Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4

A NEW MODEL OF INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEM THE QHSE-SA

1 BENYETTOU SAMIYA, 2 PR MEGNOUNIF ABDELLATIF

RISAM Laboratory, Civil Engineering Department, Tlemcen University, Algeria BP 230 Chetouane Tlemcen 13000 ALGERIE E-mail : benyettousamia@gmail.co, abdellatif_megnounif@yahoo.fr

Abstract- The implementing multiple standards like ISO 9001, ISO14001 and OHSAS18001 in organization have realizes many challenges and difficulties during implementation. Using IMS (Integrated Management System) is an adequate solution for organization management. Many model and strategy are developed in literature, were highlighted, we found difficult and benefit in the implementation of these tools on field. The aim of this article is to analyze previous models for proposing a new model for integration management system based on HSL philosophies, on using the APTE model for define the function and sub- function of system for integrated system of management the quality, environment, health and safety, and food safety

Key word:

I. INTRODUCTION

An integrated management system, is a new concept of organization management, it emerged in the twentieth century. It is a set of related processes that share information about human, financial and infrastructural resources in order to achieve preset objectives, while focusing on the requirements of all stakeholders (W. Willborn, 1998). The Organizations are increasingly resorting to the implementation and integration of several management systems in order to benefit from certain advantages, such as to reduce risks and improve internal and external efficiency (Olaru, Maier, Nicoară, & Maier, 2014). There are currently several integration methods, and this has led organizations to choose among various implementation strategies. Currently, small and medium enterprises which constitute the majority of companies worldwide, including Algeria, find difficulties in the implementation of ISO standards. We have to notice that only 1.5% Algerian companies are certificate in 2015. Currently, the most of models in the literature have integrated only three systems of management (QMS, EMS and HSE). The management of food safety is not having this importance in the theoretical or empirical research although the number of ISO 22000 certification has increased with 1.4% during the last years. The objective of the present work is to propose a theoretical model based on a functional analysis of the systemic approach for the integrated management systems on quality, health and safety, environment and food safety (QHSE-FS) and using the principle of high-level structure (HLS). The new system is based on a structure of seven (07) items, i.e. the organization context, leadership, planning, support, implementation of operational activities, performance evaluation and improvement. The relationships between function and sub- function of the system are analyzed by the APTE method.

II. LITERATURE REVIEW

A multitude of IMS based on variety of ideas – theories, concepts, models etc.- are apparent in the literature and praxis to manage strategies (Asif, Joost de Bruijn, Fisscher, & Searcy, 2010; Badreddine, Romdhane, & Amor, 2009; bechmeragen, H.P. Berg, karapetrovic, 2003; Merce Bernardo, 2014; ian dalling, 2011; Idrissi, Bouami, & Cherkaoui, 2014; Jorgensen, Remmen, & Mellado, 2006; Rebelo, Santos, & Silva, 2014a, 2014b; Rocha, Searcy, & Karapetrovic, 2007; Salomone, 2008; Zeng, Shi, & Lou, 2007). These studies are developing and explaining better theory of integrated management system, this mean that IMS could be viewed as one system consisting of sub systems. This study is based on the proposed models of (Ahsen & Funck, 2001; Badreddine et al., 2009; M Bernardo & Casadesus, 2009; ian dalling, 2011; Idrissi et al., 2014; Karapetrovic, 2002; Rebelo et al., 2014b; Rocha et al., 2007; Wilkinson, Dale, Karapetrovic, & Seghezzi, 2003; S. K. W. Willborn, 1998) which were defined as the key components of our IMS model. These components based on systemic approach ,which can link the process and the PDCA approaches, and bring them under one roof (Karapetrovic, 2002). They perceived IMS as a process that receives input from its context and produces output. In this model we focus on the food company that will make a design of integrated the food safety management system with quality, environment, health and safety. Its element based on literature research related to the work of various authors. The IMS process handles management of company is associated with a set of sub-functions The proposed integrated management system (IMS) model.To carry out this research we propose a new model based on systemic approach. The model includes three parts: SMI factors (inputs), SMI functions (process), product and satisfaction of stakeholders) (outputs). The input of SMI is based on two factors: the context of organization and

Proceedings of Researchfora 8 th International Conference, Paris, France, 14 th -15 th June 2017

20

A New Model of Integrated Management System The Qhse-Sa

requirement of interested parties. The SMI process is structured based on literature reviews that determine the role of leadership, planning the objectives, deployment and support by the resource, realization of the strategy, evaluation of the performance and improvement of the strategy. Finally output SMI is structured based on stakeholder’s satisfaction and realization of product. The overall structure of this model is illustrated in Figure 1. To conduct this research, a functional analysis was performed to define the internal and external relationships and facilitate the implementation of the

system (QHSE-FS). The functional analysis is an approach that fully describes the functions of the system and their relationships that are systematically characterized, classified and evaluated. This approach is difficult because it must meet the expected theoretical requirements and also face reality, but this difficulty remains an asset since the purpose sought is an interpretative method for the functional analysis of the IMS. The difficulties with the functional analysis lie within the fact that it requires a modeling system (Zwingelstein, 1996).

A New Model of Integrated Management System The Qhse-Sa requirement of interested parties. The SMI process

Figure 1. Proposed integrated management system (IMS) model

Gilles ZWINGELSTEIN considers APTE

as

a

method

that

is

"adapted

to

the

organization

and

description of the functioning of the

organization"(Zwingelstein, 1996). This method takes

place on three stages

2000):

(Bertrand de La Bretesche,

Research and expression of need "horned

beast tool" The external functional analysis "diagram of

inter-actors" The internal functional analysis.

The APTE method is used to give an initial definition of IMS (QHSE-FS), for its purpose and its relationship with its environment. This system relies on the data of quality, health and safety, environment and food safety systems, to manage the objectives of each process in accordance with the organization's strategy. In the first step of the functionally analyze we must determine the key actors or stakeholders of our IMS. Each of the systems, i.e. QMS, OHSAS, EMS and FSMS, has its own stakeholders. For the sake of integration, the following potential actors (table 1) were selected, as they may act on our IMS.

A New Model of Integrated Management System The Qhse-Sa requirement of interested parties. The SMI process

Table 1. Definition of the interested parties of the IMS

The second step , we must define function and sub function and the relationship between them . The

following table sums up all the theoretical studies that justify our choice for the process.

A New Model of Integrated Management System The Qhse-Sa requirement of interested parties. The SMI process

Table 2: Summary of the processes used by the authors

Proceedings of Researchfora 8 th International Conference, Paris, France, 14 th -15 th June 2017

21

A New Model of Integrated Management System The Qhse-Sa

Each function we have determined his sub function on based of HSL structure and review literature, the figure following present the function and sub-function of the system.

CONCLUSION

A functional analysis is developed, using the APTE method, to describe the IMS process by giving an overview of the IMS entries through the identification of the requirements of the four management systems (QMS, EMS, OHS and FSMS) and integrate them into one single system to ultimately see its effectiveness by measuring the interested parties’ satisfaction (customer, supplier, employees, legitimate corporation). The integrated model is established based on the new principle of High-Level Structure (HLS) for the standardization of the future ISO standards of the management system. The

approach of HLS allows the organization to better meet the needs of stakeholders .This leads to good compatibility between standards; it also helps to integrate and implement them by certified organizations (see table 3). This model follows the approach process while integrating the PDCA cycle and a risk-based approach. It will encourage companies, especially in the field of food, to develop multiple management systems; it will also facilitate their distribution using only one system. The principal limitation of our research is in its theoretical nature. But, this theoretical part will be followed by an experimental phase, which is ongoing and where the proposed model will be tested by surveys to be carried out with the collaboration of some Algerian companies in general and particularly the region of Tlemcen city. Results will be evaluated and recommendations will be given to improve the implementation of different management systems.

