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Running head: HIT 1 PROJECT REPORT 1

Health Information Technology Project Report: Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Susan Kelly

Lisa Ketchum

Kimberly Kleine

Angelia Hopkins

Kyla Roberts

King University

Health Information Technology Project Report: Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

The significance of patient education is immense. Patient education is defined as the

process of providing information that influences the behaviors, knowledge, and skills necessary

to maintain and improve one’s health. Equipping patients with the knowledge and skills

necessary to manage and improve their health is imperative. Education in essential to

understanding how to treat, manage, and maintain health. It is the healthcare provider’s

responsibility to prepare patients with the knowledge and skills needed to manage their health

care needs. Providing patients with health education resources, such as a Type 2 Diabetes

Mellitus (DM) educational website, is a valuable method of increasing understanding and

management of this chronic health condition (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2015). This paper

discusses an overview of the topic, the topic selection including reason and method of selection,

literature review, website development, and conclusion.

Topic Overview

Diabetes is an ancient disease state as it was initially reported over 3,000 years ago

(Olokoba, Olusegun, & Olokoba, 2012). Diabetes is one of the leading causes of premature

morbidity and mortality in the world (Pratley, 2013). It is predicted that by the year 2040, 640

million people worldwide will have diabetes with approximately 90% of those patients being

diagnosed with Type 2 DM (Persaud & Jones, 2016).

Type 2 DM is a metabolic disorder that is characterized hyperglycemia due to impaired

insulin secretion and insulin resistance. Patients also experience symptoms of polyuria,

polyphagia, and polydipsia. Type 2 DM is often a result of behavioral, environmental, and

genetic risk factors as well (Olokoba et al, 2012). Patients diagnosed with Type 2 DM are

commonly obese and lead sedentary lifestyles further complicating the disease (Pratley, 2013).

Microvascular and macrovascular issues contribute to complications leading to death in

those with Type 2 DM. Complications of the disease include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic

neuropathy, kidney disease, foot ulcers, and limb amputations. Thus, controlling blood glucose

levels is a priority. In combination with lifestyle modifications including smoking cessation,

healthy nutritional habits, and implementation of an exercise program, glycemic control helps

reduce the risk of vascular complications (Inzucchi, Bergenstal, Buse, Diamant, Ferrannini,

Nauck, Peters, Tsapas, Wender, & Matthews, 2015).

There is no cure for diabetes. Therefore, it is imperative that patient education including

lifestyle modifications, weight management, and pharmacological agents be available and

provided in order to accomplish glycemic control as soon as possible (Bayat, Shojaeezadeh,

Baikpour, Heshmat, Baikpour, & Hosseini, 2013).

Chosen Topic Including Reason and Method of Selection

needs completed

Synthesis of the Literature

needs completed

Discussion of the Website

needs completed

Per rubric to include in APA format paper

 appropriate overview of topic – completed

 topic chosen and why it was chosen and how it was chosen in depth – needs completed

 literature review = synthesis of the literature, 7+ references utilized – needs completed

 Discussion of how website was built- implementation, resources utilize, difficulties ease

of development, describes what the website looks like, how to navigate the website, how

navigation of website was chosen = synthesis of the literature, 7+ references utilized –

needs completed

 conclusion and excellent summary of the topic– completed


As health care professionals, we are responsible to ensure patients are prepared to

manage and maintain their health autonomously. Providing patient education is fundamental to

strengthen the understanding and participation in the self-management of the patient’s health

care needs including glycemic control, comorbidities, and lifestyle modifications. In order for

patient education information to be properly implemented, practitioners must ensure that the

education provided is personalized to the patient receiving the information (McGonigle &

Mastrian, 2015). In doing so, healthcare providers facilitate patient control over the health

outcomes by eliminating the health education barriers and promoting self-efficacy (Bayat et al,

2013). Thereby, promoting the health and well-being of the patients self-managing DM on a

daily basis and decreasing the risks associated with the disease (Inzucchi et al, 2015).


Bayat, F., Shojaeezadeh, D., Baikpour, M., Heshmat, R., Baikpour., M, & Hosseini, M. (2013).

The effects of education based on extended health belief model in type 2 diabetic

patients: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders,

12(45), 1-6.

Inzucchi, S. E., Bergenstal, R. M., Buse, J. B., Diamant, M., Ferrannini, E., Nauck, M., Peters,

A. L., Tsapas, A., Wender, R. & Matthews, D. R. (2015). Management of hyperglycemia

in type 2 diabetes, 2015: A patient-centered approach: Update to a position statement of

the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of

Diabetes. Diabetes Care, 2015(38), 140–149.

McGonigle, D. & Mastrian, K. G. (2015). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge
(3rd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Persaud, S. J., & Jones, P. M. (2016). A wake-up call for type 2 diabetes? The New England
Journal of Medicine, 375(11), 1090-1092.
Prately, R. E. (2013). The early treatment of type 2 diabetes. The American Journal of
Medicine, 126(9), 2-9.
Olokoba, A. B., Obateru, O. A., & Olokoba, L. B. (2012). Type 2 diabetes mellitus: A review of
current trends. Oman Medical Journal, 27(4), 269-273.