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English language

Verb tenses

I. Present Tense Simple (Prezentul simplu)


S + vb. la forma I + s/es (pers. a III-a, singular)
Ex.
TO WORK (a munci) TO GO (a merge)
I work (Eu muncesc) We work I go (Eu merg) We go
You work You work You go You go
He/She works They/Them work He/She goes They/Them go
Obs.
TO BE (a fi) TO HAVE (a avea)
I’am (Eu sunt) We are I have (Eu am) We have
You are You are You have You have
He/She is They/Them are He/She has They/Them have

II. Present Simple Continuous (Prezentul continuu)


S + TO BE (present tense simple) + vb. + term. –ing
Ex.
TO SING (a cânta)
I’am singing (Eu cânt) We are singing
You are singing You are singing
He/She is singing They/Them are singing

III. Present Perfect Tense Simple (Prezentul Perfect)


S + TO HAVE (present tense simple) + vb. la forma a III-a
Ex.
TO DANCE (a dansa)
I have danced We have danced
You have danced You have danced
He/She has danced They/Them have danced
Obs. I have seen, I have been (verbe neregulate)

IV. Present Perfect Continuous (Prezentul Perfect Continuu)


S + have + been + vb. + term. –ing

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Ex.
TO WORK (a munci)
I have been working We have been working
You have been working You have been working
He/She have been working They/Them have been working

V. Past Tense Simple (Trecutul Simplu)


S + vb. + term. –ed (sau verbul la forma a II-a pentru verbele neregulate)
Ex.
TO WORK
I worked (Eu am muncit) We worked
You worked You worked
He/She worked They/Them worked
Obs. 1
TO BE (a fi)
I was (Eu am fost) We were
You were You were
He/She was They/Them were
Obs .2 I saw, I sang (verbe neregulate)

VI. Past Tense Continuous (Trecutul Continuu)


S + TO BE (past simple) + vb. + term. –ing
Ex.
TO DANCE (a dansa)
I was dancing (Eu dansam) We were dancing
You were dancing You were dancing
He/She was dancing They/Them were dancing

VII. Past Perfect (Trecutul Perfect)


S + had + vb. + term. –ed (sau verbul la forma a III-a pt. verbele neregulate)
Ex. I have worked OR I have seen

VIII. Past Perfect Continuous (Trecutul Perfect Continuu)


S + had + been + vb. + term. –ing
Ex. I had been dancing
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IX. Present Conditional (Condiționalul Prezent)


S + would + vb. la forma I
Ex.
TO SING
I would sing (Eu aș cânta) We would sing
You would sing You would sing
He/She would sing They/Them would sing

X. Past Conditional (Condiționalul Trecut)


S + would + have + vb. + term. –ed (sau verbul la forma a III-a pentru verbele neregulate)
Ex.
TO DANCE
I would have danced (Aș fi dansat) We would have danced
You would have danced You would have danced
He/She would have danced They/Them would have danced
Obs. I would have seen (verbe neregulate)

XI. Future Tense Simple (Viitorul Simplu)


S + will/shall + vb. la forma I SAU S + TO BE (present) + going to + vb. La forma I
Ex.
TO SING
I will sing (Eu voi cânta) We will sing
You will sing You will sing
He/She will sing They/Them will sing
Obs. I am going to sing

XII. Future Tense Continuous (Viitorul Continuu)


S + will + be + vb. term. –ing
Ex.
TO DANCE
I will be dancing We will be dancing
You will be dancing You will be dancing
He/She will be dancing They/Them will be dancing

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English language

XII. First Conditional


if/unless clause + will(‘ll)/will not(won’t)
Ex.
a) If you do my shift tomorrow I’ll do yours on Friday. (Dacă faci tura mea mâine, eu o voi face
pe a ta vineri.)
b) Unless I get to bed before midnight, I won’t get up in time for work. (Dacă nu merg la culcare
înainte de miezul nopții, nu mă voi trezi la timp pentru muncă.)

XIII. Second Conditional


if/unless clause + would (‘d)/would not(wouldn’t)
Ex.
a) If I were older, I would get a part-time job. (Dacă aș fi mai mare, mi-aș lua un job cu jumătate
de normă.)
b) I wouldn’t go to a party, unless I had something new to wear. (Nu aș merge la o petrecere,
decât dacă aș avea ceva nou de îmbrăcat.)

XIV. Third Conditional


if clause + would(‘d)/might/could have
Ex.
a) If he’d worn running shoes, he wouldn’t/mightn’t have won the race. (Dacă ar fi purtat
pantofi sport, el nu ar fi câștigat cursa.)
b) If he hadn’t run barefoot, he could have lost the race. (Dacă nu ar fi alergat desculț, el ar fi
putut pierde cursa.)

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