A New Model of Integrated Management System The Qhse-Sa Each function we have determined his sub

Table 3: Cross references between ISO9001, ISO14001, OHSAS18001, ISO 22000 and the Proposed IMS

A New Model of Integrated Management System The Qhse-Sa

REFERENCE

[1]

Ahsen, A. Von, & Funck, D. (2001). Integrated Management

[2]

Systems — Opportunities and Risks for Corporate Environmental Protection. Corporate Environmental Strategy, 8(2), 165–176. Asif, M., Joost de Bruijn, E., Fisscher, O. A. M., & Searcy, C.

(2010).

Metamanagement

of

integration

of

management

systems.

The

TQM

Journal,

22(6),

570–582.

 

[3]

Badreddine, A., Romdhane, T. Ben, & Amor, N. Ben. (2009).

A

New

Process-Based

Approach

for

Implementing

an

Integrated

Management

System :

Quality

,

Security

,

Environment.

Proceedings

of

the

International

MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists, II,

18–20.

 

Retrieved

 

from

pp1742-1747.pdf

 

[4]

bechmeragen,

H.P.

Berg,

karapetrovic,

wilborn. (2003).

Integration of management systems: focus on safety in the

nuclear

industry.

Nternational

Journal

of

 

Quality

&

[5]

Reliability Management. Bernardo, M. (2014). Integration of management systems as

an innovation: A proposal

for

a

new

model. Journal of

Cleaner

 

Production, 82, 132–142.

 

[6]

Bernardo, M., & Casadesus, M. (2009). How integrated are environmental, quality and other standardized management

systems?

An

empirical

study.

Journal

of

Cleaner

….

Retrieved

 

from

8002813

 

[7]

Bertrand de La Bretesche. (2000). La méthode APTE analyse

[8]

de la valeur, analyse fonctionnelle (edition pe). Jorgensen, T., Remmen, A., & Mellado, M. (2006). Integrated management systems – three different levels of integration.

Journal

of

Cleaner

Production, 14, 713–722.

[9] Karapetrovic, S. (2002). Strategies for the integration of management systems and standards. The TQM Magazine, 14(1), 61–67. http://doi.org/10.1108/09544780210414254 [10] Olaru, M., Maier, D., Nicoară, D., & Maier, A. (2014). Establishing the basis for Development of an Organization by Adopting the Integrated Management Systems: Comparative

Study of Various Models and Concepts of Integration. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 109, 693–697.

[11]

Rebelo, M. F., Santos, G., & Silva, R. (2014a). A generic model for integration of Quality, Environment and Safety Management Systems. The TQM Journal, 26(2), 143–159.

[12] Rocha, M., Searcy, C., & Karapetrovic, S. (2007). Integrating Sustainable Development into Existing Management Systems. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 18(1–2), 83–92. http://doi.org/10.1080/14783360601051594 [13] Salomone, R. (2008). Integrated management systems:

experiences in Italian organizations. Journal of Cleaner

Production,

16(16), 1786–1806.

[14] Wilkinson, G., Dale, B. G., Karapetrovic, S., & Seghezzi, H. D. (2003). Integrated management systems: an examination of the concept and theory. The TQM Magazine, 11(2–3), 95– 104. http://doi.org/10.1080/0954412979677 [15] Willborn, S. K. W. (1998). The system ’ s view for clarification of quality. International Journal of Quality &

Reliability Management, 15(1), 99–120.

[16]

Zeng, S. X., Shi, J. J., & Lou, G. X. (2007). A synergetic

model for implementing an integrated management system:

an empirical study in China. Journal of Cleaner Production,

15(18),

1760–1767.

[17] Zwingelstein, G. (1996). la maintenance basee sur la fiabilite. Guide pratique d’application de la RCM. (hermes, Ed.).

