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VB Script For QTP 1

VB Script
For
QTP
VB Script For QTP 2

VB Script Comments

Comments

The comment argument is the text of any comment we want to include.

Purpose of comments:

o We can use comments for making the script understandable.


o We can use comments for making one or more statements disable from
execution.

Syntax

Rem comment (After the Rem keyword, a space is required before comment.)
Or
Apostrophe (') symbol before the comment

Comment/Uncomment a block of statements

o Select block of statement and use short cut key Ctrl + M (for comment)
o Select comment block and use short cut key Ctrl + Shift + M (for uncomment)
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VB Script Variables
Definition 1):
Variable is a named memory location for storing program information
Definition 2):
A variable is a convenient placeholder that refers to a computer memory location
where we can store program information that may change during the time our
script is running.
Purpose of Variable:

a) Comparing values

Example:
Dim x,y,a
x=100
y=100
a=x=y
Msgbox a 'It returns True

b) Holding Program Result

Example:
Cost=Tickets*Price

c) Passing parameters

d) To store data that returned by functions


Example:
myDate=Now ‘ It returns current data & time

e) To hold data
Example:
myName=”gcreddy”

Declaring Variables

We declare variables explicitly in our script using the Dim statement, the Public
statement, and the Private statement.

For example:

Dim city
Dim x

We declare multiple variables by separating each variable name with a comma.


For
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Example:

Dim x, y, city, gcreddy

We can also declare a variable implicitly by simply using its name in our script.
That is not generally a good practice because we could misspell the variable
name in one or more places, causing unexpected results when our script is run.
For that reason, the Option Explicit statement is available to require explicit
declaration of all variables.

The Option Explicit statement should be the first statement in our script.

Option Explicit Statement

Forces explicit declaration of all variables in a script.

Option Explicit ' Force explicit variable declaration.


Dim MyVar ' Declare variable.
MyInt = 10 ' Undeclared variable generates error.
MyVar = 10 ' Declared variable does not generate error.
Naming Restrictions for Variables

Variable names follow the standard rules for naming anything in VBScript. A
variable name:

a) Must begin with an alphabetic character.


Dim abc 'Right
Dim 9ab 'Wrong
Dim ab9 'Right

b) Cannot contain an embedded period.


Dim abc 'Right
Dim ab.c 'worng
Dim ab-c 'wrong
Dim ab c 'wrong
Dim ab_c 'Right

c) Must not exceed 255 characters.

d) Must be unique in the scope in which it is declared.

Scope of Variables

A variable's scope is determined by where we declare it.

When we declare a variable within a procedure, only code within that procedure
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can access or change the value of that variable.

If we declare a variable outside a procedure, we make it recognizable to all the


procedures in our script. This is a script-level variable, and it has script-level
scope.
Example:
Dim x,y,z
x=10
y=20
z=x+y
msgbox z 'Returns 30
Function res
Dim a,b,c
a=30
b=40
c=a+b+y
msgbox c ' Returns 90
End Function
Call res

Life Time of Variables

The lifetime of a variable depends on how long it exists.

The lifetime of a script-level variable extends from the time it is declared until the
time the script is finished running.

At procedure level, a variable exists only as long as you are in the procedure.
Assigning Values to Variables

Values are assigned to variables creating an expression as follows:

The variable is on the left side of the expression and the value you want to
assign to the variable is on the right.

For example:
A = 200
City = “Hyderabad”

X=100: Y=200
Scalar Variables and Array Variables

A variable containing a single value is a scalar variable.

A variable containing a series of values, is called an array variable.


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Array variables and scalar variables are declared in the same way, except that
the declaration of an array variable uses parentheses () following the variable
name.

Example:
Dim A(3)

Although the number shown in the parentheses is 3, all arrays in VBScript are
zero-based, so this array actually contains 4 elements.

We assign data to each of the elements of the array using an index into the
array.
Beginning at zero and ending at 4, data can be assigned to the elements of an
array as follows:

A(0) = 256
A(1) = 324
A(2) = 100
A(3) = 55

Similarly, the data can be retrieved from any element using an index into the
particular array element you want.

For example:

SomeVariable = A(4)

Arrays aren't limited to a single dimension. We can have as many as 60


dimensions, although most people can't comprehend more than three or four
dimensions.

In the following example, the MyTable variable is a two-dimensional array


consisting of 6 rows and 11 columns:

Dim MyTable(5, 10)

In a two-dimensional array, the first number is always the number of rows; the
second number is the number of columns.
Dynamic Arrays

We can also declare an array whose size changes during the time our script is
running. This is called a dynamic array.

The array is initially declared within a procedure using either the Dim statement
or using the ReDim statement.
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However, for a dynamic array, no size or number of dimensions is placed inside


the parentheses.

For example:
Dim MyArray()
ReDim AnotherArray()

To use a dynamic array, you must subsequently use ReDim to determine the
number of dimensions and the size of each dimension.

In the following example, ReDim sets the initial size of the dynamic array to 25. A
subsequent ReDim statement resizes the array to 30, but uses the Preserve
keyword to preserve the contents of the array as the resizing takes place.

ReDim MyArray(25)

ReDim Preserve MyArray(30)

There is no limit to the number of times we can resize a dynamic array, although
if we make an array smaller, we lose the data in the elimina
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VB Script Data Types

VBScript has only one data type called a Variant. A Variant is a special kind of
data type that can contain different kinds of information, depending on how it is
used. Because Variant is the only data type in VBScript, it is also the data type
returned by all functions in VBScript.

Variant Subtypes

Beyond the simple numeric or string classifications, a Variant can make further
distinctions about the specific nature of numeric information. For example, we
can have numeric information that represents a date or a time. When used with
other date or time data, the result is always expressed as a date or a time. We
can also have a rich variety of numeric information ranging in size from Boolean
values to huge floating-point numbers. These different categories of information
that can be contained in a Variant are called subtypes. Most of the time, we can
just put the kind of data we want in a Variant, and the Variant behaves in a way
that is most appropriate for the data it contains.
The following table shows subtypes of data that a Variant can contain.
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VB Script Operators

Operators are used for performing mathematical, comparison and logical


operations.
VB Script has a full range of operators, including arithmetic operators,
comparison operators, concatenation operators, and logical operators.

Operator Precedence

When several operations occur in an expression, each part is evaluated and


resolved in a predetermined order called operator precedence.

We can use parentheses to override the order of precedence and force some
parts of an expression to be evaluated before others.

Operations within parentheses are always performed before those outside.


Within parentheses, however, standard operator precedence is maintained.

When expressions contain operators from more than one category, arithmetic
operators are evaluated first, comparison operators are evaluated next, and
logical operators are evaluated last.

Comparison operators all have equal precedence; that is, they are evaluated in
the left-to-right order in which they appear.

Arithmetic and logical operators are evaluated in the following order of


precedence.

1) Arithmetic Operators:

Operator Description
1) Exponentiation Operator (^) Raises a number to the power of an exponent

2) Multiplication Operator (*) Multiplies two numbers.

3) Division Operator (/) Divides two numbers and returns a floating-point


result.

4) Integer Division Operator (\) Divides two numbers and returns an integer
result.

5) Mod Operator Divides two numbers and returns only the remainder.

6) Addition Operator (+) Sums two numbers.


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7) Subtraction Operator (-) Finds the difference between two numbers or


indicates the negative value of a numeric expression.

8) Concatenation Operator (&) Forces string concatenation of two expressions.

Example:

Dim a,b,c
a=10
b=3
c=a^b
msgbox c '1000

c=a*b
msgbox c '30

c=a/b
msgbox c '3.33333333

c=a\b
msgbox c '3

c=a mod b
msgbox c '1

c=a-b
msgbox c '7

Dim a,b,c
a=10
b=2
c=3
d=c*a^b
'c=a+b
msgbox d '1000

Addition (+) operator

Dim a,b,c
a=10
b=2
c=a+b
msgbox c '12 (if both are numeric, then it adds)

a="10"
b=2
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c=a+b
msgbox c '12 (one is string another numeric, then it adds)

a="10"
b="2"
c=a+b
msgbox c '102 (if both are strings, then it concatenates)

a="hydera"
b="bad"
c=a+b
msgbox c 'hyderabad

a="gagan"
b=2
c=a+b
msgbox c 'error

Concatenation Operator

Dim a,b,c
a=10
b=2
c=a&b
msgbox c '102

a="10"
b=2
c=a&b
msgbox c '102

a="10"
b="2"
c=a&b
msgbox c '102

a="hydera"
b="bad"
c=a&b
msgbox c '102

2) Comparison Operators

Used to compare expressions.

Operator Description
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1) = (Equal to) Used to compare expressions.


2) <> (Not equal to) Used to compare expressions.
3) < Less than 4) > Grater than
5) <= Less than or equal to 6) >= Greater than or equal to
7) Is Object equivalence

3) Concatenation Operators

Operator Description
1) Addition Operator (+)

Sums two numbers


If Then
1) Both expressions are numeric Add.
2) Both expressions are strings Concatenate.
3) One expression is numeric and the other is a string Add.

2) Concatenation Operator (&) Forces string concatenation of two expressions.

4) Logical Operators

Operator Description Syntax


1) Not Performs logical negation on an expression result= Not expression
2) And Performs a logical conjunction on two expressions. result= expression1
And expression2
3) Or Performs a logical disjunction on two expressions. result= expression1 Or
expression2
4) Xor Performs a logical exclusion on two expressions. result= expression1 Xor
expression2
5) Eqv Performs a logical equivalence on two expressions. result= expression1
Eqv expression2

6) Imp Performs a logical implication on two expressions. result= expression1


Imp expression2
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Input and Out Put Operations

InputBox Function

Displays a prompt in a dialog box, waits for the user to input text or click a button,
and returns the contents of the text box.

Example:
Dim Input
Input = InputBox("Enter your name")
MsgBox ("You entered: " & Input)

MsgBox Function

Displays a message in a dialog box, waits for the user to click a button, and
returns a value indicating which button the user clicked.

Example:
Dim MyVar
MyVar = MsgBox ("Hello World!", 65, "MsgBox Example")
MyVar contains either 1 or 2, depending on which button is clicked.
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VB Script Constants

A constant is a meaningful name that takes the place of a number or string and
never changes.

Creating Constants
We create user-defined constants in VBScript using the Const statement. Using
the Const statement, we can create string or numeric constants with meaningful
names and assign them literal values.

Const statement

Declares constants for use in place of literal values.

Example:

Const MyString = "This is my string."


Const MyAge = 49
Const CutoffDate = #6-1-97#

Note that String literal is enclosed in quotation marks (" ").


