Sie sind auf Seite 1von 14

Western Mindanao State University

Baliwasan, Normal Road

Zamboanga City

“EFFECTIVE NUTRITION AMONG GRADE VI PUPILS IN


BALIWASAN CENTRAL SCHOOL”

A Research Paper

Presented to:

Florence Alcazar R.N.

In Partial Fulfillment

Of the Requirements

In Nursing Research

Proponents:

Abdasa, Arshima

Abdennasir, Sherhaifa
Abubakar, Mohammad Yusop D.

Aludino, Darleen

Ang, Rabia

Amsan, Mubin

Asdai, Chanlier

Baluca, Sceris

Batayen, Apple

Bayos, Garie Leo

BSN III P

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

A. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Nutrition is the process in which you consume food or nourishing liquids, digest

and absorb them and use them for health and growth. Better nutrition means stronger

immune systems, less illness and better health. Healthy children learn better. Healthy

people are stronger, are more productive and more able to create opportunities to
gradually break the cycles of both poverty and hunger in a sustainable way. Nutrition is

essential to the child’s health.

Good nutrition can put a stop to many health problems, including becoming

overweight, developing weak bones, and developing diabetes. Finding the child all the

foods that have all the important nutrients will help him grow to his complete potential.

A child’s body prospers on certain nutrients that work together to promote growth and

development.

But there are children who cannot afford to meet proper nutrition. Like the

children in public schools. They are more prone to poor nutrition. Because most of

them are not able to afford to buy nutritious food and are knowledge deficient on what is

proper nutrition. Baliwasan Central Elementary school is a public school where it

composed of 356 pupils enrolled and according to the teachers, most of them belongs

in poor family. And recent research shows that those who belong to poor family are the

ones who are more at risk to poor nutrition. So how about those Pupils who cannot

completely meet their basic needs in food nutrition? Will it greatly affect their

performance in school? However there are agencies that conduct special programs for

the proper nutition of the Pupils. Does it brings a great impact to the grade 6 pupils of

Baliwasan Central Elementary School?

B. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM


The study aims to determine the Effective Nutrition Among Grade VI pupils of

Baliwasan Central School.

Specifically this study attempts to answer the the problem questions;

1. What is the extent of the nutritional Status of the Grade VI pupil in Baliwasan
Central school?
2. What are the existing Nutritional practices of the grade VI pupil in Baliwasan
Central School?
3. What are the agencies that support the nutrition of grade VI pupil in Baliwasan
Central School?

C. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The goal of this study is to know the nutritional status of the Grade 6 children for

us to have a basis on how nutrition affects the school performances of the grade 6

pupils in Baliwasan Central Elementary School.

D. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study aims in having the effective nutrition be met for the grade VI student in
Baliwasan central school. Effective nutrition will enhance their capabilitites such as
physical, mental, and developmental status. The study can be a basis on how to
promote healthy lifestyle of the grade VI pupils.The family of the grade 6 pupils would
also realize the importance of proper nutrition and will be aware of the risk when their
child is not enjoying proper nutrition. It would also give benefits to the community by
conducting health teaching and implementing feeding program to the grade 6 pupils of
Baliwasan Central School. Feeding programs are rarely happens in all public schools
because they just depend on the budget of Department of Health (DOH) so it is a great
priviledge for the school and grade 6 pupils to experience this activity. .

E. SCOPE and DELIMITATION

This study will premise on the Following Delimitations:

The study will be limited to 2 sections of Grade 6 pupils of Baliwasan Central

Elementary School. Specifically the Grade VI-I which is composed of 44 pupils and

Grade VI-7 which composed of 46 pupils.

CHAPTER II

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

A. RELATED LITERATURE
All parents want their children to be healthy. As elementary grade 6 pupils go

through remarkable physical changes of all kinds, their food intake becomes a critical

aspect of this growth and development. Recent research shows that nourishing food not

only makes a child healthier, it makes him emotionally more stable, and it improves

school performance. Grade 6 pupils must be healthy and well-nourished in order to fully

participate in education and gain its maximum benefits. Early childhood care

programmes and primary schools which improve children’s health and nutrition can

enhance the learning and educational outcomes of school children.

