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Bulletin No. 14.

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File Under Motor Graders
®

FLUID ANALYSIS GUIDE

Machine Profiles
14G and 14H Motor Graders

Description: Recommended Oil Sampling Intervals


These are motor graders equipped with a direct The recommended oil sampling intervals for this
drive planetary power shift transmission. machine model is 250 hours for the engine and 500
hours for all other systems. Caterpillar dealers or
users may wish to consider a 250 hour sampling
Serial Number Range: O&MM: interval for all systems, particularly under the
14G: 96U10743-Up SEBU6054-06 following circumstances:
96U01845-Up (10-91) 1. If the machine in under a Customer Support
96U02254-Up Agreement (CSA).
96U04298-Up 2. If the machine application is more severe than
96U04785-Up normal.
96U06675-Up
3. If the machine is under a “close follow” to monitor
96U07046-Up wear levels to ascertain whether a failure mode is
96U07748-Up in progress.
96U07753-Up
4. If an oil change interval has been altered from the
96U09075-Up interval recommended in the Operation &
Maintenance Guide.
14H: 7WJ SEBU7061
Filter Inspection
7WJ168 (05-97)
7WJ00337 Recommend that filters be saved for inspection.
Plastic bags are convenient for retaining the filters
7WJ00475
until they can be cut open for inspection. The
7WJ00664 4C5084 Filter Cutting Tool is available for this
purpose. Be alert for visible pieces of synthetic
Lubrication Recommendations friction material or metal which may indicate a
problem.
For complete information concerning lubrication
recommendations, refer to Caterpillar Machine
Lubricant Recommendations. Form SEBU6250.

Oil Sampling Procedures


These machines were not initially equipped with oil
sampling valves. If sampling valves are desired,
please refer to Special Instruction SEHS9043.

Oil Sampling Intervals


Engine: 250 hours
Transmission: 500 hours
Hydraulics: 500 hours
Final Drives: 500 hours

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Printed in U.S.A. (02/99)
CONFIDENTIAL
This document contains unpublished confidential
proprietary, and trade secret information of Caterpillar Inc.,
and is intended for distribution only to parties specifically
authorized by Caterpillar. Unauthorized copying, distri-
bution, or use is specifically prohibited.
© 1999 CATERPILLAR INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

NOTICE
Information supplied by this document is intended to
be used only as a general guideline for interpretation.
Model-specific information supplied by this document
is subject to change and may vary on a machine-by-
machine basis. Most often, changes to major
components changes are delineated by specific serial
number breaks and/or prefix changes. Equipment
changes and updates are frequent; therefore, you
may need to consult current Operations &
Maintenance Manuals, Parts Manuals, Service
Manuals or other reference materials for details for a
specific serial number machine.
Wear tables, provided elsewhere by Caterpillar, were
developed for average conditions and are intended to
reflect expected values at normal oil change periods.
They may be too high or too low for some specific
machine applications. Interpretations should be
based on the trend of wear values in each
compartment whenever possible.

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Printed in U.S.A. (02/99)
ENGINE Iron
Crankshaft
Machine Model: 14G and 14H Camshaft
Machine Model S/N: See chart on page 1. Valves
Engine Model: 3306 T Valve seats, guides and cylinder walls
Horsepower Rating: Timing gears
14G: 3L: 134 kW, 180 FWHP Oil pump
96V1-6675: 149 kW, 200 FWHP Air compressor
14H: 160 kW, 215 FWHP Chromium
Oil Change Interval: 250 Hrs. Piston rings
Filter Change Interval: 250 Hrs.
Lead
Sump Capacity: 27 Liters (7.3 Gal.)
Recommended Coolant Analysis: Main and rod bearings
Camshaft bearings
Level 1: As determined by customer requirements.
Level 2: After 500 hours of initial use, and annually Tin
or as determined by Level 1 analysis. Main and rod bearings
Engine Oil Cooler: Water Camshaft bearings
Water pump bearings
Cooling System Capacity: 42 Liters (11 Gal.)
Oil Transfer Possibilities: Aluminum
Oil may transfer between the engine and Main bearings
transmission compartments through the rear Rod bearings
crankshaft seal. Oil pump bushing
Timing gear bushings
Notes: Crankshaft thrust bearing
1. Recommend Caterpillar Diesel Engine Oil (DEO). Timing gear bearings
2. Machines equipped with variable horsepower Pistons
attachment which provides 180 FWHP in gears 1, Rocker arm bushings
2 and 3 forward and gears 1 and 2 reverse and Dirt entry (clay soils)
200 FWHP in gears 4 through 8 forward and Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
gears 3 through 6 reverse.
Silicon
WEAR ELEMENT SOURCES Dirt entry
Silicon grease (no failure)
Copper Silicon additives (no failure)
Rocker arm bushings
Wrist pin bushings Sodium
Timing gear thrust washers Coolant leak
Oil pump drive thrust washer Condensation
Governor bushings Water entry
Service meter drive gear Oil additives (no failure)
Fuel transfer pump bushings
Turbocharger bearings
Air compressor bearings
Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
Oil additives (no failure)
Oil cooler core tubes (no failure)

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Printed in U.S.A. (02/99)
TRANSMISSION, DIFFERENTIAL WEAR ELEMENT SOURCES
AND FINAL DRIVES Copper
Machine Model: 14G and 14H Differential lock-up
Machine Model S/N: See chart on page 1. Spider gear bushings
Type: Direct Drive Planetary Power Shift Thrust washer
Cooler core leaching (no failure)
Speeds: Oil additives (no failure)
14G: 8F 8R Pressure plate wear (gear pump)
14H: 8F 6R Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
Oil Change Interval: 1000 Hrs.
Iron
Filter Change Interval: 500 Hrs.
Pump housing
Sump Capacity:
Gears
14G: 130 Liters (34.5 Gal.)
Roller bearings
14H: 83 Liters (22 Gal.)
Clutch plates
Oil Sample Interval: 500 hours
Splines
Transmission Pump Type: 2 Section Gear Shafts
Final Drives: Inboard planetary for each side of Pump wear
machine. Clutch housing
Oil Cooler Type: Water Chromium
Disc Material: Roller bearings
Speed Clutches: Cellulose Fiber
Directional Clutches: Cellulose Fiber Tin
Differential Lockup Clutch: Cellulose Fiber Roller bearings
Common Sump: Transmission, differential and
Aluminum
final drives share a common sump.
Differential lock-up housing
Oil Transfer Possibilities:
Dirt entry (clay soils)
Differential (transmission) oil may transfer to the Isolation plate (gear pump)
tandem case compartment through a damaged axle Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
shaft seal.
Silicon
Notes: Dirt entry
Recommend Caterpillar Transmission / Drive Train Silicon grease (no failure)
Oil (TDTO). Silicon additives (no failure)

Sodium
Coolant leak
Condensation
Water entry
Oil additives (no failure)

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Printed in U.S.A. (02/99)
HYDRAULICS WEAR ELEMENT SOURCES
Machine Model: 14G and 14H Copper
Machine Model S/N: See chart on page 1. Cooler core leaching (no failure)
14G: 3L193-Up and 96U7046-Up will have a Oil additives (no failure)
Vickers Piston Pump instead of a Caterpillar Piston Pressure plate wear (gear pump)
Pump. Slipper and port plate wear (piston pump)
Description: Closed center, constant pressure Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
system with Caterpillar variable displacement piston Iron
pump powers blade controls, wheel lean, steering,
Pump housing
articulation and attachments. Constant pressure,
Splines
parallel control valve circuit design provides
Cylinder wear
immediate implement response. Hydraulic lock
Pump wear
valves in all implement circuits prevent undesirable
Pump bearings
cylinder drift.
Oil Change Interval: 2000 Hrs. Chromium
Filter Change Interval: 500 Hrs. Gerotor motor and pump bearings
Cylinder rods
Sump Capacity:
14G: 114 Liters (30 Gal.) Tin
14H: 63 Liters (16.4 Gal.) Pump bearings
Tank System Capacity: 125 Liters (33 Gal.)
Oil Sample Interval: 500 hours Aluminum
Oil Cooler Type: Air Dirt entry (clay soils)
Pump Type(s): Isolation plate (gear pump)
Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
Vickers Piston Pump controls flow to: Implements
and Steering Silicon
Caterpillar Piston Pump controls flow to: Dirt entry
Implements and Steering Silicon grease (no failure)
Cessna Gear Pump controls flow to: Cooling Silicon additives (no failure)
Gear Pump controls flow to: Emergency Steering
Sodium
Gerotor Motor controls flow to: Circle Drive Condensation
Gerotor Pump controls flow to: Steering Water entry
Common Sump: Implement pump, steering pump, Oil additives (no failure)
circle drive motor, blade control cylinders, steering
cylinders, wheel lean cylinder, articulation cylinders,
and attachments share a common sump.
Oil Transfer Possibilities: None

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Printed in U.S.A. (02/99)
TANDEM DRIVE AND BRAKES WEAR ELEMENT SOURCES
Machine Model: 14G and 14H Copper
Machine Model S/N: See chart on page 1. Oil additives (no failure)
Oil Change Interval: 2000 Hrs. Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
Sump Capacity: Iron
14G: 98 Liters (26 Gal.) Each
Gears
14H: 80 Liters (21 Gal.) Each
Roller bearings
Tandem Drive: Chains driven by sprockets. Splines
Brakes: Four-wheel, air actuated, multiple disc oil Shafts
cooled brakes. Housing
Brake Friction Material: Cellulose Fiber. Brake plates
Common Sump: Tandem chain drive and brakes Chromium
share a common sump. Roller bearings
Oil Transfer Possibilities:
Tin
Differential (transmission) oil may transfer to the
tandem case compartment through a damaged axle Pump bearings
shaft seal. Aluminum
Notes: Brake actuation piston
1. Recommend Caterpillar Transmission / Drive Dirt entry (clay soils)
Train Oil (TDTO). Anti-seize compounds (no failure)

Silicon
Dirt entry
Silicon grease (no failure)
Silicon additives (no failure)

Sodium
Condensation
Water entry
Oil additives (no failure)

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Printed in U.S.A. (02/99)