Represent Date literals and time literals by enclosing them in number signs (#).
We declare multiple constants by separating each constant name and value with
a comma. For example:
Const price= 100, city= “Hyderabad”, x= 27
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Conditional Statements

Flow Control (Conditional Statements)

We can control the flow of our script with conditional statements and looping
statements.

Using conditional statements, we can write VBScript code that makes decisions
and repeats actions. The following conditional statements are available in
VBScript:

1) If…Then…Else Statement
2) Select Case Statement

Making Decisions Using If...Then...Else

The If...Then...Else statement is used to evaluate whether a condition is True or


False and, depending on the result, to specify one or more statements to run.

Usually the condition is an expression that uses a comparison operator to


compare one value or variable with another.

If...Then...Else statements can be nested to as many levels as you need.

1) Running a Statement if a Condition is True (single statement)

To run only one statement when a condition is True, use the single-line syntax for
the If...Then...Else statement.

Dim myDate
myDate = #2/13/98#
If myDate < Now Then myDate = Now

2) Running Statements if a Condition is True (multiple statements)


To run more than one line of code, we must use the multiple-line (or block)
syntax. This syntax includes the End If statement.

Dim x
x= 20
If x>10 Then

msgbox "x value is: "&x


msgbox "Bye Bye"
End If
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3) Running Certain Statements if a Condition is True and Running Others if


a Condition is False

We can use an If...Then...Else statement to define two blocks of executable


statements: one block to run if the condition is True, the other block to run if the
condition is False.

Example:

Dim x
x= Inputbox (" Enter a value")
If x>100 Then
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "X is a Big Number"
Msgbox "X value is: "&X
Else
Msgbox "GCR"
Msgbox "X is a Small Number"
Msgbox "X value is: "&X
End If

4) Deciding Between Several Alternatives

A variation on the If...Then...Else statement allows us to choose from several


alternatives. Adding ElseIf clauses expands the functionality of the
If...Then...Else statement so we can control program flow based on different
possibilities.

Example:
Dim x
x= Inputbox (" Enter a value")

If x>0 and x<=100 Then


Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "X is a Small Number"
Msgbox "X value is "&x

Else IF x>100 and x<=500 Then


Msgbox "Hello GCR"
Msgbox "X is a Medium Number"

Else IF x>500 and x<=1000 Then


Msgbox "Hello Chandra Mohan Reddy"
Msgbox "X is a Large Number"

Else
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Msgbox "Hello Sir"


Msgbox "X is a Grand Number"
End If
End If
End If

5) Executing a certain block of statements when two / more conditions are


True (Nested If...)

Example:

Dim State, Region


State=Inputbox ("Enter a State")
Region=Inputbox ("Enter a Region")

If state= "AP" Then


If Region= "Telangana" Then
msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
msgbox "Dist count is 10"

Else if Region= "Rayalasema" Then


msgbox "Hello GCR"
msgbox "Dist count is 4"

Else If Region= "Costal" Then


msgbox "Hello Chandra mohan Reddy"
msgbox "Dist count is 9"

End If
End If
End If
End If

Making Decisions with Select Case

The Select Case structure provides an alternative to If...Then...ElseIf for


selectively executing one block of statements from among multiple blocks of
statements. A Select Case statement provides capability similar to the
If...Then...Else statement, but it makes code more efficient and readable.
Example:

Option explicit
Dim x,y, Operation, Result
x= Inputbox (" Enter x value")
y= Inputbox ("Enter y value")
Operation= Inputbox ("Enter an Operation")
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Select Case Operation

Case "add"
Result= cdbl (x)+cdbl (y)
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "Addition of x,y values is "&Result

Case "sub"
Result= x-y
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "Substraction of x,y values is "&Result

Case "mul"
Result= x*y
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "Multiplication of x,y values is "&Result

Case "div"
Result= x/y
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "Division of x,y values is "&Result

Case "mod"
Result= x mod y
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "Mod of x,y values is "&Result

Case "expo"
Result= x^y
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox"Exponentation of x,y values is "&Result

Case Else
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
msgbox "Wrong Operation"

End Select
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VB Script Constants

A constant is a meaningful name that takes the place of a number or string and
never changes.

Creating Constants
We create user-defined constants in VBScript using the Const statement. Using
the Const statement, we can create string or numeric constants with meaningful
names and assign them literal values.

Const statement

Declares constants for use in place of literal values.

Example:

Const MyString = "This is my string."


Const MyAge = 49
Const CutoffDate = #6-1-97#

Note that String literal is enclosed in quotation marks (" ").


Represent Date literals and time literals by enclosing them in number signs (#).
We declare multiple constants by separating each constant name and value with
a comma. For example:
Const price= 100, city= “Hyderabad”, x= 27
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Conditional Statements

Flow Control (Conditional Statements)

We can control the flow of our script with conditional statements and looping
statements.

Using conditional statements, we can write VBScript code that makes decisions
and repeats actions. The following conditional statements are available in
VBScript:

1) If…Then…Else Statement
2) Select Case Statement

Making Decisions Using If...Then...Else

The If...Then...Else statement is used to evaluate whether a condition is True or


False and, depending on the result, to specify one or more statements to run.

Usually the condition is an expression that uses a comparison operator to


compare one value or variable with another.

If...Then...Else statements can be nested to as many levels as you need.

1) Running a Statement if a Condition is True (single statement)

To run only one statement when a condition is True, use the single-line syntax for
the If...Then...Else statement.

Dim myDate
myDate = #2/13/98#
If myDate < Now Then myDate = Now

2) Running Statements if a Condition is True (multiple statements)


To run more than one line of code, we must use the multiple-line (or block)
syntax. This syntax includes the End If statement.

Dim x
x= 20
If x>10 Then

msgbox "x value is: "&x


msgbox "Bye Bye"
End If
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3) Running Certain Statements if a Condition is True and Running Others if


a Condition is False

We can use an If...Then...Else statement to define two blocks of executable


statements: one block to run if the condition is True, the other block to run if the
condition is False.

Example:

Dim x
x= Inputbox (" Enter a value")
If x>100 Then
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "X is a Big Number"
Msgbox "X value is: "&X
Else
Msgbox "GCR"
Msgbox "X is a Small Number"
Msgbox "X value is: "&X
End If

4) Deciding Between Several Alternatives

A variation on the If...Then...Else statement allows us to choose from several


alternatives. Adding ElseIf clauses expands the functionality of the
If...Then...Else statement so we can control program flow based on different
possibilities.

Example:
Dim x
x= Inputbox (" Enter a value")

If x>0 and x<=100 Then


Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "X is a Small Number"
Msgbox "X value is "&x

Else IF x>100 and x<=500 Then


Msgbox "Hello GCR"
Msgbox "X is a Medium Number"

Else IF x>500 and x<=1000 Then


Msgbox "Hello Chandra Mohan Reddy"
Msgbox "X is a Large Number"

Else
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Msgbox "Hello Sir"


Msgbox "X is a Grand Number"
End If
End If
End If

5) Executing a certain block of statements when two / more conditions are


True (Nested If...)

Example:

Dim State, Region


State=Inputbox ("Enter a State")
Region=Inputbox ("Enter a Region")

If state= "AP" Then


If Region= "Telangana" Then
msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
msgbox "Dist count is 10"

Else if Region= "Rayalasema" Then


msgbox "Hello GCR"
msgbox "Dist count is 4"

Else If Region= "Costal" Then


msgbox "Hello Chandra mohan Reddy"
msgbox "Dist count is 9"

End If
End If
End If
End If

Making Decisions with Select Case

The Select Case structure provides an alternative to If...Then...ElseIf for


selectively executing one block of statements from among multiple blocks of
statements. A Select Case statement provides capability similar to the
If...Then...Else statement, but it makes code more efficient and readable.
Example:

Option explicit
Dim x,y, Operation, Result
x= Inputbox (" Enter x value")
y= Inputbox ("Enter y value")
Operation= Inputbox ("Enter an Operation")
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Select Case Operation

Case "add"
Result= cdbl (x)+cdbl (y)
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "Addition of x,y values is "&Result

Case "sub"
Result= x-y
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "Substraction of x,y values is "&Result

Case "mul"
Result= x*y
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "Multiplication of x,y values is "&Result

Case "div"
Result= x/y
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "Division of x,y values is "&Result

Case "mod"
Result= x mod y
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "Mod of x,y values is "&Result

Case "expo"
Result= x^y
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox"Exponentation of x,y values is "&Result

Case Else
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
msgbox "Wrong Operation"

End Select
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Looping Through Code

Flow Control (Loop Statements)

o Looping allows us to run a group of statements repeatedly.


o Some loops repeat statements until a condition is False;
o Others repeat statements until a condition is True.
o There are also loops that repeat statements a specific number of times.
The following looping statements are available in VBScript:
o Do...Loop: Loops while or until a condition is True.
o While...Wend: Loops while a condition is True.
o For...Next: Uses a counter to run statements a specified number of times.
o For Each...Next: Repeats a group of statements for each item in a collection or
each element of an array.

1) Using Do Loops

We can use Do...Loop statements to run a block of statements an indefinite


number of times.

The statements are repeated either while a condition is True or until a condition
becomes True.

a) Repeating Statements While a Condition is True

Repeats a block of statements while a condition is True or until a condition


becomes True

i) Do While condition
Statements
-----------
-----------
Loop
Or, we can use this below syntax:

Example:

Dim x
Do While x<5 x=x+1
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "Hello QTP"
Loop

ii) Do
Statements
-----------
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-----------
Loop While condition

Example:

Dim x
x=1
Do
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "Hello QTP"
x=x+1
Loop While x<5

b) Repeating a Statement Until a Condition Becomes True

iii) Do Until condition


Statements
-----------
-----------
Loop
Or, we can use this below syntax:
Example:

Dim x
Do Until x=5 x=x+1
Msgbox "G.C.Reddy"
Msgbox "Hello QTP"
Loop

Or, we can use this below syntax:

iv) Do
Statements
-----------
-----------
Loop Until condition
Or, we can use this below syntax:

Example:

Dim x
x=1
Do
Msgbox “Hello G.C.Reddy”
Msgbox "Hello QTP"
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x=x+1
Loop Until x=5

2 While...Wend Statement

Executes a series of statements as long as a given condition is True.

Syntax:
While condition
Statements
-----------
-----------
Wend

Example:

Dim x
x=0
While x<5 x=x+1
msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
msgbox "Hello QTP"
Wend

3) For...Next Statement

Repeats a group of statements a specified number of times.


Syntax:
For counter = start to end [Step step]
statements
Next

Example:
Dim x
For x= 1 to 5 step 1
Msgbox "Hello G.C.Reddy"
Next

4) For Each...Next Statement

Repeats a group of statements for each element in an array or collection.

Syntax:

For Each item In array


Statements
Next
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Example: (1

Dim a,b,x (3)


a=20
b=30
x(0)= "Addition is "& a+b
x(1)="Substraction is " & a-b
x(2)= "Multiplication is " & a*b
x(3)= "Division is " & a/b

For Each element In x


msgbox element
Next

Example: (2

MyArray = Array("one","two","three","four","five")
For Each element In MyArray
msgbox element
Next
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VB Script Procedures

User Defined Functions

In VBScript, there are two kinds of procedures available; the Sub procedure and
the Function procedure.

1) Sub Procedures

A Sub procedure is a series of VBScript statements (enclosed by Sub and End


Sub statements) that perform actions but don't return a value.

A Sub procedure can take arguments (constants, variables, or expressions that


are passed by a calling procedure).

If a Sub procedure has no arguments, its Sub statement must include an empty
set of parentheses ().

Syntax:
Sub Procedure name ()
Statements
-----------
-----------
End Sub
Or
Sub Procedure name (argument1, argument2)
Statements
-----------
-----------
End Sub

Example: 1

Sub ConvertTemp()
temp = InputBox("Please enter the temperature in degrees F.", 1)
MsgBox "The temperature is " & Celsius(temp) & " degrees C."
End Sub

Example: 2

2) Function Procedures

A Function procedure is a series of VBScript statements enclosed by the


Function and End Function statements.
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A Function procedure is similar to a Sub procedure, but can also return a value.

A Function procedure can take arguments (constants, variables, or expressions


that are passed to it by a calling procedure).

If a Function procedure has no arguments, its Function statement must include


an empty set of parentheses.

A Function returns a value by assigning a value to its name in one or more


statements of the procedure. The return type of a Function is always a Variant.
Syntax:
Function Procedure name ()
Statements
-----------
-----------
End Function
Or
Function Procedure name (argument1, argument2)
Statements
-----------
-----------
End Function

Example: 1

Function Celsius(fDegrees)
Celsius = (fDegrees - 32) * 5 / 9
End Function

Example: 2

Function cal(a,b,c)
cal = (a+b+c)
End Function

3) Getting Data into and out of Procedures

o Each piece of data is passed into our procedures using an argument.


o Arguments serve as placeholders for the data we want to pass into our
procedure. We can name our arguments any valid variable name.
o When we create a procedure using either the Sub statement or the Function
statement, parentheses must be included after the name of the procedure.
o Any arguments are placed inside these parentheses, separated by commas.

4) Using Sub and Function Procedures in Code


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A Function in our code must always be used on the right side of a variable
assignment or in an expression.

For example:
Temp = Celsius(fDegrees)
-Or-
MsgBox "The Celsius temperature is " & Celsius(fDegrees) & " degrees."

To call a Sub procedure from another procedure, type the name of the procedure
along with values for any required arguments, each separated by a comma.

The Call statement is not required, but if you do use it, you must enclose any
arguments in parentheses.

The following example shows two calls to the MyProc procedure. One uses the
Call statement in the code; the other doesn't. Both do exactly the same thing.

Call MyProc(firstarg, secondarg)

MyProc firstarg, secondarg

Notice that the parentheses are omitted in the call when the Call statement isn't
used.

5) Examples:

(here, I used Flight Reservation Application for creating Functions, why because,
It is the default application for QTP, anybody can practice easily...G C Reddy)

'*******************************************
' Login Operation
'*******************************************
Function Login(Agent,Pwd)
SystemUtil.Run "C:\Program Files\HP\QuickTest
Professional\samples\flight\app\flight4a.exe"
Dialog("Login").Activate
Dialog("Login").WinEdit("Agent Name:").Set Agent
Dialog("Login").WinEdit("Password:").Set Pwd
Dialog("Login").WinButton("OK").Click

If Window("Flight Reservation").Exist(10) Then


Login="Login Operation Sucessful"
'Msgbox Login
else
Login="Login Operation Unsucessful"
Dialog("Login").Dialog("Flight Reservations").WinButton("OK").Click
VB Script For QTP 31

Dialog("Login").WinButton("Cancel").Click
'Msgbox Login
End If
End Function

'***************************************
' Closing Application
'***************************************
Function Close_App()
if Window("Flight Reservation").Exist(3) Then
Window("Flight Reservation").Close
End If
End Function

'***************************************
' Open Order
'***************************************
Function Open_Order(ord)
ordnum=0
On Error Resume Next
Window("Flight Reservation").Activate
Window("Flight Reservation").WinButton("Button").Click
Window("Flight Reservation").Dialog("Open Order").WinCheckBox("Order
No.").Set "ON"
Window("Flight Reservation").Dialog("Open Order").WinEdit("Edit").Set ord
Window("Flight Reservation").Dialog("Open Order").WinButton("OK").Click
ordnum=Window("Flight Reservation").WinEdit("Order No:").GetROProperty
("text")
ordnum=cdbl (ordnum)
If ord=ordnum Then
Open_Order= "Order Number "&ordnum&" Opened Sucuessfully"
'Msgbox Open_Order
else
Open_Order= "Order Number "&ordnum&" Not Opened/ Not Available"
Window("Flight Reservation").Dialog("Open Order").Dialog("Flight
Reservations").WinButton("OK").Click
Window("Flight Reservation").Dialog("Open Order").WinButton("Cancel").Click
'Msgbox Open_Order
End If
End Function

'******************************************
' Update Order
'******************************************
Function Update_Order(Tickets)
Window("Flight Reservation").Activate
VB Script For QTP 32

Window("Flight Reservation").WinEdit("Tickets:").Set Tickets


Window("Flight Reservation").WinButton("Update Order").Click
wait(10)
update=Window("Flight Reservation").ActiveX("Threed Panel
Control").GetROProperty ("text")
If update="Update Done..." Then
Update_Order= "Order Updated Sucussfully"
'Msgbox Update_Order
Else
Window("Flight Reservation").Dialog("Flight
Reservations").WinButton("OK").Click
Update_Order= "Order Not Updated"
'Msgbox Update_Order
End If
End Function

'******************************************
' Function to send a mail
'******************************************
Function SendMail(SendTo, Subject, Body, Attachment)
Set otl=CreateObject("Outlook.Application")
Set m=otl.CreateItem(0)
m.to=SendTo
m.Subject=Subject
m.Body=Body
If (Attachment <> "") Then
Mail.Attachments.Add(Attachment)
End If
m.Send
otl.Quit
Set m = Nothing
Set otl = Nothing
End Function

Call SendMail("gcreddy@gcreddy.com","hi","This is test mail for testing","")


VB Script For QTP 33

VB Script Errors

Generally Errors in VB Script are 2 Types

1) VB Script Run-time Errors

VB Script run-time errors are errors that result when your VBScript script
attempts to perform an action that the system cannot execute. VBScript run-time
errors occur while your script is being executed; when variable expressions are
being evaluated, and memory is being dynamic allocated.

Error Number Description:

429 ActiveX component can't create object


507 An exception occurred
449 Argument not optional
17 Can't perform requested operation
430 Class doesn't support Automation
506 Class not defined
11 Division by zero
48 Error in loading DLL
5020 Expected ')' in regular expression
5019 Expected ']' in regular expression
432 File name or class name not found during Automation operation
92 For loop not initialized
5008 Illegal assignment
51 Internal error
505 Invalid or unqualified reference
481 Invalid picture
5 Invalid procedure call or argument
5021 Invalid range in character set
94 Invalid use of Null
448 Named argument not found
447 Object doesn't support current locale setting
445 Object doesn't support this action
438 Object doesn't support this property or method
451 Object not a collection
504 Object not safe for creating
503 Object not safe for initializing
502 Object not safe for scripting
424 Object required
91 Object variable not set
7 Out of Memory
28 Out of stack space
14 Out of string space
6 Overflow
VB Script For QTP 34

35 Sub or function not defined


9 Subscript out of range
5017 Syntax error in regular expression
462 The remote server machine does not exist or is unavailable
10 This array is fixed or temporarily locked
13 Type mismatch
5018 Unexpected quantifier
500 Variable is undefined
458 Variable uses an Automation type not supported in VBScript
450 Wrong number of arguments or invalid property assignment

2) VB Script Syntax Errors

VBScript syntax errors are errors that result when the structure of one of your
VBScript statements violates one or more of the grammatical rules of the
VBScript scripting language. VBScript syntax errors occur during the program
compilation stage, before the program has begun to be executed.

Error Number Description:

1052 Cannot have multiple default property/method in a Class


1044 Cannot use parentheses when calling a Sub
1053 Class initialize or terminate do not have arguments
1058 'Default' specification can only be on Property Get
1057 'Default' specification must also specify 'Public'
1005 Expected '('
1006 Expected ')'
1011 Expected '='
1021 Expected 'Case'
1047 Expected 'Class'
1025 Expected end of statement
1014 Expected 'End'
1023 Expected expression
1015 Expected 'Function'
1010 Expected identifier
1012 Expected 'If'
1046 Expected 'In'
1026 Expected integer constant
1049 Expected Let or Set or Get in property declaration
1045 Expected literal constant
1019 Expected 'Loop'
1020 Expected 'Next'
1050 Expected 'Property'
1022 Expected 'Select'
1024 Expected statement
1016 Expected 'Sub'
VB Script For QTP 35

1017 Expected 'Then'


1013 Expected 'To'
1018 Expected 'Wend'
1027 Expected 'While' or 'Until'
1028 Expected 'While,' 'Until,' or end of statement
1029 Expected 'With'
1030 Identifier too long
1014 Invalid character
1039 Invalid 'exit' statement
1040 Invalid 'for' loop control variable
1013 Invalid number
1037 Invalid use of 'Me' keyword
1038 'loop' without 'do'
1048 Must be defined inside a Class
1042 Must be first statement on the line
1041 Name redefined
1051 Number of arguments must be consistent across properties specification
1001 Out of Memory
1054 Property Set or Let must have at least one argument
1002 Syntax error
1055 Unexpected 'Next'
1015 Unterminated string constant
VB Script For QTP 36

VB Script Functions

Built-In Functions of VB Script

o Conversions (25)

o Dates/Times (19)

o Formatting Strings (4)

o Input/Output (3)

o Math (9)

o Miscellaneous (3)

o Rounding (5)

o Strings (30)

o Variants (8)

Important Functions

1) Abs Function
Returns the absolute value of a number.

Dim num
num=abs(-50.33)
msgbox num

2) Array Function
Returns a variant containing an Array

Dim A
A=Array("hyderabad","chennai","mumbai")
msgbox A(0)
ReDim A(5)
A(4)="nellore"
msgbox A(4)

3) Asc Function
Returns the ANSI character code corresponding to the first letter in a string.
VB Script For QTP 37

Dim num
num=Asc("A")
msgbox num
* It returns the value 65 *

4) Chr Function
Returns the character associated with the specified ANSI character code.

Dim char
Char=Chr(65)
msgbox char
* It returns A *

5) CInt Function
Returns an expression that has been converted to a Variant of subtype Integer.

Dim num
num=123.45
myInt=CInt(num)
msgbox MyInt

6) Date Function
Returns the Current System Date.

Dim mydate
mydate=Date
msgbox mydate

7) Day Function
Ex1) Dim myday
myday=Day("17,December,2009")
msgbox myday

Ex2) Dim myday


mydate=date
myday=Day(Mydate)
msgbox myday

8) DateDiff Function
Returns the number of intervals between two dates.

Dim myday
mydate=#02-17-2009#
x=Datediff("d",mydate,Now)
msgbox x
VB Script For QTP 38

9) Hour Function
Returns a whole number between 0 and 23, inclusive, representing the hour of
the day.

Dim mytime, Myhour


mytime=Now
myhour=hour (mytime)
msgbox myhour

10) Join Function


Returns a string created by joining a number of substrings contained in an array.

Dim mystring, myarray(3)


myarray(0)="Chandra "
myarray(1)="Mohan "
myarray(2)="Reddy"
mystring=Join(MyArray)
msgbox mystring

11) Eval Function

Evaluates an expression and returns the result.

12) Time Function


Returns a Variant of subtype Date indicating the current system time.

Dim mytime
mytime=Time
msgbox mytime

13) VarType Function


Returns a value indicating the subtype of a variable.

Dim MyCheck
MyCheck = VarType(300) ' Returns 2.
Msgbox Mycheck
MyCheck = VarType(#10/19/62#) ' Returns 7.
Msgbox Mycheck
MyCheck = VarType("VBScript") ' Returns 8.
Msgbox Mycheck

14) Left Function


Dim MyString, LeftString
MyString = "VBSCript"
LeftString = Left(MyString, 3) ' LeftString contains "VBS".
VB Script For QTP 39

14) Right Function


Dim AnyString, MyStr
AnyString = "Hello World" ' Define string.
MyStr = Right(AnyString, 1) ' Returns "d".
MyStr = Right(AnyString, 6) ' Returns " World".
MyStr = Right(AnyString, 20) ' Returns "Hello World".

15) Len Function


Returns the number of characters in a string or the number of bytes required to
store a variable.

Ex 1):
Dim Mystring
mystring=Len("G.C.Reddy")
msgbox mystring

Ex 2):
Dim Mystring
Mystring=Inputbox("Enter a Value")
Mystring=Len(Mystring)
Msgbox Mystring

16) Mid Function


Returns a specified number of characters from a string.

Dim MyVar
MyVar = Mid("VB Script is fun!", 4, 6)
Msgbox MyVar
* It Returns ‘Script’ *

17) Timer Function


Returns the number of seconds that have elapsed since 12:00 AM (midnight).

Function myTime(N)
Dim StartTime, EndTime
StartTime = Timer
For I = 1 To N
Next
EndTime = Timer
myTime= EndTime - StartTime
msgbox myTime
End Function
Call myTime(2000)

17) isNumeric Function


Dim MyVar, MyCheck
VB Script For QTP 40

MyVar = 53
MyCheck = IsNumeric(MyVar)
msgbox MyCheck
MyVar = "459.95"
MyCheck = IsNumeric(MyVar)
msgbox MyCheck
MyVar = "45 Help"
MyCheck = IsNumeric(MyVar)
msgbox MyCheck
* It Returns True/False like Result *

18) Inputbox Function


Displays a prompt in a dialog box, waits for the user to input text or click a button,
and returns the contents of the text box.

Dim Input
Input = InputBox("Enter your name")
MsgBox ("You entered: " & Input)

19) Msgbox Function


Displays a message in a dialog box, waits for the user to click a button, and
returns a value indicating which button the user clicked.

Dim MyVar
MyVar = MsgBox ("Hello World!", 65, "MsgBox Example")

20) CreateObject

creates and returns reference of the filesytemobject to an Automation object. It


can be used for performing operations on computer file system

Set objFso=createobject ("Scripting.FileSystemObject")

'creates and returns reference of the Excel bject to an Automation object. It can
be used for performing operations on Spreed sheet (Ms-Excel files)

Set objExcel = CreateObject("Excel.Application")

'creates and returns reference of the Word Object to an Automation object. It can
be used for performing operations on Ms-Word documents

Set objWord = CreateObject("Word.Application")

'creates and returns reference of the Database Connection to an Automation


object. It can be used for Connecting, opening and Closing databases
VB Script For QTP 41

Set objConnection = CreateObject("ADODB.Connection")

'creates and returns reference of the Database Recordset to an Automation


object. It can be used for performing operations on database tables(Records)

Set objRecordSet = CreateObject("ADODB.Recordset")

'creates and returns reference of the Ms-Power point object to an Automation


object. It can be used for performing operations on Power point presentations

Set objPPT = CreateObject("PowerPoint.Application")

Set xmldoc = WScript.CreateObject("msxml2.domdocument")

21) Round

Returns a number rounded to a specified number of decimal places.

Dim num
num=172.499
num=Round(num)
msgbox num

22) StrReverse
It returns reverse value of the given sring
x=strreverse ("dabaraedyh")
msgbox x

23) strComp
It compares two strings based on ASCII Values and Returens -1 (1st less than 2nd
), 0 (Equal) and 1 (1st greater than 2nd)
Dim x, y
x="cd": y="bcd"
comp=strcomp(x,y)
msgbox comp

24) Replace
It replace a sub string with given value (another sub string)
mystring=Replace("kb script", "k","v")
msgbox mystring

For More Functions visit:

Conversion Functions
VB Script For QTP 42

) Asc Function

Returns the ANSI character code corresponding to the first letter in a string.
Syntax:
Asc(string)
Remarks

The string argument is any valid string expression. If the string contains no
characters, a run-time error occurs.
Dim MyNumber
MyNumber = Asc("A") ' Returns 65.
MyNumber = Asc("a") ' Returns 97.
MyNumber = Asc("Apple") ' Returns 65.

2) CByte Function

Returns an expression that has been converted to a Variant of subtype Byte.


Syntax:

CByte(expression)
The expression argument is any valid expression.
Use the CByte function to provide conversions from any data type to a Byte
subtype.
Example:
Dim MyDouble, MyByte
MyDouble = 125.5678 ' MyDouble is a Double.
MyByte = CByte(MyDouble) ' MyByte contains 126.

3) CDate Function
Returns an expression that has been converted to a Variant of subtype Date.
Syntax:
CDate(date)
The date argument is any valid date expression.
Use the IsDate function to determine if date can be converted to a date or time.
Example:

MyDate = "October 19, 1962" ' Define date.


MyShortDate = CDate(MyDate) ' Convert to Date data type.
MyTime = "4:35:47 PM" ' Define time.
MyShortTime = CDate(MyTime) ' Convert to Date data type.

4) Chr Function

Returns the character associated with the specified ANSI character code.
Syntax:
VB Script For QTP 43

Chr(charcode)

The charcode argument is a number that identifies a character.


Numbers from 0 to 31 are the same as standard, nonprintable ASCII codes. For
example, Chr(10) returns a linefeed character.
Example:
Dim MyChar

' Returns A:
MyChar = Chr(65)
' Returns B:
MyChar = Chr(66)
' Returns Z:
MyChar = Chr(90)

' Returns a:
MyChar = Chr(97)
' Returns b:
MyChar = Chr(98)
' Returns z:
MyChar = Chr(122)

' Returns 0:
MyChar = Chr(48)
' Returns 1:
MyChar = Chr(49)
' Returns 9:
MyChar = Chr(57)

' Returns horizontal tab:


MyChar = Chr(9)
' Returns >:
MyChar = Chr(62)
' Returns %:
MyChar = Chr(37)

5) CLng Function
Returns an expression that has been converted to a Variant of subtype Long.
Syntax:

CLng(expression)

The expression argument is any valid expression.


Use the CLng function to provide conversions from any data type to a Long
subtype.
Example:
VB Script For QTP 44

Dim MyVal1, MyVal2, MyLong1, MyLong2


MyVal1 = 25427.45: MyVal2 = 25427.55 ' MyVal1, MyVal2 are Doubles.
MyLong1 = CLng(MyVal1) ' MyLong1 contains 25427.
MyLong2 = CLng(MyVal2) ' MyLong2 contains 25428.

6) CStr Function

Returns an expression that has been converted to a Variant of subtype String.


Syntax:
CStr(expression)

The expression argument is any valid expression.


Example:
Dim MyDouble, MyString
MyDouble = 437.324 ' MyDouble is a Double.
MyString = CStr(MyDouble) ' MyString contains "437.324"

7) Oct Function

Returns a string representing the octal value of a number.


Syntax:
Oct(number)

The number argument is any valid expression.


Example:
Dim MyOct
MyOct = Oct(4) ' Returns 4.
MyOct = Oct(8) ' Returns 10.
MyOct = Oct(459) ' Returns 713.

8) CBool Function

Returns an expression that has been converted to a Variant of subtype Boolean.


Synta:
CBool(expression)

The expression argument is any valid expression.


If expression is zero, False is returned; otherwise, True is returned. If expression
can't be interpreted as a numeric value, a run-time error occurs.
Example:
Dim A, B, Check
A = 5: B = 5 ' Initialize variables.
Check = CBool(A = B) ' Check contains True.
A=0 ' Define variable.
Check = CBool(A) ' Check contains False.
VB Script For QTP 45

9) CCur Function

Returns an expression that has been converted to a Variant of subtype Currency.


Syntax:
CCur(expression)
The expression argument is any valid expression.
Example:
Dim MyDouble, MyCurr
MyDouble = 543.214588 ' MyDouble is a Double.
MyCurr = CCur(MyDouble * 2) ' Convert result of MyDouble * 2 (1086.429176)
to a Currency (1086.4292).

10) CInt Function

Returns an expression that has been converted to a Variant of subtype Integer.


Syntax:
CInt(expression)
The expression argument is any valid expression.
Example:

Dim MyDouble, MyInt


MyDouble = 2345.5678 ' MyDouble is a Double.
MyInt = CInt(MyDouble) ' MyInt contains 2346.

11) CSng Function

Returns an expression that has been converted to a Variant of subtype Single.


Syntax:
CSng(expression)

The expression argument is any valid expression.


Example:
Dim MyDouble1, MyDouble2, MySingle1, MySingle2 ' MyDouble1, MyDouble2
are Doubles.
MyDouble1 = 75.3421115: MyDouble2 = 75.3421555
MySingle1 = CSng(MyDouble1) ' MySingle1 contains 75.34211.
MySingle2 = CSng(MyDouble2) ' MySingle2 contains 75.34216.

12) Hex Function

Returns a string representing the hexadecimal value of a number.


Syntax:
Hex(number)
number argument is any valid expression.
we can represent hexadecimal numbers directly by preceding numbers in the
VB Script For QTP 46

proper range with &H.


Example:
Dim MyHex
MyHex = Hex(5) ' Returns 5.
MyHex = Hex(10) ' Returns A.
MyHex = Hex(459) ' Returns 1CB.
VB Script For QTP 47

Regular Expressions in QTP

What is Regular Expression?

It is a way of representing data using symbols. They are often used within
matching, searching or replacing algorithms.

Regular Expressions in QTP:

Regular expressions can be used in QTP for identifying objects and text strings
with varying values.

Where we use:

o Defining the property values of an object in Descriptive programming for


handling dynamic objects
o For parameterizing a step
o creating checkpoints with varying values

Using Regular Expressions in QTP:

We can define a regular expression for a constant value, a Data Table parameter
value, an Environment parameter value, or a property value in Descriptive
programming.

We can define a regular expression in standard checkpoint to verify the property


values of an object; we can set the expected value of an object's property as a
regular expression so that an object with a varying value can be verified.

We can define the text string as a regular expression, when creating a text
checkpoint to check that a varying text string is displayed on our application,
For XML checkpoints we can set attribute or element values as regular
expressions.

Ways of Regular Expressions:

a) Backslash Character:

A backslash (\) can serve two purposes. It can be used in conjunction with a
special character to indicate that the next character be treated as a literal
character.
Alternatively, if the backslash (\) is used in conjunction with some characters that
would otherwise be treated as literal characters, such as the letters n, t, w, or d,
the combination indicates a special character.

b) Matching Any Single Character:


VB Script For QTP 48

A period (.) instructs QTP to search for any single character (except for \n).
Ex:
welcome.
Matches welcomes, welcomed, or welcome followed by a space or any other
single character.

c) Matching Any Single Character in a List:

Square brackets instruct QTP to search for any single character within a list of
characters.
Ex:
To search for the date 1867, 1868, or 1869, enter:

186[789]

d) Matching Any Single Character Not in a List:

When a caret (^) is the first character inside square brackets, it instructs QTP to
match any character in the list except for the ones specified in the string.
Example:
[^ab]
Matches any character except a or b.

e) Matching Any Single Character within a Range:

To match a single character within a range, we can use square brackets ([ ]) with
the hyphen (-) character.
Example:
For matching any year in the 2010s, enter:

201[0-9]

f) Matching Zero or More Specific Characters:

An asterisk (*) instructs QTP to match zero or more occurrences of the


preceding character.
For example:

ca*r

Matches car, caaaaaar, and cr

g) Matching One or More Specific Characters:

A plus sign (+) instructs QTP to match one or more occurrences of the preceding
character.
For example:
VB Script For QTP 49

ca+r
Matches car and caaaaaar, but not cr.

h) Matching Zero or One Specific Character:

A question mark (?) instructs QTP to match zero or one occurrences of the
preceding character.
For example:
ca?r
Matches car and cr, but nothing else.

i) Grouping Regular Expressions:

Parentheses (()) instruct QTP to treat the contained sequence as a unit, just as
in mathematics and programming languages. Using groups is especially useful
for delimiting the argument(s) to an alternation operator ( | ) or a repetition
operator ( * , + , ? , { } ).

j) Matching One of Several Regular Expressions:

A vertical line (|) instructs QTP to match one of a choice of expressions.

k) Matching the Beginning of a Line:

A caret (^) instructs QTP to match the expression only at the start of a line, or
after a newline character.

l) Matching the End of a Line:

A dollar sign ($) instructs QTP to match the expression only at the end of a line,
or before a newline character.

m) Matching Any AlphaNumeric Character Including the Underscore:

\w instructs QTP to match any alphanumeric character and the underscore (A-Z,
a-z, 0-9, _).

n) Matching Any Non-AlphaNumeric Character:

\W instructs QTP to match any character other than alphanumeric characters


and underscores.

o) Combining Regular Expression Operators:

We can combine regular expression operators in a single expression to achieve


the exact search criteria we need.
For example,
VB Script For QTP 50

start.*
Matches start, started, starting, starter, and so forth.
we can use a combination of brackets and an asterisk to limit the search to a
combination of non-numeric characters.
For example:
[a-zA-Z]*
To match any number between 0 and 1200, we need to match numbers with 1
digit, 2 digits, 3 digits, or 4 digits between 1000-1200.
The regular expression below matches any number between 0 and 1200.
([0-9]?[0-9]?[0-9]|1[01][0-9][0-9]|1200)

RegExp object

VB Script is providing RegExp object for defining Regular expressions, It


provides simple support for defining regular expressions.
Regular Expression Object Properties and Methods:

Properties:

a) Global Property

b) IgnoreCase Property

c) Pattern Property

Methods:

a) Execute Method

b) Replace Method

c) Test Method

Regular Expressions Examples:

1) Match File Names in a Directory against Regular Expression

Set objFS = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")


Set objShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
strCurrentDirectory = objShell.CurrentDirectory

Set objFolder = objFS.GetFolder(strCurrentDirectory)


Set colFiles = objFolder.Files

Set objRE = New RegExp


objRE.Global = True
objRE.IgnoreCase = False
VB Script For QTP 51

objRE.Pattern = WScript.Arguments(0)

For Each objFile In colFiles


bMatch = objRE.Test(objFile.Name)
If bMatch Then
WScript.Echo objFile.Name
End If
Next

2) Match Content in a File against a Regular Expression


strFileName = "E:\gcreddy.txt"
Set objFS = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")

Set objTS = objFS.OpenTextFile(strFileName)


strFileContents = objTS.ReadAll
WScript.Echo "Searching Within: "
WScript.Echo strFileContents
objTS.Close

Set objRE = New RegExp


objRE.Global = True
objRE.IgnoreCase = False
objRE.Pattern = WScript.Arguments(0)

Set colMatches = objRE.Execute(strFileContents)


WScript.Echo vbNewLine & "Resulting Matches:"
For Each objMatch In colMatches
WScript.Echo "At position " & objMatch.FirstIndex & " matched " &
objMatch.Value
Next
VB Script For QTP 52

VB Script Objects
a) FileSystemObject

Scripting allows us to process drives, folders, and files using the


FileSystemObject (FSO) object model.

Creating FileSystemObject:

Set Variable=CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
Example:

Dim objFso
Set objFso=CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
objFso.CteateTextFile("D:\gcreddy.txt")

b) Dictionary

Creating Dictionary Object:

Set Variable=CreateObject("Scripting.Dictionary")
Example:

c) Excel Application

Creating Excel Object:

Set Variable=CreateObject("Excel.Application")
Example:

d) Word Application

Creating Word Object:

Set Variable=CreateObject("Word.Application")
Example:

e) Shell

Creating Shell Object:

Set Variable= WScript.CreateObject("Wscript.Shell")


Example:
VB Script For QTP 53

f) Network

Creating Network Object:

Set Variable= WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Network")


Example:

g) PowerPoint

Creating PowerPointObject:

Set Variable=CreateObject("PowerPoint.Application")
Example:

h) ADODB Connection

The ADO Connection Object is used to create an open connection to a data


source. Through this connection, you can access and manipulate a database.

Creating Database Connection Object:

Set Variable=CreateObject("ADODB.Connection")
Example:

i) ADODB RecordSet

The ADO Recordset object is used to hold a set of records from a database
table. A Recordset object consist of records and columns (fields).

Creating Database RecordSet Object:

Set Variable=CreateObject("ADODB.RecordSet")
Example:

j) ADODB Command

The ADO Command object is used to execute a single query against a database.
The query can perform actions like creating, adding, retrieving, deleting or
updating records.
VB Script For QTP 54

Creating Database Command Object:

Set Variable=CreateObject("ADODB.Command")
Example:

k) Error

Creating Error Object:

l) RegExp

Creating RegExp Object:

Set objReg=CreateObject("vbscript.regexp")

m) Internet Explorer

n) Outlook Express

a) Dictionary Object

Dictionary Object that stores data key, item pairs.

A Dictionary object is the equivalent of a PERL associative array/Hash Variable.


Items can be any form of data, and are stored in the array. Each item is
associated with a unique key. The key is used to retrieve an individual item and
is usually an integer or a string, but can be anything except an array.

Creating a Dictionary Object:

Set objDictionary = CreateObject("Scripting.Dictionary")

Dictionary Objects Methods:

Add Method

Adds a key and item pair to a Dictionary object


VB Script For QTP 55

Exists Method

Returns true if a specified key exists in the Dictionary object, false if it does not.

Items Method

Returns an array containing all the items in a Dictionary object.

Keys Method

Returns an array containing all existing keys in a Dictionary object.

Remove Method

Removes a key, item pair from a Dictionary object.

RemoveAll Method

The RemoveAll method removes all key, item pairs from a Dictionary object.

Example:

Dim cities
Set cities = CreateObject("Scripting.Dictionary")
cities.Add "h", "Hyderabad"
cities.Add "b", "Bangalore"
cities.Add "c", "Chennai"

Dictionary Objects Properties:


Count Property

Returns the number of items in a collection or Dictionary object. Read-only.

CompareMode Property
Sets and returns the comparison mode for comparing string keys in a Dictionary
object.

Key Property

Sets a key in a Dictionary object.

Item Property
Sets or returns an item for a specified key in a Dictionary object. For collections,
returns an item based on the specified key. Read/write.
VB Script For QTP 56

Examples:

a to Elements 1) AddDictionary

Set objDictionary = CreateObject("Scripting.Dictionary")

objDictionary.Add "Printer 1", "Printing"


objDictionary.Add "Printer 2", "Offline"
objDictionary.Add "Printer 3", "Printing"

a 2) Delete All Elements fromDictionary

Set objDictionary = CreateObject("Scripting.Dictionary")

objDictionary.Add "Printer 1", "Printing"


objDictionary.Add "Printer 2", "Offline"
objDictionary.Add "Printer 3", "Printing"
colKeys = objDictionary.Keys

Wscript.Echo "First run: "


For Each strKey in colKeys
Wscript.Echo strKey
Next

objDictionary.RemoveAll
colKeys = objDictionary.Keys

Wscript.Echo VbCrLf & "Second run: "


For Each strKey in colKeys
Wscript.Echo strKey
Next

3) Delete One Element from a Dictionary

Set objDictionary = CreateObject("Scripting.Dictionary")

objDictionary.Add "Printer 1", "Printing"


objDictionary.Add "Printer 2", "Offline"
objDictionary.Add "Printer 3", "Printing"

colKeys = objDictionary.Keys
VB Script For QTP 57

Wscript.Echo "First run: "


For Each strKey in colKeys
Wscript.Echo strKey
Next

objDictionary.Remove("Printer 2")
colKeys = objDictionary.Keys

Wscript.Echo VbCrLf & "Second run: "


For Each strKey in colKeys
Wscript.Echo strKey
Next

4) List the Number of Items in a Dictionary

Set objDictionary = CreateObject("Scripting.Dictionary")

objDictionary.Add "Printer 1", "Printing"


objDictionary.Add "Printer 2", "Offline"
objDictionary.Add "Printer 3", "Printing"
Wscript.Echo objDictionary.Count

5) Verify the Existence of a Dictionary Key

Set objDictionary = CreateObject("Scripting.Dictionary")

objDictionary.Add "Printer 1", "Printing"


objDictionary.Add "Printer 2", "Offline"
objDictionary.Add "Printer 3", "Printing"

If objDictionary.Exists("Printer 4") Then


Wscript.Echo "Printer 4 is in the Dictionary."
Else
Wscript.Echo "Printer 4 is not in the Dictionary."
End If
VB Script For QTP 58

VBScript Coding Conventions

Coding conventions are suggestions are designed to help us write code using
VB Script.

Coding conventions can include the following:

• Naming conventions for objects, variables, and procedures


• Commenting conventions
• Text formatting and indenting guidelines

The main reason for using a consistent set of coding conventions is to


standardize the structure and coding style of a script or set of scripts so that we
and others can easily read and understand the code.

Using good coding conventions results in clear, precise, and readable source
code that is consistent with other language conventions and is intuitive.

Variable Naming Conventions


To enhance readability and consistency, we have to use the following prefixes
with descriptive names for variables in our VBScript code.

Subtype Prefix Example


----------------------------------------------
Boolean bln blnFound
-----------------------------------------------
Byte byt bytRasterData
-----------------------------------------------------
Date (Time) dtm dtmStart
----------------------------------------------------
Double dbl dblTolerance
-----------------------------------------------------
Error err errOrderNum
-----------------------------------------------------
Integer int IntQuantity
-----------------------------------------------------
Long lng lngDistance
-----------------------------------------------------
Object obj objCurrent
-----------------------------------------------------
Single sng sngAverage
-----------------------------------------------------
String str strFirstName
-----------------------------------------------------

Object Naming Conventions:


VB Script For QTP 59

The following table lists recommended conventions for objects you may
encounter while programming VBScript.

Object type Prefix Example


---------------------------------------------------
3D Panel pnl pnlGroup
---------------------------------------------------
Animated button ani aniMailBox
---------------------------------------------------
Check box chk chkReadOnly
---------------------------------------------------
Combo box cbo cboEnglish
---------------------------------------------------
Command button cmd cmdExit
---------------------------------------------------
Common dialog dlg dlgFileOpen
---------------------------------------------------
Frame fra fraLanguage
---------------------------------------------------

Image img imgIcon


---------------------------------------------------
Label lbl lblHelpMessage
---------------------------------------------------
Line lin linVertical
---------------------------------------------------
List Box lst lstPolicyCodes
---------------------------------------------------
Spin spn spnPages
---------------------------------------------------
Text box txt txtLastName
---------------------------------------------------

Slider sld sldScale


---------------------------------------------------

Code Commenting Conventions

All procedures should begin with a brief comment describing what they do. This
description should not describe the implementation details (how it does it)
because these often change over time, resulting in unnecessary comment
maintenance work, or worse, erroneous comments. The code itself and any
necessary inline comments describe the implementation.

Arguments passed to a procedure should be described when their purpose is not


obvious and when the procedure expects the arguments to be in a specific
VB Script For QTP 60

range. Return values for functions and variables that are changed by a
procedure, especially through reference arguments, should also be described at
the beginning of each procedure.

Procedure header comments should include the following section headings. For
examples, see the "Formatting Your Code" section that follows.

Section Heading Comment Contents

Purpose: What the procedure does (not how).

Assumptions: List of any external variable, control, or otherelement


whose state affects this procedure.

Effects: List of the procedure's effect on each external variable, control, or


other element.

Inputs: Explanation of each argument that is not obvious. Each argument


should be on a separate line with inline comments.

Return Values: Explanation of the value returned.

Remember the following points:

•Every important variable declaration should include an inline comment


describing the use of the variable being declared.

•Variables, controls, and procedures should be named clearly to ensure that


inline comments are only needed for complex implementation details.

•At the beginning of your script, you should include an overview that describes
the script, enumerating objects, procedures, algorithms, dialog boxes, and other
system dependencies. Sometimes a piece of pseudocode describing the
algorithm can be helpful.

Formatting the Code

Screen space should be conserved as much as possible, while still allowing code
formatting to reflect logic structure and nesting. Here are a few suggestions:

• Indent standard nested blocks four spaces.

• Indent the overview comments of a procedure one space.

• Indent the highest level statements that follow the overview comments four
spaces, with each nested block indented an additional four spaces.
VB Script For QTP 61

The following code adheres to VBScript coding conventions.


'*********************************************************
' Purpose: Locates the first occurrence of a specified user
' in the UserList array.
' Inputs: strUserList(): the list of users to be searched.
' strTargetUser: the name of the user to search for.
' Returns: The index of the first occurrence of the strTargetUser
' in the strUserList array.
' If the target user is not found, return -1.
'*********************************************************
Function intFindUser (strUserList(), strTargetUser)
Dim i ' Loop counter.
Dim blnFound ' Target found flag
intFindUser = -1
i = 0 ' Initialize loop counter
Do While i <= Ubound(strUserList) and Not blnFound
If strUserList(i) = strTargetUser Then
blnFound = True ' Set flag to True
intFindUser = i ' Set return value to loop count
End If
i = i + 1 ' Increment loop counter
Loop
End Function
VB Script For QTP 62

VB Script Classes
Creating Classes

Classes aren't a new concept in scripting. JavaScript, JScript, and other scripting
languages have supported classes or similar elements for years. However,
VBScript 5.0 is the first version of VBScript to support classes.

To use classes in your VBScript code, you first need to obtain VBScript 5.0 by
downloading the appropriate self-executable file from the Microsoft Developer
Network (MSDN) Web site (http://msdn.microsoft.com/scripting) or by installing
Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) 5.0. Then you need to understand what a
VBScript class is and learn how to declare, define, initialize, and instantiate a
class.

VBScript Classes

VBScript 5.0 supports two types of objects: COM objects and Class objects
(typically referred to as simply classes). VBScript COM objects have basic
subtypes, such as an Integer or String. VBScript classes have an abstract
subtype that encapsulates data and the functions to work with that data. You can
think of a VBScript class as having a souped-up subtype that provides you with
more computing power and flexibility. (Other differences exist between these two
types of objects. For more information, see the Web-exclusive sidebar "How
VBScript Classes and COM Objects Differ" on the Win32 Scripting Journal Web
site at http://www.winntmag.com/ newsletter/scripting.

You can use classes to describe complex data structures. For example, if your
application tracks customers and orders, you can define two classes for them,
each with a unique set of internal data (typically called properties) and functions
(typically called methods). You can then manage customers and orders as if they
were native VBScript subtypes. More important, because you assign a class its
properties and methods (i.e., its programming interface), you have an object-
oriented tool to improve VBScript applications.

Declaring a Class

You use the Class statement to declare a class. This statement's syntax is:

Class name
' Properties and methods go here.
End Class
where name is the name you give that class. You declare the properties and
methods for your class between the Class and End Class clauses.

For example, suppose you want to create the VBScript class FileList, which
Listing 1 contains. This class manages those files in a folder that meet a filename
VB Script For QTP 63

specification that you provide. You create this class by first specifying the
keyword Class followed by the class' name Class FileList. Next, you declare the
class' properties and methods. FileList has two properties (FileSpec and
FolderPath) and one method (Search).

Declaring the FileSpec Property

The FileSpec property holds the filename specification. For example, the
filename specification might be C:\*.*. You want users to be able to freely read
and write values to this property, so you declare FileSpec as an external, or
public, variable with the Public statement

Public FileSpec

You can use a public variable in any script, not just the script in which you
created the variable. However, if you use a public variable, you have no control
over the value that users assign to the variable and no control over the value that
the variable returns. Thus, you can't use public variables to hold values that you
need to validate.

Declaring the FolderPath Property

The FolderPath property holds the full path to the folder containing the files. After
a user sets a folder path, you need to validate that the folder exists, which means
you can't use a public variable. Instead, you need to store the folder path in an
internal, or private, variable and use two public property procedures to read and
write to that variable. (Public property procedures are wrappers that hide the
code that gets and sets the values of private variables.)

Prefixing a private variable with the m_ string is a common scripting convention.


For example, the private variable for the FolderPath property is m_folderPath. To
declare m_folderPath, you use the Private statement

Private m_folderPath

Procedures and variables that have the Private qualifier aren't visible outside the
class. In addition, private variables apply only to the script in which you created
them.

After you declare m_folderPath, you need to declare the two public property
procedures that you'll use to read and write to that variable. The first procedure to
declare is the Property Get procedure, which returns the values of properties.
The second procedure is the Property Let procedure, which assigns values to
properties.

To declare the Property Get procedure, you use the Property Get statement
VB Script For QTP 64

Public Property Get FolderPath


FolderPath = m_folderPath
End Property
where FolderPath is the name of that procedure. By including the Public
statement with the Property Get statement, you're making the value that the
FolderPath procedure returns available for public reading. Thus, by assigning
FolderPath to m_folderPath, you make the value of m_folderPath available for
public reading.
VB Script For QTP 65

VBScript Syntax Rules and Guidelines

1) Case-sensitivity:

By default, VBScript is not case sensitive and does not differentiate between
upper-case and lower-case spelling of words, for example, in variables, object
and method names, or constants.