But some grade 6 pupils do not get enough to eat each day because their

families lack money to buy sufficient food. Other grade 6 pupils consume enough food

but have diets high in fat, sugar, and sodium that put them at risk for obesity or heart

disease and other chronic illnesses. Iron deficiency is one of the most prevalent

nutritional problems of children. Iron deficiency and anemia lead to shortened attention

span, irritability, fatigue, and difficulty with concentration. Consequently, anemic children

tend to do poorly on vocabulary, reading, and other tests (Parker, 2005). Several

studies have found effects of hunger and poor nutrition on cognitive ability. One such

study found that among fourth grade students, those who had the least protein intake in

their diets had the lowest achievement scores (ASFSA, 2005). Children who are hungry

or undernourished also have more difficulty fighting infection. Therefore, they are more

likely to become sick, miss school, and fall behind in class. Poor health and malnutrition

are important underlying factors for low school enrollment, absenteeism, poor

classroom performance, and early school dropout, as reflected in the World Declaration

on Education for All.


B. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

NUTRITIONAL OPTIMUM
STATUS HEALTH

INDEPENDENT DEPENDENT

Figure 1

The conceptual framework is essential for every investigation to have theory to

base. The basis to this conceptual framework gives a structure and support to the

undertaking of the present investigation.

The framework illustrates that Nutritional Status among grade VI pupils is

identified by the researchers as independent variable. On the other hand, optimum

health is the dependent variable.

C. HYPOTHESIS

There are agencies that support the nutrition of the grade VI pupils. The

extent of nutrition of the grade VI pupils in Baliwasan Central school may vary

depending on the nutritional status of the grade 6 pupils of baliwasan central school.
D. OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS

• Nutrition- is the process in which you consume food or nourishing liquids,

digest and absorb them and use them for health and growth.

• Effective Nutrition- it is when the child is enjoying the full benefit of nutrtion.

• Optimum Health- It is when a Pupil is away from ilness and obtain the highest

level of welness.

• Nutritional Status- it is the condition/status of a child’s nutrtion.

• Better nutrition- is stronger immune system, less illness and better.

• Health- a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not

merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

• Money- is a basic needs to ensure nutrition.

• Disease- a disorder with recognizable signs and often having a known cause.

Chapter III
METHODOLOGY

A. RESEARCH DESIGN

The study will be a descriptive research, specifically the descriptive

survey type of research.

B. RESEARCH LOCALE

The research study will be in Baliwasan Central School Zamboanga

City.

C. RESEARCH RESPONDENTS

Grade VI-1 and Grade VI-7 of Baliwasan Central school.

D. SAMPLE AND SAMPLING DESIGN

The researchers will use non-probability sampling. The respondents for

the study are the 2 sections of Grade VI pupils of Baliwasan Central School
specifically the Grade VI-1 and Grade VI- 7. This will be a total of 90 pupils of grade

VI.

E. PLAN FOR DATA COLLECTION

A letter of permission will be forwarded to the school division superintendent,

zamboanga division. The members will be task to interview respondents in a form of

a guide questionnaire. This will be obtaining data. The researchers will inroduce

themselves to the respondents will be solicited to answer the questionnaire and kept

as confidencial.

Questionnaire will be provided to the respondents, so that they will be guided in

answering the questionnaire. Solicit the suggestion, opinions, comments and

evaluate. The researcher will express gratitude for the respondents time and

cooperation.

F. RESEARCH INSTRUMENT

Guided Questionnaire, checklist, and evaluation list will be used for data

collection. Part I is the respondents profile that includes the name, age, gender,

grade & section. Name of the respondents willbe optional to assure confidentiality.
Part II is the checklist which provide the general health status of the pupils giving

importance to the effect of proper nutrition. Question is answerable by yes or no.

Part III is the evaluatuion sheet provides the general academic performances of the

selected pupils in the classroom.

G. PLAN FOR DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

This is a qualitative study on the effective nutrition of Grade VI in Baliwasan

Central School. Responses referring to the questionaire given to the respondents

will be analyze and be presented in a statement form.


RESEARCH INSTRUMENT

Part I

Name:___________________________________________ Age:____

Grade&section:______________________ Sex:____
I-GUIDED QUESTIONAIRE

1. Do you eat your meal before you go to school?

2. How often do you eat vegetables?

3. What is your favorite food?

4. What kind of food do you always eat?

5. Does your mother prepare your daily food?

6. Do you always come late to school?


Why?

7. Do you always commit absences?


Why?

Interview Guide

Part II: Checklist YES or NO

YES NO
1. Do you experience difficulty in school?
2. Do yo always go to school?
3. Do you play a lot?
4. Do you always make your assignments?
5. Do you always pass when ever there is quizez?
6. Do you eat 3 times a day?
7. Do you eat vegetables such as pechay, cabbage, squash

etc.?
8. Do you always eat junkfoods?
9. Do you take vitamins and other food supliments?
10. Do you have a regular study habit?
Part III

Average grade in class: