158  
77    107
5 d) 0 & 4 & ‐9  
1
78    108 a) 4 ; b) ‐7  &  3  
2
6
79    109 a) +100  ;  b) +169 

7 a) 7  &  ‐7 ; b)  5 √21 
80  110
26

23
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet
ANSWER KEY

111  a) {2,3,4} ;  b) {1,4,5,8} ; c) not a function 
112  a) {2,3,4,5,6} ;  b) {3,4,5,6,7} ; c) function 
113  a) {1,2,3,4} ;  b) {1,2,3} ; c) function 
114  a) {1,4} ;  b) {1,2,3,5,6} ; c) not a function 
115  ‐6  ;  ‐38  ;  ‐2 
116  1  ;  2  ;  5 
117  Not a function 
118  Not a function 
119  function 
120  Domain: {x|x≤2} ; Range: {y|all real numbers} 
121  Domain: {x|1≤x≤5} ; Range: {y|1≤y≤4} 
122  Domain:  all real numbers ; Range:  all real numbers 
123  Graph should form a v: 
124  Graph should form a v:
125  Graph should be a negative sloped line:   
126  0  ;  vertex (0,0) ; y‐intercept (0,0) ; x‐intercepts (0,0) 
0  ;  vertex (0,‐5) ; y‐intercept (0,‐5) ; x‐intercepts = 
127  √5 √5 , 0 & √5 , 0  
128  2  ;  vertex (2,‐16) ; y‐intercept (0,‐12) ; x‐intercepts = 6 & ‐2 or (6,0) & (‐2,0) 

129  a)       ;   b)  y=2x 

130  a)      ;   b)    


131  (‐1, ‐3) 
3x2 + 2x  1 = 0 
132  a=3 ; b=2 ; c=  1 

133     &   1 

134  ‐2 & 5 ; or (‐2, 0) & (5,0) 
135  Yes ; all real numbers; {y|y 4 
136  {3,5,6} ; {1,2,3} 
137  11 
138  y=7x 
28
139 
 

140  17 
141  1  &   7 
24
Algebra 1 – Final Review Packet
142  9 
2
 
143  5
5√3
 
144  3
145  2√3 √2 
146  20 
147  √78 

25