For example, the two statements below are identical in VBScript:

Browser("Mercury").Page("Find a Flight:").WebList("toDay").Select "31"


browser("mercury").page("find a flight:").weblist("today").select "31"

2) Text strings:

When we enter a value as a text string, we must add quotation marks before and
after the string. For example, in the above segment of script, the names of the
Web site, Web page, and edit box are all text strings surrounded by quotation
marks.

Note that the value 31 is also surrounded by quotation marks, because it is a text
string that represents a number and not a numeric value.

In the following example, only the property name (first argument) is a text string
and is in quotation marks. The second argument (the value of the property) is a
variable and therefore does not have quotation marks. The third argument
(specifying the timeout) is a numeric value, which also does not need quotation
marks.

Browser("Mercury").Page("Find a Flight:").WaitProperty("items count",


Total_Items, 2000)

3) Variables:

We can specify variables to store strings, integers, arrays and objects. Using
variables helps to make our script more readable and flexible

4) Parentheses:

To achieve the desired result and to avoid errors, it is important that we use
parentheses () correctly in our statements.

5) Indentation:

We can indent or outdent our script to reflect the logical structure and nesting of
the statements.
VB Script For QTP 66

6) Comments:

We can add comments to our statements using an apostrophe ('), either at the
beginning of a separate line, or at the end of a statement. It is recommended that
we add comments wherever possible, to make our scripts easier to understand
and maintain.

7) Spaces:

We can add extra blank spaces to our script to improve clarity. These spaces are
ignored by VBScript
VB Script For QTP 67

VB Script Examples

VB Script General Examples


1) Write a program for finding out whether the given year is a leap year or
not?

Dim xyear
xyear=inputbox ("Enter Year")
If xyear mod 4=0 Then
msgbox "This is a Leap year"
Else
msgbox "This is NOT"
End If

2) Write a program for finding out whether the given number is, Even
number or Odd number?

Dim num
num=inputbox ("Enter a number")
If num mod 2=0 Then
msgbox "This is a Even Number"
Else
msgbox "This is a Odd Number"
End If

3) Read two numbers and display the sum?

Dim num1,num2, sum


num1=inputbox ("Enter num1")
num2=inputbox ("Enter num2")
sum= Cdbl (num1) + Cdbl (num2) 'if we want add two strings conversion require
msgbox ("Sum is " &sum)

4) Read P,T,R values and Calculate the Simple Interest?

Dim p,t, r, si
p=inputbox ("Enter Principle")
t=inputbox ("Enter Time")
r=inputbox ("Enter Rate of Interest")
si= (p*t*r)/100 ' p= principle amount, t=time in years, r= rate of interest
msgbox ("Simple Interest is " &si)

5) Read Four digit number, calculate & display the sum of the number or
display Error message if the number is not a four digit number?
VB Script For QTP 68

Dim num, sum


num=inputbox ("Enter a Four digit number")
If Len(num) = 4 Then
sum=0
sum=sum+num mod 10
num=num/10
num= left (num, 3)
sum=sum+num mod 10
num=num/10
num= left (num, 2)
sum=sum+num mod 10
num=num/10
num= left (num, 1)
sum=sum+num mod 10
msgbox ("Sum is " &sum)
else
msgbox "Number, you entered is not a 4 digit number"
End If

6) Read any Four-digit number and display the number in reverse order?

Dim num,rev
num= inputbox("Enter a number")
If len(num)=4 Then
rev=rev*10 + num mod 10
num=num/10
num= left(num,3)
rev=rev*10 + num mod 10
num=num/10
num= left(num,2)
rev=rev*10 + num mod 10
num=num/10
num= left(num,1)
rev=rev*10 + num mod 10
msgbox "Reverse Order of the number is "&rev
Else
msgbox "Number, you entered is not a 4 digit number"
End If

7) Read 4 subjects marks; calculate the Total marks and grade?

a) If average marks Greater than or equal to 75, grade is Distinction


b) If average marks Greater than or equal to 60 and less than 75 , then grade is
First
c) If average marks Greater than or equal to 50 and less than 60 , then grade is
Second
VB Script For QTP 69

d) If average marks Greater than or equal to 40 and less than 50 , then grade is
Third
e) Minimum marks 35 for any subject, otherwise 'no grade fail')

Dim e,m,p,c, tot


e=inputbox ("Enter english Marks")
m=inputbox ("Enter maths Marks")
p=inputbox ("Enter physics Marks")
c=inputbox ("Enter chemistry Marks")
tot= cdbl(e) + cdbl(m) + cdbl(p) + cdbl(c)
msgbox tot
If cdbl(e) >=35 and cdbl(m) >=35 and cdbl(p) >=35 and cdbl(c) >=35 and tot
>=300 Then
msgbox "Grade is Distinction"
else If cdbl(e) >=35 and cdbl(m) >=35 and cdbl(p) >=35 and cdbl(c) >=35 and tot
>=240 and tot<300 Then
msgbox "Grade is First"
else If cdbl(e) >=35 and cdbl(m) >=35 and cdbl(p) >=35 and cdbl(c) >=35 and tot
>=200 and tot<240 Then
msgbox "Grade is Second"
else If cdbl(e) >=35 and cdbl(m) >=35 and cdbl(p) >=35 and cdbl(c) >=35 and tot
>=160 and tot<200 Then
msgbox "Grade is Third"
else
msgbox "No Grade, Fail"
End If
End If
End If
End If

8) Display Odd numbers up to n?

Dim num,n
n=Inputbox ("Enter a Vaule")
For num= 1 to n step 2
msgbox num
Next

9) Display Even numbers up to n?

Dim num,n
n=Inputbox ("Enter a Vaule")
For num= 2 to n step 2
msgbox num
Next
VB Script For QTP 70

10) display natural numbers up to n and write in a text file?

Dim num, n, fso, myfile


n= inputbox ("Enter any Value")
num=1
For num= 1 to n step 1
Set fso= createobject ("scripting.filesystemobject")
set myfile=fso.opentextfile ("E:\gcreddy.txt", 8, true)
myfile.writeline num
myfile.close
Next

11) Display Natural numbers in reverse order up to n?

Dim num,n
n=Inputbox ("Enter a Vaule")
For num=n to 1 step -1
msgbox num
Next

12) Display Natural numbers sum up to n? (Using For...Next Loop)

Dim num, n, sum


n= inputbox ("Enter a Value")
sum=0
For num= 1 to n step 1
sum= sum+num
Next
msgbox sum

13) Display Natural numbers sum up to n? (using While...Wend Loop)

Dim num, n, sum


n= inputbox ("Enter a Value")
While num <=cdbl (n)
sum= sum+num
num=num+1
Wend
msgbox sum

14) Display Natural numbers sum up to n? (Using Do...Until...Loop)

Dim num, n, sum


n= inputbox ("Enter a Value")
sum=0
num=1
VB Script For QTP 71

Do
sum= sum+num
num=num+1
Loop Until num =cdbl (n+1)
msgbox sum

15) Write a Function for Natural Numbers sum up to n?

Function NNumCou (n)


Dim num, sum
sum=0
For num= 1 to n step 1
sum= sum+num
Next
msgbox sum
End Function

16) Verify weather the entered 10 digit value is a numeric value or not?

Dim a,x,y,z,num
num=Inputbox ("Enter a Phone Number")
d1= left (num,1)
d10=Right (num,1)
d2=mid (num, 2, len (1))
d3=mid (num, 3, len (1))
d4=mid (num, 4, len (1))
d5=mid (num, 5, len (1))
d6=mid (num, 6, len (1))
d7=mid (num, 7, len (1))
d8=mid (num, 8, len (1))
d9=mid (num, 9, len (1))

If isnumeric (d1) = "True" and isnumeric (d2) = "True" and isnumeric (d3) =
"True" and isnumeric (d4) = "True"and isnumeric (d5) = "True"and isnumeric (d6)
= "True"and isnumeric (d7) = "True"and isnumeric (d8) = "True"and isnumeric
(d9) = "True"and isnumeric (d10) = "True" Then

msgbox "It is a Numeric Value"


else
Msgbox "It is NOT Numeric"
End If

17) Verify weather the entered value is a 10 digit value or not and Numeric
value or not? (Using multiple if conditions)

Dim a,x,y,z,num
VB Script For QTP 72

num=Inputbox ("Enter a Phone Number")


d1= left (num,1)
d10=Right (num,1)
d2=mid (num, 2, len (1))
d3=mid (num, 3, len (1))
d4=mid (num, 4, len (1))
d5=mid (num, 5, len (1))
d6=mid (num, 6, len (1))
d7=mid (num, 7, len (1))
d8=mid (num, 8, len (1))
d9=mid (num, 9, len (1))

If len (num) =10 Then

If isnumeric (d1) = "True" and isnumeric (d2) = "True" and isnumeric (d3) =
"True" and isnumeric (d4) = "True"and isnumeric (d5) = "True"and isnumeric (d6)
= "True"and isnumeric (d7) = "True"and isnumeric (d8) = "True"and isnumeric
(d9) = "True"and isnumeric (d10) = "True" Then
msgbox "It is a Numeric Value"
End If
End If

If len (num) <> 10 Then


Msgbox "It is NOT valid Number "
End If

18) Generate interest for 1 to 5 years (for 1 year -7%, 2 years -8%, 3 years-
9%, 4 years-10%, 5 years -11%)
Dim amount, duration, intr
amount=inputbox("enter amount")
If amount<10000 Then
msgbox "low amount"
else
For duration=1 to 5
If duration=1 Then
intr=amount*7/100
msgbox "1 year intrest is: " &intr

else if duration=2 Then


intr=amount*8/100
msgbox "2 years intrest is: " &intr

else if duration=3 Then


intr=amount*9/100
msgbox "3 years intrest is: "&intr

else if duration=4 Then


VB Script For QTP 73

intr=amount*10/100
msgbox "4 years intrest is: "&intr

else if duration=5 Then


intr=amount*11/100
msgbox "5 years intrest is: "&intr
else
msgbox "invalid data"
End If
End If
End If
End If
End If
Next
End If

For More Examples:

VB Script Examples-II
VB Script General Examples

1) Read a value and find size of the value

Dim val: val=Inputbox("Enter value for val: ")


val_length =Len(val)
msgbox "Size of "&val&" is "&val_length

2) Read a value and find whether the value is numeric or not?

Dim val: val=Inputbox("Enter value for val: ")


val_type =IsNumeric(val)
If val_type = true Then
msgbox "val is Numeric"
else
msgbox "val is not Numeric"
End If

3)'Read a value and find whether the value is Date type data or not?

Dim val: val=Inputbox("Enter value for val: ")


val_type =IsDate(val)
If val_type = true Then
msgbox "val is Date type data"
else
msgbox "val is not date type"
VB Script For QTP 74

End If

4)Read a value and Verify whether the value is 10-digit number or not and
started with 9 0r 8.

'Then Display it is a valid mobile number

Dim val,val_Length, val_Numeric, val_Start


val=Inputbox("Enter value for val: ")
val_Length= Len(val)
val_Numeric=IsNumeric(val)
val_Start=Left(val,1)
If val_Length=10 and val_Numeric and val_Start=9 or val_Start=8 Then
msgbox val&" is a valid mobile number "
Else
msgbox val&" is not a valid mobile number "
End If

5) 'Read a mobile number and verify the series

'if it starts with 92478 or 92471 then display it is TataIndicom number


'if it starts with 98490 or 98480 then display it is Airtel number

Dim val, val_Length,val_Numeric,val_Series,val_Start


val=Inputbox("Enter value for val: ")
val_Length= Len(val)
val_Numeric=IsNumeric(val)
val_Start=Left(val,1)
val_Series=Left(val,5)
If val_Numeric=true Then

If val_Length=10 and val_Start=9 Then

If val_Series = 92478 or val_Series=92471 Then


msgbox "It is TataIndicom Number"
ElseIf val_Series=98490 or val_Series = 98480 then
msgbox "It is Airtel Number"
End If

Else
msgbox val&" is not a valid mobile number "
End If
Else
msgbox val& " is Invalid data"
End If
VB Script For QTP 75

6) Read a Value and Verify weather the value is started with Alfa bytes or
not? (First letter should be Alfa byte)

Dim val, val_Asc

val=Inputbox("enter a value")
val_Asc=Asc(val)
Msgbox val_Asc
If val_Asc>=65 and val_Asc<=90 or val_Asc>=97 and val_Asc<=122Then
msgbox val&" is an Alphabet"
Else
msgbox val&" is not an Alphabet"
End If

7) Read a value and Verify weather the value is Alfa bytes are not?

Dim str, valAsc, flag,i


Dim strlen, counter,valsingle
counter=0

str=Inputbox("enter a string value")


strlen= Len(str)
For i=1 to strlen step 1
valsingle=Mid(str,i,1)
valAsc=Asc(valsingle)

If valAsc>=65 and valAsc<=90 or valAsc>=97 and valAsc<=122Then


flag=1
counter=counter+1
Else
flag=0
End If
Next

msgbox "No.of characters " &counter

If counter=strlen and flag=1Then


msgbox str&" is an Alphabetic value"
Else
msgbox str&" is not an Alphabetic value"
End If
VB Script For QTP 76
VB Script For QTP 77

VB Script Glossary of Terms


ActiveX control
An object that you place on a form to enable or enhance a user's interaction with
an application. ActiveX controls have events and can be incorporated into other
controls. The controls have an .ocx file name extension.

ActiveX object
An object that is exposed to other applications or programming tools through
Automation interfaces.

Argument
A constant, variable, or expression passed to a procedure.

Array
A set of sequentially indexed elements having the same type of data. Each
element of an array has a unique identifying index number. Changes made to
one element of an array do not affect the other elements.

ASCII Character Set


American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) 7-bit character set
widely used to represent letters and symbols found on a standard U.S. keyboard.
The ASCII character set is the same as the first 128 characters (0–127) in the
ANSI character set.

Automation object
An object that is exposed to other applications or programming tools through
Automation interfaces.

Bitwise comparison
A bit-by-bit comparison of identically positioned bits in two numeric expressions.

Boolean expression
An expression that evaluates to either True or False.

By reference
A way of passing the address, rather than the value, of an argument to a
procedure. This allows the procedure to access the actual variable. As a result,
the variable's actual value can be changed by the procedure to which it is
passed.

By value
A way of passing the value, rather than the address, of an argument to a
procedure. This allows the procedure to access a copy of the variable. As a
result, the variable's actual value can't be changed by the procedure to which it is
passed.
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character code
A number that represents a particular character in a set, such as the ASCII
character set.

Class
The formal definition of an object. The class acts as the template from which an
instance of an object is created at run time. The class defines the properties of
the object and the methods used to control the object's behavior.

Class module
A module containing the definition of a class (its property and method
definitions).

Collection
An object that contains a set of related objects. An object's position in the
collection can change whenever a change occurs in the collection; therefore, the
position of any specific object in the collection may vary.

Comment
Text added to code by a programmer that explains how the code works. In Visual
Basic Scripting Edition, a comment line generally starts with an apostrophe ('), or
you can use the keyword Rem followed by a space.

Comparison operator
A character or symbol indicating a relationship between two or more values or
expressions. These operators include less than (<), less than or equal to (<=),
greater than (>), greater than or equal to (>=), not equal (<>), and equal (=).

Is is also a comparison operator, but it is used exclusively for determining if one


object reference is the same as another.

Constant
A named item that retains a constant value throughout the execution of a
program. Constants can be used anywhere in your code in place of actual
values. A constant can be a string or numeric literal, another constant, or any
combination that includes arithmetic or logical operators except Is and
exponentiation. For example:

Data ranges
Each Variant subtype has a specific range of allowed values:
Subtype Range
Byte 0 to 255.
Boolean True or False.
Integer -32,768 to 32,767.
Long -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647.
Single -3.402823E38 to -1.401298E-45 for negative values; 1.401298E-45 to
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3.402823E38 for positive values.


Double -1.79769313486232E308 to -4.94065645841247E-324 for negative
values; 4.94065645841247E-324 to 1.79769313486232E308 for positive values.
Currency -922,337,203,685,477.5808 to 922,337,203,685,477.5807.
Date January 1, 100 to December 31, 9999, inclusive.
Object Any Object reference.
String Variable-length strings may range in length from 0 to approximately 2
billion characters.

Date expression
Any expression that can be interpreted as a date. This includes any combination
of date literals, numbers that look like dates, strings that look like dates, and
dates returned from functions. A date expression is limited to numbers or strings,
in any combination, that can represent a date from January 1, 100 through
December 31, 9999.
Dates are stored as part of a real number. Values to the left of the decimal
represent the date; values to the right of the decimal represent the time. Negative
numbers represent dates prior to December 30, 1899.

Date literal
Any sequence of characters with a valid format that is surrounded by number
signs (#). Valid formats include the date format specified by the locale settings for
your code or the universal date format. For example, #12/31/99# is the date
literal that represents December 31, 1999, where English-U.S. is the locale
setting for your application.
In VBScript, the only recognized format is US-ENGLISH, regardless of the actual
locale of the user. That is, the interpreted format is mm/dd/yyyy.

Date separators
Characters used to separate the day, month, and year when date values are
formatted.

Empty
A value that indicates that no beginning value has been assigned to a variable.
Empty variables are 0 in a numeric context, or zero-length in a string context.

Error number
A whole number in the range 0 to 65,535, inclusive, that corresponds to the
Number property of the Err object. When combined with the Name property of
the Err object, this number represents a particular error message.
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Expression
A combination of keywords, operators, variables, and constants that yield a
string, number, or object. An expression can perform a calculation, manipulate
characters, or test data.

Intrinsic constant
A constant provided by an application. Because you can't disable intrinsic
constants, you can't create a user-defined constant with the same name.

Keyword
A word or symbol recognized as part of the VBScript language; for example, a
statement, function name, or operator.

Locale
The set of information that corresponds to a given language and country. A
locale affects the language of predefined programming terms and locale-specific
settings. There are two contexts where locale information is important:
• The code locale affects the language of terms such as keywords and defines
locale-specific settings such as the decimal and list separators, date formats, and
character sorting order.
• The system locale affects the way locale-aware functionality behaves, for
example, when you display numbers or convert strings to dates. You set the
system locale using the Control Panel utilities provided by the operating system.

Nothing
The special value that indicates that an object variable is no longer associated
with any actual object.

Null
A value indicating that a variable contains no valid data. Null is the result of:
• An explicit assignment of Null to a variable.
• Any operation between expressions that contain Null.

Numeric expression
Any expression that can be evaluated as a number. Elements of the expression
can include any combination of keywords, variables, constants, and operators
that result in a number.

Object type
A type of object exposed by an application, for example, Application, File, Range,
and Sheet. Refer to the application's documentation (Microsoft Excel, Microsoft
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Project, Microsoft Word, and so on) for a complete listing of available objects.

pi
Pi is a mathematical constant equal to approximately 3.1415926535897932.

Private
Variables that are visible only to the script in which they are declared.

Procedure
A named sequence of statements executed as a unit. For example, Function and
Sub are types of procedures.

Procedure level
Describes statements located within a Function or Sub procedure. Declarations
are usually listed first, followed by assignments and other executable code. For
example:

Sub MySub() ' This statement declares a sub procedure block.


Dim A ' This statement starts the procedure block.
A = "My variable" ' Procedure-level code.
Debug.Print A ' Procedure-level code.
End Sub ' This statement ends a sub procedure block.
Note that script-level code resides outside any procedure blocks.

Property
A named attribute of an object. Properties define object characteristics such as
size, color, and screen location, or the state of an object, such as enabled or
disabled.

Public
Variables declared using the Public Statement are visible to all procedures in all
modules in all applications.

Run time
The time when code is running. During run time, you can't edit the code.

Run-time error
An error that occurs when code is running. A run-time error results when a
statement attempts an invalid operation.
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Scope
Defines the visibility of a variable, procedure, or object. For example, a variable
declared as Public is visible to all procedures in all modules. Variables declared
in procedures are visible only within the procedure and lose their value between
calls.

SCODE
A long integer value that is used to pass detailed information to the caller of an
interface member or API function. The status codes for OLE interfaces and APIs
are defined in FACILITY_ITF.

Script level
Any code outside a procedure is referred to as script-level code.

Seed
An initial value used to generate pseudorandom numbers. For example, the
Randomize statement creates a seed number used by the Rnd function to create
unique pseudorandom number sequences.

String comparison
A comparison of two sequences of characters. Unless specified in the function
making the comparison, all string comparisons are binary. In English, binary
comparisons are case-sensitive; text comparisons are not.

String expression
Any expression that evaluates to a sequence of contiguous characters. Elements
of a string expression can include a function that returns a string, a string literal, a
string constant, or a string variable.

Type library
A file or component within another file that contains standard descriptions of
exposed objects, properties, and methods.

Variable
A named storage location that can contain data that can be modified during
program execution. Each variable has a name that uniquely identifies it within its
level of scope.
Variable names:
• Must begin with an alphabetic character.
• Can't contain an embedded period or type-declaration character.
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• Must be unique within the same scope.


• Must be no longer than 255 characters.